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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244675/high-pressure-injection-injury-caused-by-electronic-cigarette-explosion-a-case-report
#1
Ian Foran, Nikhil R Oak, Matthew J Meunier
CASE: Electronic cigarettes are an increasingly popular and poorly regulated alternative to traditional cigarettes that deliver nicotine and other aerosolized substances to the user via a battery-powered atomizer. We report a case in which an electronic cigarette explosion resulted in a high-pressure injection injury of the finger. CONCLUSION: Explosions involving electronic cigarettes and similar handheld products should be treated as high-pressure injection injuries until proven otherwise...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242110/initiation-of-traditional-cigarette-smoking-after-electronic-cigarette-use-among-tobacco-na%C3%A3-ve-u-s-young-adults
#2
Brian A Primack, Ariel Shensa, Jaime E Sidani, Beth L Hoffman, Samir Soneji, James D Sargent, Robert Hoffman, Michael J Fine
BACKGROUND: While electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may help some smokers quit, some young adult never-smokers are now using e-cigarettes recreationally, potentially increasing their risk for initiation of smoking. We aimed to determine the association between baseline e-cigarette use and subsequent initiation of cigarette smoking among initially never-smoking young adults. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study with assessments at baseline (March 2013) and follow-up (October 2014)...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241986/the-effects-of-gender-and-sexuality-based-harassment-on-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-substance-use-disparities
#3
Robert W S Coulter, Melina Bersamin, Stephen T Russell, Christina Mair
PURPOSE: We tested three competing models about whether gender- and sexuality-based harassment at school have nonindependent, additive, or interactive effects on adolescents' electronic cigarette use (i.e., vaping), cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and heavy episodic drinking (HED). We also tested whether harassment mediated substance use disparities between lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) adolescents and their cisgender heterosexual peers. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey, including 316,766 students in grades 7, 9, and 11 from more than 1,500 middle and high schools...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240728/state-laws-regarding-indoor-public-use-retail-sales-and-prices-of-electronic-cigarettes-u-s-states-guam-puerto-rico-and-u-s-virgin-islands-september-30-2017
#4
Kristy Marynak, Brandon Kenemer, Brian A King, Michael A Tynan, Allison MacNeil, Elizabeth Reimels
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are the most frequently used tobacco product among U.S. youths, and past 30-day e-cigarette use is more prevalent among high school students than among adults (1,2). E-cigarettes typically deliver nicotine, and the U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that nicotine exposure during adolescence can cause addiction and can harm the developing adolescent brain (2). Through authority granted by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) prohibits e-cigarette sales to minors, free samples, and vending machine sales, except in adult-only facilities (3)...
December 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236542/systematic-review-of-health-communication-for-non-cigarette-tobacco-products
#5
Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Seth M Noar, Erin L Sutfin
The Food and Drug Administration, which now has regulatory authority over all tobacco products meeting the statutory definition, is tasked with communicating the risks of these products to the public through health warnings and public education. However, there have been no attempts to summarize what is known about non-cigarette tobacco product (NCTP) health messaging. We conducted a systematic review to examine the existing literature on health communication for NCTPs and identify key research gaps. A total of 45 unique studies were retrieved and coded, with the majority focused on messaging for smokeless tobacco (SLT, k = 32, 71...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236529/the-effects-of-varying-electronic-cigarette-warning-label-design-features-on-attention-recall-and-product-perceptions-among-young-adults
#6
Darren Mays, Andrea Villanti, Raymond S Niaura, Eric N Lindblom, Andrew A Strasser
This study was a 3 (Brand: Blu, MarkTen, Vuse) by 3 (Warning Size: 20%, 30%, or 50% of advertisement surface) by 2 (Warning Background: White, Red) experimental investigation of the effects of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) warning label design features. Young adults aged 18-30 years (n = 544) were recruited online, completed demographic and tobacco use history measures, and randomized to view e-cigarette advertisements with warning labels that varied by the experimental conditions. Participants completed a task assessing self-reported visual attention to advertisements with a-priori regions of interest defined around warning labels...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233384/community-education-by-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-students-increasing-electronic-cigarette-awareness-amongst-teens
#7
Amanda M Morrill, Cheryl A Abel, Megan Januszweski, Bradley Chamberlain
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) is a device used to mimic the experience of smoking tobacco cigarettes. Considering their growing popularity amongst adolescents, it is imperative that education surrounding e-cigarettes be provided. The purpose of this project is to describe the development and delivery of a pilot interactive presentation and survey tool by doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) candidates to gauge the use and understanding of e-cigarettes amongst teens...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233367/electronic-cigarette-use-knowledge-and-perceptions-among-health-professional-students
#8
Amy M Franks, William A Hawes, Keith R McCain, Nalin Payakachat
INTRODUCTION: Our study evaluated the electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, knowledge, and perceptions of health professional students enrolled in one of five colleges at a single academic health center. METHODS: A 56-item survey was conducted to examine the use, knowledge, and perceptions of e-cigarettes among health professional students. An e-cigarette knowledge score was calculated according to correct responses to eight true-false survey items, with possible scores ranging from zero to eight points...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226755/vaccination-rates-in-patients-with-medical-indications-for-the-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-in-a-family-medicine-clinic
#9
Anthony Trovato, Karen Gunning, Karly Pippitt
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal vaccination rates among high-risk patients (eg, diabetes, asthma, smoking) seen in 2 family medicine clinics are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination rates and reasons for nonvaccination among patients with diabetes and asthma and patients who smoke. METHODS: A chart review at 2 family medicine residency training clinics showed 425 patients with a medical indication for PPSV23 were seen between April 1, 2015, and April 30, 2015...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223916/performance-of-cigarette-susceptibility-index-among-e-cigarette-and-hookah-users
#10
Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Adam M Leventhal, Todd A Alonzo, Tess Boley Cruz, Robert Urman, Feifei Liu, Mary Ann Pentz, Jennifer B Unger, Rob McConnell
OBJECTIVE: Susceptibility to cigarette smoking has been used since the mid-1990s as a measure to identify youth at risk of cigarette initiation. However, it is unclear how well this measure predicts future smoking among electronic (e-)cigarette or hookah users, or among those in tobacco-friendly social environments. METHODS: We used prospective data from the Southern California Children's Health Study to evaluate the performance (sensitivity, specificity, predictive value) of a composite index assessing susceptibility to smoking, and to evaluate whether performance of the measure differed by use of e-cigarettes or hookah, or immersion in a tobacco-friendly social environment...
August 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215738/electronic-cigarette-a-recent-update-of-its-toxic-effects-on-humans
#11
REVIEW
Shu-Jie Huang, Yan-Ming Xu, Andy T Y Lau
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), battery-powered and liquid-vaporizing devices, were invented to replace the conventional cigarette (c-cigarette) smoking for the sake of reducing the adverse effects on multiple organ systems that c-cigarettes have induced. Although some of the identified harmful components in e-cigarettes were alleged to be measured in lower quantity than those in c-cigarettes, researchers unveiled that the toxic effects of e-cigarettes should not be understated. This review is sought for an attempt to throw light on several typical types of e-cigarette components (tobacco-specific nitrosamines, carbonyl compounds, and volatile organic compounds) by revealing their possible impacts on human bodies through different action mechanisms characterized by alteration of specific biomarkers on cellular and molecular levels...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215731/eucalyptol-protects-lungs-against-bacterial-invasion-through-attenuating-ciliated-cell-damage-and-suppressing-muc5ac-expression
#12
Na Yu, Yi-Tian Sun, Xin-Ming Su, Miao He, Bing Dai, Jian Kang
This study was conducted to investigate whether Eucalyptol plays a role in influencing bacterial growth in cigarette smoke exposed lungs. Rats were exposed to air (control) and cigarette smoke (smoking) in presence and absence of Eucalyptol (260 mg/day). Morphological analysis of lung structures and status of airway mucous production were observed under a microscope. Pathological changes of ciliated columnar epithelium in airways were examined using transmission electron microscopy. MUC5AC protein and mRNA expression in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lungs were determined...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214890/electronic-cigarettes-an-aid-in-smoking-cessation-or-a-new-health-hazard
#13
Konstantinos Farsalinos
The issue of electronic cigarettes is one of the most controversial topics in public health. There is intense debate and dividing opinions about their use patterns, health effects and association with smoking. This is expected since they were only recently introduced to the market and they refer to a harm-reduction approach and strategy that is not universally accepted for smoking and tobacco use in the public health community. Three main factors determine the public health impact of electronic cigarettes: (1) their safety/risk profile, both relative to smoking and in absolute terms; (2) their effectiveness for smoking reduction and cessation; (3) the patterns of use by different population subgroups, especially never-smokers, and adoption of use by youth...
December 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208738/a-new-form-of-nicotine-retailers-a-systematic-review-of-the-sales-and-marketing-practices-of-vape-shops
#14
REVIEW
Joseph G L Lee, Elizabeth N Orlan, Kerry B Sewell, Kurt M Ribisl
OBJECTIVE: Retailers that primarily or exclusively sell electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or vaping products represent a new category of tobacco retailer. We sought to identify (a) how vape shops can be identified and (b) sales and marketing practices of vape shops. DATA SOURCES: A medical librarian iteratively developed a search strategy and in February 2017 searched seven academic databases (ABI/INFORM Complete, ECONLit, Embase, Entrepreneurship, PsycINFO, PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus)...
December 5, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206852/psychological-pharmacological-and-combined-smoking-cessation-interventions-for-smokers-with-current-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Roberto Secades-Villa, Alba González-Roz, Ángel García-Pérez, Elisardo Becoña
We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis (ID: CRD42016051017) of smoking cessation interventions for patients with current depression. We examined the effectiveness of smoking cessation treatments in improving abstinence rates and depressive symptoms. The following electronic databases were used for potentially eligible studies: PUBMED, PSYCINFO, DIALNET and WEB OF KNOWLEDGE. The search terms used were: smoking cessation, depressive disorder, depression, mood, depressive, depressed, smoking, smokers, nicotine, nicotine dependence, and tobacco cigarette smoking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203523/trajectories-of-e-cigarette-and-conventional-cigarette-use-among-youth
#16
Krysten W Bold, Grace Kong, Deepa R Camenga, Patricia Simon, Dana A Cavallo, Meghan E Morean, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is common among youth, and there are concerns that e-cigarette use leads to future conventional cigarette use. We examined longitudinal associations between past-month cigarette and e-cigarette use to characterize the stability and directionality of these tobacco use trajectories over time. METHODS: High school students (N = 808, 53% female) completed surveys across 3 waves (2013, 2014, and 2015) in 3 public schools in Connecticut...
December 4, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200550/-vaping-emergence-of-a-new-paraphernalia
#17
REVIEW
Subrata Naskar, Praveen Kumar Jakati
As research, has progressed through ages, we have been able to uncover the true nature of nicotine addiction. Humankind is now aware of the various ailments that it brings with it. As the slogan for a smokeless world for a better world has been raised, a new practice called "vaping" has come to the forefront. The use of electronic cigarettes (EC) has been on the rise recently. Claims have been made over its role for nicotine deaddiction as well as reducing harmful use for chronic nicotine abusers. In the current review, we searched the PubMed database for available literatures on this practice...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195730/tobacco-smoking-and-electronic-cigarette-two-sides-of-the-same-coin
#18
EDITORIAL
Dimitris Tousoulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192506/extensive-hand-thermal-and-blast-injury-from-electronic-cigarette-explosion-a-case-report
#19
Ellen S Satteson, Nicholas J Walker, Christopher J Tuohy, Joseph A Molnar
BACKGROUND: As the use of electronic cigarettes rises, more reports of injuries related to device explosion are surfacing. METHODS: Presented here is the case of a 35-year-old man sustaining extensive thermal and blast injuries to his hand when the device exploded while he was holding it. He required multiple surgeries involving groin flap coverage, tendon transfer, and nerve grafting to optimize his postinjury function. RESULTS: While much of his hand function has been restored, he has continued deficits in range of motion and sensation as a result of the incident...
November 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191599/limited-mutagenicity-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-mouse-or-human-cells-in-vitro
#20
Stella Tommasi, Steven E Bates, Rachel Z Behar, Prue Talbot, Ahmad Besaratinia
OBJECTIVES: Electronic cigarettes (e-cig), which are promoted as safe alternatives to tobacco cigarettes or as aides to smoking cessation, are becoming increasingly popular among adult chronic smokers and adolescents experimenting with tobacco products. Despite the known presence of toxicants and carcinogens in e-cig liquid and vapor, the possible carcinogenic effects of e-cig use in humans are unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have utilized two validated in vitro model systems to investigate whether e-cig vapor induces mutation in mouse or human cells...
October 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
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