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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551446/intimate-partner-violence-and-pregnancy-epidemiology-and-impact
#1
REVIEW
Christian A Chisholm, Linda Bullock, James E Jef Ferguson
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem in our society, affecting women disproportionately. IPV takes many forms, including physical violence, sexual violence, stalking, and psychological aggression. While the scope of IPV is not fully documented, nearly 40% of women in the US are victims of sexual violence in their lifetimes and 20% are victims of physical IPV. Other forms of IPV are likely particularly underreported. IPV has a substantial impact on a woman's physical and mental health...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550377/acceptability-of-and-adherence-to-an-antiretroviral-based-vaginal-microbicide-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states
#2
Elizabeth T Montgomery, Lisa M Noguchi, James Y Dai, Jason Pan, Joseph Biggio, Craig Hendrix, Karen Isaacs, D Heather Watts, Jill L Schwartz, Jeanna Piper, Richard Beigi
The MTN-008 trial was the first multi-dose study conducted to evaluate the safety of a microbicide gel (2:1 randomized to tenofovir 1% or hydroxycellulose (HEC) placebo gel) during pregnancy. The study aim was to evaluate safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of the study products. Procedures included daily gel administration, with Day 0 and Day 6 in clinic, and Days 1-5 at home. Because pregnancy may pose unique challenges to consistent gel use and acceptability, evaluation of adherence and acceptability was a secondary objective of the trial...
May 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549983/the-effect-of-omega-3-supplementation-on-pregnancy-outcomes-by-smoking-status
#3
Spencer G Kuper, Adi R Abramovici, Victoria C Jauk, Lorie M Harper, Joseph R Biggio, Alan T Tita
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes such as preterm delivery, intrauterine growth restriction, stillbirth, and low birth weight. Since smoking causes oxidative stress, some have suggested using antioxidants to counteract the effects of oxidative stress. Smokers have lower serum levels of omega-3 fatty acids, an important antioxidant, and thus, investigating whether omega-3 supplementation in smokers reduces adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes represents an important area of research...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545876/impact-of-periconceptional-folic-acid-supplementation-on-low-birth-weight-and-small-for-gestational-age-infants-in-china-a-large-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Nan Li, Zhiwen Li, Rongwei Ye, Jianmeng Liu, Aiguo Ren
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of maternal folic acid supplementation alone during pregnancy on the incidence of low birth weight (LBW) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant status. STUDY DESIGN: Data were derived from a large population-based cohort study performed in China to evaluate the prevention of neural tube defects with folic acid supplementation. The sample comprised 200 589 singleton live births registered in 2 southern Chinese provinces by mothers for whom detailed information on folic acid use was available...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545637/preterm-birth-and-risk-of-heart-failure-up%C3%A2-to-early-adulthood
#5
Hanna Carr, Sven Cnattingius, Fredrik Granath, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy
BACKGROUND: In small clinical studies, preterm birth was associated with altered cardiac structure and increased cardiovascular mortality in the young. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the association between preterm birth and risk of incident heart failure (HF) in children and young adults. METHODS: This register-based cohort study included 2,665,542 individuals born in Sweden from 1987 to 2012 who were followed up from 1 year of age to December 31, 2013...
May 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545161/classic-galactosemia-study-on-the-late-prenatal-development-of-galt-specific-activity-in-a-sheep-model
#6
Ana I Coelho, Jörgen Bierau, Martijn Lindhout, Jelle Achten, Boris W Kramer, M Estela Rubio-Gozalbo
BACKGROUND: Classic galactosemia results from deficient activity of galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT), a key enzyme of galactose metabolism. Despite early diagnosis and early postnatal therapeutic intervention, patients still develop neurologic and fertility impairments. Prenatal developmental toxicity has been hypothesized as a determinant factor of disease. In order to shed light on the importance of prenatal GALT activity, several studies have examined GALT activity throughout development...
May 25, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544954/long-term-attention-deficits-combined-with-subcortical-and-cortical-structural-central-nervous-system-alterations-in-young-adults-born-small-for-gestational-age
#7
Sabrina Suffren, Diego Angulo, Yang Ding, Pablo Reyes, Jorge Marin, Jose T Hernandez, Nathalie Charpak, Gregory A Lodygensky
BACKGROUND: Being born small for gestational age has been associated with neurodevelopmental disabilities and smaller gray matter volumes in childhood. However, it is not known if these changes persist in adults and whether SGA has any impact on attention memory and IQ. AIMS: The goal of this study was to evaluate the association between birth weight and gray matter anatomy in adults born small for gestational age at term, in relation to IQ, attention and memory...
May 22, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544886/the-level-of-physical-fitness-in-children-aged-6-7years-with-low-birthweight
#8
Elżbieta Cieśla, Monika Zaręba, Sławomir Kozieł
BACKGROUND: Level of physical fitness is related to the functional status of most of the bodily functions and so it appears to be very important to identify perinatal factors influencing physical fitness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of birth weight on the level of physical fitness in children 6-7years of age. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Physical fitness was assessed using EUROFIT tests in 28,623 children, aged 6-7years, from rural areas in Poland...
May 22, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543169/gestational-weight-gain-in-the-first-two-pregnancies-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-the-second-pregnancy
#9
Maya Tabet, Lorie M Harper, Louise H Flick, Jen Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: Gestational Weight Gain (GWG) below or above the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, it remains unknown whether the risk of adverse outcomes is affected by GWG in a previous pregnancy. We examined associations between GWG in the index (second) pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes, including preterm delivery and small for gestational age (SGA), while taking into consideration GWG in the first pregnancy. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study (n = 210 564), using the Missouri maternally-linked birth registry (1989-2005), we used multivariable Poisson regression with robust error variance stratified by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) to evaluate associations between GWG in the index pregnancy and a composite indicator of GWG in the first and second pregnancies and our outcomes of interest, after controlling for sociodemographic and pregnancy-related confounders...
May 24, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541800/incidence-of-superimposed-preeclampsia-among-pregnant-asian-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#10
Dittakarn Boriboonhirunsarn, Apichaya Pradyachaipimol, Boonlert Viriyapak
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and associated factors of superimposed preeclampsia among pregnant women with chronic hypertension. METHODS: A total of 300 pregnant women diagnosed with chronic hypertension were reviewed. Data were retrieved from medical records, including obstetric data, characteristics of hypertension, and pregnancy outcomes. Incidence of superimposed preeclampsia was estimated. Various characteristics were compared to determine associated risk factors...
May 25, 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534012/association-of-isolated-single-umbilical-artery-with-perinatal-outcomes-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Hyeong Ju Kim, Jae-Hoon Kim, Doo Byung Chay, Joo Hyun Park, Min-A Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between prenatally diagnosed isolated single umbilical artery (iSUA) and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed from inception to January 2016, with no language or regional restrictions, for cohort and case-control studies reporting on the relationship of iSUA and perinatal outcomes. We assessed the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the occurrence of small for gestational age, preterm birth, pregnancy-induced hypertension, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and perinatal mortality in fetuses with iSUA compared with those in fetuses with three vessel cord...
May 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532255/outpatient-vs-inpatient-management-for-superimposed-preeclampsia-without-severe-features-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#12
Corina N Schoen, Sindy C Moreno, Gabriele Saccone, Nora M Graham, Lauren C Hand, Giuseppe M Maruotti, Pasquale Martinelli, Vincenzo Berghella, Amanda Roman
PURPOSE: To determine if women with preterm superimposed preeclampsia without severe features can be successfully and safely triaged to outpatient management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective, cohort study of singleton pregnancies with superimposed preeclampsia without severe features diagnosed before 37 weeks managed outpatient versus inpatient at Thomas Jefferson University (Philadelphia, USA) and at University of Naples (Naples, Italy) from January 2008 to July 2015...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532196/fetal-and-neonatal-involvement-in-maternal-rheumatologic-disease
#13
Shigeo Iijima
A pregnancy complicated with rheumatologic diseases can have various influences on the fetus and/or neonate. Maternal systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may cause preterm and/or small for gestational age (SGA) delivery and neonatal lupus (NL). Some neonates with NL have congenital heart block (CHB) with increased morbidity and mortality, even requiring pacemakers. Antiphospholipid syndrome may occur with SLE and affect fetal and/or neonatal outcomes. Pregnancy involving primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) tends to result in preterm delivery and low birthweight infants...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531098/increase-in-weight-in-low-birth-weight-and-very-low-birth-weight-infants-fed-fortified-breast-milk-versus-formula-milk-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Pui Hing Chau, Heidi Sze Lok Fan, Kam Ming Chan, Bill H Chan, Genevieve P C Fung, Marie Tarrant
There has been a dramatic rise in preterm births in developed countries owing to changes in clinical practices and greater use of assisted reproductive techniques. However, few studies have examined the growth and outcomes of preterm infants according to the type of feeding (with fortified breast milk or formula). The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of breast milk feedings and formula on the growth and short-term outcomes of preterm infants in Hong Kong. In a single-center retrospective cohort study, we included 642 preterm infants at gestational age <37 weeks with birth weights <2200 g...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529058/customized-and-non-customized-live-born-birth-weight-curves-of-single-and-uncomplicated-pregnancies-from-the-burgundy-perinatal-network-part-i-methodology
#15
Thierry Rousseau, Olivia Durand-Maison, Catherine Labruere-Chazal, Florine Tabard, Ahmed Jebrane, Olivia Martz, Eric Benzenine, Jonathan Cottenet, Paul Sagot
OBJECTIVES: To establish non-customized and customized birth-weight curves of single and uncomplicated pregnancies according to gestational age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data for 64.173 mother-infants pairs from the Burgundy perinatal network database (France) over the period 2005 - 2013. A validated procedure was used to link mothers with their newborns, and maternal and fetal pathologies likely to affect birth weight were excluded. Multiple regression analysis with covariate selection was used to build a customized growth curve with maternal and fetal parameters...
May 18, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528756/necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-low-birth-weight-infants-in-china-mortality-risk-factors-expressed-by-birth-weight-categories
#16
Tian Qian, Rong Zhang, Li Zhu, Peng Shi, Jie Yang, Chang-Yi Yang, Dong-Mei Chen, Jing-Yun Shi, Xiao-Guang Zhou, Yin-Ping Qiu, Yong Yang, Ling He, Shao-Ru He, Yun-Tao Cao, Qiu-Fen Wei, Manoj Kumar, Chao Chen
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively investigated incidence, morbidity, and mortality of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis in China, with special emphasis on determining the predictors of necrotizing enterocolitis associated mortality. METHODS: We identified neonates as having necrotizing enterocolitis if they met the accepted diagnostic criterion. Data pertaining to antenatal period, labor and birth, and the postnatal course of illness were collected. Multivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors...
April 12, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527328/living-in-violence-neighborhood-domestic-violence-and-small-for-gestational-age-births
#17
Erica Felker-Kantor, Maeve Wallace, Katherine Theall
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between neighborhood domestic violence and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to examine if there is a differential impact of neighborhood domestic violence on SGA births by race in a high crime community. METHODS: This analysis includes all birth records issued in New Orleans, Louisiana from 2011 to 2012 geocoded by census tract (N=177 census tracts, N=8322 women). Hierarchical modeling and ecologic spatial analysis were used to examine the area-effect of neighborhood domestic violence on SGA births, independent of individual-level predictors and accounting for the propensity to live in high domestic violence neighborhoods...
May 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526433/risk-of-low-birth-weight-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-neonates-from-mothers-after-gastric-bypass-a-case-control-study
#18
Geraldine Gascoin, Maxime Gerard, Agnès Sallé, Guillaume Becouarn, Stephanie Rouleau, Loïc Sentilhes, Régis Coutant
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of small-for-gestational-age infants after maternal bariatric surgery has been shown. The risk of micronutrients deficiencies in these neonates is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To screen for micronutrients deficiencies in newborns of mothers with gastric bypass. SETTINGS: University hospital in Angers, France. METHODS: This study compared the clinical and cord blood biological characteristics of 56 newborns of mothers with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 56 newborns of nonobese healthy mothers after normal pregnancy (controls), followed between January 3, 2008 and October 31, 2012...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523891/neonatal-endocrinologic-problems-in-collodion-babies
#19
Ahmet Ozdemir, Sabriye Korkut, Selim Kurtoglu, Nihal Hatipoglu, Tamer Gunes, Mehmet Adnan Ozturk
OBJECTIVES: To identify endocrinologic problems, particularly those concerning growth, in collodion babies (CBs). METHODS: Clinically identified newborn CBs were included in the study group (group 1). Because CBs are generally born premature, small for gestational age (SGA), or both, a control group matched to the study group in terms of gestational age and birthweight (group 2) was also established. Blood specimens were collected from both groups for thyroid function tests and to measure serum growth hormone (GH), insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels...
May 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522645/real-life-gh-dosing-patterns-in-children-with-ghd-ts-or-born-sga-a-report-from-the-nordinet%C3%A2-international-outcome-study
#20
Oliver Blankenstein, Marta Snajderova, Joanne C Blair, Effie Pournara, Birgitte Tønnes Pedersen, Isabelle Oliver Petit
OBJECTIVE: To describe real-life dosing patterns in children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD), born small for gestational age (SGA) or with Turner syndrome (TS) receiving growth hormone (GH) and enrolled in the NordiNet® International Outcome Study (IOS; NCT00960128) between 2006 and 2016. DESIGN: This non-interventional, multicentre study included paediatric patients diagnosed with GHD (isolated [IGHD] or multiple pituitary hormone deficiency [MPHD]), born SGA or with TS and treated according to everyday clinical practice from the Czech Republic (IGHD/MPHD/SGA/TS: n=425/61/316/119), France (n=1404/188/970/206), Germany (n=2603/351/1387/411) and the UK (n=259/60/87/35)...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
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