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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322378/modelling-metaldehyde-in-catchments-a-river-thames-case-study
#1
Q Lu, P G Whitehead, G Bussi, M N Futter, L Nizzetto
The application of metaldehyde to agricultural catchment areas to control slugs and snails has caused severe problems for drinking water supply in recent years. In the River Thames catchment, metaldehyde has been detected at levels well above the EU and UK drinking water standards of 0.1 μg l(-1) at many sites across the catchment between 2008 and 2015. Metaldehyde is applied in autumn and winter, leading to its increased concentrations in surface waters. It is shown that a process-based hydro-biogeochemical transport model (INCA-contaminants) can be used to simulate metaldehyde transport in catchments from areas of application to the aquatic environment...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302721/involvement-of-notch1-signaling-in-malignant-progression-of-a549-cells-subjected-to-prolonged-cadmium-exposure
#2
Kota Fujiki, Hisako Inamura, Takamitsu Miyayama, Masato Matsuoka
Cadmium exposure is known to increase lung cancer risk, but the underlying molecular mechanisms in cadmium-stimulated progression of malignancy are unclear. Here, we examined the effects of prolonged cadmium exposure on the malignant progression of A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells and the roles of Notch1, hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-α), and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R)/Akt/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/p70 S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) signaling pathways. Exposing A549 cells to 10 or 20 μM cadmium chloride (CdCl2) for 9-15 weeks induced a high proliferative potential, the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), stress fiber formation, high cell motility, and resistance to anti-tumor drugs...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298074/evaluation-of-growth-inhibitory-response-of-resveratrol-and-salinomycin-combinations-against-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#3
Girish Rai, Shankar Suman, Sanjay Mishra, Yogeshwer Shukla
Resveratrol (RSVL) a dietary phytochemical showed to enhance the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs. Recently, Salinomycin (SAL) has gained importance as cancer therapeutic value for breast cancer (BC), however, its superfluxious toxicity delimits the utility. Taking the advantage of RSVL, the therapeutic efficacy of RSVL and SAL combination was studied in vitro and in vivo system. Firstly, the synergistic combination dose of RSVL and SAL was calculated and further, the efficacy was examined by wound healing, and Western blots analysis...
March 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277194/knockdown-of-collagen-triple-helix-repeat-containing-1-cthrc1-inhibits-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-cellular-migration-in-glioblastoma-cells
#4
Jianpeng Liu, Wei Li, Shunshun Liu, Xu Zheng, Lin Shi, Weitao Zhang, Hongfa Yang
Collagen triple helix repeat containing 1 (CTHRC1), an extracellular matrix-related protein, has been found to be upregulated in many solid tumors and contributes to tumorigenesis. We found that CTHRC1 is overexpressed in glioblastoma tissues and cells. By using the technique of RNA interference, the expression of CTHRC1 in the human glioblastoma U-87MG cell line was downregulated, and the proliferation and migration of U-87MG cells were examined. The results showed that the knockdown of CTHRC1 exerts inhibitory effects on the proliferation and migration ability of U-87MG cells...
January 26, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273686/the-impact-of-the-degree-of-aquifer-confinement-and-anisotropy-on-tidal-pulse-propagation
#5
Pin Shuai, Peter S K Knappett, Saddam Hossain, Alamgir Hosain, Kimberly Rhodes, Kazi Matin Ahmed, M Bayani Cardenas
Oceanic tidal fluctuations which propagate long distances up coastal rivers can be exploited to constrain hydraulic properties of riverbank aquifers. These estimates, however, may be sensitive to degree of aquifer confinement and aquifer anisotropy. We analyzed the hydraulic properties of a tidally influenced aquifer along the Meghna River in Bangladesh using: (1) slug tests combined with drilling logs and surface resistivity to estimate Transmissivity (T); (2) a pumping test to estimate T and Storativity (S) and thus Aquifer Diffusivity (DPT ); and (3) the observed reduction in the amplitude and velocity of a tidal pulse to calculate D using the Jacob-Ferris analytical solution...
March 8, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269747/microrna-203-suppresses-invasion-of-gastric-cancer-cells-by-targeting-erk1-2-slug-e-cadherin-signaling
#6
Jiangdong Du, Shijie Wang, Fuchun Jing, Jiang Zhan, Yunhui Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Growing evidence suggests that microRNA plays an essential role in the development and metastasis of many tumors, including gastric cancer (GC). Expression of microRNA-203 (miR-203) has been reported to decrease in GC. In addition, overexpression of miR-203 inhibits grow of GC cells in vitro and in vivo. However, whether miR-203 affects cell migration and invasion of GC remains unclear. This study aimed to reveal the role of miR-203 on migration and invasion of GC, and its potential mechanisms...
February 27, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265502/asymmetry-of-mandibular-dentition-is-associated-with-dietary-specialization-in-snail-eating-snakes
#7
Masaki Hoso
BACKGROUND: In vertebrates, the left-and-right pairs of homologous organs are generally present in equal numbers. A remarkable exception is snail-eating snakes in the family Pareidae: almost all the pareid snakes have much more teeth on the right mandible than on the left for functional specialization in feeding on the dextral majority of land snails. Because the only exceptional species with symmetric dentition has been regarded as a slug-eater, the extent of dietary specialization on slugs could shape the degree of the lateral asymmetry of mandibular dentition (dentition asymmetry) even among snail eaters...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259959/overexpression-of-tmprss4-promotes-tumor-proliferation-and-aggressiveness-in-breast-cancer
#8
Xiao-Mei Li, Wen-Lou Liu, Xu Chen, Ya-Wen Wang, Duan-Bo Shi, Hui Zhang, Ran-Ran Ma, Hai-Ting Liu, Xiang-Yu Guo, Feng Hou, Ming Li, Peng Gao
Transmembrane protease serine 4 (TMPRSS4) is a novel type II transmembrane serine protease that is overexpressed in various types of human cancers and has an important function in cancer progression. However, there is a paucity of data available regarding the biological effects of TMPRSS4 on breast cancer (BC) cells and the underlying mechanisms. In this study, expression of TMPRSS4 in BC tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. The relationship between TMPRSS4 expression and clinicopathological characteristics as well as prognosis was evaluated...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259943/sclareolide-enhances-gemcitabine%C3%A2-induced-cell-death-through-mediating-the-nicd-and-gli1-pathways-in-gemcitabine%C3%A2-resistant-human-pancreatic-cancer
#9
Sheng Chen, Ye Wang, Wen-Long Zhang, Mao-Sheng Dong, Jian-Hua Zhang
Pancreatic cancer is a type of cancer, which rapidly develops resistance to chemotherapy. Gemcitabine is the treatment used clinically, however, gemcitabine resistance leads to limited efficacy and patient survival rates of only a few months following diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic cancer and to select targeted agents combined with gemcitabine to promote the treatment of pancreatic cancer. Panc‑1 and ASPC‑1 human pancreatic cancer cells (HPCCs) were used to establish the experimental model, and HPCCs were exposed to gemcitabine of serially increased concentrations to generate gemcitabine‑resistant cells (GR‑HPCCs)...
February 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256185/traf4-regulates-migration-invasion-and-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-via-pi3k-akt-signaling-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Kairui Liu, Xiaolin Wu, Xian Zang, Zejian Huang, Zeyu Lin, Wenliang Tan, Xiang Wu, Wenrou Hu, Baoqi Li, Lei Zhang
The tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 4 (TRAF4) overexpression has been detected in many cancer types and considered to foster tumor progression. However, the role of TRAF4 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains elusive. In this study, we found that TRAF4 was highly expressed in HCC cell lines and HCC tissues compared with normal liver cell line and adjacent noncancerous tissue. TRAF4 overexpression in HCC tissues was correlated with tumor numbers and vascular invasion. <em>in vitro</em> studies showed that TRAF4 was associated with HCC cells migration and invasion...
March 2, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249899/kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-transcription-factor-klf10-suppresses-tgf%C3%AE-induced-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-via-a-negative-feedback-mechanism
#11
Vivek Kumar Mishra, Malayannan Subramaniam, Vijayalakshmi Kari, Kevin S Pitel, Simon J Baumgart, Ryan M Naylor, Sankari Nagarajan, Florian Wegwitz, Volker Ellenrieder, John R Hawse, Steven A Johnsen
TGFβ-SMAD signaling exerts a contextual effect that suppresses malignant growth early in epithelial tumorigenesis but promotes metastasis at later stages. Longstanding challenges in resolving this functional dichotomy may uncover new strategies to treat advanced carcinomas. The Krüppel-like transcription factor KLF10 is a pivotal effector of TGFβ/SMAD signaling that mediates anti-proliferative effects of TGFβ. In this study, we show how KLF10 opposes the pro-metastatic effects of TGFβ by limiting its ability to induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
March 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247446/the-clinical-significance-and-biological-function-of-large-tumour-suppressor-2-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Rong Liang, Yan Lin, Chun-Ling Yuan, Zhi-Hui Liu, Yong-Qiang Li, Xiao-Ling Luo, Jia-Zhou Ye, Hai-Hong Ye
OBJECTIVES: Present evidence has suggested that large tumour suppressor 2 (LATS2) is abnormally expressed in most human cancer. However, the clinical and prognostic value in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Large tumour suppressor 2 mRNA and protein expression levels in HCC tissues and cell lines were detected by qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry or Western blot. The correlation between LATS2 expression and clinicopathological factors was analysed through immunohistochemistry...
March 1, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244853/upregulation-of-cd147-promotes-metastasis-of-cholangiocarcinoma-by-modulating-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transitional-process
#13
Paweena Dana, Ryusho Kariya, Kulthida Vaeteewoottacharn, Kanlayanee Sawanyawisuth, Wunchana Seubwai, Kouki Matsuda, Seiji Okada, Sopit Wongkham
CD147 is a trans-membrane protein that can induce the expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP). Expression of CD147 has been shown to potentiate cell migration, invasion, and metastasis of cancer. In this study, the critical role of CD147 in metastasis was elucidated using CD147-overexpressing cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cells, <em>in vitro</em> and <em>in vivo</em>. The demonstrated molecular mechanism herein, supported that metastasis increased in CD147-overexpressing cells...
December 15, 2016: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240680/inhibition-of-wnt-signaling-reduces-differentiation-and-induces-sensitivity-to-doxorubicin-in-human-malignant-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cells
#14
Junjira Suebsoonthron, Thiranut Jaroonwitchawan, Montarop Yamabhai, Parinya Noisa
Neuroblastoma is one of the most common cancers in infancy, arising from the neuroblasts during embryonic development. This cancer is difficult to treat and resistance to chemotherapy is often found; therefore, clinical trials of novel therapeutic approaches, such as targeted-cancer signaling, could be an alternative for a better treatment. WNT signaling plays significant roles in the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of human neuroblastoma. In this report, WNT signaling of a malignant human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y cells, was inhibited by XAV939, a specific inhibitor of the Tankyrase enzyme...
February 24, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220242/expression-of-clonorchis-sinensis-giiispla2-protein-in-baculovirus-infected-insect-cells-and-its-overexpression-facilitating-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-huh7-cells-via-akt-pathway
#15
Mei Shang, Zhizhi Xie, Zeli Tang, Lei He, Xiaoyun Wang, Caiqin Wang, Yinjuan Wu, Ye Li, Lu Zhao, Zhiyue Lv, Zhongdao Wu, Yan Huang, Xinbing Yu, Xuerong Li
Although prior studies confirmed that group III secretory phospholipase A2 of Clonorchis sinensis (CsGIIIsPLA2) had stimulating effect on liver fibrosis by binding to LX-2 cells, large-scale expression of recombinant protein and its function in the progression of hepatoma are worth exploring. Because of high productivity and low lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in the Sf9-baculovirus expression system, we firstly used this system to express the coding region of CsGIIIsPLA2. The molecular weight of recombinant CsGIIIsPLA2 protein was about 34 kDa...
February 20, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214216/cancer-stem-cell-cytokeratins-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-markers-expression-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-derived-from-ortothopic-xenoimplantation-of-cd44-high-cells
#16
Nathália Paiva de Andrade, Maria Fernanda Setúbal Destro Rodrigues, Camila Oliveira Rodini, Fabio Daumas Nunes
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most prevalent neoplasia of oral cavity worldwide and prognosis remains unchanged in decades. Recently, different authors reported that head and neck squamous cell carcinomas have a subpopulation of tumor initiating cells that apparently correspond to cancer stem cells (CSC) and are also responsible for tumor growth and metastasis. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the microscopic and phenotypic characteristics of OSCC tumors induced after orthotopic xenoimplantation of SCC9(WT) cell line and CSC-enriched subpopulation isolated from SCC9 cell line based on high expression of the putative CSC marker CD44...
December 23, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209530/slc39a6-promotes-aggressiveness-of-esophageal-carcinoma-cells-by-increasing-intracellular-levels-of-zinc-activating-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-signaling-and-upregulating-genes-that-regulate-metastasis
#17
Xinxin Cheng, Lixuan Wei, Xudong Huang, Jian Zheng, Mingming Shao, Ting Feng, Jun Li, Yaling Han, Wenle Tan, Wen Tan, Dongxin Lin, Chen Wu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A common variant in the solute carrier family 39 member 6 gene (SLC39A6) has been associated with survival times of patients with esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC). We investigated the function of SLC39A6 and ways in which this variant affects tumor progression by studying ESCC samples and cell lines. METHODS: SLC39A6 was expressed, or knocked down by expression of small hairpin RNAs, in ESCC cells (KYSE30 and KYSE450) and HeLa cells using lentiviral vectors; we analyzed effects on proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasion in vitro...
February 13, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209428/an-artificial-intelligence-based-improved-classification-of-two-phase-flow-patterns-with-feature-extracted-from-acquired-images
#18
C Shanthi, N Pappa
Flow pattern recognition is necessary to select design equations for finding operating details of the process and to perform computational simulations. Visual image processing can be used to automate the interpretation of patterns in two-phase flow. In this paper, an attempt has been made to improve the classification accuracy of the flow pattern of gas/ liquid two- phase flow using fuzzy logic and Support Vector Machine (SVM) with Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The videos of six different types of flow patterns namely, annular flow, bubble flow, churn flow, plug flow, slug flow and stratified flow are recorded for a period and converted to 2D images for processing...
February 13, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197390/the-immune-checkpoint-ligand-pd-l1-is-upregulated-in-emt-activated-human-breast-cancer-cells-by-a-mechanism-involving-zeb-1-and-mir-200
#19
Muhammad Zaeem Noman, Bassam Janji, Abderemane Abdou, Meriem Hasmim, Stéphane Terry, Tuan Zea Tan, Fathia Mami-Chouaib, Jean Paul Thiery, Salem Chouaib
PD-L1 expression and regulation by mesenchymal tumor cells remain largely undefined. Here, we report that among different EMT-activated MCF7 human breast cancer cell clones, PD-L1 was differentially upregulated in MCF7 sh-WISP2, MCF7-1001/2101, and MDA-MB-231 cells but not in MCF7 SNAI1 and MCF7 SNAI1-6SA cells. Mechanistic investigations revealed that siRNA silencing of ZEB-1, but not SNAI1, TWIST, or SLUG and overexpression of miR200 family members in MCF7 sh-WISP2 cells strongly decreased PD-L1 expression...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194635/using-the-slug-mucosal-irritation-assay-to-investigate-the-tolerability-of-tablet-excipients-on-human-skin-in-the-context-of-the-use-of-a-nipple-shield-delivery-system
#20
Richard Kendall, Joke Lenoir, Stephen Gerrard, Rebekah L Scheuerle, Nigel K H Slater, Catherine Tuleu
PURPOSE: Neonates are particularly challenging to treat. A novel patented drug delivery device containing a rapidly disintegrating tablet held within a modified nipple shield (NSDS) was designed to deliver medication to infants during breastfeeding. However concerns exist around dermatological nipple tolerability with no pharmaceutical safety assessment guidance to study local tissue tolerance of the nipple and the areola. This is the first Slug Mucosal Irritation (SMI) study to evaluate irritancy potential of GRAS excipients commonly used to manufacture rapidly disintegrating immediate release solid oral dosage form METHODS: Zinc sulphate selected as the antidiarrheal model drug that reduces infant mortality, was blended with functional excipients at traditional levels [microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate]...
February 13, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
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