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Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Olive N Y Cheung, Mee Lian Wong
Female entertainment workers (FEWs) working in karaoke lounges, bars, pubs, nightclubs, discotheques, dance halls, massage parlours, restaurants (as hostesses or singers) and beer gardens are at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI). The aim of the systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy of HIV/STI intervention programmes targeting FEWs. Among the 14 included studies, majority were in Asia and targeted native FEWs. Most studies were quasi-experimental and the overall quality was relatively low...
August 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Carinne Brody, Sukhmani Dhaliwal, Sovannary Tuot, Michael Johnson, Khuondyla Pal, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Despite great achievements in reducing the prevalence of HIV, eliminating new HIV infections remains a challenge in Cambodia. Entertainment venues such as restaurants, karaoke bars, beer gardens, cafes, pubs, and massage parlors are now considered important venues for HIV prevention efforts and other health outreach interventions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore phone use and texting practices of female entertainment workers (FEWs) in order to determine if text messaging is a feasible and acceptable way to link FEWs to health services...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Masayuki Satoh, Toru Yuba, Ken-Ichi Tabei, Yukari Okubo, Hirotaka Kida, Hajime Sakuma, Hidekazu Tomimoto
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the effect of singing training on the cognitive function in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. METHODS: Ten AD patients (mean age 78.1 years) participated in music therapy using singing training once a week for 6 months (music therapy group). Each session was performed with professional musicians using karaoke and a unique voice training method (the YUBA Method). Before and after the intervention period, each patient was assessed by neuropsychological batteries, and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was performed while the patients sang familiar songs with a karaoke device...
September 2015: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
Heng Sopheab, Sovannary Tuot, Chhorvann Chhea, Pamina Gorbach
BACKGROUND: Linkages between HIV and reproductive health (RH) among female entertainment workers (EWs) have not been addressed well in most developing countries. In Cambodia, there has been considerable research on HIV epidemiology among EWs. However, there have been limited studies on RH and specifically factors related to abortion. We examine socio-behavioral characteristics, and RH practices as determinants of abortion among Cambodian EWs. METHODS: A survey was conducted in Siem Reap and Battambang and Phnom Penh provinces/city among EWs in September 2012...
2015: Reproductive Health
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Khimuy Tith, Carinne Brody
OBJECTIVE: To explore risk factors associated with induced abortion among sexually active female entertainment workers (FEWs) in Cambodia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Phnom Penh and Siem Reap, Cambodia. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 556 FEWs aged 18-47 years randomly selected from entertainment establishments in the two cities in 2014 using a two-stage cluster sampling method. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire...
2015: BMJ Open
Chunqing Lin, Li Li, Zunyou Wu, Jihui Guan, Yu Xu, Di Wu, Eli Lieber, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
Entertainment venues in China play an important role in the sexually transmitted disease (STD)/HIV epidemic. Most previous studies have focused on sex workers working in entertainment venues, but little is known about their clients. This study investigated the perceptions and behavior of the patrons visiting entertainment venues. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 30 male market vendors who visited entertainment venues at least once in the past 3 months in an eastern city in China. Information about their risky behavior, attitude toward commercial sex, and STD/HIV prevention approaches was collected...
2010: International Journal of Sexual Health: Official Journal of the World Association for Sexual Health
Lu Wang, Weiming Tang, Lan Wang, Shasha Qian, Yin-Ge Li, Jiannan Xing, Dongmin Li, Zhengwei Ding, Giridhara R Babu, Ning Wang
BACKGROUND: Studies on the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted diseases in female sex workers (FSWs) have been limited primarily to inferences drawn by focusing on defined geographical areas. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This serial cross-sectional study was conducted in mainland China from 2008 through 2012. Data for 827 079 participants was analyzed. We classified venues such as karaoke bars and hotels as high tier and venues such as hair salons and barbershops, massage parlors, and other public outdoor venues as low tier based on the participants' socioeconomic status...
July 1, 2014: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Alison Wood Brooks
Individuals often feel anxious in anticipation of tasks such as speaking in public or meeting with a boss. I find that an overwhelming majority of people believe trying to calm down is the best way to cope with pre-performance anxiety. However, across several studies involving karaoke singing, public speaking, and math performance, I investigate an alternative strategy: reappraising anxiety as excitement. Compared with those who attempt to calm down, individuals who reappraise their anxious arousal as excitement feel more excited and perform better...
June 2014: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Iko Safika, Timothy P Johnson, Young Ik Cho, Ignatius Praptoraharjo
This article examined differences in condom use during anal intercourse among men who have sex with men (MSM) and male-to-female transgender women in Jakarta, Indonesia. A cross-sectional design, structured interviews, and hierarchical linear modeling were used to examine condom use among MSM recruited from entertainment places (EPs; e.g., discotheques/dance clubs/karaoke bars), massage parlors (MPs), and among transgender women who congregated and/or sought sexual partners on streets/parks (S/P). The sample consisted of 91, 97, and 114 of MSM-EP, MSM-MP, and transgender-S/P, respectively...
July 2014: American Journal of Men's Health
Edwin M-L Yiu, Gaowu Wang, Andy C Y Lo, Karen M-K Chan, Estella P-M Ma, Jiangping Kong, Elizabeth Ann Barrett
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to determine whether there were physiological differences in the vocal fold vibration between nonfatigued and fatigued voices using high-speed laryngoscopic imaging and quantitative analysis. METHODS: Twenty participants aged from 18 to 23 years (mean, 21.2 years; standard deviation, 1.3 years) with normal voice were recruited to participate in an extended singing task. Vocal fatigue was induced using a singing task. High-speed laryngoscopic image recordings of /i/ phonation were taken before and after the singing task...
November 2013: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Xiang Qian Lao, Ignatius Tak Sun Yu, Dennis Kin Kwok Au, Yuk Lan Chiu, Claudie Chiu Yi Wong, Tze Wai Wong
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a major concern in the non-manufacturing industries. This study aimed to investigate the occupational noise exposure and the NIHL among Chinese restaurant workers and entertainment employees working in the service industry in Hong Kong. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey involved a total of 1,670 participants. Among them, 937 were randomly selected from the workers of Chinese restaurants and 733 were selected from workers in three entertainment sectors: radio and television stations; cultural performance halls or auditoria of the Leisure and Cultural Services Department (LCSD); and karaoke bars...
2013: PloS One
Wen Huang, Don Operario, Yanyan Dong, Nickolas Zaller, Dandan Song, Huan He, Haidong Tao, Junrui Xia, Hongbo Zhang
China has experienced a surge in internal migration during the past decade, and migrant populations have been identified as a high-risk group for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Young female migrants often find employment in entertainment venues (bars, karaoke parlors, and massage parlors) located in metropolitan cities, and sex work transactions frequently occur in these venues. We examined factors associated with risk for HIV, other STIs, and reproductive health challenges in a cross-sectional study of 358 young female migrants, ages 18-29, working in entertainment venues in a rapidly growing urban city in China...
June 2014: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Iko Safika, Judith A Levy, Timothy P Johnson
This paper examines the structural influence of sex work venues on condom use among female sex workers in the Senggigi area of Lombok, Indonesia. A cross-sectional design employing ethnographic observation, structured interviews and hierarchical linear modelling was used to examine condom use among female sex workers who solicited clients at three types of sex work venues: (1) freelance locations, (2) brothels and (3) entertainment places (karaoke bars and massage parlours). The sample consisted of 115 women 'nested' within 16 sex work venues drawn from the three venue types...
2013: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Virginia E Sturm, Marc Sollberger, William W Seeley, Katherine P Rankin, Elizabeth A Ascher, Howard J Rosen, Bruce L Miller, Robert W Levenson
Self-conscious emotions such as embarrassment arise when one's actions fail to meet salient social expectations and are accompanied by marked physiological and behavioral activation. We investigated the neural correlates of self-conscious emotional reactivity in 27 patients with behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), a neurodegenerative disease that disrupts self-conscious emotion and targets brain regions critical for emotional functioning early in the disease course, and in 33 healthy older controls...
April 2013: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Lianne A Urada, Donald E Morisky, Laufred I Hernandez, Steffanie A Strathdee
This paper examined socio-structural factors of consistent condom use among female entertainment workers at high risk for acquiring HIV in Metro Manila, Quezon City, Philippines. Entertainers, aged 18 and over, from 25 establishments (spa/saunas, night clubs, karaoke bars), who traded sex during the previous 6 months, underwent cross-sectional surveys. The 143 entertainers (42% not always using condoms, 58% always using condoms) had median age (23), duration in sex work (7 months), education (9 years), and 29% were married/had live-in boyfriends...
February 2013: AIDS and Behavior
Jun Miao, Wilbur C K Wong, Sreenath Narayan, David L Wilson
PURPOSE: Partially parallel imaging (PPI) greatly accelerates MR imaging by using surface coil arrays and under-sampling k-space. However, the reduction factor (R) in PPI is theoretically constrained by the number of coils (N(C)). A symmetrically shaped kernel is typically used, but this often prevents even the theoretically possible R from being achieved. Here, the authors propose a kernel design method to accelerate PPI faster than R = N(C). METHODS: K-space data demonstrates an anisotropic pattern that is correlated with the object itself and to the asymmetry of the coil sensitivity profile, which is caused by coil placement and B(1) inhomogeneity...
November 2011: Medical Physics
Joan Kaufman
Harm reduction programs for sex workers have been hampered by the prioritization of law enforcement over AIDS prevention. For example, the April 2010 "strike-hard" campaign against prostitution in Beijing, during which bars, nightclubs, saunas, and karaoke bars were raided, created an atmosphere that critically impeded human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) outreach activities for sex workers. In China, criminalization has limited the growth of a coherent and cohesive set of nongovernmental organization (NGO) actors working with sex workers to prevent HIV infection...
December 1, 2011: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Yuhua Ruan, Stephen W Pan, Eric Chamot, Han-Zhu Qian, Dongliang Li, Qing-Chun Li, Hong-Yuan Liang, Patricia Spittal, Yiming Shao, Sibylle Kristensen
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are of immediate concern in China's HIV epidemic. In 2008, approximately 2.5-6.5% of China's eight million MSM were HIV positive, while MSM represented 11% of all new HIV cases. Two factors that will in-part determine HIV-transmission dynamics among MSM, are sexual mixing patterns and the social networks which shape them. Sexual mixing patterns and social networks of Chinese MSM, however, remain poorly understood with little refined data available. One reason is that stigma discourages disclosure of names and identifiers to researchers...
August 2011: AIDS Care
Iko Safika, Timothy P Johnson, Judith A Levy
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers' (FSWs') use of alcohol, a known disinhibitor to risk behaviour, has been largely understudied. Knowledge of how various sex work venues influence FSW's alcohol consumption before engaging in commercial sex is even rarer. Our analysis identifies those factors across three types of sex-work venues that predict alcohol use among FSWs prior to paid sexual intercourse with clients. Our data were collected through structured interviews with FSWs engaging in commercial sex in Senggigi Beach, Lombok Island in the eastern Indonesian province of West Nusa Tenggara...
January 2011: International Journal on Drug Policy
Hua-Hie Yong, Kin Foong, Ron Borland, Maizurah Omar, Stephen Hamann, Buppha Sirirassamee, Geoffrey T Fong, Omid Fotuhi, Andrew Hyland
This study examined support for and reported compliance with smoke-free policy in air-conditioned restaurants and other similar places among adult smokers in Malaysia and Thailand. Baseline data (early 2005) from the International Tobacco Control Southeast Asia Survey (ITC-SEA), conducted face-to-face in Malaysia and Thailand (n = 4005), were used. Among those attending venues, reported total smoking bans in indoor air-conditioned places such as restaurants, coffee shops, and karaoke lounges were 40% and 57% in Malaysia and Thailand, respectively...
January 2010: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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