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Balance and older adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807870/an-open-multi-vendor-multi-field-strength-brain-mr-dataset-and-analysis-of-publicly-available-skull-stripping-methods-agreement
#1
REVIEW
Roberto Souza, Oeslle Lucena, Julia Garrafa, David Gobbi, Marina Saluzzi, Simone Appenzeller, Letícia Rittner, Richard Frayne, Roberto Lotufo
This paper presents an open, multi-vendor, multi-field strength magnetic resonance (MR) T1-weighted volumetric brain imaging dataset, named Calgary-Campinas-359 (CC-359). The dataset is composed of images of older healthy adults (29-80 years) acquired on scanners from three vendors (Siemens, Philips and General Electric) at both 1.5 T and 3 T. CC-359 is comprised of 359 datasets, approximately 60 subjects per vendor and magnetic field strength. The dataset is approximately age and gender balanced, subject to the constraints of the available images...
August 11, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806627/a-novel-clinical-evaluation-method-using-maximum-angular-velocity-during-knee-extension-to-assess-lower-extremity-muscle-function-of-older-adults
#2
Takeshi Arai, Shuichi Obuchi, Yoshitaka Shiba
The purpose of this study is to examine the utilities of maximum angular velocity (AV) assessment during knee extension (KE) using a gyroscope for clinical evaluation of exercise program for older adults. Two hundred and 4 community-dwelling older adults underwent a 3-month exercise intervention program. Outcome measures included AV during KE and other physical functions (isometric strength (IS), walking abilities, and balance functions). A correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the relationships between AV and other physical functions at baseline...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804393/ageism-among-physicians-nurses-and-social-workers-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#3
Aya Ben-Harush, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Israel Doron, Sara Alon, Arthur Leibovitz, Hava Golander, Yafa Haron, Liat Ayalon
This study investigated ageism among healthcare professionals in various therapeutic settings in Israel. Using a qualitative approach, the current study aimed to examine similarities and differences across healthcare disciplines. Three focus groups were conducted with physicians, nurses, and social workers. Data from each focus group were analyzed separately, and then commonalities and differences across the groups were evaluated. Three main themes relating to older adults emerged from the data. The first theme pertains to perceived difficulties that healthcare professionals experience in working with older adults and their family members; the second focuses on invisibility and discriminatory communication patterns; and the third theme relates to provision of inappropriate care to older adults...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800331/alzheimer-s-disease-biomarkers-interactively-influence-physical-activity-mobility-and-cognition-associations-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-non-demented-aging-population
#4
Sherilyn Thibeau, G Peggy McFall, Richard Camicioli, Roger A Dixon
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk-reduction strategies (e.g., increasing physical activity, improving mobility) have garnered increasing attention in the literature. However, the effect of such modifiable factors on the preclinical trajectories of brain and cognitive health may be moderated by non-modifiable biomarkers associated with AD. OBJECTIVE: In a longitudinal sample of non-demented older adults, we examine the independent predictors everyday physical activity (EPA) and mobility on executive function (EF) performance and change...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799415/evaluation-of-the-revised-sense-of-coherence-scale-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-a-means-to-assess-resilience-aspects
#5
Shauna L Mc Gee, Jan Höltge, Andreas Maercker, Myriam V Thoma
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the revised Sense of Coherence (SOC-R) scale in a sample of older adults, using an extended range of psychological concepts. It further examined the psychometric properties of the revised scale and tested the theoretical assumptions underpinning the SOC-R concept. METHOD: The SOC-R scale was evaluated in 268 Swiss older adults (mean age = 66.9 years), including n = 15 heavily traumatized former indentured child labourers. Standardised questionnaires collected information on positive and negative life experiences, resources, current health, and well-being...
August 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797962/quantitative-trunk-sway-and-prediction-of-incident-falls-in-older-adults
#6
Jeannette R Mahoney, Mooyeon Oh-Park, Emmeline Ayers, Joe Verghese
Poor balance and balance impairments are major predictors of falls. The purpose of the current study was to determine the clinical validity of baseline quantitative static trunk sway measurements in predicting incident falls in a cohort of 287 community-dwelling non-demented older Americans (mean age 76.14±6.82years; 54% female). Trunk sway was measured using the SwayStar™ device, and quantified as angular displacement in degrees in anterior-posterior (pitch) and medio-lateral (roll) planes. Over a one-year follow-up period, 66 elders (23%) reported incident falls...
July 29, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793100/falls-in-institutionalized-older-adults-risks-consequences-and-antecedents
#7
Antonio Herculano de Araújo, Anna Cláudia Freire de Araújo Patrício, Milenna Azevedo Minhaqui Ferreira, Brenda Feitosa Lopes Rodrigues, Thayná Dias Dos Santos, Thays Domingos de Brito Rodrigues, Richardson Augusto Rosendo da Silva
Objective: To analyze the occurrence of falls in institutionalized elderly addressing the risks, consequences and antecedents. Method: Cross-sectional study carried out with 45 older adults in Long-Term Care Facilities for the Older adult in João Pessoa, Brazil, in June and July 2016. A socio-demographic questionnaire and the Berg Balance Scale were applied, classifying as risk of fall scores lower than 45. Descriptive statistics and tests were conducted: independent t-test, Anova (Tukey), Chi-square, Mann Whitney...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791283/increasing-incidence-of-colorectal-cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-aged-15-39-years-in-western-australia-1982-2007-examination-of-colonoscopy-history
#8
Lakkhina Troeung, Nita Sodhi-Berry, Angelita Martini, Eva Malacova, Hooi Ee, Peter O'Leary, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar, David B Preen
AIMS: To examine trends in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and colonoscopy history in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) aged 15-39 years in Western Australia (WA) from 1982 to 2007. DESIGN: Descriptive cohort study using population-based linked hospital and cancer registry data. METHOD: Five-year age-standardized and age-specific incidence rates of CRC were calculated for all AYAs and by sex. Temporal trends in CRC incidence were investigated using Joinpoint regression analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783470/differences-in-fitness-level-between-women-aged-60-and-over-participating-in-three-different-supervised-exercise-programs-and-a-sedentary-group
#9
Maria Viladrosa, Ana Lavedán, Pilar Jürschik, Sebastià Mas-Alòs, Antoni Planas-Anzano, Olga Masot
The aim of this study was to compare fitness levels in women aged 60 and over participating in a supervised exercise program (involving tai chi, recreational gymnastics, and/or aquatic fitness) with those in a sedentary group. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed on a total of 171 women aged from 60 to 92 who attended public community clubs for older adults. The instruments used included the Senior Fitness Test, the Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool, the Katz Index, and the Lawton & Brody Activities of Daily Living Scale...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776280/effects-of-a-10-week-multimodal-exercise-program-on-physical-and-cognitive-function-of-nursing-home-residents-a-psychomotor-intervention-pilot-study
#10
Catarina Pereira, Hugo Rosado, Ana Cruz-Ferreira, José Marmeleira
BACKGROUND: Nursing home institutionalization tends to exacerbate loss of functioning. AIMS: Examine the feasibility and the effect of a psychomotor intervention-a multimodal exercise program promoting simultaneous cognitive and motor stimulation-on the executive (planning ability and selective attention) and physical function of nursing home residents. METHODS: Seventeen participants engaged in a 10-week multimodal exercise program and 17 maintained usual activities...
August 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772132/effect-of-hearing-aids-on-static-balance-function-in-elderly-with-hearing-loss
#11
Hossein Negahban, Mahtab Bavarsad Cheshmeh Ali, Gholamhossein Nassadj
While a few studies have investigated the relationship between hearing acuity and postural control, little is known about the effect of hearing aids on postural stability in elderly with hearing loss. The aim was to compare static balance function between elderly with hearing loss who used hearing aids and those who did not use. The subjects asked to stand with (A) open eyes on rigid surface (force platform), (B) closed eyes on rigid surface, (C) open eyes on a foam pad, and (D) closed eyes on a foam pad. Subjects in the aided group (n=22) were tested with their hearing aids turned on and hearing aids turned off in each experimental condition...
July 24, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771109/the-effects-of-the-pilates-training-method-on-balance-and-falls-of-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Noemi Moreno-Segura, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Yéntel Ballester-Gil, María Clara Blasco-Igual, Jose María Blasco
Exercising with the Pilates method may be a beneficial treatment to improve balance and decrease the number of falls. To ascertain this, our search in 7 databases included 15 randomized controlled trials in which Pilates was the primary intervention. Participants were over 60 years of age; the outcomes were related to balance and falls. The Cochrane tool and PEDro scale were used to assess risk of bias and quality of individual studies. Current evidence supported the view that exercising with the Pilates method improves the balance of older adults with a high practical effect in terms of the dynamic (SMD=0...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771062/predicting-falls-in-older-adults-using-the-four-square-step-test
#13
Kimberly Cleary, Elena Skornyakov
The Four Square Step Test (FSST) is a performance-based balance tool involving stepping over four single-point canes placed on the floor in a cross configuration. The purpose of this study was to evaluate properties of the FSST in older adults who lived independently. Forty-five community dwelling older adults provided fall history and completed the FSST, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go (TUG), and Tinetti in random order. Future falls were recorded for 12 months following testing. The FSST accurately distinguished between non-fallers and multiple fallers, and the 15-second threshold score accurately distinguished multiple fallers from non-multiple fallers based on fall history...
August 3, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768439/assessing-advanced-walking-ability-in-people-with-stroke-using-the-groningen-meander-walking-test
#14
Isaac O Tan, Joseph K-F Ng, Shamay S M Ng
OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate the intrarater, interrater and test-retest reliabilities of the Groningen Meander Walking Test in people with stroke; (2) to compare the performance of the Groningen Meander Walking Test between people with stroke and healthy older adults; (3) to quantify any correlations between the Groningen Meander Walking Test and other stroke-specific impairment measurements; and (4) to determine the cut off time that best discriminates between 30 people with stroke and 30 age-matched healthy elderly...
August 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765993/effects-of-acute-peripheral-central-visual-field-loss-on-standing-balance
#15
Caitlin O'Connell, Arash Mahboobin, Scott Drexler, Mark S Redfern, Subashan Perera, Amy C Nau, Rakié Cham
Vision impairments such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and glaucoma are among the top risk factors for geriatric falls and falls-related injuries. AMD and glaucoma lead to loss of the central and peripheral visual fields, respectively. This study utilized a custom contact lens model to occlude the peripheral or central visual fields in healthy adults, offering a novel within-subject approach to improve our understanding of the etiology of balance impairments that may lead to an increased fall risk in patients with visual field loss...
August 1, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763325/could-activity-modifications-indicate-physical-decline-among-adults-with-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Augustine C Lee, Rina M Bloch, William F Harvey, Jeffrey B Driban, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVES: Mobility activity modifications indicate early functional losses that act as precursors to future declines among community-dwelling older adults. However, there is scarce evidence on whether activity modifications indicate poorer physical health among adults with symptomatic osteoarthritis, a major cause of disability. Our purpose was to investigate whether patient-reported mobility activity modifications indicated poorer physical health among adults with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756746/nordic-walking-can-be-incorporated-in-the-exercise-prescription-to-increase-aerobic-capacity-strength-and-quality-of-life-for-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Valentina Bullo, Stefano Gobbo, Barbara Vendramin, Federica Duregon, Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Di Blasio, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize and analyze the effects of Nordic Walking on physical fitness, body composition and quality of life in the elderly. METHODS: keyword "Nordic Walking" associated with "elderly" AND/OR "aging" AND/OR "old subjects" AND/OR "aged" AND/OR "older adults" were used in the onlines database Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus. Only studies written in English language and published in peer-reviewed journals were considered...
July 29, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753644/e-pluribus-unum-harmonization-of-physical-functioning-across-intervention-studies-of-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#18
Nicole M Armstrong, Laura N Gitlin, Jeanine M Parisi, Michelle C Carlson, George W Rebok, Alden L Gross
Common scales for physical functioning are not directly comparable without harmonization techniques, complicating attempts to pool data across studies. Our aim was to provide a standardized metric for physical functioning in adults based on basic and instrumental activities of daily living scaled to NIH PROMIS norms. We provide an item bank to compare the difficulty of various physical functioning activities. We used item response theory methods to place 232 basic and instrumental activities of daily living questions, administered across eight intervention studies of middle-aged and older adults (N = 2,556), on a common metric...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752139/association-between-serum-vitamin-b12-level-and-frailty-in-older-adults
#19
Ozge Dokuzlar, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik
OBJECTIVE: Frailty is associated with recurrent falls, fractures, limitation of daily living activities, cognitive impairment, increase in hospitalization, placement in nursing home, and mortality rate in older adults. Although malnutrition is one of the most important etiological factors, role of micronutrients is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate association between frailty and vitamin B12, which has been demonstrated to be related to numerous geriatric syndromes. METHODS: Total of 335 patients who presented at geriatric outpatient clinic and underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment were included in this study...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744033/the-effect-of-cognitive-motor-dual-task-training-with-the-biorescue-force-platform-on-cognition-balance-and-dual-task-performance-in-institutionalized-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Tom Delbroek, Wietse Vermeylen, Joke Spildooren
[Purpose] This study investigates whether cognition, balance and dual task performance in institutionalized older adults improves by a virtual reality dual task training. [Subjects and Methods] Randomized controlled trial; Twenty institutionalized older adults with mild cognitive impairment (13 female, 7 male; average age, 87.2 ± 5.96 years) were randomized to the intervention (i.e. Virtual reality dual-task training using the BioRescue) or control group (no additional training). The intervention group took part in a 6-week training program while the elderly in the control group maintained their daily activities...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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