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Rafael V M Manalo, Paul M B Medina
Previous studies have suggested that caffeine reduces the risk of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia. However, caffeine is also known to promote dopamine signaling, which seemingly contradicts this observed effect. To this end, the study aimed to clarify the mechanism of caffeine neuroprotection in vivo when excess dopamine is present. Transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans (UA57) overproducing dopamine was exposed to caffeine for 7 days and monitored by observing GFP-tagged dopaminergic (DA) neurons via fluorescence microscopy...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Dariusz Nowak, Michał Gośliński, Kamila Nowatkowska
BACKGROUND: Energy drinks (EDs) are very popular among young people, who consume them for various reasons. A standard ED typically contains 80 mg of caffeine, as well as glucose, taurine, vitamins and other ingredients. Excessive consumption of EDs and accumulation of the above ingredients, as well as their mutual interactions, can be hazardous to the health of young adults. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of acute consumption of energy drinks on blood pressure, heart rate and blood glucose...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
José C Ramalho, Isabel P Pais, António E Leitão, Mauro Guerra, Fernando H Reboredo, Cristina M Máguas, Maria L Carvalho, Paula Scotti-Campos, Ana I Ribeiro-Barros, Fernando J C Lidon, Fábio M DaMatta
Climate changes, mostly related to high temperature, are predicted to have major negative impacts on coffee crop yield and bean quality. Recent studies revealed that elevated air [CO2 ] mitigates the impact of heat on leaf physiology. However, the extent of the interaction between elevated air [CO2 ] and heat on coffee bean quality was never addressed. In this study, the single and combined impacts of enhanced [CO2 ] and temperature in beans of Coffea arabica cv. Icatu were evaluated. Plants were grown at 380 or 700 μL CO2 L-1 air, and then submitted to a gradual temperature rise from 25°C up to 40°C during ca...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Xiao Wei, Zongshi Lu, Tao Yang, Peng Gao, Sijiao Chen, Daoyan Liu, Zhiming Zhu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: High salt consumption is a major risk factor for hypertension, and sodium homeostasis is regulated by both intestinal sodium absorption and urinary sodium excretion. Chronic caffeine intake has been reported to attenuate salt-sensitive hypertension by promoting urinary sodium excretion; however, its exact role in intestinal sodium absorption remains unknown. Here, we investigated whether and how chronic caffeine consumption antagonizes salt-sensitive hypertension by inhibiting intestinal sodium absorption...
March 16, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Fernanda Nunes, Daniela Pochmann, Amanda Staldoni Almeida, Daniela Melo Marques, Lisiane de Oliveira Porciúncula
Epidemiological studies suggest sex differences in attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology. The potential benefits of caffeine have been reported in the management of ADHD, but its effects were not properly addressed with respect to sex differences. The present study examined the effects of caffeine (0.3 g/L) administered since childhood in the behavior and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its related proteins in both sexes of a rat model of ADHD (spontaneously hypertensive rats-SHR)...
March 20, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Louisa Stern, Nathalia Giese, Thilo Hackert, Oliver Strobel, Peter Schirmacher, Klaus Felix, Matthias M Gaida
Bitter taste receptors (T2Rs) are G-protein coupled transmembrane proteins initially identified in the gustatory system as sensors for the taste of bitter. Recent evidence on expression of these receptors outside gustatory tissues suggested alternative functions, and there is growing interest of their potential role in cancer biology. In this study, we report for the first time, expression and functionality of the bitter receptor family member T2R10 in both human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tissue and PDAC derived cell lines...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Yujie He, Alette A M Langenhoff, Rob N J Comans, Nora B Sutton, Huub H M Rijnaarts
Natural dissolved organic matter (DOM) and nitrification can play an important role in biodegradation of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in aerobic zones of constructed wetlands (CWs). This study used an enrichment culture originating from CW sediment to study the effect of DOM and nitrification on aerobic biodegradation of seven PhACs. The enriched culture degraded caffeine (CAF), metoprolol (MET), naproxen (NAP), and ibuprofen (IBP) with a consistent biodegradability order of CAF>MET>NAP>IBP...
March 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Luís Augusto Arana, Mariana Bolzani Bach, Gustavo Vedana, Mathias Alexandre Volkmann, Jayme Arana
PURPOSE: To describe a case of acute bilateral transient myopia, retinal folds, and island of choroidal delay associated with oral administration of Cefalium, a medication commonly prescribed in Brazil for migraine that combines acetaminophen 500 mg, caffeine 40 mg, dihydroergotamine mesylate 1 mg, and metoclopramide hydrochloride 10 mg. METHODS: A 21-year-old woman with bilateral blurred vision 1 day after the use of Cefalium. The main outcomes measures were BCVA, ocular fundus, ocular coherence tomography, and angiography findings...
April 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Belen Ponte, Menno Pruijm, Daniel Ackermann, Georg Ehret, Nicholas Ansermot, Jan A Staessen, Bruno Vogt, Antoinette Pechère-Bertschi, Michel Burnier, Pierre-Yves Martin, Chin B Eap, Murielle Bochud, Idris Guessous
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of caffeine on arterial stiffness by exploring the association of urinary excretion of caffeine and its related metabolites with pulse pressure (PP) and pulse wave velocity (PWV). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Families were randomly selected from the general population of 3 Swiss cities from November 25, 2009, through April 4, 2013. Pulse pressure was defined as the difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressures obtained by 24-hour ambulatory monitoring...
March 15, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Jung Jae Jo, Jun Hyun Jo, SunJoo Kim, Jae-Mok Lee, Sangkyu Lee
Cocktail substrates are useful in investigating drug-drug interactions (DDI) that can rapidly identify the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms that interact with test drugs. In this study, we developed and validated five probe drugs for CYP1A, CYP2B, CYP2C, CYP2D, and CYP3A using LC-MS/MS to determine CYP activities in mice. The five probe substrates were caffeine (2 mg/kg), bupropion (30 mg/kg), omeprazole (4 mg/kg), dextromethorphan (40 mg/kg), and midazolam (2 mg/kg) for CYP1A, CYP2B, CYP2C, CYP2D, and CYP3A, respectively...
March 17, 2018: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Rhonda Orr, Matthew Grassmayr, Rona Macniven, Anne Grunseit, Mark Halaki, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: This study investigated athlete knowledge of the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited Substances List and the effects of four well-known performance enhancing substances (PES). METHODS: A sample of 1925 elite and sub-elite athletes (mean age 20.6 years) completed a questionnaire about the banned status of 30 substances/methods and their knowledge of the effects of amphetamines, anabolic steroids, growth hormone and erythropoietin. RESULTS: Athletes showed limited understanding of the WADA Prohibited Substances List, scoring 32...
March 15, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Xiao-Dong Zhang, Zana A Coulibaly, Wei Chun Chen, Hannah A Ledford, Jeong Han Lee, Padmini Sirish, Gu Dai, Zhong Jian, Frank Chuang, Ingrid Brust-Mascher, Ebenezer N Yamoah, Ye Chen-Izu, Leighton T Izu, Nipavan Chiamvimonvat
Small-conductance Ca2+ -activated K+ (SK) channels regulate the excitability of cardiomyocytes by integrating intracellular Ca2+ and membrane potentials on a beat-to-beat basis. The inextricable interplay between activation of SK channels and Ca2+ dynamics suggests the pathology of one begets another. Yet, the exact mechanistic underpinning for the activation of cardiac SK channels remains unaddressed. Here, we investigated the intracellular Ca2+ microdomains necessary for SK channel activation. SK currents coupled with Ca2+ influx via L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs) continued to be elicited after application of caffeine, ryanodine or thapsigargin to deplete SR Ca2+ store, suggesting that LTCCs provide the immediate Ca2+ microdomain for the activation of SK channels in cardiomyocytes...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Owen Y Chao, Richelle Yunger, Yi-Mei Yang
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are diagnosed based on the behavioral criteria of impaired social interaction, defective communication and repetitive behaviors. Psychiatric comorbidities, such as anxiety and intellectual disability, are commonly present in ASD. The BTBR T+Itpr3tf/J (BTBR) mice display a range of autistic phenotypes, yet whether this mouse model is appropriate to study psychiatric comorbidity in ASD remains unclear. We addressed this issue by subjecting the BTBR animals to three-chambered apparatus, open field, object attention test and elevated open platform...
March 12, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Sandrina Lampis, Maura Carboni, Daniela Steri, Sergio Murgia, Maura Monduzzi
Lipid based formulations, endowed of long term stability as a result of the formation of lamellar liquid crystals, were prepared using the natural lipids lecithin and glycerol trioleate in water, and characterized using optical microscopy, SAXRD and NMR. The formulations, designed as possible carriers for lysozyme and caffeine, were evaluated for structural features and stability after the loading of the guest molecules. Release experiments were performed at 37 °C using the PBS medium. No burst release was observed either for lysozyme or caffeine...
March 2, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Daniela Schulz
Similar doses of caffeine have been shown to produce either anxiolytic or anxiogenic effects in rats. The reasons for these conflicting results are not known. We hypothesized that food deprivation stress interacts with the stimulant effects of caffeine to increase anxiety-like behavior. We tested 32 female Sprague Dawley rats in a dim open field for 10 min. Half of the animals were food deprived for 24 h and injected (intraperitoneal) with caffeine (30 mg/kg; n=7) or deionized water (n=8) 20 min before the open field test...
March 14, 2018: Behavioural Pharmacology
Ronald J Maughan, Louise M Burke, Jiri Dvorak, D Enette Larson-Meyer, Peter Peeling, Stuart M Phillips, Eric S Rawson, Neil P Walsh, Ina Garthe, Hans Geyer, Romain Meeusen, Lucas J C van Loon, Susan M Shirreffs, Lawrence L Spriet, Mark Stuart, Alan Vernec, Kevin Currell, Vidya M Ali, Richard Gm Budgett, Arne Ljungqvist, Margo Mountjoy, Yannis P Pitsiladis, Torbjørn Soligard, Uğur Erdener, Lars Engebretsen
Nutrition usually makes a small but potentially valuable contribution to successful performance in elite athletes, and dietary supplements can make a minor contribution to this nutrition programme. Nonetheless, supplement use is widespread at all levels of sport. Products described as supplements target different issues, including (1) the management of micronutrient deficiencies, (2) supply of convenient forms of energy and macronutrients, and (3) provision of direct benefits to performance or (4) indirect benefits such as supporting intense training regimens...
March 14, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Katsuhito Matsuki, Daiki Kato, Masashi Takemoto, Yoshiaki Suzuki, Hisao Yamamura, Susumu Ohya, Hiroshi Takeshima, Yuji Imaizumi
Physiological functions of type 3 ryanodine receptors (RyR3) in smooth muscle (SM) tissues are not well understood, in spite of their wide expression. However, the short isoform of RyR3 is known to be a dominant negative variant (DN-RyR3), which may negatively regulate functions of both RyR2 and full length (FL)-RyR3 by forming hetero-tetramers. Here, functional roles of RyR3 in the regulation of Ca2+ signaling in mesenteric artery SM cells (MASMCs) were examined using RyR3 homozygous knockout mice (RyR3-/- )...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Todd D Rozen
OBJECTIVE: To present results from the United States Cluster Headache Survey comparing the clinical presentation of tobacco nonexposed and tobacco-exposed cluster headache patients. BACKGROUND: Cluster headache is uniquely tied to a personal history of tobacco usage/cigarette smoking and, if the individual cluster headache sufferer did not smoke, it has been shown that their parent(s) typically did and that individual had significant secondary smoke exposure as a child...
March 14, 2018: Headache
Juan Andrés Abin-Carriquiry, Marcela Martínez-Busi, Martín Galvalisi, Manuel Minteguiaga, José Pedro Prieto, María Cecilia Scorza
Adulteration is a common practice in the illicit drugs market, but the psychoactive and toxic effects provided by adulterants are clinically underestimated. Coca-paste (CP) is a smokable form of cocaine which has an extremely high abuse liability. CP seized samples are sold adulterated; however, qualitative and quantitative data of CP adulteration in forensic literature is still scarce. Besides, it is unknown if adulterants remain stable when CP is heated. This study was designed to report the chemical content of an extensive series of CP seized samples and to demonstrate the stability (i...
March 13, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
Paloma T Birmann, Fernanda S S Sousa, Daniela H de Oliveira, Micaela Domingues, Beatriz M Vieira, Eder J Lenardão, Lucielli Savegnago
Several pathologies, such as pain and inflammation, are modulated by different pathways, making it necessary to develop drugs capable of modulating different pathways. Based on that, we investigated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effect of 3-(4-chlorophenylselanyl)-1-methyl-1H-indole (CMI), as well as the systems involved in these actions. This study evaluated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of CMI [0.0001-10mg/kg administered intragastrically (i.g.)] in the formalin, glutamate, hot plate, ear edema induced by croton oil and paw edema induced by formalin tests...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
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