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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166030/dissolution-and-characterization-of-boron-nitride-nanotubes-in-superacid
#1
Olga Kleinerman, Mohammed Adnan, Daniel M Marincel, Anson Wk Ma, E Amram Bengio, Cheol Park, Sang-Hyon Chu, Matteo Pasquali, Yeshayahu Talmon
Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) are of interest for their unique combination of high tensile strength, high electrical resistivity, high neutron cross-section, and low reactivity. The fastest route to employing these properties in composites and macroscopic articles is through solution processing. However, dispersing BNNTs without functionalization or use of a surfactant is challenging. We show here by cryogenic transmission electron microscopy that BNNTs spontaneously dissolve in chlorosulfonic acid as disentangled individual molecules...
November 22, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165448/shedding-light-on-the-different-behavior-of-ionic-and-nonionic-surfactants-in-emulsion-polymerization-from-atomistic-simulations-to-experimental-observations
#2
Giulia Magi Meconi, Nicholas Ballard, José M Asua, Ronen Zangi
Although surfactants are known to play a vital role in polymerization reactions carried out in dispersed media, many aspects of their use are poorly understood, perhaps none more so than the vastly different action of ionic and nonionic surfactants in emulsion polymerization. In this work, we combine experimental measurements of emulsion polymerization of styrene with atomistic molecular dynamics simulations to better understand the behavior of surfactants at monomer/polymer-water interfaces. In a batch emulsion polymerization of styrene, the nonionic surfactant Disponil AFX 1080 leads to two nucleation periods, in contrast to the behavior observed for the ionic surfactant SDS...
November 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165390/comparison-of-anionic-cationic-and-nonionic-surfactants-as-dispersing-agents-for-graphene-based-on-the-fluorescence-of-riboflavin
#3
Rocío Mateos, Soledad Vera, Mercedes Valiente, Ana María Díez-Pascual, María Paz San Andrés
Fluorescence quenching is a valuable tool to gain insight about dynamic changes of fluorophores in complex systems. Graphene (G), a single-layered 2D nanomaterial with unique properties, was dispersed in surfactant aqueous solutions of different nature: non-ionic polyoxyethylene-23-lauryl ether (Brij L23), anionic sodium dodecylsulphate (SDS), and cationic hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB). The influence of the surfactant type, chain length and concentration, G total concentration and G/surfactant weight ratio on the fluorescence intensity of vitamin B₂ (riboflavin) was investigated...
November 22, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165384/solid-lipid-nanoparticles-of-albendazole-for-enhancing-cellular-uptake-and-cytotoxicity-against-u-87-mg-glioma-cell-lines
#4
Gregory Marslin, Karthik Siram, Xiang Liu, Vinoth Kumar Megraj Khandelwal, Shen Xiaolei, Wang Xiang, Gregory Franklin
Albendazole (ABZ) is an antihelminthic drug used for the treatment of several parasitic infestations. In addition to this, there are reports on the anticancer activity of ABZ against a wide range of cancer types. However, its effect on glioma has not yet been reported. In the present study, cytotoxicity of ABZ and ABZ loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (ASLNs) was tested in human glioma/astrocytoma cell line (U-87 MG). Using glyceryl trimyristate as lipid carrier and tween 80 as surfactant spherical ASLNs with an average size of 218...
November 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165338/action-of-monomeric-gemini-surfactants-on-free-cells-and-biofilm-of-asaia-lannensis
#5
Anna Koziróg, Dorota Kręgiel, Bogumił Brycki
We investigated the biological activity of surfactants based on quaternary ammonium compounds: gemini surfactant hexamethylene-1,6-bis-(N,N-dimethyl-N-dodecylammonium bromide) (C6), synthesized by the reaction of N,N-dimethyl-N-dodecylamine with 1,6-dibromohexane, and its monomeric analogue dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB). The experiments were performed with bacteria Asaia lannensis, a common spoilage in the beverage industry. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were determined using the tube standard two-fold dilution method...
November 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165321/interfacial-rheology-of-model-particles-at-liquid-interfaces-and-its-relation-to-bicontinuous-pickering-emulsions
#6
Job H J Thijssen, Jan Vermant
Interface-dominated materials are commonly encountered in both science and technology, and typical examples include foams and emulsions. Conventionally stabilised by surfactants, emulsions can also be stabilised by micron-sized particles. These so-called Pickering-Ramsden (PR) emulsions have received substantial interest, as they are model arrested systems, rather ubiquitous in industry and promising templates for advanced materials. The mechanical properties of the particle-laden liquid-liquid interface, probed via interfacial rheology, have been shown to play an important role in the formation and stability of PR emulsions...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164955/micellar-solubilization-of-poorly-water-soluble-drugs-effect-of-surfactant-and-solubilizate-molecular-structure
#7
Zahari Vinarov, V Katev, D Radeva, S Tcholakova, N D Denkov
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to clarify the role of surfactant and drug molecular structures on drug solubility in micellar surfactant solutions. SIGNIFICANCE: (1) Rationale for surfactant selection is provided; (2) The large data set can be used for validation of the drug solubility parameters used in oral absorption models. METHODS: Equilibrium solubility of 2 hydrophobic drugs and one model hydrophobic steroid in micellar solutions of 19 surfactants was measured by HPLC...
November 22, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164837/serum-surfactant-protein-d-and-exhaled-nitric-oxide-as-biomarkers-of-early-lung-damage-in-systemic-sclerosis
#8
Alida Benfante, Riccardo Messina, Alessandra Paternò, Nicola Scichilone
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) complicates the course of systemic sclerosis (SSc), representing the main cause of death in these patients. The identification of parameters that can predict the early onset and progression of ILD in SSc represents an unmet need in clinical practice. The study was designed to explore whether the surfactant proteins (SP) A and D may be used as noninvasive tools for the early identification of ILD in SSc. Alveolar exhaled nitric oxide (NO) was investigated as a surrogate marker of distal inflammation...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163660/testing-a-new-surfactant-in-a-widely-used-blood-mimic-for-ultrasound-flow-imaging
#9
Xiaowei Zhou, Peter R Hoskins
Background: A blood-mimicking fluid developed by Ramnarine et al. has been widely used in flow phantoms for ultrasound flow imaging research, and it has also been cited by IEC 61685 as a reference for making blood-mimicking fluid.However, the surfactant material Synperonic N in this blood-mimicking fluid recipe is phased out from the European market due to environmental issues. The aim of this study is to test whether Synperonic N can be substituted by biodegradable Synperonic A7 in making blood-mimicking fluid for ultrasound flow imaging research...
November 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163395/role-of-soluble-innate-effector-molecules-in-pulmonary-defense-against-fungal-pathogens
#10
REVIEW
Soledad R Ordonez, Edwin J A Veldhuizen, Martin van Eijk, Henk P Haagsman
Fungal infections of the lung are life-threatening but rarely occur in healthy, immunocompetent individuals, indicating efficient clearance by pulmonary defense mechanisms. Upon inhalation, fungi will first encounter the airway surface liquid which contains several soluble effector molecules that form the first barrier of defense against fungal infections. These include host defense peptides, like LL-37 and defensins that can neutralize fungi by direct killing of the pathogen, and collectins, such as surfactant protein A and D, that can aggregate fungi and stimulate phagocytosis...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161505/characterization-of-the-distribution-of-pyrene-molecules-in-confined-geometries-with-the-model-free-analysis
#11
Xinzhi Cao, Remi Casier, Hunter Little, Jean Duhamel
Evidence is provided showing that global Model Free Analysis (MFA) of monomer and excimer fluorescence decays of pyrene dissolved in aqueous solutions of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) provides the same structural and dynamic information on SDS micelles as the well-established Micelle Model (MM) does. Both MFA and MM were employed to characterize the quenching kinetics between dyes and quenchers located in surfactant micelles and the aggregation number of surfactant micelles. However, contrary to the MM which assumes that dyes and quenchers distribute themselves among SDS micelles according to a Poisson distribution and react with a rate constant that is proportional to the number of reactants in a micelle, the MFA accomplishes this task without making any assumption about the process of pyrene excimer formation in SDS micelles...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161089/protein-folding-and-the-challenges-of-maintaining-endoplasmic-reticulum-proteostasis-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#12
Freddy Romero, Ross Summer
Alveolar epithelial type II (AEII) cells are "professional" secretory cells that synthesize and secrete massive quantities of proteins to produce pulmonary surfactant and maintain airway immune defenses. To facilitate this high level of protein synthesis, AEII cells are equipped with an elaborate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) structure and possess an abundance of the machinery needed to fold, assemble, and secrete proteins. However, conditions that suddenly increase the quantity of new proteins entering the ER or that impede the capacity of the ER to fold proteins can cause misfolded or unfolded proteins to accumulate in the ER lumen, also called ER stress...
November 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161079/a-new-frontier-in-immunometabolism-cholesterol-in-lung-health-and-disease
#13
Michael B Fessler
The lung has a unique relationship to cholesterol that is shaped by its singular physiology. On the one hand, the lungs receive the full cardiac output and have a predominant dependence on plasma lipoprotein uptake for their cholesterol supply. On the other hand, surfactant lipids, including cholesterol, are continually susceptible to oxidation owing to direct environmental exposure and must be cleared or recycled because of the very narrow biophysical mandates placed upon surfactant lipid composition. Interestingly, increased lipid-laden macrophage "foam cells" have been noted in a wide range of human lung pathologies...
November 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160885/drying-kinetics-of-water-droplets-stabilized-by-surfactant-molecules-or-solid-particles-in-a-thin-non-volatile-oil-layer
#14
Hayato Miyazaki, Susumu Inasawa
We have investigated drying of water droplets stabilized by solid particles or surfactant molecules in a thin oil layer. The surfactant-stabilized droplets isotropically shrink, whereas the droplets stabilized by spherical particles severely deform during drying because of buckling of the particulate shells. However, buckling of the shells hardly affects droplet drying. The drying times for complete evaporation are almost the same for water droplets with the same initial diameter and the drying time is independent of the type of surface stabilizer (particles or surfactant)...
November 21, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160824/microneedle-assisted-percutaneous-delivery-of-a-tetramethylpyrazine-loaded-microemulsion
#15
Qiang Zu, Yanyan Yu, Xiaolin Bi, Ren Zhang, Liuqing Di
This study examined the efficacy of the percutaneous delivery of a tetramethylpyrazine-loaded microemulsion (TMP-ME) on skin pretreated with microneedles (MN). The TMP-ME formulation was optimized in vitro with skin permeation experiments, using a uniform experimental design, guided by a pseudo-ternary phase diagram, in which the TMP skin permeation level and mean particle size were indices. The effects of MN pretreatment on skin permeation by TMP-ME were assessed using in vitro skin permeation, in vivo skin microdialysis, and pharmacokinetic studies in rats...
November 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160710/evaporation-dynamics-of-mixed-nanocolloidal-sessile-droplets
#16
Binita Pathak, Sandeep Hatte, Saptarshi Basu
Evaporation dynamics of a particle laden droplet has been a topic of interest in recent times due to its widespread applications, ranging from surface patterning to drug delivery systems. The interplay of evaporation induced internal flow dynamics, contact line dynamics and nanoparticle self-assembly govern the morphologies of the residual structures. Fine tuning of these residual structures is thus possible by controlling the governing parameters. A nanoparticle laden sessile droplet placed on a hydrophobic substrate undergoes buckling phenomenon which results in a dome-like structure with cavity on the surface...
November 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160707/molecular-structure-inhibiting-synergism-in-charged-surfactant-mixtures-an-atomistic-molecular-dynamics-simulation-study
#17
Gözde Ergin, Mária Lbadaoui-Darvas, Satoshi Takahama
Synergistic and non-synergistic surfactant-water mixtures of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), lauryl betaine (C12B) and cocoamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) systems are studied using molecular simulation to understand the role of interactions among headgroups, tailgroups, and water on structural and thermodynamic properties at the air-water interface. SDS is an anionic surfactant while C12B and CAPB are zwitterionic; CAPB differs from C12B by an amide group in the tail. While the lowest surface tensions at high surface concentrations in the SDS-C12B synergistic system could not be reproduced by simulation, estimated partitioning between surface and bulk show trends consistent with synergism...
November 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160329/effects-of-length-and-hydrophilicity-hydrophobicity-of-diamines-on-self-assembly-of-diamine-sds-gemini-like-surfactants
#18
Zhidi Chen, Jeffrey Penfold, Peixun Li, James Doutch, Yaxun Fan, Yilin Wang
This work studied gemini-like surfactants formed from anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and cationic charged bola-type diamines with hydrophilic or hydrophobic spacers of different lengths using surface tension, small angle neutron scattering, isothermal titration microcalorimetry and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy. The critical micelle concentrations (CMC) and the surface tension at CMC (γCMC) for all the diamine/SDS mixtures are markedly lower than that of SDS. The shorter diamines reduce γCMC to a greater extent regardless of the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the diamines...
November 21, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160134/surfactant-protein-a-nanobody-conjugated-liposomes-loaded-with-methylprednisolone-increase-lung-targeting-specificity-and-therapeutic-effect-for-acute-lung-injury
#19
Nan Li, Dong Weng, Shan-Mei Wang, Yuan Zhang, Shan-Shan Chen, Zhao-Fang Yin, Jiali Zhai, Judy Scoble, Charlotte C Williams, Tao Chen, Hui Qiu, Qin Wu, Meng-Meng Zhao, Li-Qin Lu, Xavier Mulet, Hui-Ping Li
The advent of nanomedicine requires novel delivery vehicles to actively target their site of action. Here, we demonstrate the development of lung-targeting drug-loaded liposomes and their efficacy, specificity and safety. Our study focuses on glucocorticoids methylprednisolone (MPS), a commonly used drug to treat lung injuries. The steroidal molecule was loaded into functionalized nano-sterically stabilized unilamellar liposomes (NSSLs). Targeting functionality was performed through conjugation of surfactant protein A (SPANb) nanobodies to form MPS-NSSLs-SPANb...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159721/design-synthesis-in-silico-and-in-vitro-antimicrobial-screenings-of-novel-1-2-4-triazoles-carrying-1-2-3-triazole-scaffold-with-lipophilic-side-chain-tether
#20
Mohamed Reda Aouad, Mariem Mohammed Mayaba, Arshi Naqvi, Sanaa K Bardaweel, Fawzia Faleh Al-Blewi, Mouslim Messali, Nadjet Rezki
BACKGROUND: 1,2,4-Triazoles and 1,2,3-triazoles have gained significant importance in medicinal chemistry. RESULTS: This study describes a green, efficient and quick solvent free click synthesis of new 1,2,3-triazole-4,5-diesters carrying a lipophilic side chain via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of diethylacetylene dicarboxylate with different surfactant azides. Further structural modifications of the resulting 1,2,3-triazole diesters to their corresponding 1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones via multi-step synthesis has been also investigated...
November 21, 2017: Chemistry Central Journal
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