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Rawand Mustafa, Metin Güngörmüş, Nur Mollaoğlu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the efficacy of different concentrations of dextrose prolotherapy for the treatment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) hypermobility. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized clinical trial including patients with subluxation or dislocation was performed. The study comprised 40 patients. Patients were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, 10% dextrose, 20% dextrose, and 30% dextrose group. Patients in all groups received injections into 4 different areas of each TMJ in 4 sessions at monthly intervals...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Féline P B Kroon, Charles G Peterfy, Philip G Conaghan, Violaine Foltz, Frédérique Gandjbakhch, Iris Eshed, Harry K Genant, Mikkel Østergaard, Monique Reijnierse, Johan L Bloem, Ida K Haugen, Margreet Kloppenburg
This paper presents an atlas for the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Clinical Trials (OMERACT) thumb base osteoarthritis MRI scoring system (TOMS). The atlas includes reference images of each grade of each feature that is assessed in TOMS (synovitis grade 0-3, subchondral bone defects grade 0-3, osteophytes grade 0-3, cartilage assessment grade 0-3, subluxation and bone marrow lesions grade 0-3) in the first carpometacarpal and scapho-trapezio-trapezoid joint. The presented reference images can be used to guide scoring of thumb base MRIs in patients with hand osteoarthritis according to the OMERACT TOMS...
2018: RMD Open
Selena Tinga, Stanley E Kim, Scott A Banks, Stephen C Jones, Brian H Park, Antonio Pozzi, Daniel D Lewis
BACKGROUND: Cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency is a degenerative condition that is a common cause of pelvic limb lameness and osteoarthritis in dogs. Surgical therapies developed to treat dogs with naturally occurring CrCL insufficiency aim to address the resultant instability, but the in-vivo alterations in stifle kinematics associated with CrCL insufficiency have not been accurately defined. The objective of this study was to quantify the 3-dimensional femorotibial joint kinematics of dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency during ambulation...
March 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Gulraj S Matharu, Andrew Judge, David W Murray, Hemant G Pandit
BACKGROUND: Metal-on-metal hip replacement (MoMHR) revision surgery for adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) has been associated with an increased risk of early complications and reoperation and inferior patient-reported outcome scores compared with non-ARMD revisions. As a result, early revision specifically for ARMD with adoption of a lower surgical threshold has been widely recommended with the goal of improving the subsequent prognosis after ARMD revisions. However, no large cohorts have compared the risk of complications and reoperation after MoMHR revision surgery for ARMD (an unanticipated revision indication) with those after non-ARMD revisions (which represent conventional modes of arthroplasty revision)...
February 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Murat Oto, İlker Abdullah Sarıkaya, Ozan Ali Erdal, Ali Şeker
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review the efficacy of femoral varus derotation osteotomy (VDRO) and Dega transiliac osteotomy in the treatment of hip subluxation and dislocation of cerebral palsy (CP) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 25 hips of 22 CP patients (9 males, 13 females; mean age 8.7 years; range 4 to 18 years) who were operated due to hip subluxation and dislocation between July 2010 and December 2015. The mean follow-up period was 36...
April 2018: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
Boris Sowa, Martin Bochenek, Steffen Braun, Felix Zeifang, Jan Philippe Kretzer, Thomas Bruckner, Gilles Walch, Patric Raiss
BACKGROUND: Glenoid replacement in cases of severe glenoid retroversion (RV) or eccentric wear is challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate different treatment methods under standardized conditions to assist surgeons in the decision-making process. METHODS: Three treatment options for severe glenoid RV (15°) were compared: (1) no RV correction; (2) complete RV correction; (3) no RV correction and implantation of a posterior augmented glenoid (PAG). A highly standardized implantation protocol using artificial glenoid bones (five per group) was chosen, and a physiologic shoulder movement was applied in a biomechanical setting...
March 7, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Jiahui Chen, Qinghe Jing, Yating Tang, Dongjin Qian, Yi Lu, Yongxiang Jiang
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is associated with abnormalities of corneal biometric characteristics. We conducted a retrospective case-control study including 55 eyes of the MFS patients with lens subluxation and 53 normal eyes of the control subjects to evaluate the corneal curvature, astigmatism and aberrations using a rotating Scheimpflug camera (Pentacam HR). Compared with the control group, the anterior, posterior, and total corneal curvature were flatter in the MFS group. The anterior and total corneal astigmatism were higher in the MFS patients, whereas the posterior corneal astigmatism was not significantly different between the two groups...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Alexandre Guyonnet, Elise Donzel, Aurélie Bourguet, Sabine Chahory
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and the clinical presentation of cataracts in a population of cats in France. PROCEDURES: A review of medical records of cats presented to the Ophthalmology Unit of the National Veterinary School of Alfort between January 2010 and June 2017 was carried out to identify cats affected by cataracts. The signalment of affected cats, medical history, etiology of cataract, age of onset, stage of development, location of opacities, and concurrent ocular lesions were evaluated...
March 6, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Taylor E Purvis, Rafael De la Garza-Ramos, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, C Rory Goodwin, Mari L Groves, Michael C Ain, Daniel M Sciubba
OBJECTIVE: To compare in-hospital complication rates in pediatric patients with atlantoaxial and subaxial injuries undergoing either external fixation or surgical fusion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Baseline and outcome data were obtained from the 2002-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for patients under the age of 18 with a diagnosis of cervical spine fracture without spinal cord injury or cervical spine subluxation. Patients who underwent external immobilization or internal fixation were included for analysis...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Satoshi Usami, Sanshiro Kawahara, Hayato Kuno, Hiroshi Takamure, Kohei Inami
BACKGROUND: Extension block pinning is a simple and reliable technique for mallet fractures, but poor results are sometimes obtained. The predictors of postoperative range of motion after extension block pinning of mallet fingers were investigated. METHODS: The outcomes for postoperative active motion of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint, such as flexion angle, extension loss, and total range of motion, were examined. Predictors such as age, gender, finger, fragment size, joint subluxation, the time from injury to operation, procedure, fixation angle, the time from operation to wire removal, and joint step-off were evaluated statistically...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Norihiko Yoshida, Takashi Kojima, Sho Yokoyama, Rie Horai, Kazuo Ichikawa
We report a new surgical technique of intrascleral posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC IOL) fixation using a newly developed hook-shaped haptic IOL (NX-70CH) and a 25-gauge loop-shaped haptic manipulator. Previous techniques of intrascleral PC IOL fixation had 2 major technical challenges; that is, externalization of the haptic and fixation of the haptic into the scleral tunnel. The new IOL and manipulator can facilitate externalization and secure fixation of the IOL haptic and can be used for suture fixation or implantation in the capsular bag in cases with presumed subluxated lens...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Nathan D Orvets, Aaron M Chamberlain, Brendan M Patterson, Peter N Chalmers, Michelle Gosselin, Dane Salazar, Alexander W Aleem, Jay D Keener
BACKGROUND: This study describes the short-term functional and radiographic outcomes after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in shoulders with a B2 glenoid deformity addressed with corrective reaming. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective series of consecutive patients who underwent TSA with a Walch B2 glenoid quantified by computed tomography scan. All glenoid deformities were addressed using partially corrective glenoid reaming. Radiographic and functional outcome measures, including scores on the visual analog scale for pain, American Shoulder and Elbow Standardized Shoulder Assessment, and Simple Shoulder Test were collected...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Benjamin John Miller, Raj Lakhani, Arif Rashid, Philipa Tostevin
An 11-year-old boy with a history of autism spectrum disorder attended the emergency department with his mother 8 days after an adenotonsillectomy reporting postoperative bleeding. Detailed physical examination revealed no active bleeding, but a rigid neck posture was noted. A head and neck CT scan demonstrated unilateral rotatory atlantoaxial subluxation and possible damage to the anterior spinal ligament. He was reviewed by neurosurgeons who performed manipulation under anaesthetic and successfully realigned the occipital cervical tract...
March 1, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Stefano Carbone, Riccardo Mezzoprete, Matteo Papalia, Valerio Arceri, Andrea Carbone, Stefano Gumina
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study were: a) to identify osteoporotic proximal humerus fractures in a large consecutive series of patients; b) to identify radiographic fracture patterns among osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic proximal humerus fractures; and c) to calculate intra- and inter-observer reliability of assessment of osteoporosis and of radiographic fracture patterns. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of patients admitted to the emergency department affected by a proximal humerus fracture between June 2014 and June 2016...
March 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Rodolfo Gialletti, Andrea Marchegiani, Tiziana Valeriani, Sara Nannarone, Francesca Beccati, Alessandro Fruganti, Fulvio Laus
PURPOSE: To describe the association of clinical and ultrasonographic (US) findings in horses affected by visual impairments, to estimate the most frequent ultrasonographic alteration as well importance and limits of US as a part of ophthalmic evaluation in equine patients. METHODS: One-hundred-forty-five horses referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospitals of the University of Perugia and Camerino for ocular problems were submitted to ophthalmic examination and ocular ultrasound...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Lal Rehman, Iram Bukhari, Ali Afzal, Raza Rizvi
Objective: To determine clinical outcome in patients with cervical injury after lateral mass screws fixation in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This study included 88 patients, with cervical injury confirmed radiologically. Patients <12 or >70 years, with traumatic discs, cord compression without subluxation and previously operated on cervical spine were excluded from this study. All patients underwent fixation with lateral mass screws through posterior approach under fluoroscopic guidance...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Roger E Thomas, Kamran Zamanpour
OBJECTIVES: To identify all studies of injuries in wrestling, assess risk of bias and compute weighted average injury rates. METHODS: 17 online databases and nine grey literature resources were searched with no language/date limitations. Abstracts were assessed for inclusion and data abstracted independently by two reviewers. RESULTS: Eleven studies of competitions, 27 databases, four surveys (699 wrestlers) and seventeen case reports (604 cases) were included...
February 27, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Anju Rastogi, Samreen Khanam, Yashpal Goel, Prolima Thacker, Prateek Kumar
Purpose: To evaluate the rotational stability of toric intraocular lens (IOL) when co-implanted with a capsular tension ring (CTR) as compared to that of a toric IOL without a CTR. Methods: This was a prospective randomized clinical trial performed in a tertiary care centre in India. Fifty adult human eyes with visually significant cataract and regular corneal astigmatism ≥1.5D divided into two groups of 25 eyes each, A and B by simple randomization. Eyes with corneal pathology, lens subluxation, and a specular endothelial cell count <2000/mm2 were excluded from the study...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Aleksander Błażkiewicz, Monika Grygorowicz, Arkadiusz Białostocki, Dariusz Czaprowski
BACKGROUND: Characteristic types of actions and training/matches loads of football goalkeepers show that goalkeeper's performance differs from other football's formations. Such situation may predispose to the occurrence of other kinds of injuries in this position. The aim of this study was to analyse epidemiology of injuries in young football goalkeepers. METHODS: 48 football goalkeepers (aged:15.2±1.9 years) were filled the questionnaire aimed at collecting information about all injuries sustained within 12 months before the data collection...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Yoshinari Tanaka, Keisuke Kita, Rikio Takao, Hiroshi Amano, Ryohei Uchida, Yoshiki Shiozaki, Yasukazu Yonetani, Kazutaka Kinugasa, Tatsuo Mae, Shuji Horibe
Background: Accumulating evidence suggests that long-term anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency can give rise to an abnormal tibiofemoral relationship and subsequent intra-articular lesions. However, the effects of chronic ACL deficiency (ACLD) on early graft failure after anatomic reconstruction remain unclear. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that patients with long-term ACLD lasting more than 5 years would have a greater rate of early graft failure due to insufficient intraoperative reduction of the tibia and that the preoperative and immediately postoperative abnormal tibiofemoral relationship in the sagittal plane, such as anterior tibial subluxation (ATS), would correlate with the graft status on postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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