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Physical therapy knee surgery

Azim Karim, Luis Pulido, Stephen Incavo
Accelerated physical therapy (PT) protocols are a potential mechanism for achieving early mobilization and safe discharge from hospital after elective primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We compared 2 groups of patients who underwent elective unilateral THA or TKA-those who started PT the same day (Day 0) and those who started PT the next day (Non-Day 0). The difference in mean (SD) hospital length of stay between the Day 0 and Non-Day 0 groups was not statistically significant for THA patients, 2...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Ohannes F Plate, Andrew D Wohler, Matthew L Brown, Daniel Sun, Nora F Fino, Jason E Lang
INTRODUCTION: Stiffness and loss of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a complex and multifactorial complication that may require manipulation under anesthesia (MUA). However, patient and surgical factors that potentially influence the development of knee stiffness following TKA are not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to identify patient and surgical factors that may influence range of motion loss following TKA by assessing a cohort of patients that underwent MUA and comparing them to a matched cohort of patients without complications...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Lisa McCann-Spry, JoAnne Pelton, Glenda Grandy, Dawn Newell
Demand for hip and knee arthroplasty in the United States is rising rapidly. This is creating considerable strain on healthcare systems' institutional resources and finances. To reduce this strain, Spectrum Health in Grand Rapids, MI, developed a strategy to decrease length of stay for most primary hip and knee joint replacement patients. Four specific interventions were undertaken concurrently: (1) communication with providers, (2) modification of patient communications, (3) standardized risk assessment and prediction, and (4) physical therapy on POD (postoperative day) 0 (i...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
D R Griffin, E J Dickenson, J O'Donnell, R Agricola, T Awan, M Beck, J C Clohisy, H P Dijkstra, E Falvey, M Gimpel, R S Hinman, P Hölmich, A Kassarjian, H D Martin, R Martin, R C Mather, M J Philippon, M P Reiman, A Takla, K Thorborg, S Walker, A Weir, K L Bennell
The 2016 Warwick Agreement on femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome was convened to build an international, multidisciplinary consensus on the diagnosis and management of patients with FAI syndrome. 22 panel members and 1 patient from 9 countries and 5 different specialties participated in a 1-day consensus meeting on 29 June 2016. Prior to the meeting, 6 questions were agreed on, and recent relevant systematic reviews and seminal literature were circulated. Panel members gave presentations on the topics of the agreed questions at Sports Hip 2016, an open meeting held in the UK on 27-29 June...
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Tanner McGinn, Morad Chughtai, Anil Bhave, Osman Ali, Prathik Mudaliar, Anton Khlopas, Steven F Harwin, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Patients may experience knee stiffness following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Non-operative measures, such as more physical therapy and special splints are warranted in such cases. In the event of failure of these measures to restore knee range of motion, more invasive procedures with higher risks, such as manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) or repeat surgery, can be utilized. Thus, it becomes essential to optimize their non-operative measures in order to avoid more invasive, riskier options...
September 10, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Sohrab S Virk, Frank M Phillips, Safdar N Khan
BACKGROUND: A bundled payment represents a single payment for services during an episode of care for a surgical procedure. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and associated 90-day costs have been suggested as a bundle amenable to such a payment structure; however, to our knowledge, there are limited available data with regard to costs related to this procedure and subsequent care. METHODS: The Medicare 5% National Sample Administrative Database was used to catalog clinical and financial data associated with the day of the surgical procedure and the 90-day postoperative period for patients undergoing a one to two-level ACDF procedure from 2005 to 2012...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Xin Yu, Hongri Wu, Jianhua Li, Zhao Xie
PURPOSE: Recently we modified the Masquelet technique by using an antibiotic cement-coated locking plate as a temporary internal fixator when treating septic bone defects. This modification is in order to prevent the complications related to external fixator use and provides the involved limb with a greater stability to undergo earlier and more vigorous physical therapy for recovery of joint function. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of large femoral osteomyelitis defects managed by Masquelet technique combined with the antibiotic cement-coated locking plate used as a temporary internal fixator...
August 13, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Mohammad Gharedaghi, Mohammad Taghi Peivandi, Mehdi Mazloomi, Hasan Rahimi Shoorin, Mohammad Hasani, Parham Seyf, Fatemeh Khazaee
BACKGROUND: Massive bone allograft is an option in cases of limb preservation and reconstruction after massive benign and malignant bone tumor resection. The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcome of these procedures at Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: In this study, 113 cases have been presented. Eleven cases were excluded (patients has a traumatic defect or they passed away before the completion of the study's two-year follow up period)...
June 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Majed Alrowaili
A 19-year-old male subject was diagnosed with medial meniscal, lateral meniscal and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. The symptoms did not subside after 4 months of physical therapy, and he underwent arthroscopic partial medial and lateral meniscectomy and ACL reconstruction. Immediately after the patient woke up from general anesthesia, he started experience loss of sensation in the area of superficial peroneal nerve with inverted dorsiflexion of foot and ankle. Instantly, the bandage and knee brace was removed and a diagnosis of compartment syndrome was ruled out...
April 26, 2016: Clinics and Practice
Joachim Wiskemann, Kai Schommer, Dirk Jaeger, Friederike Scharhag-Rosenberger
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer survivors are deconditioned through anticancer therapy. Furthermore, about 10% of them have a permanent ostomy which is associated with weakened abdominal muscles and an increased risk of a hernia. This case study reports on how a firefighter with rectal carcinoma and ostomy was trained to regain operational fitness. METHODS: A 44-year-old firefighter (178 cm, 82 kg) with an adenocarcinoma of the rectum (diagnosed 24 months prior) had been treated with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy and surgery...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Pascale Vergne-Salle
Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) affects 10 to 30% of surgical patients overall and 16 to 20% of patients after knee surgery. Patients report persistent pain in the absence of infection, mechanical disorders, or complex regional pain syndrome type I. In many cases, the mechanism is neuropathic pain related to an intraoperative nerve injury or impaired pain modulation with central sensitization. The clinical risk factors and pathophysiology of CPSP are being actively investigated. Risk factors include preoperative pain; diffuse pain; severe pain during the immediate postoperative period; anxiety, depression, or cognitive distortions such as catastrophizing; and comorbidities...
July 14, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan, Leonard A Valentino
The knee is frequently affected by severe orthopedic changes known as hemophilic arthropathy (HA) in patients with deficiency of coagulation factor VIII or IX and thus this manuscript seeks to present a current perspective of the role of the orthopedic surgeon in the management of these problems. Lifelong factor replacement therapy (FRT) is optimal to prevent HA, however adherence to this regerous treatment is challenging leading to breakthrough bleeding. In patients with chronic hemophilic synovitis, the prelude to HA, radiosynovectomy (RS) is the optimal to ameliorate bleeding...
June 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Luiz Paulo Milares, Lívia Assis, Amanda Siqueira, Vitoria Claudino, Heloisa Domingos, Thais Almeida, Carla Tim, Ana Claudia Renno
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an aquatic exercise program and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) (associated or not) on degenerative modifications and inflammatory mediators on the articular cartilage using an experimental model of knee OA. METHOD: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: knee OA - without treatment (OA); OA plus exercise program group (OAE); OA plus LLLT (OAL); OA plus exercise program associated with LLLT (OAEL)...
September 2016: Connective Tissue Research
Yuma Sonoda, Shinichiro Sawano, Yuka Kojima, Masato Kugo, Masashi Taniguchi, Shoji Maegawa, Taku Kawasaki
[Purpose] This study was performed to examine the effects of subacute physical therapy (PT) on activities of daily living (ADL), quality of life, and geriatric aspects of patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). [Subjects] The subjects were TKA (n=56) and THA (n=39) patients who received PT on the first day of independent ADL (up to 2 weeks) and just prior to discharge (4 weeks). [Methods] The functional independence measure (FIM), grip strength, knee extension strength (KES), timed up and go (TUG) test, mini-mental state examination (MMSE), geriatric depression scale short form (GDS-15), fall efficacy scale (FES), and medical outcome study 8-item short-form health survey (SF-8) were used as outcome measure, and comorbidity involvement was also investigated...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Luciana Rebecca Russo, Maria Grazia Benedetti, Elisabetta Mariani, Tommaso Roberti di Sarsina, Stefano Zaffagnini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized double-blind study was to investigate the effectiveness of the Videoinsight(®) psychological enhancing method in promoting early recovery during rehabilitation following total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: One-hundred and ten patients treated with cemented total knee arthroplasty were randomly assigned to Group A or Group B, and both groups underwent the same rehabilitation programme. Group A (55 patients) received one art video selected according to Videoinsight(®) concept...
May 9, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Peter M Formby, Michael A Donohue, Christopher J Cannova, J Patrick Caulfield
BACKGROUND: Arthrofibrosis following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common problem, which can be frustrating to both the patient and treating physician and can dramatically compromise post-operative function. Current treatment options for TKA arthrofibrosis include watchful waiting, injections, physical therapy, manipulation under anaesthesia, arthroscopic/open lysis of adhesions and revision surgery. We present a novel technique to treat acute and chronic stiffness following TKA, which we call hydraulic distension...
June 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Yoshinori Okamoto, Shuhei Otsuki, Tsuyoshi Jotoku, Mikio Nakajima, Masashi Neo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the hindfoot alignment and symptoms in patients with pre-existing moderate and severe knee deformities after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Eighty knees of 75 patients who underwent TKA for varus osteoarthritis were enrolled retrospectively and evaluated the following pre-operatively and at 2 years post-operatively: the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scale (pain and function scores), calcaneal pitch, and naviculocuboid overlap as an indicator of hindfoot alignment...
April 7, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Heather L Gelhorn, Sandra Tong, Kelly McQuarrie, Christina Vernon, Jennifer Hanlon, Grant Maclaine, William Lenderking, Xin Ye, Rebecca M Speck, Richard D Lackman, Susan V Bukata, John H Healey, Vicki L Keedy, Stephen P Anthony, Andrew J Wagner, Daniel D Von Hoff, Arun S Singh, Carlos R Becerra, Henry H Hsu, Paul S Lin, William D Tap
PURPOSE: Tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT), a rare locally aggressive neoplasm of the synovium of joints and tendon sheaths, is associated with joint destruction, inflammation, pain, and swelling, in part due to colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor-bearing macrophages recruited to the tumor by genetic elevation of colony-stimulating factor 1 activity. The most common treatment is surgery, although promising pharmacologic treatments are in development. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments are critical end points in demonstrating the clinical relevance of standard oncologic outcome measures and the overall impact of novel pharmacologic therapies in nonmalignant neoplastic conditions such as TGCT...
April 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
Allan Villadsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Jacob Budny, Joseph Fox, Michael Rauh, Marc Fineberg
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most commonly performed and researched orthopedic procedures. As technology and comparative research have advanced, surgical practices have changed to achieve a superior outcome. Our group performed a survey of orthopedic surgeons to evaluate current practice trends and techniques as a follow-up to similar surveys performed in 1999 and 2006. In a survey between 2013 and 2014 consisting of 35 questions regarding the surgical technique, graft choice, fixation method, and perioperative care in ACL reconstruction was sent electronically to the members of the American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine and the Arthroscopy Association of North America...
March 28, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
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