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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719222/how-drug-life-cycle-management-patent-strategies-may-impact-formulary-management
#1
Jan Berger, Jeffrey D Dunn, Margaret M Johnson, Kurt R Karst, W Chad Shear
Drug manufacturers may employ various life-cycle management patent strategies, which may impact managed care decision making regarding formulary planning and management strategies when single-source, branded oral pharmaceutical products move to generic status. Passage of the Hatch-Waxman Act enabled more rapid access to generic medications through the abbreviated new drug application process. Patent expirations of small-molecule medications and approvals of generic versions have led to substantial cost savings for health plans, government programs, insurers, pharmacy benefits managers, and their customers...
October 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718496/-introduction-of-rapid-syphilis-and-hiv-testing-in-prenatal-care-in-colombia-qualitative-analysis
#2
María Teresa Ochoa-Manjarrés, Hernando Guillermo Gaitán-Duarte, Sidia Caicedo, Berta Gómez, Freddy Pérez
Objective: Interpret perceptions of Colombian health professionals concerning factors that obstruct and facilitate the introduction of rapid syphilis and HIV testing in prenatal care services. Methods: A qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews was carried out. A convenience sample was selected with 37 participants, who included health professionals involved in prenatal care services, programs for pregnant women, clinical laboratories, and directors of health care units or centers, as well as representatives from regional departments and the Ministry of Health...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717397/how-do-we-avoid-disaster-when-exiting-the-european-medicines-agency-making-the-most-of-brexit-in-pharmaceutical-regulation
#3
EDITORIAL
Anthony James Hatswell
As the UK prepares to leave the EU, it must decide what path it is to take with a large number of regulatory and technical agencies who provide collaboration at the European level. In the case of pharmaceuticals, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) provides pan-European licencing for novel pharmaceuticals. Should the UK depart from the EMA system, this article highlights the loss to patients immediately (slower access to novel treatments), and in the long term by having no access to some novel products as companies choose not to launch in the UK...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711892/3-d-bioprinting-law-regulation-perspectives
#4
Vitalii Pashkov, Andrii Harkusha
INTRODUCTION: Achieved level of technical progress moves us closer and closer to practical use of 3-d bioprinting technologies in real life. Such perspective raise a wide variety of crucial legal issues from the acceptable model of regulation of the science and its' societal effects to problems of the commercialization of the technology and potential restrictions of its use. Some key points on concept of legal regulation of abovementioned sphere is a base of this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Scientific discussion on 3-D bioprinting, European Union`s and US experience in patenting of 3-D bioprinting technologies, European Medicine Agency (EMA) or the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations, European Medical Technology Industry Association (EUCOMED) Acts...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711284/financialisation-in-health-care-an-analysis-of-private-equity-fund-investments-in-turkey
#5
Ipek Eren Vural
The 2007-2008 global financial crisis revived interest in the impacts of financial markets and actors on our social and economic life. Nevertheless, research on health care financialisation remains scant. This article presents findings from research on one modality of financial investments in health care: global private equity funds' investments in private hospitals. Adopting a political economy approach, it analyses the drivers and impacts of the upsurge of global private equity investments in the Turkish private hospital sector amid the global financial crisis...
June 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708245/health-equity-issues-related-to-childhood-obesity-a-scoping-review
#6
Clemencia M Vargas, Elsie M Stines, Herta S Granado
PURPOSE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the health-equity issues that relate to childhood obesity. METHODS: Health-equity issues related to childhood obesity were identified by analyzing food environment, natural and built environment, and social environment. The authors searched Medline, PubMed, and Web of Science, using the keywords "children" and "obesity." Specific terms for each environment were added: "food desert," "advertising," "insecurity," "price," "processing," "trade," and "school" for food environment; "urban design," "land use," "transportation mode," "public facilities," and "market access" for natural and built environment; and "financial capacity/poverty," "living conditions," "transport access," "remoteness," "social support," "social cohesion," "working practices," "eating habits," "time," and "social norms" for social environment...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706778/evaluation-of-healthy2go-a-country-store-transformation-project-to-improve-the-food-environment-and-consumer-choices-in-appalachian-kentucky
#7
Joshua A Rushakoff, Daniel E Zoughbie, Nancy Bui, Katerina DeVito, Leila Makarechi, Hitomi Kubo
Rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes in Kentucky's Cumberland Valley region are among the highest in the United States and limited access to healthy food contributes to these epidemics. The aim of Healthy2Go (H2G), a country store transformation project launched by Spread the Health Appalachia (STHA), was to improve awareness and availability of healthy options in small, rural stores. Ten country stores participated in H2G and received training and technical assistance to increase availability and awareness of healthy foods...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705241/demand-and-willingness-to-pay-for-bed-nets-in-tanzania-results-from-a-choice-experiment
#8
Chris D Gingrich, Emily Ricotta, Amos Kahwa, Catherine Kahabuka, Hannah Koenker
BACKGROUND: Universal coverage campaigns for long-lasting insecticide-treated nets do not always reach the goal of one net for every two household members, and even when ownership of at least one net per household is high, many households may not own enough nets. The retail market provides these households options for replacing or increasing the number of nets they own with products that best fit their needs since a variety of net shapes, sizes, and colours are available. Hence, it is important to understand the factors affecting private net demand...
July 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705191/knowledge-and-understanding-of-health-insurance-challenges-and-remedies
#9
Andrew J Barnes, Yaniv Hanoch
As coverage is expanded in health systems that rely on consumers to choose health insurance plans that best meet their needs, interest in whether consumers possess sufficient understanding of health insurance to make good coverage decisions is growing. The recent IJHPR article by Green and colleagues-examining understanding of supplementary health insurance (SHI) among Israeli consumers-provides an important and timely answer to the above question. Indeed, their study addresses similar problems to the ones identified in the US health care market, with two notable findings...
July 13, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704944/sphenostylis-stenocarpa-ex-a-rich-harms-a-fading-genetic-resource-in-a-changing-climate-prerequisite-for-conservation-and-sustainability
#10
Catherine Veronica Nnamani, Sunday Adesola Ajayi, Happiness Ogba Oselebe, Christopher John Atkinson, Anastasia Ngozi Igboabuchi, Eucharia Chizoba Ezigbo
The southeastern part of Nigeria is one of the major hotspots of useful plant genetic resources. These endemic species are associated with a rich indigenous knowledge and cultural diversity in relation to their use and conservation. Sphenostylis stenocarpa (ex. A. Rich.) Harms., (African Yam Bean (AYB)), is one such crop within the family of Fabaceae. Its nutritional and eco-friendly characteristics have value in ameliorating malnutrition, hidden hunger and environmental degradation inherent in resource-poor rural and semi-rural communities throughout Africa...
July 12, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702315/participation-in-a-farmers-market-fruit-and-vegetable-prescription-program-at-a-federally-qualified-health-center-improves-hemoglobin-a1c-in-low-income-uncontrolled-diabetics
#11
Richard Bryce, Claudia Guajardo, Deliana Ilarraza, Nicki Milgrom, Denise Pike, Kathryn Savoie, Felix Valbuena, Lisa R Miller-Matero
Fruit and vegetable prescription programs have been shown to increase consumption of fresh produce, but whether they have an impact on medical outcomes is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of participation in a farmers' market and fruit and vegetable prescription program on changes in hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), blood pressure (BP) and weight in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes at a federally qualified health center (FQHC) in Detroit, MI. The 13-week Fresh Prescription program (June 2015-October 2015) was designed to improve access and consumption of produce among low-income patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701253/a-brief-review-of-three-common-supplements-used-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Justin Spence, Monica Chintapenta, Hyanggi Irene Kwon, Amie Taggart Blaszczyk
Individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their caregivers are using supplements in an effort to halt the progression of the disease. Individuals at risk for or fearing Alzheimer's may use these supplements to try to prevent the disease. Senior care pharmacists are accessible and uniquely qualified to answer questions, make recommendations, and attempt to make drug therapy safe and effective for these individuals. With this in mind, it is important to know the data supporting (or not supporting) common supplements marketed toward those with AD...
July 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692124/genetic-variability-of-a-brazilian-capsicum-frutescens-germplasm-collection-using-morphological-characteristics-and-ssr-markers
#13
S I C Carvalho, L B Bianchetti, C F Ragassi, C S C Ribeiro, F J B Reifschneider, G S C Buso, F G Faleiro
Characterization studies provide essential information for the conservation and use of germplasm in plant breeding programs. In this study, 103 Capsicum frutescens L. accessions from the Active Germplasm Bank of Embrapa Hortaliças, representative of all five Brazilian geographic regions, were characterized based on morphological characteristics and microsatellite (or simple sequence repeat - SSR) molecular markers. Morphological characterization was carried out using 57 descriptors, and molecular characterization was based on 239 alleles from 24 microsatellite loci...
July 6, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689708/the-growing-role-of-biologics-and-biosimilars-in-the-united-states-perspectives-from-the-apha-biologics-and-biosimilars-stakeholder-conference
#14
Judy Crespi-Lofton, Jann B Skelton
OBJECTIVES: The American Pharmacists Association (APhA) convened the Biologics and Biosimilars Stakeholder Conference on November 30, 2016, in Washington DC. The objectives of the Conference were to determine the key issues and challenges within the marketplace for biologics, follow-on biologics (FOBs), and biosimilars, identify potential roles and responsibilities of pharmacists regarding biologic and biosimilar medications, and identify actions or activities that pharmacists may take to optimize the safe and cost-effective use of biologics and biosimilars...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688261/effect-of-long-term-chilled-up-to-5weeks-then-frozen-up-to-12months-storage-at-two-different-sub-zero-holding-temperatures-on-beef-1-meat-quality-and-microbial-loads
#15
Benjamin W B Holman, Cassius E O Coombs, Stephen Morris, Matthew J Kerr, David L Hopkins
Beef loins (LL) stored under different chilled-then-frozen storage combinations (up to 5 and 52weeks, respectively) and two frozen holding temperatures were evaluated for microbial load and meat quality parameters. We found holding temperature effects to be negligible, which suggest -12°C could deliver comparable quality LL to -18°C across these same storage periods. Meat quality parameters varied significantly, but when compared to existing consumer thresholds these may not be perceptible, colour being the exception which proved unacceptable, earlier into retail display when either chilled and subsequent frozen storage periods were increased...
June 30, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686780/a-survey-assessment-of-us-dermatologists-perception-of-biosimilars
#16
Alexandra Barsell, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich
<p>BACKGROUND: Biologics have transformed the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, but at a significant cost to payers and patients. The introduction of biosimilars into the US market could reduce costs while increasing access to biologic medications.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify gaps in biosimilar knowledge and perception among US dermatologists.</p> <p>METHODS: An online survey was sent to dermatologists from January to April 2015.</p> <p>RESULTS: Ninety-seven US dermatologists responded, of which 84% state they prescribe biologics in their practice...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684025/statutory-health-insurance-in-germany-a-health-system-shaped-by-135-years-of-solidarity-self-governance-and-competition
#17
REVIEW
Reinhard Busse, Miriam Blümel, Franz Knieps, Till Bärnighausen
Bismarck's Health Insurance Act of 1883 established the first social health insurance system in the world. The German statutory health insurance system was built on the defining principles of solidarity and self-governance, and these principles have remained at the core of its continuous development for 135 years. A gradual expansion of population and benefits coverage has led to what is, in 2017, universal health coverage with a generous benefits package. Self-governance was initially applied mainly to the payers (the sickness funds) but was extended in 1913 to cover relations between sickness funds and doctors, which in turn led to the right for insured individuals to freely choose their health-care providers...
July 3, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683879/-the-contribution-of-digital-technology-to-mental-healthcare-much-hope-a-few-concerns
#18
Philip Gorwood
There is a plethora of applications designed to improve mental healthcare available on the digital market. All the caregivers involved in the field of psychiatric disorders must keep abreast of these advances in order to develop them to benefit patients as early as possible. However, their real efficacy remains unproven and their potential limits are obvious, such as the issue of accessibility for the frailest patients, data protection as well as the quality of the messages conveyed.
July 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683379/work-related-illness-work-related-accidents-and-lack-of-social-security-in-colombia
#19
María Teresa Buitrago Echeverri, César Ernesto Abadía-Barrero, Consuelo Granja Palacios
The impacts of neoliberal or market-based social security reforms in health have been extensively studied. How such reforms transformed employment-related insurance and entitlements, however, has received significantly less attention. This study aims to understand how the employment insurance system operates in Colombia and to assess how the experience of workers seeking social security entitlements relates to the system's structure. We conducted an ethnographic study of the Colombian Occupational Risk System between May 2014 and March 2016, with two main components: 1) analysis of the system itself through in-depth interviews with 32 people working in leadership positions and a systematic review of the system's most important legislation, and 2) a study of people who experienced problems receiving entitlements and were challenging the assessment of their work-related illness or accident...
June 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681168/postmarital-living-arrangements-in-historically-patrilocal-settings-integrating-household-fission-and-migration-perspectives
#20
Jessica Pearlman, Lisa D Pearce, Dirgha J Ghimire, Prem Bhandari, Taylor Hargrove
This study integrates theory and research on household fission (or partition) and migration to better understand living arrangements following marriage, especially in historically patrilocal and primarily agricultural settings. Using panel data from the Chitwan Valley Family Study to analyze the sequential decision-making process that influences men's living arrangements subsequent to first marriage, we demonstrate the importance of distinguishing among extended family living, temporary migration, and the establishment of an independent household...
July 5, 2017: Demography
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