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Photodynamic therapy cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636149/photocatalytic-interaction-of-aminophylline-riboflavin-leads-to-ros-mediated-dna-damage-and-cell-death-a-novel-phototherapeutic-mechanism-for-cancer
#1
Saniyya Khan, Imrana Naseem
The accompanied tissue devastation and systemic toxicity of chemotherapy has shifted the quest for having an effective and palliative cancer therapy towards photodynamic therapy (PDT). Riboflavin (Rf), an essential micronutrient is emerging as a potent tool of PDT, due to its excellent photosensitizing properties. It can be used as an efficient adjuvant for various anticancer drugs. The hemolytic and proteolytic effect of photoilluminated aminophylline (Am), a xanthine derivative, and Rf is well documented in literature...
June 21, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633821/enhanced-production-of-hypocrellin-a-by-ultrasound-stimulation-in-submerged-cultures-of-shiraia-bambusicola
#2
Chun Xiao Sun, Yan Jun Ma, Jian Wen Wang
Hypocrellin A (HA), a naturally occurring fungal perylenequinone, is widely used in clinic to treat skin diseases and developed as a photodynamic therapy (PDT) agent against cancers. In this study, a low intensity ultrasound (US, 0.28W/cm(2) at 40kHz) was conducted thrice of repeated US exposure (5-min) with an interval of 12h to stimulate HA production of Shiraia bambusicola after 72h of the initial submerged cultures. US not only increased the content of HA by 177.2% in mycelia, but stimulated the release of HA into the medium with the highest total production of HA (247...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633106/selective-photocytotoxicity-of-anthrols-on-cancer-stem-like-cells-the-effect-of-quinone-methides-or-reactive-oxygen-species
#3
Lidija Uzelac, Đani Škalamera, Kata Mlinarić-Majerski, Nikola Basarić, Marijeta Kralj
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subpopulation of cancer cells that share properties of embryonic stem cells like pluripotency and self-renewal and show increased resistance to chemo- and radiotherapy. Targeting CSC, rather than cancer cells in general, is a novel and promising strategy for cancer treatment. Novel therapeutic approaches, such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) have been investigated. A promising group of phototherapeutic agents are reactive intermediates - quinone methides (QMs). This study describes preparation of QM precursor, 2-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethylanthracene (2) and a detailed photochemical and photobiological investigation on similar anthracene derivatives 3 and 4...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633062/blue-light-induced-reactive-oxygen-species-from-flavin-mononucleotide-and-flavin-adenine-dinucleotide-on-lethality-of-hela-cells
#4
Ming-Yeh Yang, Chih-Jui Chang, Liang-Yü Chen
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a safe and non-invasive treatment for cancers and microbial infections. Various photosensitizers and light sources have been developed for clinical cancer therapies. Flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) are the cofactor of enzymes and are used as photosensitizers in this study. Targeting hypoxia and light-triggering reactive oxygen species (ROS) are experimental strategies for poisoning tumor cells in vitro. HeLa cells are committed to apoptosis when treated with FMN or FAD and exposed to visible blue light (the maximum emitted wavelength of blue light is 462nm)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632263/fabrication-of-a-graphene-c60-nanohybrid-via-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-host-guest-chemistry-for-photodynamic-and-photothermal-therapy
#5
Zhen Hu, Cheng Wang, Feng Zhao, Xirong Xu, Shuhong Wang, Long Yu, Dayu Zhang, Yudong Huang
The wonderful chemical structures and characteristics of low-dimensional carbon materials have exciting applications in life sciences. In the present study, we developed a facile strategy to conjugate C60 with graphene via host-guest chemistry for targeted phototherapy. A versatile carrier based on folic acid-functionalized graphene (GO-FA) and comprising γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) at its surface was assembled via π-π interaction, creating hybrid structures with drug storage and tumor targeting properties. This γ-CD-modified graphene (GO-FA/Py-γ-CD) is capable of hosting pristine C60 molecules for the fabrication of a GO-FA/Py-γ-CD/C60 nanohybrid...
June 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629893/a-new-nir-triggered-dox-and-icg-co-delivery-system-for-enhanced-multidrug-resistant-cancer-treatment-through-simultaneous-chemo-photothermal-photodynamic-therapy
#6
Yanna Yu, Zhipeng Zhang, Yun Wang, Hao Zhu, Fangzhou Li, Yuanyuan Shen, Shengrong Guo
It is a great challenge to combat multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer effectively. To address this issue, we developed a new near-infrared (NIR) triggered chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (DOX) and photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) co-release system by aid of NIR induced photothermal effect of gold nanocages (AuNCs) and temperature sensitive phase-change property of 1-tetradecanol at its melting point of 39°C, which could simultaneously exerted chemo/photothermal/photodynamic treatment on MDR human breast cancer MCF-7/ADR cells...
June 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627326/triphenylamines-induce-cell-death-upon-2-photon-excitation
#7
Rahima Chennoufi, Florence Mahuteau-Betzer, Patrick Tauc, Marie-Paule Teulade-Fichou, Eric Deprez
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising therapeutic method for several diseases, in particular for cancer. This approach uses a photosensitizer, oxygen, and an external light source to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) at lethal doses to induce cell death. One drawback of current PDT is the use of visible light which has poor penetration in tissues. Such a limitation could be overcome by the use of novel organic compounds compatible with photoactivation under near-infrared light excitation. Triphenylamines (TPAs) are highly fluorescent compounds that are efficient to induce cell death upon visible light excitation (458 nm), but outside the biological spectral window...
January 1, 2017: Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626897/ultrastable-near-infrared-conjugated-polymer-nanoparticles-for-dually-photoactive-tumor-inhibition
#8
Tao Yang, Ling Liu, Yibin Deng, Zhengqing Guo, Guobing Zhang, Zhishen Ge, Hengte Ke, Huabing Chen
It is highly desired that satisfactory photoactive agents with ideal photophysical characteristics are explored for potent cancer phototherapeutics. Herein, bifunctional nanoparticles of low-bandgap donor-acceptor (D-A)-type conjugated-polymer nanoparticles (CP-NPs) are developed to afford a highly efficient singlet-to-triplet transition and photothermal conversion for near-infrared (NIR) light-induced photodynamic (PDT)/photothermal (PTT) treatment. CP-NPs display remarkable NIR absorption with the peak at 782 nm, and perfect resistance to photobleaching...
June 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618944/demethoxycurcumin-in-combination-with-ultraviolet-radiation-b-induces-apoptosis-through-the-mitochondrial-pathway-and-caspase-activation-in-a431-and-hacat-cells
#9
Yong Xin, Qian Huang, Pei Zhang, Wen Wen Guo, Long Zhen Zhang, Guan Jiang
Photodynamic therapy is widely used in the clinical treatment of tumors, especially skin cancers. It has been reported that the photosensitizer curcumin, in combination with ultraviolet radiation B, induces HaCaT cell apoptosis, and this effect may be due to the activation of caspase pathways. In this study, we examined the photodynamic effects of demethoxycurcumin, a more stable analogue of curcumin, to determine whether it could induce apoptosis in skin cancer cells. We investigated the effects of a combination of ultraviolet radiation B and demethoxycurcumin on apoptotic cell death in A431 and HaCaT cells and determined the molecular mechanism of action...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616663/the-water-soluble-axially-disubstituted-silicon-phthalocyanines-photophysicochemical-properties-and-in-vitro-studies
#10
Meltem Göksel, Zekeriya Biyiklioglu, Mahmut Durmuş
Two novel silicon(IV) phthalocyanines bearing 1,3-bis[3(dimethylamino)phenoxy]propan-2-ol or 1,3-bis[3(diethylamino)phenoxy]propan-2-ol groups at their axial positions were synthesized. These phthalocyanines were converted into their water soluble derivatives by the quaternization reaction with methyl iodide. The quaternized phthalocyanines show excellent solubility aqueous solutions without any aggregation which makes them potential photosensitizers for use in photodynamic therapy (PDT). For this reason, the photophysical and photochemical properties such as fluorescence quantum yields, lifetimes, singlet oxygen generation and photodegradation of both non-ionic (3 and 5) and quaternized cationic silicon(IV) phthalocyanines were investigated...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616398/new-photodynamic-therapy-with-next-generation-photosensitizers
#11
REVIEW
Hiromi Kataoka, Hirotada Nishie, Noriyuki Hayashi, Mamoru Tanaka, Akihiro Nomoto, Shigenobu Yano, Takashi Joh
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a non-invasive antitumor treatment that uses the combination of a photosensitizer, tissue oxygen, and visible light irradiation to produce cytotoxic reactive oxygen species, predominantly singlet oxygen. Currently, first-generation PDT using porfimer sodium with an excimer dye laser, and second-generation PDT using talaporfin sodium PDT with a semiconductor laser are approved by health insurance for use in Japan. However, the cancer cell specificity and selectivity of these treatments are inadequate...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615940/killing-malignant-melanoma-cells-with-protoporphyrin-ix-loaded-polymersome-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-and-cold-atmospheric-plasma
#12
Mian Wang, Benjamin M Geilich, Michael Keidar, Thomas J Webster
Traditional cancer treatments contain several limitations such as incomplete ablation and multidrug resistance. It is known that photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective treatment for several tumor types especially melanoma cells. During the PDT process, protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), an effective photosensitizer, can selectively kill cancer cells by activating a special light source. When tumor cells encapsulate a photosensitizer, they can be easily excited into an excited state by a light source. In this study, cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) was used as a novel light source...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614300/pten-counteracts-fbxl2-to-promote-ip3r3-and-ca-2-mediated-apoptosis-limiting-tumour-growth
#13
Shafi Kuchay, Carlotta Giorgi, Daniele Simoneschi, Julia Pagan, Sonia Missiroli, Anita Saraf, Laurence Florens, Michael P Washburn, Ana Collazo-Lorduy, Mireia Castillo-Martin, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, Said M Sebti, Paolo Pinton, Michele Pagano
In response to environmental cues that promote IP3 (inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate) generation, IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) located on the endoplasmic reticulum allow the 'quasisynaptical' feeding of calcium to the mitochondria to promote oxidative phosphorylation. However, persistent Ca(2+) release results in mitochondrial Ca(2+) overload and consequent apoptosis. Among the three mammalian IP3Rs, IP3R3 appears to be the major player in Ca(2+)-dependent apoptosis. Here we show that the F-box protein FBXL2 (the receptor subunit of one of 69 human SCF (SKP1, CUL1, F-box protein) ubiquitin ligase complexes) binds IP3R3 and targets it for ubiquitin-, p97- and proteasome-mediated degradation to limit Ca(2+) influx into mitochondria...
June 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613898/enhanced-phototherapy-by-nanoparticle-enzyme-via-generation-and-photolysis-of-hydrogen-peroxide
#14
Kaiwen Chang, Zhihe Liu, Xiaofeng Fang, Haobin Chen, Xiaoju Men, Ye Yuan, Kai Sun, Xuanjun Zhang, Zhen Yuan, Changfeng Wu
Light has been widely used for cancer therapeutics such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT). This paper describes a strategy called enzyme-enhanced phototherapy (EEPT) for cancer treatment. We constructed a nanoparticle platform by covalent conjugation of glucose oxidase (GOx) to small polymer dots (Pdots), which could be persistently immobilized into tumor. While the malignant tumors have high glucose uptake, the GOx efficiently catalyzes the glucose oxidation with simultaneous generation of H2O2...
June 14, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609792/-systematic-review-on-conservative-treatment-options-in-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-patients-refractory-to-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-instillation-therapy
#15
Thomas Martini, Felix Wezel, Niklas Löbig, Michael J Mitterberger, Daniela Colleselli
Background Adjuvant Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) intravesical instillation is the recommended standard treatment in patients with high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). However, a significant proportion of patients fail treatment, and radical cystectomy (RC) is the subsequent gold standard. On the other hand, there is an unmet need for conservative alternatives for patients who are unfit or unwilling to undergo surgery. This study aimed to identify conservative treatment options in NMIBC patients after BCG failure...
June 13, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607603/photodynamic-treatment-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells-with-low-curcumin-concentrations
#16
Kim Beyer, Frangis Nikfarjam, Manuel Butting, Markus Meissner, Anke König, Ana Ramirez Bosca, Roland Kaufmann, Detlef Heidemann, August Bernd, Stefan Kippenberger, Nadja Zöller
Objective: Curcumin is known for its anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumorigenic qualities at concentrations ranging from 3.7µg/ml to 55µg/ml. Therefore it is pre-destined for tumour therapy. Due to high oral doses that have to be administered and the low bioavailability of curcumin new therapy concepts have to be developed. One of these therapy concepts is the combination of low curcumin concentrations and UVA or visible light. Aim of our study was to investigate the influence of this treatment regime on oral squamous cell carcinoma cells...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606509/targeting-integrin-rich-tumors-with-temoporfin-loaded-vitamin-e-succinate-grafted-chitosan-oligosaccharide-d-%C3%AE-tocopheryl-polyethylene-glycol-1000-succinate-nanoparticles-to-enhance-photodynamic-therapy-efficiency
#17
Junru Wu, Shu Feng, Wenchao Liu, Feng Gao, Yanzuo Chen
A major challenge in cancer photodynamic therapy (PDT) is the poor tumor selectivity of the photosensitizer. Therefore, temoporfin (mTHPC)-loaded nanoparticles, based on vitamin-E-succinate-grafted chitosan oligosaccharide and cyclic (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-d-phenylalanine-lysine) (c[RGDfK])-modified d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate, were prepared (RGD-NPs) and were expected to enhance the accumulation of mTHPC in integrin-rich U87MG tumors. The RGD-NPs generated were 144.9nm in diameter and uniformly spherical...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604596/optimized-photodynamic-therapy-with-multifunctional-cobalt-magnetic-nanoparticles
#18
Kyong-Hoon Choi, Ki Chang Nam, Un-Ho Kim, Guangsup Cho, Jin-Seung Jung, Bong Joo Park
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been adopted as a minimally invasive approach for the localized treatment of superficial tumors, representing an improvement in the care of cancer patients. To improve the efficacy of PDT, it is important to first select an optimized nanocarrier and determine the influence of light parameters on the photosensitizing agent. In particular, much more knowledge concerning the importance of fluence and exposure time is required to gain a better understanding of the photodynamic efficacy...
June 10, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603560/histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-potentiate-photodynamic-therapy-in-colon-cancer-cells-marked-by-chromatin-mediated-epigenetic-regulation-of-cdkn1a
#19
Andrea Halaburková, Rastislav Jendželovský, Ján Kovaľ, Zdenko Herceg, Peter Fedoročko, Akram Ghantous
BACKGROUND: Hypericin-mediated photodynamic therapy (HY-PDT) has recently captured increased attention as an alternative minimally invasive anticancer treatment, although cancer cells may acquire resistance. Therefore, combination treatments may be necessary to enhance HY-PDT efficacy. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) are often used in combination treatments due to their non-genotoxic properties and epigenetic potential to sensitize cells to external stimuli. Therefore, this study attempts for the first time to investigate the therapeutic effects of HDACis in combination with visible light-mediated PDT against cancer...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599959/photodynamic-process-induced-by-chloro-aluminum-phthalocyanine-nanoemulsion-in-glioblastoma
#20
Andrielle Castilho-Fernandes, Tácila G Lopes, Fernando L Primo, Marcelo R Pinto, Antonio C Tedesco
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a tumor characterized by rapid cell proliferation and migration. GBM constitutes the most aggressive and deadly type of brain tumor and is classified into several subtypes that show high resistance to conventional therapies. There are currently no curative treatments for malignant glioma despite the numerous advances in surgical techniques, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Therefore, alternative approaches are required to improve GBM treatment...
June 6, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
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