keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SURFACTANT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732228/a-facile-method-for-preparation-of-emulsion-using-the-high-gravity-technique
#1
Yan Li, Ran Andy Mei, Zhongqiang Yang
This study demonstrates a new process for preparation of oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion using the high gravity technique. This involves a mixture of oil and water that are passed through a rotating packed bed, under a high shear force, from which oil is emulsified into tiny droplets and subsequently dispersed in water. The process is cycled in order to break the droplets repeatedly and achieve an emulsion with small size and low polydispersity index (PDI). The advantage of the high gravity technique is that the emulsions with a desired size and polydispersity can be rapidly obtained by tuning experimental parameters, such as relative centrifugal force (RCF), cycle times (CT), liquid flow rate (VL) and surfactant concentration (Csurfactant)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732169/design-of-modular-peptide-surfactants-and-their-surface-activity
#2
Hao-Fei Wang, David Wibowo, Zhengzhong Shao, Anton Peter J Middelberg, Chun-Xia Zhao
Designed peptide surfactants offer a number of advanced properties over conventional petrochemical surfactants, including biocompatibility, sustainability, and tailorability of the chemical and physical properties through peptide design. Their biocompatibility and degradability make them attractive for various applications, particularly for food and pharmaceutical applications. In this work, two new peptide surfactants derived from an amphiphilic peptide surfactant (AM1) were designed (AM-S and C8-AM) to better understand links between structure, interfacial activity and emulsification...
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732132/entrapment-of-amino-acids-in-gas-phase-surfactant-assemblies-the-case-of-tryptophan-confined-in-positively-charged-1r-2s-dodecyl-2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-phenylethyl-dimethylammonium-bromide-aggregates
#3
David Bongiorno, Valentina Calabrese, Leopoldo Ceraulo, Serena Indelicato, Vincenzo Turco Liveri
The ability of positively charged aggregates of the surfactant (1R,2S)-Dodecyl(2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-phenylethyl)dimethylammonium bromide (DMEB) to incorporate D- or L-tryptophan in the gas-phase has been investigated by electrospray ion mobility mass spectrometry (ESI-IM-MS). Strongly impacted by the pH of the electrosprayed solutions, both protonated (T(+) ) and deprotonated (T(-) ) tryptophan are effectively included into the aggregates whereas, tryptophan in zwitterionic (T(0) ) form is practically absent in singly charged DMEB aggregates but can be found in multiply charged ones...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731666/pulmonary-complications-of-chemical-pneumonia-a-case-report
#4
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Rana Isgüder, Canan S Unsal Karkiner, Hüdaver Alper, Demet Can
Hydrocarbon aspiration (HA) can cause significant lung disease by inducing an inflammatory response, hemorrhagic exudative alveolitis, and loss of surfactant function. The most serious side effect of HA is aspiration pneumonia. Pneumothorax, pneumatocele, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary abscess, bronchopleural fistula, bilateral hemorrhagic pleural effusion and pyopneumothorax were previously reported. Hereby we report a patient hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia who developed pleurisy and pneumothorax after drinking paint thinner...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731354/anionic-surfactants-on-anionic-substrate-monovalent-cation-binding
#5
Finian J Allen, Lucy Griffin, Richard M Alloway, Philipp Gutfreund, Seung Yeon Lee, Chris Leslie Truscott, Rebecca J L Welbourn, Mary H Wood, Stuart Matthew Clarke
Neutron reflectometry has been used to study the adsorption of the anionic surfactant bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate cesium salt (CsAOT) on the anionic surface of mica. Evidence of significant adsorption is reported. The adsorption is reversible and changes little with pH. This somewhat unexpected adsorption behaviour of an anionic molecule on an anionic surface is discussed in terms of recent models for surfactant adsorption such as cation bridging, where adsorption has been reported with the divalent ion calcium but not previously observed with monovalent ions...
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731344/correction-to-rational-design-and-synthesis-of-carboxylate-gemini-surfactants-with-an-excellent-aggregate-behavior-for-nano-la2o3-morphology-controllable-preparation
#6
Xueming Liao, Zhinong Gao, Yan Xia, Fei Niu, Wenzhong Zhai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729653/microstructure-refinement-in-w-y2o3-alloy-fabricated-by-wet-chemical-method-with-surfactant-addition-and-subsequent-spark-plasma-sintering
#7
Zhi Dong, Nan Liu, Zongqing Ma, Chenxi Liu, Qianying Guo, Zeid Abdullah Alothman, Yusuke Yamauchi, Md Shahriar A Hossain, Yongchang Liu
With the aim of preparing high performance oxide-dispersion-strengthened tungsten based alloys by powder metallurgy, the W-Y2O3 composite nanopowder precursor was fabricated by an improved wet chemical method with anion surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) addition. It is found that the employment of SDS can dramatically decrease W grain size (about 40 nm) and improve the size uniformity. What's more, SDS addition can also remarkably improve the uniform dispersion of Y2O3 particles during the synthesis process...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728029/peroxidase-mimetic-activity-of-fe3o4-nanoparticle-prepared-based-on-magnetic-hydrogels-for-hydrogen-peroxide-and-glucose-detection
#8
Shasha Song, Yang Liu, Aixin Song, Zengdian Zhao, Hongsheng Lu, Jingcheng Hao
Stimuli-response magnetic hydrogels were prepared in the mixtures of magnetic surfactants, (CnTAFB(C), n=12, 14, 16), and chiral amphiphiles, sodium cholate (SC). The gelation behavior of CnTAFB(C)/SC were studied in detail. The results proved that the hydrophobicity of surfactants and the hydration radius (Rh) of anions played a vital role in the gelation process. The microstructure of the hydrogels were determined to be three-dimensional network of fibrous aggregates. The formation of the hydrogel fibrils was considered to be mainly driven by a delicate balance of multiple non-covalent interactions including hydrophobic interaction, electrostatic interaction, hydrogen bonding, van der Waals force, and the steric effect of SC molecule...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727907/novel-role-of-surfactant-protein-a-in-bacterial-sinusitis
#9
George T Noutsios, Amanda L Willis, Julie G Ledford, Eugene H Chang
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammatory disorder of the upper airway characterized by chronic inflammation and significant sinonasal remodeling. CRS is comprised of 2 major subgroups, based on whether polyps are present or absent. In some cases, it is characterized by colonization with opportunistic pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), Staphylococcus aureus, and other bacteria. The innate immune system of the sinonasal epithelium is the first line of defense against inhaled pathogens...
July 20, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727890/surfactant-concentration-and-type-affects-the-removal-of-escherichia-coli-from-pig-skin-during-a-simulated-handwash
#10
Dane A Jensen, Michael A Rogers, Donald W Schaffner
The effect of surfactant type and concentration on a bland soap formulations ability to remove bacteria from hands remains largely unstudied. Several combinations of surfactants and water were combined to test bacterial removal efficacy using a handwashing device (two pieces of pig skin and a mechanical motor) to simulate a handwash. A nalidixic acid resistant, non-pathogenic strain of Escherichia coli (ATCC 11229) was used. Two anionic surfactants, sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium stearoyl lactylate, and two nonionic surfactants, poloxamer 407 and sorbitan monostearate, each in concentrations of 2%, 5%, and 10% were studied...
July 20, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726904/vesicle-aggregates-as-a-model-for-primitive-cellular-assemblies
#11
Tereza Pereira de Souza, Guilherme Volpe Bossa, Pasquale Stano, Frank Steiniger, Sylvio May, Pier Luigi Luisi, Alfred Fahr
Primitive cell models help to understand the role that compartmentalization plays in origin of life scenarios. Here we present a combined experimental and modeling approach towards the construction of simple model systems for primitive cellular assemblies. Charged lipid vesicles aggregate in the presence of oppositely charged biopolymers, such as nucleic acids or polypeptides. Based on zeta potential measurements, dynamic light scattering and cryo-transmission electron-microscopy, we have characterized the behavior of empty and ferritin-filled large unilamellar POPC vesicles, doped with different amounts of cationic (DDAB, CTAB) and anionic (sodium oleate) surfactants, and their aggregation upon the addition of anionic (tRNA, poly-l-glutamic acid) and cationic (poly-l-arginine) biopolymers, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726882/trimethylsilyl-hedgehogs-a-novel-class-of-super-efficient-hydrocarbon-surfactants
#12
Adam Czajka, Christopher Hill, Jocelyn Peach, Jonathan C Pegg, Isabelle Grillo, Frédéric Guittard, Sarah E Rogers, Masanobu Sagisaka, Julian Eastoe
Presented here are the results for a novel class of hydrocarbon surfactants, termed trimethylsilyl hedgehogs (TMS-hedgehogs), due to the presence of silicon in the tails. By comparing the surface properties of these hybrid hedgehogs to purely hydrocarbon equivalents, links between performance and the structure are made. Namely, by controlling the molecular volume of the surfactant fragments, improvements can be made in surface coverage, generating lower surface energy monolayers. Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) data have been collected showing that these novel surfactants aggregate to form ellipsoidal micelles which grow with increasing concentration...
July 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726700/adsorption-studies-of-orange-ii-onto-polyaniline-bentonite-nanocomposite
#13
Wenyun Li, Qingwen Lin, Mengfan Gao, Hongzhu Ma
Modification of bentonite is essential for the adsorption of anionic dyes, as its negative surface charge. In this study, polyaniline/bentonite (PAni-Bent) nanocomposite was synthesized by in-situ intercalative polymerization technique and used to remove anionic dye Orange II (ORII) from synthetic wastewater. Its structure was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectra and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller specific surface area measurements. The adsorption behaviours of PAni-Bent towards ORII in the single anionic dye wastewater, the cationic/anionic mixture dye wastewater, with or without salt or surfactant, were investigated principally...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726581/phenomenological-modeling-of-reactive-dye-adsorption-onto-fish-scales-surface-in-the-presence-of-electrolyte-and-surfactant-mixtures
#14
C V Neves, F B Scheufele, A P Nardino, M G A Vieira, M G C da Silva, A N Módenes, C E Borba
The aim of this work was an experimental and theoretical investigation of the influence of electrolyte (NaCl) and surfactant (SP), as textile auxiliary agents (TAAs), on the removal of reactive blue 5G dye (RB5G) by applying untreated fish scales (FS) in batch system. For this, kinetic and equilibrium studies were performed aiming the comprehension of the mass transfer mechanisms through a phenomenological modeling. The biosorbent was texturally characterized, not only to investigate the adsorbent's characteristics but especially to support the definition of the assumptions of the models...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726390/glycolipid-biosurfactants-activate-dimerize-and-stabilize-t-lanuginosus-lipase-in-a-ph-dependent-fashion
#15
Jens Kvist Madsen, Jorn Dovling Kaspersen, Camilla Bertel Andersen, Jannik Nedergaard Pedersen, Kell Kleiner Andersen, Jan Skov Pedersen, Daniel Erik Otzen
We present a study of the interactions between the lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus (TlL) and the two microbially produced biosurfactants (BS), rhamnolipid (RL) and sophorolipid (SL). Both RL and SL are glycolipids, but RL is anionic while SL is a mixture of anionic and non-ionic species. We investigate the interactions of RL and SL with TlL at pH 6 and 8 and observe different effects at the two pH values. At pH 8, neither RL nor SL had any major effect on TlL stability and activity. At pH 6, in contrast, both surfactants increase TlL's thermal stability and fluorescence and activity measurements indicate interfacial activation of TlL, resulting in 3- and 6-fold improved activity in SL and RL, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725012/phycocyanin-attenuates-pulmonary-fibrosis-via-the-tlr2-myd88-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#16
Chengcheng Li, Yan Yu, Wenjun Li, Bo Liu, Xudong Jiao, Xinyu Song, Changjun Lv, Song Qin
Our aim was to investigate the effects of phycocyanin (PC) on bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis (PF). In this study, C57 BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice and toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 deficient mice were treated with PC for 28 days following BLM exposure. Serum and lung tissues were collected on days 3, 7 and 28. Data shows PC significantly decreased the levels of hydroxyproline (HYP), vimentin, surfactant-associated protein C (SP-C), fibroblast specific protein-1 (S100A4) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) but dramatically increased E-cadherin and podoplanin (PDPN) expression on day 28...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724325/use-and-timing-of-surfactant-administration-impact-on-neonatal-outcomes-in-extremely-low-gestational-age-infants-born-in-canadian-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#17
Amelie Stritzke, Khorshid Mohammad, Prakesh S Shah, Xiang Y Ye, Vineet Bhandari, Albert Akierman, Adele Harrison, Valerie Bertelle, Abhay Lodha
BACKGROUND: Use, timing and doses of surfactant in preterm infants are variable in practice in modern NICUs. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between use and timing of surfactant administration and common neonatal adverse outcomes in preterm infants with gestational age (GA) < 28 weeks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Neonates admitted to a participating Canadian Neonatal Network NICU between 2013 and 2015 were studied. Infants were divided into three groups based on surfactant administration: None, early (within 30 minutes of life), and late surfactant (> 30 minutes)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724312/in-vitro-skin-decontamination-of-paraoxon-wet-type-cleansing-effect-of-selected-detergents
#18
Ruzena Pavlikova, Jan Misik, Jiri Cabal, Jan Marek, Kamil Kuca
The aim of this study was to determine optimal conditions for in vitro skin decontamination using water and detergents as decontamination agents and to test the cleansing efficiency of selected detergents. Experiments were performed using a peristaltic pump for showering of pig skin in modified static diffision cells. Several conditions were tested including different flow rates (from 5 to 33 ml.s(-1)), quantity of rinsing fluid (from 40 to 400 ml), and concentration of detergents (2; 5; 10%). Further, several types of detergents/commercial decontamination agents were evaluated under the selected conditions to find the most effective means of decontamination...
July 20, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723887/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-characterization-of-poractant-alfa-supplemented-with-budesonide-for-safe-and-effective-intratracheal-administration
#19
Francesca Ricci, Chiara Catozzi, Francesca Ravanetti, Xabier Murgia, Francesco D'Aló, Natalia Macchidani, Elisa Sgarbi, Valentina Di Lallo, Federica Saccani, Marisa Pertile, Antonio Cacchioli, Silvia Catinella, Gino Villetti, Maurizio Civelli, Francesco Amadei, Franco Stellari Fabio, Barbara Pioselli, Fabrizio Salomone
BACKGROUND: The intratracheal (IT) administration of budesonide using surfactant as a vehicle has been shown to reduce the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the in vitro characteristics and in vivo safety and efficacy of the extemporaneous combination of budesonide and poractant alfa. METHODS: The stability, minimum surface tension, and viscosity of the preparation were evaluated by means of HPLC, Wilhelmy balance, and Rheometer, respectively...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723386/foam-adsorption-as-an-ex-situ-capture-step-for-surfactants-produced-by-fermentation
#20
Iva Anic, Arijit Nath, Pedro Franco, Rolf Wichmann
In this report, a method for a simultaneous production and separation of a microbially synthesized rhamnolipid biosurfactant is presented. During the aerobic cultivation of flagella-free Pseudomonas putida EM383 in a 3.1L stirred tank reactor on glucose as a sole carbon source, rhamnolipids are produced and excreted into the fermentation liquid. Here, a strategy for biosurfactant capture from rhamnolipid enriched fermentation foam using hydrophobic-hydrophobic interaction was investigated. Five adsorbents were tested independently for the application of this capture technique and the best performing adsorbent was tested in a fermentation process...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
21397
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"