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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334202/lifestyle-related-factors-associated-with-reproductive-health-in-couples-seeking-fertility-treatments-results-of-a-pilot-study
#1
Marie-Lou Piché, Véronique Babineau, Julie Robitaille, Émilie Lachance, Stephanie-May Ruchat
Background: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger prospective cohort study, which will aim at determining the independent contribution of male and female lifestyle-related factors to assisted reproductive technology (ART) success. The study also examined whether couples seeking fertility treatments present lifestyle-related factors that may interfere with their reproductive health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot study was conducted in a fertility clinic between May 2015 and February 2016...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333923/perception-and-practice-of-hiv-aids-counseling-and-testing-among-secondary-school-adolescents-in-ogun-waterside-local-government-area-ogun-state-southwest-nigeria
#2
Adekunle D Alabi, Olalekan A Oke, Babatunde O Adedokun, Tamramat I Runsewe-Abiodun
A large proportion of Nigerian adolescents are sexually active and the country has one of the highest HIV prevalence among youths globally. This study was done to assess the perception and practice of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing (HCT) among secondary school adolescents in a rural community in Southwest Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out using multistage sampling method. The results showed that despite high level of HCT awareness, majority of the adolescents (62.9%) had negative attitude toward it...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333817/anthropometric-and-biochemical-assessment-of-nutritional-status-and-dietary-intake-in-school-children-aged-6-14-years-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina
#3
Lorena Lázaro Cuesta, Analía Rearte, Sergio Rodríguez, Melina Niglia, Horacio Scipioni, Diego Rodríguez, Rosalía Salinas, Claudia Sosa, Stella Rasse
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic. School age and adolescence are critical stages for the implementation of eating and lifestyle habits. OBJECTIVE: To assess anthropometric and biochemical assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake in children, their relationship with socioeconomic factors and georeferencing. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in schoolchildren aged 6-14 years from the District of General Pueyrredon, during August-November 2013...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333504/community-based-physical-activity-as-adjunctive-smoking-cessation-treatment-rationale-design-and-baseline-data-for-the-lifestyle-enhancement-program-leap-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Mark W Vander Weg, Mace Coday, Michelle B Stockton, Barbara McClanahan, George Relyea, Mary C Read, Nancy Wilson, Stephanie Connelly, Phyllis Richey, Karen C Johnson, Kenneth D Ward
Despite advances in behavioral and pharmacological treatment for tobacco use and dependence, quit rates remain suboptimal. Increasing physical activity has shown some promise as a strategy for improving cessation outcomes. However, initial efficacy studies focused on intensive, highly structured exercise programs that may not be applicable to the general population of smokers. We describe the rationale and study design and report baseline participant characteristics from the Lifestyle Enhancement Program (LEAP), a two-group, randomized controlled trial...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333495/integrating-prevention-and-health-promotion-in-a-london-prison
#5
Adam John Finnie
Many people enter prison with poor health from a background of deprivation and with unhealthy lifestyle habits, yet spending time in prisons is often actively detrimental to health. There is therefore a clear value in providing high-quality health promotion services in prisons that are effective at reaching those who need support to improve their lifestyle. The health promotion service at HMP Brixton provides a health trainers clinic to address lifestyle issues but found that it was sometimes challenging to identify appropriate patients and that the service was inefficient as a result...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331849/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-health-determinants-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-malaysia
#6
Yong Kang Cheah, Mohd Azahadi, Siew Nooi Phang, Noor Hazilah Abd Manaf
Suicide has become a serious matter in both developed and developing countries. The objective of the present study is to examine the factors affecting suicidal behaviour among adults in Malaysia. A nationally representative data which consists of 10,141 respondents is used for analysis. A trivariate probit model is utilised to identify the probability of having suicide ideation, suicide plan and suicide attempt. Results of the regression analysis show that to ensure unbiased estimates, a trivariate probit model should be used instead of three separate probit models...
January 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331276/analyzing-recommender-systems-for-health-promotion-using-a-multidisciplinary-taxonomy-a-scoping-review
#7
Santiago Hors-Fraile, Octavio Rivera-Romero, Francine Schneider, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Francisco Luna-Perejon, Anton Civit-Balcells, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Recommender systems are information retrieval systems that provide users with relevant items (e.g., through messages). Despite their extensive use in the e-commerce and leisure domains, their application in healthcare is still in its infancy. These systems may be used to create tailored health interventions, thus reducing the cost of healthcare and fostering a healthier lifestyle in the population. OBJECTIVE: This paper identifies, categorizes, and analyzes the existing knowledge in terms of the literature published over the past 10 years on the use of health recommender systems for patient interventions...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330695/glucosuria-and-all-cause-mortality-among-general-screening-participants
#8
Kunitoshi Iseki, Tsuneo Konta, Koichi Asahi, Kunihiro Yamagata, Shouichi Fujimoto, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ichiei Narita, Masato Kasahara, Yugo Shibagaki, Toshiki Moriyama, Masahide Kondo, Chiho Iseki, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Dipstick urine tests are used for general health screening in Japan, but how the test results (e.g., glucosuria) relate to mortality is unknown. METHODS: Subjects participated in a nationwide screening in 2008 in six districts in Japan. We identified those who might have died using the national database of death certificates from 2008 to 2012 (total registered ~ 6 million) and verified candidates with the regional National Health Insurance Agency and public health nurses...
January 12, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330237/-the-hand-on-the-doorknob-visit-agenda-setting-by-complex-patients-and-their-primary-care-physicians
#9
Christine P Kowalski, Deanna B McQuillan, Neetu Chawla, Courtney Lyles, Andrea Altschuler, Connie S Uratsu, Elizabeth A Bayliss, Michele Heisler, Richard W Grant
BACKGROUND: Choosing which issues to discuss in the limited time available during primary care visits is an important task for complex patients with chronic conditions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted sequential interviews with complex patients (n = 40) and their primary care physicians (n = 17) from 3 different health systems to investigate how patients and physicians prepare for visits, how visit agendas are determined, and how discussion priorities are established during time-limited visits...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330029/association-of-100-fruit-juice-consumption-and-3-year-weight-change-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#10
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, James Krieger, Bessie A Young, Joseph Larson, Lesley Tinker, Marian L Neuhouser
The association between drinking 100% fruit juice and long-term weight gain is controversial and has been investigated in few studies. We examined whether 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with weight change in a large prospective cohort of postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from 49,106 postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Food frequency questionnaires at baseline and year 3 assessed food and beverage intake. Body weight was measured at in-person clinic visits...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330002/choosing-a-healthy-and-sustainable-diet-a-three-level-approach-for-understanding-the-drivers-of-the-italians-dietary-regime-over-time
#11
Ilaria Benedetti, Tiziana Laureti, Luca Secondi
Dietary patterns play key roles in health promotion and in preserving the environment. A growing number of studies show the importance of individual factors on food consumption choices, such as socio-economic status, lifestyle variables and contextual and social factors that characterize the geographical area in which individuals reside. The Mediterranean Diet is a sustainable diet that respects the environment, thus reducing per capita emissions from food production in respect to less sustainable diet. The aim of this paper is to determine the Italians' prevailing food patterns using a composite indicator and to identify which factors determine a higher adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Italy...
January 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329975/risk-of-suicide-and-non-fatal-self-harm-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-two-matched-cohort-studies
#12
Martin Neovius, Gustaf Bruze, Peter Jacobson, Kajsa Sjöholm, Kari Johansson, Fredrik Granath, Johan Sundström, Ingmar Näslund, Claude Marcus, Johan Ottosson, Markku Peltonen, Lena M S Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces mortality, but might have adverse effects on mental health. We assessed the risk of suicide and self-harm after bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical obesity treatment. METHODS: Suicide and non-fatal self-harm events retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers were examined in two cohorts. The non-randomised, prospective Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study compared bariatric surgery (n=2010; 1369 vertical-banded gastroplasty, 376 gastric banding, and 265 gastric bypass) with usual care (n=2037; recruitment 1987-2001)...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#13
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327722/healthy-lifestyle-habits-benefit-remission-of-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-and-ras-type-ulceration
#14
L Ge
In a clinical setting, it is not practical to separate recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) from RAS-type ulceration in every case, so both conditions have been considered together for the purpose of this article. Due to the lack of consistently effective therapeutic options for RAS, other approaches to treat the disease are considered here, beginning with an analysis of possible aetiological factors. The aetiology of RAS, the most common mucosal disease, remains undefined thus far. A few researchers have proposed psychological disorders as a major factor impacting RAS...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327405/from-non-encounters-to-autonomic-agency-conceptions-of-patients-with-low-back-pain-about-their-encounters-in-the-health-care-system
#15
Riikka Holopainen, Arja Piirainen, Ari Heinonen, Jaro Karppinen, Peter O'Sullivan
Low back pain is a considerable health problem which affects people around the world, causing major healthcare costs. The use of qualitative research methods enables us to describe and understand patients' experience of, and attitudes to, healthcare. The aim of the present phenomenographic study was to identify and describe the contextual nature of the conceptions of patients with low back pain of their encounters in the HCS. Seventeen patients with chronic or episodic low back pain classified as "high risk" were interviewed in open recall interviews, using videos of patients' initial physiotherapy sessions that had been recorded previously...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327140/children-s-experiences-of-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#16
REVIEW
Lauren S H Chong, Dominic A Fitzgerald, Jonathan C Craig, Karine E Manera, Camilla S Hanson, David Celermajer, Julian Ayer, Nadine A Kasparian, Allison Tong
We aimed to describe the experiences of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Electronic databases were searched until August 2016. Qualitative studies of children's perspectives on CHD were included. Data was extracted using thematic synthesis. From 44 studies from 12 countries involving 995 children, we identified 6 themes: disrupting normality (denying the diagnosis, oscillating between sickness and health, destabilizing the family dynamic), powerlessness in deteriorating health (preoccupation with impending mortality, vulnerability to catastrophic complications, exhaustion from medical testing), enduring medical ordeals (traumatized by invasive procedures, disappointed by treatment failure, displaced by transition, valuing empathy and continuity in care, overcoming uncertainty with information), warring with the body (losing stamina, distressing inability to participate in sport, distorted body image, testing the limits), hampering potential and goals (feeling disabled, unfair judgment and exclusion, difficulties with academic achievement, limiting attainment and maintenance of life milestones), and establishing one's own pace (demarcating disease from life, determination to survive, taking limitations in their stride, embracing the positives, finding personal enrichment, relying on social or spiritual support)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326504/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-following-third-molar-surgery-in-an-african-population
#17
Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
Introduction: Surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars is often associated with sequelae such as postoperative pain, facial edema, and limitation in mouth opening ability. These sequelae may result in changes in the patients' lifestyle and quality of life (QoL). Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars on patients' QoL in the immediate postoperative period (7 days). Materials and Methods: Ethical approval for this study was obtained from the Health Research and Ethics committee of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325405/who-fctc-as-a-pioneering-and-learning-instrument-comment-on-the-legal-strength-of-international-health-instruments-what-it-brings-to-global-health-governance
#18
Pekka Puska
The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is a unique global health instrument, since it is in the health field the only instrument that is international law. After the 10 years of its existence an Independent Expert Group assessed the impact of the FCTC using all available data and visiting a number of countries interviewing different stakeholders. It is quite clear that the Treaty has acted as a strong catalyst and framework for national actions and that remarkable progress in global tobacco control can be seen...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325019/deep-molecular-phenotypes-link-complex-disorders-and-physiological-insult-to-cpg-methylation
#19
Shaza B Zaghlool, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Sara Kader, Nisha Stephan, Anna Halama, Rudolf Engelke, Hina Sarwath, Eman K Al-Dous, Yasmin A Mohamoud, Werner Roemisch-Margl, Jerzy Adamski, Gabi Kastenmüller, Nele Friedrich, Alessia Visconti, Pei-Chien Tsai, Tim Spector, Jordana Bell, Mario Falchi, Annika Wahl, Melanie Waldenberger, Annette Peters, Christian Gieger, Maija Pezer, Gordan Lauc, Johannes Graumann, Joel A Malek, Karsten Suhre
Epigenetic regulation of cellular function provides a mechanism for rapid organismal adaptation to changes in health, lifestyle, and environment. Associations of cytosine-guanine di-nucleotide (CpG) methylation with clinical endpoints that overlap with metabolic phenotypes suggest a regulatory role for these CpG sites in the body's response to disease or environmental stress. We previously identified 20 CpG sites in an epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) with metabolomics that were also associated in recent EWASs with diabetes-, obesity-, and smoking-related endpoints...
January 8, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324997/skin-lighteners-and-hair-relaxers-as-risk-factors-for-breast-cancer-results-from-the-ghana-breast-health-study
#20
Louise A Brinton, Jonine D Figueroa, Daniel Ansong, Kofi M Nyarko, Seth Wiafe, Joel Yarney, Richard Biritwum, Michelle Brotzman, Jake E Thistle, Ernest Adjei, Francis Aitpillah, Florence Dedey, Lawrence Edusei, Nicholas Titiloye, Baffour Awuah, Joe Nat Clegg-Lamptey, Beatrice Wiafe-Addai, Verna Vanderpuye
Skin lighteners and hair relaxers, both common among women of African descent, have been suggested as possibly affecting breast cancer risk. In Accra and Kumasi, Ghana, we collected detailed information on usage patterns of both exposures among 1,131 invasive breast cancer cases and 2,106 population-controls. Multivariate analyses estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) after adjustment for breast cancer risk factors. Control usage was 25.8% for ever use of skin lighteners and 90.0% for use of hair relaxers for >1 year...
January 6, 2018: Carcinogenesis
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