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Alternative medicine health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639522/crowdfunding-an-innovative-way-to-fund-your-project
#1
Dawn-Marie Walker
Background Getting research funded is extremely difficult, with research councils rejecting more than 70% of grant applications ( Else 2014 ). It is even more difficult if you are a junior researcher who doesn't have a track record of being awarded grant money or leading a research project. Crowdfunding may offer a solution. It is a method of raising funds from members of the public online and can offer an alternative to the more formal methods of research funding. Aim To outline how this model works and provide tips on designing a campaign...
June 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639424/parental-attitudes-toward-pediatric-use-of-complementary-alternative-medicine-in-turkey
#2
Fadime Ustuner Top, Dilek Konuk Sener, Sengul Cangur
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the pediatric usage of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) by parents in Turkey, the incidence of using these methods, and the factors affecting their use. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sectional and relational design of the study included a sample of 497 parents who took children for treatment at the Maternity and Children's Hospital in Giresun, Turkey. Data for the study were collected via the Personal Information Form and the Evaluation Form for Complementary/Alternative Treatment Use...
June 21, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637072/-how-to-classify-and-evaluate-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-in-oncology
#3
Anke Ernst, Stefanie Klein
There are a vast number of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) in oncology. Also patients' needs for information on these methods are growing. Helping patients to classify and evaluate CAM methods is a challenge. The Cancer Information Service at the German Cancer Research Center has developed a benefit-risk-assessment based on evidence-based medicine and individual patient traits: To rate a CAM's benefit, the scientific evidence and the patient's therapeutic goals have to be taken into account. To estimate its risks, both, the method itself and the patient's status of health must be considered...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634545/herbal-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-tanzanian-adults-admitted-with-hypertension-related-diseases-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Anthony Liwa, Rebecca Roediger, Hyasinta Jaka, Amina Bougaila, Luke Smart, Stacey Langwick, Robert Peck
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is increasingly common in sub-Saharan Africa where traditional medicine use is also common. We conducted a hospital-based, mixed-methods study to determine prevalence, pattern, and correlates of herbal and alternative medicine use in Tanzanian adults hospitalized with hypertension. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was administered. In-depth interviews were performed on a subset of participants. Factors associated with herbal medicine use were determined by logistic regression...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634471/a-chitin-binding-protein-purified-from-moringa-oleifera-seeds-presents-anticandidal-activity-by-increasing-cell-membrane-permeability-and-reactive-oxygen-species-production
#5
João X S Neto, Mirella L Pereira, Jose T A Oliveira, Lady C B Rocha-Bezerra, Tiago D P Lopes, Helen P S Costa, Daniele O B Sousa, Bruno A M Rocha, Thalles B Grangeiro, José E C Freire, Ana Cristina O Monteiro-Moreira, Marina D P Lobo, Raimunda S N Brilhante, Ilka M Vasconcelos
Candida species are opportunistic pathogens that infect immunocompromised and/or immunosuppressed patients, particularly in hospital facilities, that besides representing a significant threat to health increase the risk of mortality. Apart from echinocandins and triazoles, which are well tolerated, most of the antifungal drugs used for candidiasis treatment can cause side effects and lead to the development of resistant strains. A promising alternative to the conventional treatments is the use of plant proteins...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631171/qualitative-assessment-of-vaccination-hesitancy-among-members-of-the-apostolic-church-of-zimbabwe-a-case-study
#6
Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629411/prevalence-and-predictors-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-people-with-coronary-heart-disease-or-at-risk-for-this-in-the-sixth-troms%C3%A3-study-a-comparative-analysis-using-protection-motivation-theory
#7
Agnete E Kristoffersen, Fuschia M Sirois, Trine Stub, Anne Helen Hansen
BACKGROUND: Engagement in healthy lifestyle behaviors, such as healthy diet and regular physical activity, are known to reduce the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD). Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is known to be associated with having a healthy lifestyle. The primary aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of CAM use in CHD patients, and in those without CHD but at risk for developing CHD, using Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) as a guiding conceptual framework...
June 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625995/novel-antibiotic-resistance-determinants-from-agricultural-soil-exposed-to-antibiotics-widely-used-in-human-medicine-and-animal-farming
#8
Calvin Ho-Fung Lau, Kalene van Engelen, Stephen Gordon, Justin Renaud, Edward Topp
Antibiotic resistance has emerged globally as one of the biggest threats to human and animal health. Although the excessive use of antibiotics is recognized for accelerating the selection for resistance, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting that natural environments are "hotspots" for the development of both ancient and contemporary resistance mechanisms. Given that pharmaceuticals can be entrained onto agricultural land through anthropogenic activities, this could be a potential driver for the emergence and dissemination of resistance in soil bacteria...
June 16, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619298/alternative-medicine-worker-health-and-absenteeism-in-the-united-states
#9
Kate Rybczynski
Health related absenteeism costs an estimated $153 billion annually in the United States (Witters and Agrawal, 2011).(1) Chronic conditions (major contributors to absenteeism) are often successfully managed by Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). As CAM becomes an increasingly visible component of healthcare, firms may wish to consider whether CAM therapies can help reduce illness-related absenteeism. This paper aims to extend the literature on healthcare utilization and absenteeism by exploring whether CAM treatment is associated with fewer workdays missed due to illness...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615153/-click-for-closer-care-a-content-analysis-of-community-pharmacy-websites-in-four-countries
#10
Sandra Zwier
BACKGROUND: Combinations of professional and commercial communication are typically very controversial, particularly in health care communication on the Internet. Websites of licensed community pharmacies on the other hand tend to raise remarkably little controversy, although they typically contain controversial combinations of clinical and commercial services previously unprecedented in professional health care communication. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to fill the void of knowledge about the combination of clinical and commercial services presented on the websites of licensed community pharmacies...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615021/general-perception-and-self-practice-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-of-bangladesh
#11
Bijoy Laxmi Saha, Md Omar Reza Seam, Md Mainul Islam, Abhijit Das, Sayed Koushik Ahamed, Palash Karmakar, Md Fokhrul Islam, Sukalyan Kumar Kundu
BACKGROUND: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is a combination of herbal medicine, traditional therapies, and mind-body intervention. This descriptive study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, perception and self-use of CAM among Bangladeshi undergraduate pharmacy students. The study also evaluated their opinions about its integration into the pharmacy course curriculum. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study conducted on 250 pharmacy students of five reputed public universities of Bangladesh...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615007/rhythm-centred-music-making-in-community-living-elderly-a-randomized-pilot-study
#12
Angela Frances Yap, Yu Heng Kwan, Chuen Seng Tan, Syed Ibrahim, Seng Bin Ang
BACKGROUND: Quality of life has become an important aspect in the measurement of the health of an individual as the population ages. Rhythm-centred music making (RMM) has been shown to improve physical, psychological and social health. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of RMM on quality of life, depressive mood, sleep quality and social isolation in the elderly. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial with cross over was conducted. 54 participants were recruited with 27 participants in each arm...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614741/iopromide-exposure-in-typha-latifolia-l-evaluation-of-uptake-translocation-and-different-transformation-mechanisms-in-planta
#13
Hao Cui, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Peter Schröder
Iopromide is frequently detected in water bodies due to its widespread use as an X-ray contrast agent in medicine. Due to its rapid clearance from the human body and its incomplete removal by wastewater treatment, an elevation of its concentration in the environment is observed that might lead to a serious impact on human and environmental health. Alternative or additional removal technologies may be more effective to remove iopromide from the effluents of wastewater treatment facilities, like phytoremediation with aquatic macrophytes...
June 4, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606081/isolation-of-anti-mycobacterial-compounds-from-curtisia-dentata-burm-f-c-a-sm-curtisiaceae
#14
Victor O Fadipe, Nkoana I Mongalo, Andy R Opoku, Preachers M Dikhoba, Tshepiso J Makhafola
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is counted amongst the most infectious and lethal illnesses worldwide and remains one of the major threats to human health. The aim of the current study was to isolate and characterize anti-mycobacterial compounds present in Curtisia dentata (Burm.f.) C.A.Sm , a medicinal plant reportedly used in the treatment of tuberculosis, stomach ailments and sexually transmitted infections. METHODS: The bioassay guided principle was followed to isolate the anti-mycobacterial compounds...
June 12, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605334/an-overview-of-culinary-and-medicinal-mushrooms-in-neurodegeneration-and-neurotrauma-research
#15
Kah-Hui Wong, Chai-Chee Ng, Gowri Kanagasabapathy, Yoon-Yen Yow, Vikineswary Sabaratnam
Culinary and medicinal mushrooms have been appreciated since prehistoric times as valuable resources for food and medicine. Edible mushrooms represent an untapped source of nutraceuticals and valuable palatable food. Long considered tonics, they are now treasured as functional foods that can improve human health and quality of life. Numerous studies have provided insights into the neuroprotective effects of edible mushrooms, which are attributed to their antioxidant, antineuroinflammatory, and cholinesterase inhibitory properties, and their ability to prevent neuronal death...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603717/assessment-of-the-risk-to-public-health-due-to-use-of-antimicrobials-in-pigs-an-example-of-pleuromutilins-in-denmark
#16
Lis Alban, Johanne Ellis-Iversen, Margit Andreasen, Jan Dahl, Ute W Sönksen
Antibiotic consumption in pigs can be optimized by developing treatment guidelines, which encourage veterinarians to use effective drugs with low probability of developing resistance of importance for human health. In Denmark, treatment guidelines for use in swine production are currently under review at the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration. Use of pleuromutilins in swine has previously been associated with a very low risk for human health. However, recent international data and sporadic findings of novel resistance genes suggest a change of risk...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596675/cautiously-using-natural-medicine-to-treat-liver-problems
#17
EDITORIAL
Fei Xiong, Yong-Song Guan
Natural medicine is a system of therapy that administrates natural agents and their derivatives to treat human diseases. This medicine has been used to treat many kinds of human diseases for thousands of years. The treatment protocols of natural medicine are integrative in nature, and are required to utilize the most appropriate therapies to address the needs of the individual patient. Because of the relative convenience, safety and efficacy, natural medicine is now increasing worldwide. Naturopathic doctors are licensed in many areas of the world and regulated partly by law in these areas, which is quite different from various other forms of complementary and alternative medicine...
May 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596049/modern-science-for-better-quality-control-of-medicinal-products-towards-global-harmonization-of-3rs-in-biologicals-the-report-of-an-epaa-workshop
#18
Katrin Schutte, Anna Szczepanska, Marlies Halder, Klaus Cussler, Ursula G Sauer, Catrina Stirling, Sylvie Uhlrich, Iwona Wilk-Zasadna, David John, Martin Bopst, Joerg Garbe, Harrie L Glansbeek, Robin Levis, Pieter-Jan Serreyn, Dean Smith, Paul Stickings
This article summarizes the outcome of an international workshop organized by the European Partnership for Alternative Approaches to Animal Testing (EPAA) on Modern science for better quality control of medicinal products: Towards global harmonization of 3Rs in biologicals. As regards the safety testing of biologicals, the workshop participants agreed to actively encourage the deletion of abnormal toxicity tests and target animal batch safety tests from all relevant legal requirements and guidance documents (country-specific guidelines, pharmacopoeia monographs, WHO recommendations)...
June 5, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595441/healing-spirituality-and-integrative-medicine
#19
David M Steinhorn, Jana Din, Angela Johnson
Spirituality plays a prominent role in the lives of most palliative patients whether or not they formally adhere to a specific religion and belief. As a result, the palliative care team is frequently called upon to support families who are experiencing their "dark night of the soul" and struggling to make sense of their lives during a healthcare crisis. While conventional religious practices provide a source of comfort and guidance for many of our patients, a significant number of our patients do not have a strong religious community to which to turn...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593025/ziziphus-nummularia-inhibits-inflammation-induced-atherogenic-phenotype-of-human-aortic-smooth-muscle-cells
#20
Manal Fardoun, Tuqa Al-Shehabi, Ahmed El-Yazbi, Khodr Issa, Fouad Zouein, Dina Maaliki, Rabah Iratni, Ali H Eid
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be the leading cause of death worldwide. Atherosclerosis is a CVD characterized by plaque formation resulting from inflammation-induced insults to endothelial cells, monocytes, and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Despite significant advances, current treatments for atherosclerosis remain insufficient, prompting the search for alternative modalities, including herbal medicine. Ziziphus nummularia is an herb commonly used in the amelioration of symptoms associated with many health conditions such as cold, diarrhea, cancer, and diabetes...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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