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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474265/global-mental-health-and-schizophrenia
#1
Laura Asher, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim was to synthesize recent evidence on schizophrenia illness experience and outcomes and models of care in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). RECENT FINDINGS: There is a plurality of explanatory models for psychosis and increasing evidence that context influences experiences of stigma. People with schizophrenia in LMICs are vulnerable to food insecurity, violence and physical health problems, in addition to unmet needs for mental healthcare...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473392/-objective-over-recent-years-therapeutic-patient-education-has-become-part-of-dental-medicine-management-of-early-childhood-caries-known-to-be-a-very-common-chronic-disease-has-evolved-to-include-an-educational-dimension-the-objective-of-this-study-was-to-identify
#2
Thomas Marquillier, Thomas Trentesaux, Rémi Gagnayre
OBJECTIVE: Over recent years, therapeutic patient education has become part of dental medicine. Management of early childhood caries, known to be a very common chronic disease, has evolved to include an educational dimension. The objective of this study was to identify the levers and barriers to the development of formalized therapeutic education programmes and alternatives. METHODS: A comprehensive exploratory qualitative study was conducted between November 2015 and June 2016 on a targeted sample of 15 people aware of the problem of TPE in dentistry...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461138/enablers-and-barriers-to-the-development-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
Osteopathy is a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that is growing in popularity. Increasing numbers of parents are seeking pediatric osteopathic care in addition to conventional medical care. Information about the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between these practitioners is scarce. This explanatory sequential mixed methods study aimed to explore enablers of and barriers to the development of IPC between physicians and osteopaths involved with pediatric patients in primary care in Quebec, Canada...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460770/parasites-graphic-exploration-of-tropical-disease-drug-development
#4
Susan M Squier
Parasites!, a 2010 comic sponsored by the Wellcome Trust Centre for Molecular Parasitology, demonstrates that a graphic narrative can play a role in energizing public debate. Part of the genre known as graphic medicine-comics about illness, treatment, disability, and caregiving-Parasites! is intended to educate readers of all ages about illnesses less known in the developed world. Two visual strategies in particular enable the comic to offer an alternative and aesthetic response to questions about developing drugs to treat tropical diseases for profit...
February 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456387/clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-pediatric-rheumatology-disorders-in-eastern-india
#5
Pratap Kumar Patra, Manish Kumar
Background: Data on rheumatological disorders in children from developing countries like India are scarce. Hence, this study aimed to understand the clinical and epidemiological profile of rheumatological disorders in children as this can help organize comprehensive evidence-based health care services. Methodology: A retrospective hospital-based study was designed in pediatric rheumatology clinic of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India, from January 2015 to December 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454868/halophytic-herbs-of-the-mediterranean-basin-an-alternative-approach-to-health
#6
REVIEW
S A Petropoulos, A Karkanis, N Martins, I C F R Ferreira
Wild native species are usually grown under severe and stressful conditions, while a special category includes halophytic species that are tolerant to high salinity levels. Native halophytes are valuable sources of bioactive molecules whose content is higher in saline than normal conditions, since the adaptation to salinity mechanisms involve apart from changes in physiological functions the biosynthesis of protectant molecules. These compounds include secondary metabolites with several beneficial health effects which have been known since ancient times and used for medicinal purposes...
February 15, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453872/effect-of-dermatology-consultation-on-outcomes-for-patients-with-presumed-cellulitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Lauren N Ko, Anna C Garza-Mayers, Jessica St John, Lauren Strazzula, Priyanka Vedak, Radhika Shah, Allison S Dobry, Sowmya R Rao, Leslie W Milne, Blair Alden Parry, Daniela Kroshinsky
Importance: Each year, cellulitis leads to 650 000 hospital admissions and is estimated to cost $3.7 billion in the United States. Previous literature has demonstrated a high misdiagnosis rate for cellulitis, which results in unnecessary antibiotic use and health care cost. Objective: To determine whether dermatologic consultation decreases duration of hospital stay or intravenous antibiotic treatment duration in patients with cellulitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial was conducted in a large urban tertiary care hospital between October 2012 and January 2017, with 1-month follow-up duration...
February 16, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#8
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445921/spontaneous-regression-and-resolution-of-breast-implant-associated-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-implications-for-research-diagnosis-and-clinical-management
#9
Daniel Fleming, Jason Stone, Patrick Tansley
BACKGROUND: First described in 1997, breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) was recognised by the World Health Organisation in 2016 as a specific disease. It typically presents as a late seroma-containing atypical, monoclonal T cells which are CD30+ and anaplastic lymphoma kinase negative. Until recently, it was thought that the disease was very rare. However, it is being diagnosed increasingly frequently with 56 cases confirmed in Australia by September 2017 and the estimated incidence revised from 1 in 300,000 to between 1 in 1000 and 1 in 10,000 patients with bilateral implants...
February 14, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435984/economics-of-pharmacogenetic-guided-treatments-underwhelming-or-overstated
#10
Dyfrig A Hughes
Economic evaluations have dispelled a perception that precision medicine, achieved through pharmacogenetic testing, reduces healthcare costs. For many tests aimed at preventing adverse drug reactions, cost-effectiveness analyses predict modest improvements in health benefits and increases in total costs. While there are many uncertainties in estimating the value of testing, factors that influence cost-effectiveness include the rarity of the outcome, the effectiveness of alternative treatments, and the scope and perspective of analysis...
February 13, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428929/improvements-in-self-reported-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-prostate-health-supplement
#11
Isaac Eliaz, Elaine Weil, Barry Wilk
Context • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) produces lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) that diminish quality of life. Conventional treatments are often accompanied by adverse side effects. By contrast, consumers of phytochemicals-based dietary supplements often report a reduction in symptoms without side effects. The field needs studies that quantify the strength and character of perceived benefits. Objectives • The study intended to quantify the character and strength of perceived improvements in LUTS in men, after the consumption of a prostate health supplement...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425477/potential-cardioprotective-effects-of-sumac-capsule-in-patients-with-hyperlipidemia-a-triple-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#12
Sedigheh Asgary, Leila Salehizadeh, Mahtab Keshvari, Marzieh Taheri, Nicholas D Spence, Maryam S Farvid, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
OBJECTIVE: Alternative medicine and herbal drugs have been taken into account for managing cardiovascular risk factors. Sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) is rich in biologically active ingredients known to improve cardiovascular health. We investigated the effect of sumac on systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), body mass index (BMI), and serum concentrations of lipids and fasting blood sugar (FBS) in participants with hyperlipidemia in a triple-blind randomized placebo- controlled crossover trial...
February 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423360/use-of-ethnic-spices-by-adults-in-the-united-states-an-exploratory-study
#13
Jonathan Isbill, Jayanthi Kandiah, Jagdish Khubchandani
Background: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies has increased in the United States, but little is known about consumers' perceptions of use of such therapies. The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge, perceptions, and predictors of spice use for health promotion among adults in the Midwestern US. Methods: UUsing a cross-sectional study design, adults in the Midwestern US (n = 703) completed a valid and reliable survey which was pilot tested with a small convenience sample of adults (n = 38)...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422746/diabetes-mellitus-type-2-and-yoga-electro-photonic-imaging-perspective
#14
Romesh Kumar Bhat, Ramesh Mavathur, T M Srinivasan
Background: Yoga is the most popular form of alternative medicine for the management of diabetes mellitus type 2. The electro-photonic imaging (EPI) is another contribution from alternative medicine in health monitoring. Aim: To evaluate diabetes from EPI perspective. Objectives: (1) Compare various EPI parameters in normal, prediabetic and diabetic patients. (2) Find difference in controlled and uncontrolled diabetes. (3) Study the effect of 7 days diabetes-specific yoga program...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421582/ginseng-phytochemicals-as-therapeutics-in-oncology-recent-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Fatima Majeed, Fozia Zahur Malik, Zaheer Ahmed, Asma Afreen, Muhammad Naveed Afzal, Nauman Khalid
During the last few decades, cancer has mushroomed as a major health issue; and almost all drugs used for its therapy are very toxic with lethal side effects. Complementary and alternative medicines gain popularity among health professionals in recent era owing to its preventive mechanism against side effect chemotherapeutic drugs. Efforts are focused by scientists to isolate compounds from medicinal plant that have chemotherapeutic attributes; and ability to neutralize the side effects of chemotherapy. Ginseng is an oriental medicinal recipe from Araliceae family and Panax species...
February 5, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416826/role-of-ginsenosides-in-reactive-oxygen-species-mediated-anticancer-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Islam M D Sodrul, Chenying Wang, Xiangfeng Chen, Jing Du, Hongxiang Sun
Cancer is still a global public health problem, which is the leading cause of death in most countries. Ginseng has been used for centuries all over the world as a panacea that promotes longevity. As the king of herb plants, ginseng holds great promise as a new treatment option which is used either by itself or in combination with other medicinal ingredients that is widely accepted as complementary and alternative medicine in cancer therapy. Ginsenosides, the major pharmacologically active ingredients of ginseng, have been shown to have multiple medicinal effects including prominent anticancer activity...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415637/an-alternative-view-of-self-discharge-against-medical-advice-an-opportunity-to-demonstrate-empathy-empowerment-and-care
#17
Laura L Machin, Dawn Goodwin, David Warriner
In this article, we present the experiences of discharging against medical advice from the perspectives of 17 hospital and community-based health care practitioners, and 16 patients, and relatives from a range of medical and surgical wards. Semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted and thematically analyzed. We identified that practitioners, patients, and relatives frequently expressed empathy for each other during the interviews, and discharge against medical advice was presented as a way for patients to have control over their health...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414001/detection-and-identification-of-multiple-adulterants-in-plant-food-supplements-using-attenuated-total-reflectance-infrared-spectroscopy
#18
E Deconinck, C Aouadi, J L Bothy, P Courselle
Due to the rising popularity of dietary supplements, especially plant food supplements, and alternative herbal medicines, a whole market developed and these products became freely available through internet. Though several searches revealed that at least a part of these products, especially the ones obtained from websites disclosing their physical identity, are aldulterated with pharmaceutical compounds. This causes a threat for public health, since these compounds are not declared and therefore adverse effects will not immediately be related to the product...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410750/women-s-sleep-disorders-integrative-care
#19
Cristina Frange, Carolina Vicente Banzoli, Ana Elisa Colombo, Marcele Siegler, Glaury Coelho, Andréia Gomes Bezerra, Marcelo Csermak, Maria Fernanda Naufel, Cristiana Cesar-Netto, Monica Levy Andersen, Manoel João Batista Castelo Girão, Sergio Tufik, Helena Hachul
The integrative care model is rooted in a biopsychosocial approach. Integrative is a term which refers to increasing the harmony and coherence of your whole being, and integrative care is therefore focused on the person, not on either the disease or a therapy. It is provided collaboratively by a health team comprising physicians, psychologists, physiotherapists, acupuncturists, and meditation, nutrition, and floral therapy. Previous studies have demonstrated that interventions based on the integrative care model improved womens lifestyle and quality of life...
October 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410385/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-of-auricular-percutaneous-electrical-neural-field-stimulation-for-fibromyalgia-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study
#20
Melat Gebre, Anna Woodbury, Vitaly Napadow, Venkatagiri Krishnamurthy, Lisa C Krishnamurthy, Roman Sniecinski, Bruce Crosson
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain state that includes widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, psychiatric symptoms, cognitive and sleep disturbances, and multiple somatic symptoms. Current therapies are often insufficient or come with significant risks, and while there is an increasing demand for non-pharmacologic and especially non-opioid pain management such as that offered through complementary and alternative medicine therapies, there is currently insufficient evidence to recommend these therapies...
February 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
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