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Small for gestational age

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934257/slow-fetal-growth-between-first-and-early-second-trimester-ultrasound-scans-and-risk-of-small-for-gestational-age-sga-birth
#1
Marija Simic, Olof Stephansson, Gunnar Petersson, Sven Cnattingius, Anna-Karin Wikström
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between fetal growth between first and early second trimester ultrasound scan and the risk of severe small for gestational age (SGA) birth. METHODS: This cohort study included 69 550 singleton pregnancies with first trimester dating and an early second trimester growth scan in Stockholm and Gotland Counties, Sweden between 2008 and 2014. Exposure was difference in biparietal diameter growth between observed and expected at the second trimester scan, calculated by z-scores...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934089/postpartum-hemorrhage-with-transfusion-trends-near-misses-risk-factors-and-management-at-the-scale-of-a-perinatal-network
#2
M Marocchini, J Lauféron, C Quantin, P Sagot
OBJECTIVES: To analyze temporal trends and management of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) with transfusion and its related maternal near-miss (MNM) cases between 2006 and 2014 and to study risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study from two prospective databases included 156,047 women giving birth in all the maternity hospitals of Burgundy. We analyzed temporal trends and the distribution of PPH with transfusion, the circumstances of transfer of patients between hospitals and factors associated with PPH with transfusion...
May 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932729/a-novel-and-simple-method-using-a-transanal-intestinal-long-tube-for-protecting-intestinal-anastomosis-and-decompressing-the-small-bowel
#3
So Hyun Nam
PURPOSE: I introduce the use of transanal intestinal long tube (TILT) using nasogastric tube. TILT passes from anus to the anastomosis, helping to decompress a dilated bowel loop. METHODS: TILT procedure was limited to those patients predicting a severe luminal size discrepancy after intestinal anastomosis, and who had postoperative prolonged ileus. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 10 infants (7 male an 3 female patients) who were treated using the TILT procedure between 2012 and 2016...
September 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931180/long-term-outcomes-of-small-for-gestational-age-twins-born-at-34-weeks-or-later
#4
Nola Herlihy, Elizabeth Odom, Natalie Cohen, Annemarie Stroustrup, Andrei Rebarber, Nathan S Fox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927650/the-impact-of-delayed-maternity-on-foetal-growth-in-spain-an-assessment-by-population-attributable-fraction
#5
Carlos Varea, José Manuel Terán, Cristina Bernis, Barry Bogin
BACKGROUND: Delayed childbearing is considered a risk factor for maternal-foetal health. As in other higher-income countries, in Spain age at maternity has steadily increased during the last two decades. AIM: To quantify the impact of the delay in the age at maternity on small for gestational age (SGA) categories of <3rd, 3rd-5th and 5th-10th percentiles. METHODS: 2,672,350 singleton live births born to Spanish mothers in 2007-2015 were analysed...
September 16, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926833/circulating-igf-i-igfbp-3-and-the-igf-i-igfbp-3-molar-ratio-concentration-and-height-outcome-in-prepubertal-short-children-on-rhgh-treatment-over-two-years-of-therapy
#6
María Gabriela Ballerini, Débora Braslavsky, Paula Alejandra Scaglia, Ana Keselman, María Eugenia Rodríguez, Alicia Martínez, Analía Verónica Freire, Horacio Mario Domené, Héctor Guillermo Jasper, Ignacio Bergadá, María Gabriela Ropelato
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the occurrence of abnormally elevated values of biomarkers of growth hormone (GH) action in short children on recombinant human GH (rhGH) therapy. METHODS: Sixty-three prepubertal short children were examined: 31 with GH deficiency (GHD), 25 small for gestational age (SGA), and 9 with Turner syndrome (TS). The main outcomes were the following: standard deviation score (SDS) values of IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and IGF-I/IGFBP-3 molar ratio before, at the 1st and at the 2nd year on rhGH and Δheight (Ht)-SDS to evaluate GH treatment efficacy (adequate 1st-year ΔHt SDS: >0...
September 19, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926826/a-low-cerebroplacental-ratio-at-20-24-weeks-of-gestation-can-predict-reduced-fetal-size-later-in-pregnancy-or-at-birth
#7
Edgar Hernandez-Andrade, Eli Maymon, Offer Erez, Homam Saker, Suchaya Luewan, Maynor Garcia, Hyunyoung Ahn, Adi L Tarca, Bogdan Done, Steven J Korzeniewski, Sonia S Hassan, Roberto Romero
AIM: To determine whether Doppler evaluation at 20-24 weeks of gestation can predict reduced fetal size later in pregnancy or at birth. METHODS: Fetal biometry and Doppler velocimetry were performed in 2,986 women with a singleton pregnancy at 20-24 weeks of gestation. Predictive performances of the umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA-PI) or the mean uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI) >95th percentile, middle cerebral artery pulsatility index, or cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) <5th percentile for early small for gestational age (SGA; <34 weeks of gestation), late SGA (≥34 weeks of gestation), or SGA at birth (birthweight <10th percentile) were analyzed...
September 20, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925408/liver-volume-and-hepatic-adiposity-in-childhood-relations-to-body-growth-and-visceral-fat
#8
R Malpique, J Bassols, A López-Bermejo, M Diaz, F Villarroya, J Pavia, A Congo, F de Zegher, L Ibáñez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The sequence of prenatal growth restraint and postnatal catch-up growth may lead to hepato-visceral adiposity, insulin resistance and low-grade inflammation before the onset of puberty. In prepubertal children born appropriate for gestational age (AGA) or small for gestational age (SGA), we assessed potential relationships between the aforementioned sequence and liver volume. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study population consisted of 86 children (41 AGA and 45 SGA with catch-up growth; age (mean±s...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923465/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes-conceptt-a-multicentre-international-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Denice S Feig, Lois E Donovan, Rosa Corcoy, Kellie E Murphy, Stephanie A Amiel, Katharine F Hunt, Elisabeth Asztalos, Jon F R Barrett, J Johanna Sanchez, Alberto de Leiva, Moshe Hod, Lois Jovanovic, Erin Keely, Ruth McManus, Eileen K Hutton, Claire L Meek, Zoe A Stewart, Tim Wysocki, Robert O'Brien, Katrina Ruedy, Craig Kollman, George Tomlinson, Helen R Murphy
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are a high-risk population who are recommended to strive for optimal glucose control, but neonatal outcomes attributed to maternal hyperglycaemia remain suboptimal. Our aim was to examine the effectiveness of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) on maternal glucose control and obstetric and neonatal health outcomes. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial, we recruited women aged 18-40 years with type 1 diabetes for a minimum of 12 months who were receiving intensive insulin therapy...
September 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919119/global-regional-and-national-comparative-risk-assessment-of-84-behavioural-environmental-and-occupational-and-metabolic-risks-or-clusters-of-risks-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of risk factor exposure and attributable burden of disease. By providing estimates over a long time series, this study can monitor risk exposure trends critical to health surveillance and inform policy debates on the importance of addressing risks in context. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), by age group, sex, year, and location for 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2016...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917536/birth-outcomes-following-immunization-of-pregnant-women-with-pandemic-h1n1-influenza-vaccine-2009-2010
#11
Abigail Eaton, Ned Lewis, Bruce Fireman, John Hansen, Roger Baxter, Julianne Gee, Nicola P Klein
BACKGROUND: Following the H1N1 influenza pandemic in 2009, pregnant women were recommended to receive both seasonal (TIV) and H1N1 influenza vaccines. This study presents incidence of adverse birth and pregnancy outcomes among a population of pregnant women immunized with TIV and H1N1 vaccines at Kaiser Permanente Northern California during 2009-2010. METHODS: We telephone surveyed pregnant Kaiser Permanente Northern California members to assess non-medically-attended reactions following H1N1, TIV or both vaccines during 2009-2010 (n=5365) in a separate study...
September 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917208/prenatal-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-birth-outcomes-in-a-spanish-birth-cohort
#12
Cyntia B Manzano-Salgado, Maribel Casas, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Ferran Ballester, Carmen Iñiguez, David Martinez, Olga Costa, Loreto Santa-Marina, Eva Pereda-Pereda, Thomas Schettgen, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BACKGROUND: Prenatal perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) exposure has been associated with reduced birth weight but maternal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) may attenuate this association. Further, this association remains unclear for other perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA). We estimated associations between prenatal PFAS exposure and birth outcomes, and the influence of GFR, in a Spanish birth cohort...
September 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911145/bone-mineral-density-after-cessation-of-gh-treatment-in-young-adults-born-sga-a-5-year-longitudinal-study
#13
Carolina C J Smeets, Manouk van der Steen, Judith S Renes, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega
Context: Short children born small for gestational age (SGA) have below-average bone mineral density (BMD). Growth hormone (GH) treatment improves height and BMD in short SGA children. Longitudinal data on BMD in adults born SGA, after GH cessation (GH-stop), are lacking. Objective: To determine BMD in young adults born SGA during 5 years after GH-stop. Methods: In 173 GH-treated adults born SGA (SGA-GH), BMD of total body (BMDTB) and bone mineral apparent density of lumbar spine (BMADLS) were measured longitudinally at adult height (AH) and 6 months, 2 years, and 5 years thereafter...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911011/evaluating-the-relationship-between-birth-weight-for-gestational-age-and-adult-blood-pressure-using-participants-from-a-cohort-of-same-sex-siblings-discordant-on-birth-weight-percentile
#14
Linda G Kahn, Stephen L Buka, Piera M Cirillo, Barbara A Cohn, Pam Factor-Litvak, Matthew W Gillman, Ezra Susser, L H Lumey
Many studies have described an inverse relationship between birth weight and blood pressure (BP). Debate continues, however, over the magnitude and validity of the association. This analysis draws on the Early Determinants of Adult Health study (2005-2008), a cohort of 393 US adults (mean age 43 years; 47% male), including 114 same-sex sibling pairs deliberately sampled to be discordant on sex-specific birth weight for gestational age (BW/GA) in order to minimize confounding in studies of fetal growth and midlife health outcomes...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911008/maternal-dietary-l-arginine-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#15
Anne Marie Darling, Chloe R McDonald, Willy S Urassa, Kevin C Kain, Ramadhani S Mwiru, Wafaie W Fawzi
The amino acid arginine is a physiological precursor to nitric oxide, which is a key mediator of embryonic survival, fetal growth, and pregnancy maintenance. We evaluated the association between consumption of the amino acid arginine and the rate of adverse birth outcomes using data from a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled micronutrient supplementation trial among pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (2001-2004). Dietary intakes of arginine were assessed using repeated 24-hour recalls that were administered throughout pregnancy...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910944/-association-between-periconceptional-folic-acid-supplementation-and-small-for-gestational-age-birth-based-on-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index
#16
L L Guo, J X Shen, S H Ru, Y Wang, M Li, Y L Feng, P Zhang, W W Wu, S P Wang, Y W Zhang, H L Yang
Objective: To investigate the association between periconceptional folic acid supplementation and small for gestational age (SGA) birth based on maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and provide evidence for the development of comprehensive prevention programs on SGA birth. Methods: Between March, 2012 and September, 2016, a total of 8 523 pregnant women delivering in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were surveyed to collect the information about their demographic characteristics, folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy and about their infants...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910364/surge-of-immune-cell-formation-at-birth-differs-by-mode-of-delivery-and-infant-characteristics-a-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Titus Schlinzig, Stefan Johansson, Olof Stephansson, Lennart Hammarström, Rolf H Zetterström, Ulrika von Döbeln, Sven Cnattingius, Mikael Norman
BACKGROUND: Birth by cesarean section is associated with increased risks of immune disorders. We tested whether establishment of immune function at birth relates to mode of delivery, taking other maternal and infant characteristics into account. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a prospectively collected database, we retrieved information on maternal and infant characteristics of 6,014 singleton infants delivered from February to April 2014 in Stockholm, Sweden, with gestational age ≥35 weeks, Apgar scores ≥7, and without congenital malformations or any neonatal morbidity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904115/new-option-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list-allows-for-the-conversion-of-prevalence-of-small-for-gestational-age-and-preterm-births-to-prevalence-of-low-birth-weight
#18
REVIEW
Naoko Kozuki, Joanne Katz, Adrienne Clermont, Neff Walker
Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a software model that estimates the health impact of scaling up interventions on maternal and child health. One of the outputs of the model is an estimation of births by fetal size [appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) or small-for-gestational-age (SGA)] and by length of gestation (term or preterm), both of which influence birth weight. LiST uses prevalence estimates of births in these categories rather than of birth weight categories, because the causes and health consequences differ between SGA and preterm birth...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904112/modeling-the-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-birth-outcomes-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#19
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Adrienne Clermont, Erica Phillips
Background: Negative birth outcomes [small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PTB)] are common in low- and middle-income countries and have important subsequent health and developmental impacts on children. There are numerous nutritional and non-nutritional interventions that can decrease the risk of negative birth outcomes and reduce subsequent risk of mortality and growth faltering.Objective: The objective of this article was to review the current evidence for the impact of nutritional interventions in pregnancy [calcium supplementation, iron and folic acid supplementation, multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation, and balanced energy supplementation (BES)] and risk factors (maternal anemia) on birth outcomes, with the specific goal of determining which intervention-outcome linkages should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902629/individualised-growth-response-optimisation-igro-tool-an-accessible-and-easy-to-use-growth-prediction-system-to-enable-treatment-optimisation-for-children-treated-with-growth-hormone
#20
REVIEW
Jane Loftus, Anders Lindberg, Ferah Aydin, Roy Gomez, Mohamad Maghnie, Raoul Rooman, Heinz Steinkamp, Helmuth Doerr, Michael Ranke, Cecilia Camacho-Hubner
BACKGROUND: Growth prediction models (GPMs) exist to support clinical management of children treated with growth hormone (GH) for growth hormone deficiency (GHD), Turner syndrome (TS) and for short children born small for gestational age (SGA). Currently, no prediction system has been widely adopted. CONTENT: The objective was to develop a stand-alone web-based system to enable the widespread use of an 'individualised growth response optimisation' (iGRO) tool across European endocrinology clinics...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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