keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tha

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232265/the-value-of-preoperative-exercise-and-education-for-patients-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Rebecca Moyer, Kathy Ikert, Kristin Long, Jacquelyn Marsh
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence regarding the value of preoperative education and/or exercise (prehabilitation) for patients undergoing total joint replacement is conflicting. The purpose of this study was to conduct an updated, comprehensive systematic review with meta-analyses to determine the longitudinal effects and efficacy of prehabilitation on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We searched 11 electronic databases (MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, ProQuest, PEDro, SportDiscus, PsycINFO, and Cochrane) from their inception to May 2016 for randomized controlled trials that compared changes in pain, function, strength, anxiety, and hospital length of stay following THA or TKA...
December 12, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230932/a-multi-modality-tracking-navigation-and-calibration-for-a-flexible-robotic-drill-system-for-total-hip-arthroplasty
#2
Ahmad Nazmi Bin Ahmad Fuad, Kamal Deep, Wei Yao
BACKGROUND: This paper presents a novel multi-modality tracking and navigation system that provides a unique capability to guild a flexible drill tip inside the bone with accurate curved tunnelling. METHODS: As the flexible drill tip cannot be tracked optically inside the bone, this research focuses on developing a hybrid tracking and navigation system for tracking a flexible drill tip by using both optical and kinematic tracking. The tracking information is used to guide the THA (total hip arthroplasty) procedure, providing a real-time virtual model of the flexible drill...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223405/polished-collarless-tapered-cemented-stems-for-primary-hip-arthroplasty-may-exhibit-high-rate-of-periprosthetic-fracture-at-short-term-follow-up
#3
Trevor Scott, Anthony Salvatore, Pauline Woo, Yuo-Yu Lee, Eduardo A Salvati, Alejandro Gonzalez Della Valle
BACKGROUND: Cemented stems are designed to follow 1 of 2 principles of fixation: composite beams or slide taper. Stems in the latter category have a collarless, polished, tapered (CPT) design and subside into the cement mantle, creating hoop stresses. We compared the rate of periprosthetic fracture (PPF) of stem designed with these 2 principles of fixation. In addition, we examined radiographic factors that may predispose to the development of PPF. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent primary THA by a single surgeon using highly polished cemented stems...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223403/older-adults-undergoing-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-chronicling-changes-in-their-multimorbidity-profile-in-the-last-two-decades
#4
Siran M Koroukian, Nicholas K Schiltz, David F Warner, Alison K Klika, Carlos A Higuera-Rueda, Wael K Barsoum
BACKGROUND: Despite the ubiquitous use of total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in older adults, little is known about the multimorbidity (MM) profile of this patient population. This study evaluates the temporal trends of MM, hypothesizing that patients with MM have had an increasingly greater representation in THA and TKA patients over time. METHODS: Data on a US representative sample of older adults from the linked Health and Retirement Study and Medicare data from 1993 to 2012 were used...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221992/active-mediated-transport-of-chloramphenicol-and-thiamphenicol-in-a-calu-3-lung-epithelial-cell-model
#5
S N Nurbaeti, J C Olivier, C Adier, S Marchand, W Couet, J Brillault
Pulmonary administration enables high local concentrations along with limited systemic side-effects, but not all ATB could be good candidates. In this perspective, diffusion of the ATB chloramphenicol (CHL) and thiamphenicol (THA) through the lung has been evaluated to re-assess their potential for pulmonary administration. The apparent permeability (Papp) was evaluated with the Calu-3 cell model. Influence of drug transporters was assessed with the PSC-833, MK-571, and KO-143 inhibitors. The influence of CHL and THA on the cell uptake of rhodamin123 and fluorescein was also evaluated...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218689/preliminary-results-of-a-3d-printed-acetabular-component-in-the-management-of-extensive-defects
#6
Mustafa Citak, Lilly Kochsiek, Thorsten Gehrke, Carl Haasper, Eduardo M Suero, Hans Mau
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of extensive bone loss and massive acetabular defects can be compounded by several challenges and pitfalls. The survivorship following acetabular revision with extensive bone loss is still unsatisfactory. The goal of the present study was to analyse the outcomes of 3D-printed patient-specific acetabular components in the management of extensive acetabular defects and combined pelvic discontinuity (PD). METHODS: 9 patients underwent revision THA using 3D-printed custom acetabular components to reconstruct extensive acetabular defects...
December 4, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218688/is-dual-mobility-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-revision-for-infection-matched-cohort-of-231-cases-of-dual-mobility-cups-and-231-fixed-cups
#7
Jean Louis Prudhon, Romain Desmarchelier, Moussa Hamadouche, Christian Delaunay, Regis Verdier
INTRODUCTION: We used a matched cohort of 231 cases of revision of primary dual-mobility cups (DMC) total hip arthroplasty (THA) and 231 cases of fixed cups (FC) THA, to determine whether (i) revision for infection was more frequent when using DMC-THA than FC-THA; (ii) Causes for revision were significantly different. METHODS: The French Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology carried out a prospective multicentre study from 2010 to 2011. The inclusion criterion was an exhaustive collection of 1st revision THA (at least 1 component revised, re-revision excluded)...
December 4, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218687/decline-in-allogeneic-blood-transfusion-usage-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-patients-national-inpatient-sample-2009-to-2013
#8
Chukwuweike U Gwam, Jaydev B Mistry, Jennifer I Etcheson, Nicole E George, Grayson P Connors, Melbin Thomas, Hephzibah Adamu, Nirav G Patel, Ronald E Delanois
INTRODUCTION: Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an effective treatment for end-stage arthritis, it is also associated with substantial blood loss that may require allogeneic blood transfusion. However, these transfusions may increase the risk of certain complications. The purpose of our study is to evaluate: (i) the incidence/trends of allogeneic blood transfusion; (ii) the associated risk factors and adverse events; and (iii) the discharge disposition, length of stay (LOS), and costs for these patients between 2009 and 2013...
December 6, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218686/early-death-following-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#9
Mark D Jones, Michael Parry, Michael R Whitehouse, Ashley W Blom
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of primary total hip arthroplasty procedures is increasing, with a subsequent rise in revision procedures. This study aims to describe timing and surgical mortality associated with revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) compared to those on the waiting list. METHODS: All patients from a single institution who underwent revision total hip arthroplasty or were added to the waiting list for the same procedure between 2003 and 2013 were recorded...
December 4, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212683/-hot-joints-infection-protocol-reduces-unnecessary-post-operative-re-admissions-following-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#10
J Dattilo, D Gittings, M Sloan, R Charette, E Hume, G-C Lee
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of an institutionally developed algorithm for evaluation and diagnosis of prosthetic joint injection and to determine the impact of this protocol on overall hospital re-admissions.p PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 2685 total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients prior to (1263) and following (1422) the introduction of an infection detection protocol. The protocol used conservative thresholds for C-reactive protein to direct the medical attendant to aspirate the joint...
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208853/investigations-of-cartilage-matrix-degeneration-in-patients-with-early-stage-femoral-head-necrosis
#11
Ronghua Xu, Bo Wei, Jiayi Li, Chenyu Huang, Rongcai Lin, Cheng Tang, Yan Xu, Qingqiang Yao, Liming Wang
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to explore changes in cartilage matrix in early-stage femoral head necrosis (FHN). MATERIAL AND METHODS Femoral head samples of patients with early FHN were collected during total hip arthroplasty (THA), high-field 7.0T MRI scans were performed in vitro, and the average T2 values were calculated. Cartilage samples were obtained from the weight-bearing area (FHN group) and non-weight-bearing area (Control group), divided into 3 equal parts and used for biochemical analysis, histopathological staining, and gene expression analysis...
December 6, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208330/what-is-the-impact-of-advancing-age-on-the-outcomes-of-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Benjamin P d'S Murphy, Michelle M Dowsey, Tim Spelman, Peter F M Choong
BACKGROUND: The global demand for total hip arthroplasty (THA) is increasing, underscoring its moniker as the "operation of the century." However, debate still exists as to whether the elderly who undergo the operation achieve the same outcomes as those younger. In this study, we sought to investigate the association between older age and the risks and benefits of THA. METHODS: In this study, we aimed to compare the risks and benefits of THA of those aged ≥80 years vs those <80 years...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205219/experimental-analysis-of-insertion-torques-and-forces-of-threaded-and-press-fit-acetabular-cups-by-means-of-ex-vivo-and-in-vivo-measurements
#13
Danny Vogel, Andreas Rathay, Stephanie Teufel, Martin Ellenrieder, Carmen Zietz, Manuela Sander, Rainer Bader
PURPOSE: In THA a sufficient primary implant stability is the precondition for successful secondary stability. Industrial foams of different densities have been used for primary stability investigations. The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the insertion behaviour of threaded and press-fit cups in vivo and ex vivo using bone substitutes with various densities. METHODS: Two threaded (Bicon Plus®, Trident® TC) and one press-fit cup (Trident PSL®) were inserted by orthopaedic surgeons (S1, S2) into 10, 20 and 31 pcf blocks, using modified surgical instruments allowing measurements of the insertion forces and torques...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204597/association-of-overlapping-surgery-with-increased-risk-for-complications-following-hip-surgery-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#14
Bheeshma Ravi, Daniel Pincus, David Wasserstein, Anand Govindarajan, Anjie Huang, Peter C Austin, Richard Jenkinson, Patrick D G Henry, J Michael Paterson, Hans J Kreder
Importance: Overlapping surgery, also known as double-booking, refers to a controversial practice in which a single attending surgeon supervises 2 or more operations, in different operating rooms, at the same time. Objective: To determine if overlapping surgery is associated with greater risk for complications following surgical treatment for hip fracture and arthritis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a retrospective population-based cohort study in Ontario, Canada (population, 13...
December 4, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204500/intraoperative-chlorhexidine-irrigation-to-prevent-infection-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#15
Nicholas B Frisch, Omar M Kadri, Troy Tenbrunsel, Abraham Abdul-Hak, Mossub Qatu, Jason J Davis
Background: Surgical site irrigation during total hip (THA) and total knee (TKA) arthroplasty is a routine practice among orthopaedic surgeons to prevent periprosthetic joint infection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) irrigation on infection rates following THA and TKA. Methods: Arthroplasties performed before September 2014 served as controls. THA performed before September 2014 (N = 253) underwent intraoperative irrigation with 0...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204490/lumbar-chance-fracture-after-direct-anterior-total-hip-arthroplasty
#16
Michael Pitta, Corey J Wallach, Colleen Bauk, William G Hamilton
This report describes a patient with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) by the direct anterior approach and sustained a L4-5 extension fracture dislocation with neural deficits. A magnetic resonance imaging revealed an epidural hematoma at the site of the fracture causing critical stenosis. The patient was taken to the operating room for a L3-S1 posterior decompression with L2-pelvis posterior spinal fusion. AS and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis create a stiff spine that predisposes to fractures because of the larger moment arms experienced than normal spines...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204484/pseudotumor-in-ceramic-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty
#17
Yoni M Blau, Andrew J Meyers, Mauro Giordani, John P Meehan
The increasing demand for total hip arthroplasty (THA) in relatively young, high-demand patients has led to the use of hard-on-hard bearing surfaces. Adverse local tissue reaction/pseudotumor and elevated serum metal ion levels are commonly reported complications encountered in metal-on-metal THA, while audible articulation and rim fracture are reported in ceramic-on-ceramic THA. For this reason, ceramic-on-metal THA was implemented as an ideal hard-on-hard bearing combination. In this report, we describe a case of bilateral simultaneous ceramic-on-metal THA in a 69-year-old woman who presented 7 years postoperatively with unilateral hip pain associated with underlying pseudotumor and elevated serum cobalt and chromium ion levels...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203035/-perspective-of-the-transition-from-reusable-instruments-to-single-use-ancillary-in-orthopedic-surgery
#18
J Steelandt, T Vaillant, C Duhamel, S Haghighat, J-M Féron, P Paubel, A-L Cordonnier
OBJECTIVES: Since 2009, single-use (SU) ancillaries for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been marketed to replace reusable ancillaries. The concept is not innovative but their use in orthopedics is still uncommon. An assessment has been done for the use of SU ancillary in Assistance publique-hôpitaux de Paris with the consequences for the patient, the surgeon and the hospital. METHODS: A technical and a clinical review has been done with those devices in 2015...
December 1, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201642/the-effect-of-duration-of-illness-and-antipsychotics-on-subcortical-volumes-in-schizophrenia-analysis-of-778-subjects
#19
Naoki Hashimoto, Yoichi M Ito, Naohiro Okada, Hidenaga Yamamori, Yuka Yasuda, Michiko Fujimoto, Noriko Kudo, Ariyoshi Takemura, Shuraku Son, Hisashi Narita, Maeri Yamamoto, Khin Khin Tha, Asuka Katsuki, Kazutaka Ohi, Fumio Yamashita, Shinsuke Koike, Tsutomu Takahashi, Kiyotaka Nemoto, Masaki Fukunaga, Toshiaki Onitsuka, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Hidenori Yamasue, Michio Suzuki, Kiyoto Kasai, Ichiro Kusumi, Ryota Hashimoto
Background: The effect of duration of illness and antipsychotic medication on the volumes of subcortical structures in schizophrenia is inconsistent among previous reports. We implemented a large sample analysis utilizing clinical data from 11 institutions in a previous meta-analysis. Methods: Imaging and clinical data of 778 schizophrenia subjects were taken from a prospective meta-analysis conducted by the COCORO consortium in Japan. The effect of duration of illness and daily dose and type of antipsychotics were assessed using the linear mixed effect model where the volumes of subcortical structures computed by FreeSurfer were used as a dependent variable and age, sex, duration of illness, daily dose of antipsychotics and intracranial volume were used as independent variables, and the type of protocol was incorporated as a random effect for intercept...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199060/total-joint-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-survivorship-outcomes-and-reasons-for-failure
#20
Alexander J Rondon, Timothy L Tan, Patrick K Schlitt, Max R Greenky, Jessica L Phillips, James J Purtill
BACKGROUND: Gait instability and muscle rigidity are known characteristics of Parkinson's disease (PD), putting PD patients at risk for complications following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The outcomes of Parkinson's patients undergoing TJA are largely unknown. This study evaluated the outcomes of TJA in this population. METHODS: A single institution retrospective cohort of 123 TJAs (52 hips, 71 knees) from 2000 to 2016 was reviewed. An electronic chart query was performed using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth revision codes to identify this population...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
keyword
keyword
21459
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"