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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906953/what-s-tramadol-got-to-do-with-it-a-case-report-of-rebound-hypoglycemia-a-reappraisal-and-review-of-potential-mechanisms
#1
Charles A Odonkor, Akhil Chhatre
BACKGROUND: Tramadol has gained traction as an analgesic of choice among pain practicing physicians. However some concerns regarding a previously unlabeled adverse reaction - hypoglycemia - have cast it in a dim light. Prior reports have noted an associated risk of hospitalization for hypoglycemia after tramadol use, but whether tramadol is the main causal agent is poorly understood and the underlying mechanisms are not well delineated. We present a unique case of rebound hypoglycemia as a variation of the theme of tramadol's adverse effect profile in a patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus, and reappraise potential mechanisms underlying this underappreciated phenomenon...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878477/paraneoplastic-pemphigus-and-autoimmune-blistering-diseases-associated-with-neoplasm-characteristics-diagnosis-associated-neoplasms-proposed-pathogenesis-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Saritha Kartan, Vivian Y Shi, Ashley K Clark, Lawrence S Chan
Autoimmune paraneoplastic and neoplasm-associated skin syndromes are characterized by autoimmune-mediated cutaneous lesions in the presence of a neoplasm. The identification of these syndromes provides information about the underlying tumor, systemic symptoms, and debilitating complications. The recognition of these syndromes is particularly helpful in cases of skin lesions presenting as the first sign of the malignancy, and the underlying malignancy can be treated in a timely manner. Autoimmune paraneoplastic and neoplasm-associated bullous skin syndromes are characterized by blister formation due to an autoimmune response to components of the epidermis or basement membrane in the context of a neoplasm...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857928/spinal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-migrated-from-traumatic-intracranial-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#3
Tae Jin Kim, Eun Jung Koh, Keun-Tae Cho
Very rarely, spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SSAH) can occur without any direct spinal injury in patients with traumatic intracranial SAH. A-59-year-old male with traumatic intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) presented with pain and numbness in his buttock and thigh two days after trauma. Pain and numbness rapidly worsened and perianal numbness and voiding difficulty began on the next day. Magnetic resonance imaging showed intraspinal hemorrhage in the lumbosacral region. The cauda equina was displaced and compressed...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852318/sacral-stress-fracture-in-an-amateur-rugby-player-a-case-report
#4
Yasuhiro Takahashi, Takashi Kobayashi, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Eiji Abe, Toshiki Abe, Kazuma Kikuchi, Yoichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: Sacral stress fracture is an uncommon cause of back pain. The majority of previously reported cases have been in runners. The purpose of this case report was to describe a case of sacral stress fracture in an amateur rugby player. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy 18-year-old Japanese boy who was a rugby player presented with a 3-week history of lumbago. Sagittal and axial magnetic resonance imaging failed to reveal any reason for lumbago in his lumbar region...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814319/effect-of-prolonged-sitting-on-body-seat-contact-pressures-among-quay-crane-operators-a-pilot-study
#5
Massimiliano Pau, Bruno Leban, Paolo Fadda, Gianfranco Fancello, Maury A Nussbaum
BACKGROUND: Quay crane operators are specialized in moving containers to and from vessels while adopting constrained sitting postures for prolonged periods (4-6 consecutive hours) in a very challenging environment. Thus, they are exposed to discomfort or pain that may result in deterioration of their performance with consequent reduction of operational safety levels. Such discomfort can be indirectly and partially assessed by measuring contact pressure at the body-seat interface. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility, usefulness, and effectiveness of monitoring the variations in seat-body interface pressure during a regular work shift of 4 hours performed in a simulated environment...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808037/patient-are-satisfied-one-year-after-decompression-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#6
Rune Tendal Paulsen, Jamal Bech Bouknaitir, Søren Fruensgaard, Leah Carreron, Mikkel Andersen
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a clinical syndrome of buttock or lower extremity pain, which may occur with or without back pain. The syndrome is associated with diminished space available for the neural and vascular elements in the lumbar spine. LSS is typically seen in elderly patients, its prevalence is estimated to be 47% in people over the age 60 years. LSS is the most common reason for spine surgery in Denmark and the number of surgical procedures is likely to increase due to demographic changes...
November 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799721/effect-of-the-single-leg-lateral-oblique-decline-squat-exercise-on-sacroiliac-joint-pain-with-knee-pain
#7
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study investigated the effect of the single-leg, lateral oblique, decline squat exercise on sacroiliac joint pain with knee pain. [Subjects and Methods] A 39-year-old female had severe pain in the right medial buttock and right anterior knee. This study assessed the anterior pelvic tilt angle and pain provocation tests before and after single-leg, lateral oblique, decline squat exercise for 4 weeks. [Results] Following the course of exercise, the anterior pelvic tilt angles were increased, and the visual analog scale pain scores for both the right buttock and right knee were 2/10...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777884/bone-and-soft-tissue-tumors-presenting-as-sciatic-notch-dumbbell-masses-a-critical-differential-diagnosis-of-sciatica
#8
Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Tomoya Matsunobu, Katsumi Harimaya, Kenichi Kawaguchi, Mitsumasa Hayashida, Seiji Okada, Toshio Doi, Yukihide Iwamoto
AIM: To study the clinical findings and characteristic features in sciatic notch dumbbell tumors (SNDTs). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes and characteristic features of consecutive cases of SNDTs (n = 8). RESULTS: Buttock masses occurred in three patients with SNDT (37.5%). Severe buttock tenderness and pain at rest were observed in seven patients with SNDTs (87.5%). Remarkably, none of the patients with SNDTs experienced back pain...
October 10, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761291/langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-with-atypical-intervertebral-disc-and-sacroiliac-joint-involvement-mimicking-osteoarticular-tuberculosis-in-an-adult
#9
Zeynep Maraş Özdemir, Ayşegül Sağır Kahraman, Cemile Ayşe Görmeli, Reşit Sevimli, Nusret Akpolat
BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), typically found in children, is a rare single or multisystem disorder with a wide range of clinical and radiological manifestations. Unusual presentations of LCH are occasionally encountered and it may be difficult to distinguish LCH from an infection or a benign or malignant tumor. RESULTS: A 35-year-old female presented with pain in her back and left buttock, malaise, and weight loss, with a duration of several months...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745582/-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#10
Andreas Kiilerich Andresen, Carsten Ernst, Mikkel Ø Andersen
Lumbar spinal stenosis is the most common reason for spinal surgery in Denmark. Lumbar spinal stenosis is a clinical syndrome of pain in the buttocks or lower extremities, with or without back pain. It is associated with reduced space available for the neural and vascular elements of the lumbar spine. The condition is often exacerbated by standing, walking or lumbar extension and relieved by forward flexion. The options for non-surgical management include drugs and physiotherapy. Treatment outcomes seem to be better for surgical neural decompression than for non-operative treatment...
October 10, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738747/variability-of-ischiofemoral-space-dimensions-with-changes-in-hip-flexion-an-mri-study
#11
Adam C Johnson, John H Hollman, Benjamin M Howe, Jonathan T Finnoff
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine if ischiofemoral space (IFS) dimensions vary with changes in hip flexion as a result of placing a bolster behind the knees during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A secondary aim was to determine if IFS dimensions vary between supine and prone hip neutral positions. DESIGN: The study employed a prospective design. SETTING: Sports medicine center within a tertiary care institution. PARTICIPANTS: Five male and five female adult subjects (age mean = 29...
October 14, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715138/diagnosis-and-management-of-lipoedema-in-the-community
#12
Marie Todd
Lipoedema is a chronic progressive adipose disorder that affects mainly women and presents as symmetrical enlargement of the buttocks and legs. It is commonly misdiagnosed as obesity or lymphoedema, but careful assessment will reveal a disproportionate enlargement below the waist which is resistant to dieting, sparing of the feet, legs are tender or painful to touch and bruise easily, there is occasional orthostatic oedema, and there is often significant psychological morbidity. Lipoedema is a oestrogen-regulated condition with onset around puberty in 78% of women, and there is often a strong family history...
October 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676805/internal-obturator-muscle-proposition-of-a-transforaminal-way-under-ultrasound-guidance-for-botulinum-toxin-injections
#13
Fabrice Michel, Arnaud Dupeyron, Jean Jacques Labat, Etienne Aleton, Bernard Parratte
OBJECTIVE: Among pelvitrochanteric muscles, the internal obturator muscle is implicated in some pain projected at the buttock or perineum. Even though the pathophysiology is not completely understood, its responsibility is often held in clinical practice and in the literature due to effectiveness of botulinum toxin injections, constituting a therapeutic test. The objective is to enhance the couple ultrasound/EMG in difficult injections. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients were treated in the physical medicine department (Besançon) from September 2015 to February 2016 for gluteal or perineal pain suspected to be related to abnormal spasm of the internal obturator muscle...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673135/poster-385-caudal-epidural-dextrose-injections-d5w-for-chronic-back-pain-with-accompanying-buttock-or-leg-pain-a-consecutive-patient-study-with-long-term-follow-up
#14
Liza R Smigel, K Dean Reeves, John Lyftogt, David P Rabago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672438/treatment-of-postoperative-sciatic-nerve-palsy-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-postoperative-acetabular-fracture-a-case-report
#15
Akio Kanda, Kazuo Kaneko, Osamu Obayashi, Atsuhiko Mogami, Itaru Morohashi
Acetabular fracture is usually treated with osteosynthesis. However, in the case of an intra-articular fracture, osteosynthesis can result in arthropathy of the hip joint and poor long-term results, hence, total hip arthroplasty is required. However, in total hip arthroplasty for postoperative acetabular fracture, sciatic nerve palsy tends to develop more commonly than after primary total hip arthroplasty. This is a case report of a 57-year-old Japanese male who had internal skeletal fixation for a left acetabular fracture that had occurred 2 years earlier...
November 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662270/correlations-between-the-sf-36-the-oswestry-disability-index-and-rolland-morris-disability-questionnaire-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-decompression-according-to-types-of-spine-origin-pain
#16
Sangbong Ko, Seungbum Chae
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between SF-36 (a measure for overall health status in patients) and Oswestry-Disability Index (ODI) or Rolland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) confined to spine according to the type of pain from the spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Data showed moderate correlation between ODI and SF-36 Physical Component Score (PCS), Physical Functioning (PF) (r=-0.46), Physical Role Functioning (RP) (r=-0...
September 21, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644428/piriformis-syndrome-a-case-series-of-31-bangladeshi-people-with-literature-review
#17
Md Abu Bakar Siddiq, Md Shawkat Hossain, Mohammad Moin Uddin, Israt Jahan, Moshiur Rahman Khasru, Neaz Mahmud Haider, Johannes J Rasker
AIMS: To describe a series of piriformis syndrome patient among Bangladesh people with literature review. METHODS: Consecutive 31 piriformis syndrome patients were enrolled. Besides history and clinical examination, piriformis muscle thickness was also measured with diagnostic ultrasound (3.5 MHZ). MRI of lumbar spine, X-rays of lumbo-sacral spine, and pelvis were performed in all patients. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), Windows 8.0, was used for statistical calculation, and univariate analysis of primary data was done...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634053/direct-puncture-embolization-of-the-internal-iliac-artery-during-cesarean-delivery-for-pernicious-placenta-previa-coexisting-with-placenta-accreta
#18
Zhenyu Chen, Ju Li, Jian Shen, Jiaxi Jin, Wei Zhang, Wan Zhong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate direct puncture embolization of the internal iliac artery with hemostatic gelatin sponge particles to treat pernicious placenta previa coexisting with placenta accreta during cesarean delivery. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of data from women with pernicious placenta previa and placenta accreta who underwent direct puncture embolization of the internal iliac artery during cesarean delivery at a center in China between September 1, 2013, and February 28, 2015...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625495/intractable-sacroiliac-joint-pain-treated-with-peripheral-nerve-field-stimulation
#19
Shushovan Chakrabortty, Sanjeev Kumar, Deepak Gupta, Sruthi Rudraraju
As many as 62% low back pain patients can have sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain. There is limited (to poor) evidence in regards to long-term pain relief with therapeutic intra-articular injections and/or conventional (heat or pulsed) radiofrequency ablations (RFAs) for SIJ pain. We report our pain-clinic experience with peripheral nerve field stimulation (PNFS) for two patients of intractable SIJ pain. They had reported absence of long-term pain relief (pain relief >50% for at least 2 weeks postinjection and at least 3 months post-RFA) with SIJ injections and SIJ RFAs...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620547/systemic-lead-toxicity-secondary-to-retained-intraosseous-bullet-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
John P Begly, Claudette M Lajam
A 35-year-old female presented to orthopaedic clinic with a chief complaint of chronic left hip pain, beginning 17 years prior when she had sustained a gunshot wound to her left buttock. Imaging demonstrated significant left hip arthritis with a retained projectile in the femoral head. Lead levels were also found to be significantly elevated. The patient underwent successful left total hip arthroplasty, with subsequent postoperative pain relief and consistent decrease in serum lead level. This report presents a rare case that emphasizes lead intoxication as a potentially dangerous complication of gunshot wounds and retained projectiles in the orthopaedic patient...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
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