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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532087/the-repairing-of-full-thickness-skin-deficiency-and-its-biological-mechanism-using-decellularized-human-amniotic-membrane-as-the-wound-dressing
#1
Mengsheng Song, Weiqing Wang, Qihua Ye, Shizhong Bu, Zhisen Shen, Yabin Zhu
Human amniotic membrane (HAM) was a biocompatible scaffold with advantages of anti-inflammatory, low antigen, feasibility, tolerance and low cost. In our previous work, HAM was treated to be decellularized using surfactant, lipase and DNAase methods and the efficacy as an implantable biological mesh was verified after decellularization treatment. In this work, we used the previous protocol to decellularize the fresh HAM, and applied it to repair full-thickness skin defects with Sprague-Dawley rats as the test animals...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532083/effects-for-rapid-conversion-from-abalone-shell-to-hydroxyapaptite-nanosheets-by-ionic-surfactants
#2
Shengnan Zhong, Zhenliang Wen, Jingdi Chen, Qian Li, Xuetao Shi, Shinnjyh Ding, Qiqing Zhang
Hydroxyapatite (HAP) has been widely used for repairing or substituting human hard tissues. In this paper, two typical ionic surfactants, cation hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and anion sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), were used for rapid conversion of HAP from abalone shell. From field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), the prepared HAP is flake-like structure. From X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermal analysis, these samples contain a small amount of calcium carbonate whose content gradually increases by increasing the surfactants...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531948/an-alternative-approach-to-risk-rank-chemicals-on-the-threat-they-pose-to-the-aquatic-environment
#3
Andrew C Johnson, Rachel L Donnachie, John P Sumpter, Monika D Jürgens, Claudia Moeckel, M Gloria Pereira
This work presents a new and unbiased method of risk ranking chemicals based on the threat they pose to the aquatic environment. The study ranked 12 metals, 23 pesticides, 11 other persistent organic pollutants (POPs), 13 pharmaceuticals, 10 surfactants and similar compounds and 2 nanoparticles (total of 71) of concern against one another by comparing their median UK river water and median ecotoxicity effect concentrations. To complement this, by giving an assessment on potential wildlife impacts, risk ranking was also carried out by comparing the lowest 10th percentile of the effects data with the highest 90th percentile of the exposure data...
May 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531833/development-of-an-in-vivo-relevant-drug-product-performance-method-for-an-amorphous-solid-dispersion
#4
Brian W Pack, Yelizaveta Babayan, Mark A Schrad, Paul A Stroud, David C Sperry, Kevin C White, Aktham Aburub
The purpose of this work was to develop a meaningful in vitro dissolution method for evacetrapib spray-dried dispersion (SDD) tablets that is discriminating for crystalline drug substance (DS) content. Justification of the method conditions included evaluation of dissolution media, rotation speed, surfactant selection and level of surfactant to achieve sink conditions. Discrimination was illustrated by testing SDD tablets spiked with 10%, 20%, and 30% crystalline DS. The results demonstrated a 13%, 22% and 32% drop in the dissolution end point, respectively, as compared to unspiked SDD tablets...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531648/cationic-surfactant-blocks-radical-inhibiting-sites-on-silica
#5
Tan Zhang, Frank D Blum
Surfactant-catalyzed room-temperature radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was conducted in the presence of fumed silica nanoparticles and water. Three types of surfactants, cationic (CTAB), nonionic (Triton X-100) or anionic (SDS), were used to catalyze the decomposition of the initiator, 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN). The surfactant-catalyzed decomposition rate constant for AIBN at room temperature was found to be independent of the surfactant type. However, the rates of polymerization of the MMA emulsion gels at room temperature were found to depend on the types of surfactant with: cationic>nonionic>anionic...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531559/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-firefighting-foam-concentrates-and-water-samples-collected-near-sites-impacted-by-the-use-of-these-foams
#6
Xavier Dauchy, Virginie Boiteux, Cristina Bach, Christophe Rosin, Jean-François Munoz
To extinguish large-scale fuel fires, fluorosurfactant based foams (FSBFs) were developed in the 1960s and have been used ever since. In this study, 154 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) including 122 emerging PFASs used as surfactants in FSBFs were sought in nine different foam concentrates. Field investigations were also carried out in the vicinity of four sites where FSBFs are or were intensively used (two airports, a training center for firefighters and an oil storage depot after a large explosion)...
May 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530832/neutron-reflectometry-of-an-anionic-surfactant-at-the-solid-liquid-interface-under-shear
#7
Rebecca J L Welbourn, Felicity Bartholomew, Philipp Gutfreund, Stuart Matthew Clarke
Neutron reflectometry with in-situ rheology is used to measure the shear response of an adsorbed anionic surfactant (sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate - AOT) at the alumina-water interface. A low surfactant concentration is measured where a single bilayer adsorbs at the interface as well as a higher concentration where a multi-lamellar structure forms. The low concentration structure does not change with the imposed shear (oscillatory or steady). However the lamellar phase shows a loss of structure under both steady and oscillatory shear...
May 22, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530788/long-term-cyclability-of-electrochromic-poly-3-hexyl-thiophene-films-modified-by-surfactant-assisted-graphene-oxide-layers
#8
Tae-Ho Kim, Ki-In Choi, Hyeri Kim, Seong Hyeon Oh, Jaseung Koo, Yoon-Chae Nah
Organic electrochromic (EC) materials are generally known to be electrochemically unstable during the ionic exchange process. One effective method to stabilize them is incorporating graphene derivatives in the polymer matrix, thereby creating strong interaction between graphene derivatives and polymer. However, previous studies are limited to specific polymers and bulk-blended systems, such as mixing the polymer with graphene derivatives. In this study, we developed a polymer-graphene derivative complex with the chemical assistance of a surfactant (octadecylamine, ODA)...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530285/one-step-formulation-of-nonionic-surfactant-bicelles-nsbs-by-a-double-tailed-polyglycerol-type-nonionic-surfactant
#9
Kenji Aramaki, Chikahiro Iwata, Jitendra Mata, Tetsuya Maehara, Daisuke Aburano, Yuichi Sakanishi, Kyuhei Kitao
Bicelles are generally formed by phospholipid-based systems and are useful for various applications, such as nanocarriers or membrane protein crystallization. The same disc-like assemblies, nonionic surfactant bicelles (NSBs), can also be formed using nonionic amphiphiles, but this has not been reported extensively. We report a novel NSB system that employs the double-tailed nonionic amphiphile, polyglyceryl dialkyl ether (C12CmGn), which has two alkyl chains and a polyglyceryl group. A symmetric-tail molecule, C12C12G13...
May 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528895/influence-of-perfluorocarbons-on-carbamazepine-and-benzodiazepine-for-a-neuro-lung-protective-strategy
#10
V Natchimuthu, Sabu Thomas, Murugan Ramalingam, S Ravi
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is commonly characterized by a triad of features including multiple seizure types, intellectual disability or regression. LGS type of seizures is epilepsy which is due to abnormal vibrations occurring in seizures. During the time of such abnormal vibrations, both the seizures and the lungs suffer a lack in oxygen content to a considerable extent. This results in prolonged vibrations and loses of nervous control. As a neuro-lung protective strategy, a novel attempt has been made to enrich both seizures and lungs with oxygen content through the support of Perfluorodecalin (an excellent oxygen carrier) C10F18 (PFD) and Perfluorohexane C6F14 (PFH) along with an enhancement in the antiepileptic activity by the two chosen antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) Carbamazepine (CBZ) and Benzodiazepine (BDZ)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528771/comparison-of-residual-napl-source-removal-techniques-in-3d-metric-scale-experiments
#11
O Atteia, F Jousse, G Cohen, P Höhener
This study compared four treatment techniques for the removal of a toluene/n-decane as NAPL (Non Aqueous Phase Liquid) phase mixture in identical 1 cubic meter tanks filled with different kind of sand. These four treatment techniques were: oxidation with persulfate, surfactant washing with Tween80®, sparging with air followed by ozone, and thermal treatment at 80°C. The sources were made with three lenses of 26×26×6.5cm, one having a hydraulic conductivity similar to the whole tank and the two others a value 10 times smaller...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528133/chemical-synthesis-of-flower-like-hybrid-cu-oh-2-cuo-electrode-application-of-polyvinyl-alcohol-and-triton-x-100-to-enhance-supercapacitor-performance
#12
S K Shinde, V J Fulari, D-Y Kim, N C Maile, R R Koli, H D Dhaygude, G S Ghodake
In this research article, we report hybrid nanomaterials of copper hydroxide/copper oxide (Cu(OH)2/CuO). A thin films were prepared by using a facile and cost-effective successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method. As-synthesized and hybrid Cu(OH)2/CuO with two different surfactants polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and triton-X 100 (TRX-100) was prepared having distinct morphological, structural, and supercapacitor properties. The surface of the thin film samples were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
May 9, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527375/surfactant-enhanced-remediation-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Shanti Lamichhane, K C Bal Krishna, Ranjan Sarukkalige
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are toxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic organic compounds that are widely present in the environment. The bioremediation of PAHs is an economical and environmentally friendly remediation technique, but it is limited because PAHs have low water solubility and fewer bioavailable properties. The solubility and bioavailability of PAHs can be increased by using surfactants to reduce surface tension and interfacial tension; this method is called surfactant-enhanced remediation (SER)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527299/role-of-pickering-stabilization-and-bulk-gelation-for-the-preparation-and-properties-of-solid-silica-foams
#14
I Lesov, S Tcholakova, M Kovadjieva, T Saison, M Lamblet, N Denkov
Foaming of particulate suspensions, followed by foam drying, is developed as an efficient method for production of highly porous materials with various applications. A key factor for success is the appropriate choice of surfactants which both modify the particle surface and stabilize the foam. Here we compare the efficiency of this method for silica suspensions containing two surfactants which lead to very different types of foam stabilization. Cationic TTAB leads to particle-stabilized foams (Pickering stabilization) whereas zwitterionic CAPB - to surfactant-stabilized foams...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525273/directional-fluid-gating-by-janus-membranes-with-heterogeneous-wetting-properties-for-selective-oil-water-separation
#15
Prashant Gupta, Balasubramanian Kandasubramanian
The rising oil seepage accidents evolved into a global issue necessitating immediate counter measure to abridge its catastrophic repercussions on sensitive marine ecosystem urging innovative techniques for effective oil/water separation. Here, we report surface tailored wettability modified superhydrophobic/superoleophilic Janus membrane by impregnating non-ionic surfactant stabilized nano-sized polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) dispersion polymerized via non-fluorinated processing aid onto cotton substrate using Meyer rod coating technique, exhibiting excellent separation efficiency up to 98% with various petroleum products and retaining its intrinsic properties for at least 30 recurrences...
May 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524193/high-ph-instability-of-quaternary-ammonium-surfactant-coatings-in-capillary-electrophoresis
#16
Lisa Shulman, Lei Pei, Mahmoud F Bahnasy, Charles A Lucy
The two-tailed cationic surfactant dioctadecyldimethyl ammonium bromide (DODAB) produces semi-permanent coatings that yield strongly reversed electroosmotic flow (EOF), for example -0.31 ± 0.01 cm(2) kV(-1) s(-1) at pH 3.5. Moreover, these coatings are easy to prepare, regenerable, cost effective, and yield high efficiency (520 000-900 000 plates per m) separations of cationic proteins over many runs under acidic (pH 3.5) conditions. Given the quaternary amine functionality of DODAB, we were surprised to observe that DODAB coatings become unstable at pH > 7...
May 19, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522876/comparative-proteomic-analysis-of-the-mitochondria-associated-er-membrane-mam-in-a-long-term-type-2-diabetic-rodent-model
#17
Jacey Hongjie Ma, Shichen Shen, Joshua J Wang, Zhanwen He, Amanda Poon, Jun Li, Jun Qu, Sarah X Zhang
The mitochondria-associated ER membrane (MAM) plays a critical role in cellular energetics and calcium homeostasis; however, how MAM is affected under diabetic condition remains elusive. This study presented a comprehensive proteome profiling of isolated brain MAM from long-term type 2 diabetic mice vs. non-diabetic controls. MAM protein was extracted efficiently by a surfactant-aided precipitation/on-pellet digestion (SOD) method, and MAM proteome was quantified by an ion-current-based MS1 method combined with nanoLC-MS/MS...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522535/atp-as-a-biological-hydrotrope
#18
Avinash Patel, Liliana Malinovska, Shambaditya Saha, Jie Wang, Simon Alberti, Yamuna Krishnan, Anthony A Hyman
Hydrotropes are small molecules that solubilize hydrophobic molecules in aqueous solutions. Typically, hydrotropes are amphiphilic molecules and differ from classical surfactants in that they have low cooperativity of aggregation and work at molar concentrations. Here, we show that adenosine triphosphate (ATP) has properties of a biological hydrotrope. It can both prevent the formation of and dissolve previously formed protein aggregates. This chemical property is manifested at physiological concentrations between 5 and 10 millimolar...
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521984/rheological-properties-of-gels-formed-by-physical-interactions-between-hyaluronan-and-cationic-surfactants
#19
Tereza Venerová, Miloslav Pekař
The aim of this paper is the rheological characterization of the concentrated, gel-like phase, which arises from mixed solutions of sodium hyaluronate and oppositely charged surfactant above its critical micellar concentration. The effects of hyaluronan molecular weight (from 300 to 2kDa) and the concentration of initial solutions (0.5 and 2% for hyaluronan, 50 or 200mM for surfactant) were investigated. All systems demonstrated viscoelastic properties which can be modified over a broad range of several decades of both storage and loss moduli by the hyaluronan molecular weight and initial concentrations...
August 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521674/sorbitane-monostearate-and-cholesterol-based-niosomes-for-oral-delivery-of-telmisartan-from-bench-to-preclinical-implementation-in-wistar-albino-rats
#20
Abdul Ahad, Mohammad Raish, Fahad I Al-Jenoobi, Abdullah M Al-Mohizea
BACKGROUND: Niosomes are non-ionic surfactant vesicles used as drug carriers for encapsulating both hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs. The aim of the present study was to prepare and characterize niosomes formulations for oral delivery of telmisartan and evaluated for its antihypertensive activity. METHOD: Telmisartan loaded niosomes were prepared using thin film hydration method by varying the Span 60 and cholesterol at several molar ratios and characterized for vesicles size, polydispersity index, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency...
May 18, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
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