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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911245/use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-detect-occult-spinal-dysraphism-in-infants
#1
Brent R O'Neill, Danielle Gallegos, Alex Herron, Claire Palmer, Nicholas V Stence, Todd C Hankinson, C Corbett Wilkinson, Michael H Handler
OBJECTIVE Cutaneous stigmata or congenital anomalies often prompt screening for occult spinal dysraphism (OSD) in asymptomatic infants. While a number of studies have examined the results of ultrasonography (US) screening, less is known about the findings when MRI is used as the primary imaging modality. The object of this study was to assess the results of MRI screening for OSD in infants. METHODS The authors undertook a retrospective review of all infants who had undergone MRI of the lumbar spine to screen for OSD over a 6-year period (September 2006-September 2012)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900442/arthroscopic-revision-release-of-gluteal-muscle-contracture-after-failed-primary-open-surgery
#2
Xintao Zhang, Xiaocheng Jiang, Feilin He, Zuru Liang, Tian You, Dadi Jin, Wentao Zhang
PURPOSE: The treatment of gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) after failed primary open release surgery has rarely been reported in the literature. GMC is a troublesome health problem in some developing countries, and it can result in the limitation of patients' hip function, leading to the development of inferiority complexes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of arthroscopic revision surgery after failed primary open release on patients with GMC. METHODS: A total of 278 hips of 140 patients who underwent arthroscopic revision procedures after failed primary open surgeries were gathered from the department files...
November 29, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900306/a-new-anterolateral-surgical-approach-for-total-hip-replacement
#3
Giovanni F Grano, Maria Pavlidou, Alberto Todesco, Augusto Palermo, Luigi Molfetta
PURPOSE: the purpose of the present paper is to present the short-term results of a "detachment-free" (DF) anterolateral approach for primary total hip replacement (THR) performed in a large series of patients. METHODS: two hundred patients submitted to primary THR were retrospectively reviewed for the present study. In all cases, the surgery was performed using a minimally invasive DF anterolateral approach, which entails no disconnection of tendons and no muscle damage...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896459/gluteal-transposition-flap-without-donor-site-scar-for-closing-a-perineal-defect-after-abdominoperineal-resection
#4
R D Blok, O Lapid, W A Bemelman, P J Tanis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891437/nevus-lipomatosus-cutaneous-superficialis-a-rare-hamartoma-report-of-two-cases
#5
Mayank Goyal, Vaishali Hainath Wankhade, Jayesh Ishwardas Mukhi, Rajesh Pratap Singh
Nevus Lipomatosus Cutaneous Superficialis (NLCS) is a rare benign hamartomatous disorder in which mature collection of adipocytes are present ectopically in the dermis. NLCS usually presents as multiple, soft, pedunculated, cerebriform, yellowish or skin colored papules, nodules, or plaques, mostly involving the pelvic or gluteal region. We herewith report two cases of adult onset classical NLCS. First case had a classical presentation with lesion on lower back while second case was associated with some unusual features like occurrence on pubic area and associated comedo-like lesions...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885675/intratissue-lymphovenous-communications-in-the-mechanism-of-action-of-vascularized-lymph-node-transfer
#6
María Miranda Garcés, Gemma Pons, Rosa Mirapeix, Jaume Masià
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) as a surgical treatment for cancer-related lymphedema has shown beneficial effects. The mechanism of action of this procedure involves lymphangiogenesis and lymphovenous communications (LVC) within the lymph nodes. We propose intratissue LVC as an additional element responsible for drainage of lymph to blood in the flap and examine this hypothesis in the current study. METHODS: This prospective study determined the passage of lymph to the venous system via intratissue LVC in 26 free flaps used for breast reconstruction...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882383/becker-nevus-syndrome-of-the-lower-body-one-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Kristina Schäfer, Boris Bauer, Julian Donhauser, Andreas Kerstan, Henning Hamm
Becker naevus syndrome is a rare epidermal naevus syndrome defined by the co-occurrence of a Becker naevus with various cutaneous, muscular and skeletal anomalies. In the majority of cases, abnormalities exclusively consist of ipsilateral hypoplasia of the breast, areola and/or nipple in addition to the naevus. Here, we report on a 42-year-old woman with an extensive Becker naevus reaching from the left buttock to the left calf verified on histological examination. In addition, there was marked hypoplasia of the fatty tissue of the left thigh confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging in contrast to hyperplasia of the fatty tissue of the left gluteal area...
November 24, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868077/platelet-rich-plasma-injections-with-needle-tenotomy-for-gluteus-medius-tendinopathy-a-registry-study-with-prospective-follow-up
#8
James J Lee, Julian R Harrison, Kwadwo Boachie-Adjei, Elizabeth Vargas, Peter J Moley
BACKGROUND: Gluteal tendinopathy is a prevalent condition that can be associated with significant pain and disability. To date, no studies have prospectively assessed the efficacy of intratendinous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections as a minimally invasive treatment for gluteus medius tendinopathy. PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the efficacy of intratendinous PRP injections as treatment for chronic recalcitrant gluteus medius tendinopathy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865130/effects-of-fatigue-on-lower-limb-pelvis-and-trunk-kinematics-and-muscle-activation-gender-differences
#9
Giovanna Camparis Lessi, Ana Flávia Dos Santos, Luis Fylipe Batista, Gabriela Clemente de Oliveira, Fábio Viadanna Serrão
BACKGROUND: Muscle fatigue is associated with biomechanical changes that may lead to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Alterations in trunk and pelvis kinematics may also be involved in ACL injury. Although some studies have compared the effects of muscle fatigue on lower limb kinematics between men and women, little is known about its effects on pelvis and trunk kinematics. The aim of the study was to compare the effects of fatigue on lower limb, pelvis and trunk kinematics and muscle activation between men and women during landing...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859317/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-administered-at-acupuncture-point-gv20-compared-to-intramuscular-route-in-dogs
#10
A Pons, S Canfrán, J Benito, R Cediel-Algovia, I A Gómez de Segura
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sedative effects produced by dexmedetomidine in dogs, administered either intramuscularly or into the Governing Vessel 20 acupuncture point. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six dogs were sedated with 125 µg/m(2) dexmedetomidine injected either intramuscularly in the gluteal muscles or subcutaneously into the acupuncture point and in random order. Sedation and analgesia were assessed blindly before and after treatments at regular intervals for 90 minutes or until the dogs fully recovered...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857802/giant-melanocytic-nevi-with-neurocutaneous-melanosis-masquerading-as-neurofibromas
#11
Vykuntaraju K Gowda, Anita Basude, Sahana M Srinivas, Maya Bhat
Neurocutaneous melanosis is congenital melanocytic nevus with neurological manifestations. We report a 4-year-old female child presenting with hyperpigmented and nodular skin lesion associated with developmental delay and convulsions. The child had multiple brownish-black nevi on the face and chest and giant melanocytic nevi on thoraco-abdomen, back, and gluteal region. Computed tomography scan of the brain showed calcification in the pons, right cerebellar hemisphere, and left medial temporal lobe. Skin biopsy done from nodular hyperpigmented site was suggestive of melanocytic nevi...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857636/posterior-lateral-and-anterior-hip-pain-due-to-musculoskeletal-origin-a-narrative-literature-review-of-history-physical-examination-and-diagnostic-imaging
#12
REVIEW
Patrick J Battaglia, Kevin D'Angelo, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present a narrative review of the literature of musculoskeletal causes of adult hip pain, with special attention to history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging. METHODS: A narrative review of the English medical literature was performed by using the search terms "hip pain" AND "anterior," "lateral," and "posterior." Additionally, specific entities of hip pain or pain referral sources to the hip were searched for...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853125/canine-wound-myiasis-caused-by-lucilia-sericata-diptera-calliphoridae-in-korea
#13
Seongjun Choe, Dongmin Lee, Hansol Park, Hyeong-Kyu Jeon, Hakhyun Kim, Ji-Houn Kang, Cha-Ho Jee, Keeseon S Eom
Myiasis is a relatively common infection of animals kept as pets, although only 1 case of canine myiasis has been described so far in the Republic of Korea. In the present study, we report an additional case of canine wound myiasis with identification of its causative agent, Lucilia sericata. An 8-year-old male Siberian husky dog was referred with anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea to the Chungbuk National University Veterinary Medical Center, Cheongju-si (city), Chungcheongbuk-do (province), Korea in July 2013...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852520/evaluating-the-impact-of-watercell-%C3%A2-technology-on-pressure-redistribution-and-comfort-discomfort-of-adults-with-limited-mobility
#14
Carol Bartley, Melanie Stephens
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of WaterCell(®) Technology on pressure redistribution and self-reported comfort and discomfort scores of adults with mobility problems who remain seated for extended periods of time. METHODS: Twelve participants, were recruited and ranged in gender, age, height, weight, and body mass index. Five were male, seven were female, and five were permanent wheelchair users. Each participant was randomly allocated a chair, whose seat comprised of visco-elastic memory foam, high-elastic reflex foam, and watercells, to trial for a week...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849331/-fournier-s-gangrene-after-anorectal-surgery-in-infant-two-case-reports
#15
Murat Sütçü, Güntulu Duran Şık, Feryal Gün, Ayper Somer, Nuran Salman
Necrotizing fasciitis is a life-threatening soft tissue infection characterized by progressive necrosis of the skin, subcutaneous tissues and fascia. Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a serious and aggressive form of infective necrotizing fasciitis involving perineal region and genitalia. Presently described are 2 pediatric cases of FG with widespread necrosis of surrounding tissue following anorectal surgery, causing severe septic shock. Case 1: Six-month-old female patient with anal stenosis and duplication presented at emergency clinic with fever, somnolence, irritability, and feeding difficulty...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833778/magnetic-resonance-imaging-analysis-of-caudal-regression-syndrome-and-concomitant-anomalies-in-pediatric-patients
#16
Deb K Boruah, Dhaval D Dhingani, Sashidhar Achar, Arjun Prakash, Antony Augustine, Shantiranjan Sanyal, Manoj Gogoi, Kangkana Mahanta
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of caudal regression syndrome (CRS) and concomitant anomalies in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted. The study group comprised 21 pediatric patients presenting to the Departments of Radiodiagnosis and Pediatric Surgery in a tertiary care hospital from May 2011 to April 2016. All patients were initially evaluated clinically followed by MRI...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827288/-a-woman-with-subcutaneous-nodules-after-buttock-augmentation
#17
Y Sandberg, M L Dijkshoorn, I G Schoots
Volume augmentation of the buttocks with injectable soft-tissue fillers is a cosmetic procedure; delayed adverse effects include the formation of granulomatous inflammatory nodules. We describe a 35-year-old woman with early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma with multiple nodular subcutaneous densities on CT scans in both gluteal regions. These were the result of frequent injections with human collagen.
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826539/vertical-small-needle-caudal-epidural-injection-technique
#18
Liza Maniquis Smigel, Kenneth Dean Reeves, Howard Jeffrey Rosen, David Patrick Rabago
BACKGROUND: Anecdotal evidence suggests that a vertical small-needle injection method enters the caudal epidural space with comparable efficacy to cephalad-directed methods, with less intravascular injection. OBJECTIVES: Assess the success rate of vertical caudal epidural injection using epidurography and the frequency of intravascular injection using a vertical small-needle approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants had chronic generalized non-surgical low back pain and either gluteal and/or leg pain and were enrolled in a simultaneous clinical trial assessing the analgesic effect of 5% dextrose epidural injection...
June 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826466/buttock-reconstruction-in-sarcoma-surgery-an-esthetic-sigmoidplasty-closure-for-large-circular-defects-using-double-opposing-skin-flaps
#19
Corné P G Nel, Mahendra Daya
BACKGROUND: Large defects arising from extirpation surgery of buttock sarcomas requiring adjuvant radiotherapy are best closed with flap surgery. The traditional solutions are derived from an approach to pressure sores, which were designed for the ischial, sacral, or trochanteric areas, and have now been adapted for true buttock defects. This invariably destroys the esthetics of the buttock. We describe a novel technique of sigmoidplasty, which preserves most of the esthetic features...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817985/effects-of-two-different-fabrics-on-skin-barrier-function-under-real-pressure-conditions
#20
M Schario, T Tomova-Simitchieva, A Lichterfeld, H Herfert, G Dobos, N Lahmann, U Blume-Peytavi, J Kottner
BACKGROUND: Pressure Ulcers (PUs) are a severe form of skin and soft tissue lesions, caused by sustained deformation. PU development is complex and depends on different factors. Skin structure and function change during prolonged loading on PU predilection sites and surfaces being in direct contact with skin are likely to have an impact as well. Little is known about the influence of fabrics on skin function under pressure conditions. OBJECTIVES: To investigate skin responses to sustained loading in a sitting position and possible differences between two fabrics...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
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