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Alternative medicine health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729171/exercise-therapy-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Gregor Kuntze, Colleen Nesbitt, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Clodagh Toomey, Shane Esau, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Jena Shank, Julia Brooks, Susanne Benseler, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise interventions on improving outcomes across domains of functioning and disability in children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases were systematically searched up to December 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Original data, analytic prospective design, physical therapy led exercise intervention evaluation, children and adolescents with JIA, and assessment of functional, structural, activity, participation or quality of life outcomes...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729099/implementing-a-cervical-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-program-quality-improvement-in-gynaecologic-oncology
#2
Maria C Cusimano, Rachel Walker, Marcus Q Bernardini, Geneviève Bouchard-Fortier, Stephane Laframboise, Taymaa May, Joan Murphy, Barry Rosen, Al Covens, Blaise Clarke, Patricia Shaw, Marjan Rouzbahman, Ravi Mohan, Sarah E Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is becoming a reasonable alternative to pelvic lymphadenectomy in early-stage cervical cancer. It is therefore imperative that centres without prior experience are able to successfully implement the procedure. The objectives of the current study were to (1) describe the process of implementing an SLN biopsy program with a novel peer mentorship component and (2) assess post-program quality improvement metrics, including SLN detection rate (DR) and diagnostic parameters...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725842/understanding-patients-process-to-use-medical-marijuana-a-southern-new-jersey-community-engagement-project
#3
Tara L Crowell
Given the necessity to better understand the process patients need to go through in order to seek treatment via medical marijuana, this study investigates this process to better understand this phenomenon. Specifically, Compassion Care Foundation (CCF) and Stockton University worked together to identify a solution to this problem. Specifically, 240 new patients at CCF were asked to complete a 1-page survey regarding various aspects associated with their experience prior to their use of medicinal marijuana-diagnosis, what prompted them to seek treatment, level of satisfaction with specific stages in the process, total length of time the process took, and patient's level of pain...
September 2016: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715459/efficacy-of-abdominal-acupuncture-for-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lai Fun Ho, Zhi Xiu Lin, Albert Wing Nang Leung, Liyi Chen, Hongwei Zhang, Bacon Fung Leung Ng, Eric Tat Chi Ziea, Yuanqi Guo
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide evidence regarding the clinical efficacy of abdominal acupuncture for neck pain. METHODS: This randomized, patient and assessor-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted at a Chinese medicine center in Hong Kong between November 2014 and March 2016. A total of 154 eligible participants (age range, 18-65 years) with neck pain were randomly assigned to receive abdominal (n = 77) or non-penetrating sham abdominal (sham group; n = 77) acupuncture...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712435/are-modern-health-worries-associated-with-medical-conspiracy-theories
#5
Y Lahrach, A Furnham
This study was concerned with whether Medical Conspiracy Theories (MCTs), along with other variables (demographics, ideology and health perceptions) are associated with Modern Health Worries (MHWs). MCTs were significantly associated with MHWs over and above all other variables. Older individuals, with more religious and right-wing beliefs had higher MHWs. In addition, those who used Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) and individuals who perceived their mental health as worse than their peers were also more likely to display higher MHWs...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709077/phytonanotherapy-for-management-of-diabetes-using-green-synthesis-nanoparticles
#6
K Anand, C Tiloke, Pragalathan Naidoo, A A Chuturgoon
The world has a rich diversity of indigenous medicinal plants. The World Health Organization (WHO) gives high priority to eco-friendly, non-hazardous and cost effective healthcare such as the use of medicinal plants to treat various illnesses, including Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), tuberculosis (TB), diabetes mellitus (DM), malaria, and cancer. In developing countries, a high proportion of the population tends to use complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) together with conventional prescription drugs...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700259/mixed-method-study-to-investigate-models-of-australian-integrative-oncology
#7
EunJin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeongsang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the models of services and experiences of coordinators and directors engaged in providing complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) or integrative medicine (IM) in oncology centers throughout Australia. DESIGN: Fourteen leaders of IM programs from ten systematically selected Australian oncology centers were interviewed. Participants described their center's service model. Interview transcripts were thematically analyzed to identify underlying themes...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698706/personhood-status-of-the-human-zygote-embryo-fetus
#8
John Janez Miklavcic, Paul Flaman
The fields of biology, medicine, and embryology have described the developmental milestones of humans throughout gestation in great detail. It is less clear as to when humans are recognized as people, persons, or beings with rights that are protected by legislation. The practice of law is irrevocably intertwined with that of ethical conduct; and the time at which a human life is considered a person has implications that extend to health care, legislation on abortion, and autonomy of individuals. This article reviews the economical position that fertilization is the moment that personhood of the conceptus begins...
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696250/american-heart-association-s-call-to-action-for-payment-and-delivery-system-reform
#9
REVIEW
Vincent J Bufalino, Scott A Berkowitz, Timothy J Gardner, Ileana L Piña, Madeleine Konig
The healthcare system is undergoing a transition from paying for volume to paying for value. Clinicians, as well as public and private payers, are beginning to implement alternative delivery and payment models, such as the patient-centered medical home, accountable care organizations, and bundled payment arrangements. Implementation of these new models will necessitate delivery system transformation and will actively involve all fields of medical care, in particular medicine and surgery. This call to action, on behalf of the American Heart Association's Expert Panel on Payment and Delivery System Reform, serves to offer support and direction for further involvement by the American Heart Association...
July 10, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694266/comparing-medical-ecology-utilization-and-expenditures-between-1996-1997-and-2011-2012
#10
Michael E Johansen
PURPOSE: This study compared ecology (number of individuals using a service), utilization (number of services used), and expenditures (dollars spent) for various categories of medical services between primarily 1996-1997 and 2011-2012. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional study was performed using nationally representative data mainly from the 1996, 1997, 2011, and 2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). These data were augmented with the 2002-2003 MEPS as well as the 1999-2000 and 2011-2012 National Heath and Nutrition Examination Survey...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693595/biochemical-characterization-and-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-revealed-melicope-lunu-ankenda-leaf-extract-a-potent-anti-diabetic-agent-in-rats
#11
Mizher Hezam Al-Zuaidy, Muhammad Waseem Mumtaz, Azizah Abdul Hamid, Amin Ismail, Suhaila Mohamed, Ahmad Faizal Abdul Razis
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by continuous hyperglycemia associated with insulin resistance and /or reduced insulin secretion. There is an emerging trend regarding the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Melicope lunu-ankenda (ML) is one of the Melicope species belonging to the family Rutaceae. In traditional medicines, its leaves and flowers are known to exhibit prodigious health benefits. The present study aimed at investigating anti-diabetic effect of Melicope lunu-ankenda (ML) leaves extract...
July 10, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683579/communication-disability-in-fiji-community-self-help-and-help-seeking-support
#12
Suzanne C Hopf, Sharynne McLeod, Sarah H McDonagh, Cen Wang, Epenisa N Rakanace
PURPOSE: To understand how a Fijian community supports people with communication disability (PWCD) and whether their support is associated with participant demographics. METHOD: Thematic analysis of 144 questionnaires that asked about participants' actions to support a fictional child and adult with communication disability. RESULT: Participant responses fell into two categories: what they would do directly (self-help) and people and places where they would seek assistance (help-seeking)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682531/florida-best-practice-psychotherapeutic-medication-guidelines-for-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Roger S McIntyre, Trisha Suppes, Rajiv Tandon, Michael Ostacher
OBJECTIVE: Herein we provide the 2015 update for the Florida Best Practice Psychotherapeutic Medication Guidelines (FPG) for major depressive disorder (MDD). The FPG represent evidence-based decision support for practitioners providing care to adults with MDD. PARTICIPANTS: The consensus meeting included representatives from the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration (FAHCA), advocacy members, academic experts in MDD, and multidisciplinary mental health clinicians, as well as health policy experts...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680702/zinc-oxide-enriched-peat-influence-escherichia-coli-infection-related-diarrhea-growth-rates-serum-and-tissue-zinc-levels-in-norwegian-piglets-around-weaning-five-case-herd-trials
#14
M Oropeza-Moe, C A Grøntvedt, C J Phythian, H Sørum, A K Fauske, T Framstad
BACKGROUND: Zinc oxide (ZnO), commonly used to control post-weaning diarrhea in piglets, has been highlighted as of potential concern from an environmental perspective. The aim of this field trial was to examine effects of different sources and levels of ZnO added to peat on average daily weight gain (ADG), fecal score in pens and serum and tissue zinc (Zn) levels around time of weaning in order to reduce the environmental impact without loss of the beneficial effect of ZnO on intestinal health and growth...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675916/-termination-of-reimbursement-of-arthroscopy-in-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-is-this-decision-based-on-scientific-grounds
#15
Thoralf Randolph Liebs, Steffen Berger
Background In Germany, arthroscopy of the knee used to be an accepted procedure in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. However, as of April 1, 2016 reimbursement for this procedure has been discontinued. This was a decision of the Joint Federal Committee (Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss, G-BA). That decision was based on a report of the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG). This report is essentially based on a few studies, three of which have been published in the renowned New England Journal of Medicine...
July 4, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672855/ginsenoside-rh2-improves-cardiac-fibrosis-via-ppar%C3%AE-stat3-signaling-in-type-1-like-diabetic-rats
#16
Shih-Hsiang Lo, Chao-Tien Hsu, Ho-Shan Niu, Chiang-Shan Niu, Juei-Tang Cheng, Zhih-Cherng Chen
Ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) is an active principal ingredient contained in ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer), a medicinal herb used to enhance health worldwide. The present study is designed to investigate the effect of Rh2 on myocardial fibrosis in diabetic rats. In a streptozotocin-induced model of type-1 diabetic rats (STZ-diabetic rats), the increased fasting blood glucose levels and heart weight/body weight (HW/BW) ratio were substantially alleviated by Rh2. Moreover, Rh2 improved cardiac performance in STZ-diabetic rats...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670279/innovating-chinese-herbal-medicine-from-traditional-health-practice-to-scientific-drug-discovery
#17
Shuo Gu, Jianfeng Pei
As one of the major contemporary alternative medicines, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) continues its influence in Chinese communities and has begun to attract the academic attention in the world of western medicine. This paper aims to examine Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), the essential branch of TCM, from both narrative and scientific perspectives. CHM is a traditional health practice originated from Chinese philosophy and religion, holding the belief of holism and balance in the body. With the development of orthodox medicine and science during the last centuries, CHM also seized the opportunity to change from traditional health practice to scientific drug discovery illustrated in the famous story of the herb-derived drug artemisinin...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669581/efficacy-tolerability-and-safety-of-non-pharmacological-therapies-for-chronic-pain-an-umbrella-review-on-various-cam-approaches
#18
REVIEW
Bérengère Houzé, Héjar El-Khatib, Caroline Arbour
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies may be used as a non-pharmacological approach to chronic pain management. While hundreds of trials about individual CAM modality have been conducted, a comprehensive overview of their results is currently lacking for pain clinicians and researchers. AIM: This umbrella review synthesized the quality of meta-analytic evidence supporting the efficacy, tolerability and safety of CAM therapies for the management of chronic pain...
June 29, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669227/understanding-untreated-hypertension-from-patients-point-of-view-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-yogyakarta-province-indonesia
#19
Riana Rahmawati, Beata Bajorek
Objectives This study aimed to explore perspectives about hypertension from patients who do not take anti-hypertensive medications. Factors that shape their perspectives as well as patients' expectations were also canvassed. Method Individual, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 30 people (≥45 years old) living in rural villages, diagnosed with hypertension, who had not taken any anti-hypertensive medications for at least one year. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666435/prevalence-patterns-and-perceived-value-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-cancer-patients-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#20
Mandreker Bahall
BACKGROUND: Sophisticated conventional medicine (CM) has brought significant advances to cancer prevention, detection, and treatment. However, many cancer patients still turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment. This study explored the prevalence, patterns, and perceived value of CAM among cancer patients. METHODS: This quantitative descriptive study was conducted between March 1, 2015, and July 31, 2015, among a cross-sectional, convenience sample of patients from the Oncology Department of San Fernando General Hospital in Trinidad and Tobago...
June 30, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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