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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243586/symptomatic-lumbosacral-transitional-vertebra-a-review-of-the-current-literature-and-clinical-outcomes-following-steroid-injection-or-surgical-intervention
#1
Emil Kongsted Holm, Cody Bünger, Casper Bindzus Foldager
Bertolotti's syndrome (BS) refers to the possible association between the congenital malformation lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV), and low back pain (LBP). Several treatments have been proposed including steroid injections, resections of the LSTV, laminectomy, and lumbar spinal fusion. The aim of this review was to compare the clinical outcomes in previous trials and case reports for these treatments in patients with LBP and LSTV. A PubMed search was conducted. We included English studies of patients diagnosed with LSTV treated with steroid injection, laminectomy, spinal fusion or resection of the transitional articulation...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242820/establishing-a-live-cartilage-on-cartilage-interface-for-tribological-testing
#2
Robert L Trevino, Jonathan Stoia, Michel P Laurent, Carol A Pacione, Susan Chubinskaya, Markus A Wimmer
Mechano-biochemical wear encompasses the tribological interplay between biological and mechanical mechanisms responsible for cartilage wear and degradation. The aim of this study was to develop and start validating a novel tribological testing system, which better resembles the natural joint environment through incorporating a live cartilage-on-cartilage articulating interface, joint specific kinematics, and the application of controlled mechanical stimuli for the measurement of biological responses in order to study the mechano-biochemical wear of cartilage...
March 2017: Biotribology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242456/taxonomic-status-of-i-parotia-i-i-berlepschi-i-kleinschmidt-1897-based-on-analysis-of-external-appearance-voice-and-behavior-aves-paradisaeidae
#3
Edwin Scholes, Bruce M Beehler, Timothy G Laman
Described from trade-skins of unknown origins, Parotia berlepschi Kleinschmidt, 1897 was the subject of a longstanding ornithological mystery that remained unresolved for well over a century. With few specimens and no known wild population, most taxonomic assessments over the last century have treated P. berlepschi as a subspecies of Parotia carolae Meyer, 1894. Following discovery of its geographical home in 2005, most authorities returned to giving P. berlepschi full species status. However, evidence supporting the delineation of P...
October 10, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241997/quadrilateral-plate-fractures-of-the-acetabulum-proposition-for-a-novel-classification-system
#4
Walid A ElNahal, Mahmoud Abdel Karim, Sherif A Khaled, Ahmed Hazem Abdelazeem, Hazem Abdelazeem
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no definition or classification system for quadrilateral plate (QLP) fractures; the aim was to anatomically and radiologically characterise the QLP, propose a definition and classify QLP fractures. METHODS: This study included an anatomical component and a radiological component. The anatomical study aimed at defining the characteristics of the QLP; the QLP was identified using four articulating bony pelvis specimens. A titanium mesh was placed on the specimens' quadrilateral surface; standard anteroposterior and oblique views were obtained, and axial CT images, to determine the radiological landmarks...
December 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238964/reading-comprehension-difficulties-in-children-with-rolandic-epilepsy
#5
Nicola K Currie, Adina R Lew, Tom M Palmer, Helen Basu, Christian De Goede, Anand Iyer, Kate Cain
AIM: Difficulties in reading comprehension can arise from either word reading or listening comprehension difficulties, or a combination of the two. We sought to determine whether children with rolandic epilepsy had poor reading comprehension relative to typically developing comparison children, and whether such difficulties were associated with word reading and/or general language comprehension difficulties. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, children with rolandic epilepsy (n=25; 16 males, 9 females; mean age 9y 1mo, SD 1y 7mo) and a comparison group (n=39; 25 males, 14 females; mean age 9y 1mo, SD 1y 3mo) completed assessments of reading comprehension, listening comprehension, word/non-word reading, speech articulation, and Non-verbal IQ...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237237/clinical-judgement-in-the-era-of-big-data-and-predictive-analytics
#6
Benjamin Chin-Yee, Ross Upshur
Clinical judgement is a central and longstanding issue in the philosophy of medicine which has generated significant interest over the past few decades. In this article, we explore different approaches to clinical judgement articulated in the literature, focusing in particular on data-driven, mathematical approaches which we contrast with narrative, virtue-based approaches to clinical reasoning. We discuss the tension between these different clinical epistemologies and further explore the implications of big data and machine learning for a philosophy of clinical judgement...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236903/ultrasound-analysis-of-tongue-contour-for-the-sound-j-in-adults-and-children
#7
Luciana da Silva Barberena, Simone Nicolini de Simoni, Rosalina Correa Sobrinho de Souza, Denis Altieri de Oliveira Moraes, Larissa Cristina Berti, Márcia Keske-Soares
PURPOSE: Analyze and compare the mean tongue contours and articulatory gestures in the production of the sound [j] in adults and children with typical and atypical speech development. The children with atypical development presented speech sound disorders. METHODS: The diagnosis was determined by speech assessments. The study sample was composed of 90 individuals divided into three groups: 30 adults with typical speech development aged 19-44 years (AT), 30 children with typical speech development (CT), and 30 children with speech sound disorders, named as atypical in this study, aged four years to eight years and eleven months (CA)...
December 11, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236882/narratives-of-family-members-on-the-suicide-of-older-adults-in-an-amazonian-metropolis
#8
André Luis Sales da Costa, Maximiliano Loiola Ponte de Souza
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the narratives of family members on the suicide of older adults in Manaus, State of Amazonas, Brazil. METHODS: This is a qualitative study of the narratives of eight older adults, who committed suicide in the period of 2001-2012. In the analytic-interpretative process, we have tried to perform the hermeneutic double exercise: to interpret the interpretation of narrators. We have used as theoretical references authors who have investigated suicide from the perspective of gender and its correlations with the sociofamiliar context and with mental disorders...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236534/health-outcomes-and-costs-of-social-work-services-a-systematic-review
#9
Gail Steketee, Abigail M Ross, Madeline K Wachman
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce expensive health service utilization, contain costs, improve health outcomes, and address the social determinants of health require research that demonstrates the economic value of health services in population health across a variety of settings. Social workers are an integral part of the US health care system, yet the specific contributions of social work to health and cost-containment outcomes are unknown. The social work profession's person-in-environment framework and unique skillset, particularly around addressing social determinants of health, hold promise for improving health and cost outcomes...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236533/a-history-of-social-work-in-public-health
#10
Betty J Ruth, Jamie Wyatt Marshall
Social work is a core health profession with origins deeply connected to the development of contemporary public health in the United States. Today, many of the nation's 600 000 social workers practice broadly in public health and in other health settings, drawing on a century of experience in combining clinical, intermediate, and population approaches for greater health impact. Yet, the historic significance of this long-standing interdisciplinary collaboration-and its current implications-remains underexplored in the present era...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235202/three-dimensional-static-articulation-accuracy-of-virtual-models-part-i-system-trueness-and-precision
#11
Sophia Hui Xin Yee, Roxanna Jean Esguerra, Amelia Anya Qin'An Chew, Keng Mun Wong, Keson Beng Choon Tan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 3D static articulation accuracy of 3 model scanner-CAD systems (Ceramill Map400 [AG], inEos X5 [SIR], Scanner S600 Arti [ZKN]) using a coordinate measuring machine (CMM). Trueness and precision for each system will be reported in Part I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The master model simulated a single crown opposing a 3-unit fixed dental prosthesis. Five mounted stone cast sets were prepared, and one set was randomly selected. Reference values were obtained by measuring interarch and interocclusal reference features with the CMM...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234242/role-of-molecular-recognition-in-l-cystine-crystal-growth-inhibition
#12
Laura N Poloni, Zina Zhu, Nelson Garcia-Vázquez, Anthony C Yu, David M Connors, Longqin Hu, Amrik Sahota, Michael D Ward, Alexander G Shtukenberg
l-Cystine kidney stones-aggregates of single crystals of the hexagonal form of l-cystine-afflict more than 20 000 individuals in the United States alone. Current therapies are often ineffective and produce adverse side effects. Recognizing that the growth of l-cystine crystals is a critical step in stone pathogenesis, real-time in situ atomic force microscopy of growth on the (0001) face of l-cystine crystals and measurements of crystal growth anisotropy were performed in the presence of prospective inhibitors drawn from a 31-member library...
May 3, 2017: Crystal Growth & Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233521/the-elements-of-translational-chemical-biology
#13
REVIEW
Robert A Copeland, P Ann Boriack-Sjodin
A causal relationship between target activity modulation by small molecules and phenotypic consequence is the cornerstone of chemical biology and drug discovery. Here we articulate elements of translational chemical biology, as guideposts to ensure the appropriate use of chemical probes and the conclusions drawn from cellular studies with these molecules.
November 27, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232672/use-of-a-novel-device-to-assess-intraoral-and-intrapharyngeal-baropressure-during-sound-production
#14
Toshiki Sakuma, Masayuki Kurose, Keiichiro Okamoto, Mana Hasegawa, Noritaka Fujii, Yousuke Nakatani, Ritsuo Takagi, Taisuke Sato, Yasumitsu Kodama, Rei Ominato, Kensuke Yamamura, Yoshiaki Yamada
OBJECTIVE: We developed a novel device that simultaneously measures oral and intrapharyngeal baropressure. The transducer has the advantage that it can be placed in any region. We determined the effect of different speech samples on baropressure in these regions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven healthy individuals produced speech samples comprising vowels and consonants (e.g., /aka/, /apa/, and /ash/). Two transducers were installed into the experimental plate at the incisive papillae and center of the Ah-line; a third transducer was placed in the mid-pharyngeal cavity...
December 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230834/quantitative-examination-of-isometric-tongue-protrusion-forces-in-children-with-orofacial-dysfunctions-ofd-or-myofunctional-disorders
#15
Saskia Rohrbach, Friederike Buettner, Dörte Pollex, Philipp Mathmann, Leonie Weinhold, Robin Schubert, Ralf Reilmann
OBJECTIVES: Orofacial dysfunctions (OFD) or orofacial myofunctional disorders in children lead to severe problems in teeth and jaw position, articulation, chewing and swallowing. The forces of the tongue, the central muscle for articulation, chewing and swallowing is focused on in several studies. In this examination, isometric tongue protrusion forces (TPF) of children with OFD and controls were compared. METHODS: 30 participants with OFD and 30 controls were presented a target force level as a straight line on a monitor that they were supposed to match by generating an isometric tongue force for different target levels (0...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230411/rapid-analyses-of-polyetheretherketone-wear-characteristics-by-accelerated-wear-testing-with-microfabricated-surfaces-for-artificial-joint-systems
#16
Chen-Ying Su, Chien-Wei Kuo, Hsu-Wei Fang
Wear particle-induced biological responses are the major factors resulting in the loosening and then failure of total joint arthroplasties. It is feasible to improve the lubrication and reduce the wear of artificial joint system. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is considered as a potential bearing material due to its mechanical characteristics of resistance to fatigue strain. The PEEK wear particles have been indicated to be involved in biological responses in vitro, and further studies regarding the wear phenomena and wear particle generation are needed...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229399/the-malleus-cap-anatomic-description-of-cartilage-of-the-lateral-process-of-the-malleus
#17
Elias Michaelides, Ankit Kansal, Sara Rutter, Christopher A Schutt
PURPOSE: To anatomically describe a cartilaginous cap attached to the lateral process of the malleus. STUDY DESIGN: Histologic and gross anatomic review. METHODS: Twenty temporal bones were histologically reviewed. The anatomical relationship between the tympanic membrane and malleus was then defined at the level of the lateral process of the malleus and the long process of the malleus. Separately, gross evaluation of these levels at the macroscopic level was undertaken through endoscopic imaging in five subjects...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229223/genders-and-individual-treatment-progress-in-non-binary-trans-individuals
#18
Andreas Koehler, Jana Eyssel, Timo O Nieder
BACKGROUND: Health care for transgender and transsexual (ie, trans) individuals has long been based on a binary understanding of gender (ie, feminine vs masculine). However, the existence of non-binary or genderqueer (NBGQ) genders is increasingly recognized by academic and/or health care professionals. AIM: To gain insight into the individual health care experiences and needs of binary and NBGQ individuals to improve their health care outcomes and experience. METHODS: Data were collected using an online survey study on experiences with trans health care...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227844/back-to-the-core-a-network-approach-to-bolster-harm-reduction-among-persons-who-inject-drugs
#19
Martin Bouchard, Sadaf Hashimi, Kristen Tsai, Hugh Lampkin, Ehsan Jozaghi
BACKGROUND: Injecting drugs safely almost always includes the presence of one's social network, especially for the prevention of overdose. Yet, the systematic analysis of users' social networks has yet to be established as a focal method in harm reduction research, and interventions. METHODS: This study draws from 200 interviews with persons who inject drugs recruited from North America's first sanctioned supervised injection facility and a drug user's advocacy group...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227390/preparing-clinical-nurses-for-nursing-research-evaluation-of-training-procedures-in-a-palliative-care-pilot-study
#20
Gail Elaine Pittroff, Verna L Hendricks-Ferguson
The importance of academic nurse researchers partnering with clinical nurses for clinical research has been well articulated. A 4-hour training program designed to equip staff nurses to become fully engaged researchers in a palliative care end of life communication-focused research study resulted in enriched human caring skills and professional growth. Results indicate that the training (didactic lecture, group reflection, role-playing) was adequate to prepare the nurses to deliver the study protocol. Relevance for primary investigators, nurses, clinical institutions, those interested in partnered research, and professional growth are discussed...
January 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
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