Read by QxMD icon Read

Mycobacterium avium

Amanda Bonalume Cordeiro de Morais, Carmen Alicia Daza Bolaños, Ana Carolina Alves, Cássia Yumi Ikuta, Gustavo Henrique Batista Lara, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Rogério Giuffrida, Fernando Paganini Listoni, Mateus de Souza Ribeiro Mioni, Rodrigo Garcia Motta, Shinji Takai, Márcio Garcia Ribeiro
Mycobacterium species and the virulence-associated proteins (vapA, vapB, and vapN genes) of Rhodococcus equi isolated from 330 lymph nodes of collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) and white-lipped peccaries (Tayassu pecari) intended for human consumption were investigated. Thirty-six (10.9%) R. equi strains were isolated; 3.3% (n = 11/330) were from white-lipped peccary lymph nodes, and 7.6% (25/330) were from collared peccary lymph nodes. Among the 11 isolates of R. equi from the white-lipped peccaries, 90...
March 15, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Andrew Bates, Rory O'Brien, Simon Liggett, Frank Griffin
BACKGROUND: Johne's disease is a major production limiting disease of dairy cows. The disease is chronic, progressive, contagious and widespread; there is no treatment and there is no cure. Economic losses arise from decreased productivity through reduced growth, milk yield and fertility and capital losses due to premature culling or death. This study attempts to address the effect of subclinical JD on milk production under New Zealand pastoral dairy farming conditions using a new testing approach...
March 14, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Denise C Hsu, Kimberly F Breglio, Luxin Pei, Chun-Shu Wong, Bruno B Andrade, Virginia Sheikh, Margery Smelkinson, Constantinos Petrovas, Adam Rupert, Leonardo Gil-Santana, Adrian Zelazny, Steven M Holland, Kenneth Olivier, Daniel Barber, Irini Sereti
Background: Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is an aberrant inflammatory response in individuals with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. The pathogenesis of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)-associated IRIS has not been fully elucidated. Methods: We investigated monocyte and CD4+ T-cell responses in vitro, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) expression in tissues, and plasma cytokines and inflammatory markers, in 13 HIV-infected patients with MAC-IRIS and 14 HIV-uninfected patients with pulmonary MAC infection...
March 10, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Wataru Hirose, Masayoshi Harigai, Takashi Uchiyama, Kenji Itoh, Toshiaki Ishizuka, Mitsuyo Matsumoto, Toshihiro Nanki
OBJECTIVES: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at an increased risk of Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease (MAC-PD). We aimed to identify factors associated with MAC-PD in RA patients, and investigate their clinical significance for diagnosis of this disease. METHODS: We examined 396 patients with RA for the presence of MAC-PD, using the criteria of the American Thoracic Society and conducted three years of follow-up on these patients. Multivariate logistic analyses were employed for selecting factors associated with MAC-PD...
March 13, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
Marco Bo, Magdalena Niegowska, Giannina Arru, Elia Sechi, Sara Mariotto, Chiara Mancinelli, Alessia Farinazzo, Daniela Alberti, Alberto Gajofatto, Sergio Ferrari, Ruggero Capra, Salvatore Monaco, GianPietro Sechi, Leonardo A Sechi
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the main environmental agent associated to neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Following to studies reporting an increased prevalence of antibodies against peptides derived from Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) homologous to EBV and human epitopes (MBP85-98 , IRF5424-434 ) in multiple sclerosis (MS), we investigated whether seroreactivity to these antigens display a NMOSD-specific pattern. The sera of 34 NMOSD patients showed elevated levels of antibodies against MAP and MBP compared to healthy controls (44% vs...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Hong-Tae Park, Hyun-Eui Park, Young-Hoon Jung, Han Sang Yoo
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a causative agent of Johne's disease or paratuberculosis (PTB), which is a chronic debilitating disease in ruminants, that is characterized by incurable enteritis and persistent diarrhea. ISMap02 is one of the major targets of PCR because it is present in multicopies (six copies) and known to be specific to MAP. However, in the present study, non-MAP mycobacteria were shown to be positive by ISMap02 targeting PCR. Two bacterial isolates (Sample ID: BO-038 and BO-042) were cultured from bovine fecal samples that produced positive results in three of two ISMap02 targeting PCR analyses with negative results in IS900 real-time PCR...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Laura Rindi, Nicoletta Lari, Carlo Garzelli
Background: Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis (MAH) is an environmental opportunistic pathogen for humans and swine worldwide; in humans, the vast majority of MAH infections is due to strains belonging to specific genotypes, such as the internal transcribed spacer (ITS)-sequevars Mav-A and Mav-B that mostly cause pulmonary infections in elderly patients and severe disseminated infections in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients, respectively. To test whether the different types of infections in distinct patients' populations might reflect a different virulence of the infecting genotypes, MAH human isolates, genotyped by ITS sequencing and MIRU-VNTR minisatellite analysis, were studied for the capacity to infect and replicate in human macrophages in vitro...
January 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Nelly Marquetoux, Rebecca Mitchell, Anne Ridler, Cord Heuer, Peter Wilson
This literature review of exposure to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in sheep enabled a synthesis of the patho-physiology of ovine paratuberculosis (PTB). These results could be used to inform subsequent modelling of ovine PTB. We reviewed studies of both experimental and natural exposure. They were generally comparable. Possible outcomes following exposure were latent infection, i.e. mere colonization without lesions; active infection, with inflammatory histopathology in the intestinal tissues resulting in mild disease and low faecal shedding; and affection, with severe intestinal pathology, reduced production, clinical signs and high faecal shedding...
March 7, 2018: Veterinary Research
Taher Azimi, Mohammad Javad Nasiri, Alireza Salimi Chirani, Ramin Pouriran, Hossein Dabiri
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a general term used for the ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD); in addition, IBD principally refers to a chronic disease of the gastrointestinal tract in which mediated by immune system. Consequently, IBD could progress in individuals who are genetically prone. Infections role in the development of inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract has been studied by quite many clinical studies; furthermore, the possible role of some pathogens in the development and exacerbation of the inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract have been described...
March 6, 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Mousumi Sarkar Saha, Shilpee Pal, Indrani Sarkar, Ayan Roy, Pradeep K Das Mohapatra, Arnab Sen
Mycobacterium is gram positive, slow growing, disease causing Actinobacteria. Beside potential pathogenic species, Mycobacterium also contains opportunistic pathogens as well as free living non-pathogenic species. Disease related various analyses on Mycobacterium tuberculosis are very widespread. However, genomic study of overall Mycobacterium species for understanding the selection pressure on genes as well as evolution of the organism is still illusive. MLSA and 16s rDNA based analysis has been generated for 241 Mycobacterium strains and a detailed analysis of codon and amino acid usage bias of mycobacterial genes, their functional analysis have been done...
February 28, 2018: Genomics
Bruno Cerqueira-Rodrigues, Ana Mendes, Margarida Correia-Neves, Claudia Nobrega
CD4+ T cells are essential players for the control of mycobacterial infections. Several mycobacterial antigens have been identified for eliciting a relevant CD4+ T cell mediated-immune response, and numerous studies explored this issue in the context of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Antigen 85 (Ag85), a highly conserved protein across Mycobacterium species, is secreted at the early phase of M. tuberculosis infection leading to the proliferation of Ag85-specific CD4+ T cells. However, in the context of Mycobacterium avium infection, little is known about the expression of this antigen and the elicited immune response...
2018: PloS One
Dorota Wyrostkiewicz, Monika Szturmowicz, Iwona Bartoszuk, Izabela Siemion-Szcześniak, Lilia Jakubowska, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Jan Kuś
Mycobacterial lung disease is caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), also known as atypical mycobacteria. NTM are widely distributed in the environment, particularly in soil and water; they may colonize the airways, gastrointestinal tract and genitourinary system, without the apparent signs of disease. Nevertheless, in some risk groups such as patients with chronic lung diseases or with immunodeficiency, mycobacterial lung disease is identified. Recently, increased recognition of mycobacterial lung disease in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients has been observed, especially in those treated with high doses of inhaled corticosteroids...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Yamato Sajiki, Satoru Konnai, Tomohiro Okagawa, Asami Nishimori, Naoya Maekawa, Shinya Goto, Ryoyo Ikebuchi, Reiko Nagata, Satoko Kawaji, Yumiko Kagawa, Shinji Yamada, Yukinari Kato, Chie Nakajima, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Shiro Murata, Yasuyuki Mori, Kazuhiko Ohashi
Johne's disease, caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis , is a bovine chronic infection endemic in Japan and many other countries. The expression of immunoinhibitory molecules is upregulated in cattle with Johne's disease, but the mechanism of immunosuppression is poorly understood. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) is immunosuppressive in humans, but few veterinary data are available. In this study, functional and kinetic analyses of PGE2 were performed to investigate the immunosuppressive effect of PGE2 during Johne's disease...
February 26, 2018: Infection and Immunity
Tiffany A Claeys, Richard T Robinson
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) include species that colonize human epithelia, as well as species that are ubiquitous in soil and aquatic environments. NTM that primarily inhabit soil and aquatic environments include the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC, M. avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare ) and the Mycobacterium abscessus complex (MABSC, M. abscessus subspecies abscessus , massiliense , and bolletii ), and can be free-living, biofilm-associated, or amoeba-associated. Although NTM are rarely pathogenic in immunocompetent individuals, those who are immunocompromised - due to either an inherited or acquired immunodeficiency - are highly susceptible to NTM infection (NTMI)...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Ascel Samba-Louaka, Etienne Robino, Thierry Cochard, Maxime Branger, Vincent Delafont, Willy Aucher, Wilfrid Wambeke, John P Bannantine, Franck Biet, Yann Héchard
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis is responsible for paratuberculosis in animals. This disease, leading to an inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, has a high impact on animal health and an important economic burden. The environmental life cycle of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis is poorly understood and several studies suggest that free-living amoebae (FLA) might be a potential environmental host. FLA are protozoa found in water and soil that are described as reservoirs of pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria in the environment...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Tatjana Adzic-Vukicevic, Aleksandra Barac, Ana Blanka-Protic, Marija Laban-Lazovic, Bojana Lukovic, Vesna Skodric-Trifunovic, Salvatore Rubino
INTRODUCTION: Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms associated with various infections. The aim of the study was to determine the most relevant clinical characteristics of NTM during the 7-year period. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective study of NTM infections was conducted between January 2009 and December 2016. The American Thoracic Society/Infectious Disease Society of America criteria were used to define cases of pulmonary or an extrapulmonary site...
February 23, 2018: Infection
Sara Blanco-Conde, Teresa Nebreda-Mayoral, Cristina Labayru-Echeverría, M Fe Brezmes-Valdivieso, Ramiro López-Medrano, Begoña Nogueira-González
INTRODUCTION: Lady Windermere syndrome (LWS) is a pulmonary disease caused by Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). The objective of this study is to ascertain its frequency and characteristics in the northern area of the autonomous community of Castile and León. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with MAC isolates in respiratory samples from five public hospitals in the autonomous community over a six-year period, following the ATS/IDSA criteria. The MAC strains were identified by GenoType Mycobacterium reverse hybridisation probes or PCR-RFLP analysis of the hsp65 gene...
February 19, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Rinko Katsuda, Shiomi Yoshida, Kazunari Tsuyuguchi, Tetsuji Kawamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Mark H Adelman, Doreen J Addrizzo-Harris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight recent original research and specialty society guidelines regarding the diagnosis and treatment of nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of NTM pulmonary disease has risen in recent years. The prevalence of individual NTM species varies geographically, although Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and Mycobacterium abscessus complex (MABC) remain among the most commonly encountered in many regions...
February 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Viran Jayanetti, Michael Rossiter-Thornton, Domit Azar, Clare L Fraser
Ethambutol is utilised in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The authors report two siblings who developed the adverse effect of ethambutol-induced optic chiasmopathy, with recovery following cessation of ethambutol. Discussion explores potential genetic predisposition to development of this condition and its resolution. Ethambutol optic neuropathy (EON), Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), and other optic neuropathies of mitochondrial origin share a common pathophysiology...
February 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"