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psychoanalytic psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022848/the-theory-and-art-of-child-psychotherapy-a-corrective-developmental-approach
#1
Robert Friedman
The history of child psychotherapy is sketched from the psychoanalytic pioneers Anna Freud and Melanie Klein to the popular "nondirective" approach of Virginia Axline. The author's approach to child psychotherapy, based on contemporary psychoanalytic theories, allows the therapist to play any parental role that helps to repair developmental deficiencies and conflicts. These include nurturing, supporting, mirroring, role modeling, challenging, and limit setting. Following Winnicott, psychotherapy is conceived as a play space in which therapist and child are both spontaneous...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018552/the-cognitive-therapy-of-depression-rests-on-substantial-theoretical-empirical-and-clinical-foundations-a-reply-to-dr-gipps
#2
Stirling Moorey
Dr Gipps claims that the cognitive therapy for depression rests on a mistake. But his anachronistic analysis of Beck's early research from the perspective of current psychoanalytic theory misses the point. The value of the research was not that it disproved psychoanalytic theory, but that it generated a model of depression that has revolutionised psychotherapy research. Psychoanalysts are belatedly adopting research methods that Beck pioneered half a century ago. The cognitive model of depression has explanatory power for both maintenance and vulnerability and has substantial research underpinning it...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016275/effectiveness-of-psychoanalytic-interactional-group-therapy-vs-behavioral-group-therapy-in-routine-outpatient-treatment-of-alcohol-dependent-patients
#3
Peter W Nyhuis, Eva Niederhofer, Norbert Scherbaum, Fabrizio Schifano, Udo Bonnet, Nikolai Dembski, Anna Niederhofer, Michael Specka, Meike Tenbergen
BACKGROUND: The cognitive behavioral therapy has been extensively investigated to assess relapse prevention rates in patients with alcohol dependence. In contrast, only little is known regarding the effectiveness of psychoanalytical psychotherapy in relapse prevention, although this treatment is widely used and especially so in Germany. The aim of this quasi-randomized study was to compare the effectiveness of these two group treatments' approaches under the condition of routine outpatient treatment in a non-university hospital...
October 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974184/psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-externalising-psychopathology-an-effectiveness-trial
#4
Katharina Weitkamp, Judith K Daniels, Georg Romer, Silke Wiegand-Grefe
OBJECTIVES: This partly waitlist-controlled prospective field study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoanalytic psychotherapy for children and adolescents with severe externalising symptoms. Externalising symptoms are associated with diagnoses of conduct disorders, hyperkinetic disorders, and disorders of social functioning. METHODS: Participants were 93 children and adolescents in psychoanalytic therapy with a diagnosed psychiatric disorder with externalising symptomatology (intervention group: n = 65; minimal supportive treatment/waitlist control group: n = 28)...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922005/behavioral-activation-in-tfp-the-role-of-the-treatment-contract-in-transference-focused-psychotherapy
#5
Frank E Yeomans, Jill C Delaney, Kenneth N Levy
Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) is a manualized evidence-based treatment for borderline and other severe personality disorders that is based on psychoanalytic object relations theory. Similar to other psychodynamic psychotherapies, TFP focuses on changing psychological structures, but also focuses on symptom and behavioral change, particularly the importance of being active (e.g., obtaining a job or involvement in similar activities). In TFP, the establishment of the treatment contract, also known as the treatment frame, is where goals such as work and other activities are agreed upon...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915904/tiga-cub-manualised-psychoanalytic-child-psychotherapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-children-aged-5-11-years-with-treatment-resistant-conduct-disorders-and-their-primary-carers-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#6
Elizabeth Edginton, Rebecca Walwyn, Kayleigh Burton, Robert Cicero, Liz Graham, Sadie Reed, Sandy Tubeuf, Maureen Twiddy, Alex Wright-Hughes, Lynda Ellis, Dot Evans, Tom Hughes, Nick Midgley, Paul Wallis, David Cottrell
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends evidence-based parenting programmes as a first-line intervention for conduct disorders (CD) in children aged 5-11 years. As these are not effective in 25-33% of cases, NICE has requested research into second-line interventions. Child and Adolescent Psychotherapists (CAPTs) address highly complex problems where first-line treatments have failed and there have been small-scale studies of Psychoanalytic Child Psychotherapy (PCP) for CD...
September 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903596/changes-in-self-representations-following-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-for-young-adults-a-comparative-typology
#7
Andrzej Werbart, Lars Brusell, Rebecka Iggedal, Kristin Lavfors, Alexander Widholm
Changes in dynamic psychological structures are often a treatment goal in psychotherapy. The present study aimed at creating a typology of self-representations among young women and men in psychoanalytic psychotherapy, to study longitudinal changes in self-representations, and to compare self-representations in the clinical sample with those of a nonclinical group. Twenty-five women and sixteen men were interviewed according to Blatt's Object Relations Inventory pretreatment, at termination, and at a 1.5-year follow-up...
October 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899184/the-broken-self-injured-states-in-the-transference-countertransference-matrix
#8
Barbara Reichenthal
Themes of injury and injuredness reverberate throughout the treatment of patients categorized as having disorders of the self. Aspects of the various identifications that these patients may make with clinicians who are visibly physically handicapped from the outset of treatment are explored. Vignettes from psychoanalytically informed psychotherapies conducted at frequencies of up to three times weekly reveal how these identifications are used to externalize a sense of internal psychic impairment and to shed defective introjects in an attempt to preserve a faltering self...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890703/observations-on-working-psychoanalytically-with-a-profoundly-amnesic-patient
#9
Paul A Moore, Christian E Salas, Suvi Dockree, Oliver H Turnbull
Individuals with profound amnesia are markedly impaired in explicitly recalling new episodic events, but appear to preserve the capacity to use information from other sources. Amongst these preserved capacities is the ability to form new memories of an emotional nature - a skill at the heart of developing and sustaining interpersonal relationships. The psychoanalytic study of individuals with profound amnesia might contribute to the understanding the importance of each memory system, including effects on key analytic processes such as transference and countertransference...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866724/dr-karol-de-beaurain-a-psychiatrist-s-profile-part-1
#10
REVIEW
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper sets out to recall the profile of Karol de Beaurain, a psychiatrist who belonged to the circle of first Poles who used psychoanalysis in treatment. So far, dr Beaurain has been known from brief references in publications relating to the life and works of Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz (Witkacy) whose psychoanalytic sessions he conducted between 1912 and 1913. De Beaurain was born in 1867 and studied medicine at Swiss universities (Zurich, Berne, Geneva) where he defended his doctoral thesis as well...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846507/assessing-distance-training-how-well-does-it-produce-psychoanalytic-psychotherapists
#11
Robert M Gordon, Jing Lan
How effective is psychoanalytic/psychodynamic distance training over the Internet? To assess this, we surveyed graduates of the 2-year and 4-year programs of the China America Psychoanalytic Alliance (CAPA). The main results of the 90 graduates' surveys showed that 77% of their work involves a psychoanalytic formulation of their cases as compared to other theoretical orientations. Graduates highly rated the effectiveness of their own psychoanalytic therapy over videoconferencing (VCON). Graduates' ratings of treatment with their patients over VCON positively correlated with years of psychoanalytic education, number of days a week in own treatment, years doing psychoanalytic treatment, and degree working with a psychoanalytic orientation...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790937/observation-of-interactions-in-adolescent-group-therapy-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Eulàlia Arias-Pujol, M Teresa Anguera
Group psychotherapy is a useful clinical practice for adolescents with mental health issues. Groups typically consist of young people of similar ages but with different personalities, and this results in a complex communication network. The goal of group psychoanalytic psychotherapy is to improve participants' mentalization abilities, facilitating interactions between peers and their therapist in a safe, containing environment. The main aim of this study was to analyze conversation turn-taking between a lead therapist, a co-therapist, and six adolescents over the course of 24 treatment sessions divided into four blocks over 8 months...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776658/the-possessions-at-loudun-tracking-the-discourse-of-dissociation
#13
Craig E Stephenson
Embedded in the history of dissociation is the best known case of possession in European history, the 17(th) century possessions at Loudun, France (1632-1638). The exorcisms and the trial drew crowds from all over Europe, the outcome prefiguring the direction in which the Western science of mind would be carried. The published debate about the possessed and obsessed Ursuline nuns of Loudun spans four centuries. One can track how theorizing about dissociation changed over time, with psychological contributions by Jean Martin Charcot, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Pierre Janet, Michel Foucault and Michel de Certeau...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738737/20-20-hindsight-a-25-year-programme-at-the-anna-freud-centre-of-efficacy-and-effectiveness-research-on-child-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy
#14
Mary Target
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the evolution of methods of enquiry-through 25 years of work, with Professor Peter Fonagy and many other colleagues-of research and theorizing about child and adolescent therapy outcomes. METHOD: The work has focused on measuring psychoanalytic outcomes, but with an increasing interest in discovering therapeutic elements across treatment modalities. RESULTS: Headline findings are described, with lessons from the ups and downs of developing (a) retrospective, follow-up, and prospective outcome studies, and (b) measures of child and family functioning...
July 24, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714808/-it-was-hard-work-every-session-therapists-view-of-successful-psychoanalytic-treatments
#15
Andrzej Werbart, Peter Missios, Fredrik Waldenström, Peter Lilliengren
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences of the therapeutic process in successful cases of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. METHOD: A two-stage, mixed-method design was used. Sixteen successful cases were drawn from a sample of 92 young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy according to Jacobson's criteria for reliable and clinically significant improvement. Therapist interviews at baseline and termination were analyzed applying Inductive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: Three core themes emerged: Being Particularly Motivated to be This Patient's Therapist, Maintaining a Safe and Attentive Therapeutic Position, and Assiduous Work Every Session...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628961/the-study-and-treatment-of-mothers-and-infants-then-and-now-melanie-klein-s-notes-on-baby-in-a-contemporary-psychoanalytic-context
#16
Joseph Aguayo, Björn Salomonsson
This paper draws on Melanie Klein's (unpublished) observational notes of her infant grandson, written primarily in 1938 and 1939. Apart from moving glimpses into a young family's life, the notes contain astute observations of an infant's behavior and emotions. Compared with Klein's published writings, the style is less theoretical and polemical. Later, in his latency years, Klein's grandson was in analysis with Marion Milner, who in 1952 published a paper drawing on the treatment. The present paper focuses on (1) how observations and treatment of the same child and his family by clinicians in close relationships with each other (Klein, Milner, and Winnicott) fertilized reciprocal influence but also brought into question the validity of Klein's observations, and (2) the relative merits and contributions of various modalities in understanding the infant's psyche, including experimental research, direct observation, parent-infant psychotherapy, and reconstructions from older patients-as occurs, for example, in psychoanalysis...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614491/depression-and-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#17
Ângela Ribeiro, João P Ribeiro, Orlando von Doellinger
Depression is a complex condition, and its classical biological/psychosocial distinction is fading. Current guidelines are increasingly advocating psychotherapy as a treatment option. Psychodynamic psychotherapy models encompass a heterogeneous group of interventions derived from early psychoanalytic conceptualizations. Growing literature is raising awareness in the scientific community about the importance of these treatment options, as well as their favorable impact on post-treatment outcomes and relapse prevention...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613131/ego-boundary-deficits-and-the-negative-therapeutic-inter-action-a-tale-of-a-whale-a-whale-of-a-tale
#18
Charles A Peterson
Defined variously and unsatisfactorily as a worsening of the patient's condition following a correct interpretation, the negative therapeutic reaction is typically blamed on the patient: "the operation was a success but the patient died." For most neurotic patients unconscious guilt objects to progress and activates the need to suffer. For most character-disturbed patients envy cannot bear the analyst's cleverness. However, patients with ego boundary problems-even sectors of psychosis-may require a different explanatory mechanism, where a correct interpretation may be experienced as a penetration and an engulfment, threatening the intactness of the self...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590208/borderline-patients-25-to-50-years-later-with-commentary-on-outcome-factors
#19
Michael H Stone
The current study concerns the long-term follow-up of 40 patients with borderline personality disorder. Sixteen were patients from the PI-500 study, formerly hospitalized at the New York State Psychiatric Institute. Twenty-four had been from the author's private practice 25 to 50 years ago. Twenty-one of the combined group had first been in treatment 50 years ago. This is believed to be the longest follow-up period recorded for borderline patients. The main results are that two-thirds of the patients eventually reached the level of either clinical remission or clinical recovery...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532333/interpreting-the-inner-world-of-adhd-children-psychoanalytic-perspectives
#20
Björn Salomonsson
ADHD is increasingly seen as associated with cerebral dysfunction and caused by it. This development is concomitant with an emphasis on medication, behavioural treatments, and parent training programmes. In contrast, psychoanalytic therapy has receded into the background and is often viewed as inefficient or even noxious. This paper argues that such views are based on a misunderstanding of the scope of psychotherapy. Though much more systematic research is needed to establish its efficacy, it can inform on the ADHD child's emotional experiences...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
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