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Alternative medicine health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044265/a-comprehensive-review-of-the-health-perspectives-of-resveratrol
#1
REVIEW
Abdur Rauf, Muhammad Imran, Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria, Bashir Ahmad, Dennis G Peters, Mohammad S Mubarak
Many natural products present in our diet, including flavonoids, can prevent the progression of cancer and other diseases. Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol present in various fruits and vegetables, plays an important role as a therapeutic and chemopreventive agent used in the treatment of various illnesses. It exhibits effects against different types of cancer through different pathways. It additionally exerts antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant effects in a variety of cell types. Furthermore, the cardiovascular protective capacities of resveratrol are associated with multiple molecular targets and may lead to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for atherosclerosis, ischemia/reperfusion, metabolic syndrome, and heart failure...
October 18, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043001/effect-of-pingchuan-guben-decoction-on-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-results-from-a-randomized-comparative-effectiveness-research-trial
#2
Cheng-Liang Qian, Rong Fan
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is known to be a systemic low-grade ongoing inflammation exerting major health and economic burden worldwide. Complementary and alternative medicines, such as Traditional Chinese Medicine, are widely used for the treatment of patients with COPD. The present study was designed to investigate the efficacy of Pingchuan Guben decoction on patients with COPD through a double-blinded, open-labeled, randomized controlled trial. A total of 86 patients were randomly assigned to two groups, with 43 patients in the intervention group and 43 cases in the control group...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040893/quality-of-online-information-on-breast-cancer-treatment-options
#3
Nadia Arif, Pietro Ghezzi
Offering breast cancer patients treatment choice has become a priority as the involvement of patients in the decision-making process is associated with improved physical and psychological outcomes. As the Internet is increasingly being used by patients as a source of medical information, it is important to evaluate the quality of information relating to breast cancer on the Internet. We analysed 200 websites returned by google.co.uk searching "breast cancer treatment options" in terms of their typology and treatment options described...
October 14, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039681/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-services-in-the-military-health-system
#4
Patricia M Herman, Melony E Sorbero, Ann C Sims-Columbia
OBJECTIVES: Surveys of military personnel indicate substantial use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that possibly exceeds use in the general U.S. POPULATION: Although military treatment facilities (MTFs) are known to offer CAM, surveys do not indicate where service members receive this care. This study offers a comprehensive system-wide accounting of the types of CAM offered across the military health system (MHS), the conditions for which it is used, and its level of use...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035510/crispri-and-crispra-screens-in-mammalian-cells-for-precision-biology-and-medicine
#5
Martin Kampmann
Next-generation DNA sequencing technologies have led to a massive accumulation of genomic and transcriptomic data from patients and healthy individuals. The major challenge ahead is to understand the functional significance of the elements of the human genome and transcriptome, and implications for diagnosis and treatment. Genetic screens in mammalian cells are a powerful approach to systematically elucidate gene function in health and disease states. In particular, recently developed CRISPR/Cas9-based screening approaches have enormous potential to uncover mechanisms and therapeutic strategies for human diseases...
October 16, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034955/a-review-of-issues-of-nomenclature-and-taxonomy-of-hypericum-perforatum-l-and-kew-s-medicinal-plant-names-services
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth Anne Dauncey, Jason Thomas Whitley Irving, Robert Allkin
OBJECTIVES: To review which names are used to refer to Hypericum perforatum L. in health regulation and medicinal plant references, and the potential for ambiguity or imprecision. KEY FINDINGS: Structured searches of Kew's Medicinal Plant Names Services Resource, supplemented with other online bibliographic resources, found that the scientific name Hypericum perforatum L. is used consistently in the literature, but variation between subspecies is rarely considered by researchers...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030303/electrospun-formulations-of-bevacizumab-for-sustained-release-in-the-eye
#7
Ukrit Angkawinitwong, Sahar Awwad, Peng T Khaw, Steve Brocchini, Gareth R Williams
Medicines based on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) neutralising antibodies such as bevacizumab have revolutionized the treatment of age related macular degeneration (AMD), a common blinding disease, and have great potential in preventing scarring after surgery or accelerating the healing of corneal injuries. However, at present, frequent invasive injections are required to deliver these antibodies. Such administration is uncomfortable for patients and expensive for health service providers. Much effort is thus focused on developing dosage forms that can be administered less frequently...
October 10, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021830/emerging-issues-in-public-health-a-perspective-on-ghana-s-healthcare-expenditure-policies-and-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Eric Adua, Kwasi Frimpong, Xia Li, Wei Wang
Ghana's healthcare expenditure has increased over the past two decades. Increased healthcare expenditures are required to enhance the acquisition of better hospital resources that may improve healthcare. This study presents an overview of healthcare expenditures and health outcomes (i.e. infant mortality, under-5 mortality and life expectancy) from 1995 to 2014 in Ghana. Infant and under-5 mortalities have declined by 50 and 25%, respectively, as of 2014, while life expectancy has increased from 60.7 to 64...
September 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021821/utilization-of-traditional-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-mental-health-among-patients-with-chronic-diseases-in-primary-health-care-settings-in-cambodia
#9
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Tyler Fleming, Carinne Brody
BACKGROUND: Coping with chronic illnesses often involves major lifestyle changes that may lead to poor mental health. Furthermore, in order to treat the chronic conditions, many sufferers in Asia turn to traditional, complementary and alternative medicines (TCAM). This study explores prevalence of TCAM use and factors associated with anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients with chronic diseases in Cambodia. METHODS: In 2015, this cross-sectional study was conducted with outpatients receiving treatment and care for chronic diseases in two urban and two rural primary health centers...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992929/antibiotic-use-by-farmers-to-control-mastitis-as-influenced-by-health-advice-and-dairy-farming-systems
#10
A Poizat, F Bonnet-Beaugrand, A Rault, C Fourichon, N Bareille
Mastitis is a bacterial disease common in dairy farms. Although knowledge about mastitis and its optimal technical management and treatment is now available, some dairy farmers still use antibiotics in inappropriate ways. Antibiotic use by farmers can be influenced by personal restraints and motivations, but it can be assumed that external drivers are also influential. The main purpose of this article is thus to analyse the choices of antibiotic and alternative medicine use for mastitis treatment and investigate the possible influence of two unexplored external drivers in dairy farms: (i) the health advice offered to farmers by farm advisors and veterinarians, (ii) the dairy farming system, as defined by combining the market valuation chosen for the milk, the level of intensification, and the perceived pressure related to investments...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990333/a-truly-complementary-approach-a-qualitative-exploration-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-practitioners-views-of-treating-ankylosing-spondylitis
#11
Hannah Family, Abbie Jordan, Kelly Blaxall, Raj Sengupta
OBJECTIVE: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease in which individuals experience a long delay to diagnosis. Prior to diagnosis, individuals report frequent use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies. While popularly used, there is a dearth of knowledge concerning the experiences of CAM practitioners in terms of treating individuals with AS. Addressing this knowledge gap, the present study provides a detailed exploration of how UK-based CAM practitioners treat individuals with AS...
October 9, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987077/remission-of-schizoaffective-disorder-using-homeopathic-medicine-2-case-reports
#12
Diane E Grise, Tara Peyman, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Research on the schizophrenia spectrum is primarily focused on pharmaceutical interventions, although alternative treatments have been gaining increasing popularity in recent years because patients are seeking treatments that are effective and have reduced side effects. A significant body of evidence already exists supporting the effectiveness of homeopathy to treat a wide array of illnesses. Objective • The research team intended to demonstrate the need for using both alternative and conventional treatments to improve clinical outcomes in the treatment of schizoaffective disorder...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987072/adult-use-of-complementary-and-integrative-approaches-to-improve-athletic-performance
#13
Marion Willard Evans, Harrison Ndetan, Vishaldeep Ka Sekhon, Ronald Williams, Brittney Oliver, Michael Perko, Conrad Woolsey, Karan P Singh
Context • In the United States in 2007, approximately 38% of adults, or 4 in 10, used some form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). An area in which little is known is the personal integration of CAM therapies by those individuals seeking to improve athletic performance. Objectives • The study intended to assess the use of integrative care by adult athletes in the United States as well as their satisfaction with it, as reported in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Design • A secondary analysis of the data from the Adult Alternative Health/Complementary Medicine file of the 2012 NHIS was performed...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986203/inhaled-nebulised-unfractionated-heparin-improves-lung-function-in-moderate-to-very-severe-copd-a-pilot-study
#14
Janis K Shute, Luigino Calzetta, Vittorio Cardaci, Stefania di Toro, Clive P Page, Mario Cazzola
BACKGROUND: COPD is an inflammatory airway disease characterised by progressive airflow limitation and air trapping, leading to lung hyperinflation and exercise limitation. Acute worsening of symptoms, including dyspnea, cough and sputum production, occurs during exacerbations which are associated with significantly reduced health related quality of life, and increased morbidity and mortality. Chronic bronchial mucus production and productive cough are risk factors for exacerbations. Medicines targeting bronchoconstriction and airway inflammation are the current mainstays of COPD therapy...
October 3, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983431/evaluation-of-policy-options-for-increasing-the-availability-of-primary-care-services-in-rural-washington-state
#15
Mark W Friedberg, Grant R Martsolf, Chapin White, David I Auerbach, Ryan Kandrack, Rachel O Reid, Emily Butcher, Hao Yu, Simon Hollands, Xiaoyu Nie
The Washington State legislature has recently considered several policy options to address a perceived shortage of primary care physicians in rural Washington. These policy options include opening the new Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine at Washington State University in 2017; increasing the number of primary care residency positions in the state; expanding educational loan-repayment incentives to encourage primary care physicians to practice in rural Washington; increasing Medicaid payment rates for primary care physicians in rural Washington; and encouraging the adoption of alternative models of primary care, such as medical homes and nurse-managed health centers, that reallocate work from physicians to nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs)...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979916/addressing-the-physicians-shortage-in-developing-countries-by-accelerating-and-reforming-the-medical-education-is-it-possible
#16
Mustafa Al-Shamsi
INTRODUCTION: Doctors' shortage has remained a concern worldwide. The developed countries started aids to recruit international medical graduates (IMG) to cope with the defects that the health care system suffers from; however, this solution may not work in developing countries that have a limited resource and poor budget to spend on the health care system. This study aims to present an alternative way to approach the physicians' shortage by accelerating undergraduate medical education and reform some post-graduate courses in order to cope with this problem...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976250/recommendations-from-the-first-national-academic-consortium-of-telehealth
#17
Judd E Hollander, Theresa M Davis, Charles Doarn, Jason C Goldwater, Stephen Klasko, Curtis Lowery, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Peter Rasmussen, Frank D Sites, Danica Stone, Brendan G Carr
In January 2015, the US Secretary of Health and Human Services announced targets for the transformation of Medicare reimbursement from a fee-for-service model to payments based on alternative payment models. People now use technology for virtually everything - from paying bills to purchasing almost anything; it is therefore natural to think that they will use technology to take ownership of their own health care. The remote provision of health care, where providers and patients are not in the same location, will allow patients to receive the right care, at the right time, at the right place, and in the manner they consider right for them...
October 4, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975853/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-europe-health-related-and-sociodemographic-determinants
#18
Laura M Kemppainen, Teemu T Kemppainen, Jutta A Reippainen, Suvi T Salmenniemi, Pia H Vuolanto
AIMS: The aim of this research was to study health-related and sociodemographic determinants of the use of different complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments in Europe and differences in CAM use in various European countries. METHODS: The study was based on a design-based logistic regression analysis of the European Social Survey (ESS), Round 7. We distinguished four CAM modalities: manual therapies, alternative medicinal systems, traditional Asian medical systems and mind-body therapies...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975684/salvinorin-a-reduces-neuropathic-nociception-in-the-insular-cortex-of-the-rat
#19
U Coffeen, A Canseco-Alba, K Simón-Arceo, A Almanza, F Mercado, M León-Olea, F Pellicer
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain is one of the most important challenges in public health. The search for novel treatments is important for an adequate relief without adverse effects. In this sense salvinorin A (SA), the main diterpene of the medicinal plant Salvia divinorum is an important antinociceptive compound, which acts as a potent agonist of kappa opioid receptor (KOR) and cannabinoid CB1 receptors. METHODS: We evaluated nociceptive responses in a neuropathic pain model induced by the sciatic nerve ligature (SNL) in the right hind paw, after the microinjection of SA, Salvinorin B (SB), KOR and CB1 antagonists directly in the insular cortex (IC) in male wistar rats...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975109/phytotherapy-of-nephrotoxicity-induced-by-cancer-drugs-an-updated-review
#20
REVIEW
Saeid Heidari-Soreshjani, Majid Asadi-Samani, Qian Yang, Ali Saeedi-Boroujeni
CONTEXT: Kidney is one of the vital organs maintaining homeostasis of body and thus dysfunction of kidney affects quality of life and health severely. Anticancer drugs, particularly chemotherapeutic agents, cause high toxicity leading kidney dysfunction and irreparable kidney injury. Therefore, attention has recently been paid to seeking out alternatives such as nature-based drugs that are effective but less toxic. In this regard, this systematic review article is to report and introduce the most important medicinal plants and their derivatives that are used to reduce anticancer drug-induced nephrotoxicity...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
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