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Yangbo Wang, Bingxiao Yang, Kun Chen, Enlong Zhou, Qinghua Zhang, Lisha Yin, Xiaoji Xie, Lin Gu, Ling Huang
Scandium (Sc) sits at a unique position in the periodic table, i.e., the junction of the top of the rare earth column and the beginning of the transition metal row. Studies have shown that Sc-based nanomaterials are very sensitive to the surrounding chemical environment. A simple adjustment of the chemical reaction conditions such as temperature, surfactant molecules, and solvents (e.g., oleic acid (OA) or 1-octadecene (OD)) can easily lead to different products in terms of chemical composition and phase structure...
March 19, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Sunil Ghatge, Youri Yang, Woo-Young Song, Tae-Young Kim, Hor-Gil Hur
In the present study, the gene encoding a multicopper oxidase, more precisely a laccase from the thermoalkaliphilic aerobic bacterium Caldalkalibacillus thermarum strain TA2.A1 (CtLac), was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. CtLac is a monomeric protein with a molecular weight of 57 kDa as determined by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The optimum pH and temperature for 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (2,6-DMP) oxidation were 8.0 and 70 °C, respectively. The kinetic constants Km and kcat for 2,6-DMP were of 200 μM and 23 s-1 , respectively...
March 19, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Silan Bai, Qiong Hu, Qiang Zeng, Min Wang, Lishi Wang
Herein, we reported the fabrication of conjugated microporous polymer (CMP) films based on three thiophene derivatives using a one-step templateless electropolymerization in dichloromethane without any surfactants. The formation of hydrophilic or hydrophobic films with specific morphology is a comprehensive result of the polymerization sites in each monomer, the polymerization rate and the gas bubble produced in situ during the polymerization process, which can be easily controlled by the experimental conditions, such as electropolymerization method, electrolyte and "trace water" existed in the organic solvent...
March 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lihua Jiang, Qingsong Wang, Jinhua Sun
LiNix Coy Mnz O2 (NCM) cathode material with high energy density is one of the best choices for power batteries. But the safety issue also becomes more prominent with higher nickel content. The improvement of thermal stability by material modification is often complex and limited. In this study, a composite safety electrolyte additive consisting of perfluoro-2-methyl-3-pentanone, N, N-Dimethylacetamide (and fluorocarbon surfactant is proved to be effective and simple in improving the thermal stability of NCM materials...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Li Huang, Calum T Roberts, Brett J Manley, Louise S Owen, Peter G Davis, Kim M Dalziel
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of 2 common "noninvasive" modes of respiratory support for infants born preterm. STUDY DESIGN: An economic evaluation was conducted as a component of a multicenter, randomized control trial from 2013 to 2015 enrolling infants born preterm at ≥28 weeks of gestation with respiratory distress, <24 hours old, who had not previously received endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation or surfactant. The economic evaluation was conducted from a healthcare sector perspective and the time horizon was from birth until death or first discharge...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
P Bouschon, A-C Bursztejn, J Waton, F Brault, J-L Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Hair bleaching is increasingly being carried out in hairdressing salons. The products used are a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and persulfates, both active chemical agents. Scalp burns secondary to hair bleaching are a traumatic adverse effect rarely discussed in publications that continue to be little known among healthcare professionals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with a plaque of scarring alopecia on the vertex. This lesion resulted from a deep burn following a hair-bleaching procedure...
March 14, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Alejandro Peña López, Antonio J Conde, Roberto Estevez, Oliver Valencia de Pablo, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Rafael Cisneros
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate porcine palatal mucosa dissolution by sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) with or without an auxiliary dissolving agent containing glycocholic acid and a mixture of surfactants (Keratobacter [KB]; Saint Joseph DID, Valencia, Spain). METHODS: One hundred forty samples were obtained from porcine palatal mucosa and weighed using a high-precision balance. The samples were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups (n = 35) based on the test solution used: distilled water (the negative control), CanalPro NaOCl 6% (Coltene Whaledent, Altstätten, Switzerland), KB, and a 9:1 vol/vol mixture of NaOCl with KB (NaOCl + KB)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Amir Koolivand, Stephan Clayton, Halie Rion, Armin Oloumi, Ariel O'Brien, Morteza G Khaledi
As previously reported, fluoroalcohols can induce coacervation in aqueous solutions of amphiphilic compounds with subsequent formation of two-phase systems, where one phase is enriched in amphiphile and fluoroalcohol and the other is primarily an aqueous - rich phase. This study focuses on the use of simple coacervates made of a single component amphiphile induced by a fluoroalcohol for extraction and enrichment of proteins. 1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) and 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) were used to induce coacervation in the aqueous solutions of a cationic amphiphile, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) or tetra-n-butylammonium bromide (TBAB)...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Rong Fu, Yuying Yan, Clive Roberts, Zeyu Liu, Yiyi Chen
This work aims to investigate the influence of inter-particle dipole interactions on hyperthermia heating colloidal clusters of densely-packed Fe3 O4 nanoparticles at low field intensity. Emulsion droplet solvent evaporation method was used to assemble oleic acid modified Fe3 O4 particles into compact clusters which were stabilized by surfactant in water. Both experimental and simulation works were conducted to study their heating performance at different cluster's sizes. The dipole interactions improve the heating only when the clusters are small enough to bring an enhancement in clusters' shape anisotropy...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mateus Tonelli, Guilherme Gomes, Weliton D Silva, Nathália T C Magri, Durval M Vieira, Claudio L Aguiar, José Maurício S Bento
Insects have evolved multiple mechanisms to adapt to variations in environmental temperatures, including postural control of solar input, variations in diurnal activity, external morphological structures and selecting/generating microhabitats. Foam produced by Mahanarva fimbriolata nymphs (also known as root spittlebugs) was found to aid in creating a constant thermal microhabitat despite environmental temperature fluctuations. The temperature within the foam was found to be similar to that of soil during the day and remained constant despite fluctuating external temperatures...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Patrick J Kennedy, Ines Perreira, Daniel Ferreira, Marika Nestor, Carla Oliveira, Pedro L Granja, Bruno Sarmento
Targeted drug delivery with nanoparticles (NPs) requires proper surface ligand presentation and availability. Surfactants are often used as stabilizers in the production of targeted NPs. Here, we evaluated the impact of surfactants on ligand functionalization and downstream molecular recognition. Our model system consisted of fluorescent poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) NPs that were nanoprecipitated in one of a small panel of commonly-used surfactants followed by equivalent washes and conjugation of an engineered Fab antibody fragment...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Shaoxin Feng, Nathaniel D Catron, Alan Donghua Zhu, John M Lipari, Jianwei Wu, Yi Gao, Geoff G Z Zhang
Micellar solubilization is an important concept in the delivery of poorly water-soluble drugs. The rational selection of the type and the amount of surfactant to be incorporated in a formulation require comprehensive solubility studies. These studies are time and material demanding, both of which are scarce, especially during late discovery and early development stages. We hypothesized that, if the solubilization mechanism or molecular interaction is similar, the solubilization capacity ratio (SCR, a newly defined parameter) is dictated by micellar structures, independent of drugs...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jeness Campodonico, Massimo Mapelli, Emanuele Spadafora, Stefania Ghilardi, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Cristina Banfi, Susanna Sciomer
Alveolar-capillary membrane evaluated by carbon monoxide diffusion (DLCO) plays an important role in heart failure (HF). Surfactant Proteins (SPs) have also been suggested as a worthwhile marker. In HF, Levosimendan improves pulmonary hemodynamics and reduces lung fluids but associated SPs and DLCO changes are unknown. Sixty-five advanced HF patients underwent spirometry, cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and SPs determination before and after Levosimendan. Levosimendan caused natriuretic peptide-B (BNP) reduction, peakVO2 increase and VE/VCO2 slope reduction...
March 13, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Nilesh Prakash Nirmal, Ram Mereddy, Li Li, Yasmina Sultanbawa
This study focussed on the formulation, characterisation of lemon myrtle (LM) and anise myrtle (AM) essential oil (EO) in water nanoemulsion and their antibacterial activity. The required hydrophilic lipophilic balance (rHLB) value of LM EO and AM EO was 14 and 12, respectively. The Central Composite Rotatable Design (CCRD) model produces the smallest droplet size and polydispersity index (PDI) for LMEO (d ≈ 16.07 nm; PDI ≈ 0.209) and AMEO (d ≈ 30.23 nm; PDI ≈ 0.216) at 1% EO and 10% surfactant mixture (Smix) ratio using ultrasonication for 5 min...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Andleeb Z Naqvi, Kabir-Ud-Din
Phase separation in amphiphilic systems is an important phenomenon. The temperature at which an amphiphilic solution phase separates is known as Cloud Point (CP). This article reviews in detail the process of phase separation in various amphiphiles (surfactants, polymers and drugs) and effect of different classes of additives on the CP of these amphiphilic systems. Ions affect the CP of drugs in a different way: kosmotropes and hard bases decrease while chaotropes and soft bases increase the CP of nonionic and cationic surfactants...
February 3, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
A Ponce-Torres, J M Montanero, M A Herrada, E J Vega, J M Vega
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.024501.
March 2, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Charles M Luft, Elango Munusamy, Jeanne E Pemberton, Steven D Schwartz
A detailed molecular dynamics simulation study is presented on the behavior of aggre- gates composed of the nonionic monorhamnolipid α-rhamnopyranosyl-β-hydroxydecanoyl- β -hydroxydecanoate (Rha-C10-C10) and decane in bulk water. A graph theoretical approach was utilized to characterize the size and composition of the many aggregates generated in our simulations. Overall we observe that the formation of oil in Rha-C10-C10 aggregates is a fa- vorable process. Detailed analysis on the surfactant/oil aggregate shows that larger aggregates are stable...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Srabanti Ghosh, Laurence Ramos, Hynd Remita
Materials are the key roadblocks for the commercialization of energy conversion devices in fuel cells and solar cells. Significant research has focused on tuning the intrinsic properties of materials at the nanometer scale. The soft template mediated controlled fabrication of advanced nanostructured materials is attracting considerable interest due to the promising applications of these materials in catalysis and electrocatalysis. Swollen hexagonal lyotropic liquid crystals (SLCs) consist of oil-swollen surfactant-stabilized 1D, 2D or 3D nanometric assemblies regularly arranged in an aqueous solvent...
March 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Marlena Whinton, Timothy C Hughes, Shuhua Peng, Michael A Brook
Bicontinuous microemulsions exhibit domain structures on the nanoscale (<20 nm). Normally, such fine details are lost during the conversion from a fluid microemulsion to solid elastomeric materials, as a consequence of interfacial destabilization via polymerization of either the oil phase, or of monomers in the aqueous phase. Very little is known about the polymerization of silicone microemulsions and the morphological changes that occur upon transition from a nanostructured liquid to a solid ma-trix. Silicone microemulsions polymerized by free radical (aqueous phase) and condensation (silicone phase) processes, respective-ly, were characterized by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
March 16, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Tadashi Sugahara, Yuichiro Takamatsu, Avinash Bhadani, Masaaki Akamatsu, Kenichi Sakai, Masahiko Abe, Hideki Sakai
In this study, we synthesize a novel oleic acid-based gemini surfactant with carboxylate headgroups, and study the effect of stereochemistry (anti- vs. syn-) on self-aggregation properties in water. We investigate these properties using phase diagrams, static surface tension, and one-dimensional and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. We find that a phase transition from a hexagonal liquid crystal (H1) phase to a lamellar liquid crystal (Lα) phase occurs at a lower surfactant concentration in the syn form, when compared with the anti form...
March 16, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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