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Keep fit lifestyle

Thomas Boggatz, Christoph Matthias Meinhart
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the types of attitudes to health promotion among older Austrians. BACKGROUND: Health promotion in old age becomes increasingly important in the current period of demographic transition. Interventions are likely to be successful if they take the attitude of older persons into consideration. There may be several types of attitudes to health promotion among older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative study...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Sven Hoekstra, Linda Valent, David Gobets, Lucas van der Woude, Sonja de Groot
PURPOSE: Recognizing the encouraging effect of challenging events, the HandbikeBattle (HBB) was created to promote exercise among wheelchair users. The purpose of this study was to reveal the effects on physical fitness and health outcomes of four-month handbike training under free-living conditions in preparation for the event. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 59 relatively inexperienced handyclists participated in the HBB of 2013 or 2014. Incremental exercise tests were conducted, respiratory function was tested and anthropometrics were measured before and after the preparation period...
July 6, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
F Li, S H Xie, G Wang, K Su, X S Feng, Z Y Lyu, L W Guo, S H Chen, S Chang, Y H Chen, J S Ren, J F Shi, W J Yang, H Cui, S L Wu, M Dai, N Li, J He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of baseline body mass index (BMI) on the risk of lung cancer incidence in male smokers. METHODS: All the male employees and retirees of the Kailuan Group were recruited in the Chinese Kailuan Male Cohort Study, and they had been experienced routine physical examinations every two years since May, 2006. Up to 31st December 2011, a total of 3 rounds physical examinations had been completed. A total of 42 718 male smokers candidates from the Chinese Kailuan Male Cohort Study were enrolled in the present study...
May 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Paola Laiolo, Javier Seoane, Juan Carlos Illera, Giulia Bastianelli, Luis María Carrascal, José Ramón Obeso
The fit between life histories and ecological niche is a paradigm of phenotypic evolution, also widely used to explain patterns of species co-occurrence. By analysing the lifestyles of a sympatric avian assemblage, we show that species' solutions to environmental problems are not unbound. We identify a life-history continuum structured on the cost of reproduction along a temperature gradient, as well as habitat-driven parental behaviour. However, environmental fit and trait convergence are limited by niche filling and by within-species variability of niche traits, which is greater than variability of life histories...
December 22, 2015: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Corey H Basch, Katherine J Roberts, Sandra Samayoa-Kozlowsky, Debra B Glaser
Weight gain before and after pregnancy is important for women's health. The purpose of this study was to assess articles and advertisements related to weight loss in three widely read parenting magazines, "Parenting School Years," "Parenting Early Years," and "Parenting," which have an estimated combined readership of approximately 24 million (mainly women readers). Almost a quarter (23.7%, n = 32) of the 135 magazine issues over a four year period included at least one feature article on weight loss. A variety of topics were covered in the featured articles, with the most frequent topics being on losing weight to please yourself (25...
2016: Women & Health
I Barthalos, S Dorgo, J Kopkáné Plachy, Z Szakály, F Ihász, T Ráczné Németh, J Bognár
AIM: Nursing home residing older adults often experience fear of sickness or death, functional impairment and pain. It is difficult for these older adults to maintain a physically active lifestyle and to keep a positive outlook on life. This study evaluated the changes in quality of life, attitude to aging, assertiveness, physical fitness and body composition of nursing home residing elderly through a 15-week organized resistance training based physical activity program. METHODS: Inactive older adults living in a state financed nursing home (N=45) were randomly divided into two intervention groups and a control group...
July 24, 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Georgios K Paschos
Metabolic processes exhibit diurnal variation from cyanobacteria to humans. The circadian clock is thought to have evolved as a time keeping system for the cell to optimize the timing of metabolic events according to physiological needs and environmental conditions. Circadian rhythms temporally separate incompatible cellular processes and optimize cellular and organismal fitness. A modern 24 h lifestyle can run at odds with the circadian rhythm dictated by our molecular clocks and create desynchrony between internal and external timing...
2015: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Thomas D O'Brien, Jane Noyes, Llinos Haf Spencer, Hans-Peter Kubis, Rhiannon T Edwards, Nathan Bray, Rhiannon Whitaker
AIM: To undertake the pre-clinical and modelling phases of the Medical Research Council complex intervention framework to underpin development of child-centred 'keep-fit', exercise and physical activity interventions for children and young people who use wheelchairs. BACKGROUND: Children who use wheelchairs face many barriers to participation in physical activity, which compromises fitness, obesity, well-being and health. 'Keep-fit' programmes that are child-centred and engaging are urgently required to enhance participation of disabled children and their families as part of a healthy lifestyle...
February 2015: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Marta Stankiewicz, Magdalena Pieszko, Aleksandra Sliwińska, Sylwia Małgorzewicz, Łukasz Wierucki, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Bogdan Wyrzykowski, Wiesława Łysiak-Szydłowska
BACKGROUND: In addition to genetic predispositions and environmental factors, healthy lifestyle education is very important for children and adolescents. The purpose of this research was to estimate the number of overweight and obese children and adolescents from small towns and villages and to find out an association between health awareness in children and the risk of becoming overweight or obese. METHODS: The research was conducted in 1,515 healthy children aged 6-18 years from small towns and villages in Poland...
March 2014: Central European Journal of Public Health
Thomas D O'Brien, Jane Noyes, Llinos Haf Spencer, Hans-Peter Kubis, Richard P Hastings, Rhiannon T Edwards, Nathan Bray, Rhiannon Whitaker
AIM: This mixed-method systematic review aims to establish the current evidence base for 'keep fit', exercise or physical activity interventions for children and young people who use wheelchairs. BACKGROUND: Nurses have a vital health promotion, motivational and monitoring role in optimizing the health and well-being of disabled children. Children with mobility impairments are prone to have low participation levels in physical activity, which reduces fitness and well-being...
December 2014: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Maya R Sternberg, Rosemary L Schleicher, Christine M Pfeiffer
The collection of articles in this supplement issue provides insight into the association of various covariates with concentrations of biochemical indicators of diet and nutrition (biomarkers), beyond age, race, and sex, using linear regression. We studied 10 specific sociodemographic and lifestyle covariates in combination with 29 biomarkers from NHANES 2003-2006 for persons aged ≥ 20 y. The covariates were organized into 2 sets or "chunks": sociodemographic (age, sex, race-ethnicity, education, and income) and lifestyle (dietary supplement use, smoking, alcohol consumption, BMI, and physical activity) and fit in hierarchical fashion by using each category or set of related variables to determine how covariates, jointly, are related to biomarker concentrations...
June 2013: Journal of Nutrition
Jenny Zhan, Michelle M Porter, Jan Polgar, Brenda Vrkljan
Safe driving in older adulthood depends not only on health and driving ability, but also on the driving environment itself, including the type of vehicle. However, little is known about how safety figures into the older driver's vehicle selection criteria and how it ranks among other criteria, such as price and comfort. For this purpose, six focus groups of older male and female drivers (n=33) aged 70-87 were conducted in two Canadian cities to explore vehicle purchasing decisions and the contribution of safety in this decision...
December 2013: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Michael E Hochberg, Frédéric Thomas, Eric Assenat, Urszula Hibner
Evolutionary theory predicts that once an individual reaches an age of sufficiently low Darwinian fitness, (s)he will have reduced chances of keeping cancerous lesions in check. While we clearly need to better understand the emergence of precursor states and early malignancies as well as their mitigation by the microenvironment and tissue architecture, we argue that lifestyle changes and preventive therapies based in an evolutionary framework, applied to identified high-risk populations before incipient neoplasms become clinically detectable and chemoresistant lineages emerge, are currently the most reliable way to control or eliminate early tumours...
January 2013: Evolutionary Applications
Bertrand Lebouché, Kim Engler, Joseph J Lévy, Norbert Gilmore, Bruno Spire, Willy Rozenbaum, Jean-Pierre Routy
Given international interest in "treatment as prevention" (TasP) and the pertinence of optimizing antiretroviral treatment (ART) regimens for TasP, 19 French HIV experts were interviewed on their criteria for ART if used specifically for prevention with HIV-positive persons. Through content analysis of the interview material, nine criteria were identified. The most endorsed criteria, collectively, suggest a choice of treatment based on "minimal interference" where negative impacts of ART are minimized and ease of treatment integration maximized in the lives of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) for both the short and long term...
2013: AIDS Care
John M Schuna, Rebekah L Lauersdorf, Timothy K Behrens, Gary Liguori, Mina L Liebert
BACKGROUND: After-school programs may provide valuable opportunities for children to accumulate healthful physical activity (PA). This study assessed the PA of third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade children in the Keep It Moving! (KIM) after-school PA program, which was implemented in an ethnically diverse and low socioeconomic status school district in Colorado Springs, Colorado. METHODS: The PA of KIM participating children (N = 116) at 4 elementary schools was objectively assessed using ActiGraph accelerometers and the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT)...
February 2013: Journal of School Health
Hon K Yuen, Hazel L Breland, Laura K Vogtle, Katy Holthaus, Diane L Kamen, David Sword
OBJECTIVE: To explore the process associated with the motivation for playing Wii Fit among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Individual in-depth semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 14 sedentary African American women with SLE to explore their experiences and reflect on their motivation for playing Wii Fit after completing a 10-week home-based Wii Fit exercise program. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using the constant comparative method to identify categories related to participants' motivation...
January 2013: Disability and Health Journal
William E Reichman, Nathan S Rose
As the global population is projected to age substantially in coming decades, the number of individuals who will develop Alzheimer disease (AD) is expected to rise dramatically. We have come to understand that AD is likely to be multidetermined through interactions between heritable causal and susceptibility genes, environmental exposures, midlife health status, and lifestyle choices. In addition, mounting evidence suggests that the neuropathological processes characteristic of AD can be detected several years before the onset of clinical symptoms...
July 2012: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Yoshimi Fukuoka, Teri Lindgren, Soson Jong
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper were to explore the acceptability of components of a mobile phone/pedometer-based physical activity program and to understand motivators and barriers to increase physical activity in a diverse sample of sedentary women. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted following a 3-week pilot mobile phone/pedometer-based physical activity intervention. Forty-one sedentary women participated in the study...
May 2012: Public Health Nursing
Chad M Cook, Dale A Schoeller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is often hypothesized that increasing the volume of physical activity in the American lifestyle will slow and possibly even reverse the epidemic of obesity. Herein, we review the evidence pertaining to the role of physical activity in weight control from interventions performed in adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence exists both for and against the role of physical activity in weight control. High levels of physical activity and successful maintenance of body weight may be a result of better coupling between energy intake and energy expenditure, potentially mediated by physiological changes in appetite, albeit in the presence of large interindividual variability...
September 2011: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Gani Dragusha, Abdulla Elezi, Shpend Dragusha, Daut Gorani, Luljeta Begolli
The research has included 422 patients aged between 25 to 60, of whom 341 were men and 81 women. The purpose of research was to determine impact of diet and physical activity in the treatment of metabolic syndrome during the six month period. Processing of results through descriptive and discriminative analysis have indicated that 6 month treatment with diet and physical activity have had an impact in the: waistline decrease by 6.05 cm or 5.50% among males, and 4.92 cm or 5.10% among females; body mass index (BMI) decrease by 1...
May 2010: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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