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Alternative medicine health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218996/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer-patients-in-malaysia-an-early-report-from-the-mybcc-study
#1
Aina Farhana Zulkipli, Tania Islam, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib, Maznah Dahlui, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Nabilla Al-Sadat, Hazreen Abdul Majid, Samsinah Hussain
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased and little is known on CAM use during the initial period. Therefore, the aim was to determine prevalence of CAM use among newly diagnosed breast cancer patients prior to seeking conventional treatment. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involved interviewing newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in the University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) using a structured questionnaire...
December 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217158/evidence-based-traditional-anti-diarrheal-medicinal-plants-and-their-phytocompounds
#2
REVIEW
Pooja Rawat, Pawan Kumar Singh, Vipin Kumar
Traditional medicines are an integral component of alternative health care systems used by millions of the people worldwide. Traditionally used herbals are multi-constituent medications, safety and efficacy of which is based on experiences of the practitioners, whereas modern drugs are single molecules, rigorously tested, structurally optimized and toxicologically cleared. Plants are being recognized as potential source of drug discovery and more than 80% of modern drugs are derived directly from natural sources (plants, microbes, cells etc...
December 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214573/post-approval-studies-for-rare-disease-treatments-and-orphan-drugs
#3
William C Maier, Ronald A Christensen, Patricia Anderson
Drug development involves a multi-stage process of drug discovery, animal studies and human clinical trials to assess the safety and efficacy of new medications. Rare disease drug development involves a much smaller number of affected patients, a predominance of pediatric patients and more complicated disease presentation. Post-approval studies are designed to address several limitations associated with the rare disease clinical trials.National and international regulatory agencies in the US and Europe have adopted similar approaches to requirements post-approval data for rare diseases and orphan drug indications...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210874/ischemic-stroke-patients-decision-making-process-in-their-use-of-western-medicine-and-alternative-and-complementary-medicine
#4
Chen-Ying Hsieh, Shou-Yu Wang, Yeu-Hui Chuang, Ho-Hsiang Chen
Stroke is ranked third among the top 10 causes of death in Taiwan. Besides a high mortality rate, stroke survivors are often left with physical or functional sequela. This study aimed to explore ischemic stroke patients' decision-making process using Western medicine (WM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study is a qualitative study based on grounded theory. A total of 12 participants were recruited. Findings revealed that the participants accepted WM and CAM treatments following the onset of ischemic stroke...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208030/experimental-therapeutic-assays-of-tephrosia-vogelii-against-leishmania-major-infection-in-murine-model-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#5
Sylvia Naliaka Marango, Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa, Judith Alice Makwali, Bernard Ngoitsi Jumba, Joseph K Choge, Eric Onyango Adino, Christopher O Anjili
BACKGROUND: Conventional targeted leishmanicidal chemotherapy has persistently remained prohibitive for most economically deprived communities due to costs, associated time to accessing health services and duration for successful treatment programme. Alternatives are bound to be incorporated in rational management of leishmaniasis by choice or default due to accessibility and cultural beliefs. Therefore, there is need to rigorously investigate and appraise the activity of medicinal compounds that may have anti-leishmanicidal activity especially in the context of products that are already being utilized by the populations for other ailments but have limited information on their therapeutic value and possible cytoxicity...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207520/plants-of-the-genus-zingiber-as-a-source-of-bioactive-phytochemicals-from-tradition-to-pharmacy
#6
REVIEW
Mehdi Sharifi-Rad, Elena Maria Varoni, Bahare Salehi, Javad Sharifi-Rad, Karl R Matthews, Seyed Abdulmajid Ayatollahi, Farzad Kobarfard, Salam A Ibrahim, Dima Mnayer, Zainul Amiruddin Zakaria, Majid Sharifi-Rad, Zubaida Yousaf, Marcello Iriti, Adriana Basile, Daniela Rigano
Plants of the genus Zingiber (Family Zingiberaceae) are widely used throughout the world as food and medicinal plants. They represent very popular herbal remedies in various traditional healing systems; in particular, rhizome of Zingiber spp. plants has a long history of ethnobotanical uses because of a plethora of curative properties. Antimicrobial activity of rhizome essential oil has been extensively confirmed in vitro and attributed to its chemical components, mainly consisting of monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons such as α-zingiberene, ar-curcumene, β-bisabolene and β-sesquiphellandrene...
December 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197439/halitosis-assessment-and-changes-in-volatile-sulfur-compounds-after-chewing-gum-a-study-performed-on-dentistry-students
#7
Mayra Schemel-Suárez, Eduardo Chimenos-Küstner, Albert Estrugo-Devesa, Enric Jané-Salas, José López-López
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of halitosis (with subjective and objective methods), evaluate the immediate effect of chewing gum on volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs), assess the perception of halitosis by dentistry students, and estimate the distribution of positive and negative frequencies, when comparing objective and subjective methods for the diagnosis of halitosis. METHODS: The study was performed on a sample of dentistry students attending the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at the University of Barcelona...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197297/use-of-chemometrics-to-compare-nir-and-hplc-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-drug-levels-in-fixed-dose-combination-tablets-employed-in-tuberculosis-treatment
#8
Kelly Sivocy Sampaio Teixeira, Said Gonçalves da Cruz Fonseca, Luís Carlos Brigido de Moura, Mario Luís Ribeiro de Moura, Márcia Herminia Pinheiro Borges, Euzébio Guimaraes Barbosa, Túlio Flávio Accioly De Lima E Moura
The World Health Organization recommends that TB treatment be administered using combination therapy. The methodologies for quantifying simultaneously associated drugs are highly complex, being costly, extremely time consuming and producing chemical residues harmful to the environment. The need to seek alternative techniques that minimize these drawbacks is widely discussed in the pharmaceutical industry. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop and validate a multivariate calibration model in association with the near infrared spectroscopy technique (NIR) for the simultaneous determination of rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194912/sharing-of-prescription-analgesics-amongst-patients-in-family-practice-frequency-and-associated-factors
#9
F Markotic, D Jurisic, M Curkovic, M Puljiz, M Novinscak, K Bonassin, D Vrdoljak, Z Vojvodic, S Permozer Hajdarovic, T Pekez-Pavlisko, M Tomicic, I Diminic-Lisica, S Fabris Ivsic, D Nejasmic, I Miosic, I Novak, L Puljak
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency of nonrecreational prescription analgesic sharing, associated factors and differences between lenders and borrowers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 outpatient family medicine practices in Croatia amongst 1000 patients to whom their physicians have prescribed analgesics at least once in their lives. A questionnaire was used to collect data about patients' pain intensity, prescription analgesic sharing habits, factors associated with this behaviour, perception of risks associated with the conduct and demographic data...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177600/pagers-smartphones-and-hipaa-finding-the-best-solution-for-electronic-communication-of-protected-health-information
#10
Robert E Freundlich, Katherine L Freundlich, Brian C Drolet
Electronic communication is a topic that applies broadly to the professional activities of every physician and the pager has been the gold standard of communication for decades. We believe that this is a dated technology that is holding clinicians back from better, more efficient alternatives, particularly smartphones. In this manuscript, we examine the paradoxical reliance on pagers in academic medicine, at a time when the use of smartphones and text messaging is the subject of intense scrutiny with respect to its standing under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175699/-do-it-yourself-vaccine-rejection-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam
#11
Katie Attwell, Paul R Ward, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa J Rokkas, Julie Leask
In this article, we elucidate a symbiotic relationship between complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and rejection of, or hesitancy towards, vaccination. In Fremantle, Western Australia, and Adelaide, South Australia, we conducted in-depth interviews from September 2013-December 2015 with 29 parents who had refused or delayed some or all of their children's vaccines. Our qualitative analysis found that for many, their do-it-yourself ethic and personal agency was enhanced by self-directed CAM use, alongside (sometimes informal) CAM practitioner instruction...
November 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174791/patient-perceived-health-service-needs-in-inflammatory-arthritis-a-systematic-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Julian D Segan, Andrew M Briggs, Louisa Chou, Kathryn L Connelly, Maheeka Seneviwickrama, Kaye Sullivan, Flavia M Cicuttini, Anita E Wluka
BACKGROUND: Care that is patient-centred is more likely to be sustainable and associated with improved health outcomes. This approach to care requires an understanding of patients' health service needs, yet few studies have directly investigated the perceived health service needs of people with inflammatory arthritis. OBJECTIVES: To systematically identify the existing literature relating to patient perceived health service needs for inflammatory arthritis. METHODS: A systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO was conducted (1990-2016)...
October 31, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173531/the-practical-pros-and-cons-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-practice-integrating-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-into-clinical-care
#13
REVIEW
Rachel W Winter, Joshua R Korzenik
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is changing health care for individuals with inflammatory bowel disease. The move toward increasing patient autonomy and addressing lifestyle and psychosocial factors contributes to this shift. Numerous clinics and centers are offering new models to incorporate these elements. There is need for better and more robust data regarding CAM efficacy and safety. CAM offers a test kitchen for new approaches to care and care delivery, which are now being developed and studied, and has the possibility to affect patient quality of life, disease morbidity, cost, and use of health care...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173517/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-strategies-for-therapeutic-gut-microbiota-modulation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-their-next-generation-approaches
#14
REVIEW
Abigail R Basson, Minh Lam, Fabio Cominelli
The human gut microbiome exerts a major impact on human health and disease, and therapeutic gut microbiota modulation is now a well-advocated strategy in the management of many diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Scientific and clinical evidence in support of complementary and alternative medicine, in targeting intestinal dysbiosis among patients with IBD, or other disorders, has increased dramatically over the past years. Delivery of "artificial" stool replacements for fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) could provide an effective, safer alternative to that of human donor stool...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170148/a-group-of-500-women-whose-health-may-depart-notably-from-the-norm-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Christoph Schnelle, Eunice J Minford, Vanessa McHardy, Jane Keep
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies of women's health often seek to identify predictors of good health. Research has shown that following simple guidelines can halve women's mortality. The ongoing Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health (ALSWH) shows that Australian women are getting better at reducing their smoking and alcohol use, and are generally diligent about attending recommended health screenings, but are becoming less successful at dealing with obesity. There are communities of women who live unusually healthy lives (Rosetans, Seventh-Day Adventists, traditional Japanese women), but their lifestyles are unlikely to be adopted widely...
November 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157106/perception-and-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-low-back-pain
#16
Vivian Hiu Man Tsang, Phoebe Hiu Wai Lo, Fong Tao Lam, Lulu Suet Wing Chung, Tin Yan Tang, Hoi Man Lui, Jordan Tsz Gwan Lau, Ho Fung Yee, Yiu Kun Lun, Hei Tung Chan, Jason Pui Yin Cheung
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in patients with low back pain (LBP) and to identify its correlation with demographic factors, clinical condition and psychosocial factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 278 LBP patients. Use of CAM, demographic parameters and disease duration were determined. Self-reported health status and self-rated scales assessed the effect of disease on quality of life and emotional well-being, respectively...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154065/does-nurses-role-health-or-symptoms-influence-their-personal-use-of-ingestible-complementary-and-alternative-medicines
#17
Sofia Dimitrelis, Lin Perry, Robyn Gallagher, Christine Duffield, David Sibbritt, Rachel Nicholls, Xiaoyue Xu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of work-related characteristics, health, health behaviours and symptoms on ingestible biologically-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use within the Australian nursing and midwifery workforce. BACKGROUND: CAM use is widespread worldwide, but there is little research into nurses' and midwives' personal use of ingestible CAM in Australia. METHODS: An online survey in 2014-15 used validated instruments and items to examine use of ingestible biologically-based CAM (herbs, foods and vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes and other supplements), and the health and work-related characteristics of 5041 nurses and midwives recruited through the New South Wales Nurses and Midwives Association and professional networks...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154055/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-elderly-patients-living-with-chronic-diseases-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-ethiopia
#18
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Henok Getachew Tegegn, Kaleab Taye Haile, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Amanual Getnet Mersha, Daniel Asfaw Erku
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among patients with chronic diseases has grown rapidly worldwide. Yet, little has been known about CAM use by elderly patients with chronic diseases in Ethiopia. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence and reasons for CAM utilization among elderly patients living with chronic diseases in Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution-based quantitative cross-sectional survey was conducted among elderly patients with chronic disease attending outpatient ambulatory clinics of University of Gondar referral and teaching hospital (UoGRTH)...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144116/-the-importance-of-biosimilars-medicines-for-private-and-statutory-health-insurance
#19
B Bretthauer
Patented biopharmaceuticals generate huge costs for private and statutory health insurance. Exactly ten years ago, off-patent biopharmaceuticals, also referred to as 'biosimilars medicines', became available as a more cost-efficient and therapeutically equivalent alternative in Germany and Europe. Following their approval by all the relevant authorities, biosimilars medicines can therefore be applied in the same way as previously patented biopharmaceuticals.
December 15, 2016: Versicherungsmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#20
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
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