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Olfactory neuroblastoma

Norman C Charles, Carisa K Petris, Eleanore T Kim
The authors describe an esthesioneuroblastoma (olfactory neuroblastoma) that occurred within the nasal cavity and brain in a 31-year-old man. Following excision, the tumor recurred in the left orbit and in mediastinal lymph nodes. Treatment included orbital excision and systemic chemotherapy. Histopathology showed a high-grade neuroepithelial tumor with positive immunohistochemical markers for neuroendocrine and epithelial components, an unusual combination raising issues concerning taxonomy.
August 12, 2016: Orbit
Jason K Wasserman, Brendan C Dickson, Bayardo Perez-Ordonez, John R de Almeida, Jonathan C Irish, Ilan Weinreb
Poorly differentiated sinonasal malignancies are amongst the hardest differential diagnoses in pathology, owing to the large number of rare entities that arise there. Complicating the matter is that most pathologists, including those with experience in head and neck pathology, have little experience in any one of these rare entities. Most patients with sinonasal carcinoma present with locally advanced disease and in the past a combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery would usually be recommended without the specific disease subtype playing a large part of the decision making...
September 19, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
Shital Lungare, Keith Hallam, Raj K S Badhan
Central nervous system (CNS) drug delivery is often hampered due to the insidious nature of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Nose-to-brain delivery via olfactory pathways have become a target of attention for drug delivery due to bypassing of the BBB. The antioxidant properties of phytochemicals make them promising as CNS active agents but possess poor water solubility and limited BBB penetration. The primary aim of this study was the development of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) loaded with the poorly water-soluble phytochemicals curcumin and chrysin which could be utilised for nose-to-brain delivery...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Masatoshi Yunoki, Kenta Suzuki, Atsuhito Uneda, Kimihiro Yoshino
BACKGROUND: Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare, aggressive tumor of the nasal cavity. It may invade the paranasal cavities and anterior skull base locally but may also metastasize to the cervical lymph nodes, lungs, or distant central nervous system. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here, we report a case of ONB in which emergency surgery was performed for intradural spinal metastasis (ISM). The patient was a 52-year-old male who underwent surgery for ONB. The tumor extended from the nasal cavity to the intracranial space and was resected completely...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
You-Sub Kim, Shin Jung, Woo-Youl Jang, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Kyung-Sub Moon, In-Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is an uncommon neoplasm that arises from olfactory epithelium in the nasal cavity near the cribriform plate. Although local recurrence or direct extension along olfactory epithelium and metastasis to the central nervous system has been reported, remote leptomeningeal metastasis is quite rare. In our report of a leptomeningeal metastasis of ONB without recurrence of primary site, we discuss the possible pathogenesis of this rare phenomenon with a review of the literature...
September 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Jianqin Shen, Hongguang Cui, Shi Feng
PURPOSE: Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare neuroectodermal malignant neoplasm that originates from the olfactory sensory epithelium. In reported cases involving the orbit, the primary neoplasms could invade the orbits through bone destruction or cranio-orbital communication anatomical structure. The present study reports a rare case of orbital metastatic tumor arising from an intracranial ONB in a Chinese patient, which is the first case demonstrating an uncommon route of ONB involving the orbit...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Marylisa Felix-Ravelo, Ayoub Bey, Fabien Arous, Solène Paris-Grandpierre, Roger Jankowski, Duc Trung Nguyen
CONCLUSION: The sensitivity and specificity of a (18)FDG-PET scan may be different according to the histology. The SUVmax and SUV ratio may reflect the tumor's aggressive behavior. OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of PET/CT scans, including the maximum standard uptake values (SUVmax), at initial diagnosis according to six main types of sinonasal malignancies: sinonasal adenocarcinoma (SNAC), sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC), adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), sinonasal malignant melanoma (SMM), olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB), and sinonasal neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC)...
August 31, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
P Czapiewski, A Gorczyński, J Haybaeck, K Okoń, J Reszeć, W Skrzypczak, J Dzierżanowski, M Kunc, J Karczewska, W Biernat
Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare neoplasm of the sinonasal area with neuroendocrine differentiation. ISL-1, TTF-1 and PAX5 are transcription factors that are frequently upregulated in tumors showing neuroendocrine differentiation. The aim of our study was to evaluate these markers in a group of ONBs. We included 11 ONBs from 4 large university hospitals. Immunohistochemical expression of TTF-1, PAX5 and ISL-1 was evaluated. TTF-1, ISL-1 and PAX5 were expressed in 3/11 cases (27.27%, h-score: 3-45), 7/11 cases (63...
June 2016: Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
A Lapierre, I Selmaji, H Samlali, T Brahmi, S Yossi
PURPOSE: Olfactory neuroblastoma or esthesioneuroblastoma is a rare entity among head and neck neoplasms. In this paper, we report the experience of our institution and compare it with a comprehensive review of the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed clinical and treatment data of patients referred to the Lyon Sud University Hospital (France) for histologically proven olfactive esthesioneuroblastoma. RESULTS: Ten patients treated between 1993 and 2015 have been analysed...
July 20, 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Saroona Haroon, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Aisha Memon, Saira Fatima, Sheema Habibul Hasan
OBJECTIVES: To present the clinicopathological experience of Olfactory Neuroblastoma (ONB) with emphasis on histopathological and immunohistochemical features. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done on 36 cases of ONB, selected by non-probability purposive sampling. Theses cases of ONB were retrieved and reviewed from surgical pathology database of Aga Khan University Hospital reported between January 1993 and March 2015. RESULTS: Tumor size and age of presentation was wide in range without any distinct bimodal distribution...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Piotr Czapiewski, Michał Kunc, Johannes Haybaeck
Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB, Esthesioneuroblastoma) is an infrequent neoplasm of the head and neck area derived from olfactory neuroepithelium. Despite relatively good prognosis a subset of patients shows recurrence, progression and/or metastatic disease, which requires additional treatment. However, neither prognostic nor predictive factors are well specified. Thus, we performed a literature search for the currently available data on disturbances in molecular pathways, cytogenetic changes and results gained by next generation sequencing (NGS) approaches in ONB in order to gain an overview of genetic alterations which might be useful for treating patients with ONB...
May 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Margaret Holmes, Shirley Y Su, Diana Bell
Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare malignant tumor. Although the vast majority of cases arise in the nasal cavity, ONB is rarely reported in ectopic locations. We report a case of ONB in the maxillary sinus. A 63-year-old woman presented with left-sided nasal obstruction and epistaxis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a nonenhancing left maxillary sinus tumor. Histologic sections showed ONB, Hyams grade IV, invading bone, skeletal muscle, and adjacent fibroadipose tissue. It is essential to be accurate when diagnosing sinonasal tumors because the differential diagnosis is broad, and one must consider the possibility of ectopic ONB, although it is rare...
June 2016: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Jun-Ichi Ohkubo, Nobusuke Hohchi, Shoko Takeuchi, Shoji Ikezaki, Yasuhiro Kise, Hiroki Koizumi, Hideaki Suzuki
Ion beam therapy has enabled us to treat formerly untreatable malignant tumors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term follow-up course of patients with head and neck cancers who received ion beam therapy. The subjects were 8 patients (3 men and 5 women aged 43-78 years) with head and neck cancers who visited our department from 2006 to 2015 and received ion beam therapy. Six patients received carbon ion beam therapy, and the other two patients received proton beam therapy. The medical records of the patients were retrospectively analyzed...
May 11, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Lizhi Wang, Yan Ding, Lai Wei, Dewei Zhao, Ruoyu Wang, Yuewei Zhang, Xuesong Gu, Zhiqiang Wang
Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare cancer originating in the olfactory epithelium of the nasal vault. The recurrence rate of ONB is high, as the standard treatment of surgery followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy is usually unsuccessful. The use of targeted therapy based on individual genomic variations after cancer relapse has not been reported. Here, we present the case of a 44-year-old man who was diagnosed with recurrent ONB and treated with a regimen developed using whole exome sequencing. Potential targets were first identified and then matched to appropriate drugs...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Elena Leon-Soriano, Carolina Alfonso, Laura Yebenes, Julio Garcia-Polo, Luis Lassaletta, Javier Gavilan
BACKGROUND: Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB), also known as esthesioneuroblastoma, is a rare malignant head and neck cancer thought to originate from the olfactory epithelium. It typically invades contiguous structures at presentation. We report a very rare case of multifocal and ectopic ONB. CASE REPORT: A 41-year-old man presented with left nasal obstruction and occasional left epistaxis associated with headache. Endoscopic examination of the nasal cavities and computed tomography suggested bilateral polypoid masses...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Roi Dagan, Curtis Bryant, Zuofeng Li, Daniel Yeung, Jeb Justice, Peter Dzieglewiski, John Werning, Rui Fernandes, Phil Pirgousis, Donald C Lanza, Christopher G Morris, William M Mendenhall
PURPOSE: To report disease outcomes after proton therapy (PT) for sinonasal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eighty-four adult patients without metastases received primary (13%) or adjuvant (87%) PT for sinonasal cancers (excluding melanoma, sarcoma, and lymphoma). Common histologies were olfactory neuroblastoma (23%), squamous cell carcinoma (22%), and adenoid cystic carcinoma (17%). Advanced stage (T3 in 25% and T4 in 69%) and high-grade histology (51%) were common...
May 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Tim van Osch, Henri A J M Overtoom, Bastiaan ter Meulen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2016: Neurology
Arthur B Dublin, Matthew Bobinski
This presentation outlines the clinical and imaging characteristics of esthesioneuroblastoma.
February 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Soojin Cha, Jeongeun Lee, Jong-Yeon Shin, Ji-Yeon Kim, Sung Hoon Sim, Bhumsuk Keam, Tae Min Kim, Dong-Wan Kim, Dae Seog Heo, Se-Hoon Lee, Jong-Il Kim
BACKGROUND: Although adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancers are characterized by biological features and clinical outcomes distinct from those of other age groups, the molecular profile of AYA cancers has not been well defined. In this study, we analyzed cancer genomes from rare types of metastatic AYA cancers to identify driving and/or druggable genetic alterations. METHODS: Prospectively collected AYA tumor samples from seven different patients were analyzed using three different genomics platforms (whole-exome sequencing, whole-transcriptome sequencing or OncoScan™)...
2016: BMC Cancer
Rima A Safadi, Dima H Bader, Niveen I Abdullah, Maher A Sughayer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immunohistochemical expression (IHCE) of selected keratins in primary cutaneous and mucosal melanoma (pM), and metastatic melanoma (metsM) of the head and neck and to compare their expression to a group of undifferentiated/poorly differentiated tumors of the same anatomic region. STUDY DESIGN: IHCE of K6, K7, K8, K14, K16, K18, and K19 were studied in 29 melanomas and 70 cases of non-melanoma tumors of the same anatomic region (neuroendocrine carcinoma, neuroblastoma, olfactory neuroblastoma, sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma, undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (PDSCC), and Ewing sarcoma)...
May 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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