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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457554/complexity-of-articulation-planning-in-apraxia-of-speech-the-limits-of-phoneme-based-approaches
#1
Wolfram Ziegler
This report presents evidence suggesting that the phoneme-based approach taken by Romani, Galuzzi, Guariglia, and Goslin (Comparing phoneme frequency, age of acquisition, and loss in aphasia: Implications for phonological universals. Cognitive Neuropsychology, this issue) falls short of capturing the complexity of articulation planning in patients with apraxia of speech. Empirical and modelling data are reported to demonstrate that the apraxic pathomechanism resides in the hierarchical architecture of phonological words rather than in the context-independent properties of phonemes...
October 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457295/-something-that-happens-at-home-and-stays-at-home-an-exploration-of-the-lived-experience-of-young-carers-in-western-australia
#2
Emma McDougall, Moira O'Connor, Joel Howell
There are approximately 350,000 young carers in Australia, yet their experience is not well understood. Young carers face adversities and disenfranchisement by being a young person in a caring role, and the role can affect other areas of their lives. We explored the lived experiences of young carers, aged 14-25 years (N = 13), from Western Australia through in-depth semi-structured interviews. A phenomenological approach was adopted. A thematic analysis of the transcribed interview data revealed four key themes...
February 19, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456892/under-the-armor-x-ray-computed-tomographic-reconstruction-of-the-internal-skeleton-of-coahomasuchus-chathamensis-archosauria-aetosauria-from-the-upper-triassic-of-north-carolina-usa-and-a-phylogenetic-analysis-of-aetosauria
#3
Devin K Hoffman, Andrew B Heckert, Lindsay E Zanno
Aetosauria is a clade of heavily armored, quadrupedal omnivorous to herbivorous archosaurs known from the Late Triassic across what was the supercontinent of Pangea. Their abundance in many deposits relative to the paucity of other Triassic herbivores indicates that they were key components of Late Triassic ecosystems. However, their evolutionary relationships remain contentious due, in large part, to their extensive dermal armor, which often obstructs observation of internal skeletal anatomy and limits access to potentially informative characters...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455759/a-national-collaborative-for-building-the-field-of-childhood-obesity-research
#4
(no author information available yet)
Rising rates of childhood obesity over the past 2 decades have spurred a number of public- and private-sector initiatives aimed at halting or even reversing this trend. Recognizing common interests in this issue, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation began conversations about creating a formal collaboration aimed at accelerating efforts to address childhood obesity by coordinating research agendas and providing support for evidence-building activities. The National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) was launched in February 2009, and the U...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455247/long-term-experiences-of-pain-after-a-fragility-fracture
#5
A Gheorghita, F Webster, S Thielke, J E M Sale
Little is known about long-term pain after a fragility fracture. In this secondary analysis, we determined that pain continues to influence many patients' lives more than 1 year after a fracture and that health care providers do not seem to adequately recognize or manage these long-term consequences. INTRODUCTION: We characterized perspectives on long-term pain among men and women who had sustained a fragility fracture. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of qualitative data from 67 individuals recruited in three primary studies (47-89 years old; 55 women, 12 men)...
February 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455168/experiences-of-australian-men-diagnosed-with-advanced-prostate-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#6
Suzanne K Chambers, Melissa K Hyde, Kirstyn Laurie, Melissa Legg, Mark Frydenberg, Ian D Davis, Anthony Lowe, Jeff Dunn
OBJECTIVE: To explore men's lived experience of advanced prostate cancer (PCa) and preferences for support. DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative study applying open-ended surveys and interviews conducted between June and November 2016. Interviews audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim and analysed from an interpretive phenomenological perspective. SETTING: Australia, nation-wide. PARTICIPANTS: 39 men diagnosed with advanced PCa (metastatic or castration-resistant biochemical regression) were surveyed with 28 men subsequently completing a semistructured in depth telephone interview...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452055/feeling-an-invisible-wall-the-experience-of-iranian-women-s-marital-relationship-after-surgical-menopause-a-qualitative-content-analysis-study
#7
Om Salimeh Roudi Rasht Abadi, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Batool Tirgari, Nahid Dehaghan Nayeri, Masoud Rayyani
Sexual relationship after surgical menopause matters when talking about sex is taboo and marriage is the only justified way to meet sexual needs. In this qualitative research approach 22 surgical menopausal women shared their experiences of sexual/ marital relationship after surgery through in-depth, face-to-face and semi-structured interviews. Qualitative content analysis technique was used for data analysis. An overarching theme entitled "feeling an invisible wall" reflected this experience. It comprised of three categories: 1) Declined marital intimacy, 2) Disarming, and 3) Transformation of social norms into concerns...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449966/raman-spectroscopic-imaging-for-quantification-of-depth-dependent-and-local-heterogeneities-in-native-and-engineered-cartilage
#8
M B Albro, M S Bergholt, J P St-Pierre, A Vinals Guitart, H M Zlotnick, E G Evita, M M Stevens
Articular cartilage possesses a remarkable, mechanically-robust extracellular matrix (ECM) that is organized and distributed throughout the tissue to resist physiologic strains and provide low friction during articulation. The ability to characterize the make-up and distribution of the cartilage ECM is critical to both understand the process by which articular cartilage undergoes disease-related degeneration and to develop novel tissue repair strategies to restore tissue functionality. However, the ability to quantitatively measure the spatial distribution of cartilage ECM constituents throughout the tissue has remained a major challenge...
2018: NPJ Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449652/serious-concerns-about-the-general-dental-council-s-performance-and-its-direction-of-travel
#9
J Renshaw
There should be tension between a profession and its regulator, it would be odd if it were not so, but the level of concern that has been articulated recently by some high profile commentators about that relationship has been well beyond what I would describe as tension. In this piece I attempt to contextualise my personal observations and comments on what is rapidly becoming a serious concern among those few of us who have had to deal with the profession: regulator interface at the highest level.
February 16, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447948/roles-of-ihh-signaling-in-chondroprogenitor-function-in-postnatal-condylar-cartilage
#10
Naito Kurio, Cheri Saunders, Till E Bechtold, Imad Salhab, Hyun-Duck Nah, Sayantani Sinha, Paul C Billings, Maurizio Pacifici, Eiki Koyama
Condylar articular cartilage in mouse temporomandibular joint develops from progenitor cells near the articulating surface that proliferate, undergo chondrogenesis and mature into hypertrophic chondrocytes. However, it remains unclear how these processes are regulated, particularly postnatally. Here we focused on the apical polymorphic layer rich in progenitors and asked whether the phenotype and fate of the cells require signaling by Indian hedgehog (Ihh) previously studied in developing long bones. In condyles in newborn mice, the apical polymorphic/progenitor cell layer was ~10 cell layer-thick and expressed the articular matrix marker Tenascin-C (Tn-C), and the underlying thick cell layer expressed Tn-C as well as the chondrogenic master regulator Sox9...
February 12, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447753/kinematics-of-the-anthropoid-os-centrale-and-the-functional-consequences-of-scaphoid-centrale-fusion-in-african-apes-and-hominins
#11
Caley M Orr
In most primates, the os centrale is interposed between the scaphoid, trapezoid, trapezium, and head of the capitate, thus constituting a component of the wrist's midcarpal complex. Scaphoid-centrale fusion is among the clearest morphological synapomorphies of African apes and hominins. Although it might facilitate knuckle-walking by increasing the rigidity and stability of the radial side of the wrist, the exact functional significance of scaphoid-centrale fusion is unclear. If fusion acts to produce a more rigid radial wrist that stabilizes the hand and limits shearing stresses, then in taxa with a free centrale, it should anchor ligaments that check extension and radial deviation, but exhibit motion independent of the scaphoid...
January 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446471/randomized-clinical-trial-of-patient-satisfaction-with-traditional-and-simplified-complete-dentures
#12
Mauricio Lira-Oetiker, Fernando Seguel-Galdames, Isaac Quero-Vallejos, Sergio E Uribe
AIM: To clinically evaluate the patient satisfaction and associated costs of dentures made using a simplified procedure that eliminates assembly on the articulator and dentures made with the conventional technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-blind randomized clinical trial. Forty edentulous patients were randomly divided into two groups. One group received dentures made using the conventional method (CG) and the other using a simplified technique (SG) that omits the use of functional impressions (with modeling compound and ZOE impression paste) and an articulator to assemble the models...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446250/how-do-small-groups-promote-behaviour-change-an-integrative-conceptual-review-of-explanatory-mechanisms
#13
Aleksandra J Borek, Charles Abraham
BACKGROUND: Small groups are used to promote health, well-being, and personal change by altering members' perceptions, beliefs, expectations, and behaviour patterns. An extensive cross-disciplinary literature has articulated and tested theories explaining how such groups develop, function, and facilitate change. Yet these theoretical understandings are rarely applied in the development, description, and evaluation of health-promotion, group-based, behaviour-change interventions. METHODS: Medline database, library catalogues, search engines, specific journals and reference lists were searched for relevant texts...
February 15, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445122/deep-phenotyping-of-speech-and-language-skills-in-individuals-with-16p11-2-deletion
#14
Cristina Mei, Evelina Fedorenko, David J Amor, Amber Boys, Caitlyn Hoeflin, Peter Carew, Trent Burgess, Simon E Fisher, Angela T Morgan
Recurrent deletions of a ~600-kb region of 16p11.2 have been associated with a highly penetrant form of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Yet prior findings have been based on a small, potentially biased sample using retrospectively collected data. We examine the prevalence of CAS in a larger cohort of individuals with 16p11.2 deletion using a prospectively designed assessment battery. The broader speech and language phenotype associated with carrying this deletion was also examined. 55 participants with 16p11...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443818/resection-of-a-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-proximal-aspect-of-the-radius-with-osteoarticular-allograft-reconstruction-a-case-report
#15
Suresh K Nayar, Eric J Dein, Andrea M Spiker, Johnathan A Bernard, Bashir A Zikria, Kristy L Weber
CASE: Giant-cell tumors are locally aggressive osteolytic benign tumors that are characterized by multinucleated giant cells. Recurrence rates are ≤30% after curettage and <5% after resection, but reconstruction can be difficult. We describe an osteoarticular allograft reconstruction of the proximal aspect of the radius in a 23-year-old man after resection of a giant-cell tumor. CONCLUSION: Five months after surgery, the patient had satisfactory joint articulation, range of motion, and strength, with no signs of hardware or graft failure...
February 14, 2018: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443691/the-effect-of-emotion-on-articulation-rate-in-persistence-and-recovery-of-childhood-stuttering
#16
Aysu Erdemir, Tedra A Walden, Caswell M Jefferson, Dahye Choi, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: This study investigated the possible association of emotional processes and articulation rate in pre-school age children who stutter and persist (persisting), children who stutter and recover (recovered) and children who do not stutter (nonstuttering). METHODS: The participants were ten persisting, ten recovered, and ten nonstuttering children between the ages of 3-5 years; who were classified as persisting, recovered, or nonstuttering approximately 2-2...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439425/inappropriate-use-of-medication-by-elderly-polymedicated-or-multipathological-patients-with-chronic-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Virtudes Pérez-Jover, José J Mira, Concepción Carratala-Munuera, Vicente F Gil-Guillen, Josep Basora, Adriana López-Pineda, Domingo Orozco-Beltrán
The growth of the aging population leads to the increase of chronic diseases, of the burden of multimorbility, and of the complexity polypharmacy. The prevalence of medication errors rises in patients with polypharmacy in primary care, and this is a major concern to healthcare systems. This study reviews the published literature on the inappropriate use of medicines in order to articulate recommendations on how to reduce it in chronic patients, particularly in those who are elderly, polymedicated, or multipathological...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439392/the-uncertain-geographic-context-problem-in-the-analysis-of-the-relationships-between-obesity-and-the-built-environment-in-guangzhou
#18
Pengxiang Zhao, Mei-Po Kwan, Suhong Zhou
Traditionally, static units of analysis such as administrative units are used when studying obesity. However, using these fixed contextual units ignores environmental influences experienced by individuals in areas beyond their residential neighborhood and may render the results unreliable. This problem has been articulated as the uncertain geographic context problem (UGCoP). This study investigates the UGCoP through exploring the relationships between the built environment and obesity based on individuals' activity space...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439086/using-photography-to-enhance-gp-trainees-reflective-practice-and-professional-development
#19
Rutherford, Emer Forde, Jacqueline Priego-Hernandez, Aurelia Butcher, Clare Wedderburn
The capacity and the commitment to reflect are integral to the practice of medicine and are core components of most general practitioners (GP) training programmes. Teaching through the humanities is a growing area within medical education, but one which is often considered a voluntary 'add-on' for the interested doctor. This article describes an evaluation of a highly innovative pedagogical project which used photography as a means to enhance GP trainees' reflective capacity, self-awareness and professional development...
February 8, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438566/a-theoretical-model-of-resource-oriented-music-therapy-with-informal-hospice-caregivers-during-pre-bereavement
#20
Noah Potvin, Joke Bradt, Claire Ghetti
Background: Over the past decade, caregiver pre-bereavement has received increased scholarly and clinical attention across multiple healthcare fields. Pre-bereavement represents a nascent area for music therapy to develop best practices in and an opportunity to establish clinical relevancy in the interdisciplinary team. Objective: This study was an exploratory inquiry into the role of music therapy with pre-bereaved informal hospice caregivers. This study intended to articulate (a) what pre-bereavement needs are present for informal hospice caregivers, (b) which of those needs were addressed in music, and (c) the process by which music therapy addressed those needs...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
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