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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783246/-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%BA-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0
#1
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#2
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783223/-rational-nutrition-as-a-prerequisite-for-eliminating-the-risk-of-overweight-public-opinion-and-practice
#3
Natalia O Ryngach, Marina B Scherbinina, Tatiana M Shevchenko, Victoria M Gladun, Volodymyr I Sarychev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The awareness of the working-age population regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors of diseases is analyzed. Aim: To identify and characterize the level of awareness of the working-age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors (with a focus on irrational nutrition and its consequences). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In the sociological study (2017), on request of Dnipropetrovsk regional state administration, methods of deep (N20) and personalized formal interviews (N2000) were used according to a specially developed methodology of qualitative and quantitative research stages and data collection tools...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781732/role-of-positive-lifestyle-activities-on-mood-cognition-well-being-and-disease-characteristics-in-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Lauren B Strober, Alexandra Becker, John J Randolph
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781380/finally-a-regimen-to-extend-human-life-expectancy
#5
James Larrick, Andrew R Mendelsohn
The US has the most expensive healthcare system worldwide. Yet measures of healthspan and life expectancy are well below the major industrialized nations. With the US population aged 65 and older projected to double by mid-century a healthcare crisis is looming. Within this context huge interest and investment has emerged in technologies and drugs to address aging with an expected benefit to healthspan. The thesis being that such basic interventions will reduce morbidity caused by many chronic diseases where biological age itself is the major risk factor...
May 21, 2018: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781140/the-encourage-healthy-families-study-a-comparative-effectiveness-trial-to-reduce-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-in-mothers-and-children
#6
Tamara S Hannon, Chandan Saha, Aaron E Carroll, Kelly N B Palmer, Erin O'Kelly Phillips, David G Marrero
INTRODUCTION: Trials in adults have demonstrated that interventions targeting lifestyle are effective in preventing or delaying type 2 diabetes (T2D). To address this need in youth, we developed ENCOURAGE Healthy Families (ENCOURAGE), based on the US Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). STUDY DESIGN: Here we present results of the ENCOURAGE randomized, comparative effectiveness trial in which we evaluated ENCOURAGE delivered to 1) mothers only, and 2) mothers with added content delivered to their children...
May 20, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780761/a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-in-barcelona-poiba-project-study-protocol-of-the-intervention
#7
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Olga Juárez, Gemma Serral, Sara Valmayor, Rosa Puigpinós, María Isabel Pasarín, Élia Díez, Carles Ariza
Background: Childhood obesity preventive interventions should promote a healthy diet and physical activity at home and school. This study aims to describe a school-based childhood obesity preventive programme (POIBA Project) targeting 8-to-12- year-olds. Design and methods: Evaluation study of a school-based intervention with a pre-post quasi-experimental design and a comparison group. Schools from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are oversampled. The intervention consists of 9 sessions, including 58 activities of a total duration between 9 and 13 hours, and the booster intervention of 2 sessions with 8 activities lasting 3 or 4 hours...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777560/the-effect-of-mobile-messaging-apps-on-cardiac-patient-knowledge-of-cad-risk-factors-and-adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle
#8
Yea Hung Tang, Mei Chan Chong, Yan Piaw Chua, Ping Lei Chui, Li Yoong Tang, Norsiah Rahmat
AIMS: This study aimed to determine the effect mobile messaging apps on coronary artery disease patient knowledge of and adherence to a healthy lifestyle. BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing incidence of coronary artery disease in recent years, interventions targeting coronary artery disease risk factors are urgent public priorities. The use of mobile technology in healthcare services and medical education is relatively new with promising future prospects. DESIGN: This study used a quasi-experimental design that included pre- and post-test for intervention and control groups...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776914/combining-variables-for-cancer-risk-estimation-is-the-sum-better-than-the-parts
#9
EDITORIAL
Christine M Friedenreich, Anne McTiernan
Examining joint exposures of modifiable breast cancer risk factors may provide advantages over individual exposure-disease association analyses. Using the Healthy Lifestyle Index, Arthur and colleagues analyzed the joint impacts of diet, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, and obesity on breast cancer risk, and subtypes, in postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative. The analysis provides data for population-attributable risk estimations and future prevention trials to target multiple risk factors...
May 18, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776901/a-moderated-e-forum-for-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease-usability-study
#10
Rika Tanaka, Anita Banerjee, Jelena Surikova, Jacqueline Tracey, Ada Payne, Heather Ross, Robert Nolan
BACKGROUND: Self-care behaviors are commonly prescribed to manage both cardiovascular disease and hypertension to reduce modifiable risk factors and improve quality of life. Nevertheless, long-term adherence to self-care recommendations for cardiac patients has been problematic. In cardiac patients, moderated online forums have been found to be particularly useful in supporting maintenance of heart-healthy diet and fewer hospital visits. As such, we developed the e-Forum, a Web-based moderated forum designed to promote continued user engagement and long-term self-care adherence...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776007/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-swedish-propensity-to-achieve-healthy-lifestyle-scale-in-patients-with-hypertension
#11
Anders Broström, A H Pakpour, Martin Ulander, Per Nilsen
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a Swedish questionnaire to measure propensity for behaviour change regarding food habits, physical activity and weight reduction in patients with hypertension. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. METHODS: A total of 270 consecutive patients with hypertension diagnosed at 4 primary care centres in Sweden were included. The 6-item Swedish version of the Propensity to Achieve Healthy Lifestyle Scale (PAHLS) was developed to measure propensity for behaviour change regarding food habits, physical activity and weight reduction...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775960/strategies-to-decrease-oxidative-stress-biomarker-levels-in-human-medical-conditions-a-meta-analysis-on-8-iso-prostaglandin-f-2%C3%AE
#12
Thomas J van 't Erve
The widespread detection of elevated oxidative stress levels in many medical conditions has led to numerous efforts to design interventions to reduce its effects. Efforts have been wide-ranging, from dietary changes to administration of antioxidants, supplements, e.g., omega-3-fatty acids, and many medications. However, there is still no systemic assessment of the efficacy of treatments for oxidative stress reduction across a variety of medical conditions. The goal of this meta-analysis is, by combining multiple studies, to quantitate the change in the levels of the popular oxidative stress biomarker 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α ) after a variety of treatment strategies in human populations...
May 9, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775475/perceptions-of-community-safety-and-social-activity-participation-among-youth-in-south-africa
#13
Nicole De Wet, Oluwaseyi Somefun, Ndivhuwo Rambau
BACKGROUND: Crime and violence causes massive disruptions to the health, survival and development of populations. In South Africa, incredibly high rates of crime and violence are noted. The country also has a very large youth population whose health, survival and development are key to economic growth. Among other efforts to encourage healthy youth development and the promotion of social activities such as sports, youth groups, choirs and so forth. This study examines the relationship between perceived community safety and the uptake of social activities among youth in South Africa...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774805/men-s-preconception-health-a-primary-health-care-viewpoint
#14
Anthony Paul O'Brien, John Hurley, Paul Linsley, Karen Anne McNeil, Richard Fletcher, John Robert Aitken
The purpose of this article is to theoretically explore men's preconception health as a mechanism to enhance fertility, as well as the health and well-being of the subject and his descendants. Premorbid risk factors and behaviors associated with stress, environmental toxins, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, lack of exercise/obesity, and the use of illicit drugs are all known to affect fecundity. While there are many health clinics available to women, where advice in areas such as postnatal care of the newborn, family planning, and couples fertility is provided, there are few, if any, equivalent health clinics available to men...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774489/the-role-of-lifestyle-in-male-infertility-diet-physical-activity-and-body-habitus
#15
REVIEW
Russell P Hayden, Ryan Flannigan, Peter N Schlegel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing attention to primary and secondary prevention of male infertility through modifiable lifestyle factors has gained traction amongst both patients and infertility specialists. In this review, the available evidence of modifiable lifestyle choices, specifically diet, physical activity, and body habitus, are evaluated. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies examining diet, exercise/physical activity, and body habitus are characterized by conflicting conclusions, difficult confounders, and imperfect end points to judge male reproductive potential...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773586/seafood-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#16
REVIEW
Eric B Rimm, Lawrence J Appel, Stephanie E Chiuve, Luc Djoussé, Mary B Engler, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Dariush Mozaffarian, David S Siscovick, Alice H Lichtenstein
Since the 2002 American Heart Association scientific statement "Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cardiovascular Disease," evidence from observational and experimental studies and from randomized controlled trials continues to emerge to further substantiate the beneficial effects of seafood long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. A recent American Heart Association science advisory addressed the specific effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on clinical cardiovascular events...
May 17, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769115/lifestyle-choices-and-mental-health-a-longitudinal-survey-with-german-and-chinese-students
#17
Julia Velten, Angela Bieda, Saskia Scholten, André Wannemüller, Jürgen Margraf
BACKGROUND: A healthy lifestyle can be beneficial for one's mental health. Thus, identifying healthy lifestyle choices that promote psychological well-being and reduce mental problems is useful to prevent mental disorders. The aim of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the predictive values of a broad range of lifestyle choices for positive mental health (PMH) and mental health problems (MHP) in German and Chinese students. METHOD: Data were assessed at baseline and at 1-year follow-up...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769106/peer-mentor-versus-teacher-delivery-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-the-effects-of-bmi-and-daily-activity-protocol-of-a-school-based-group-randomized-controlled-trial-in-appalachia
#18
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa, Abigail Shoben
BACKGROUND: Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are particularly sedentary. Obesity prevention through improving physical activity is a top priority in Rural Healthy People 2020. Obesity prevalence among Appalachian teens exceeds the national rates of 13.9% and has consistently been greater than 26%. Organized sports has not been effective at improving daily physical activity or health outcomes for Appalachian teens...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768343/potential-common-factors-associated-with-predisposition-to-common-cold-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Michi Shibata, Taizo Iwane, Ryoko Higuchi, Kaname Suwa, Kei Nakajima
People worldwide frequently catch a common cold, which occasionally develops into secondary severe conditions such as pneumonia. However, it is unclear whether predisposition to the common cold is associated with the individual's characteristics including age, body weight, lifestyles, diets, and intestinal functions, besides exposure to a responsible pathogen. We addressed this issue epidemiologically considering many relevant clinical factors.We reviewed data from a cross-sectional study consisting of 39,524 apparently healthy Japanese aged 40 to 79 years (26,975 men and 12,549 women) who underwent a checkup in 2007...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768089/a-commentary-on-effects-of-regular-physical-activity-on-the-cognitive-performance-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review-by-podolski-et-al-metab-syndr-relat-disord-2017-15-481-493
#20
Erin M Shellington, Sonja M Reichert, Robert J Petrella
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) imparts an increased risk for cognitive decline, specifically executive function, which is important to maintain for diabetes self-management. There is evidence to suggest that exercise improves cognition in healthy older adults; however, the literature in adults with T2DM is lacking. This commentary is in complement to Podolski et al.'s systematic review evaluating the effects of physical activity on cognitive function in adults with T2DM. We have included eight additional studies and further highlight their conclusions on the heterogeneity of the literature thus far...
May 16, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
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