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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222936/role-of-central-oxytocin-and-dopamine-systems-in-nociception-and-their-possible-interactions-suggested-hypotheses
#1
Mohammed Gamal-Eltrabily, Alfredo Manzano-García
Central oxytocin and dopamine have an important role in the process of nociception at the spinal level as well as supraspinal structures, e.g. anterior cingulate cortex, insular cortex, amygdala, nucleus accumbens, and hypothalamus. Many studies have pointed out the importance of both systems in the pain descending modulatory system and in pain-related symptoms in some chronic disorders, e.g. Parkinson disease and fibromyalgia. The interaction between oxytocin and dopamine systems has been addressed in some motivational behaviors, e...
December 9, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209804/efferents-of-anterior-cingulate-areas-24a-and-24b-and-midcingulate-areas-24a-and-24b-in-the-mouse
#2
Clémentine Fillinger, Ipek Yalcin, Michel Barrot, Pierre Veinante
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), constituted by areas 25, 32, 24a and 24b in rodents, plays a major role in cognition, emotion and pain. In a previous study, we described the afferents of areas 24a and 24b and those of areas 24a' and 24b' of midcingulate cortex (MCC) in mice and highlighted some density differences among cingulate inputs (Fillinger et al., Brain Struct Funct 222:1509-1532, 2017). To complete this connectome, we analyzed here the efferents of ACC and MCC by injecting anterograde tracers in areas 24a/24b of ACC and 24a'/24b' of MCC...
December 6, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186680/astrocytic-l-lactate-signaling-facilitates-amygdala-anterior-cingulate-cortex-synchrony-and-decision-making-in-rats
#3
Jun Wang, Jie Tu, Bing Cao, Li Mu, Xiangwei Yang, Mi Cong, Aruna S Ramkrishnan, Rosa H M Chan, Liping Wang, Ying Li
Human brain imaging studies have revealed the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) as a key brain region for mediating visceral-pain-cognitive interactions. Recently, we characterized impairments of long-term potentiation and spike-field coherence in the basolateral amygdala (BLA)-ACC network in association with a decision-making deficit in rats with visceral hypersensitivity (VH). Now, by combining integrative neurobiological approaches, we show that ACC-reactive astrogliosis and activity-dependent impairment of lactate release occur in VH rats...
November 28, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148060/gutsy-moves-the-amygdala-as-a-critical-node-in-microbiota-to-brain-signaling
#4
REVIEW
Caitlin S M Cowan, Alan E Hoban, Ana Paula Ventura-Silva, Timothy G Dinan, Gerard Clarke, John F Cryan
The amygdala is a key brain area regulating responses to stress and emotional stimuli, so improving our understanding of how it is regulated could offer novel strategies for treating disturbances in emotion regulation. As we review here, a growing body of evidence indicates that the gut microbiota may contribute to a range of amygdala-dependent brain functions from pain sensitivity to social behavior, emotion regulation, and therefore, psychiatric health. In addition, it appears that the microbiota is necessary for normal development of the amygdala at both the structural and functional levels...
November 17, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107660/hemispheric-differences-in-the-number-of-parvalbumin-positive-neurons-in-subdivisions-of-the-rat-basolateral-amygdala-complex
#5
Ryan K Butler, Elisabeth M Oliver, Jim R Fadel, Marlene A Wilson
The amygdala is a bilateral temporal lobe brain region which plays an important role in emotional processing. Past studies on the amygdala have shown hemispheric differences in amygdalar processes and responses associated with specific pain and fear behaviors. Despite the functional differences in the amygdala, few studies have been performed to characterize whether anatomical differences exist between the left and right amygdala. Parvalbumin (PV) is a phenotypic marker for an inhibitory interneuronal population in cortical brain structures such as the basolateral amygdala complex (BLC)...
October 28, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097595/determining-the-neural-substrate-for-encoding-a-memory-of-human-pain-and-the-influence-of-anxiety
#6
Ming-Tsung Tseng, Yazhuo Kong, Falk Eippert, Irene Tracey
To convert a painful stimulus into a briefly maintainable construct when the painful stimulus is no longer accessible is essential to guide human behavior and avoid dangerous situations. Due to the aversive nature of pain, this encoding process might be influenced by emotional aspects and could thus vary across individuals, but we have yet to understand both the basic underlying neural mechanisms as well as potential inter-individual differences. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in combination with a delayed-discrimination task in healthy volunteers of both sexes, we discovered that brain regions involved in this working memory encoding process were dissociable according to whether the to-be-remembered stimulus was painful or not, with the medial thalamus and the rostral anterior cingulate cortex encoding painful and the primary somatosensory cortex encoding non-painful stimuli...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071990/-effect-of-electroacupuncture-intervention-on-expression-of-synaptic-plasticity-related-molecules-in-amygdala-in-chronic-pain-negative-affection-rats
#7
Cheng-Lin Duanmu, Xiu-Mei Feng, Ya-Xia Yan, Jun-Ying Wang, Yong-Hui Gao, Li-Na Qiao, Shu-Ping Chen, Jian-Liang Zhang, Jun-Ling Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on expression of synaptic plasticity-related glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit NR 1, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor subunits (Aβ 2, B 1), etc. in the amygdala in chronic neuropathic pain negative affection (CNPPNA) rats, so as to reveal its mechanism underlying pain relief. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomized into normal control, CNPPNA model, EA, and anesthesia+EA (AEA)groups (n=14 in each group, 8 for quantitative RT-PCR and 6 for immunofluorescence staining)...
February 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976002/structural-co-variance-patterns-in-migraine-a-cross-sectional-study-exploring-the-role-of-the-hippocampus
#8
Catherine D Chong, Gina M Dumkrieger, Todd J Schwedt
OBJECTIVE: To interrogate hippocampal morphology and structural co-variance patterns in migraine patients and to investigate whether structural co-variance patterns relate to migraine disease characteristics. BACKGROUND: Migraine is associated with structural alterations in widespread cortical and subcortical regions associated with the sensory, cognitive, and affective components of pain processing. Recent studies have shown that migraine patients have differences in hippocampal structure and function relative to healthy control subjects, but whether hippocampal structure relates to disease characteristics including frequency of attacks, years lived with migraine and symptoms of allodynia remains unknown...
November 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971699/cgrp-receptor-antagonist-mk-8825-attenuates-cortical-spreading-depression-induced-pain-behavior
#9
Aslı Filiz, Nermin Tepe, Sajedeh Eftekhari, H Evren Boran, Ergin Dilekoz, Lars Edvinsson, Hayrunnisa Bolay
Background and objective The present study aimed to investigate the effects of selective calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist (MK-8825) on cortical spreading depression (CSD) induced pain behavior and anxiety in freely-moving rats, and neuronal activation in the correlated anatomical regions. Methods CSD was induced while keeping all meningeal layers and BBB intact and MK-8825 was administered in two different doses. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), arterial pressure and DC shift were recorded...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942595/oxytocin-signaling-in-pain-cellular-circuit-system-and-behavioral-levels
#10
Pierrick Poisbeau, Valery Grinevich, Alexandre Charlet
Originally confined to the initiation of parturition and milk ejection after birth, the hypothalamic nonapeptide oxytocin (OT) is now recognized as a critical determinant of social behavior and emotional processing. It accounts for the modulation of sensory processing and pain perception as OT displays a potent analgesic effect mediated by OT receptors (OTRs) expressed in the peripheral and central nervous systems. In our chapter, we will first systemically analyze known efferent and afferent OT neuron projections, which form the anatomical basis for OT modulation of somatosensory and pain processing...
September 24, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916300/distinct-neuronal-populations-in-the-basolateral-and-central-amygdala-are-activated-with-acute-pain-conditioned-fear-and-fear-conditioned-analgesia
#11
Ryan K Butler, Sarah Ehling, Megan Barbar, Jess Thomas, Mary A Hughes, Charles E Smith, Vladimir M Pogorelov, Dipendra K Aryal, William C Wetsel, B Duncan X Lascelles
Fear-conditioned analgesia (FCA) is modulated by brain areas involved in the descending inhibitory pain pathway such as the basolateral (BLA) and central amygdala (CEA). The BLA contains Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and parvalbumin (PV) neurons. CEA neurons are primarily inhibitory (GABAergic) that comprise enkephalin (ENK) interneurons and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) - neurons that project to the periaqueductal grey. The purpose of our experiment was to determine the pattern of activation of CaMKII/PV and ENK/CRF neurons following the expression of acute pain, conditioned fear, and FCA...
November 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913780/anxiolytic-like-effects-of-%C3%AE-asarone-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-pain
#12
Jiao Tian, Zhen Tian, Shu-Li Qin, Pu-Yu Zhao, Xun Jiang, Zhen Tian
α-asarone (ASR) is a major bioactive compound isolated from the rhizome of Acorus tatarinowii Schott and it has extensive biological effects. Clinically, anxiety disorder is a common comorbidity of chronic pain. However, limited information is available regarding the effects of ASR on chronic pain-related anxiety. This study aims to evaluate the anxiolytic effects of ASR in chronic pain mice. Chronic inflammatory pain was induced by hind-paw injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). Behavioral tests, western-blot analysis and whole-cell patch recordings were performed to evaluate the subsequent events...
December 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890702/a-pilot-study-of-the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-brain-response-to-traumatic-reminders-of-combat-in-operation-enduring-freedom-operation-iraqi-freedom-combat-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress
#13
James Douglas Bremner, Sanskriti Mishra, Carolina Campanella, Majid Shah, Nicole Kasher, Sarah Evans, Negar Fani, Amit Jasvant Shah, Collin Reiff, Lori L Davis, Viola Vaccarino, James Carmody
OBJECTIVE: Brain imaging studies in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have implicated a circuitry of brain regions including the medial prefrontal cortex, amygdala, hippocampus, parietal cortex, and insula. Pharmacological treatment studies have shown a reversal of medial prefrontal deficits in response to traumatic reminders. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a promising non-pharmacologic approach to the treatment of anxiety and pain disorders. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of MBSR on PTSD symptoms and brain response to traumatic reminders measured with positron-emission tomography (PET) in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) combat veterans with PTSD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867481/lesions-of-the-central-amygdala-and-ventromedial-medulla-reduce-bladder-hypersensitivity-produced-by-acute-but-not-chronic-foot-shock
#14
Alan Randich, Cary DeWitte, Jennifer J DeBerry, Meredith T Robbins, Timothy J Ness
Both acute and chronic stress has been shown to exacerbate symptoms of chronic visceral pain conditions such as interstitial cystitis. Studies using animal models support these findings in that both acute and chronic exposure to foot shock-induced stress (FS) augment nociceptive reflex responses to urinary bladder distension (UBD). Only a few studies have examined the neural substrates mediating these phenomena and it is not clear whether acute and chronic stress engage the same or different substrates to produce bladder hypersensitivity...
November 15, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866743/effects-of-oral-%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-on-the-cerebral-processing-of-olfactory-input-in-healthy-non-addicted-subjects
#15
Carmen Walter, Bruno G Oertel, Lisa Felden, Ulrike Nöth, Johannes Vermehren, Ralf Deichmann, Jörn Lötsch
BACKGROUND: Considering the increasing acknowledgment of the human sense of smell as a significant component of the quality of life, olfactory drug effects gain potential clinical importance. A recent observation in a human experimental context indicated that Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) impaired the subject's performance in olfactory tests. To further analyze the role of THC in human olfaction, the present report addresses its effects on the central processing of olfactory stimuli...
December 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852151/hypnotic-analgesia-reduces-brain-responses-to-pain-seen-in-others
#16
Claire Braboszcz, Edith Brandao-Farinelli, Patrik Vuilleumier
Brain responses to pain experienced by oneself or seen in other people show consistent overlap in the pain processing network, particularly anterior insula, supporting the view that pain empathy partly relies on neural processes engaged by self-nociception. However, it remains unresolved whether changes in one's own pain sensation may affect empathic responding to others' pain. Here we show that inducing analgesia through hypnosis leads to decreased responses to both self and vicarious experience of pain. Activations in the right anterior insula and amygdala were markedly reduced when participants received painful thermal stimuli following hypnotic analgesia on their own hand, but also when they viewed pictures of others' hand in pain...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833700/essential-role-of-endogenous-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-in-pain-associated-plasticity-in-the-central-amygdala
#17
Kei Shinohara, Ayako M Watabe, Masashi Nagase, Yuya Okutsu, Yukari Takahashi, Hiroki Kurihara, Fusao Kato
The role of the neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is well established in nociceptive behaviors. CGRP is highly expressed in the projection pathway from the parabrachial nucleus to the laterocapsular region of the central amygdala (CeC), which plays a critical role in relaying nociceptive information. The CeC is a key structure in pain behavior because it integrates and modulates nociceptive information along with other sensory signals. Previous studies have demonstrated that blockade of the amygdalar CGRP-signaling cascade attenuates nociceptive behaviors in pain models, while CGRP application facilitates amygdalar synaptic transmission and induces pain behaviors...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832396/monomethyl-fumarate-inhibits-pain-behaviors-and-amygdala-activity-in-a-rat-arthritis-model
#18
Hyunyoung Kim, Jeremy Thompson, Guangchen Ji, Vadivel Ganapathy, Volker Neugebauer
Neuroplasticity in the amygdala, a brain center for emotions, leads to increased neuronal activity and output that can generate emotional-affective behaviors and modulate nocifensive responses. Mechanisms of increased activity in the amygdala output region (central nucleus, CeA) include increased reactive oxygen species, and so we explored beneficial effects of monomethyl fumarate (MMF), which can have neuroprotective effects through the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant response pathway...
December 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830762/contribution-of-amygdala-crf-neurons-to-chronic-pain
#19
Matthew Andreoli, Tanvi Marketkar, Eugene Dimitrov
We investigated the role of amygdala corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) neurons in the perturbations of descending pain inhibition caused by neuropathic pain. Forced swim increased the tail-flick response latency in uninjured mice, a phenomenon known as stress-induced analgesia (SIA) but did not change the tail-flick response latency in mice with neuropathic pain caused by sciatic nerve constriction. Neuropathic pain also increased the expression of CRF in the central amygdala (CeAmy) and ΔFosB in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord...
December 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795169/chronic-pain-and-chronic-stress-two-sides-of-the-same-coin
#20
Chadi G Abdallah, Paul Geha
Pain and stress share significant conceptual and physiological overlaps. Both phenomena challenge the body's homeostasis and necessitate decision-making to help animals adapt to their environment. In addition, chronic stress and chronic pain share a common behavioral model of failure to extinguish negative memories. Yet, they also have discrepancies such that the final brain endophenotype of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and chronic pain appears to be different among the three conditions, and the role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis remains unclear in the physiology of pain...
February 2017: Chronic Stress
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