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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691944/developmental-performance-of-5-year-old-bulgarian-children-an-example-of-translational-neuroscience-in-practice
#1
Ralitsa Yordanova, Ivan Ivanov
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental testing is essential for early recognition of the various developmental impairments. The tools used should be composed of items that are age specific, adapted, and standardized for the population they are applied to. The achievements of neurosciences, medicine, psychology, pedagogy, etc. are applied in the elaboration of a comprehensive examination tool that should screen all major areas of development. The key age of 5 years permits identification of almost all major developmental disabilities leaving time for therapeutic intervention before school entrance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691170/outcomes-of-articulating-spacers-with-autoclaved-femoral-components-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-infection
#2
Daniel E Goltz, E Grant Sutter, Michael P Bolognesi, Samuel S Wellman
BACKGROUND: In 2-stage revision of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) infection, articulating antibiotic spacers show similar eradication rates and superior range of motion compared with static spacers. This study evaluated infection control and other outcomes in articulating spacers with an autoclaved index femoral component. METHODS: We reviewed 59 patients who underwent 2-stage treatment of TKA infection using articulating antibiotic spacers with an autoclaved femoral component with at least 2-year follow-up (mean: 5...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691080/implant-failure-after-motec-wrist-joint-prosthesis-due-to-failure-of-ball-and-socket-type-articulation-two-patients-with-adverse-reaction-to-metal-debris-and-polyether-ether-ketone
#3
Teemu Karjalainen, Konsta Pamilo, Aleksi Reito
We describe 2 cases of articulation-related failures resulting in revision surgery after a Motec total wrist arthroplasty: one with an adverse reaction to metal debris and the other with an adverse reaction to polyether ether ketone. In the first patient, blood cobalt and chrome levels were elevated and magnetic resonance imaging showed clear signs of a pseudotumor. The other patient had an extensive release of polyether ether ketone particles into the surrounding synovia due to adverse wear conditions in the cup, leading to the formation of a fluid-filled cyst sac with a black lining and diffuse lymphocyte-dominated inflammation in the synovia...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690207/another-new-species-of-phyllodytes-anura-hylidae-from-the-atlantic-forest-of-northeastern-brazil
#4
Victor G D Orrico, Iuri R Dias, Euvaldo Marciano-Jr
A new species of the genus Phyllodytes is described from the State of Bahia, in the Atlantic Rain Forest of Northeastern Brazil. Phyllodytes praeceptor sp. nov. can be differentiated from other species of Phyllodytes by its medium size (SVL 20.7-25.8 mm in males); odontoids moderately developed; vocal sac externally visible; eyes large and prominent; dorsum homogenously cream, except for a few scattered spots and blotches; venter areolate with two parallel, paramedial lines of larger tubercles; few tubercles in the ventral surface of thighs, the largest being the medial one; a large tubercle on the skin around the tibio-tarsal articulation; nuptial pad rounded and moderately expanded...
April 9, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#5
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687161/obstetric-patients-perspectives-on-functional-magnetic-neuroimaging-research-in-pregnant-women
#6
Rebecca L Newmark, Michelle L Zaydlin, Amy Yang, Kelcie Kuchenrither, Katherine L Wisner, Suena H Massey
Magnetic resonance neuroimaging (MRI) studies of healthy pregnant women could identify key mechanisms of spontaneous health behavior changes observed in expectant mothers as novel intervention targets, but are currently unprecedented. As balancing potential benefits of research with unknown risks, including participant perceptions of risk, is foundational to ethical conduct, we surveyed a convenience obstetric sample to understand pregnant women's perspectives on this issue. Respondents were 76 pregnant women (modal age of 30-39 years; 64% multiparous) presenting for obstetric care from April to June 2016 at privately and publicly funded clinics at an urban academic medical center in the Midwestern USA...
April 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685640/how-and-when-do-patients-request-life-expectancy-estimates-evidence-from-hospice-medical-consultations-and-insights-for-practice
#7
Marco Pino, Ruth Parry
OBJECTIVE: To break new ground by directly examining how patients seek life-expectancy estimates, and how doctors support them in doing so. METHODS: Conversation analytic examination of 10 recorded UK hospice consultations involving 3 palliative specialists. RESULTS: Life-expectancy estimate episodes frequently begin after a doctor has given a patient an opportunity to shape the consultation agenda. Rather than posing direct questions, patients cautiously display their interest in receiving an estimate using statements...
April 3, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683059/wind-power-and-the-situatedness-of-community-engagement
#8
Hyomin Kim, Seung Hee Cho, Sungsoo Song
Jeju, an island in Korea, became a place to site wind turbines with an unusually high level of public acceptance. Based on interviews, media analyses, and policy research, we found that the collective memory of socio-economic deprivation enabled community engagement to matter to residents, the provincial government, and environmental activists. It was within socio-historically contextualized processes of articulating the vision of a "good" society that an actual form of community engagement, however inadequate it might appear to some, became relevant to stakeholders in a particular locality...
April 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682022/radiofrequency-and-methylprednisolone-in-treatment-of-lower-back-pain-caused-by-facet-joint-syndrome-comparison-of-the-outcomes
#9
Dagistan Yasar, Okmen Korgun, Dagistan Emine
Introduction: In this trial we have discussed the outcomes of radiofrequency ablation and methylprednisolone treatment in cases diagnosed with facet syndrome; and effects of treatment modality on quality of life is evaluated by visual analogue scale and Oswestry Disability Index. Materials and Methods: This prospective, study was conducted with 100 patients with diagnosis of facet joint syndrome. Patients, benefited from diagnostic block, were separated into two groups, with 50 cases in each...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681631/management-of-medical-care-a-fundamental-tool-for-resident-doctors
#10
Guillermo Fajardo-Ortiz, Héctor Robledo
In the area of medical education, and particularly in our country, medical residencies are the best educational programs for a graduated physicians; however, when young medical doctors begin a residence at hospitals, they hardly poses knowledge about the way medical services work as well as the processes they involve, which directly affects the fulfillment of their tasks, their process of learning and more importantly, it interferes in the services provided by the hospital. Therefore, it is imperative to immerse residents in the management of medical care and let them know that its main function is to harmoniously articulate every medical-administrative process related to patients as well as human, material and financial resources...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680947/a-retrospective-assessment-of-a-failed-collaborative-process-in-conservation
#11
Heidi E Kretser, Jon P Beckmann, Joel Berger
Collaboration provides one tool for managing the complicated and often the contentious natural resource issues. Successful collaborative arrangements involve a mix of actors bringing key attributes to the table: power, capacity, motivation, mandate, and synergy. These attributes, if missing or if one overshadows the rest, can derail the collaborative process and/or the conservation outcomes. We offer a case study of natural gas field development impacts on America's only endemic ungulate-pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)-winter range in the Upper Green River Basin (UGRB), Wyoming, USA...
April 21, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680265/making-a-difference-applying-vitellone-s-social-science-of-the-syringe-to-performance-and-image-enhancing-drug-injecting
#12
Aaron Hart
Vitellone's Social Science of the Syringe investigates epistemologies of injecting drug use. She argues for a methodology that can be simultaneously sensitive to biopolitical power regimes; the trajectories of social stratification; and the resistance, creativity and dignity of human agency. She proposes a methodological focus on the syringe-in-use as an active participant in these dynamics. Harm reduction policy and service provision frameworks have paid little attention to the phenomena of performance and image enhancing drug (PIEDs) injection...
April 18, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678766/in-silico-toxicology-protocols
#13
Glenn J Myatt, Ernst Ahlberg, Yumi Akahori, David Allen, Alexander Amberg, Lennart T Anger, Aynur Aptula, Scott Auerbach, Lisa Beilke, Phillip Bellion, Romualdo Benigni, Joel Bercu, Ewan D Booth, Dave Bower, Alessandro Brigo, Natalie Burden, Zoryana Cammerer, Mark T D Cronin, Kevin P Cross, Laura Custer, Magdalena Dettwiler, Krista Dobo, Kevin A Ford, Marie C Fortin, Samantha E Gad-McDonald, Nichola Gellatly, Véronique Gervais, Kyle P Glover, Susanne Glowienke, Jacky Van Gompel, Steve Gutsell, Barry Hardy, James S Harvey, Jedd Hillegass, Masamitsu Honma, Jui-Hua Hsieh, Chia-Wen Hsu, Kathy Hughes, Candice Johnson, Robert Jolly, David Jones, Ray Kemper, Michelle O Kenyon, Marlene T Kim, Naomi L Kruhlak, Sunil A Kulkarni, Klaus Kümmerer, Penny Leavitt, Bernhard Majer, Scott Masten, Scott Miller, Janet Moser, Moiz Mumtaz, Wolfgang Muster, Louise Neilson, Tudor I Oprea, Grace Patlewicz, Alexandre Paulino, Elena Lo Piparo, Mark Powley, Donald P Quigley, M Vijayaraj Reddy, Andrea-Nicole Richarz, Patricia Ruiz, Benoit Schilter, Rositsa Serafimova, Wendy Simpson, Lidiya Stavitskaya, Reinhard Stidl, Diana Suarez-Rodriguez, David T Szabo, Andrew Teasdale, Alejandra Trejo-Martin, Jean-Pierre Valentin, Anna Vuorinen, Brian A Wall, Pete Watts, Angela T White, Joerg Wichard, Kristine L Witt, Adam Woolley, David Woolley, Craig Zwickl, Catrin Hasselgren
The present publication surveys several applications of in silico (i.e., computational) toxicology approaches across different industries and institutions. It highlights the need to develop standardized protocols when conducting toxicity-related predictions. This contribution articulates the information needed for protocols to support in silico predictions for major toxicological endpoints of concern (e.g., genetic toxicity, carcinogenicity, acute toxicity, reproductive toxicity, developmental toxicity) across several industries and regulatory bodies...
April 17, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678061/personalised-care-plan-management-utilizing-guideline-driven-clinical-decision-support-systems
#14
Gokce Banu Laleci Erturkmen, Mustafa Yuksel, Bunyamin Sarigul, Mikael Lilja, Rong Chen, Theodoros N Arvanitis
Older age is associated with an increased accumulation of multiple chronic conditions. The clinical management of patients suffering from multiple chronic conditions is very complex, disconnected and time-consuming with the traditional care settings. Integrated care is a means to address the growing demand for improved patient experience and health outcomes of multimorbid and long-term care patients. Care planning is a prevalent approach of integrated care, where the aim is to deliver more personalized and targeted care creating shared care plans by clearly articulating the role of each provider and patient in the care process...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676488/a-falls-case-summary-application-of-the-public-health-nursing-intervention-wheel
#15
Patricia Leahy-Warren, Mary Rose Day, Lloyd Philpott, Kari Glavin, Edith Roth Gjevjon, Anne Kjersti Myhrene Steffenak, Live S Nordhagen, Hilde Egge, Elizabeth Healy, Helen Mulcahy
BACKGROUND: The Public Health Intervention Wheel (PHIW) is a population-based practice model that encompasses three levels of practice (community, systems, and individual/family) and 17 public health interventions. Each intervention and practice level contributes to improving population health. Public health nurses (PHNs) provide care at the three levels of practice. Prevention of falls is a public health issue and the majority of falls happen at home. Therefore, prevention and management of falls in the community could benefit from a public health systems approach by PHNs underpinned by the PHIW...
April 20, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674950/decoding-speech-with-integrated-hybrid-signals-recorded-from-the-human-ventral-motor-cortex
#16
Kenji Ibayashi, Naoto Kunii, Takeshi Matsuo, Yohei Ishishita, Seijiro Shimada, Kensuke Kawai, Nobuhito Saito
Restoration of speech communication for locked-in patients by means of brain computer interfaces (BCIs) is currently an important area of active research. Among the neural signals obtained from intracranial recordings, single/multi-unit activity (SUA/MUA), local field potential (LFP), and electrocorticography (ECoG) are good candidates for an input signal for BCIs. However, the question of which signal or which combination of the three signal modalities is best suited for decoding speech production remains unverified...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672112/word-length-set-size-and-lexical-factors-re-examining-what-causes-the-word-length-effect
#17
Dominic Guitard, Andrew J Gabel, Jean Saint-Aubin, Aimée M Surprenant, Ian Neath
The word length effect, better recall of lists of short (fewer syllables) than long (more syllables) words has been termed a benchmark effect of working memory. Despite this, experiments on the word length effect can yield quite different results depending on set size and stimulus properties. Seven experiments are reported that address these 2 issues. Experiment 1 replicated the finding of a preserved word length effect under concurrent articulation for large stimulus sets, which contrasts with the abolition of the word length effect by concurrent articulation for small stimulus sets...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670717/the-importance-of-the-posterior-joint-space-for-functional-mandibular-movements-a-laboratory-cross-sectional-study
#18
Cláudia-da Costa Cordeiro, Daniel-Humberto Pozza, Tadachi Tamaki, Antônio-Sérgio Guimarães
Background: The search for the ideal, healthy and reproducible position of the condyles is of utmost importance for dental diagnosis and treatment. Thus, the objective of this laboratory cross-sectional study was to verify the relationship between the posterior joint space and the mandibular lateral movements. Material and Methods: Dental casts from 15 women and 15 men with normal mastication, 28 natural teeth and no history of temporomandibular disorders or pain, were fabricated and mounted on a fully adjustable articulator...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670057/towards-improved-linkage-of-disaster-risk-reduction-and-climate-change-adaptation-in-health-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Nicola Banwell, Shannon Rutherford, Brendan Mackey, Cordia Chu
Climate change and climate-sensitive disasters significantly impact health. Linking Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) is essential for addressing these ever present, complex and increasing risks. Recent calls have been made to build these links in health. However, there is a need to clearly articulate why linking DRR and CCA is important in health. Furthermore, little is known about how DRR and CCA should be linked in health. By extensively examining relevant literature, this review presents the current state of knowledge of linking DRR and CCA in health...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669638/primary-nursing-a-call-for-clarity-empowerment-and-accountability
#20
Shirley Ruch
Registered nurses' (RNs') unique educational preparation, skills, scope of practice, and relationship with those we serve must be articulated and honored. The Primary Nursing care delivery model gives practical, functional life to the relationship of professional trust between RNs and their patients.
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
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