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Alternative medicine health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823020/perceptions-and-behaviors-of-patients-and-pharmacists-towards-generic-drug-substitution-in-lebanon
#1
Shadi Saleh, Clara Abou Samra, Stewart Jleilaty, Joanne Constantin, Nour El Arnaout, Hani Dimassi, Dania Al-Bittar
Background Patients, physicians and pharmacists are key stakeholders in the implementation of generic substitution policies. Objectives To explore Lebanese patients' perceptions and experience, and pharmacists' dispensing patterns towards the newly enacted unified health prescription policy promoting generic substitution. Setting Pharmacies in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon. Methods A cross-sectional design employing self-administered questionnaires to survey a total of 128 patients and 25 pharmacists. Chi square test and multiple logistic regression were performed...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822780/global-yellow-fever-vaccination-coverage-from-1970-to-2016-an-adjusted-retrospective-analysis
#2
Freya M Shearer, Catherine L Moyes, David M Pigott, Oliver J Brady, Fatima Marinho, Aniruddha Deshpande, Joshua Longbottom, Annie J Browne, Moritz U G Kraemer, Kathleen M O'Reilly, Joachim Hombach, Sergio Yactayo, Valdelaine E M de Araújo, Aglaêr A da Nóbrega, Jonathan F Mosser, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Stephen S Lim, Simon I Hay, Nick Golding, Robert C Reiner
BACKGROUND: Substantial outbreaks of yellow fever in Angola and Brazil in the past 2 years, combined with global shortages in vaccine stockpiles, highlight a pressing need to assess present control strategies. The aims of this study were to estimate global yellow fever vaccination coverage from 1970 through to 2016 at high spatial resolution and to calculate the number of individuals still requiring vaccination to reach population coverage thresholds for outbreak prevention. METHODS: For this adjusted retrospective analysis, we compiled data from a range of sources (eg, WHO reports and health-service-provider registeries) reporting on yellow fever vaccination activities between May 1, 1939, and Oct 29, 2016...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815571/functional-electrical-stimulation-of-the-ankle-dorsiflexors-during-walking-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Irene Moll, Johannes S H Vles, Dan L H M Soudant, Adhiambo M A Witlox, Heleen M Staal, Lucianne A W M Speth, Yvonne J M Janssen-Potten, Marcel Coenen, Suzanne M Koudijs, R Jeroen Vermeulen
AIM: To assess the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of ankle dorsiflexors in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) during walking. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine methodology and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six databases were searched for studies applying interventions to patients aged younger than 20 years...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811221/is-the-hype-around-the-reproductive-health-claims-of-maca-lepidium-meyenii-walp-justified
#4
REVIEW
Shruti Beharry, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Maca - Lepidium meyenii Walp has been cultivated and used by Andean people for over 1,300 to 2000 years in Peru as food and medicine. Starting in the late 1990's it has developed into an important herbal medicine in China and is now cultivated there widely, too. AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to provide an insight into the emergence of maca on the global market as an alternative remedy to treat reproductive health related problems in both men and women and to critically assess these health claims...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807167/treatment-of-insomnia-with-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine
#5
Amrinder Singh, Kaicun Zhao
Insomnia is a condition with sleep problems and many people suffered from it. Chronic insomnia can last for long time and it will severely affect people's health and the quality of life. In conventional medicine, the most commonly used the medicine is benzodiazepine. It is effective but also has significant side effects. Patients try to use some kinds of alternative medicines. Chinese medicinal herbs and formulas have been used in the treatment of insomnia for more than 2000 years in China. In recent decades, Chinese herbal medicine has been widely used in the Western countries...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805552/cyclic-perimenstrual-pain-and-discomfort-and-australian-women-s-associated-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Carole Fisher, Louise Hickman, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal change in Australian women's prevalence of cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort and the association between their symptoms and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). METHOD: Data on endometriosis, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), irregular periods, heavy periods, and severe period pain were collected over a 7-year period from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, for women aged 28 to 33 years in 2006, and at 3-year follow-ups...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803328/traditional-chinese-medicine-as-adjunctive-therapy-improves-the-long-term-survival-of-lung-cancer-patients
#7
Yueh-Hsiang Liao, Chia-Ing Li, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Jaung-Geng Lin, Jen-Huai Chiang, Tsai-Chung Li
PURPOSE: Traditional Chinese medicine is one of the popular alternative treatments for cancer, mainly enhancing host immune response and reducing adverse effect of chemotherapy. This study first explored traditional Chinese medicine treatment effect on long-term survival of lung cancer patients. METHODS: This study evaluated whether traditional Chinese medicine combined with conventional cancer treatment improved overall survival of lung cancer patients. We had conducted a retrospective cohort study on 111,564 newly diagnosed lung cancer patients in 2000-2009 from National Health Insurance Program database...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794663/physician-perspectives-on-education-training-and-implementation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#8
Sejal J Patel, Kathi J Kemper, Joseph P Kitzmiller
Over recent decades, the demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has continued to rise in the US. Like the practice of traditional Western medicine, CAM is associated with not only significant health benefits but also significant risks. Unlike traditional Western medicine, however, much of CAM use is less regulated and often occurs unbeknownst to a patient's medical doctor. The use of herbals, dietary supplements, and over-the-counter (OTC) medications can result in adverse effects, and many significant interactions can occur when their use is combined with allopathic medications...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793084/-use-of-medicinal-plants-as-home-remedies-in-primary-health-care-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#9
Ana Lúcia Bertarello Zeni, Amanda Varnier Parisotto, Gerson Mattos, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
An increase in the use of alternative therapeutic practices has been observed in the past decade, especially in medicinal plants, herbal and home remedies, which has been supported by policies within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). This study investigated the use of home remedies by users of Primary Health Care in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. It is a cross-sectional, observational and epidemiological study, the data for which were obtained via a questionnaire applied to 701 individuals. An unconditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the use of home remedies and socio-demographic and medical care variables...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793072/the-brazilian-phytotherapics-industry-challenges-and-opportunities
#10
Lia Hasenclever, Julia Paranhos, Cíntia Reis Costa, Gabriel Cunha, Diego Vieira
The purpose of this article is to discuss and analyze the development challenges of the medicinal plants and phytotherapics industry in Brazil. This industry represents an excellent alternative to face the paradox of abundance that exists in the health area. The methodology adopted was a field research, using semi-structured questionnaires with companies, researchers and public managers to evaluate their development between 2009 and 2015 and to point out the most serious problems faced. The results observed indicate that the main challenges found were the regulation of law on the access to the genetic patrimony in the research area, and to bring into harmony the rules in the entire chain of medicinal plants and phytotherapics production area...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790075/implementation-of-a-pharmacist-managed-clinic-for-patients-with-chronic-nonmalignant-pain
#11
Jessica L Norman, Miranda E Kroehl, Huong Mindy Lam, Carmen L Lewis, Chelsea N Mitchell, Cindy L O'Bryant, Katy E Trinkley
PURPOSE: A pharmacist-managed chronic pain clinic (PMCPC) in a primary care setting is described. SUMMARY: As primary care providers (PCPs) may be unprepared or lack time to manage high-risk patients receiving opioids for chronic nonmalignant pain, alternative models of care are needed. The University of Colorado PMCPC is integrated into an internal medicine outpatient clinic. The PMCPC is staffed by 1 clinical pharmacist, with pharmacy students and residents also performing clinic duties...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783743/andrographis-paniculata-chu%C3%A4-n-x%C3%A4-n-li%C3%A3-n-for-symptomatic-relief-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-adults-and-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Xiao-Yang Hu, Ruo-Han Wu, Martin Logue, Clara Blondel, Lily Yuen Wan Lai, Beth Stuart, Andrew Flower, Yu-Tong Fei, Michael Moore, Jonathan Shepherd, Jian-Ping Liu, George Lewith
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a substantial threat to public health. Safe and effective alternatives are required to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing. Andrographis Paniculata (A. Paniculata, Chuān Xīn Lián) has traditionally been used in Indian and Chinese herbal medicine for cough, cold and influenza, suggesting a role in respiratory tract infections (RTIs). This systematic review aimed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of A. Paniculata for symptoms of acute RTIs (ARTIs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782431/complementary-alternative-medicine-practices-and-beliefs-in-spinal-cord-injury-and-non-spinal-cord-injured-individuals
#13
Renuka T Rudra, Gary J Farkas, Shahd Haidar, Kristin E Slavoski, Nancy E Lokey, Timothy R Hudson
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: To compare the beliefs and practices of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), their friends and family members (F&F SCI), and healthcare professionals (HCP) regarding complementary alternative medicine (CAM). DESIGN: A questionnaire regarding CAM practices and beliefs was administered to participants on paper or online. SETTING: An academic rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six individuals voluntarily participated in the study...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782335/elimination-of-hcv-as-a-public-health-concern-among-people-who-inject-drugs-by-2030-what-will-it-take-to-get-there
#14
REVIEW
Jason Grebely, Gregory J Dore, Sébastien Morin, Jürgen K Rockstroh, Marina B Klein
INTRODUCTION: Globally, there is a considerable burden of HCV and HIV infections among people who inject drugs (PWID) and transmission of both infections continues. Needle and syringe programme (NSP) and opioid substitution therapy (OST) coverage remains low, despite evidence demonstrating their prevention benefit. Direct-acting antiviral therapies (DAA) with HCV cure >95% among PWID provide an opportunity to reverse rising trends in HCV-related morbidity and mortality and reduce incidence...
July 28, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780647/cardiovascular-responses-to-skeletal-muscle-stretching-stretching-the-truth-or-a-new-exercise-paradigm-for-cardiovascular-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Nicholas T Kruse, Barry W Scheuermann
Stretching is commonly prescribed with the intended purpose of increasing range of motion, enhancing muscular coordination, and preventing prolonged immobilization induced by aging or a sedentary lifestyle. Emerging evidence suggests that acute or long-term stretching exercise may modulate a variety of cardiovascular responses. Specifically, at the onset of stretch, the mechanical deformation of the vascular bed coupled with stimulation of group III muscle afferent fibers initiates a cascade of events resulting in both peripheral vasodilation and a heart rate-driven increase in cardiac output, blood pressure, and muscle blood flow...
August 5, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776694/linear-programming-an-alternative-approach-for-developing-formulations-for-emergency-food-products
#16
Ershad Sheibani, Arasb Dabbagh Moghaddam, Anoosheh Sharifan, Zahra Afshari
BACKGROUND: To minimize the mortality rates of individuals affected by disasters, providing high-quality food relief during the initial stages of an emergency is crucial. The goal of this study was to develop a formulation for a high-energy, nutrient-dense prototype using linear programming (LP) model as a novel method for developing formulations for food products. RESULTS: The model consisted of the objective function and the decision variables which were the formulation costs and the weights of the selected commodities, respectively...
August 4, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772164/multiple-criteria-decision-analysis-mcda-for-evaluating-new-medicines-in-health-technology-assessment-and-beyond-the-advance-value-framework
#17
Aris Angelis, Panos Kanavos
Escalating drug prices have catalysed the generation of numerous "value frameworks" with the aim of informing payers, clinicians and patients on the assessment and appraisal process of new medicines for the purpose of coverage and treatment selection decisions. Although this is an important step towards a more inclusive Value Based Assessment (VBA) approach, aspects of these frameworks are based on weak methodologies and could potentially result in misleading recommendations or decisions. In this paper, a Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methodological process, based on Multi Attribute Value Theory (MAVT), is adopted for building a multi-criteria evaluation model...
June 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768534/the-use-of-traditional-medicine-in-maternity-care-among-african-women-in-africa-and-the-diaspora-a-systematic-review
#18
Zewdneh Shewamene, Tinashe Dune, Caroline A Smith
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature describing traditional health practices and beliefs of African women. The purpose of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the use of traditional medicine (TM) to address maternal and reproductive health complaints and wellbeing by African women in Africa and the diaspora. METHOD: A literature search of published articles, grey literature and unpublished studies was conducted using eight medical and social science databases (CINAHL, EMBASE, Infomit, Ovid Medline, ProQuest, PsychINFO, PubMed and SCOPUS) from the inception of each database until 31 December 2016...
August 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768492/the-effect-of-youth-assertive-community-treatment-a-systematic-prisma-review
#19
Richard Vijverberg, Robert Ferdinand, Aartjan Beekman, Berno van Meijel
BACKGROUND: During the past decades deinstitutionalisation policies have led to a transition from inpatient towards community mental health care. Many European countries implement Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) as an alternative for inpatient care for "difficult to reach" children and adolescents with severe mental illness. ACT is a well-organized low-threshold treatment modality; patients are actively approached in their own environment, and efforts are undertaken to strengthen the patient's motivation for treatment...
August 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767813/-new-changes-old-systems-health-policies-in-mexico-and-colombia-in-the-21st-century
#20
Monica Uribe-Gómez
Recent years have witnessed discussion on the need for changes in the health systems of Latin America. This initiative, spearheaded once again by the World Bank as Universal Health Coverage, focuses on strategies for protection against financial risks and unified access to essential services and medicines. Although the World Bank approaches have been incorporated in different ways by the region's countries since the 1980s, there have also been important breaks with this trend, for example in Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Ecuador, which have sought at different times to implement policies and programs emphasizing non-market-driven values...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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