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Keep fit lifestyle

Susan Catt, J Sheward, E Sheward, H Harder
PURPOSE: Exercise levels often decline following cancer diagnosis despite growing evidence of its benefits. Treatment side effects, older age, lack of confidence and opportunity to exercise with others in similar circumstances influence this. Our study explored the experiences of people attending a cancer-specific community-based exercise programme (CU Fitter™). METHODS: A survey distributed to those attending the programme gathered demographic/clinical information, self-reported exercise levels, information provision and barriers to/benefits of exercise...
April 5, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Else Marie Bartels, Samuel Robertson, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Merete Appleyard, Anders Stockmarr
Background: Lifestyle is expected to influence muscle strength. This study aimed at assessing a possible relationship between smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity, and muscle strength in a healthy Danish population aged 20-79 years. Population study based on data collected from The Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) and measurements of Isokinetic muscle strength from a sub-study of randomly selected healthy participants from CCHS. Methods: 126 women and 63 men were studied...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Archontissa M Kanavaki, Alison Rushton, Nikolaos Efstathiou, Asma Alrushud, Rainer Klocke, Abhishek Abhishek, Joan L Duda
Physical activity (PA), including engagement in structured exercise, has a key role in the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, maintaining a physically active lifestyle is a challenge for people with OA. PA determinants in this population need to be understood better so that they can be optimised by public health or healthcare interventions and social policy changes. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the existing qualitative evidence on barriers and facilitators of PA for patients with hip or knee OA...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
Steriani Elavsky, David Smahel, Hana Machackova
The use of online communities and websites for health information has proliferated along with the use of mobile apps for managing health behaviors such as diet and exercise. The scarce evidence available to date suggests that users of these websites and apps differ in significant ways from non-users but most data come from US- and UK-based populations. In this study, we recruited users of nutrition, weight management, and fitness-oriented websites in the Czech Republic to better understand who uses mobile apps and who does not, including user sociodemographic and psychological profiles...
December 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Anne-Sofie Sand, Nina Emaus, Olaug S Lian
BACKGROUND: Due to a worldwide increase in overweight and obesity, weight-management through lifestyle changes has become an important public health issue. Adolescents and young adults comprise a vulnerable group. The transition into adulthood represents a stage in life when establishing good lifestyle habits for the future is important. The aim of this study was to explore motivation and obstacles for weight reduction, weight maintenance and healthy lifestyle choices in young women. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured in depth interviews with 12 young women, both overweight and normal weight, recruited from a school-based population survey...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
Thomas Boggatz, Christoph Matthias Meinhart
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the types of attitudes to health promotion among older Austrians. BACKGROUND: Health promotion in old age becomes increasingly important in the current period of demographic transition. Interventions are likely to be successful if they take the attitude of older persons into consideration. There may be several types of attitudes to health promotion among older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative study...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Sven Hoekstra, Linda Valent, David Gobets, Lucas van der Woude, Sonja de Groot
PURPOSE: Recognizing the encouraging effect of challenging events, the HandbikeBattle (HBB) was created to promote exercise among wheelchair users. The purpose of this study was to reveal the effects on physical fitness and health outcomes of four-month handbike training under free-living conditions in preparation for the event. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 59 relatively inexperienced handyclists participated in the HBB of 2013 or 2014. Incremental exercise tests were conducted, respiratory function was tested and anthropometrics were measured before and after the preparation period...
August 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
F Li, S H Xie, G Wang, K Su, X S Feng, Z Y Lyu, L W Guo, S H Chen, S Chang, Y H Chen, J S Ren, J F Shi, W J Yang, H Cui, S L Wu, M Dai, N Li, J He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of baseline body mass index (BMI) on the risk of lung cancer incidence in male smokers. METHODS: All the male employees and retirees of the Kailuan Group were recruited in the Chinese Kailuan Male Cohort Study, and they had been experienced routine physical examinations every two years since May, 2006. Up to 31st December 2011, a total of 3 rounds physical examinations had been completed. A total of 42 718 male smokers candidates from the Chinese Kailuan Male Cohort Study were enrolled in the present study...
May 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Paola Laiolo, Javier Seoane, Juan Carlos Illera, Giulia Bastianelli, Luis María Carrascal, José Ramón Obeso
The fit between life histories and ecological niche is a paradigm of phenotypic evolution, also widely used to explain patterns of species co-occurrence. By analysing the lifestyles of a sympatric avian assemblage, we show that species' solutions to environmental problems are not unbound. We identify a life-history continuum structured on the cost of reproduction along a temperature gradient, as well as habitat-driven parental behaviour. However, environmental fit and trait convergence are limited by niche filling and by within-species variability of niche traits, which is greater than variability of life histories...
December 22, 2015: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Corey H Basch, Katherine J Roberts, Sandra Samayoa-Kozlowsky, Debra B Glaser
Weight gain before and after pregnancy is important for women's health. The purpose of this study was to assess articles and advertisements related to weight loss in three widely read parenting magazines, "Parenting School Years," "Parenting Early Years," and "Parenting," which have an estimated combined readership of approximately 24 million (mainly women readers). Almost a quarter (23.7%, n = 32) of the 135 magazine issues over a four year period included at least one feature article on weight loss...
2016: Women & Health
Istvan Barthalos, Sandor Dorgo, Judit Kopkáné Plachy, Zsolt Szakály, Ferenc Ihász, Teodóra Ráczné Németh, József Bognár
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residing older adults often experience fear of sickness or death, functional impairment and pain. It is difficult for these older adults to maintain a physically active lifestyle and to keep a positive outlook on life. This study evaluated the changes in quality of life, attitude to aging, assertiveness, physical fitness and body composition of nursing home residing elderly through a 15-week organized resistance training based physical activity program. METHODS: Inactive older adults living in a state financed nursing home (N...
October 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Georgios K Paschos
Metabolic processes exhibit diurnal variation from cyanobacteria to humans. The circadian clock is thought to have evolved as a time keeping system for the cell to optimize the timing of metabolic events according to physiological needs and environmental conditions. Circadian rhythms temporally separate incompatible cellular processes and optimize cellular and organismal fitness. A modern 24 h lifestyle can run at odds with the circadian rhythm dictated by our molecular clocks and create desynchrony between internal and external timing...
2015: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Thomas D O'Brien, Jane Noyes, Llinos Haf Spencer, Hans-Peter Kubis, Rhiannon T Edwards, Nathan Bray, Rhiannon Whitaker
AIM: To undertake the pre-clinical and modelling phases of the Medical Research Council complex intervention framework to underpin development of child-centred 'keep-fit', exercise and physical activity interventions for children and young people who use wheelchairs. BACKGROUND: Children who use wheelchairs face many barriers to participation in physical activity, which compromises fitness, obesity, well-being and health. 'Keep-fit' programmes that are child-centred and engaging are urgently required to enhance participation of disabled children and their families as part of a healthy lifestyle...
February 2015: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Marta Stankiewicz, Magdalena Pieszko, Aleksandra Sliwińska, Sylwia Małgorzewicz, Łukasz Wierucki, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Bogdan Wyrzykowski, Wiesława Łysiak-Szydłowska
BACKGROUND: In addition to genetic predispositions and environmental factors, healthy lifestyle education is very important for children and adolescents. The purpose of this research was to estimate the number of overweight and obese children and adolescents from small towns and villages and to find out an association between health awareness in children and the risk of becoming overweight or obese. METHODS: The research was conducted in 1,515 healthy children aged 6-18 years from small towns and villages in Poland...
March 2014: Central European Journal of Public Health
Thomas D O'Brien, Jane Noyes, Llinos Haf Spencer, Hans-Peter Kubis, Richard P Hastings, Rhiannon T Edwards, Nathan Bray, Rhiannon Whitaker
AIM: This mixed-method systematic review aims to establish the current evidence base for 'keep fit', exercise or physical activity interventions for children and young people who use wheelchairs. BACKGROUND: Nurses have a vital health promotion, motivational and monitoring role in optimizing the health and well-being of disabled children. Children with mobility impairments are prone to have low participation levels in physical activity, which reduces fitness and well-being...
December 2014: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Maya R Sternberg, Rosemary L Schleicher, Christine M Pfeiffer
The collection of articles in this supplement issue provides insight into the association of various covariates with concentrations of biochemical indicators of diet and nutrition (biomarkers), beyond age, race, and sex, using linear regression. We studied 10 specific sociodemographic and lifestyle covariates in combination with 29 biomarkers from NHANES 2003-2006 for persons aged ≥ 20 y. The covariates were organized into 2 sets or "chunks": sociodemographic (age, sex, race-ethnicity, education, and income) and lifestyle (dietary supplement use, smoking, alcohol consumption, BMI, and physical activity) and fit in hierarchical fashion by using each category or set of related variables to determine how covariates, jointly, are related to biomarker concentrations...
June 2013: Journal of Nutrition
Jenny Zhan, Michelle M Porter, Jan Polgar, Brenda Vrkljan
Safe driving in older adulthood depends not only on health and driving ability, but also on the driving environment itself, including the type of vehicle. However, little is known about how safety figures into the older driver's vehicle selection criteria and how it ranks among other criteria, such as price and comfort. For this purpose, six focus groups of older male and female drivers (n=33) aged 70-87 were conducted in two Canadian cities to explore vehicle purchasing decisions and the contribution of safety in this decision...
December 2013: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Michael E Hochberg, Frédéric Thomas, Eric Assenat, Urszula Hibner
Evolutionary theory predicts that once an individual reaches an age of sufficiently low Darwinian fitness, (s)he will have reduced chances of keeping cancerous lesions in check. While we clearly need to better understand the emergence of precursor states and early malignancies as well as their mitigation by the microenvironment and tissue architecture, we argue that lifestyle changes and preventive therapies based in an evolutionary framework, applied to identified high-risk populations before incipient neoplasms become clinically detectable and chemoresistant lineages emerge, are currently the most reliable way to control or eliminate early tumours...
January 2013: Evolutionary Applications
Bertrand Lebouché, Kim Engler, Joseph J Lévy, Norbert Gilmore, Bruno Spire, Willy Rozenbaum, Jean-Pierre Routy
Given international interest in "treatment as prevention" (TasP) and the pertinence of optimizing antiretroviral treatment (ART) regimens for TasP, 19 French HIV experts were interviewed on their criteria for ART if used specifically for prevention with HIV-positive persons. Through content analysis of the interview material, nine criteria were identified. The most endorsed criteria, collectively, suggest a choice of treatment based on "minimal interference" where negative impacts of ART are minimized and ease of treatment integration maximized in the lives of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) for both the short and long term...
2013: AIDS Care
John M Schuna, Rebekah L Lauersdorf, Timothy K Behrens, Gary Liguori, Mina L Liebert
BACKGROUND: After-school programs may provide valuable opportunities for children to accumulate healthful physical activity (PA). This study assessed the PA of third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade children in the Keep It Moving! (KIM) after-school PA program, which was implemented in an ethnically diverse and low socioeconomic status school district in Colorado Springs, Colorado. METHODS: The PA of KIM participating children (N = 116) at 4 elementary schools was objectively assessed using ActiGraph accelerometers and the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT)...
February 2013: Journal of School Health
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