keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lifestyle health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647982/-impact-of-diabetes-prevalence-and-mortality-on-health-life-expectancy-among-residents-in-zhejiang-province
#1
R Y Hu, F R Fei, J Pan, X Y Wang, H Wang, H B Wu, M Wang, W W Gong
Objective: To evaluate the impact of diabetes prevalence and mortality on health life expectancy (HLE). Methods: A cause-excluded health adjusted life expectancy method was used to quantitatively analyze the impact of diabetes on HLE and the composition of health life losses (HLL), using the integrated data on population mortality, self-assessed health status and diabetes prevalence. Results: The HLE for people aged 15 was 55.80 in Zhejiang, in 2013. After removing the diabetes morbidity and mortality, the HLE for men aged 15 increased by 0...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647911/religiosity-and-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-in-malaysian-muslims-the-mediating-role-of-subjective-well-being-and-self-regulation
#2
Swan Ee Tey, Miriam Sang-Ah Park, Karen Jennifer Golden
Past research on healthy lifestyle behaviours has been primarily conducted within Western or Judeo-Christian contexts, while non-Western or Muslim contexts remain under-represented. This study examined predictors of healthy lifestyle behaviours (religiosity, goal-setting, impulse control, and subjective well-being) in Malaysian Muslims and explored the mechanisms underlying the relationship between religiosity and healthy lifestyle behaviours. Self-report survey responses from 183 healthy adults (M age = 28...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647844/digital-health-technologies-to-promote-lifestyle-change-and-adherence
#3
REVIEW
Numan Khan, Francoise A Marvel, Jane Wang, Seth S Martin
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with an estimated 17.5 million deaths annually, or 31% of all global deaths, according to the World Health Organization. The majority of these deaths are preventable by addressing lifestyle modification (i.e., smoking cessation, diet, obesity, and physical inactivity) and promoting medication adherence. At present, initiatives to develop cost-effective modalities to support self-management, lifestyle modification, and medication adherence are a leading priority...
August 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647303/the-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-based-on-walker-health-promoting-lifestyle-in-iran-2016
#4
REVIEW
Maryam Mohammadi, Ali Ramezankhani, Shabnam Mohammadi, Shakiba Zahed, Farahnaz Khabiri, Soheila Khodakarim, Mohsen Roshani, Majid Ghayur
BACKGROUND: Understanding the metabolic syndrome has been the center of attention in recent years as a major risk factor of many diseases. Given the rising incidence of this disease and as the patient can compete against this disease with choosing healthy lifestyle, in the present study, we investigated the predictors of metabolic syndrome, based on Walker's health-promoting lifestyle in two large cities in Iran, in 2016. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used two-stage cluster sampling to select 1128 patients, among patients who referred to health centers in Isfahan and Yazd...
May 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646811/alternative-therapy-for-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-1-year-single-blind-randomized-trial-of-tui-na
#5
Cheng-Nan Lu, Michael Friedman, Hsin-Ching Lin, Kuo-Wei Bi, Tun-Pin Hsueh, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Mao-Chang Su, Meng-Chih Lin
Context • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is among the most prevalent of sleep-related breathing disorders. No long-term follow-up studies have documented the continued success of lifestyle changes in treatment; oral appliances have an approximate 50% success rate; compliance with continuous positive airway pressure is poor, ranging from 50% to 89%; and the success rate of upper-airway surgery is only 66.4%. Therefore, some OSAHS patients seek alternative treatments. Objectives • The study intended to examine the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapeutic massage (tui na) for patients with OSAHS...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646476/the-relationship-between-circulating-adiponectin-leptin-and-vaspin-with-bone-mineral-density-bmd-arterial-calcification-and-stiffness-a-cross-sectional-study-in-post-menopausal-women
#6
N Tanna, K Patel, A E Moore, D Dulnoan, S Edwards, G Hampson
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between circulating adiponectin, leptin and vaspin with bone mineral density (BMD), arterial stiffness and vascular calcification in post-menopausal women. We hypothesised that adipokines produced by adipose tissue may be mediators of bone and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and explain, in part, the observed association between osteoporosis and CVD. DESIGN: We studied 386 ambulant community dwelling postmenopausal women aged (mean [SD] 61 [6...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646250/assessing-competence-at-a-higher-level-among-older-adults-development-of-the-japan-science-and-technology-agency-index-of-competence-jst-ic
#7
Hajime Iwasa, Yukie Masui, Hiroki Inagaki, Yuko Yoshida, Hiroyuki Shimada, Rika Otsuka, Kazunori Kikuchi, Kumiko Nonaka, Hiroto Yoshida, Hideyo Yoshida, Takao Suzuki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Older adults' ever-improving health and changing lifestyles necessitate the development of a scale that can better measure their competence at a higher level. We developed the Japan Science and Technology Agency Index of Competence (JST-IC) via item analysis and assessed its psychometric properties. METHODS: Participants were 1306 community-dwelling older adults (623 men and 683 women, 74.0 ± 2.8 years old) who completed the 54-item draft JST-IC to determine their level of independence...
June 23, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645192/frequent-sexual-activity-predicts-specific-cognitive-abilities-in-older-adults
#8
Hayley Wright, Rebecca A Jenks, Nele Demeyere
Objectives: This study replicates and extends the findings of previous research (Wright, H., & Jenks, R. A. (2016). Sex on the brain! Associations between sexual activity and cognitive function in older age. Age and Ageing, 45, 313-317. doi:10.1093/ageing/afv197) which found a significant association between sexual activity (SA) and cognitive function in older adults. Specifically, this study aimed to generalize these findings to a range of cognitive domains, and to assess whether increasing SA frequency is associated with increasing scores on a variety of cognitive tasks...
June 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643820/does-wealth-make-health-cherchez-la-renal-replacement-therapy
#9
COMMENT
Maria D Sanchez-Niño, Alberto Ortiz
In this issue of CKJ, McQuarrie et al. have explored the relationship between socioeconomic status and outcomes among Scottish patients with a renal biopsy diagnosis of primary glomerulonephritis. Patients in the lower socioeconomic category had a twofold higher risk of death. No significant differences were observed on progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT), suggesting that overall medical management was appropriate for all socioeconomic categories. The findings are significant since they come from an ethnically homogeneous population with free access to healthcare; they also relate to a specific aetiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) expected to be less dependent on unhealthy lifestyles than other more frequent aetiologies that dominate studies of CKD in general, such as diabetic or hypertensive nephropathy...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642842/the-tick-microbiome-why-non-pathogenic-microorganisms-matter-in-tick-biology-and-pathogen-transmission
#10
REVIEW
Sarah I Bonnet, Florian Binetruy, Angelica M Hernández-Jarguín, Olivier Duron
Ticks are among the most important vectors of pathogens affecting humans and other animals worldwide. They do not only carry pathogens however, as a diverse group of commensal and symbiotic microorganisms are also present in ticks. Unlike pathogens, their biology and their effect on ticks remain largely unexplored, and are in fact often neglected. Nonetheless, they can confer multiple detrimental, neutral, or beneficial effects to their tick hosts, and can play various roles in fitness, nutritional adaptation, development, reproduction, defense against environmental stress, and immunity...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641923/rhodobacteraceae-on-the-marine-brown-alga-fucus-spiralis-are-abundant-and-show-physiological-adaptation-to-an-epiphytic-lifestyle
#11
Marco Dogs, Bernd Wemheuer, Laura Wolter, Nils Bergen, Rolf Daniel, Meinhard Simon, Thorsten Brinkhoff
Macroalgae harbour specific microbial communities on their surface that have functions related to host health and defence. In this study, the bacterial biofilm of the marine brown alga Fucus spiralis was investigated using 16S rRNA gene amplicon-based analysis and isolation of bacteria. Rhodobacteraceae (Alphaproteobacteria) were the predominant family constituting 23% of the epibacterial community. At the genus level, Sulfitobacter, Loktanella, Octadecabacter and a previously undescribed cluster were most abundant, and together they comprised 89% of the Rhodobacteraceae...
June 15, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641372/comparison-of-sociodemographic-and-health-related-characteristics-of-uk-biobank-participants-with-the-general-population
#12
Anna Fry, Thomas J Littlejohns, Cathie Sudlow, Nicola Doherty, Ligia Adamska, Tim Sprosen, Rory Collins, Naomi E Allen
UK Biobank is a population-based cohort of 500,000 participants recruited between 2006 and 2010. Approximately 9.2 million individuals aged 40-69 years who lived within 25 miles of the 22 assessment centres in England, Wales and Scotland were invited, and 5.4% participated in the baseline assessment. The representativeness of the UK Biobank cohort was investigated by comparing demographic characteristics between non-responders and responders. Sociodemographic, physical, lifestyle and health-related characteristics of the cohort were compared with nationally representative data sources...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641282/health-related-genetic-direct-to-consumer-tests-in-the-german-setting-the-available-offer-and-the-potential-implications-for-a-solidarily-financed-health-care-system
#13
Marika Plöthner, Mike Klora, Daniel Rudolph, Johann-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg
BACKGROUND: The global genetic direct-to-consumer (DTC) market will reach a volume of USD 230 billion in 2018. The expenditures for this genetic analysis are borne by the customer, whereas consequential costs may arise for a solidarily financed system. In a first step, it is essential to gain an overview of the currently available offer in the German setting. METHODS: In April 2016, we conducted a systematic internet search in the Google search engine. In November 2016, we updated the information of the webpages in terms of country, language, types of health-related tests, additional offer of non-health-related DTC test, information about sensitivity and specificity, certification and accreditation, costs as well as reference to German Act on Genetic Testing...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641158/determinants-of-cortisol-during-pregnancy-the-abcd-cohort
#14
Laura S Bleker, Tessa J Roseboom, Tanja G Vrijkotte, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susanne R de Rooij
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress during pregnancy has been proposed as a major contributor of glucocorticoid-mediated programming of the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis, with later adverse health consequences. However, evidence linking maternal stress to maternal cortisol values during pregnancy is inconclusive. A possible explanation for this is that other maternal factors overshadow any potential effects of stress on cortisol levels. We studied a large cohort of pregnant women with extensive data on pregnancy characteristics to determine the respective contributions of biological, environmental and psychosocial stress factors to cortisol levels in pregnancy...
May 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640213/the-association-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-and-elevated-glycated-hemoglobin-values-a-longitudinal-study-of-non-diabetic-participants-of-a-preventive-health-program
#15
Lalani L Munasinghe, Marco F Mastroeni, Silmara S B S Mastroeni, Sarah A Loehr, John Paul Ekwaru, Paul J Veugelers
The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is sharply on the rise, both in Canada and worldwide. As addressing its root causes, i.e., promotion of healthy lifestyles and weight management, has been largely unsuccessful, new clues for primary prevention seem essential to curbing the increasing public health burden of T2D. In the present study, we examined whether improvements in vitamin D status, i.e., serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations, are paralleled by a reduction in the risk for reaching adverse glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in a community sample of non-diabetic volunteers participating in a preventive health program that encourages the use of vitamin D...
June 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639601/faecal-microbiota-of-healthy-adults-in-south-india-comparison-of-a-tribal-a-rural-population
#16
Balamurugan Ramadass, B Sandya Rani, Srinivasan Pugazhendhi, K R John, Balakrishnan S Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The relevance of the gut microbiota to human health is increasingly appreciated. The objective of this study was to compare the gut microbiota of a group of adult tribals with that of healthy adult villagers in Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS: Faeces were collected from 10 healthy tribal adults (TAs) in the Jawadhi hills and from 10 healthy villagers [rural adults (RAs)] in Vellore district, Tamil Nadu. DNA was extracted, and 456 bp segments comprising hypervariable regions 3 and 4 of the 16S rRNA gene were amplified, barcoded and 454 sequenced...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638713/the-behavioral-and-physiological-effects-of-high-fat-diet-and-alcohol-consumption-sex-differences-in-c57bl6-j-mice
#17
Rachel R Gelineau, Nicole L Arruda, Jasmin A Hicks, Isabella Monteiro De Pina, Aikaterini Hatzidis, Joseph A Seggio
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Animal studies can be a great tool to investigate sex differences in a variety of different ways, including behavioral and physiological responses to drug treatments and different "lifestyle variables" such as diets. Consumption of both high-fat diets and alcohol is known to affect anxiety behaviors and overall health. This project investigated how high-fat diet and alcohol access and its combination affected the behavior and physiology of male and female C57BL/6J mice...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638599/obesity-and-kidney-disease-hidden-consequences-of-the-epidemic
#18
Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan L Furth, Carmine Zoccali
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and also for chronic kidney disease (CKD). A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset CKD. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of developing CKD in the long term...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638246/prevalence-of-painful-temporomandibular-disorders-and-correlation-to-lifestyle-factors-among-adolescents-in-norway
#19
Vegard Østensjø, Ketil Moen, Trond Storesund, Annika Rosén
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD-P) among adolescents and to investigate correlations with health, environment, and lifestyle factors. METHODS: For this cross-sectional case-control study, 562 patients were consecutively recruited at their yearly revision control from four dental clinics in Rogaland County, Norway. Patients completed a questionnaire on general health, socioeconomics, demographics, and lifestyle factors...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637722/cross-sectional-surveillance-study-to-phenotype-lorry-drivers-sedentary-behaviours-physical-activity-and-cardio-metabolic-health
#20
Veronica Varela-Mato, Orlagh O'Shea, James A King, Thomas Yates, David J Stensel, Stuart Jh Biddle, Myra A Nimmo, Stacy A Clemes
OBJECTIVES: Elevated risk factors for a number of chronic diseases have been identified in lorry drivers. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as a lack of physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary behaviour (sitting) likely contribute to this elevated risk. This study behaviourally phenotyped UK lorry drivers' sedentary and non-sedentary behaviours during workdays and non-workdays and examined markers of drivers cardio-metabolic health. SETTING: A transport company from the East Midlands, UK...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
21330
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"