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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440663/acupuncture-for-pain-and-nausea-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-feasibility-study-in-a-public-safety-net-hospital
#1
Colin Feeney, Elizabeth Bruns, Gabrielle LeCompte, Anahita Forati, Thomas Chen, Amy Matecki
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and acceptability of providing acupuncture treatment to relieve pain and nausea symptoms in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. DESIGN: Prospective feasibility study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: Public safety net hospital with a 20-bed mixed medical/surgical ICU. SUBJECTS: Patients from all services admitted to the ICU from November 14, 2014 to April 2015. INTERVENTIONS: Three 20 min acupuncture treatments given for consented patients who were experiencing pain and/or nausea, in addition to usual care...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440447/anti%C3%A2-inflammatory-effects-of-oxymatrine-on-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-rats-via-regulating-the-imbalance-between-treg-and-th17-cells
#2
Ailing Ma, Yongya Yang, Qiuyang Wang, Yin Wang, Jing Wen, Yanli Zhang
Oxymatrine (OMT), a monosomic alkaloid extracted from the Chinese herb, Sophora flavescens Ait, has long been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential anti‑inflammatory effect of OMT, and its modulation on imbalance between regulatory T (Treg) cells and T helper (Th) 17 cells in rats with collagen‑induced arthritis (CIA). Sprague‑Dawley rats were immunized with type II collagen and following a second collagen immunization, the rats were treated with OMT or dexamethasone (DXM) intraperitoneally once a day for 43 days...
April 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440419/different-effects-of-%C3%A2-borneol-and-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-borneol-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-osthole-in-rats-following-oral-administration
#3
Dan-Dan Luo, Xiao-Ying Chen, Zhen-Biao Zhang, Chao-Yue Sun, Yi-Feng Zheng, Yu-Hong Liu, Xiu-Fen Wang, Qi Wang, Janis Ya-Xian Zhan, Zi-Ren Su
Osthole is the primary active component of a number of herbal plants such as the Cnidium monnieri fruit. In traditional Chinese herb medicine, osthole is commonly used in combination with borneol to obtain improved pharmacological effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of borneol enantiomers on the pharmacokinetics of osthole. An appropriate high‑performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was applied to determine the concentrations of osthole in plasma. Following oral administration of osthole alone or combined with borneol in rats, blood samples were collected and analyzed by HPLC...
April 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439292/effects-of-bushen-tianjing-recipe-in-a-rat-model-of-tripterygium-glycoside-induced-premature-ovarian-failure
#4
Xiaofeng Xu, Yong Tan, Guorong Jiang, Xuanyi Chen, Rensheng Lai, Lurong Zhang, Guoqiang Liang
BACKGROUND: Bushen Tianjing Recipe (BTR) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been prescribed for premature ovarian failure (POF) for decades in China. Nevertheless, little is known regarding its underlying molecular mechanism. In the present study, we investigated the effects of BTR in a tripterygium glycoside (TG)-induced-POF rat model. METHODS: Three doses of BTR were administered via intragastric gavage to adult female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with TG-induced POF...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438185/comparison-of-the-efficacy-between-conventional-moxibustion-and-smoke-free-moxibustion-on-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Lin-Lin Zhu, Jian-Ying Zhou, Ling Luo, Xiang Wang, Jia-Xi Peng, Sha-Sha Chen, Hai-Yan Yin, Qiao-Feng Wu, Cheng-Shun Zhang, Peng Lv, Yong Tang, Shu-Guang Yu
BACKGROUND: Conventional moxibustion is a representative non-drug intervention in traditional Chinese medicine, and it has been reported to produce encouraging results and benefits in relieving symptoms and improving the quality of life for patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in previous clinical trials and systematic reviews. Given that increasing concerns on the safety of generated smoke from conventional moxibustion have received much attention, smoke-free moxibustion is regarded as a potential alternative...
April 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437887/influence-of-sinomenine-upon-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-osteoclastogenesis
#6
Biao Zhou, Xiaolong Lu, Zhi Tang, Dan Liu, Youliang Zhou, Peng Zeng, Hui Xiong
With the advent of aging, the morbidity rates of such diseases as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoporosis has witnessed a significant increase. As a common rattan drug, sinomenine (SIN) has been widely applied for the treatment of various arthritic diseases in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinics. Given that SIN has been reported to inhibit the expression of Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in several types of cells, in this study, the influence of SIN treatment on PGE2 expression in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), thereby changing the osteoprotegerin (OPG) receptor/activator for the nuclear factor-κ B ligand (RANKL) ratio, was investigated...
April 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436686/sparking-thinking-studying-modern-precision-medicine-will-accelerate-the-progression-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-patterns
#7
Bao-Cheng Liu, Guang Ji
Incorporating "-omics" studies with environmental interactions could help elucidate the biological mechanisms responsible for Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) patterns. Based on the authors' own experiences, this review outlines a model of an ideal combination of "-omics" biomarkers, environmental factors, and TCM pattern classifications; provides a narrative review of the relevant genetic and TCM studies; and lists several successful integrative examples. Two integration tools are briefly introduced. The first is the integration of modern devices into objective diagnostic methods of TCM patterning, which would improve current clinical decision-making and practice...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436635/-application-progress-on-near-infrared-spectroscopy-in-quality-control-and-process-monitoring-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#8
Wenlong Li, Haibin Qu
The industry of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) encounters problems like quality fluctuation of raw materials and unstandardized production process. Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy technology is widely used in quality control of TCM because of its abundant information, fast and nondestructive characters. The main applications include quantitative analysis of Chinese medicinal materials, intermediates and Chinese patent medicines; the authenticity of TCM, species, origins and manufacturers; monitoring and control of the extraction, alcohol precipitation, column chromatography and blending process...
January 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436479/effects-of-chinese-medicine-as-adjunct-medication-for-adjuvant-chemotherapy-treatments-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#9
Lijing Jiao, Changsheng Dong, Jiaxiang Liu, Zhiwei Chen, Lei Zhang, Jianfang Xu, Xiaoyong Shen, Jiaming Che, Yi Yang, Hai Huang, Hegen Li, Jianli Sun, Yi Jiang, Zhujun Mao, Peiqi Chen, Yabin Gong, Xiaolin Jin, Ling Xu
The aim was to evaluate the effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as a combination medication with adjuvant chemotherapy on postoperative early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The 314 patients with completely resected stage IB, II or IIIA cancers were assigned into vinorelbine plus cisplatin/carboplatin (NP/NC) (control, n = 158) and NP/NC with additional TCM (intervention, n = 156) groups. The primary endpoint was QOL scores; secondary endpoints were the toxicity and safety of the regimens...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434477/niuhuang-jiangya-preparation-a-traditional-chinese-patent-medicine-for-essential-hypertension-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Hui Wang, Chunxiang Liu, Jingbo Zhai, Hongcai Shang
OBJECTIVES: Niuhuang Jiangya Preparation (NHJYP) is one of the most commonly used traditional Chinese patent medicines for essential hypertension (EH) in China. Our meta-analysis performed a systematic evaluation on the therapeutic efficacy and safety of NHJYP for EH. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane library, CNKI,VIP, Sinomed, and Wanfang Database were searched up to June 2015. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing NHJYP or combined with western antihypertensive drugs (WAD) versus WAD were included...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434118/hyperoside-inhibits-the-effects-induced-by-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-via-oxldl-lox-1-erk-pathway
#11
Zhengyu Zhang, Dongdong Zhang, Baoling Du, Zhiqiang Chen
Hyperoside is a major active constituent in many medicinal plants traditionally used in Chinese medicines for their anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and vascular protective effects. Recent studies have focused on the protective effects of hyperoside on hyperlipidemia. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are unknown. In this study, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were treated in vitro with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in the presence or absence of hyperoside. Western blotting, quantitative PCR, and tetrazolium assay were used to detect lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) expression and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) activation, and to determine VSMCs viability...
April 22, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433874/systematically-characterize-the-absorbed-effective-substances-of-wutou-decoction-and-their-metabolic-pathways-in-rat-plasma-using-uhplc-q-tof-ms-combined-with-a-target-network-pharmacological-analysis
#12
Tengfei Xu, Shizhe Li, Yufei Sun, Zifeng Pi, Shu Liu, Fengrui Song, Zhiqiang Liu
Wu-tou Decoction (WTD) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula which is applied to treat arthritis and pain of joints. In this study, a sensitive and rapid method was developed for the separation and identification of the absorbed constituents and metabolites of WTD in the rats plasma by ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS). A total of 22 absorbed prototype constituents and 49 metabolites were identified or tentatively characterized in dosed plasma...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433565/inhibitory-effects-of-pine-nodule-extract-and-its-component-sj-2-on-acetylcholine-induced-catecholamine-secretion-and-synthesis-in-bovine-adrenal-medullary-cells
#13
Xiaojia Li, Takafumi Horishita, Yumiko Toyohira, Hui Shao, Jie Bai, Haixia Bo, Xinbo Song, Shin Ishikane, Yukari Yoshinaga, Noriaki Satoh, Masato Tsutsui, Nobuyuki Yanagihara
Extract of pine nodules (matsufushi) formed by bark proliferation on the surface of trees of Pinus tabulaeformis or Pinus massoniana has been used as an analgesic for joint pain, rheumatism, neuralgia, dysmenorrhea and other complaints in Chinese traditional medicine. Here we report the effects of matsufushi extract and its components on catecholamine secretion and synthesis in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells. We found that matsufushi extract (0.0003-0.005%) and its component, SJ-2 (5-hydroxy-3-methoxy-trans-stilbene) (0...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432819/identification-of-bioactive-compounds-in-shaoyao-gancao-decoction-using-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-affinity-chromatography
#14
Zehua Li, Haiyang Gao, Jiangying Li, Yajun Zhang
Shaoyao-Gancao decoction, a Chinese herbal formula, is composed of Paeoniae Radix alba and Glycyrrhiza Radix et rhizoma. It has been widely used to treat muscle spasms and asthma. However, little is known about the bioactive components of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction. In the present study, the bioactive compounds in water-extract of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction were separated by the immobilized β2 -adrenoceptor affinity column and identified using quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The affinity constants of the separated compounds that bound to β2 -adrenoceptor were determined by frontal analysis...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432774/comprehensive-two-dimensional-pc-3-prostate-cancer-cell-membrane-chromatography-for-screening-anti-tumor-components-from-radix-sophorae-flavescentis
#15
Qiang Wang, Junnan Xu, Xiang Li, Dawei Zhang, Yong Han, Xu Zhang
Radix Sophorae flavescentis is generally used for the treatments of different stages of prostate cancer in China. It has ideal effects when combined with surgical treatment and chemotherapy. However, its active components are still ambiguous. We devised a comprehensive two-dimensional PC-3 prostate cancer cell membrane chromatography system for screening anti-prostate cancer components in Radix Sophorae flavescentis. Gefitinib and dexamethasone were chosen as positive and negative drugs respectively for validation and optimization the selectivity and suitability of the comprehensive two-dimensional chromatographic system...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432299/tangluoning-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-attenuates-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-through-modulation-of-perk-nrf2-pathway
#16
Xinwei Yang, Weijie Yao, Haolong Liu, Yanbin Gao, Renhui Liu, Liping Xu
Prolonged hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress have been demonstrated to play a key role in progression of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). PERK/ Nrf2 pathway plays a predominant role in oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress which is associated with cell survival. This study examined the modulation of the PERK/Nrf2 pathway and apoptosis by a traditional Chinese medicine Tangluoning (TLN) in streptozotocin-induced DPN rat models and the effects of serum TLN on the PERK/Nrf2 pathway, apoptosis, intracellular reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial membrane potential in Schwann cells cultured in 150 mM glucose...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431455/uhplc-q-tof-ms-ms-based-screening-and-characterization-of-metabolites-of-cnidilin-in-human-liver-microsomes
#17
Lin Yuan, Yuqian Zhang, Man Liao, Yanyan Liu, Changchen Wan, Lantong Zhang
Cnidilin is an active natural furocoumarin ingredient originating from well-known traditional Chinese medicine Radix Angelicae dahuricae. In the present study, an efficient approach was developed for the screening and identification of cnidilin metabolites using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. In this approach, an on-line data acquisition method multiple mass defect filter (MMDF) combined with dynamic background subtraction was developed to trace all probable metabolites...
April 21, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431028/hybrid-de-novo-genome-assembly-of-the-chinese-herbal-fleabane-erigeron-breviscapus
#18
Jing Yang, Guanghui Zhang, Jing Zhang, Hui Liu, Wei Chen, Xiao Wang, Yahe Li, Yang Dong, Shengchao Yang
Background: The plants in the Erigeron genus of the Compositae (Asteraceae) family are commonly called fleabanes, possibly due to the belief that certain chemicals in these plants repel fleas. In the traditional Chinese medicine, Erigeron breviscapus , which is native to China, was widely used in the treatment of cerebrovascular disease. A handful of bioactive compounds, including scutellarin, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, and 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, have been isolated from the plant...
April 18, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430131/evaluation-of-tanshinone-iia-developmental-toxicity-in-zebrafish-embryos
#19
Tao Wang, Chengxi Wang, Qiong Wu, Kangdi Zheng, Jiaojiao Chen, Yutao Lan, Yao Qin, Wenjie Mei, Baoguo Wang
Tanshinone IIA (Tan-IIA) is derived from the dried roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, a traditional Chinese medicine. Although Salvia miltiorrhiza has been applied for many years, the toxicity of the mono-constituent of Salvia miltiorrhiza, tanshinone IIA, is still understudied. This study evaluated the cardiotoxicity and developmental malformations of Tan-IIA by using zebrafish normal embryos and dechorionated embryos. After treatment with Tan-IIA in different concentrations for four-day periods, obvious pericardial edema, spinal curvature, and even missing tails were observed in zebrafish embryos...
April 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428803/distribution-of-mast-cells-and-locations-depths-and-sizes-of-the-putative-acupoints-cv-8-and-ki-16
#20
Sharon Jiyoon Jung, Haim Song, Yu Yeon Kim, Jungdae Kim, Sungchul Kim, Yoon-Kyu Song, Kwang-Sup Soh
The anatomical locations and sizes of acupuncture points (APs) are identified in traditional Chinese medicine by using the cun measurement method. More precise knowledge of those locations and sizes to submillimeter precision, along with their cytological characterizations, would provide significant contributions both to scientific investigations and to precise control of the practice of acupuncture. Over recent decades, researchers have come to realize that APs in the skin of rats and humans have more mast cells (MCs) than neighboring nonacupoints...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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