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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041559/the-influence-of-phytochemical-composition-and-resulting-sensory-attributes-on-preference-for-salad-rocket-eruca-sativa-accessions-by-consumers-of-varying-tas2r38-diplotype
#1
Luke Bell, Lisa Methven, Carol Wagstaff
Seven accessions of Eruca sativa ("salad rocket") were subjected to a randomised consumer assessment. Liking of appearance and taste attributes were analysed, as well as perceptions of bitterness, hotness, pepperiness and sweetness. Consumers were genotyped for TAS2R38 status to determine if liking is influenced by perception of bitter compounds such as glucosinolates (GSLs) and isothiocyanates (ITCs). Responses were combined with previously published data relating to phytochemical content and sensory data in Principal Component Analysis to determine compounds influencing liking/perceptions...
May 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995239/tuning-the-hybridization-properties-of-modified-oligonucleotides-from-flexible-to-conformationally-constrained-phosphonate-internucleotide-linkages
#2
Ondřej Páv, Ivan Barvík, Radek Liboska, Magdalena Petrová, Ondřej Šimák, Šárka Rosenbergová, Pavel Novák, Miloš Buděšínský, Ivan Rosenberg
The concept of conformational restriction leading to the preorganization of modified strands has proven to be successful and has afforded nucleic acid analogues with many interesting properties suitable for various biochemical applications. We utilized this concept to prepare a set of constrained oligonucleotides derived from 1,4-dioxane and 1,3-dioxolane-locked nucleoside phosphonates and evaluated their hybridization affinities towards their complementary RNA strands. With an increase of ΔTm per modification up to +5...
January 18, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940610/rpan-rice-pan-genome-browser-for-%C3%A2-3000-rice-genomes
#3
Chen Sun, Zhiqiang Hu, Tianqing Zheng, Kuangchen Lu, Yue Zhao, Wensheng Wang, Jianxin Shi, Chunchao Wang, Jinyuan Lu, Dabing Zhang, Zhikang Li, Chaochun Wei
A pan-genome is the union of the gene sets of all the individuals of a clade or a species and it provides a new dimension of genome complexity with the presence/absence variations (PAVs) of genes among these genomes. With the progress of sequencing technologies, pan-genome study is becoming affordable for eukaryotes with large-sized genomes. The Asian cultivated rice, Oryza sativa L., is one of the major food sources for the world and a model organism in plant biology. Recently, the 3000 Rice Genome Project (3K RGP) sequenced more than 3000 rice genomes with a mean sequencing depth of 14...
December 10, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935538/the-correlation-of-tas2r38-gene-variants-with-higher-risk-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-in-polish-patients
#4
Karolina Dżaman, Mariola Zagor, Elżbieta Sarnowska, Antoni Krzeski, Ireneusz Kantor
BACKGROUND: Bitter taste receptors (T2Rs), especially T2R38s appear as innovative regulators of innate immunity in the respiratory system. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TAS2R38 gene may contribute to individual differences in susceptibility to respiratory infections especially chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). TAS2R38 genotypes distribution varies by geographic region, race and ethnicity. The aim of the preliminary study was the identification of SNPs in TAS2R38 encoding genes in Polish patients with CRS and finding potential correlation with CRS phenotypes...
October 31, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919638/influence-of-ezetimibe-in-addition-to-high-dose-atorvastatin-therapy-on-plaque-composition-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-assessed-by-serial-intravascular-ultrasound-with-imap-the-octivus-trial
#5
Mikkel Hougaard, Henrik Steen Hansen, Per Thayssen, Lisbeth Antonsen, Anders Junker, Karsten Veien, Lisette Okkels Jensen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of ezetimibe in addition to atorvastatin on plaque composition in patients with first-time ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction treated with primary percutaneous intervention. METHODS: Eighty-seven patients were randomized (1:1) to ezetimibe 10mg or placebo in addition to Atorvastatin 80mg. Intravascular ultrasound with iMap was performed at baseline and after 12months in a non-infarct-related artery...
November 28, 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906039/peering-below-the-diffraction-limit-robust-and-specific-sorting-of-viruses-with-flow-cytometry
#6
Shea T Lance, David J Sukovich, Kenneth M Stedman, Adam R Abate
BACKGROUND: Viruses are incredibly diverse organisms and impact all forms of life on Earth; however, individual virions are challenging to study due to their small size and mass, precluding almost all direct imaging or molecular analysis. Moreover, like microbes, the overwhelming majority of viruses cannot be cultured, impeding isolation, replication, and study of interesting new species. Here, we introduce PCR-activated virus sorting, a method to isolate specific viruses from a heterogeneous population...
December 1, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898833/a-cluster-of-nucleotide-binding-site-leucine-rich-repeat-genes-resides-in-a-barley-powdery-mildew-resistance-quantitative-trait-loci-on-7hl
#7
Carlos P Cantalapiedra, Bruno Contreras-Moreira, Cristina Silvar, Dragan Perovic, Frank Ordon, María Pilar Gracia, Ernesto Igartua, Ana M Casas
Powdery mildew causes severe yield losses in barley production worldwide. Although many resistance genes have been described, only a few have already been cloned. A strong QTL (quantitative trait locus) conferring resistance to a wide array of powdery mildew isolates was identified in a Spanish barley landrace on the long arm of chromosome 7H. Previous studies narrowed down the QTL position, but were unable to identify candidate genes or physically locate the resistance. In this study, the exome of three recombinant lines from a high-resolution mapping population was sequenced and analyzed, narrowing the position of the resistance down to a single physical contig...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895504/deferred-radiotherapy-and-upfront-procarbazine-acnu-vincristine-administration-for-1p19q-codeleted-oligodendroglial-tumors-are-associated-with-favorable-outcome-without-compromising-patient-performance-regardless-of-who-grade
#8
Nobuhiro Hata, Koji Yoshimoto, Ryusuke Hatae, Daisuke Kuga, Yojiro Akagi, Satoshi O Suzuki, Toru Iwaki, Tadahisa Shono, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Koji Iihara
Recently updated phase III trials revealed the favorable effect of add-on procarbazine-lomustine-vincristine chemotherapy (CT) to radiotherapy (RT) in treating anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with 1p19q codeletion (codel). However, the underlying rationality of deferring RT and upfront CT administration for these tumors is yet to be elucidated. Here, we retrospectively analyzed the long-term outcome of our case series with oligodendroglial tumors treated with deferred RT and upfront procarbazine+nimustine+vincristine (PAV) in the introduction administration...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888836/limited-predictability-of-maximal-muscular-pressure-using-the-difference-between-peak-airway-pressure-and-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-during-proportional-assist-ventilation-pav
#9
Po-Lan Su, Pei-Shan Kao, Wei-Chieh Lin, Pei-Fang Su, Chang-Wen Chen
BACKGROUND: If the proportional assist ventilation (PAV) level is known, muscular effort can be estimated from the difference between peak airway pressure and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) (ΔP) during PAV. We conjectured that deducing muscle pressure from ΔP may be an interesting method to set PAV, and tested this hypothesis using the oesophageal pressure time product calculation. METHODS: Eleven mechanically ventilated patients with oesophageal pressure monitoring under PAV were enrolled...
November 27, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854117/treatment-of-neonates-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-by-proportional-assist-ventilation-plus-synchronized-intermittent-mandatory-ventilation-a-comparison-study
#10
Rong Wu, Zhao F Tian, Xiang Y Kong, Shao D Hua, Jin H Hu, Guo F Zhen
BACKGROUND: The proportion assisted ventilation (PAV) can improve patient-ventilator interaction, reduce the incidence of end-expiratory asynchrony and increase the time of synchrony. PAV could compensate for the leaks by Elastic and resistive unloading and thus is ideal for neonates with uncuffed airways. The aim of this study was to compare the relevant clinical parameters of neonates with respiratory distress syndrome(RDS) who are surported by PAV plus synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) and SIMV...
November 17, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846344/effect-of-evolocumab-on-progression-of-coronary-disease-in-statin-treated-patients-the-glagov-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Stephen J Nicholls, Rishi Puri, Todd Anderson, Christie M Ballantyne, Leslie Cho, John J P Kastelein, Wolfgang Koenig, Ransi Somaratne, Helina Kassahun, Jingyuan Yang, Scott M Wasserman, Robert Scott, Imre Ungi, Jakub Podolec, Antonius Oude Ophuis, Jan H Cornel, Marilyn Borgman, Danielle M Brennan, Steven E Nissen
Importance: Reducing levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) with intensive statin therapy reduces progression of coronary atherosclerosis in proportion to achieved LDL-C levels. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors produce incremental LDL-C lowering in statin-treated patients; however, the effects of these drugs on coronary atherosclerosis have not been evaluated. Objective: To determine the effects of PCSK9 inhibition with evolocumab on progression of coronary atherosclerosis in statin-treated patients...
13, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837151/atrial-fibrillation-progression-of-coronary-atherosclerosis-and-myocardial-infarction
#12
Ozgur Bayturan, Rishi Puri, E Murat Tuzcu, Mingyuan Shao, Kathy Wolski, Paul Schoenhagen, Samir Kapadia, Steven E Nissen, Prashanthan Sanders, Stephen J Nicholls
BACKGROUND: Despite atrial fibrillation representing an established risk factor for stroke, the association between atrial fibrillation and both progression of coronary atherosclerosis and major adverse cardiovascular events is not well characterized. We assessed the serial measures of coronary atheroma burden and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with and without atrial fibrillation. METHODS: Data were analyzed from nine clinical trials involving 4966 patients with coronary artery disease undergoing serial intravascular ultrasonography at 18-24 month intervals to assess changes in percent atheroma volume (PAV)...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827947/australian-and-new-zealand-fish-oil-products-in-2016-meet-label-omega-3-claims-and-are-not-oxidized
#13
Peter D Nichols, Lalen Dogan, Andrew Sinclair
We provide new fish oil product results to assist industry in Australia and New Zealand and, ultimately, consumers in understanding the high product quality assurance protocols in place, together with the high product quality that has been determined by both industry and independent laboratories. Fish oil capsule products common to Australia and New Zealand were purchased in May 2016 in Richmond, Victoria, Australia. Products were from two groups; five standard fish oil products and five fish oil concentrates...
November 5, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818882/microbial-activities-in-soil-cultivated-with-corn-and-amended-with-sewage-sludge
#14
Rosana Faria Vieira, Ricardo Antônio Almeida Pazianotto
BACKGROUND: One of the main concerns related to the increasing use of sewage sludge in the soil is the possible presence of excess nutrients, which could cause environmental problems and detrimental effects on the soil microorganisms, considered essential to soil nutrient cycling. Thus, the objective of this work was to evaluate the microbial biomass and activity and some chemical characteristics of one specific tropical soil, classified as Dark Red Distroferric Latosol, of a loamy/clayey texture, in a long-term field experiment using anaerobically digested household sludge amendment...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814391/characterization-of-snp-and-structural-variations-in-the-mitochondrial-genomes-of-tilletia-indica-and-its-closely-related-species-formed-basis-for-a-simple-diagnostic-assay
#15
Mui-Keng Tan, Harsh Raman, Grant Chambers, Indu Sharma, Zhiliang Chen, Nandan Deshpande, Marc R Wilkins
Tilletia indica causes the disease Karnal bunt in wheat. The disease is under international quarantine regulations. Comparative mitochondrial (mt) genome analysis of T. indica (KX394364 and DQ993184) and T. walkeri (EF536375) has found 325 to 328 SNPs, 57 to 60 short InDels (from 1 to 13 nt), two InDels (30 and 61 nt) and five (>200 nt) presence/absence variations (PAVs) between the two species. The mt genomes of both species have identical gene order. The numbers of SNPs and InDels between the mt genomes of the two species are approximately nine times of the corresponding numbers between the two T...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765207/effects-of-temperature-and-nacl-on-the-formation-of-3-mcpd-esters-and-glycidyl-esters-in-refined-bleached-and-deodorized-palm-olein-during-deep-fat-frying-of-potato-chips
#16
Yu Hua Wong, Halimah Muhamad, Faridah Abas, Oi Ming Lai, Kar Lin Nyam, Chin Ping Tan
The effects of frying duration, frying temperature and concentration of sodium chloride on the formation of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) esters and glycidyl esters (GEs) of refined, bleached and deodorized (RBD) palm olein during deep-fat frying (at 160°C and 180°C) of potato chips (0%, 1%, 3% and 5% NaCl) for 100min/d for five consecutive days in eight systems were compared in this study. All oil samples collected after each frying cycle were analyzed for 3-MCPD esters, GEs, free fatty acid (FFA) contents, specific extinction at 232 and 268 nm (K232 and K268), p-anisidine value (pAV), and fatty acid composition...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721060/physical-activity-as-a-vital-sign-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#17
Davy Vancampfort, Michel Probst, Sabine Wyckaert, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs, Simon Rosenbaum, Pascal Sienaert
The most significant contributor to premature mortality in patients with bipolar disorder is preventable cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated if the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS) assessment (two questions which clarify if a person meets the recommended 150min of physical activity per week) can identify patients with bipolar disorder at higher risk of cardio-metabolic abnormalities. Clinical differences between those who adhere and those who did not adhere to the physical activity guidelines were investigated using an ANCOVA controlling for age and gender...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711175/genetic-variation-in-the-tas2r38-bitter-taste-receptor-and-smoking-behaviors
#18
Davide S Risso, Julia Kozlitina, Eduardo Sainz, Joanne Gutierrez, Stephen Wooding, Betelihem Getachew, Donata Luiselli, Carla J Berg, Dennis Drayna
Common TAS2R38 taste receptor gene variants specify the ability to taste phenylthiocarbamide (PTC), 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) and structurally related compounds. Tobacco smoke contains a complex mixture of chemical substances of varying structure and functionality, some of which activate different taste receptors. Accordingly, it has been suggested that non-taster individuals may be more likely to smoke because of their inability to taste bitter compounds present in tobacco smoke, but results to date have been conflicting...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711162/a-de-novo-genome-sequence-assembly-of-the-arabidopsis-thaliana-accession-niederzenz-1-displays-presence-absence-variation-and-strong-synteny
#19
Boas Pucker, Daniela Holtgräwe, Thomas Rosleff Sörensen, Ralf Stracke, Prisca Viehöver, Bernd Weisshaar
Arabidopsis thaliana is the most important model organism for fundamental plant biology. The genome diversity of different accessions of this species has been intensively studied, for example in the 1001 genome project which led to the identification of many small nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and small insertions and deletions (InDels). In addition, presence/absence variation (PAV), copy number variation (CNV) and mobile genetic elements contribute to genomic differences between A. thaliana accessions. To address larger genome rearrangements between the A...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710808/coronary-atheroma-progression-rates-in-men-and-women-following-high-intensity-statin-therapy-a-pooled-analysis-of-reversal-asteroid-and-saturn
#20
Brian Stegman, Mingyuan Shao, Stephen J Nicholls, Mohamed Elshazly, Leslie Cho, Peta King, Samir Kapadia, Murat Tuzcu, Steven E Nissen, Rishi Puri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High-intensity statin therapy (HIST) reduces cardiovascular events, however, sex-related differences in treatment effects are not well characterized. METHODS: A patient-level post hoc pooled analysis of 3 randomized trials utilizing serial coronary intravascular ultrasound was undertaken, testing the anti-atherosclerotic effects of HIST in coronary disease patients. Sex-related differences in changes (Δ) in coronary percent atheroma volume (PAV) were ascertained following 18-24 months of HIST (atorvastatin 80 mg or rosuvastatin 40 mg daily), and further characterized according to on-treatment lipid and lipoprotein levels...
September 15, 2016: Atherosclerosis
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