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Total ankle arthroscopy

Brady T Evans, Frances A Tepolt, Emily Niu, Dennis E Kramer, Mininder S Kocher
The purpose of this study was to identify the rates of chondral injury, soft tissue impingement, and bony impingement in pediatric patients undergoing the modified Brostrom procedure with ankle arthroscopy for lateral ankle instability. A retrospective review of all patients undergoing a modified Brostrom procedure with ankle arthroscopy performed by two surgeons at a tertiary care children's hospital between October 2002 and April 2014 was performed. Data were collected regarding demographics, history and initial presentation, nonoperative management, surgical procedure and arthroscopic findings, and clinical follow-up...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Tânia Quinás Serra, João Morais, Zico Gonçalves, Francisco Agostinho, Gilberto Melo, Mónica Henriques
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare proliferative disorder of the synovial membrane. This condition is usually monoarticular, can be locally destructive, and involves muscles, tendons, bursae, bones, and skin. The most commonly affected joints are the knee and hip, followed by the ankle and shoulder. Patients often present with pain, swelling, and joint effusion; however, the duration of symptoms varies. Total synovectomy is the preferred treatment for PVNS. Subtotal synovectomy is a factor of recurrence, and in diffuse PVNS, total excision is very difficult to achieve...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
Lone Frandsen, Bent Lund, Torsten Grønbech Nielsen, Martin Lind
Traction-related problems are poorly described in the existing literature. The purpose of this prospective study was to describe traction-related problems and how patients perceive these problems. The study was a descriptive cohort study and data were collected from questionnaires and patient files. The questionnaire included questions on patients' perceptions of traction-related problems in the groin area, at the knee and ankle and how patients had coped with these problems. A total of 100 consecutive patients undergoing hip arthroscopy filled out the questionnaire...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Kevin Staats, Manuel Sabeti-Aschraf, Sebastian Apprich, Hannes Platzgummer, Stephan E Puchner, Johannes Holinka, Reinhard Windhager, Reinhard Schuh
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans for the detection of additional pathologies in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI) compared to arthroscopic findings. METHODS: Preoperative MRI images of 30 patients were evaluated regarding articular and periarticular comorbidities and compared to intraoperative findings. The reliability of MRI was determined by calculating specificity, sensitivity, as well as positive and negative predictive values...
May 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Hong Li, Yinghui Hua, Hongyun Li, Kui Ma, Shengkun Li, Shiyi Chen
BACKGROUND: The open modified Broström anatomic repair technique is widely accepted as the reference standard for lateral ankle stabilization. Despite recent increases in publications regarding arthroscopic repair of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) for treatment of chronic ankle instability, research is lacking that compares the functional outcomes between arthroscopic repair and open repair procedures for chronic ankle instability. PURPOSE: To compare function and activity level after arthroscopic repair versus open repair of the ATFL in patients with lateral ankle instability...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Steven F DeFroda, Joseph A Gil, Brad D Blankenhorn, Alan H Daniels
Surgical case volume during orthopaedic surgical residency is a concern among trainees and program directors alike. With an ongoing trend toward further subspecialization and the rapid development of new techniques and devices, the breadth of procedures that residents are exposed to continues to increase. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education surgical case logs from 2009 to 2013 for graduating orthopaedic surgery residents were examined to assess the national averages of orthopaedic procedures logged by graduating orthopaedic surgery residents in the leg/ankle and foot/toes categories...
January 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Han Bum Joe, Ho Sik Choo, Ji Sang Yoon, Sang Eon Oh, Jae Ho Cho, Young Uk Park
BACKGROUND: A femoral nerve block (FNB) in combination with a sciatic nerve block (SNB) is commonly used for anesthesia and analgesia in patients undergoing hindfoot and ankle surgery. The effects of FNB on motor function, related fall risk, and rehabilitation are controversial. An adductor canal block (ACB) potentially spares motor fibers in the femoral nerve, but the comparative effect on hindfoot and ankle surgeries between the 2 approaches is not yet well defined. We hypothesized that compared to FNB, ACB would cause less weakness in the quadriceps and produce similar pain scores during and after the operation...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Josef N Tofte, Brian O Westerlind, Kevin D Martin, Brian L Guetschow, Bastián Uribe-Echevarria, Chamnanni Rungprai, Phinit Phisitkul
PURPOSE: To validate the knee, shoulder, and virtual Fundamentals of Arthroscopic Training (FAST) modules on a virtual arthroscopy simulator via correlations with arthroscopy case experience and postgraduate year. METHODS: Orthopaedic residents and faculty from one institution performed a standardized sequence of knee, shoulder, and FAST modules to evaluate baseline arthroscopy skills. Total operation time, camera path length, and composite total score (metric derived from multiple simulator measurements) were compared with case experience and postgraduate level...
March 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Kevin J DiSilvestro, Adam J Santoro, Fotios P Tjoumakaris, Eric A Levicoff, Kevin B Freedman
BACKGROUND: Patients often ask their doctors when they can safely return to driving after orthopaedic injuries and procedures, but the data regarding this topic are diverse and sometimes conflicting. Some studies provide observer-reported outcome measures, such as brake response time or simulators, to estimate when patients can safely resume driving after surgery, and patient survey data describing when patients report a return to driving, but they do not all agree. We performed a systematic review and quality appraisal for available data regarding when patients are safe to resume driving after common orthopaedic surgeries and injuries affecting the ability to drive...
December 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
T Blázquez Martín, E Iglesias Durán, M San Miguel Campos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the percentage of complications associated with ankle and hindfoot arthroscopy in our hospital and to compare the results with those reported in the literature. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective descriptive review was conducted on the complications associated with ankle and hindfoot arthroscopy performed between May 2008 and April 2013. A total of 257 arthroscopy were performed, 23% on subtalar joint, and 77% of ankle joint. An anterior approach was used in 69%, with 26% by a posterior approach, and the remaining 5% by combined access...
November 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Hong-liang Li, Shu-yuan Li, Wei Qi, Chun-bao Li, Feng Qu, Guo Qi, Gang Zhao, Yu-jie Liu, Juan-li Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of arthroscopy-assisted minimally invasive management of bunion and hallux valgus deformities. METHODS: Total 50 patients (53 feet) with bunion and hallux valgus deformities were treated under arthroscopy from July 2008 to July 2011, with an average age of 42.3 years old (ranging from 30 to 65 years old) involving 19 left feet, 28 right feet and 3 both feet. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hallux metatarsophalangeal-interphalangeal(MP-IP) Scale Score was used to evaluate the therapeutic effect...
February 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Peter A J de Leeuw, Pau Golanó, Leendert Blankevoort, Inger N Sierevelt, C Niek van Dijk
PURPOSE: To prevent iatrogenic damage to the superficial peroneal nerve during ankle arthroscopy, it needs to be identified. The purpose of the present study was to determine which clinical test identified the superficial peroneal nerve most frequently and which determinants negatively affected the identification. METHODS: A total of 198 ankles (99 volunteers) were examined for identification of the superficial peroneal nerve. Race, gender, body mass index (BMI), shoe size and frequency of physical activity were collected...
April 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Simon Chambers, Jayasree Ramaskandhan, Malik Siddique
BACKGROUND: It has been previously demonstrated that radiographic severity of arthritis predicts outcome following knee replacement. In certain circumstances, patients may undergo arthroplasty without severe radiographic disease. An example may be the patient with significant chondral damage unsuccessfully treated with arthroscopy. This patient may proceed to joint replacement when their radiographs would not normally merit such intervention. We investigated whether these findings were also applicable to total ankle replacements (TARs)...
April 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Tyler A Gonzalez, Alec A Macaulay, Lauren K Ehrlichman, Rosa Drummond, Vaishali Mittal, Christopher W DiGiovanni
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures represent one of the most common orthopaedic injuries requiring operative treatment. Although open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of ankle fractures leads to good results in most patients, poor functional outcomes continue to be reported in some patients for whom anatomic reduction was achieved. It has been theorized that these lesser outcomes may in part be due to a component of missed intra-articular injury that reportedly ranges between 20% and 79%, although to date the true explanation for this subset of lower functional outcomes remains unknown...
May 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Seung-Do Cha, Jae-Yong Kwak, Heui-Chul Gwak, Dong-Jun Ha, Jong-Yup Kim, Ui-Cheol Kim, Yue-Chan Jang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to report findings of exploratory arthroscopic assessment performed in conjunction with removal of internal fixation device placed in the initial surgery for rotational ankle fracture. METHODS: A total of 53 patients (33 male, 20 female) who underwent surgery for rotational ankle fracture between November 2002 and February 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients gave consent to the exploratory arthroscopic surgery for the removal of internal fixation devices placed in the initial surgery...
December 2015: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Hani El-Mowafi, Ahmed El-Hawary, Yasser Kandil
BACKGROUND: Pilon fractures usually result from high energy trauma, and are commonly associated with extensive soft tissue damage which prevents the use of open reduction and internal fixation. PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the use of the Ilizarov external fixator in the treatment of pilon fractures of the ankle, and to determine whether arthroscopy of the ankle could improve the outcome. METHODS: From February 2011 to May 2013 a total of 23 patients with unilateral closed pilon fractures were divided into two groups treated with and without arthroscopy during fixation with the Ilizarov external fixator...
December 2015: Foot
Jakob Ackermann, Ethan J Fraser, Christopher D Murawski, Payal Desai, Khushdeep Vig, John G Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to report trends associated with concurrent ankle arthroscopy at the time of operative treatment of ankle fracture. METHOD: The current procedural terminology (CPT) billing codes were used to search the PearlDiver Patient Record Database and identify all patients who were treated for acute ankle fracture in the United States. The Medicare Standard Analytic Files were searchable between 2005 and 2011 and the United Healthcare Orthopedic Dataset from 2007 to 2011...
April 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Hee Jin Park, So Yeon Lee, Eugene Kim, Mi Sung Kim, Eun Chul Chung, Seon Hyung Choi, Ji Sup Yun
BACKGROUND: Because peroneal tendons course from the lateral side of the proximal fibula through the posterior side of the distal fibula, correct diagnosis of the tendon pathology on an orthogonal sagittal plane can be difficult. PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of oblique sagittal imaging (peroneal view) for evaluation of peroneal tendon pathology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 69 patients at our institution who underwent routine ankle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using the peroneal view...
May 2016: Acta Radiologica
Daniel J Fuchs, Bryant S Ho, Mark W LaBelle, Armen S Kelikian
BACKGROUND: Following open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of unstable ankle fractures, some patients have persistent pain and poor outcomes. This may be secondary to intra-articular injuries that occur at the time of fracture, which occur in up to 88% of fractures. Ankle arthroscopy at the time of ORIF has been proposed to address these intra-articular injuries. This study compared patient-reported functional outcomes in patients who underwent ankle ORIF with and without ankle arthroscopy...
January 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Xing-Zuo Chen, Ying Chen, Cheng-Gang Liu, Huan Yang, Xiao-Dong Xu, Peng Lin
PURPOSE: To summarize the clinical findings of adult patients undergoing arthroscopy-assisted open reduction-internal fixation for acute ankle fractures. METHODS: A systematic electronic search of the PubMed databases was performed for all published literature on December 8, 2014. All English-language clinical studies on acute ankle fractures treated with arthroscopy-assisted open reduction-internal fixation were eligible for inclusion. Basic information related to the surgical procedure was collected...
November 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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