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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102637/american-geriatrics-society-policy-priorities-for-new-administration-and-115-th-congress
#1
Nancy E Lundebjerg, Peter Hollmann, Michael L Malone
In a recent letter sent to then President-Elect Trump and to Senate and House leaders, the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) addressed federal programs and policies that are important to the health, independence, and quality of life of older Americans and their families. This paper is a statement of the Society's core policy priorities and the Society's positions on federal programs and policies that support older Americans as articulated to the new administration. The AGS is committed to leveraging its expertise to inform regulatory and legislative policy proposals...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102620/when-does-speech-sound-disorder-matter-for-literacy-the-role-of-disordered-speech-errors-co-occurring-language-impairment-and-family-risk-of-dyslexia
#2
Marianna E Hayiou-Thomas, Julia M Carroll, Ruth Leavett, Charles Hulme, Margaret J Snowling
BACKGROUND: This study considers the role of early speech difficulties in literacy development, in the context of additional risk factors. METHOD: Children were identified with speech sound disorder (SSD) at the age of 3½ years, on the basis of performance on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology. Their literacy skills were assessed at the start of formal reading instruction (age 5½), using measures of phoneme awareness, word-level reading and spelling; and 3 years later (age 8), using measures of word-level reading, spelling and reading comprehension...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101969/low-trabecular-bone-density-in-recent-sedentary-modern-humans
#3
Habiba Chirchir, Christopher B Ruff, Juho-Antti Junno, Richard Potts
OBJECTIVES: Research on a limited number of samples suggests that trabecular bone density (i.e., bone volume fraction, BVF) within specific articulations is lower among more sedentary Holocene agricultural populations compared with Holocene foragers, implying that activity levels have a significant effect on trabecular BVF. However, it is unclear to what extent BVF differs among groups with varying activity levels and how general this phenomenon is across multiple limb articulations. Here, we test two hypotheses that: (i) sedentary populations have lower BVF compared with active populations across limb articulations; and (ii) these declines are more uniform in the lower limb (because of its more direct relationship to mobility), and more variable in the upper limb...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101650/speech-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease-early-diagnostics-and-effects-of-medication-and-brain-stimulation
#4
REVIEW
L Brabenec, J Mekyska, Z Galaz, Irena Rektorova
Hypokinetic dysarthria (HD) occurs in 90% of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. It manifests specifically in the areas of articulation, phonation, prosody, speech fluency, and faciokinesis. We aimed to systematically review papers on HD in PD with a special focus on (1) early PD diagnosis and monitoring of the disease progression using acoustic voice and speech analysis, and (2) functional imaging studies exploring neural correlates of HD in PD, and (3) clinical studies using acoustic analysis to evaluate effects of dopaminergic medication and brain stimulation...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099106/costing-in-radiology-and-health-care-rationale-relativity-rudiments-and-realities
#5
Geoffrey D Rubin
Costs direct decisions that influence the effectiveness of radiology in the care of patients on a daily basis. Yet many radiologists struggle to harness the power of cost measurement and cost management as a critical path toward establishing their value in patient care. When radiologists cannot articulate their value, they risk losing control over how imaging is delivered and supported. In the United States, recent payment trends directing value-based payments for bundles of care advance the imperative for radiology providers to articulate their value...
February 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098574/new-developments-in-robotics-and-single-site-gynecologic-surgery
#6
Catherine A Matthews
Within the last 10 years there have been significant advances in minimal-access surgery. Although no emerging technology has demonstrated improved outcomes or fewer complications than standard laparoscopy, the introduction of the robotic surgical platform has significantly lowered abdominal hysterectomy rates. While operative time and cost were higher in robotic-assisted procedures when the technology was first introduced, newer studies demonstrate equivalent or improved robotic surgical efficiency with increased experience...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097117/cobalt-intoxication-heart-failure-after-revision-total-hip-replacement-for-ceramic-head-fracture-a-case-report
#7
Chul-Ho Kim, Young Hyun Choi, Mi Yeon Jeong, Jae Suk Chang, Pil Whan Yoon
In 1960s, toxic heart failure due to cobalt poisoning was firstly reported from Canadian industrial worker. Following development of bearing materials in hip arthroplasties, using cobalt-chrome alloy in bearing surface, there were rarely reported of systemic affect toxic cobaltism include toxic heart failure due to articulation wear in Western countries. It could be happened more easily by third body wear from ceramic particle especially revision total hip replacement (THR) surgery using cobalt-chrome alloy following ceramic articulation breakage which index surgery performed by ceramic on ceramic bearing...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095762/a-moral-profession
#8
Roger Newham, Louise Terry, Siobhan Atherley, Sinead Hahessy, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Marilyn Evans, Karen Ferguson, Graham Carr, S H Cedar
BACKGROUND: Lack of compassion is claimed to result in poor and sometimes harmful nursing care. Developing strategies to encourage compassionate caring behaviours are important because there is evidence to suggest a connection between having a moral orientation such as compassion and resulting caring behaviour in practice. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to articulate a clearer understanding of compassionate caring via nurse educators' selection and use of published texts and film...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094558/the-arts-and-health-communication-in-uganda-a-light-under-the-table
#9
Jill Sonke, Virginia Pesata, Venny Nakazibwe, Jude Ssenyonjo, Robert Lloyd, Danielle Espino, Mia Nieves, Samantha Khandakji, Phillip Hahn, Maria Kerrigan
This qualitative interview study brings the voices of 27 public health leaders, health communication experts, and artists who work in public health in Uganda together to articulate the principles and practices that make the country a shining example of effective, evidence-based use of the arts for health communication. The specific aim of the study was to identify best practices, theoretical foundations, and other factors that contribute to the success of arts-based health communication campaigns in Uganda...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093883/consumers-in-mental-health-service-leadership-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Brett Scholz, Sarah Gordon, Brenda Happell
Contemporary mental health policies call for greater involvement of mental health service consumers in all aspects and at all levels of service planning, delivery, and evaluation. The extent to which consumers are part of the decision-making function of mental health organizations varies. This systematic review synthesizes empirical and review studies published in peer-reviewed academic journals relating to consumers in leadership roles within mental health organizations. The Cochrane Library, Medline, and PsycINFO were searched for articles specifically analysing and discussing consumers' mental health service leadership...
February 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093751/the-emergence-of-the-ecological-mind-in-hua-yen-kegon-buddhism-and-jungian-psychology
#11
Joe Cambray
The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung's explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung's Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093348/caudally-directed-inferior-facetal-and-transfacetal-screws-for-c1-c2-and-c1-2-3-fixation
#12
Atul Goel
An alternative caudally directed C2 inferior facetal screw is described. Such screw insertion can form the axial stabilization point in cases undergoing atlantoaxial lateral mass plate/rod and screw fixation and those undergoing C1-2and C1-2-3 spinal fixation. The C2 screw courses from the medial point of pedicle-laminar junction and travels caudally and laterally towards the C2-3 articulation. Deploying a longer screw that traverses in a transarticular fashion into the facetal mass of C3 vertebra one can perform C1-2-3 stabilization...
January 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093261/experimental-evaluation-of-a-new-morphological-approximation-of-the-articular-surfaces-of-the-ankle-joint
#13
Claudio Belvedere, Sorin Siegler, Andrea Ensini, Jason Toy, Paolo Caravaggi, Ramya Namani, Giulia Giannini, Stefano Durante, Alberto Leardini
The mechanical characteristics of the ankle such as its kinematics and load transfer properties are influenced by the geometry of the articulating surfaces. A recent, image-based study found that these surfaces can be approximated by a saddle-shaped, skewed, truncated cone with its apex oriented laterally. The goal of this study was to establish a reliable experimental technique to study the relationship between the geometry of the articular surfaces of the ankle and its mobility and stability characteristics and to use this technique to determine if morphological approximations of the ankle surfaces based on recent discoveries, produce close to normal behavior...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092296/qualitative-analysis-of-parental-observations-on-quality-of-life-in-australian-children-with-down-syndrome
#14
Nada Murphy, Amy Epstein, Helen Leonard, Elise Davis, Dinah Reddihough, Andrew Whitehouse, Peter Jacoby, Jenny Bourke, Katrina Williams, Jenny Downs
OBJECTIVE: There are many challenges to health, functioning, and participation for children with Down syndrome; yet, the quality-of-life (QOL) domains important for this group have never been clearly articulated. This study investigated parental observations to identify QOL domains in children with Down syndrome and determined whether domains differed between children and adolescents. METHODS: The sample comprised 17 families whose child with Down syndrome was aged 6 to 18 years...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091278/brief-activity-performance-measure-for-upper-limb-amputees-bam-ula
#15
Linda Resnik, Matthew Borgia, Frantzy Acluche
BACKGROUND: Measures of activity performance for adults with upper limb amputation are needed. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the measurement properties of a new measure of activity performance for adults with upper limb amputation, which we call the Brief Activity Measure for Upper Limb Amputees (BAM-ULA) and to compare BAM-ULA scores for users of different types of prostheses. METHODS: In all, 35 persons with upper limb amputation were administered the BAM-ULA, twice within 1 week...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090416/post-traumatic-arthritis-of-the-tarsometatarsal-joint-complex-a-case-report
#16
Chirag Kapoor, Amit Patel, Maulik Jhaveri, Paresh Golwala
Tarsometatarsal (TMT) arthritis is characterized by instability and pain in the foot. The commonest cause is post-traumatic arthritis. A Lisfranc injury involves the articulation between the medial cuneiform and the base of the second metatarsal, which is considered a keystone to midfoot integrity. Neglected or undertreated injury to the Lisfranc joint complex leads to secondary arthritis and significant disability. We present a case of a young male patient with a two-year-old neglected Lisfranc joint injury and secondary osteoarthritis of the first, second, and fourth TMT joints, which we treated surgically with arthrodesis using screws, with a good functional outcome on final follow-up...
December 9, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090095/academic-freedom-should-be-redefined-point-and-counterpoint
#17
Tonja M Woods, W Renee' Acosta, Eunice P Chung, Arthur G Cox, George A Garcia, Jamie Ridley Klucken, Marie Chisholm-Burns
As part of the 2014-15 Academic Leadership Fellows Program, the cohort teams presented debates on topics relevant to academic pharmacy at a public forum during the 2015 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Interim Meeting. The topic of one of the debates was "Academic Freedom Should Be Redefined." The "point" of the debate focused on important issues such as the fundamental definition of academic freedom as it was written in the 1940 American Association of University Professors' Statement and the need for redefinition as a consequence of many misunderstandings and misinterpretations that have arisen over time...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089512/paleozoic-nymphal-wing-pads-support-dual-model-of-insect-wing-origins
#18
Jakub Prokop, Martina Pecharová, André Nel, Thomas Hörnschemeyer, Ewa Krzemińska, Wiesław Krzemiński, Michael S Engel
The appearance of wings in insects, early in their evolution [1], has been one of the more critical innovations contributing to their extraordinary diversity. Despite the conspicuousness and importance of wings, the origin of these structures has been difficult to resolve and represented one of the "abominable mysteries" in evolutionary biology [2]. More than a century of debate has boiled the matter down to two competing alternatives-one of wings representing an extension of the thoracic notum, the other stating that they are appendicular derivations from the lateral body wall...
January 9, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089326/mechanical-response-of-common-millet-panicum-miliaceum-seeds-under-quasi-static-compression-experiments-and-modeling
#19
Benjamin P J Hasseldine, Chao Gao, Joseph M Collins, Hyun-Do Jung, Tae-Sik Jang, Juha Song, Yaning Li
The common millet (Panicum miliaceum) seedcoat has a fascinating complex microstructure, with jigsaw puzzle-like epidermis cells articulated via wavy intercellular sutures to form a compact layer to protect the kernel inside. However, little research has been conducted on linking the microstructure details with the overall mechanical response of this interesting biological composite. To this end, an integrated experimental-numerical-analytical investigation was conducted to both characterize the microstructure and ascertain the microscale mechanical properties and to test the overall response of kernels and full seeds under macroscale quasi-static compression...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088039/read-my-lips-visual-speech-influences-word-processing-in-infants
#20
Drew Weatherhead, Katherine S White
What do infants hear when they read lips? In the present study, twelve-to-thirteen-month-old infants viewed a talking face produce familiar and unfamiliar words. The familiar words were of three types: in Experiment 1, they were produced correctly (e.g., "bottle"); in Experiment 2, infants saw and heard mispronunciations in which the altered phoneme either visually resembled the original phoneme (visually consistent, e.g. "pottle"), or did not visually resemble the original phoneme (visually inconsistent, e...
January 11, 2017: Cognition
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