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Mycobacterium avium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809146/mycobacterium-talmoniae-sp-nov-a-slowly-growing-mycobacterium-isolated-from-human-respiratory-samples
#1
Rebecca M Davidson, Mary Ann DeGroote, Jamie L Marola, Sarah Buss, Victoria Jones, Michael R McNeil, Alison G Freifeld, L Elaine Epperson, Nabeeh A Hasan, Mary Jackson, Peter C Iwen, Max Salfinger, Michael Strong
A novel slowly growing, non-chromogenic species of the class Actinobacteria was isolated from a human respiratory sample in Nebraska, USA, in 2012. Analysis of the internal transcribed spacer sequence supported placement into the genus Mycobacterium with high sequence similarity to a previously undescribed strain isolated from a patient respiratory sample from Oregon, USA, held in a collection in Colorado, USA, in 2000. The two isolates were subjected to phenotypic testing and whole genome sequencing and found to be indistinguishable...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806745/persistent-mycobacteria-evade-an-antibacterial-program-mediated-by-phagolysosomal-tlr7-8-myd88-in-human-primary-macrophages
#2
Alexandre Gidon, Signe Elisabeth Åsberg, Claire Louet, Liv Ryan, Markus Haug, Trude Helen Flo
Pathogenic mycobacteria reside in macrophages where they avoid lysosomal targeting and degradation through poorly understood mechanisms proposed to involve arrest of phagosomal maturation at an early endosomal stage. A clear understanding of how this relates to host defenses elicited from various intracellular compartments is also missing and can only be studied using techniques allowing single cell and subcellular analyses. Using confocal imaging of human primary macrophages infected with Mycobacterium avium (Mav) we show evidence that Mav phagosomes are not arrested at an early endosomal stage, but mature to a (LAMP1+/LAMP2+/CD63+) late endosomal/phagolysosomal stage where inflammatory signaling and Mav growth restriction is initiated through a mechanism involving Toll-like receptors (TLR) 7 and 8, the adaptor MyD88 and transcription factors NF-κB and IRF-1...
August 14, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798178/draft-genome-sequence-of-mycobacterium-avium-11
#3
Michelle Yee, David Klinzing, Jun-Rong Wei, Martin Gengenbacher, Eric J Rubin, Jung-Yien Chien, Po-Ren Hsueh, Thomas Dick
Mycobacterium avium accounts for most lung disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). The lack of effective chemotherapy calls for the discovery of new drugs. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of M. avium 11, a clinical isolate used as a screening strain for NTM-focused drug discovery.
August 10, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793869/the-efficacy-safety-and-feasibility-of-inhaled-amikacin-for-the-treatment-of-difficult-to-treat-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-lung-diseases
#4
Kazuma Yagi, Makoto Ishii, Ho Namkoong, Takahiro Asami, Osamu Iketani, Takanori Asakura, Shoji Suzuki, Hiroaki Sugiura, Yoshitake Yamada, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Yohei Funatsu, Yoshifumi Uwamino, Tetsuro Kamo, Sadatomo Tasaka, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Naoki Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: In multidrug regimens, including an intravenous aminoglycoside (e.g. amikacin [AMK]) is recommended for difficult-to-treat non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung diseases. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and feasibility of inhaled AMK therapy in patients with difficult-to-treat NTM lung diseases in a retrospective chart review. METHODS: The study population consisted of patients with NTM lung diseases who received combination therapy, including inhaled AMK therapy, at Keio University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan), from January 2014 through May 2016...
August 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791872/mycobacterium-avium-complex-infection-and-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-remain-a-challenge-in-the-era-of-effective-antiretroviral-therapy
#5
Olivia C Smibert, Jason Trubiano, Gail B Cross, Jennifer Hoy
A 10-year review of disseminated MAC infection and MAC-Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) in HIV-positive patients (2004-2014) at a state-wide tertiary referral HIV service, demonstrates that despite advances in antiretroviral therapy, MAC infection remains a therapeutic challenge, particularly intra-abdominal disease.
August 9, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782649/comparison-of-methods-available-for-the-identification-of-mycobacterium-chimaera
#6
Emmanuel Lecorche, Sophie Haenn, Faiza Mougari, Sylvain Kumanski, Nicolas Veziris, Hanaa Benmansour, Laurent Raskine, Laurent Moulin, Emmanuelle Cambau
OBJECTIVES: Mycobacterium chimaera is a recently described nontuberculous mycobacterium belonging to the M. avium complex (MAC). Because this species is implicated in a worldwide outbreak due to contaminated heater-cooler unit water tanks during open-heart surgery, it becomes mandatory for clinical microbiology laboratories to be able to differentiate M. chimaera from the other MAC species, especially M. intracellulare. Such identification was so far restricted to specialized laboratories, since it required the analysis of several gene sequences...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782422/evaluation-of-a-pcr-assay-on-overgrown-individual-fecal-samples-cultured-for-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis
#7
Saray Rangel, Juan C Arango-Sabogal, Olivia Labrecque, Julie Paré, Julie-Hélène Fairbrother, Sébastien Buczinski, Jean-Philippe Roy, Geneviève Côté, Vincent Wellemans, Gilles Fecteau
Microbial overgrowth can interfere with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) growth and detection. We estimated the percentage of positive samples by PCR performed on the incubated media of individual fecal samples classified as non-interpretable (NI) by bacteriologic culture of liquid media. A total of 262 liquid cultures declared NI and 88 samples declared negative were included in the study. MAP DNA was detected in 7 NI samples (2.7%; 95% CI: 1.1-5.4%) and in 1 negative sample (1.1%; 95% CI: 0...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776521/epidemiological-and-laboratorial-profile-of-patients-with-isolation-of-nontuberculous-mycobacteria
#8
Heloisa Silveira Paro Pedro, Andréa Gobetti Vieira Coelho, Isabela Mazuco Mansur, Ana Carolina Chiou, Maria Izabel Ferreira Pereira, Naiara Cristina Ule Belotti, Manuela Galloy Sanches Ismael, Maria Rita de Cássia Oliveira Cury, Susilene Maria Tonelli Nardi, Érica Chimara
BACKGROUND: An increase in NTM diseases in the international scenario has been observed in recent years. AIMS: To analyze the epidemiological and laboratory profiles of patients with isolation of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) over one decade. A retrospective analysis of records of a mycobacterial reference laboratory found 135 cases with isolation of NTM. METHODS: Clinical and epidemiological data were collected from the records of government health clinics and from the State notification system (TBWEB)...
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765557/the-voltage-dependent-anion-channels-vdac-of-mycobacterium-avium-phagosome-are-associated-with-bacterial-survival-and-lipid-export-in-macrophages
#9
Lia Danelishvili, Jessica J J Chinison, Tuan Pham, Rashmi Gupta, Luiz E Bermudez
Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis is associated with infection of immunocompromised individuals as well as patients with chronic lung disease. M. avium infects macrophages and actively interfere with the host killing machinery such as apoptosis and autophagy. Bacteria alter the normal endosomal trafficking, prevent the maturation of phagosomes and modify many signaling pathways inside of the macrophage by secreting effector molecules into the cytoplasm. To investigate whether M. avium needs to attach to the internal surface of the vacuole membrane before releasing efferent molecules, vacuole membrane proteins were purified and binding to the surface molecules present in intracellular bacteria was evaluated...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756811/comparing-the-genotype-and-drug-susceptibilities-between-mycobacterium-avium-and-mycobacterium-intracellulare-in-china
#10
Hui Wen Zheng, Yu Pang, Guang Xue He, Yuan Yuan Song, Yan Lin Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Mycobacterium avium (M. avium) and Mycobacterium intracellulare (M. intracellulare) are the major causative agents of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM)-related pulmonary infections. However, little is known about the differences in drug susceptibility profiles between these two species. METHODS: A total of 393 NTM isolates were collected from Shanghai Pulmonary Disease Hospital. Sequencing of partial genes was performed to identify the strains at species level...
July 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755949/short-communication-passive-shedding-of-mycobacterium-avium-ssp-paratuberculosis-in-commercial-dairy-goats-in-brazil
#11
D G G Schwarz, M C Lima, M Barros, F L Valente, T M Scatamburlo, N Rosado, C T S A M Oliveira, L L Oliveira, M A S Moreira
Goat farming is a low-cost alternative to dairy production in developing countries. In Brazil, goat production has increased in recent years due in part to the implementation of programs encouraging this activity. Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of paratuberculosis, a disease that causes chronic granulomatous enteritis in ruminants, but MAP transmission dynamics are still poorly understood in goats. In a previously published study of our research group, 10 dairy goat farms (467 animals) from Minas Gerais state were analyzed for MAP detection; 2 fecal cultures and 11 milk samples tested positive for MAP by conventional PCR and were confirmed by sequencing...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751677/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-denmark-incidence-and-clinical-importance-during-the-last-quarter-century
#12
Thomas S Hermansen, Pernille Ravn, Erik Svensson, Troels Lillebaek
Disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is reported to increase due to an ageing population and a rise in the proportion of immunosuppressed patients. We did a retrospective cohort study of NTM-disease in the Danish population through a quarter-century to determine the disease burden and trends in annual incidence rates. 524,119 clinical specimens were cultured for mycobacteria from 1991 through 2015 at the International Reference Laboratory of Mycobacteriology in Denmark. Among these, 8,227 NTM strains were identified from 3,462 patients and distributed according to microbiological disease criteria...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748197/incidence-long-term-outcomes-and-healthcare-utilization-of-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-and-disseminated-mycobacterium-avium-complex-from-1992-2015
#13
Lauren F Collins, Meredith E Clement, Jason E Stout
BACKGROUND: Despite the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continue to develop late-stage complications including acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (DMAC), and death. METHODS: We performed an observational retrospective cohort study of HIV-infected adults who developed DMAC in the Duke University Health System from 1992 to 2015 to determine the incidence, long-term outcomes, and healthcare utilization of this population at high risk for poor outcomes...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748100/a-case-of-hypercalcaemia-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-with-mycobacterium-avium-intracellulare
#14
Christine E Parsons, Sujata Singh, Holly L Geyer
Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infection or colonization should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypercalcemia, especially in immunocompromised individuals, in the appropriate clinical context.
July 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721191/small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-mesenteric-abscess-caused-by-mycobacterium-avium-complex-in-an-hiv-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
S M Mohar, Saqib Saeed, Alexius Ramcharan, Hector Depaz
Small bowel obstruction in HIV patients is reportedly caused by inflammatory pseudotumor, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptococcal lymphadenopathy and intestinal tuberculosis. The incidence of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection in HIV patients is 3% for CD4 cell count of 100-199 /mm(3). MAC causing small bowel obstruction is rarely reported in the literature. We report a rare case of MAC causing mesenteric abscess with small bowel obstruction in a HIV patient with a CD4 cell count of 144 /mm(3). Patient was a 35-year-old HIV-positive male on highly active antiretroviral therapy who presented with partial small bowel obstruction secondary to mesenteric abscess...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719321/association-of-interferon-%C3%AE-receptor-1-gene-polymorphism-with-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-lung-infection-among-iranian-patients-with-pulmonary-disease
#16
Poopak Farnia, Jalaledin Ghanavi, Shima Saif, Parissa Farnia, Ali Akbar Velayati
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) cause significant pulmonary infections in humans. Researchers have reported an association between interferon-gamma receptor-1 (IFN-γR1 or IFNGR1) deficiency and susceptibility to NTM, but the relevance of polymorphism within these genes is not yet clear. In this study, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), T to C, at position-56 in NTM patients with pulmonary disease was investigated. Molecular identification of Mycobacterium isolates was performed with hsp65 genes using polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717306/prevalence-of-paratuberculosis-in-organized-and-unorganized-dairy-cattle-herds-in-west-bengal-india
#17
Jitendrakumar M Bhutediya, Premanshu Dandapat, Arijit Chakrabarty, Ratan Das, Pramod Kumar Nanda, Samiran Bandyopadhyay, Tapas Kumar Biswas
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence pattern of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, the causative agent of paratuberculosis or Johne's disease, in unorganized as well as organized cattle herds in West Bengal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four organized cattle farms with identical management practice in Nadia (n=3) and South 24 Parganas (n=1) districts and three unorganized cattle herds, one each from three districts, namely, Burdwan, North 24 Parganas, and Purba Midnapur, were selected randomly and screened for paratuberculosis by delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716203/testing-of-milk-replacers-for-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-by-pcr-and-bacterial-culture-as-a-possible-source-for-johne-s-disease-paratuberculosis-in-calves
#18
Johannes Lorenz Khol, Anna Lena Braun, Iva Slana, Petr Kralik, Thomas Wittek
Johne's disease (paratuberculosis) is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) and can lead to severe economic losses in the affected cattle herds. The transmission of the disease occurs mainly orally, by the ingestion of MAP, which is shed in the feces and milk of infected animals. Calves show a high susceptibility for the infection compared to adult animals. The use of milk replacers can, therefore, contribute to the prevention of the transmission of the disease to calves in MAP-positive herds by preventing the ingestion of the bacterium with milk from infected animals...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713782/characterization-and-differentiation-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-from-other-mycobacteria-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#19
Subbarao V Ravva, Leslie A Harden, Chester Z Sarreal
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), the causative agent of Johne's disease in cattle, is responsible for significant economic losses to the US dairy industry. The pathogen has also been associated with chronic human diseases like Crohn's disease, type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis. Determining causation requires rapid characterization and source tracking the pathogen. Here, we used matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry to characterize and differentiate strains of MAP from 14 other species of Mycobacterium from bovine, human, and environmental sources...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711261/the-effect-of-mycobacterium-avium-ssp-paratuberculosis-infection-on-clinical-mastitis-occurrence-in-dairy-cows
#20
G Rossi, Y T Grohn, Y H Schukken, R L Smith
Endemic diseases can be counted among the most serious sources of losses for livestock production. In dairy farms in particular, one of the most common diseases is Johne's disease, caused by Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Infection with MAP causes direct costs because it affects milk production, but it has also been suspected to increase the risk of clinical mastitis (CM) among infected animals. This might contribute to further costs for farmers. We asked whether MAP infection represents a risk factor for CM and, in particular, whether CM occurrences were more common in MAP-infected animals...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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