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Vaccine coverage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#1
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228490/short-read-whole-genome-sequencing-for-laboratory-based-surveillance-of-bordetella-pertussis
#2
Alex Marchand-Austin, Raymond S W Tsang, Jennifer L Guthrie, Jennifer H Ma, Gillian Lim, Natasha S Crowcroft, Shelley L Deeks, David J Farrell, Frances B Jamieson
Bordetella pertussis (BP) is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes respiratory infections in humans. Ongoing molecular surveillance of BP acellular vaccine (aP) antigens is critical for understanding the interaction between evolutionary pressures, disease pathogenesis, and vaccine effectiveness. Methods currently used to characterize aP components are relatively labour intensive and low throughput. To address this challenge, we sought to derive aP antigen genotypes from minimally processed short-read whole genome sequencing data generated from 40 clinical BP isolates and analyzed using the SRST2 bioinformatic package...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226046/analysis-of-adverse-events-following-immunization-caused-by-immunization-errors
#3
Lúcia Helena Linheira Bisetto, Suely Itsuko Ciosak
Objective: to analyze adverse events following immunization (AEFI) caused by immunization error in the state of Paraná, Brazil, from 2003 to 2013. Method: this is a descriptive, documental, retrospective, and quantitative research using secondary data from the Adverse Event Following Immunization Information System and the Immunization Program Evaluation System. We included cases confirmed and/or associated with different types of vaccines. For the analysis, we collected frequencies and incidence rates, and used simple linear regression models with Student's t-test...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222722/a-longitudinal-study-on-determinants-of-hpv-vaccination-uptake-in-parents-guardians-from-different-ethnic-backgrounds-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#4
Catharina J Alberts, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Yvonne Hazeveld, Hester E de Melker, Marcel F van der Wal, Astrid Nielen, Fatima El Fakiri, Maria Prins, Theo G W M Paulussen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage in the Netherlands is low (~60%) compared to other childhood vaccinations (>90%), and even lower among ethnic minorities. The aim of this study was to explore the possible impact of ethnicity on the determinants of both HPV vaccination intention and HPV vaccination uptake among parents/guardians having a daughter that is invited for the HPV vaccination. METHODS: In February 2014, parents/guardians living in Amsterdam were invited to complete a questionnaire about social-psychological determinants of their decision making process regarding the HPV vaccination of their daughter and socio-demographic characteristics...
February 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222123/deriving-effective-vaccine-allocation-strategies-for-pandemic-influenza-comparison-of-an-agent-based-simulation-and-a-compartmental-model
#5
Özden O Dalgıç, Osman Y Özaltın, William A Ciccotelli, Fatih S Erenay
Individuals are prioritized based on their risk profiles when allocating limited vaccine stocks during an influenza pandemic. Computationally expensive but realistic agent-based simulations and fast but stylized compartmental models are typically used to derive effective vaccine allocation strategies. A detailed comparison of these two approaches, however, is often omitted. We derive age-specific vaccine allocation strategies to mitigate a pandemic influenza outbreak in Seattle by applying derivative-free optimization to an agent-based simulation and also to a compartmental model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219461/evaluating-the-impact-of-pharmacies-on-pandemic-influenza-vaccine-administration
#6
Joy Schwerzmann, Samuel B Graitcer, Barbara Jester, David Krahl, Daniel Jernigan, Carolyn B Bridges, Joseph Miller
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to quantify the potential retail pharmacy vaccine administration capacity and its possible impact on pandemic influenza vaccine uptake. METHODS: We developed a discrete event simulation model by use of ExtendSim software (Imagine That Inc, San Jose, CA) to forecast the potential effect of retail pharmacy vaccine administration on total weekly vaccine administration and the time needed to reach 80% vaccination coverage with a single dose of vaccine per person...
February 21, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219454/the-characterization-of-bordetella-pertussis-strains-isolated-in-the-central-western-region-of-brazil-suggests-the-selection-of-a-specific-genetic-profile-during-2012-2014-outbreaks
#7
E L Rocha, D Leite, C H Camargo, L M Martins, R S N Silva, V P Martins, T A Campos
Pertussis is a worldwide acute respiratory disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Despite high vaccine coverage, the bacterium continues to circulate in populations and is still one of the most common vaccine-preventable diseases. In Brazil, pertussis incidence has presented a significant decrease since 1990 but since 2011 a sudden increase in incidence has been observed. Thus, the aim of this study was to perform a molecular epidemiological characterization of B. pertussis strains isolated in the Central-Western region (specifically in Distrito Federal) of Brazil from August 2012 to August 2014...
February 21, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216380/a-population-based-analysis-of-predictors-of-influenza-vaccination-uptake-in-pregnant-women-the-effect-of-gestational-and-calendar-time
#8
Luz Maria Vilca, Aman Verma, David Buckeridge, Magda Campins
Pregnant women are vaccinated against influenza less frequently than other high-risk groups. To design effective vaccination strategies, we must understand how decisions regarding vaccination may vary by trimester and over vaccination campaigns. We used a Cox model indexed by calendar time to estimate the effect of gestational trimester and other factors on vaccination uptake in a large cohort of pregnant women in Catalonia (Spain) during 2008-09 to 2012-13 influenza vaccination campaigns. We analyzed 247,316 pregnancies...
February 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216190/evaluation-of-two-vaccine-education-interventions-to-improve-pertussis-vaccination-among-pregnant-african-american-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jennifer L Kriss, Paula M Frew, Marielysse Cortes, Fauzia A Malik, Allison T Chamberlain, Katherine Seib, Lisa Flowers, Kevin A Ault, Penelope P Howards, Walter A Orenstein, Saad B Omer
BACKGROUND: Vaccination coverage with tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine in pregnancy or immediately postpartum has been low. Limited data exist on rigorously evaluated interventions to increase maternal vaccination, including Tdap. Tailored messaging based on the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM) framework has been successful in improving uptake of some public health interventions. We evaluated the effect of two ELM-based vaccine educational interventions on Tdap vaccination among pregnant African American women, a group of women who tend to have lower vaccine uptake compared with other groups...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216189/rotavirus-immunization-global-coverage-and-local-barriers-for-implementation
#10
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Ilaria Liguoro, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Samir Podder, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216188/rationale-and-support-for-a-one-health-program-for-canine-vaccination-as-the-most-cost-effective-means-of-controlling-zoonotic-rabies-in-endemic-settings
#11
REVIEW
Robert P Lavan, Alasdair I MacG King, David J Sutton, Kaan Tunceli
Although dog vaccination has been demonstrated to reduce and eliminate rabies in humans, during meetings there are often calls for further pilot studies. The assembled data proves that a widespread approach is now required. While zoonotic rabies has a minimal presence in developed nations, it is endemic throughout most of Asia and Africa, where it is considered to be a neglected tropical disease. In these areas, rabies causes an estimated annual mortality of at least 55,000 human deaths. Worldwide rabid dogs are the source of the vast majority of human rabies exposures...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216186/demographics-epidemiology-and-the-impact-of-vaccination-campaigns-in-a-measles-free-world-can-elimination-be-maintained
#12
J M Prada, C J E Metcalf, S Takahashi, J Lessler, A J Tatem, M Ferrari
INTRODUCTION: All six WHO regions currently have goals for measles elimination by 2020. Measles vaccination is delivered via routine immunization programmes, which in most sub-Saharan African countries reach children around 9months of age, and supplementary immunization activities (SIAs), which target a wider age range at multi-annual intervals. In the absence of endemic measles circulation, the proportion of individuals susceptible to measles will gradually increase through accumulation of new unvaccinated individuals in each birth cohort, increasing the risk of an epidemic...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215120/strategies-and-actions-of-multi-purpose-health-communication-on-vaccine-preventable-infectious-diseases-in-order-to-increase-vaccination-coverage-in-the-population-the-esculapio-project
#13
Angela Bechini, Paolo Bonanni, Sara Lauri, Emilia Tiscione, Miriam Levi, Rosa Prato, Francesca Fortunato, Domenico Martinelli, Roberto Gasparini, Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Rosa Cristina Coppola, Barbara Pellizzari, Garden Tabacchi, Claudio Costantino, Francesco Vitale, Stefania Iannazzo, Sara Boccalini
The ESCULAPIO Project aims at increasing awareness on vaccine preventable infectious diseases (VPID) and vaccinations in different target populations and to spread the culture of prevention. Information/training interventions on VPID have been developed and health promotion activities for the general population, students and their parents, teachers and health care workers (HCWs) were set up. In Tuscany, educational courses on VPID in high schools were organized and students were stimulated to prepare informative materials on VPID for lower grade school pupils...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214912/-the-active-offering-of-measles-rubella-and-mumps-vaccine-in-new-mothers-the-experience-of-health-facilities-in-one-of-the-local-health-unit-of-rome-lazio-italy
#14
Viviana Santoro, Valentina Pettinicchio, Andreina Lancia, Cristiana Vazzoler, Francesca De Luca, Elisabetta Franco
Rubella is a contagious disease that can be very serious, especially in unvaccinated pregnant women. The best way to be protected is getting vaccinated: MMR vaccine is very effective at protecting people against measles, mumps, and rubella, and preventing the complications caused by these diseases. According to PASSI 2012-2015 (the Italian behavioral risk factor surveillance system) in the territory of ex ASL Roma C only 56% of women between 18 and 49 years were immunized against rubella, thanks to vaccination (34%) or past infection detected by rubeotest (22%); 2% was susceptible and 42% of respondents did not know their immune status against rubella...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214189/economic-assessment-of-rotavirus-vaccination-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Amal Y A Al-Aidaroos, Baudouin Standaert, Kinga Meszaros, Atef M Shibl
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), rotavirus universal mass vaccination has been introduced in 2013, however, there is limited information available on the economic benefit and the epidemiological impact of the programme to date. We used a Markov cohort model to evaluate and compare the economic value of rotavirus vaccination with no vaccination in a birth cohort of 562,428 infants. This lifetime analysis considered the societal perspective. Model input was obtained through consensus of local experts after two rounds of evaluation of the proposed estimates...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214181/-adult-immunisation-general-points-hot-topics-and-perspectives
#16
P Loubet, O Launay
Vaccination in immunocompetent adult mainly concerns booster vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus, polio and pertussis. Some chronic diseases may also require the achievement of pneumococcal and influenza vaccines. In addition, from the age of 65, annual influenza vaccination as well as one dose of a live attenuated shingles vaccine between 64 and 75 years are recommended. Immunocompromised adults, due to the increased risk of serious infections responsible of significant morbidity and mortality, are particularly concerned by vaccination...
February 14, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209436/is-colombia-reaching-the-goals-on-infant-immunization-coverage-a-quantitative-survey-from-80-municipalities
#17
Javier Narváez, May Bibiana Osorio, Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela, Nelson Alvis Zakzuk, Natalia Cediel, Luz Ángela Chocontá-Piraquive, Fernando de La Hoz-Restrepo
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the coverage of the Colombian Expanded Program on Immunization among children less than 6years old, to evaluate the timeliness of immunization, to assess the coverage of newly introduced vaccines, and to identify factors associated with lack of immunization. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 80 municipalities of Colombia, using a two-stage cluster random sampling. We attempted to contact all children less than 6years old living in the sampled blocks, and asked their caregivers to provide immunization record cards...
February 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209248/communication-technologies-to-improve-hpv-vaccination-initiation-and-completion-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Diane B Francis, Joan R Cates, Kyla P Garrett Wagner, Tracey Zola, Jenny E Fitter, Tamera Coyne-Beasley
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review examines the effectiveness of communication technology interventions on HPV vaccination initiation and completion. METHODS: A comprehensive search strategy was used to identify existing randomized controlled trials testing the impact of computer-, mobile- or internet-based interventions on receipt of any dose of the HPV vaccine. Twelve relevant studies were identified with a total of 38,945 participants. RESULTS: The interventions were delivered using several different methods, including electronic health record (i...
February 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207888/effect-of-the-different-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccination-uptakes-on-the-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-children-analysis-of-a-hospital-based-and-population-based-surveillance-study-in-madrid-spain-2007-2015
#19
Juan Picazo, Jesús Ruiz-Contreras, Juan Casado-Flores, Sagrario Negreira, Fernando Baquero, Teresa Hernández-Sampelayo, Enrique Otheo, Cristina Méndez
In the Community of Madrid, the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) replaced the 7-valent (PCV7) in the fully government-funded Regional Immunization Program (RIP) in May, 2010, but was later excluded in May, 2012, and included again in January, 2015. These unique changes allowed us to assess the impact of the different pneumococcal vaccination policies on PCV13 uptake in infants and on the incidence rate (IR) of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children <15 years old. In this prospective, active, surveillance study, we estimated PCV13 uptakes, IR and incidence rate ratios (IRR) for total IPD and for IPD caused by PCV13- and non-PCV13 serotypes in children <15 years, stratified by age, in four periods with different vaccination policies: fully government-funded PCV7 vaccination, fully government-funded PCV13, mixed public/private funding and only private funding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202001/factors-affecting-the-implementation-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#20
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination coverage. In Nigeria, numerous communication approaches have been deployed but these interventions are not without challenges. We therefore aimed to explore factors affecting the delivery of vaccination communication in Nigeria. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach and conducted the study in two states: Bauchi and Cross River States in northern and southern Nigeria respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
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