keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Electronic cigarette

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431562/effects-of-the-common-polymorphism-in-the-human-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-2-aldh2-gene-on-the-lung
#1
Aoi Kuroda, Ahmed E Hegab, Gao Jingtao, Shuji Yamashita, Nobuyuki Hizawa, Tohru Sakamoto, Hideyasu Yamada, Satoshi Suzuki, Makoto Ishii, Ho Namkoong, Takanori Asakura, Mari Ozaki, Hiroyuki Yasuda, Junko Hamamoto, Shizuko Kagawa, Kenzo Soejima, Tomoko Betsuyaku
BACKGROUND: Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) play a major role in detoxification of aldehydes. High expression of ALDHs is a marker for stem cells of many organs including the lungs. A common polymorphism in ALDH2 gene (ALDH2*2) results in inactivation of the enzyme and is associated with alcohol flushing syndrome and increased risk for cardiovascular and Alzheimer's diseases and some cancers. The effect of this ALDH2 polymorphism on the lung and its stem cells has not been thoroughly examined...
April 21, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420881/reduced-biological-effect-of-e-cigarette-aerosol-compared-to-cigarette-smoke-evaluated-in-vitro-using-normalized-nicotine-dose-and-rna-seq-based-toxicogenomics
#2
Linsey E Haswell, Andrew Baxter, Anisha Banerjee, Ivan Verrastro, Jessica Mushonganono, Jason Adamson, David Thorne, Marianna Gaça, Emmanuel Minet
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) use has increased globally and could potentially offer a lower risk alternative to cigarette smoking. Here, we assessed the transcriptional response of a primary 3D airway model acutely exposed to e-cigarette aerosol and cigarette (3R4F) smoke. Aerosols were generated with standard intense smoking regimens with careful consideration for dose by normalizing the exposures to nicotine. Two e-cigarette aerosol dilutions were tested for equivalent and higher nicotine delivery compared to 3R4F...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414981/claims-in-vapour-device-e-cigarette-regulation-a-narrative-policy-framework-analysis
#3
Renée O'Leary, Ron Borland, Tim Stockwell, Marjorie MacDonald
BACKGROUND: The electronic cigarette or e-cigarette (vapour device) is a consumer product undergoing rapid growth, and governments have been adopting regulations on the sale of the devices and their nicotine liquids. Competing claims about vapour devices have ignited a contentious debate in the public health community. What claims have been taken up in the state arena, and how have they possibly influenced regulatory outcomes? METHODS: This study utilized Narrative Policy Framework to analyze the claims made about vapour devices in legislation recommendation reports from Queensland Australia, Canada, and the European Union, and the 2016 deeming rule legislation from the United States, and examined the claims and the regulatory outcomes in these jurisdictions...
April 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414730/elements-including-metals-in-the-atomizer-and-aerosol-of-disposable-electronic-cigarettes-and-electronic-hookahs
#4
Monique Williams, Krassimir Bozhilov, Sanjay Ghai, Prue Talbot
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to quantify 36 inorganic chemical elements in aerosols from disposable electronic cigarettes (ECs) and electronic hookahs (EHs), examine the effect of puffing topography on elements in aerosols, and identify the source of the elements. METHODS: Thirty-six inorganic chemical elements and their concentrations in EC/EH aerosols were determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, and their source was identified by analyzing disassembled atomizers using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412133/the-southwest-uk-burns-network-swuk-experience-of-electronic-cigarette-explosions-and-review-of-literature
#5
A Arnaout, H Khashaba, T Dobbs, F Dewi, S Pope-Jones, A Sack, C Estela, D Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of e-cigarettes to the UK market in 2007 their popularity amongst young adults has significantly increased. These lithium-ion powered devices remain unregulated by the Standards Agency and as a result burns centres across the world have seen an increasing number of patients presenting with significant burns, resulting from poor quality batteries that appear to be liable to explode when over-heated, over-charged or incorrectly stored. METHODS: Retrospective and perspective review of all e-cigarette related burns presenting to the Southwest Burns Network; South Wales Burns Centre (Morriston Hospital) or to Bristol burns centre (Southmead Hospital) between Oct 15-July 16, followed by a review of available literature performed and eligible papers identified using PRISMA 2009 Checklist...
April 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409686/the-canary-in-the-coal-mine-is-coughing-electronic-cigarettes-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-adolescents
#6
Farzad Moazed, Carolyn S Calfee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406708/pack-year-cigarette-smoking-history-for-determination-of-lung-cancer-screening-eligibility-comparison-of-the-electronic-medical-record-versus-a-shared-decision-making-conversation
#7
Hannah E Modin, Joelle T Fathi, Christopher R Gilbert, Candice L Wilshire, Andrew K Wilson, Ralph W Aye, Alexander S Farivar, Brian E Louie, Eric Vallières, Jed A Gorden
RATIONALE: Implementation of lung cancer screening programs is occurring across the United States. Programs vary in approaches to patient identification and shared decision making. The eligibility of persons referred to screening programs, the outcomes of eligibility determination during shared decision making, and the potential for the electronic medical record to identify eligible individuals have not been well described. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to assess the eligibility of individuals referred for lung cancer screening, and compare information extracted from the electronic medical record to information derived from a shared decision making conversation for the determination of eligibility for lung cancer screening...
April 13, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403454/correlates-of-electronic-cigarettes-use-before-and-during-pregnancy
#8
Cheryl Oncken, Karen A Ricci, Chia-Ling Kuo, Ellen Dornelas, Henry R Kranzler, Heather Z Sankey
Introduction: Electronic cigarette use is rapidly gaining in popularity. However, little is known about correlates and reasons for electronic cigarette use by women of reproductive age, a group for which the safety and efficacy of electronic cigarette use is of particular interest. Methods: As part of a clinical trial for smoking cessation, we surveyed pregnant smokers about their lifetime use of electronic cigarettes, previous use of any adjunctive treatments for smoking cessation, and use of electronic cigarettes during pregnancy...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396620/correlates-of-e-cigarette-ad-awareness-and-likeability-in-u-s-young-adults
#9
Jessica M Rath, Lyubov Teplitskaya, Valerie F Williams, Jennifer L Pearson, Donna M Vallone, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: Awareness and use of electronic cigarettes has rapidly increased among U.S. adults. The aim of this study was to examine awareness and likeability of e-cigarette print advertisements in a national sample of young adults and to examine ad likeability as a correlate of intended e-cigarette use among never e-cigarette users. METHODS: Participants (n = 2110, unweighted) of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort (January 2013) were randomized to see four print ads (blu, Fin, NJOY, and White Cloud)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393367/increasing-popularity-of-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-and-electronic-cigarette-use-implications-for-oral-healthcare
#10
REVIEW
C P Ramôa, T Eissenberg, S E Sahingur
Cigarette smoking increases the risk of developing several systemic conditions including cancer, cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Cigarette smoking is also detrimental to oral health as it increases the incidence and severity of oral cancer, periodontal diseases and peri-implantitis, as well as impacting negatively on the dental patients' response to therapy. Therefore, consideration of smoking behavior and recommendation of smoking cessation are important parts of dental treatment planning. However, cigarettes are no longer the most popular form of tobacco use among adolescents in the United States and globally...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393137/aldehyde-detection-in-electronic-cigarette-aerosols
#11
Mumiye A Ogunwale, Mingxiao Li, Mandapati V Ramakrishnam Raju, Yizheng Chen, Michael H Nantz, Daniel J Conklin, Xiao-An Fu
Acetaldehyde, acrolein, and formaldehyde are the principal toxic aldehydes present in cigarette smoke and contribute to the risk of cardiovascular disease and noncancerous pulmonary disease. The rapid growth of the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has raised concerns over emissions of these harmful aldehydes. This work determines emissions of these aldehydes in both free and bound (aldehyde-hemiacetal) forms and other carbonyls from the use of e-cigarettes. A novel silicon microreactor with a coating phase of 4-(2-aminooxyethyl)-morpholin-4-ium chloride (AMAH) was used to trap carbonyl compounds in the aerosols of e-cigarettes via oximation reactions...
March 31, 2017: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393082/electronic-cigarette-use-among-current-smokers-a-pilot-qualitative-study
#12
Ban A Majeed, Cassandra A Stanton, Shanta R Dube, Kymberle L Sterling, Joy D Burns, Michael P Eriksen
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study explored psychosocial influences of e-cigarette use among dual users. METHODS: Two focus groups among adult current smokers who had ever used e-cigarettes were conducted in Georgia. Discussions were audio-recorded. Principles of grounded theory and thematic analysis were employed. RESULTS: Reasons for initial use included curiosity and social influence. Themes related to regular use included enjoyment of sensory experiences and perception of reduced harm...
November 2016: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392919/respiratory-bronchiolitis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease-secondary-to-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-use-confirmed-with-open-lung-biopsy
#13
Mark Flower, Lakshmy Nandakumar, Mahendra Singh, David Wyld, Morgan Windsor, David Fielding
As a modern phenomenon, there is currently limited understanding of the possible toxic effects and broader implications of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Large volumes of aerosolized particles are inhaled during "vaping" and there are now an increasing number of case reports demonstrating toxic effects of ENDS, as well as human studies demonstrating impaired lung function in users. This article presents a case of respiratory bronchiolitis interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD) precipitated by vaping in a 33-year-old male with 10 pack years of traditional cigarette and prior treatment for mixed germ cell tumour...
May 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390232/media-exposure-and-tobacco-product-addiction-beliefs-findings-from-the-2015-health-information-national-trends-survey-hints-fda-2015
#14
Elisabeth A Donaldson, Allison C Hoffman, Izabella Zandberg, Kelly D Blake
BACKGROUND: Addiction beliefs about tobacco use are associated with intentions to use and use of tobacco products. Exposure to information about tobacco products in media sources may affect addiction beliefs. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between media exposure and tobacco product addiction beliefs. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of US adults (n=3738) from the 2015 National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey was used to examine addiction beliefs about cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, electronic cigarettes, hookah/waterpipe tobacco, and roll-your-own cigarettes...
April 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389330/a-comparison-of-nicotine-dependence-among-exclusive-e-cigarette-and-cigarette-users-in-the-path-study
#15
Guodong Liu, Emily Wasserman, Lan Kong, Jonathan Foulds
Electronic cigarettes ("e-cigs") have recently gained in popularity, but their health risks, including dependence potential are unclear. This study analyzed the adult database from the Wave 1 Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, a nationally representative survey of tobacco use in the United States, to assess the relative level of dependence among adult, exclusive everyday users of e-cigarettes and cigarettes. Of the total 32,320 observations from the Wave 1 PATH adult database, 3586 (5...
April 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388912/environmental-pollutants-a-possible-etiology-for-premature-ovarian-insufficiency-a-narrative-review-of-animal-and-human-data
#16
REVIEW
Pauline Vabre, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Véronique Gayrard, Nicole Picard-Hagen, Jean Parinaud, Roger D Leandri
BACKGROUND: Because only 25% of cases of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) have a known etiology, the aim of this review was to summarize the associations and mechanisms of the impact of the environment on this pathology. Eligible studies were selected from an electronic literature search from the PUBMED database from January 2000 to February 2016 and associated references in published studies. Search terms included ovary, follicle, oocyte, endocrine disruptor, environmental exposure, occupational exposure, environmental contaminant, pesticide, polyaromatic hydrocarbon, polychlorinated biphenyl PCB, phenol, bisphenol, flame retardant, phthalate, dioxin, phytoestrogen, tobacco, smoke, cigarette, cosmetic, xenobiotic...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387073/-electronic-cigarette-state-of-the-science-about-toxicological-aspects
#17
REVIEW
M Deville, C Charlier
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are presented as a healthier alternative to tobacco smoking. They are designed to contain a solution which is heated to produce an aerosol inhaled by the user. The liquid is mainly composed of propylene glycol, glycerol, flavours and, in some cases, nicotine. Except for nicotine, which can be fatal when ingested at high dose, these components are generally considered as safe. However, the potential effect of long term exposure to inhaled propylene glycol is unknown at this time...
January 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385093/cigarette-graphic-warning-labels-increase-both-risk-perceptions-and-smoking-myth-endorsement
#18
Abigail T Evans, Ellen Peters, Abigail B Shoben, Louise R Meilleur, Elizabeth G Klein, Mary Kate Tompkins, Martin Tusler
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette graphic warning labels elicit negative emotion, which increases risk perceptions through multiple processes. We examined whether this emotion simultaneously affects motivated cognitions like smoking myth endorsement (e.g. 'exercise can undo the negative effects of smoking') and perceptions of cigarette danger versus other products. DESIGN: 736 adult and 469 teen smokers/vulnerable smokers viewed one of three warning label types (text-only, low emotion graphic or high emotion graphic) four times over two weeks...
April 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383934/negative-affect-in-at-risk-youth-outcome-expectancies-mediate-relations-with-both-regular-and-electronic-cigarette-use
#19
Stephen Miller, James Pike, Alan W Stacy, Bin Xie, Susan L Ames
Despite the general trend of declining use of traditional cigarettes among young adults in the United States, alternative high school students continue to smoke cigarettes and electronic cigarettes at rates much higher than do students attending regular high schools. Challenging life circumstances leading to elevated levels of negative affect may account for increased smoking behavior in this population. Further, a belief in the negative affect-reducing qualities of nicotine may mediate this effect. The current study tested the hypothesis that negative reinforcing outcome expectancies mediate the relationship between negative affect on smoking susceptibility in nonusers, smoking frequency in users, and smoking experimentation in the overall sample...
April 6, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382447/electronic-cigarettes-age-specific-generation-resolved-pulmonary-doses
#20
Maurizio Manigrasso, Giorgio Buonanno, Fernanda Carmen Fuoco, Luca Stabile, Pasquale Avino
Particle size-number distributions of aerosol from e-cigarettes (0 and 14 mg mL(-1) nicotine) were compared with conventional cigarettes. Results were used to provide age-specific (9-21 years) dosimetry estimates applying the MMPD model. After a 2-s puff, total number doses (D Tot ) were highest for 9 years of age (6.01 × 10(10)-1.31 × 10(11) particles) and lowest for 18 years of age (4.69 × 10(10)-1.06 × 10(11) particles). Such doses represented about 19-45 and 25-100% of the relevant daily doses of not smoking individuals, respectively, in tracheobronchial (TB) and alveolar (A) regions...
April 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
keyword
keyword
21430
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"