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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550381/treatment-of-dyslipidemia-using-crispr-cas9-genome-editing
#1
REVIEW
Alexandra C Chadwick, Kiran Musunuru
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated 9 (Cas9) has recently emerged as a top genome editing technology and has afforded investigators the ability to more easily study a number of diseases. This review discusses CRISPR/Cas9's advantages and limitations and highlights a few recent reports on genome editing applications for alleviating dyslipidemia through disruption of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9)...
July 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548281/adverse-effects-of-fructose-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-hepatic-lipid-metabolism-in-subjects-with-abdominal-obesity
#2
Marja-Riitta Taskinen, Sanni Söderlund, Leonie H Bogl, Antti Hakkarainen, Niina Matikainen, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Sari Räsänen, Nina Lundbom, Elias Björnson, Björn Eliasson, Rosellina M Mancina, Stefano Romeo, Natalie Alméras, Giuseppe Della Pepa, Claudia Vetrani, Anna Prinster, Giovanni Annuzzi, Angela Rivellese, Jean-Pierre Després, Jan Borén
BACKGROUND: Overconsumption of dietary sugars, fructose in particular, is linked to cardiovascular risk factors such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. However, clinical studies have to date not clarified whether these adverse cardiometabolic effects are induced directly by dietary sugars, or if they are secondary to weight gain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of fructose (75 g/day), served with their habitual diet over 12 weeks, on liver fat content and other cardiometabolic risk factors in a large cohort (n=71) of abdominally obese men...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548186/-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-first-and-third-year-university-students
#3
Gladys Morales, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Sergio Muñoz, Carlos Belmar, Ingrid Schifferli, Andrea Muñoz, Alvaro Soto
BACKGROUND: College students are in a critical stage in their life style due to the transition between high school and university and they may be prone to develop cardiovascular diseases. AIM: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in students from first and third year at the University of La Frontera, Temuco-Chile, according to faculty, gender and socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548185/-evaluation-the-american-college-of-cardiology-and-american-heart-association-predictive-score-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#4
Mónica Acevedo, Giovanna Valentino, Verónica Kramer, María José Bustamante, Marcela Adasme, Lorena Orellana, Fernando Baraona, Carlos Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Recently, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) proposed a new cardiovascular risk (CV) score. AIM: To evaluate the new risk score (ACC/AHA 2013) in a Chilean population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, lipid profile and fasting blood glucose levels were measured and a survey about CV risk factors was responded by 3,284 subjects aged 40 to 79 years (38% females), living in urban Santiago...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548034/editorial-the-different-facets-of-diabetes-dyslipidemia-and-hypertension-in-cardio-metabolic-diseases-current-perspective-and-future-developments
#5
EDITORIAL
Joseph Fomusi Ndisang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545981/the-role-of-dyslipidemia-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#6
Sandra S Hammer, Julia V Busik
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) affects over 93 million people worldwide and is the number one cause of blindness among working age adults. These indicators coupled with the projected rise of patients diagnosed with diabetes, makes DR a serious and prevalent vision threating disease. Data from recent clinical trials demonstrate that in addition to the well accepted role of hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia is an important, but often overlooked factor in the development of DR. The central aim of this review article is to showcase the critical role of dyslipidemia in DR progression as well as highlight novel therapeutic solutions that take advantage of the vital roles lipid metabolism plays in DR progression...
May 22, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545928/sitosterolemia-a-multifaceted-metabolic-disorder-with-important-clinical-consequences
#7
Eleftheria Tzavella, Eleftheria Hatzimichael, Christina Kostara, Eleni Bairaktari, Moses Elisaf, Vasilis Tsimihodimos
Sitosterolemia is a metabolic disorder characterized by increased intestinal absorption and tissue accumulation of phytosterols. Although sitosterolemia is considered a rare disease, its prevalence may be significantly higher than initially thought. Indeed, accumulating evidence suggests that patients with unexplained hematologic abnormalities or premature cardiovascular disease in the absence of classic risk factors may exhibit disordered phytosterol metabolism. In this review, we present a patient with sitosterolemia, describe the pathophysiology and the clinical picture of this disorder, and discuss the clinical value of phytosterol supplementation in patients with primary dyslipidemias...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545518/design-and-rationale-of-the-odyssey-dm-dyslipidemia-trial-lipid-lowering-efficacy-and-safety-of-alirocumab-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-and-mixed-dyslipidaemia-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#8
Dirk Müller-Wieland, Lawrence A Leiter, Bertrand Cariou, Alexia Letierce, Helen M Colhoun, Stefano Del Prato, Robert R Henry, Francisco J Tinahones, Lisa Aurand, Jaman Maroni, Kausik K Ray, Maja Bujas-Bobanovic
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is often associated with mixed dyslipidaemia, where non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) levels may more closely align with cardiovascular risk than low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). We describe the design and rationale of the ODYSSEY DM-DYSLIPIDEMIA study that assesses the efficacy and safety of alirocumab, a proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor, versus lipid-lowering usual care in individuals with T2DM and mixed dyslipidaemia at high cardiovascular risk with non-HDL-C inadequately controlled despite maximally tolerated statin therapy...
May 25, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545035/novel-ppar%C3%AE-agonist-mhy553-alleviates-hepatic-steatosis-by-increasing-fatty-acid-oxidation-and-decreasing-inflammation-during-aging
#9
Seong Min Kim, Bonggi Lee, Hye Jin An, Dae Hyun Kim, Kyung Chul Park, Sang-Gyun Noh, Ki Wung Chung, Eun Kyeong Lee, Kyung Mok Kim, Do Hyun Kim, Su Jeong Kim, Pusoon Chun, Ho Jeong Lee, Hyung Ryong Moon, Hae Young Chung
Hepatic steatosis is frequently observed in obese and aged individuals. Because hepatic steatosis is closely associated with metabolic syndromes, including insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and inflammation, numerous efforts have been made to develop compounds that ameliorate it. Here, a novel peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α agonist, 4-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)benzene-1,3-diol (MHY553) was developed, and investigated its beneficial effects on hepatic steatosis using young and old Sprague-Dawley rats and HepG2 cells...
May 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542922/study-of-retinal-neurodegeneration-and-maculopathy-in-diabetic-meriones-shawi-a-particular-animal-model-with-human-like-macula
#10
Imane Hammoum, Maha Benlarbi, Ahmed Dellaa, Klaudia Szabó, Bulcsú Dékány, Dávid Csaba, Zsuzsanna Almási, Rozina I Hajdú, Rached Azaiz, Ridha Charefeddine, Ákos Lukáts, Rafika Benchouacha-Chekir
The purpose of this work was to evaluate a potentially useful animal model, Meriones shawi (M.sh) - developing metabolic X syndrome, diabetes and possessing a visual streak similar to human macula - in the study of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema (DME). Type 2 diabetes (T2D) was induced by high fat diet administration in M.sh. Body weights, blood glucose levels were monitored throughout the study. Diabetic retinal histopathology was evaluated 3 and 7 months after diabetes induction. Retinal thickness was measured, retinal cell types were labeled by immunohistochemistry and the number of stained elements were quantified...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541926/addition-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-and-coenzyme-q10-to-statin-therapy-in-patients-with-combined-dyslipidemia
#11
Štefan Tóth, Matej Šajty, Tímea Pekárová, Adil Mughees, Peter Štefanič, Matan Katz, Katarína Spišáková, Jozef Pella, Daniel Pella
BACKGROUND: Statins represent a group of drugs that are currently indicated in the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events. Their administration can be associated with side effects and the insufficient reduction of triacylglyceride (TAG) levels. This study aimed to assess the effect of the triple combination of statins with omega-3 fatty acids and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) on parameters associated with atherogenesis and statin side effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this pilot randomized double-blind trial, 105 subjects who met the criteria of combined dislipidemia and elevated TAG levels were randomly divided into three groups...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541582/definition-of-a-tolerable-upper-intake-level-of-niacin-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-dose-dependent-effects-of-nicotinamide-and-nicotinic-acid-supplementation
#12
Clara Minto, Maria Gabriella Vecchio, Manfred Lamprecht, Dario Gregori
Nicotinic acid and nicotinamide are soluble compounds of the vitamin B group, widely used to regulate the lipid profile in hyperlipidemic individuals. Higher doses of nicotinic acid are associated with adverse effects, especially flushing. A unique tolerable upper intake level (UL) of nicotinic acid has not been defined. This meta-analysis aims to evaluate adverse effects and their incidence after supplementation with different doses of nicotinic acid and nicotinamide, comparing results with current ULs in Europe and the United States...
May 25, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541532/constitutive-activation-of-akt2-in-humans-leads-to-hypoglycemia-without-fatty-liver-or-metabolic-dyslipidemia
#13
Marina Minic, Nuno Rocha, Julie Harris, Matthijs P Groeneveld, Sarah Leiter, Nicholas Wareham, Alison Sleigh, Pascale De Lonlay, Khalid Hussain, Stephen O'Rahilly, Robert K Semple
Context: The activating p.Glu17Lys mutation in AKT2, a kinase mediating many of insulin's metabolic actions, causes hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia and left-sided hemihypertrophy. The wider metabolic profile and longer term natural history of the condition has not yet been reported. Objective: To characterise the metabolic and cellular consequences of the AKT2 p.Glu17Lys mutation in two previously reported males at the age of 17 years. Design/intervention: Body composition analysis using dual energy X ray absorptiometry, overnight profiling of plasma glucose, insulin and fatty acids, oral glucose tolerance testing, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy to determine hepatic triglyceride content were undertaken...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540852/association-of-polyunsaturated-saturated-fatty-acids-to-metabolic-syndrome-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-lipoprotein-a-in-hypertensive-type-2-diabetic-patients
#14
Amira Fatma Bennacer, Elmahdi Haffaf, Ghouti Kacimi, Brahim Oudjit, Elhadj-Ahmed Koceir
The interactions between fatty acids (FA) classes: polyunsaturated (PUFA-ω6, PUFA-ω3), saturated (SFA), EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid-ω3), DHA (docosahexaenoic-ω3) and cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) clusters, thrombosis development and vascular inflammation are subtle. This relationship is mediated by insulin resistance (IR), endothelial dysfunction, platelet aggregation disorder and atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether PUFA/SFA - PUFA-ω6/PUFA-ω3 ratios and EPA + DHA can be associated with predictive atherothrombogenic biomarkers status in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients with or without hypertension (HT)...
June 1, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540644/the-epigenetic-machinery-in-vascular-dysfunction-and-hypertension
#15
REVIEW
Emile Levy, Schohraya Spahis, Jean-Luc Bigras, Edgard Delvin, Jean-Michel Borys
Hypertension (HT) is among the major components of the metabolic syndrome, i.e., obesity, dyslipidemia, and hyperglycemia/insulin resistance. It represents a significant health problem with foremost risks for chronic cardiovascular disease and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is not surprising that this disorder constitutes a serious public health concern. Although multiple studies have stressed the multifactorial nature of HT, the pathogenesis remains largely unknown...
June 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540171/flavanols-from-the-camellia-sinensis-var-assamica-and-their-hypoglycemic-and-hypolipidemic-activities
#16
Xin Wang, Quan Liu, Hongbo Zhu, Hongqing Wang, Jie Kang, Zhufang Shen, Ruoyun Chen
α-Glucosidase and lipase inhibitors play important roles in the treatment of hyperglycaemia and dyslipidemia. To identify novel naturally occurring inhibitors, a bioactivity-guided phytochemical research was performed on the pu-erh tea. One new flavanol, named (-)-epicatechin-3-O-(Z)-coumarate (1), and 16 known analogs (2-17) were isolated from the aqueous extract of the pu-erh tea. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods. Furthermore, the water extract of pu-erh tea and its fractions exhibited inhibitory activities against α-glucosidases and lipases in vitro; compound 15 showed moderate inhibitory effect against sucrase with an IC50 value of 32...
May 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540158/childhood-obesity-is-a-high-risk-factor-for-hypertriglyceridemia-a-case-control-study-in-vietnam
#17
Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Le Thi Tuyet, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Yang Tao, Dinh-Toi Chu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between dyslipidemia and obesity status among Viet-namese adolescents. METHODS: In this case-control study, 282 adolescents (6-11 years), including 88 obese cases and 194 normal-weight controls, were recruited from a population-based cross-sectional study from two provinces in Vietnam. The anthropometric, blood lipid, and other laboratory test results of the study subjects were analyzed. RESULTS: Obese children tended to have more visceral fat (Pearson's r = 0...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540043/prescription-patterns-of-long-acting-somatostatin-analogues
#18
Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba, Manuel Enrique Machado-Duque
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly and endocrine tumors are uncommon morbidities that are currently treated with different drugs. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prescription patterns of somatostatin analogues in patients affiliated with the Health System of Colombia. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients of any age and sex treated with octreotide or lanreotide between January 2011 and August 2015. Socio-demographic, clinical (indications) and pharmacological (comedications) variables were considered...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539583/transient-receptor-potential-canonical-5-channels-plays-an-essential-role-in-hepatic-dyslipidemia-associated-with-cholestasis
#19
Khadija M Alawi, David Tandio, Jin Xu, Pratish Thakore, Georgia Papacleovoulou, Elizabeth S Fernandes, Cristina Legido-Quigley, Catherine Williamson, Susan D Brain
Transient receptor potential canonical 5 (TRPC5), a calcium-permeable, non-selective cation channel is expressed in the periphery, but there is limited knowledge of its regulatory roles in vivo. Endogenous modulators of TRPC5 include a range of phospholipids that have an established role in liver disease, including lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). Cholestasis is characterized by impairment of excretion of bile acids, leading to elevation of hepatic bile acids. We investigated the contribution of TRPC5 in a murine model of cholestasis...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539291/-beneficial-effect-of-periodontal-therapy-on-insulin-resistance-and-lipid-metabolism-in-obese-rats-with-periodontitis
#20
Qiao-Xue Chai, Su-Lan Zhong, Jia Ni, Lei Chen, Lei Zhou, Jin-Cai Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of periodontal therapy in controlling periodontitis and on insulin resistance and lipid metabolism in obese rats with periodontitis. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into normal group (group C), obese group (group O), periodontitis combined with obesity group (group P) and periodontal treatment group (group T). The obese rats in groups P and T were subjected to ligation of the maxillary second molar with silk thread to induce experimental periodontitis, and the rats in group T received periodontal therapy after the ligation...
May 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
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