keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vaccine coverage

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776921/determining-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-coverage-required-for-indirect-protection-against-vaccine-type-pneumococcal-carriage-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study
#1
Jocelyn Chan, Cattram D Nguyen, Jana Y R Lai, Eileen M Dunne, Ross Andrews, Christopher C Blyth, Siddhartha Datta, Kim Fox, Rebecca Ford, Jason Hinds, Sophie La Vincente, Deborah Lehmann, Ruth Lim, Tuya Mungun, Paul N Newton, Rattanaphone Phetsouvanh, Willam S Pomat, Anonh Xeuatvongsa, Claire von Mollendorf, David A B Dance, Catherine Satzke, Kim Muholland, Fiona M Russell
INTRODUCTION: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) prevent disease through both direct protection of vaccinated individuals and indirect protection of unvaccinated individuals by reducing nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage and transmission of vaccine-type (VT) pneumococci. While the indirect effects of PCV vaccination are well described, the PCV coverage required to achieve the indirect effects is unknown. We will investigate the relationship between PCV coverage and VT carriage among undervaccinated children using hospital-based NP pneumococcal carriage surveillance at three sites in Asia and the Pacific...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776104/interplay-between-cost-and-benefits-triggers-nontrivial-vaccination-uptake
#2
Benjamin Steinegger, Alessio Cardillo, Paolo De Los Rios, Jesús Gómez-Gardeñes, Alex Arenas
The containment of epidemic spreading is a major challenge in science. Vaccination, whenever available, is the best way to prevent the spreading, because it eventually immunizes individuals. However, vaccines are not perfect, and total immunization is not guaranteed. Imperfect immunization has driven the emergence of antivaccine movements that totally alter the predictions about the epidemic incidence. Here, we propose a mathematically solvable mean-field vaccination model to mimic the spontaneous adoption of vaccines against influenzalike diseases and the expected epidemic incidence...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773702/exploring-variation-in-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-uptake-in-switzerland-a-multilevel-spatial-analysis-of-a-national-vaccination-coverage-survey
#3
Maurane Riesen, Garyfallos Konstantinoudis, Phung Lang, Nicola Low, Christoph Hatz, Mirjam Maeusezahl, Anne Spaar, Marc Bühlmann, Ben D Spycher, Christian L Althaus
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the factors that influence human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination uptake is critically important to the design of effective vaccination programmes. In Switzerland, HPV vaccination uptake (≥1 dose) by age 16 years among women ranges from 31% to 80% across 26 cantons (states). Our objective was to identify factors that are associated with the spatial variation in HPV vaccination uptake. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Swiss National Vaccination Coverage Survey 2009-2016 on HPV vaccination status (≥1 dose) of 14-17-year-old girls, their municipality of residence and their nationality for 21 of 26 cantons (n=8965)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773321/evaluating-scenarios-of-locations-and-capacities-for-vaccine-storage-in-nigeria
#4
Dor Hirsh Bar Gai, Zachary Graybill, Paule Voevodsky, Ekundayo Shittu
Many developing countries still face the prevalence of preventable childhood diseases because their vaccine supply chain systems are inadequate by design or structure to meet the needs of their populations. Currently, Nigeria is evaluating options in the redesign of the country's vaccine supply chain. Using Nigeria as a case study, the objective is to evaluate different regional supply chain scenarios to identify the cost minimizing optimal hub locations and storage capacities for doses of different vaccines to achieve a 100% fill rate...
May 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773122/cost-effectiveness-of-the-controlled-temperature-chain-for-the-hepatitis-b-virus-birth-dose-vaccine-in-various-global-settings-a-modelling-study
#5
Nick Scott, Anna Palmer, Christopher Morgan, Olufunmilayo Lesi, C Wendy Spearman, Mark Sonderup, Margaret Hellard
BACKGROUND: The controlled temperature chain (CTC) strategy allows vaccines to be kept outside the cold chain for a short period of time. In remote rural areas, the CTC strategy for the hepatitis B virus (HBV) birth dose vaccination could improve its geographical coverage and timeliness of delivery, but with additional outreach costs. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of the CTC strategy for the HBV birth dose across six world regions and 72 countries according to their HBV prevalence, delivery costs, and birth dose coverage and timing...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772848/increased-vaccination-coverage-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-the-district-of-palermo-as-a-result-of-a-public-health-strategy-to-counteract-an-epidemic-panic
#6
Claudio Costantino, Vincenzo Restivo, Gianmarco Ventura, Claudio D'Angelo, Maria Angela Randazzo, Nicolò Casuccio, Mario Palermo, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale
During the summer of 2016 four cases of invasive meningococcal disease in rapid succession among young adults in the district of Palermo, Italy, resulting in one death, were widely reported by local and national mass media. The resultant 'epidemic panic' among the general population overloaded the vaccination units of the Palermo district over the following months. Strategies implemented by the Sicilian and local public health authorities to counteract 'meningitis fear' included the following: (a) extension of active and free-of-charge anti-meningococcal tetravalent vaccination from age class 12⁻18 to 12⁻30 years old; (b) implementation of vaccination units during normal clinic hours in rooms tailored for vaccine administration; (c) development of informative institutional tools and timely communication throughout local mass media to reassure the general population...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771697/influenza-vaccine-strategies-for-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#7
Cédric Hirzel, Deepali Kumar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to highlight recent evidence on important aspects of influenza vaccination in solid organ transplant recipients. RECENT FINDINGS: Influenza vaccine is the most evaluated vaccine in transplant recipients. The immunogenicity of the vaccine is suboptimal after transplantation. Newer formulations such as inactivated unadjuvanted high-dose influenza vaccine and the administration of a booster dose within the same season have shown to increase response rates...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771622/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-shandong-illegal-vaccine-sales-incident-on-immunizations-in-china
#8
Lei Cao, Jingshan Zheng, Lingsheng Cao, Jian Cui, Qiyou Xiao
A case of illegal vaccine sales in Shandong province, China, (hereinafter, the incident), which caused a lack of confidence among vaccination recipients and public panic, was uncovered in March 2016. We conducted a study comprising two cross-sectional surveys: at two months (May 2016) and seven months (October 2016) after the incident. The study aimed to evaluate the impact on immunizations; investigate the variation of the immunization coverage of the National Immunization Program Vaccines (NIPV) and the sales volume growth rate of Category II vaccines; and understand the reasons for non-vaccination and perspectives on immunization...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771601/response-to-third-rubella-vaccine-dose
#9
Lotta Siira, Hanne Nøkleby, Regine Barlinn, Øystein R Riise, Ingeborg S Aaberge, Susanne G Dudman
Limited data exist on the immunogenicity of a third dose of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR). In this study, our aim was to evaluate the long-term rubella immunogenicity afforded by two childhood MMR doses of the Norwegian vaccination program in a cohort of conscripts and to determine the effect of an additional dose of MMR vaccine, in order to inform vaccination policy. Blood samples from Norwegian conscripts (n = 495) taken both before and eight months after administration of a dose of MMR vaccine were tested using an enzyme immunoassay to measure anti-rubella IgG...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771600/is-italian-population-protected-from-poliovirus-results-of-a-seroprevalence-survey-in-florence-italy
#10
Giovanni M Giammanco, Angela Bechini, Noemi Urone, Floriana Bonura, Sara Li Muli, Simona De Grazia, Irene Bellini, Emilia Tiscione, Sara Boccalini, Antonino Nastasi
OBJECTIVES: Periodical assessments of population susceptibility to polioviruses (PV) is essential for evaluating population protection and planning appropriate vaccination strategies. The aim of the current work was to assess serological protective titers against all three polioviruses in the general population of Florence. METHODS: A convenience sample of 328 sera, collected in 2009 in Florence (Central Italy) was analyzed. Samples were considered protective if neutralizing antibodies were detected at dilutions ≥1:8, according to the WHO protocols...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771574/is-adding-maternal-vaccination-to-prevent-whooping-cough-cost-effective-in-australia
#11
Laure-Anne Van Bellinghen, Alex Dimitroff, Michael Haberl, Xiao Li, Andrew Manton, Karen Moeremans, Nadia Demarteau
Pertussis or whooping cough, a highly infectious respiratory infection, causes significant morbidity and mortality in infants. In adolescents and adults, pertussis presents with atypical symptoms often resulting in under-diagnosis and under-reporting, increasing the risk of transmission to more vulnerable groups. Maternal vaccination against pertussis protects mothers and newborns. This evaluation assessed the cost-effectiveness of adding maternal dTpa (reduced antigen diphtheria, Tetanus, acellular pertussis) vaccination to the 2016 nationally-funded pertussis program (DTPa [Diphtheria, Tetanus, acellular Pertussis] at 2, 4, 6, 18 months, 4 years and dTpa at 12-13 years) in Australia...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769062/seroprevalence-of-hiv-htlv-cmv-hbv-and-rubella-virus-infections-in-pregnant-adolescents-who-received-care-in-the-city-of-bel%C3%A3-m-par%C3%A3-northern-brazil
#12
Aubaneide Batista Guerra, Leonardo Quintão Siravenha, Rogério Valois Laurentino, Rosimar Neris Martins Feitosa, Vânia Nakauth Azevedo, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto, Ricardo Ishak, Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado
BACKGROUND: Prenatal tests are important for prevention of vertical transmission of various infectious agents. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), rubella virus and vaccination coverage against HBV in pregnant adolescents who received care in the city of Belém, Pará, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 324 pregnant adolescents from 2009 to 2010...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769034/demand-side-determinants-of-timely-vaccination-of-oral-polio-vaccine-in-social-mobilization-network-areas-of-core-group-polio-project-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#13
Manojkumar Choudhary, Roma Solomon, Jitendra Awale, Rina Dey
BACKGROUND: Children who receive all doses of scheduled vaccines reduce their susceptibility to vaccine-preventable diseases. In India, full immunization coverage has increased significantly. However, only a small proportion of children are immunized on time. Globally, studies on factors affecting coverage of childhood immunization have found a significant impact by demand and supply-side determinants. This paper explores the demand-side determinants of timely immunization of the third dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV3) among children aged 6-11 months in the catchment areas of CORE Group Polio Project India...
May 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768311/impact-of-provider-participation-in-aco-programs-on-preventive-care-services-patient-experiences-and-health-care-expenditures-in-us-adults-aged-18-64
#14
Young-Rock Hong, Kalyani Sonawane, Samantha Larson, Arch G Mainous, Nicole M Marlow
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of accountable care organization (ACO) on US adults aged 18-64. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether having a usual source of care (USC) provider participating in an ACO affects receipt of preventive care services, patient experiences, and health care expenditures among nonelderly Americans. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of the 2015 Medical Organizations Survey linked with the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
May 15, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767756/influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-us-children-from-2004-2005-to-2015-2016
#15
Changwei Tian, Hua Wang, Wenming Wang, Xiaoming Luo
Background: Quantify the influenza vaccine coverage is essential to identify emerging concerns and to immunization programs for targeting interventions. Methods: Data from National Health Interview Survey were used to estimate receipt of at least one dose of influenza vaccination among children 6 months to 17 years of age. Results: Influenza vaccination coverage increased from 16.70% during 2004/2005 to 49.43% during 2015/2016 (3.18% per year, P < 0...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767739/efficacy-immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-9-valent-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-subgroup-analysis-of-participants-from-asian-countries
#16
S M Garland, P Pitisuttithum, H Y S Ngan, C-H Cho, C-Y Lee, C-A Chen, Y C Yang, T-Y Chu, N-F Twu, R Samakoses, Y Takeuchi, T H Cheung, S C Kim, L-M Huang, B-G Kim, Y-T Kim, K-H Kim, Y-S Song, S Lalwani, J-H Kang, M Sakamoto, H-S Ryu, N Bhatla, H Yoshikawa, M C Ellison, S R Han, E Moeller, S Murata, M Ritter, M Sawata, C Shields, A Walia, G Perez, A Luxembourg
Background: A 9-valent human papillomavirus-6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58 (9vHPV) vaccine extends coverage to 5 next most common oncogenic types (31/33/45/52/58) in cervical cancer versus quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccine. We describe efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety in Asian participants (India, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand) from 2 international studies: a randomized, double-blinded, qHPV vaccine-controlled efficacy study (young women aged 16-26 years; NCT00543543; Study 001); and an immunogenicity study (girls and boys aged 9-15 years; NCT00943722; Study 002)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765775/potential-impact-of-introducing-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-into-national-immunisation-programmes-an-economic-epidemiological-analysis-using-data-from-india
#17
Itamar Megiddo, Eili Klein, Ramanan Laxminarayan
Pneumococcal pneumonia causes an estimated 105 000 child deaths in India annually. The planned introduction of the serotype-based pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is expected to avert child deaths, but the high cost of PCV relative to current vaccines provided under the Universal Immunization Programme has been a concern. Cost-effectiveness studies from high-income countries are not readily comparable because of differences in the distribution of prevalent serotypes, population and health systems. We extended IndiaSim, our agent-based simulation model representative of the Indian population and health system, to model the dynamics of Streptococcus pneumoniae ...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764679/association-between-provider-recommendation-and-influenza-vaccination-status-among-children
#18
Katherine E Kahn, Tammy A Santibanez, Yusheng Zhai, Carolyn B Bridges
BACKGROUND: Provider recommendation is associated with influenza vaccination receipt. The objectives of this study were to estimate the percentage of children 6 months-17 years for whom a provider recommendation for influenza vaccination was received, identify factors associated with receipt of provider recommendation, and evaluate the association between provider recommendation and influenza vaccination status among children. METHODS: National Immunization Survey-Flu (NIS-Flu) parentally reported data for the 2013-14, 2014-15, and 2015-16 seasons were analyzed...
May 12, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763458/immunity-levels-to-poliovirus-in-lao-children-and-adults-before-the-vaccine-derived-poliovirus-outbreak-a-retrospective-study
#19
Maude Pauly, Antony P Black, Phonepaseuth Khampanisong, Phonethipsavanh Nouanthong, Judith M Hübschen, Naphavanh Nanthavong, Kong Sayasinh, Prapan Jutavijittum, Bounthome Samountry, Anonh Xeuatvongsa, Sabine Diedrich, Claude P Muller
In 2015, several provinces in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) experienced a vaccine-derived poliovirus outbreak. This survey was conducted (i) to evaluate the vaccination coverage in different settings and cohorts using the seroprevalence of anti-poliovirus (PV) antibodies as a surrogate measure, and (ii) to explore the usefulness of an ELISA in a country with limited resources and a specific epidemiological setting. IgG antibodies were assessed by ELISA in Lao children (n = 1216) and adults (n = 1228), including blood donors and health care workers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757707/universal-rotavirus-vaccination-program-in-sicily-reduction-in-health-burden-and-cost-despite-low-vaccination-coverage
#20
Claudio Costantino, Vincenzo Restivo, Fabio Tramuto, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale
Rotavirus is considered the main cause of severe gastroenteritis and nosocomial infections in Pediatric units, especially during late winter and early spring season in temperate region. In 2013 Sicilian Region, for the first time in Italy, introduced universal Rotavirus vaccination. This study aims to estimate health and economic impact on rotavirus Gastroenteritis (RVGE) among children aged 0-59 months in Sicily, after rotavirus vaccine introduction. We analyzed hospital discharge records including a diagnosis of RVGE occurred from 1st January 2009 to 31st December 2016 among hospitalized children aged 0 to 59 months, residents in Sicily...
May 14, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
keyword
keyword
21364
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"