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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344484/the-prevalence-extent-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-use-among-saudis
#1
REVIEW
Norah A Alrowais, Nada A Alyousefi
Introduction: There is worldwide interest in the use of CAM. Studying CAM in Saudi population is important as it will reflect the influence of psychosocial, cultural and religious factors on health beliefs and behaviors. The objective of this study was to present an updated review on the use of CAM practices in Saudi Arabia including commonly used types, common conditions for which it has been used and who uses CAM. Methods: This review used data from national surveys conducted in Saudi Arabia and published between 2000 and 2015...
March 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328372/psychiatric-genomics-and-mental-health-treatment-setting-the-ethical-agenda
#2
Camillia Kong, Michael Dunn, Michael Parker
Realizing the benefits of translating psychiatric genomics research into mental health care is not straightforward. The translation process gives rise to ethical challenges that are distinctive from challenges posed within psychiatric genomics research itself, or that form part of the delivery of clinical psychiatric genetics services. This article outlines and considers three distinct ethical concerns posed by the process of translating genomic research into frontline psychiatric practice and policy making...
April 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303062/perception-and-attitude-of-medical-doctors-in-dhaka-bangladesh-with-regard-to-ayurvedic-medicine
#3
Yoshitoku Yoshida, Md Abdul Alim, Zakia Alam, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Yasuko Yoshida, Shahabuddin Manikdrs
The World Health Organization (WHO) Traditional Medicine Strategy (2014-2023) aimed to help member states promote the safe and effective use of traditional medicine. While economic conditions have markedly improved in Bangladesh, the country is experiencing significant public health problems. Because of limited medical resources, there is a strong incentive to enhance complementary and alternative medicine usage in Bangladesh. Therefore, this study aimed to confirm the perceptions and attitudes of medical doctors (MDs) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with regard to Ayurvedic medicine (AM)...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254317/personalized-plasma-based-medicine-to-treat-age-related-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Eduardo Anitua, María Troya, Mar Zalduendo, Gorka Orive
As social and health needs are changing, new challenges to develop innovative alternatives arise to address unmet medical needs. Personalized medicine is emerging as a promising and appealing therapeutic option. The use of patient's own plasma and platelets as therapeutics is providing new avenues in the treatment of acute and chronic tissue injuries by promoting tissue repair and regeneration. Plasma and platelet-based therapies mimic the physiological repair process by releasing autologous growth factors and creating a natural, biodegradable and transient scaffold that acts as transient matrix...
May 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248895/the-quebec-serve-protect-low-back-pain-study-a-web-based-cross-sectional-investigation-of-prevalence-and-functional-impact-among-police-officers
#5
Nabiha Benyamina Douma, Charles Côté, Anaïs Lacasse
STUDY DESIGN: . Web-based cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: Describe the prevalence and the burden of low back pain (LBP) and chronic low back pain (CLBP) amongQuebec police officers. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Police officers have work-related factors associated with LBP, but chronicity and impacts of this condition have been little exploredamong this population. METHODS: Between May and October 2014, a web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among police officers working in the province of Quebec (Canada)...
February 28, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246541/a-review-of-black-salve-cancer-specificity-cure-and-cosmesis
#6
REVIEW
Andrew Croaker, Graham J King, John H Pyne, Shailendra Anoopkumar-Dukie, Lei Liu
Black salve is a topical escharotic used for the treatment of skin cancer. Although promoted as a safe and effective alternative to conventional management by its proponents, limited clinical research has been undertaken to assess its efficacy and potential toxicities. Patients are increasingly utilizing the Internet as a source of health information. As a minimally regulated space, the quality and accuracy of this information vary considerably. This review explores four health claims made by black salve vendors, investigating its natural therapy credentials, tumour specificity, and equivalence to orthodox medicine in relation to skin cancer cure rates and cosmesis...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163654/epistemic-cultures-in-complementary-medicine-knowledge-making-in-university-departments-of-osteopathy-and-chinese-medicine
#7
Caragh Brosnan
There is increasing pressure on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to follow the evidence-based approach promoted in allied health and medicine, in which the randomised control trial represents the evidence gold standard. However, many CAM advocates see these methods as undermining the holism of CAM practice. This paper explores how such tensions are managed in CAM university departments - settings in which particular forms of knowledge and evidence are given 'official' imprimatur by CAM educators and researchers...
May 3, 2016: Health Sociology Review: the Journal of the Health Section of the Australian Sociological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146409/granularity-and-laxative-effect-of-ultrafine-powder-of-dendrobium-officinale
#8
DanDan Luo, Chao Qu, ZhenBiao Zhang, JianHui Xie, LieQiang Xu, HongMei Yang, CaiLan Li, GuoSheng Lin, HongFeng Wang, ZiRen Su
Constipation is a common disorder that is a significant source of morbidity among people around the world ranging from 2% to 28%. Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo is a traditional herbal medicine and health food used for tonicity of the stomach and promotion of body fluid production in China. This study aimed to prepare the ultrafine powder of Dendrobium officinale (UDO) and investigate its laxative effect and potential mechanism in mice with diphenoxylate-induced constipation. Results indicated that the mean diameter (d50) of UDO obtained by ball milling was 6...
February 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125079/promoting-appropriate-genetic-testing-the-impact-of-a-combined-test-review-and-consultative-service
#9
Carlos J Suarez, Linbo Yu, Natalie Downs, Helio A Costa, David A Stevenson
PURPOSE: Genetic test misorders can adversely affect patient care. However, little is known about the types of misorders and the overall impact of a utilization management (UM) program on curbing misorders. This study aimed to identify different types of misorders and analyze the impact of a combined test review and consultative service on reducing misorders over time. METHODS: Selected genetic tests were systematically reviewed between January and December 2015 at Stanford Health Care...
January 26, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124732/the-improvement-of-m1-polarization-in-macrophages-by-glycopeptide-derived-from-ganoderma-lucidum
#10
Li-Xin Sun, Zhi-Bin Lin, Jie Lu, Wei-Dong Li, Yan-Dong Niu, Yu Sun, Chen-Yang Hu, Guo-Qiang Zhang, Xin-Suo Duan
Ganoderma lucidum (Fr.) Karst (Ganodermataceae) is a medicinal mushroom that has been extensively used in China for centuries to promote longevity and improve vigor without significant adverse effects. There is continuous interest in the bioactive properties of G. lucidum in view of its newly developed popularity in other regions besides Asia, such as Europe. Glycopeptide derived from G. lucidum (Gl-PS) is one of the main effective components isolated from this mushroom. The Gl-PS has been demonstrated pleiotropic with many bioactivities including immunomodulatory and antitumor effects...
January 26, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051253/antioxidant-diet-and-genotyping-as-tools-for-the-prevention-of-liver-disease
#11
R Di Francia, L Rinaldi, M Cillo, E Varriale, G Facchini, C D'Aniello, G Marotta, M Berretta
It is well-known that 75% of risk factors of chronic liver disease (CLD) are related to nutrition. These circumstances potentially progress towards liver steatosis, fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It still represents an enormous problem for the economy of public health worldwide. Furthermore, validated prevention programs could be the solution. Recent knowledge in understanding molecular determinants of energy liver metabolism and new genetic markers offers new insights into the pathogenesis of CLD and HCC...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033447/assessment-of-overall-survival-quality-of-life-and-safety-benefits-associated-with-new-cancer-medicines
#12
Sebastian Salas-Vega, Othon Iliopoulos, Elias Mossialos
Importance: There is a dearth of evidence examining the impact of newly licensed cancer medicines on therapy. This information could otherwise support clinical practice, and promote value-based decision-making in the cancer drug market. Objective: To evaluate the comparative therapeutic value of all new cancer medicines approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) between 2003 and 2013. Design, Setting, and Participants: We used a narrative synthesis approach to systematically synthesize and analyze English, French, and Australian health technology assessments (HTAs) of all new cancer medicines licensed in the United States and Europe between 2003 and 2013...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011655/cross-national-differences-in-the-holistic-use-of-traditional-east-asian-medicine-in-east-asia
#13
Jae-Mahn Shim, Jibum Kim
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been one of the popular strategies for health promotion. Traditional East Asian medicine (TEAM) is one of the most popular CAM practices in the world and there are suggestions that its holistic utilization is important for users to gain its effects for health promotion. In this context, this study investigates the extent to which TEAM users in East Asian countries utilize various modalities of TEAM holistically. It provides a model that explains cross-national differences in the extent of the holistic use of TEAM between China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987564/how-contextual-issues-can-distort-shared-decision-making
#14
Gerald Gartlehner, Nina Matyas
Shared decision making in medicine has become a widely promoted approach. The goal is for patients and physicians to reach a mutual, informed decision by taking into consideration scientific evidence, clinical experience, and the patient's personal values or preferences. Shared decision making, however, is not a straightforward process. In practice, it might fall short of what it promises and might even be misused to whitewash monetary motives. In this article, which summarizes a presentation given at the 17(th) Annual Conference of the German Network Evidence-based Medicine on March 4(th), 2016 in Cologne, Germany, we discuss three contextual factors that in our opinion can have a tremendous impact on any informed decision making: 1) opinions and convictions of physicians or other clinicians; 2) uncertainty of the evidence regarding benefits and harms; 3) uncertainty of patients about their own values and preferences...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976457/global-health-and-emergency-care-overcoming-clinical-research-barriers
#15
Adam C Levine, Meagan A Barry, Pooja Agrawal, Herbert C Duber, Mary P Chang, Joy M Mackey, Bhakti Hansoti
OBJECTIVES: There are many barriers impeding the conduct of high-quality emergency care research, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Several of these barriers were originally outlined in 2013 as part of the Academic Emergency Medicine Global Health and Emergency Care Consensus Conference. This paper seeks to establish a broader consensus on the barriers to emergency care research globally and proposes a comprehensive array of new recommendations to overcome these barriers...
December 15, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852303/the-effects-of-nigella-sativa-on-thyroid-function-serum-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-vegf-1-nesfatin-1-and-anthropometric-features-in-patients-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Parvin Dehghan, Siroos Tajmiri, Mehran Mesgari Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder and the most common cause of hypothyroidism. The use of Nigella sativa, a potent herbal medicine, continues to increase worldwide as an alternative treatment of several chronic diseases including hyperlipidemia, hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effects of Nigella sativa on thyroid function, serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) - 1, Nesfatin-1 and anthropometric features in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
November 16, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805953/seven-dirty-words-hot-button-language-that-undermines-interprofessional-education-and-practice
#17
Peter S Cahn
An increasingly common goal of health professions education is preparing learners to collaborate with the full range of members on a health care team. While curriculum developers have identified many logistical and conceptual barriers to interprofessional education, one overlooked factor threatens to undermine interprofessional education and practice: language. Language reveals the mental metaphors governing thoughts and actions. The words that faculty members and health care providers use send messages that can-consciously or not-undermine explicit lessons about valuing each member of the care team...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729121/assessment-and-management-of-pain-in-pediatric-otolaryngology
#18
REVIEW
Maria Claudia Rodríguez, Perla Villamor, Tatiana Castillo
INTRODUCTION: Pain is a disease by itself and it's a public health concern of major implication in children, not just because of the emotional component of the child and his family, but also due to the potential morbidity and mortality involving it. A proper assessment of pain it's a challenge in the pediatric population, due to their lack of understanding and verbalization of hurt. Additionally, a satisfactory treatment of pediatric pain can be arduous due to a lack of clinical knowledge, insufficient pediatric research, and the fear to opioid side effects and addiction...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673509/peer-feedback-learning-and-improvement-answering-the-call-of-the-institute-of-medicine-report-on-diagnostic-error
#19
David B Larson, Lane F Donnelly, Daniel J Podberesky, Arnold C Merrow, Richard E Sharpe, Jonathan B Kruskal
In September 2015, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published a report titled "Improving Diagnosis in Health Care," in which it was recommended that "health care organizations should adopt policies and practices that promote a nonpunitive culture that values open discussion and feedback on diagnostic performance." It may seem counterintuitive that a report addressing a highly technical skill such as medical diagnosis would be focused on organizational culture. The wisdom becomes clearer, however, when examined in the light of recent advances in the understanding of human error and individual and organizational performance...
April 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664466/international-youth-justice-systems-promoting-youth-development-and-alternative-approaches-a-position-paper-of-the-society-for-adolescent-health-and-medicine
#20
(no author information available yet)
Youth incarceration is an international public health concern among developed and developing countries. Worldwide, youth are held in incarceration, detention, and other secure settings that are inappropriate for their age and developmental stages, jeopardizing their prosocial development, and reintegration into society. Youth incarceration lacks evidence and cost-effectiveness. The well-being of youth is a key indicator of the welfare of families, communities, and society at large; therefore, the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine (SAHM) supports a paradigm shift in the role of the justice system as it relates to treatment of youth...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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