keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical therapy knee surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847145/operative-repair-of-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-injury-versus-knee-brace-in-children-with-an-acute-first-time-traumatic-patellar-dislocation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Marie Askenberger, Eva Bengtsson Moström, Wilhelmina Ekström, Elizabeth A Arendt, Anna Hellsten, Christina Mikkelsen, Per-Mats Janarv
BACKGROUND: A lateral patellar dislocation (LPD) is the most common traumatic knee injury with hemarthrosis in children. The redislocation rate is high. Varying operative and nonoperative treatments have been advocated with no consensus on the best treatment. PURPOSE: (1) To evaluate if arthroscopic-assisted repair of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) in patients with an acute first-time traumatic LPD would reduce the recurrence rate and offer better objective/subjective knee function compared with a knee brace without repair...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764447/efficacy-of-intra-articular-hypertonic-dextrose-prolotherapy-versus-normal-saline-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-protocol-for-a-triple-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Regina Wing Shan Sit, Ricky Wing Keung Wu, Kenneth Dean Reeves, David Rabago, Dicken Cheong Chun Chan, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
BACKGROUND: Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA) is a very common condition with prevalence rising with age. It is a major contributor to global disability and has a large socioeconomic burden worldwide. Conservative therapies have marginal effectiveness, and surgery is reserved for severe symptomatic KOA. Dextrose Prolotherapy (DPT) is an evidence-based injection-based therapy for chronic musculoskeletal conditions including KOA. The standard "whole joint" injection method includes intra-articular injection and multiple extra-articular injections at soft tissue bony attachments...
May 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739632/outcomes-and-factors-influencing-response-to-an-individualized-multidisciplinary-chronic-disease-management-program-for-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
David P Gwynne-Jones, Andrew R Gray, Liam R Hutton, Kirsten M Stout, J Haxby Abbott
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of, and factors associated with, response to a chronic disease management program for patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Over a 2-year period (2012-2014), 218 patients (97 hip OA; 121 knee OA) were managed with an individualized program of interventions that could include education, physiotherapy, orthotics, occupational therapy, or dietitian referral. Changes in Oxford Hip Score or Oxford Knee Score and Short Form-12 (SF-12) Physical and Mental Component Summary Score (PCS, MCS) were analyzed by joint affected, both unadjusted, and gender and age adjusted...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719080/lymphovenous-anastomosis-and-debulking-procedure-for-treatment-of-combined-severe-lower-extremity-and-genital-lymphedema-a-case-report
#4
Mario F Scaglioni, Semra Uyulmaz
Lymphedema most commonly occurs after cancer treatment and can affect limbs and genitalia. Genital lymphedema (GL) is a rare condition and can be disabling psychologically and physically. It often occurs along with lower extremity lymphedema (LEL). Conservative and physiologic reconstructive surgery such as lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) offer good treatment options for LEL. GL however remains a reconstructive dilemma. The most effective surgical therapies in advanced GL are still debulking procedures in properly selected patients...
May 2, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705075/effectiveness-of-continuous-versus-single-injection-femoral-nerve-block-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-double-blinded-randomized-trial
#5
Varun Dixit, Samreen Fathima, Stephen M Walsh, Alexandru Seviciu, Ivan Schwendt, Karl-Heinz Spittler, Dana Briggs
BACKGROUND: Effective analgesia following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is important for maximizing patient satisfaction, early participation in physical therapy and reducing the hospital stay. This trial compared continuous catheter femoral nerve block (cFNB) to single injection femoral nerve block (sFNB) in terms of analgesia, opioid consumption, and participation in physical therapy and associated side effects. METHODS: This randomized, double blinded trial was conducted in a non-university hospital setting, without major changes to anesthesia or surgical clinical pathways...
April 26, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695370/effects-of-a-12-week-digital-care-program-for-chronic-knee-pain-on-pain-mobility-and-surgery-risk-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Gabriel Mecklenburg, Peter Smittenaar, Jennifer C Erhart-Hledik, Daniel A Perez, Simon Hunter
BACKGROUND: Chronic knee pain, most commonly caused by knee osteoarthritis, is a prevalent condition which in most cases can be effectively treated through conservative, non-surgical care involving exercise therapy, education, psychosocial support, and weight loss. However, most people living with chronic knee pain do not receive adequate care, leading to unnecessary use of opiates and surgical procedures. OBJECTIVE: Assess the efficacy of a remotely delivered digital care program for chronic knee pain...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688961/does-total-intravenous-anesthesia-with-short-acting-spinal-anesthetics-in-primary-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-facilitate-early-hospital-discharge
#7
Derek M Klavas, Azim Karim, Bradley S Lambert, Marley Sam Ferris, Domenica Delgado, Stephen J Incavo
INTRODUCTION: Our study assessed the effect of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with short-acting spinal anesthesia and aggressive day-of-surgery postoperative day 0 physical therapy (POD#0 PT) on hospital length of stay (LOS) in patients who underwent primary total joint arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective chart review compared the hospital LOS of 116 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty with TIVA and short-acting spinal blockade ("Updated protocol group") with that of the control group of 228 patients who were under standard anesthesia ("Traditional protocol group")...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669488/physical-activity-and-exercise-therapy-benefit-more-than-just-symptoms-and-impairments-in-people-with-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Søren T Skou, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, J Haxby Abbott, Brooke Patterson, Christian Barton
Synopsis Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee is among the leading causes of global disability, highlighting the need for early, targeted, and effective treatment. The benefits of exercise therapy in people with hip and knee OA are substantial and supported by high-quality evidence, underlining that it should be part of first-line treatment in clinical practice. Furthermore, unlike other treatments for OA, such as analgesia and surgery, exercise therapy is not associated with risk of serious harm. Helping people with OA become more physically active, along with structured exercise therapy targeting symptoms and impairments, is crucial, considering that the majority of people with hip and knee OA do not meet physical activity recommendations...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599033/periarticular-ropivacaine-cocktail-is-equivalent-to-liposomal-bupivacaine-cocktail-in-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Jonathan R Danoff, Rahul Goel, R Andrew Henderson, James Fraser, Peter F Sharkey
BACKGROUND: This study compares the effectiveness of 2 commonly used periarticular injection formulations: liposomal bupivacaine and bupivacaine (EXP) and ropivacaine, epinephrine, ketorolac, and clonidine (ROP) in patients undergoing bilateral total knee arthroplasty or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Twenty-six total knee arthroplasty patients (52 knees) and 3 unicompartmental knee arthroplasty patients (6 knees) undergoing simultaneous, bilateral arthroplasty were randomized to receive periarticular injections in a blinded fashion...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#10
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 , 3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571089/long-term-gait-outcomes-following-conservative-management-of-idiopathic-toe-walking
#11
Karen Davies, Alec Black, Michael Hunt, Liisa Holsti
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic toe walking is a diagnosis of exclusion characterized by a persistent toe-toe gait pattern after three years of age. Treatment for toe walking includes physical therapy, orthotics, casting, Botulinum Toxin A injection into gastrocnemius/soleus muscles, and/or surgery; yet, little evidence exists regarding long-term treatment effects. RESEARCH QUESTION: The objective of this study was to explore the differences in longer-term gait outcomes and severity of idiopathic toe walking between children treated actively with casting or inactively following recommendations for stretching...
May 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560399/tranexamic-acid-increases-early-perioperative-functional-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Matthew J Grosso, David P Trofa, Jonathan R Danoff, Thomas R Hickernell, Taylor Murtaugh, Akshay Lakra, Jeffrey A Geller
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of tranexamic acid (TXA) on functional outcomes in the immediate postoperative period after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We hypothesized that the known benefits of TXA would confer measurable clinical improvements in physical therapy (PT) performance, decrease pain, and decrease hospital length of stay (LOS). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 560 TKA patients, including 280 consecutive patients whose surgery was performed before the initiation of a standardized TXA protocol and the first 280 patients who received TXA after protocol initiation...
March 2018: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529614/preoperative-physical-therapy-education-reduces-time-to-meet-functional-milestones-after-total-joint-arthroplasty
#13
Rupali Soeters, Peter B White, Mary Murray-Weir, Jayme C B Koltsov, Michael M Alexiades, Amar S Ranawat
BACKGROUND: As length of stay decreases for total joint arthroplasty, much of the patient preparation and teaching previously done in the hospital must be performed before surgery. However, the most effective form of preparation is unknown. This randomized trial evaluated the effect of a one-time, one-on-one preoperative physical therapy education session coupled with a web-based microsite (preopPTEd) on patients' readiness to discharge from physical therapy (PT), length of hospital stay, and patient-reported functional outcomes after total joint arthroplasty...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482413/antigravity-treadmill-training-during-the-early-rehabilitation-phase-following-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#14
Chun-Hao Huang, E Todd Schroeder, Christopher Powers
Patients who have undergone unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) have been reported to exhibit altered gait 19-25 months post-surgery. The most common gait impairment in this population is inadequate knee flexion and a corresponding decrease in the knee extensor moment during loading response (i.e., quadriceps avoidance). The purpose of this case series was to determine whether incorporation of antigravity treadmill training into a standard physical therapy program can eliminate quadriceps avoidance gait during the early rehabilitation phase following UKA...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468518/cultural-factors-influencing-osteoarthritis-care-in-asian-communities-a-review-of-the-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Thrmiga Sathiyamoorthy, Shabana Amanda Ali, Marita Kloseck
With the prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) increasing internationally, there is a need to study the impact of this disease on culturally diverse populations. Individuals of Asian descent make up more than 60% of the world population, yet comprehensive information on the cultural factors that impact OA care is not available. Scoping review methodology using directed content analysis was employed to identify and analyze existing research on OA care for Asians. A categorization matrix was developed using the six care areas from the OA clinical practice guidelines along with an additional three non-clinical areas (cross-cultural adaptation of clinical tools; psychological well-being; family systems and informal care) identified in an initial scan resulting in a total of nine OA care areas to guide initial coding...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429882/mepivacaine-spinal-anesthesia-facilitates-rapid-recovery-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-compared-to-bupivacaine
#16
M Chad Mahan, Toufic R Jildeh, Troy N Tenbrunsel, Jason J Davis
BACKGROUND: Mepivacaine as a spinal anesthetic for rapid recovery in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has not been assessed. The purpose of this study is to compare spinal mepivacaine vs bupivacaine for postoperative measures in patients undergoing primary TKA. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively collected single-institution database was performed on 156 consecutive patients who underwent primary TKA. Fifty-three patients were administered mepivacaine and 103 patients were administered bupivacaine...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424236/home-based-pre-surgical-psychological-intervention-for-knee-osteoarthritis-happiknees-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Roshan das Nair, Jacqueline R Mhizha-Murira, Pippa Anderson, Hannah Carpenter, Simon Clarke, Sam Groves, Paul Leighton, Brigitte E Scammell, Gogem Topcu, David A Walsh, Nadina B Lincoln
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of conducting a trial of a pre-surgical psychological intervention on pain, function, and mood in people with knee osteoarthritis listed for total knee arthroplasty. DESIGN: Multi-centre, mixed-methods feasibility randomized controlled trial of intervention plus usual care versus usual care. SETTING: Participants' homes or hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with knee osteoarthritis listed for total knee arthroplasty and score >7 on either subscales of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245244/effect-of-joint-mobilization-techniques-for-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jiao Xu, Juan Zhang, Xue-Qiang Wang, Xuan-Lin Wang, Ya Wu, Chan-Cheng Chen, Han-Yu Zhang, Zhi-Wan Zhang, Kai-Yi Fan, Qiang Zhu, Zhi-Wei Deng
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become the most preferred procedure by patients for the relief of pain caused by knee osteoarthritis. TKA patients aim a speedy recovery after the surgery. Joint mobilization techniques for rehabilitation have been widely used to relieve pain and improve joint mobility. However, relevant randomized controlled trials showing the curative effect of these techniques remain lacking to date. Accordingly, this study aims to investigate whether joint mobilization techniques are valid for primary TKA...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204497/decreased-risk-of-knee-buckling-with-adductor-canal-block-versus-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Ryan R Thacher, Thomas R Hickernell, Matthew J Grosso, Roshan Shah, Herbert J Cooper, Robert Maniker, Anthony Robin Brown, Jeffrey Geller
Background: Femoral nerve (FNB) and adductor canal blocks (ACB) are used in the setting of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but neither has been demonstrated to be clearly superior. Although dynamometer studies have shown ACBs spare perioperative quadriceps function when compared to FNBs, ACBs have been widely adopted in orthopaedic surgery without significant evidence that they decrease the risk of perioperative falls. Methods: All patients who received single-shot FNB (129 patients) or ACB (150 patients) at our institution for unilateral primary TKA from April 2014 to September 2015 were retrospectively reviewed for perioperative falls or near-falls during physical therapy and inpatient care...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190367/early-experience-with-bilateral-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-and-single-injection-spinal-anesthesia-for-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#20
Matthew R Patrick, Hari K Parvataneni, Donald S Bohannon, André P Boezaart
Objective: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly performed surgery in the United States, with demand for unilateral and simultaneous bilateral TKAs (BTKAs) expected to increase significantly over the coming decades. This study reports the authors' early experience in a consecutive series of simultaneous BTKAs performed under regional anesthesia and mild sedation. Methods: In this retrospective case series, the authors examined all simultaneous BTKAs performed over two years by a single surgeon...
November 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
keyword
keyword
21439
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"