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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641372/comparison-of-sociodemographic-and-health-related-characteristics-of-uk-biobank-participants-with-the-general-population
#1
Anna Fry, Thomas J Littlejohns, Cathie Sudlow, Nicola Doherty, Ligia Adamska, Tim Sprosen, Rory Collins, Naomi E Allen
UK Biobank is a population-based cohort of 500,000 participants recruited between 2006 and 2010. Approximately 9.2 million individuals aged 40-69 years who lived within 25 miles of the 22 assessment centres in England, Wales and Scotland were invited, and 5.4% participated in the baseline assessment. The representativeness of the UK Biobank cohort was investigated by comparing demographic characteristics between non-responders and responders. Sociodemographic, physical, lifestyle and health-related characteristics of the cohort were compared with nationally representative data sources...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637073/-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-oncology-what%C3%A2-makes-sense
#2
Axel Eustachi, Dieter Melchart
The basis of any complementary therapy should be the recommendation of a healthy lifestyle (diet, nutrition, exercise, stress-reduction), and appropriate self-help techniques (e. g. thermotherapy, herbal OTC-products) aimed at releasing the patients' most debilitating symptoms. For therapy-resistant or strong symptoms, more invasive interventions or medical treatments with an acceptable evidence base can be used (e. g. acupuncture for cancer pain, herbal prescriptions). The effects of any complementary intervention should be controlled for a period of six weeks after its administration...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#3
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634863/high-tech-acupuncture-for-prevention-of-lifestyle-diseases-a-sino-austrian-cooperation-research-protocol-on-heart-rate-variability
#4
Feng-Xia Liang, Ze-Bin Chen, Song Wu, Jian-Min Liu, Jing-Zhi Wang, Ji-Dong Lu, Lu-Shan Wang, Li Chen, Qing Shu, Daniela Litscher, Lu Wang, Hua Wang, Gerhard Litscher
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture can not only be used for well-known diseases, but also for so-called modern lifestyle-related diseases. Using innovative methods like e.g. new analyses of heart rate variability (HRV), it is also possible to investigate diseases like burnout syndrome, ie., qi defificiency in Chinese medicine (CM). OBJECTIVE: The main object of this research protocol is to perform research on the relationship of burnout syndrome and heart rate (HR) and HRV...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634156/classifying-chinese-questions-related-to-health-care-posted-by-consumers-via-the-internet
#5
Haihong Guo, Xu Na, Li Hou, Jiao Li
BACKGROUND: In question answering (QA) system development, question classification is crucial for identifying information needs and improving the accuracy of returned answers. Although the questions are domain-specific, they are asked by non-professionals, making the question classification task more challenging. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to classify health care-related questions posted by the general public (Chinese speakers) on the Internet. METHODS: A topic-based classification schema for health-related questions was built by manually annotating randomly selected questions...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#6
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631047/periodontal-disease-in-chinese-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#7
Qiuxiang Zhang, Xiaoli Zhang, Guijaun Feng, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Lijuan Zhang, Xingmei Feng, Liren Li, Zhifeng Gu
Disease of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and periodontal disease (PD) shares the common multiple characteristics. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in Chinese SLE patients and to determine the association between SLE features and periodontal parameters. A cross-sectional study of 108 SLE patients together with 108 age- and sex-matched healthy controls was made. Periodontal status was conducted by two dentists independently. Sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, medication use, and clinical parameters were also assessed...
June 19, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630614/a-plant-based-diet-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Michelle McMacken, Sapana Shah
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising worldwide, especially in older adults. Diet and lifestyle, particularly plant-based diets, are effective tools for type 2 diabetes prevention and management. Plant-based diets are eating patterns that emphasize legumes, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds and discourage most or all animal products. Cohort studies strongly support the role of plant-based diets, and food and nutrient components of plant-based diets, in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629704/relationship-between-8-year-weight-change-body-size-and-health-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-large-cohort-of-adults-in-thailand
#9
Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Wimalin Rimpeekool, Keren Papier, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian C Sleigh
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have been shown to be risk factors for a range of non-communicable diseases, especially cardio-metabolic conditions, worldwide. But less is known about the effects of weight change on adults' overall health and wellbeing, particularly in transitional low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to assess the relationship between 8-year weight change and measures of self-assessed health among Thai adults. METHODS: Data were collected from Thai adults aged 25-40 years (n = 27,003) enrolled in the Thai cohort Study and surveyed in 2005, 2009, and 2013...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629584/association-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-serum-levels-with-fertility-results-from-the-lifestyle-and-fertility-study
#10
June L Fung, Terryl J Hartman, Rosemary L Schleicher, Marlene B Goldman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of vitamin D intake and serum levels on conception of clinical pregnancy and live birth. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical centers. PATIENT(S): Healthy, nulliparous women, age 18-39 years, and their male partners. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy and live birth were compared between those who did or did not meet the vitamin D estimated average requirement (EAR) intake (10 μg/d) and with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) considered at risk for inadequacy or deficiency (<50 nmol/L) or sufficient (≥50 nmol/L)...
June 16, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629485/characterisation-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplement-users-differentiated-according-to-their-motives-for-using-supplements-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-monitoring-nemonit
#11
Anne Frey, Ingrid Hoffmann, Thorsten Heuer
OBJECTIVE: To characterise German vitamin and mineral supplement users differentiated by their motives for supplement use. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the German National Nutrition Monitoring (2010/11) via two 24 h dietary recalls and a telephone interview. Motive-based subgroups of supplement users were identified by factor and cluster analysis. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, health and dietary characteristics and supplement use were examined. Differences were analysed using χ 2 tests, logistic and linear regression models...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629411/prevalence-and-predictors-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-people-with-coronary-heart-disease-or-at-risk-for-this-in-the-sixth-troms%C3%A3-study-a-comparative-analysis-using-protection-motivation-theory
#12
Agnete E Kristoffersen, Fuschia M Sirois, Trine Stub, Anne Helen Hansen
BACKGROUND: Engagement in healthy lifestyle behaviors, such as healthy diet and regular physical activity, are known to reduce the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD). Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is known to be associated with having a healthy lifestyle. The primary aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of CAM use in CHD patients, and in those without CHD but at risk for developing CHD, using Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) as a guiding conceptual framework...
June 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628537/needs-of-stroke-survivors-as-perceived-by-their-caregivers-a-scoping-review
#13
Shilpa Krishnan, Monique R Pappadis, Susan C Weller, Marsja Stearnes, Amit Kumar, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Timothy A Reistetter
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers usually are not involved while planning the stroke survivor's medical and rehabilitation goals and interventions. This review aimed to identify the needs of stroke survivors as perceived by their caregivers. DESIGN: A literature search from 2003 to 2014 was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, and Google Scholar. Sixty-six studies were included. Most studies excluded did not encompass caregivers' perspectives. Four reviewers screened the titles, abstracts, and full texts of the articles for inclusion...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628476/differences-in-physical-activity-eating-habits-and-risk-of-obesity-among-kuwaiti-adolescent-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#14
Hanan E Badr, S Fatima Lakha, Peter Pennefather
The study aimed to assess gender differences among Kuwaiti adolescents in healthy living choices that impact the risk of obesity. A cross-sectional multistage cluster design was employed with a representative sample of 2672 students aged 13-15 years who completed a self-administered Global School-based Student Health (GSHS) survey. The study found that around 48.0% of adolescents were overweight and obese. More boys than girls were obese (28.2% vs. 22.3%, p < 0.0001). However, boys were more likely than girls to report healthy food choices regarding fruit (38...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628286/-contribution-of-continuous-glucose-measurement-in-the-management-of-gestational-diabetes-a-pilot-study
#15
M Franck, J-C Philips, P Emonts, R P Radermecker
The prevalence of gestational diabetes increases as a result of universal screening, but also because of more stringent diagnostic criteria due to decreased set points. This diabetes can lead to severe complications for the offspring and / or for the mother. The management of a patient suffering from gestational diabetes is based on healthy diet and lifestyle advices. Iterative control of capillary glycemia is the usual way to monitor daily blood glucose. Continuous blood glucose measurement (CGM) provides reliable and comprehensive data over several days...
June 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627191/-associations-between-insulin-resistance-and-three-b-vitamins-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#16
Iris Iglesia, Marcela González-Gross, Inge Huybrechts, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Denes Molnar, Yannis Manios, Kurt Widhalm, Frédéric Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Asensión Marcos, Alejandro De la O Puerta, Catherine Leclercq, Stefaan De Henauw, Peter Stehle, Mathilde Kersting, Theodora Mouratidou, Luis Alberto Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether adolescents with high body mass index (BMI), or fat mass index (FMI), in combination with insulin resistance (assessed with the Homeostatic Model Assessment [HOMA] index), had also lower blood vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12 concentrations. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Six hundred and fifteen adolescents from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study, with data on B-vitamins (both intakes and status), and BMI, FMI, HOMA, were selected...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626830/overweight-obesity-and-risk-of-cardiometabolic-multimorbidity-pooled-analysis-of-individual-level-data-for-120%C3%A2-813-adults-from-16-cohort-studies-from-the-usa-and-europe
#17
Mika Kivimäki, Eeva Kuosma, Jane E Ferrie, Ritva Luukkonen, Solja T Nyberg, Lars Alfredsson, G David Batty, Eric J Brunner, Eleonor Fransson, Marcel Goldberg, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Martin J Shipley, Archana Singh-Manoux, Andrew Steptoe, Sakari B Suominen, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Marianna Virtanen, Peter Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marie Zins, Mark Hamer, Joshua A Bell, Adam G Tabak, Markus Jokela
BACKGROUND: Although overweight and obesity have been studied in relation to individual cardiometabolic diseases, their association with risk of cardiometabolic multimorbidity is poorly understood. Here we aimed to establish the risk of incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity (ie, at least two from: type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke) in adults who are overweight and obese compared with those who are a healthy weight. METHODS: We pooled individual-participant data for BMI and incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity from 16 prospective cohort studies from the USA and Europe...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626345/fungal-dimorphism-and-virulence-molecular-mechanisms-for-temperature-adaptation-immune-evasion-and-in-vivo-survival
#18
REVIEW
Gregory M Gauthier
The thermally dimorphic fungi are a unique group of fungi within the Ascomycota phylum that respond to shifts in temperature by converting between hyphae (22-25°C) and yeast (37°C). This morphologic switch, known as the phase transition, defines the biology and lifestyle of these fungi. The conversion to yeast within healthy and immunocompromised mammalian hosts is essential for virulence. In the yeast phase, the thermally dimorphic fungi upregulate genes involved with subverting host immune defenses. This review highlights the molecular mechanisms governing the phase transition and recent advances in how the phase transition promotes infection...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626171/association-between-overall-lifestyle-changes-and-the-incidence-of-proteinuria-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Minako Wakasugi, Junichiro Kazama, Ichiei Narita, Kunitoshi Iseki, Shouichi Fujimoto, Toshiki Moriyama, Kunihiro Yamagata, Tsuneo Konta, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Koichi Asahi, Masahide Kondo, Issei Kurahashi, Yasuo Ohashi, Kenjiro Kimura, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
Objective This study aimed to examine the association between the changes in an overall healthy lifestyle, as quantified by the number of unhealthy lifestyle factors and obesity status, and the incidence of proteinuria in the general Japanese population. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted among 99,404 (men, 36.9%) participants aged from 40-74 years of age who underwent two health check-ups with a 1-year interval in Japan between 2008 and 2009. Any participants with chronic kidney disease at baseline were excluded...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626106/-seedi-basic-strategies-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Chunsong Hu
ABCDE strategy, mainly based on drugs or medications and the lifestyle modification (named as "main medical strategy"), is popular in the guideline for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in China and foreign countries. Here, the author recommends a non-invasive and non-pharmacologic "Zhongzi" rule, which includes 4 healthy elements: Sleep, emotion, exercise, and diet (SEED), and also called SEED intervention (SEEDi) strategy. It is the basic strategy for primary and secondary prevention of non-infectious diseases, especially for ASCVD...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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