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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#1
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894181/total-knee-arthroplasty-for-severe-flexion-contracture-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-knees
#2
Youn Soo Hwang, Kyu Pill Moon, Kyung Taek Kim, Jin Wan Kim, Won Seok Park
Flexion contracture deformities, as well as severe varus and valgus deformities of the knee joint, accompany osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In particular, severe flexion contracture deformity of the knee joint is often found in patients with RA, which renders them nonambulatory. This report describes a 26-year-old female patient diagnosed with RA 10 years ago. She had chronic joint pain, severe flexion contracture, valgus deformity in both knees, and limited range of motion in both knees and became nonambulatory...
December 1, 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867519/force-plate-analyses-of-balance-following-a-balance-exercise-program-during-acute-post-operative-phase-in-individuals-with-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Pankaj Jogi, Aleksandra Zecevic, Tom J Overend, Sandi J Spaulding, John F Kramer
OBJECTIVES: Typical rehabilitation programs following total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty include joint range of motion and muscle-strengthening exercises. Balance and balance exercises following total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty have not received much attention. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an intervention of balance exercises added to a typical rehabilitation program positively affects patients' balance. METHODS: A total of 63 patients were provided with outpatient physical therapy at their home...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859527/gait-mechanics-and-second-acl-rupture-implications-for-delaying-return-to-sport
#4
Jacob J Capin, Ashutosh Khandha, Ryan Zarzycki, Kurt Manal, Thomas S Buchanan, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
Second anterior cruciate ligament rupture is a common and devastating injury among young women who return to sport after ACL reconstruction, but it is inadequately understood. The purpose of this study was to compare gait biomechanics and return-to-sport time frames in a matched cohort of young female athletes who, after primary ACLR, returned to sport without re-injury or sustained a second ACL injury. Approximately 6 months after primary reconstruction, 14 young women (age 16 ± 2 years) involved in jumping, cutting, and pivoting sports underwent motion analysis testing after physical therapy and impairment resolution...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848053/tourniquet-use-during-total-knee-arthroplasty-does-not-modulate-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-pain-or-activity
#5
Tyler Barker, Victoria E Rogers, Kimberly B Brown, Vanessa T Henriksen, G Lynn Rasmussen
: The purpose of our study was to identify the influence of tourniquet use during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) shortly after surgery and patient-reported outcomes (pain and physical activity) from outpatient physical therapy. This retrospective study consisted of 104 subjects who underwent primary unilateral TKA (51 subjects with and 53 subjects without tourniquet assistance) between 2010 and 2012. The NLR was calculated from the absolute neutrophil and lymphocyte counts obtained immediately before and after (1 and 2 days) knee arthroplasty...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826907/the-unstable-knee-in-congenital-limb-deficiency
#6
REVIEW
Gabriel T Mindler, Christof Radler, Rudolf Ganger
PURPOSE: Instability of the knee is a common finding in patients with congenital limb deficiency. The instability can be attributed to soft tissue abnormalities, frontal, sagittal or rotational deformity of the lower limb and bony dysplasia of the patella or of the femoral condyles. In most of the cases, these pathomorphologic changes stay asymptomatic in daily activity. However, instability can appear during deformity correction and bone-lengthening procedures, leading to flexion contracture or subluxation of the knee...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737293/does-accelerated-physical-therapy-after-elective-primary-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-facilitate-early-discharge
#7
Azim Karim, Luis Pulido, Stephen Incavo
Accelerated physical therapy (PT) protocols are a potential mechanism for achieving early mobilization and safe discharge from hospital after elective primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We compared 2 groups of patients who underwent elective unilateral THA or TKA-those who started PT the same day (Day 0) and those who started PT the next day (Non-Day 0). The difference in mean (SD) hospital length of stay between the Day 0 and Non-Day 0 groups was not statistically significant for THA patients, 2...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728948/factors-associated-with-range-of-motion-recovery-following-manipulation-under-anesthesia
#8
Ohannes F Plate, Andrew D Wohler, Matthew L Brown, Daniel Sun, Nora F Fino, Jason E Lang
INTRODUCTION: Stiffness and loss of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a complex and multifactorial complication that may require manipulation under anesthesia (MUA). However, patient and surgical factors that potentially influence the development of knee stiffness following TKA are not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to identify patient and surgical factors that may influence range of motion loss following TKA by assessing a cohort of patients that underwent MUA and comparing them to a matched cohort of patients without complications...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648788/an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-reducing-length-of-stay-in-joint-replacement-patients
#9
Lisa McCann-Spry, JoAnne Pelton, Glenda Grandy, Dawn Newell
Demand for hip and knee arthroplasty in the United States is rising rapidly. This is creating considerable strain on healthcare systems' institutional resources and finances. To reduce this strain, Spectrum Health in Grand Rapids, MI, developed a strategy to decrease length of stay for most primary hip and knee joint replacement patients. Four specific interventions were undertaken concurrently: (1) communication with providers, (2) modification of patient communications, (3) standardized risk assessment and prediction, and (4) physical therapy on POD (postoperative day) 0 (i...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629403/the-warwick-agreement-on-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-fai-syndrome-an-international-consensus-statement
#10
D R Griffin, E J Dickenson, J O'Donnell, R Agricola, T Awan, M Beck, J C Clohisy, H P Dijkstra, E Falvey, M Gimpel, R S Hinman, P Hölmich, A Kassarjian, H D Martin, R Martin, R C Mather, M J Philippon, M P Reiman, A Takla, K Thorborg, S Walker, A Weir, K L Bennell
The 2016 Warwick Agreement on femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome was convened to build an international, multidisciplinary consensus on the diagnosis and management of patients with FAI syndrome. 22 panel members and 1 patient from 9 countries and 5 different specialties participated in a 1-day consensus meeting on 29 June 2016. Prior to the meeting, 6 questions were agreed on, and recent relevant systematic reviews and seminal literature were circulated. Panel members gave presentations on the topics of the agreed questions at Sports Hip 2016, an open meeting held in the UK on 27-29 June...
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608746/innovative-multi-modal-physical-therapy-reduces-incidence-of-manipulation-under-anesthesia-mua-in-non-obese-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#11
Tanner McGinn, Morad Chughtai, Anil Bhave, Osman Ali, Prathik Mudaliar, Anton Khlopas, Steven F Harwin, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Patients may experience knee stiffness following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Non-operative measures, such as more physical therapy and special splints are warranted in such cases. In the event of failure of these measures to restore knee range of motion, more invasive procedures with higher risks, such as manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) or repeat surgery, can be utilized. Thus, it becomes essential to optimize their non-operative measures in order to avoid more invasive, riskier options...
September 10, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535440/reimbursement-related-to-a-90-day-episode-of-care-for-a-one-or-two-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#12
Sohrab S Virk, Frank M Phillips, Safdar N Khan
BACKGROUND: A bundled payment represents a single payment for services during an episode of care for a surgical procedure. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and associated 90-day costs have been suggested as a bundle amenable to such a payment structure; however, to our knowledge, there are limited available data with regard to costs related to this procedure and subsequent care. METHODS: The Medicare 5% National Sample Administrative Database was used to catalog clinical and financial data associated with the day of the surgical procedure and the 90-day postoperative period for patients undergoing a one to two-level ACDF procedure from 2005 to 2012...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520738/antibiotic-cement-coated-locking-plate-as-a-temporary-internal-fixator-for-femoral-osteomyelitis-defects
#13
Xin Yu, Hongri Wu, Jianhua Li, Zhao Xie
PURPOSE: Recently we modified the Masquelet technique by using an antibiotic cement-coated locking plate as a temporary internal fixator when treating septic bone defects. This modification is in order to prevent the complications related to external fixator use and provides the involved limb with a greater stability to undergo earlier and more vigorous physical therapy for recovery of joint function. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of large femoral osteomyelitis defects managed by Masquelet technique combined with the antibiotic cement-coated locking plate used as a temporary internal fixator...
August 13, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517069/evaluation-of-clinical-results-and-complications-of-structural-allograft-reconstruction-after-bone-tumor-surgery
#14
Mohammad Gharedaghi, Mohammad Taghi Peivandi, Mehdi Mazloomi, Hasan Rahimi Shoorin, Mohammad Hasani, Parham Seyf, Fatemeh Khazaee
BACKGROUND: Massive bone allograft is an option in cases of limb preservation and reconstruction after massive benign and malignant bone tumor resection. The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcome of these procedures at Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: In this study, 113 cases have been presented. Eleven cases were excluded (patients has a traumatic defect or they passed away before the completion of the study's two-year follow up period)...
June 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478579/transient-superficial-peroneal-nerve-palsy-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#15
Majed Alrowaili
A 19-year-old male subject was diagnosed with medial meniscal, lateral meniscal and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. The symptoms did not subside after 4 months of physical therapy, and he underwent arthroscopic partial medial and lateral meniscectomy and ACL reconstruction. Immediately after the patient woke up from general anesthesia, he started experience loss of sensation in the area of superficial peroneal nerve with inverted dorsiflexion of foot and ankle. Instantly, the bandage and knee brace was removed and a diagnosis of compartment syndrome was ruled out...
April 26, 2016: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442677/exercise-and-cancer-return-to-work-as-a-firefighter-with-ostomy-after-rectal-carcinoma-a-case-report
#16
Joachim Wiskemann, Kai Schommer, Dirk Jaeger, Friederike Scharhag-Rosenberger
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer survivors are deconditioned through anticancer therapy. Furthermore, about 10% of them have a permanent ostomy which is associated with weakened abdominal muscles and an increased risk of a hernia. This case study reports on how a firefighter with rectal carcinoma and ostomy was trained to regain operational fitness. METHODS: A 44-year-old firefighter (178 cm, 82 kg) with an adenocarcinoma of the rectum (diagnosed 24 months prior) had been treated with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy and surgery...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426445/management-of-neuropathic-pain-after-knee-surgery
#17
Pascale Vergne-Salle
Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) affects 10 to 30% of surgical patients overall and 16 to 20% of patients after knee surgery. Patients report persistent pain in the absence of infection, mechanical disorders, or complex regional pain syndrome type I. In many cases, the mechanism is neuropathic pain related to an intraoperative nerve injury or impaired pain modulation with central sensitization. The clinical risk factors and pathophysiology of CPSP are being actively investigated. Risk factors include preoperative pain; diffuse pain; severe pain during the immediate postoperative period; anxiety, depression, or cognitive distortions such as catastrophizing; and comorbidities...
July 14, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335812/orthopedic-disorders-of-the-knee-in-hemophilia-a-current-concept-review
#18
REVIEW
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan, Leonard A Valentino
The knee is frequently affected by severe orthopedic changes known as hemophilic arthropathy (HA) in patients with deficiency of coagulation factor VIII or IX and thus this manuscript seeks to present a current perspective of the role of the orthopedic surgeon in the management of these problems. Lifelong factor replacement therapy (FRT) is optimal to prevent HA, however adherence to this regerous treatment is challenging leading to breakthrough bleeding. In patients with chronic hemophilic synovitis, the prelude to HA, radiosynovectomy (RS) is the optimal to ameliorate bleeding...
June 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220395/effectiveness-of-an-aquatic-exercise-program-and-low-level-laser-therapy-on-articular-cartilage-in-an-experimental-model-of-osteoarthritis-in-rats
#19
Luiz Paulo Milares, Lívia Assis, Amanda Siqueira, Vitoria Claudino, Heloisa Domingos, Thais Almeida, Carla Tim, Ana Claudia Renno
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an aquatic exercise program and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) (associated or not) on degenerative modifications and inflammatory mediators on the articular cartilage using an experimental model of knee OA. METHOD: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: knee OA - without treatment (OA); OA plus exercise program group (OAE); OA plus LLLT (OAL); OA plus exercise program associated with LLLT (OAEL)...
September 2016: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190450/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-of-effects-of-hospitalization-and-long-term-rehabilitation-of-patients-following-lower-extremity-arthroplasty
#20
Yuma Sonoda, Shinichiro Sawano, Yuka Kojima, Masato Kugo, Masashi Taniguchi, Shoji Maegawa, Taku Kawasaki
[Purpose] This study was performed to examine the effects of subacute physical therapy (PT) on activities of daily living (ADL), quality of life, and geriatric aspects of patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). [Subjects] The subjects were TKA (n=56) and THA (n=39) patients who received PT on the first day of independent ADL (up to 2 weeks) and just prior to discharge (4 weeks). [Methods] The functional independence measure (FIM), grip strength, knee extension strength (KES), timed up and go (TUG) test, mini-mental state examination (MMSE), geriatric depression scale short form (GDS-15), fall efficacy scale (FES), and medical outcome study 8-item short-form health survey (SF-8) were used as outcome measure, and comorbidity involvement was also investigated...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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