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Digital breast tomosynthesis

Francesca Caumo, Giovanna Romanucci, Kylie Hunter, Manuel Zorzi, Silvia Brunelli, Petra Macaskill, Nehmat Houssami
BACKGROUND: The Verona population-based breast cancer (BC) screening program provides biennial mammography to women aged 50-69 years. Based on emerging evidence of enhanced detection, the program transitioned to digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) screening. METHODS: This is a prospective pilot evaluation of DBT with synthesised 2D mammography screening implemented during April 2015-March 2017; the rate and characteristics of cancers detected at DBT screening were compared with those detected at the preceding digital mammography (DM) screening round (April 2013-March 2015) in the same screening program...
March 20, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Namita Mohindra, Zafar Neyaz, Vinita Agrawal, Gaurav Agarwal, Prabhakar Mishra
Context: Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is a new development in mammography technology which reduces the effect of overlapping tissue. Aims: The aim is to interrogate whether addition of DBT to digital mammography (DM) helps in better characterization of mammographic abnormalities in breast cancer patients in general and in different breast compositions. Settings and Design: Retrospective, analytical cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods: Mammographic findings in 164 patients with 170 pathologically proven lesions were evaluated by using first DM alone and thereafter with addition of DBT to DM...
January 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
John W Garrett, Yinsheng Li, Ke Li, Guang-Hong Chen
PURPOSE: Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has been shown to somewhat alleviate the breast tissue overlapping issues of two dimensional (2D) mammography.However, the improvement in current DBT systems over mammography is still limited.Statistical image reconstruction (SIR) methods have the potential to reduce through-plane artifacts in DBT, and thus may be used to further reduce anatomical clutter. The purpose of this work was to study the impact of SIR on anatomical clutter in the reconstructed DBT image volumes...
March 15, 2018: Medical Physics
Adem Polat, Isa Yildirim
BACKGROUND: Iterative image reconstruction in Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT) is a developing modality that produces three-dimensional (3D) reconstructed images of a breast to detect suspicious lesions. Algebraic reconstruction technique (ART), one of the iterative image reconstruction methods, was applied to reconstruct 3D data of breast and is becoming as one alternative method for the conventional image reconstruction techniques such as filtered back projection (FBP) in DBT imaging...
February 27, 2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Solveig Hofvind, Tone Hovda, Åsne S Holen, Christoph I Lee, Judy Albertsen, Hilde Bjørndal, Siri H B Brandal, Randi Gullien, Jon Lømo, Daehoon Park, Linda Romundstad, Pål Suhrke, Einar Vigeland, Per Skaane
Purpose To compare the performance of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and two-dimensional synthetic mammography (SM) with that of digital mammography (DM) in a population-based mammographic screening program. Materials and Methods In this prospective cohort study, data from 37 185 women screened with DBT and SM and from 61 742 women screened with DM as part of a population-based screening program in 2014 and 2015 were included. Early performance measures, including recall rate due to abnormal mammographic findings, rate of screen-detected breast cancer, positive predictive value of recall, positive predictive value of needle biopsy, histopathologic type, tumor size, tumor grade, lymph node involvement, hormonal status, Ki-67 level, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status were compared in women who underwent DBT and SM screening and in those who underwent DM screening by using χ2 tests, two-sample unpaired t tests, and tests of proportions...
March 1, 2018: Radiology
Debbie Lee Bennett, Gloria Merenda, Stephanie Schnepp, Mary Catherine Lowdermilk
Primary breast osteosarcoma is a rare malignancy, with mostly case reports in the literature. The appearance of breast osteosarcoma on digital breast tomosynthesis imaging has not yet been described. A 69-year-old woman presents for routine screening mammography and is found to have a calcified mass in her right breast. Pattern of calcification appeared "sunburst" on digital breast tomosynthesis images. This mass was larger than on the previous year's mammogram, at which time it had been interpreted as a benign calcified fibroadenoma...
December 2017: Radiology Case Reports
O Ortenzia, R Rossi, M Bertolini, A Nitrosi, C Ghetti
The aim of this article was to characterise the performance of four different digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) systems in terms of dose and image quality parameters. One of them, GE Pristina, has never been tested before. Average glandular doses were measured both in DBT and 2D full field digital mammography mode. Several phantoms were employed to perform signal difference to noise ratio, slice sensitivity profile, slice to slice incrementation, chest wall offset, z-axis geometry, artefact spread function, low contrast detectability, contrast detail evaluations, image uniformity and in-plane MTF in chest wall-nipple and in tube-travel directions...
February 15, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Daniel Förnvik, Masako Kataoka, Mami Iima, Akane Ohashi, Shotaro Kanao, Masakazu Toi, Kaori Togashi
OBJECTIVES: To compare breast density measured on digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) (BI-RADS-based breast composition and fully-automatic estimation) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (BI-RADS amount of fibroglandular tissue), and to evaluate the diagnostic performance in terms of sensitivity and specificity of DBT and MRI in a predominantly dense breast population. METHODS: Between 2015 and 2016, 152 women with 103 breast malignancies, who underwent 3-T breast MRI and DBT within 2 months' time, were enrolled in this study...
February 19, 2018: European Radiology
Sonja D Bahrs, Vanessa Otto, Valerie Hattermann, Bernhard Klumpp, Markus Hahn, Konstantin Nikolaou, Katja Siegmann-Luz
Background The limited sensitivity of mammography in case of a high breast density often produces unclear or false-positive findings, so-called BI-RADS 3 lesions, which have to be followed up to prove benignity. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) was developed to reduce such summation effects. Purpose To evaluate the influence of an additional DBT on the management of mammographic BI-RADS 3 findings and whether DBT can decrease the time to definitive diagnosis or not. Material and Methods We analyzed 87 patients with a mammographic non-calcified BI-RADS 3 lesion who underwent an additional DBT of the affected breast...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Connor Puett, Christina Inscoe, Yueh Z Lee, Otto Zhou, Jianping Lu
Stationary digital breast tomosynthesis (sDBT) is an emerging technology in which the single rotating x-ray tube is replaced by a fixed array of multiple carbon nanotube-enabled sources, providing a higher spatial and temporal resolution. As such, sDBT offers a promising platform for contrast-enhanced (CE) imaging. However, given the minimal enhancement above background with standard operational tube settings and iodine dosing, CE breast imaging requires additional acquisition steps to isolate the iodine signal, using either temporal or dual energy subtraction (TS or DES) protocols...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Per Skaane, Sofie Sebuødegård, Andriy I Bandos, David Gur, Bjørn Helge Østerås, Randi Gullien, Solveig Hofvind
PURPOSE: Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has the potential to overcome limitations of conventional mammography. This study investigated the effects of addition of DBT on interval and detected cancers in population-based screening. METHODS: Oslo Tomosynthesis Screening Trial (OTST) was a prospective, independent double-reading trial inviting women 50-69 years biennially, comparing full-field digital mammography (FFDM) plus DBT with FFDM alone. Performance indicators and characteristics of screen-detected and interval cancers were compared with two previous FFDM rounds...
February 10, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Mark C Murphy, Louise Coffey, Ailbhe C O'Neill, Cecily Quinn, Ruth Prichard, Sorcha McNally
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if the synthetic C view acquired at digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) would give adequate information to confirm a malignancy and could obviate the need to review all the tomosynthesis image data set. METHODS: All patients with biopsy-proven breast cancer recalled from screening mammograms between May and September 2016 were included for review. For each patient, the screening 2D mammogram, the synthetic C view, and the DBT images were reviewed by three breast radiologists and each assigned a BIRADS code...
February 9, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Christiane K Kuhl, Annika Keulers, Kevin Strobel, Hannah Schneider, Nadine Gaisa, Simone Schrading
BACKGROUND: Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been reported to frequently result in false-positive diagnoses, limiting its positive predictive value (PPV). However, for PPV calculation, all nonmalignant tissue changes are equally considered false-positive, although the respective prognostic importance, and thus patient management implications, of different pathologies may well differ. We investigated the pathology of false-positive diagnoses made by MRI compared with radiographic (digital mammography/tomosynthesis [DM/DBT]) screening...
February 9, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
M J Michell, B Batohi
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is a modified mammographic technique that overcomes some of the limitations of full-field digital mammography (2DDM) by eliminating the effect of overlapping breast tissue. In the UK, DBT is utilised in both the symptomatic setting and in breast screening assessment clinics. A literature search was conducted from 2010-2017 to ensure that the most recent developments in DBT technology, clinical applications, and assessment of its usefulness in breast screening were reviewed...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Radiology
Leslie R Lamb, Manisha Bahl, Kevin S Hughes, Constance D Lehman
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to compare the pathologic upgrade rates of high-risk breast lesions (HRLs) on digital two-dimensional mammography (DM) vs digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). STUDY DESIGN: The study cohort was composed of patients with HRLs diagnosed by image-guided core needle biopsy from December 2007 to February 2011 (DM group, before DBT integration) and from January 2013 to March 2016 (DBT group, after complete DBT integration). Medical records were reviewed for surgical outcomes and follow-up imaging...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Emily B Ambinder, Susan C Harvey, Babita Panigrahi, Ximin Li, Ryan W Woods
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the screening performance of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) combined with synthesized mammography (SM) vs combined with full-field digital mammography (FFDM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all screening studies utilizing FFDM + DBT (n = 7845) and SM + DBT (n = 14,776) between April 1, 2013, and February 15, 2016. Recall rate, biopsy rate, positive predictive value 1 (PPV1), positive predictive value 3 (PPV3), and cancer detection rate (CDR) were compared between the two groups...
January 25, 2018: Academic Radiology
Jakob Neubauer, Claudia Neubauer, Julia Wicklein, Thomas Mertelmeier, Marisa Windfuhr-Blum, Mathias Langer
PURPOSE:  To compare ratings regarding the depiction, diagnostic accuracy and lesion characterization of conventional synthesized mammography (SM), multiple angulated mammography reconstructions (INSIGHT3D), and standard stack reconstructions in digital breast tomosynthesis for microcalcifications. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  This is a retrospective, multicase, multireader study. We included patients with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), microcalcifications and histology over a period of four months in our institution and the same number of normal cases...
February 1, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Gezheng Wen, Mia K Markey, Tamara Miner Haygood, Subok Park
Model observers are widely used in task-based assessments of medical image quality. The presence of multiple abnormalities in a single set of images, such as in multifocal multicentric breast cancer (MFMC), has an immense clinical impact on treatment planning and survival outcomes. Detecting multiple breast tumors is challenging as MFMC is relatively uncommon, and human observers do not know the number or locations of tumors a priori. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), in which an x-ray beam sweeps over a limited angular range across the breast, has the potential to improve the detection of multiple tumors...
January 29, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Gezheng Wen, Ho-Chang Chang, Jacob Reinhold, Joseph Y Lo, Mia K Markey
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) acquires a series of projection images from different angles as an x-ray source rotates around the breast. Such imaging geometry lends DBT naturally to stereoscopic viewing as two projection images with a reasonable separation angle can easily form a stereo pair. This simulation study assessed the efficacy of stereo viewing of DBT projection images. Three-dimensional computational breast phantoms with realistically shaped synthetic lesions were scanned by three simulated DBT systems...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Tatjana Samardzic, Jon Lømo, Per Skaane
Desmoid tumor of the breast is a rare benign entity that usually is mistaken for carcinoma clinically and radiologically. We report two cases of desmoid tumor of the breast detected by mammography screening using digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). The larger tumor was detected at both full-field digital mammography (FFDM) and DBT. The smaller desmoid tumor, however, was identified only at tomosynthesis. Mammographic and ultrasonographic findings at diagnostic work-up were consistent with carcinoma of the breast...
January 2018: Acta Radiologica Open
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