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Atrial myxoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815190/giant-left-atrial-myxoma-masquerading-as-cough-syncope-syndrome
#1
Jennifer N Bowman, Jennifer M Treece, Pradnya Brijmohan Bhattad, Melania Bochis, Kailash Bajaj
Left atrial myxomas are the most common type of benign primary cardiac tumor. Patients can present with generalized symptoms, such as fatigue, symptoms from obstruction of the myxoma, or even embolization of the myxoma causing distal thrombosis. We describe a case with several-month duration of syncopal episodes that occurred after coughing and with exertion. Computed tomography of the chest showed a 6.1 cm by 4.5 cm mass in the left atrium, later evaluated with an echocardiogram. Cardiothoracic surgery removed the mass, and it was determined to be an atrial myxoma...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815189/a-case-of-pulmonary-vein-thrombosis-associated-with-treatment-of-omalizumab
#2
Sandhya Narukonda, Nagadarshini Ramagiri Vinod, Medha Joshi
Pulmonary vein thrombosis (PVT) is a challenging diagnosis and has been described in association with or as a complication of pulmonary tumors, lung surgeries, atrial myxoma, and after radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. There are not many reported cases of PVT associated with medication use. We present a case of a 53-year-old male with a history of severe persistent asthma on omalizumab, who presented with shortness of breath and was found to have PVT on computed tomography scan of the chest...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808511/large-endocardial-rheumatoid-nodules-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Allen Vantrease, Christopher Trabue, James Atkinson, Paul McNabb
Rheumatoid nodules occur frequently in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and are the most common cutaneous manifestation of the disease. Although uncommon, rheumatoid nodules may also occur on cardiac valves, where they may be large and clinically significant. They may embolize and cause stroke. They may cause regurgitant murmurs, or they may result in valvular destruction. Echocardiographically, they may mimic an atrial myxoma or appear as a vegetation. We present a patient with seronegative rheumatoid arthritis who developed an acute embolic stroke; he had peripheral stigmata of infective endocarditis on physical examination and echocardiography revealed a mitral valve vegetation...
July 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782131/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-associated-with-chronic-inflammation-arising-within-atrial-myxoma-aggressive-histologic-features-but-indolent-clinical-behaviour
#4
Jinhai Yan, Luo Donglan, Fen Zhang, Jiao He, Su Yao, Luo Xinlan, Fangping Xu, Yu Chen, Lingyi Fu, Jie Xu, Yanhui Liu
AIMS: Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is a rare neoplasm. PCL is fatal, unless it is diagnosed and treated early. Recently, a small number of cases of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) arising within atrial myxoma have been reported in immunocompetent patients and showed aggressive histologic features but an indolent clinical behaviour. METHODS AND RESULTS: We presented four unusual cases of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive DLBCL arising within atrial myxoma with detailed clinical, histologic, immunophenotypic and genotypic features in immunocompetent patients, and reviewed the literature for 11 similar cases...
August 7, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765487/huge-cardiac-myxoma-in-pregnancy
#5
Kuntharee Traisrisilp, Rungsrit Kanjanavanit, Noppon Taksaudom, Suraphong Lorsomradee
A 28-year-old pregnant woman presented at 28 weeks of gestation. She was diagnosed to have a left atrial myxoma 2 years earlier, but was lost to follow-up. During this pregnancy, the transthoracic echocardiography showed a 9 cm mass in the left atrium obstructing mitral valve inflow, interfering with mitral valve closure, causing severe mitral regurgitation and severe pulmonary hypertension. However, there were no clinical signs of pulmonary and systemic congestion or obstruction. Based on the clinical symptoms of the patient, the echocardiographic findings and the term of her pregnancy, the patient decided to schedule for a vaginal delivery with surgical correction after delivery...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762298/cardiac-myxoma-clinical-characteristics-surgical-intervention-intra-operative-challenges-and-outcome
#6
Mahmoud Abu Abeeleh, Suhayl Saleh, Emad Alhaddad, Moaath Alsmady, Musa Alshehabat, Zuhair Bani Ismail, Islam Massad, Amjad Bani Hani, Sami Abu Halaweh
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this retrospective study were to characterize the clinical presentation, diagnostic findings, surgical approaches, intra-operative challenges and complications following the surgical treatment of cardiac myxoma in two of the largest referral hospitals in Jordan. METHODS: Medical records of all patients presented to the cardiology department during the period between 1984 and 2016 were reviewed. Criteria for inclusion in the study were: (1) patients who were presented for cardiac evaluation due to symptoms suggestive of a primary cardiac problem, (2) completed medical records, including results of echocardiography suggestive of intra-cardiac occupying mass, (3) the surgical operation was undertaken and intra-operative data was available, (4) a histological diagnosis of myxoma was available and (5) the discharge status and follow-up data were available for at least 2 years after initial surgery...
July 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739621/lipoma-of-superior-vena-cava-a-rare-occurrence
#7
Ahsan Wahab, Siddique Chaudhary, Ahmad Munir, Susan Jane Smith
Most benign primary cardiac tumours are myxomas; non-myxomatous tumours are less common but comprise a wide variety. Cardiac lipoma is a rare non-myxomatous variety. A 70-year-old Caucasian woman with right breast cancer status postpartial mastectomy underwent surveillance MRI of the breast and was found to have a possible right atrial (RA) mass. She also reported frequent headaches and palpitations. She underwent a transoesophageal echocardiogram which showed a 2.6×1.6×1.6 cm echogenic mass at the superior vena cava (SVC) and RA junction...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725330/atrial-myxoma-mimicking-mitral-stenosis
#8
Michael Spartalis, Eleni Tzatzaki, Eleftherios Spartalis, Demetrios Moris, Antonios Athanasiou, Stamatios Kyrzopoulos, Dimitrios Tsiapras, Panagiotis Kalogris, Vassilis Voudris
Myxoma is the most common primary cardiac tumor and is usually located in the left atrium. Clinical manifestation relies in large part on the size, location, and architecture of the tumor. There are many reports in the literature of cardiac myxomas causing syncope, embolism, even myocardial infarction. We present a rare case of a patient who underwent urgent surgical resection of a large left atrial myxoma mimicking mitral stenosis. The postoperative course of the patient was uncomplicated. One year after surgery, the patient is asymptomatic and disease-free...
June 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720119/calcified-amorphous-tumor-of-the-heart-with-mitral-annular-calcification-a-case-report
#9
Ryo Nakamaru, Hiroki Oe, Katsuomi Iwakura, Takafumi Masai, Kenshi Fujii
BACKGROUND: Calcified amorphous tumor of the heart is a rare, non-neoplastic cardiac mass characterized by nodular calcium in the background of amorphous degenerating fibrinous material. Clinical diagnosis of calcified amorphous tumor can be difficult, and current single imaging techniques do not specifically differentiate calcified amorphous tumor from other cardiac tumors such as calcified atrial myxoma, calcified thrombi, or vegetation. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice for both symptom improvement and prevention of embolization, as well as for pathological diagnosis...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714424/an-unusual-case-of-exertional-dyspnea-atrial-myxoma-on-point-of-care-ultrasound
#10
Derek J Murray, Daniel J Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684131/pulmonary-thromboembolism-as-a-first-manifestation-of-atrial-myxoma
#11
Maria Climent, Ildefonso Furest, Eva Martínez Moragón
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671868/stemi-and-nstemi-acs-in-a-30-year-old-patient-an-extremely-rare-complication-of-a-left-atrial-myxoma
#12
Francesco Bartolomucci, Antonio Tito, Eliano Pio Navarese, Fortunato Iacovelli, Marco Mele, Claudio Larosa, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Mauro Cassese, Martino Pepe
Primary cardiac tumors are a rare entity whose incidence in the general population ranges from 0.0017% to 0.28%. Myxomas represent nearly half of all primary benign cardiac tumors and they prevalently affect female patients. Embolic manifestation is rare with a reported incidence of 0.06%.We present the case of a 30-year-old male patient with acute anterolateral infarction caused by total occlusion of the left anterior descending artery as a consequence of a left atrial myxoma embolization. Urgent surgical resection of the mass didn't avoid early recurrence of atrial myxoma, whose second presentation was again myocardial infarction...
June 30, 2017: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670782/a-rare-cause-of-severe-mitral-stenosis-and-reversible-pulmonary-hypertension
#13
Margarida Pujol-López, Rodolfo San Antonio, Eduardo J Flores-Umanzor, Eduard Guasch, Manel Azqueta
Myxoma is a rare cause of severe mitral stenosis. We describe a challenging case of severe mitral stenosis and reversible pulmonary hypertension produced by a giant left atrial myxoma. The greatest risk is a diagnostic delay due to focus on discarding a pulmonary etiology of dyspnea. Physical examination and early echocardiographic assessment are the keys to avoid overlooking this uncommon pathology.
July 3, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641192/obstructive-neonatal-atrial-myxoma
#14
Federica Iezzi, Andrea Quarti, Alessandro Capestro, Marco Pozzi
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac myxoma is a benign neoplasm representing the most common primary cardiac tumor in adults, however it is unusual in neonates. It is represented by an endocardial mass that occupies the cardiac chamber. Although the majority of myxomas are attached to the fossa ovalis of the interatrial septum, they also attach to the walls of the cardiac chambers and to valve leaflets surfaces. Approximately 75% of myxomas are found in the left atrium, 20% are located in the right atrium, and rarely in the ventricles...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598054/right-atrial-myxoma
#15
Varun Nivargi, Manuel Durairaj, Chandrashekhar Makhale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588867/cardiac-arrest-reveals-a-mobile-large-left-atrial-myxoma
#16
Emmanouel Papadakis, Ilias Vournas, Meletios A Kanakis
Left atrial myxoma could be a rare cause of cardiac arrest as this mass could impinge on the mitral orifice causing left ventricular inflow tract obstruction.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582370/isolated-neurofibroma-of-the-orbit-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Puneet S Braich, Jared C Donaldson, Gurtej S Bajaj, William H Bearden
PURPOSE: To summarize the clinical, radiographic, and intraoperative characteristics of isolated neurofibromas of the orbit (INFO) in the literature and report a case of INFO. METHODS: Case report and a systematic review of the literature. RESULTS: A total of 45 patients were identified from 18 previous studies. There was no sex predilection and mean ages were between 32.3 and 40.0 years with a standard deviation of 9.8 to 19.5 years, median age was 32 to 38 years with a range of 1...
June 2, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579859/clot-in-lung-clot-in-heart-a-case-report-of-tumor-like-thrombus-in-right-atrium
#18
Roshanak Habibi, Alvaro J Altamirano, Shahriar Dadkhah
Tumor-like formation of thrombus in the right atrial cavity is rare. It may be mistaken for a myxoma. The exact pathophysiology of an isolated thrombus in the heart is still unclear. Management to prevent complications such as pulmonary thromboembolism depends on the clinical judgment of a cardiologist. This report describes a 76-year-old woman with right atrial thrombus causing subsequent pulmonary thromboembolism in right lung. She initially presented to us with pulmonary embolism, and later, an incidental finding of a mass in her right atrium revealed an association of thrombus in heart with thrombus in lung...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573796/massive-left-atrial-myxoma-induced-congestive-heart-failure
#19
Michele Gallo, Jaimin R Trivedi, Adam N Protos, Mark S Slaughter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567309/left-atrial-myxoma-in-pregnancy-management-strategy-using-minimally-invasive-surgical-approach
#20
Noppon Taksaudom, Kuntharee Traisrisilp, Rungsrit Kanjanavanit
This case report concerns a young woman who, during her pregnancy, suffered severe mitral regurgitation. It was discovered at the same time that she had a left atrial myxoma. During the early postpartum period she successfully underwent an anterior minithoracotomy to remove the left atrial myxoma in conjunction with repair of the mitral valve. The thoracotomy approach in this specific patient was chosen as it would give a better chance of successful mother-child bonding because the patient would be able to avoid the precautions which would have been necessary following a sternotomy, especially the limitation of her ability to hold her child during the first 4-6 weeks postoperatively...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
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