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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458221/thyroid-stimulating-hormone-stimulated-human-adipocytes-express-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin
#1
Loretta Ma, AnneMarie Gagnon, Anne Landry, Timothea Le, Fengxia Xiao, Cathy Sun, Heather A Lochnan, Dylan Burger, Alexander Sorisky
When recombinant human (rh) thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is administered to thyroid cancer survivors, an acute extra-thyroidal effect raises pro-inflammatory cytokines and activates platelets. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine recently implicated in platelet activation. Our aim was to measure platelet microparticle levels after rhTSH stimulation in vivo, and to investigate TSLP expression in TSH-stimulated human adipocytes in culture. Blood samples for total and platelet microparticle analysis were obtained from thyroid cancer survivors before (day 1) and after rhTSH administration (day 5)...
February 19, 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458220/incidence-of-autoimmune-and-related-disorders-after-resolution-of-endogenous-cushing-syndrome-in-children
#2
Christina Tatsi, Meg Keil, Charalampos Lyssikatos, Elena Belyavskaya, Constantine A Stratakis, Maya B Lodish
Glucocorticoids are widely used for immunosuppression in autoimmune diseases. After the resolution of hypercortisolemia, the immune system recovers allowing for autoimmune diseases to manifest. Here we investigated the presence of autoimmune and related diseases that developed after cure of endogenous Cushing syndrome (CS) in children. We identified 129 children who were diagnosed and successfully treated for endogenous CS at the National Institutes of Health from 1997 until 2017, and who were followed for at least 6 months after treatment...
February 19, 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458121/the-paradox-of-marrow-adipose-tissue-in-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Pouneh K Fazeli, Anne Klibanski
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by inappropriate nutrient intake resulting in low body weight. Multiple hormonal adaptations facilitate decreased energy expenditure in this state of caloric deprivation including non-thyroidal illness syndrome, growth hormone resistance, and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Although these hormonal adaptations confer a survival advantage during periods of negative energy balance, they contribute to the long-term medical complications associated with AN, the most common of which is significant bone loss and an increased risk of fracture...
February 16, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458080/transcriptomic-and-phenotypic-profiling-in-developing-zebrafish-exposed-to-thyroid-hormone-receptor-agonists
#4
Derik E Haggard, Pamela D Noyes, Katrina M Waters, Robert L Tanguay
There continues to be a need to develop in vivo high-throughput screening (HTS) and computational methods to screen chemicals for interaction with the estrogen, androgen, and thyroid pathways and as complements to in vitro HTS assays. This study explored the utility of an embryonic zebrafish HTS approach to identify and classify endocrine bioactivity using phenotypically-anchored transcriptome profiling. Transcriptome analysis was conducted on zebrafish embryos exposed to 25 estrogen-, androgen-, or thyroid-active chemicals at concentrations that elicited adverse malformations or mortality at 120 hours post-fertilization in 80% of animals exposed...
February 16, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457831/low-t3-syndrome-as-a-predictor-of-poor-prognosis-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#5
Rui Gao, Rui-Ze Chen, Yi Xia, Jin-Hua Liang, Li Wang, Hua-Yuan Zhu, Jia-Zhu Wu, Lei Fan, Jian-Yong Li, Tao Yang, Wei Xu
Low triiodothyronine (T3) state is associated with poor prognosis in critical acute and prolonged illness. However, the information on thyroid dysfunction and cancer is limited. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic value of low T3 syndrome in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Two hundred and fifty-eight patients with detailed thyroid hormone profile at CLL diagnosis were enrolled. Low T3 syndrome was defined by low free T3 (FT3) level accompanied by normal-to-low free tetraiodothyronine (FT4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457291/does-sedation-offer-better-outcomes-than-local-anaesthesia-for-thyroid-fna-in-adult-patients
#6
R M Kholmatov, H S Khadra, F Murad, T M Ahmed, A B Sholl, E Kandil
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential benefits of sedation in adults undergoing fine needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules. METHODS: This retrospective study compared the outcomes of sedated and non-sedated FNA patients. RESULTS: A total of 860 patients underwent 1698 FNAs of thyroid nodules. The mean patient age was 52.4±14.4 years, and 80.2% of patients were women. The non-sedated group consisted of 782 patients with 1543 (93.5%) FNA procedures...
February 18, 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457255/pregnancy-on-vandetanib-in-metastatic-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-associated-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-2b
#7
Nicholas Thomas, John Glod, Claudia Derse-Anthony, Emma L Baple, Nigel Obsborne, Rachel Sturley, Bijay Vaidya, Kate Newbold, Antonia Brooke
Vandetanib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) used in the treatment of medullary thyroid carcinoma occurring in >95% of patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2b (MEN 2b). Pregnancy in women with MEN 2b on vandetanib is previously unreported and has multiple potential implications for both the mother and developing fetus [1]. We describe the case of a 22 year old woman with a background of MEN 2b who was first diagnosed aged 6 presenting with marfanoid habitus, and oral mucosal neuromas. This article is protected by copyright...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456972/the-effect-of-levothyroxine-and-selenium-versus-levothyroxine-alone-on-reducing-the-level-of-anti-thyroid-peroxidase-antibody-in-autoimmune-hypothyroid-patients
#8
Ali Kachouei, Hassan Rezvanian, Masoud Amini, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Eshagh Moradi
Background: Due to the prevalence of autoimmune hypothyroidism and its effects on physical and mental health it is necessary to provide a treatment which is also effective in preventing the progression of sub-clinical hypothyroidism in these patients. This study aims to investigate the effect of selenium supplementation on of anti-thyroid hormone antibodies in these patients. Materials and Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, 70 patients with autoimmune hypothyroidism randomly divided into two groups of 35 each, the first group was treated with oral selenium treatment with levothyroxine (LT4) and to the second group along with LT4, placebo was also prescribed...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456963/endoscopic-thyroid-surgery-through-trans-oral-vestibular-approach-tova-a-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#9
Gyan Chand, Goonj Johri, S K Mishra
Endoscopic surgery is now standard of care for different Endocrine Disorders; the endoscopic thyroid surgery is becoming more popular and different approaches has been practice by many thyroid surgeon worldwide. Trans-orovestibular approach, based on the principle of natural orifice transluminal surgery is truly scar free thyroid surgery and has minimal dissection. We are presenting here three cases of benign solitary thyroid nodule operated endoscopically through trans-oro-vestibular approach in one male and two female patients...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456936/bone-metastases-in-follicular-carcinoma-of-thyroid
#10
Pooja Pal, Bikramjit Singh, Shubhada Kane, Pankaj Chaturvedi
Though the association between follicular carcinoma and bone metastasis is well established, the site-wise distribution is not known. One hundred seventy-three patients of follicular carcinoma presenting between 2003 and 2011 were selected from 1093 patients of follicular lesions presenting at a single institution. Of these, 59 (34%) with bone metastasis were included in the study. Fifty of the 59 patients (84.7%) had metastasis at presentation, while 9 developed bone metastasis during follow-up. Sixty-one percent had solitary metastasis, 15 (25...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456888/an-observational-study-on-risk-of-secondary-cancers-in-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-patients-in-the-tki-era-in-the-united-states
#11
Vivek Kumar, Mohit Garg, Neha Chaudhary, Abhinav Binod Chandra
Introduction: The treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has drastically improved the outcome of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. This study was conducted to examine the risk of secondary cancers (SCs) in the CML patients who were diagnosed and treated in the TKI era in the United States. Methods: The surveillance epidemiology and end results (SEER) database was used to identify CML patients who were diagnosed and received treatment during January 2002-December 2014...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456854/novel-braf-mutation-in-melanoma-a-case-report
#12
Serena Trubini, Alessandro Ubiali, Carlo Terenzio Paties, Luigi Cavanna
In melanoma, a number of specific genetic and genomic aberrations have been identified to be important in tumorigenesis. In particular, the mutant B-Raf proto-oncogene, Serine/Threonine kinase (BRAF) gene is the target of tailored therapy with kinase inhibitor molecules. Identification of the array of mutations in patients with melanoma will be useful in determining a genetic profile of the tumor with potential implications for treatment decisions. A rare aminoacidic insertion in codon 599 of the BRAF gene (c...
March 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456616/the-mortality-incidence-ratio-as-an-indicator-of-five-year-cancer-survival-in-metropolitan-lima
#13
Karoline Stenning-Persivale, Maria Jose Savitzky Franco, Alejandra Cordero-Morales, José Cruzado-Burga, Ebert Poquioma, Edgar Díaz Nava, Eduardo Payet
Introduction: The Mortality-Incidence Ratio complement [1 - MIR] is an indicator validated in various populations to estimate five-year cancer survival, but its validity remains unreported in Peru. This study aims to determine if the MIR correlates directly with five-year survival in patients diagnosed with the ten most common types of cancer in metropolitan Lima. Materials and methods: The Metropolitan Lima Cancer Registry (RCLM in Spanish) for 2004-2005 was used to determine the number of new cases and the number of deaths of the following cancers: breast, stomach, prostate, thyroid, lung, colon, cervical, and liver cancers, as well as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and leukaemia...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456561/evaluation-of-observed-and-the-expected-incidence-of-common-cancers-an-experience-from-southwestern-of-iran-2010-2014
#14
Ali Ahmadi, Fatemeh Salehi
Background: Awareness of observed and expected incidence of cancers is so important in managing cancer as the third mortality cause in Iran. In the present study, we evaluated observed and the expected incidence of common cancers in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Materials and Methods: This study is a Secondary data analysis. All data about pathology-based cancer registration (Cancer diagnosis was based on pathological laboratory, ICD-O2) in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari in Southwestern Iran in 2010-2014 was used...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455653/novel-targeted-therapies-and-immunotherapy-for-advanced-thyroid-cancers
#15
REVIEW
George E Naoum, Michael Morkos, Brian Kim, Waleed Arafat
Thyroid cancer is a frequently encountered endocrine malignancy. Despite the favorable prognosis of this disease, 15-20% of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) cases and most anaplastic types, remain resistant to standard treatment options, including radioactive iodine (RAI). In addition, around 30% of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) cases show resistance after surgery. The evolving understanding of disease-specific molecular therapeutic targets has led to the approval of two targeted therapies (Sorafenib and Lenvatinib) for RAI refractory DTC and another two drugs (Vandetanib and Cabozantinib) for MTC...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455638/the-clinicopathological-and-prognostic-significance-of-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-pd-l1-expression-in-patients-with-non-medullary-thyroid-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Marra Aghajani, Susannah Graham, Charles McCafferty, Christina Abdel Shaheed, Tara Roberts, Paul DeSouza, Tao Yang, Navin Niles
BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that PD-L1 overexpression is associated with poor prognosis and resistance to immune therapies in several human cancers. However, data on the prognostic significance of PD-L1 expression in thyroid cancer is limited and remains controversial. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to comprehensively evaluate the clinicopathological significance and prognostic value of PD-L1 expression in non-medullary thyroid cancers. SUMMARY: Electronic databases, including Medline/PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library, were searched up until July 5th, 2017...
February 17, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455559/proceedings-of-the-first-italian-conference-on-thyroid-minimally-invasive-treatments-and-foundation-of-the-italian-research-group-for-thyroid-minimally-invasive-procedures
#17
Giovanni Mauri, Claudio Maurizio Pacella, Enrico Papini, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Luigi Solbiati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455549/multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-2a-men-2a-syndrome
#18
J Breza, J Breza
INTRODUCTION: In the MEN 2A syndrome, which is the most common of the three types of MEN, three endocrine systems are affected simultaneously or subsequently by the development of tumours manifested by medullary thyroid gland carcinoma, pheochromocytoma (often bilateral) and hyperparathyroidism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 27 patients from 3 families affected by MEN 2A syndrome were examined clinically (by detecting the effects of catecholamine overproduction), biochemically (screening for metanephrine and normetanephrine in the serum), visualization (CT, MRI, MIBG, PET CT) and some of them also genetically (DNA fragment analysis obtained by PCR amplification)...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455365/gender-differences-in-glycemic-control-and-diabetes-related-factors-in-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-the-metro-study
#19
Maria Ida Maiorino, Giuseppe Bellastella, Ofelia Casciano, Michela Petrizzo, Maurizio Gicchino, Mariangela Caputo, Annalisa Sarnataro, Dario Giugliano, Katherine Esposito
PURPOSE: To describe gender differences concerning glycemic control, cardiovascular risk factors, diabetic complications, concomitant pathologies, and circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), in a population of young adults with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: We collected data from 300 consecutively patients (168 males and 132 females), aged 18-30 years, among those admitted at Diabetes Unit of University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" (Naples, Italy) from March 2012 to January 2017...
February 17, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455364/hyperirisinemia-is-independently-associated-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-correlations-with-cardiometabolic-biomarkers-and-risk-factors
#20
Theodora Stratigou, Maria Dalamaga, Georgios Antonakos, Ioanna Marinou, Evaggelos Vogiatzakis, Gerasimos Socrates Christodoulatos, Irene Karampela, Athanasios G Papavassiliou
PURPOSE: Irisin, a newly discovered adipo-myokine, is implicated in the modulation of the adipose phenotype, increasing energy expenditure and ameliorating systemic metabolism. Our aim was to investigate circulating irisin in subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) and study its associations with cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: In a large case-control study, serum irisin, insulin resistance and lipid parameters, classic adipokines, inflammatory and hepatic biomarkers, and cardiovascular risk factors were determined in 120 consecutive patients with SH and 120 healthy controls matched on age, gender, and date of blood draw...
February 17, 2018: Endocrine
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