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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724284/inter-alpha-inhibitor-h4-as-a-potential-biomarker-predicting-the-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Eun-Jung Lee, Seung-Hyun Yang, Kyoung-Jin Kim, Hyejung Cha, Seo Jin Lee, Ji-Hye Kim, Junkyu Song, Kyung-Hee Chun, Jinsil Seong
Purpose: Early prediction of treatment outcomes represents an essential step towards increased treatment efficacy and survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we performed two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) followed by protein profiling to identify biomarkers predictive of therapeutic outcomes in patients with HCC who received liver-directed therapy (LDTx) involving local radiotherapy (RT), and studied the underlying mechanisms of the identified proteins...
July 17, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724258/lldt-288-a-novel-triptolide-analogue-exhibits-potent-antitumor-activity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
Hongtao Xu, Xiaoting Fan, Guanjun Zhang, Xiaoyu Liu, Zhihong Li, Yuanchao Li, Biao Jiang
(14S)-14β-(1-(2-morpholinoethyl)-1H-indazol-5-ylamino)mthylepitriptolide (LLDT-288) was a novel C14β-heterocycle aminomethyl substituent triptolide analogue, which showed comparable cytotoxicity to triptolide. Here we demonstrated that LLDT-288 displayed broad-spectrum, potent antitumor activity, effectively against drug-resistance cancer cells, and induced apoptosis in vitro, but exerted low toxicity. Moreover, it exhibited a remarkable microsomal stability, and showed no inhibitory effects on different cytochrome P450 isoforms...
July 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724210/dandelion-root-extract-suppressed-gastric-cancer-cells-proliferation-and-migration-through-targeting-lncrna-ccat1
#3
Huanhuan Zhu, Hangyong Zhao, Linjie Zhang, Jianmin Xu, Chunhua Zhu, Hui Zhao, Guoqiang Lv
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common tumors worldwide. Standard treatment after early detection involves surgical excision (recurrence is possible), and metastatic gastric cancer is refractory to immuno-, radio-, and most harmful chemotherapies. Various natural compounds have shown efficacy in killing different cancers, albeit not always specifically. In this study, we show that dandelion root extract (DRE) specifically and effectively suppresses proliferation and migration in human gastric cells without inducing toxicity in noncancerous cells...
July 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724204/gait-and-balance-impairment-after-acute-methanol-poisoning
#4
Kamila Peterová, Hana Brožová, Jiří Klempíř, Irena Lišková, Ondřej Bezdíček, Petr Ridzoň, Manuela Vaněčková, Sergej Zakharov, Daniela Pelclová, Michal Miovský, Evžen Růžička
Neurological sequelae including gait impairment were reported in survivors after methanol intoxication; however, no systematic study has been published so far. We aimed to analyse gait and balance impairment in a group of Czech methanol poisoning survivors. We examined 43 patients (age 46±13 years) 2-8 months after methanol poisoning and 43 healthy controls. Investigations contained a shortened version of Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), clinical tests of gait and balance including Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and gait analysis using GaitRite(®) system, neurological and neuropsychological examination, brain imaging, EMG and tests of alcohol consumption...
July 19, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724193/saline-irrigation-for-the-management-of-skin-extravasation-injury-in-neonates
#5
REVIEW
P N Gopalakrishnan, Nitin Goel, Sujoy Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Extravasation injury, a complication commonly seen in the neonatal intensive care unit, can result in scarring with cosmetic and functional sequelae. A wide variety of treatments are available, including subcutaneous irrigation with saline (with or without hyaluronidase), liposuction, use of specific antidotes, topical applications, and normal wound care with dry or wet dressings. All such treatments aim to prevent or reduce the severity of complications. OBJECTIVES: Primary objective To compare the efficacy and safety of saline irrigation or saline irrigation with prior hyaluronidase infiltration versus no intervention or normal wound care for tissue healing in neonates with extravasation injury...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724186/inositol-hexaphosphate-insp6-as-an-effective-topical-treatment-for-patients-receiving-adjuvant-chemotherapy-after-breast-surgery
#6
S Proietti, V Pasta, A Cucina, C Aragona, E Palombi, I Vucenik, M Bizzarri
OBJECTIVE: Oral treatment with inositol hexaphosphate (InsP6) has shown to be efficient in decreasing adverse effects in patients with breast cancer under chemotherapy. This study was aimed at evaluating and comparing the efficacy of topical InsP6 in improving quality of life in women treated with anticancer drugs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) with allocation concealment of 20 patients in two groups, one (experimental) applied 4% topical formulation of InsP6 once a day, whereas the second one (control) a gel containing hyaluronic acid...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724182/efficacy-of-myo-inositol-in-the-clinical-management-of-patients-with-asthenozoospermia
#7
A Dinkova, D Martinov, E Konova
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of myo-inositol in combination with minerals and vitamin on sperm motility in patients affected by asthenozoospermia as index of Bulgarian population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One-hundred-nine men aged between 18 and 50 years with reduced sperm motility identified by routine semen analysis were enrolled in this study. After excluding any urological problems, three months of treatment with a supplementation based on myo-inositol and other minerals and vitamins (Andrositol, MLD trading, Bulgaria) was prescribed...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724173/a-comparative-study-between-myo-inositol-and-metformin-in-the-treatment-of-insulin-resistant-women
#8
K Nas, L Tűű
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance (IR) is a common disorder, which can impair female fertility and is characterized by phenotypic heterogeneity. Life-style treatment and insulin sensitizers are commonly used in the management of women with IR and consequent hyperinsulinemia, in order to restore the normal endocrinological and clinical parameters. Metformin (MET) is considered one of the first approaches to this pathology but new evidences are showing promising results using myo-inositol (MYO) in the management of this pathology...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724171/beta-glucan-inositol-and-digestive-enzymes-improve-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#9
R Spagnuolo, C Cosco, R M Mancina, G Ruggiero, P Garieri, V Cosco, P Doldo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a mixture of beta-glucan, inositol and digestive enzymes in improving gastrointestinal symptoms in patients affected by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted at the IBD Unit of the University of Catanzaro. Forty-three IBD patients with IBS symptoms were included in the study. IBD diagnosis was performed by clinical, endoscopic, histological and radiological criteria...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724168/efficacy-and-safety-of-glp-1-receptor-agonists-across-the-spectrum-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Lawrence A Leiter, Michael A Nauck
For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) generally exert robust glucose-lowering effects that are at least as effective as insulin. As monotherapies, changes from baseline in HbA1c with GLP-1RAs ranged from -1.9 to -0.7% in phase 3 trials. In addition, GLP-1RAs confer a low risk of hypoglycaemia and have a body-weight advantage (changes from baseline ranging from -4.0 to -0.4 kg). There is also evidence of significant reductions in risk for cardiovascular events with some of these agents, with a number of other trials underway...
July 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724134/association-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-with-survival-in-patients-with-and-without-improved-ejection-fraction-secondary-analysis-of-the-sudden-cardiac-death-in-heart-failure-trial
#11
Selcuk Adabag, Kristen K Patton, Alfred E Buxton, Thomas S Rector, Kristine E Ensrud, Kairav Vakil, Wayne C Levy, Jeanne E Poole
Importance: Improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) to >35% occurs in many patients with reduced EF at baseline. To our knowledge, whether implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy improves survival for these patients is unknown. Objective: To examine the efficacy of ICD therapy in reducing risk of all-cause mortality and sudden cardiac death among patients with an EF ≤35% at baseline, with or without an improvement in EF to >35% during follow-up...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724128/topical-corticosteroid-phobia-in-atopic-dermatitis-a-systematic-review
#12
Alvin W Li, Emily S Yin, Richard J Antaya
Importance: Topical corticosteroid (TCS) phobia refers to the negative feelings and beliefs related to TCSs experienced by patients and patients' caregivers. This phenomenon may be a major contributing factor in treatment failure in patients with atopic dermatitis, yet it has been sparsely described in the literature. Objective: To systematically assess the nomenclature, prevalence, origins, and effect on treatment adherence of TCS phobia in atopic dermatitis. Evidence Review: A literature search was conducted using specific eligibility criteria across electronic databases, including Ovid (MEDLINE, EMBASE), PubMed, and Web of Science, for articles published from January 1, 1946, to October 31, 2016...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724115/the-efficacy-of-a-gain-switched-311-nm-titanium-sapphire-laser-in-the-treatment-of-vitiligo-a-pilot-study-of-14-patients
#13
Jung Min Bae, Ji Hae Lee, Yu Seok Jung, Gyong Moon Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724088/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-assessment-of-aqueously-extractable-estrogens-in-poultry-manure-after-pilot-scale-composting
#14
Kirsten M Hammett, Elizabeth J Mullin, Diana S Aga, Gary K Felton, Daniel J Fisher, Lance T Yonkos
Poultry manure contains free and conjugated forms of the natural estrogens 17β-estradiol and estrone, which can be transported to receiving waters via runoff when land-applied. Previous studies have demonstrated estrogens in runoff from poultry manure-amended fields but have not tracked changes in estrogenicity within this water over time. Microbial conversion of conjugated estrogens (a major portion of water-extractable estrogens) to parent forms may result in temporary increases in estrogenicity in natural water bodies...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724034/phototherapy-with-puva-versatility-and-efficacy-in-dermatoses
#15
Tatiana Ferreira França, Alessandra Vieira Diniz, Ivanete Lopes da Silva, Rafaella Rêllo Pinto Coelho Carvalho, Vanessa Knauf Lopes, Virgínia Vinha Zanuncio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723966/activated-carbon-a-useful-medium-to-bind-chlordecone-in-soil-and-limit-its-transfer-to-growing-goat-kids
#16
Sarah Yehya, Matthieu Delannoy, Agnès Fournier, Moomen Baroudi, Guido Rychen, Cyril Feidt
Chlordecone (Kepone) (CLD) is a highly persistent pesticide which was extensively used in the French West Indies; high levels of CLD can still currently be found in large agricultural areas. As CLD transfers from soil to animals mainly via involuntary ingestion, the consumption of foodstuffs derived from animals raised in contaminated areas may significantly contribute to exposure of humans to CLD. The present study was designed to test the efficacy of two different activated carbons (ACs) sources in limiting CLD transfer from soil to animal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723954/association-between-urinary-biomarkers-of-total-sugars-intake-and-measures-of-obesity-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Rachel Campbell, Natasha Tasevska, Kim G Jackson, Virag Sagi-Kiss, Nick di Paolo, Jennifer S Mindell, Susan J Lister, Kay-Tee Khaw, Gunter G C Kuhnle
Obesity is an important modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases. While there is increasing focus on the role of dietary sugars, there remains a paucity of data establishing the association between sugar intake and obesity in the general public. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of estimated sugar intake with odds for obesity in a representative sample of English adults. We used data from 434 participants of the 2005 Health Survey of England. Biomarkers for total sugar intake were measured in 24 h urine samples and used to estimate intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723928/erbb-activation-signatures-as-potential-biomarkers-for-anti-erbb3-treatment-in-hnscc
#18
Diego Alvarado, Gwenda F Ligon, Jay S Lillquist, Scott B Seibel, Gerald Wallweber, Veronique M Neumeister, David L Rimm, Gerald McMahon, Theresa M LaVallee
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) accounts for 3-5% of all tumor types and remains an unmet medical need with only two targeted therapies approved to date. ErbB3 (HER3), the kinase-impaired member of the EGFR/ErbB family, has been implicated as a disease driver in a number of solid tumors, including a subset of HNSCC. Here we show that the molecular components required for ErbB3 activation, including its ligand neuregulin-1 (NRG1), are highly prevalent in HNSCC and that HER2, but not EGFR, is the major activating ErbB3 kinase partner...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723893/in-vivo-crispr-screening-identifies-ptpn2-as-a-cancer-immunotherapy-target
#19
Robert T Manguso, Hans W Pope, Margaret D Zimmer, Flavian D Brown, Kathleen B Yates, Brian C Miller, Natalie B Collins, Kevin Bi, Martin W LaFleur, Vikram R Juneja, Sarah A Weiss, Jennifer Lo, David E Fisher, Diana Miao, Eliezer Van Allen, David E Root, Arlene H Sharpe, John G Doench, W Nicholas Haining
Immunotherapy with PD-1 checkpoint blockade is effective in only a minority of patients with cancer, suggesting that additional treatment strategies are needed. Here we use a pooled in vivo genetic screening approach using CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing in transplantable tumours in mice treated with immunotherapy to discover previously undescribed immunotherapy targets. We tested 2,368 genes expressed by melanoma cells to identify those that synergize with or cause resistance to checkpoint blockade. We recovered the known immune evasion molecules PD-L1 and CD47, and confirmed that defects in interferon-γ signalling caused resistance to immunotherapy...
July 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723887/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-characterization-of-poractant-alfa-supplemented-with-budesonide-for-safe-and-effective-intratracheal-administration
#20
Francesca Ricci, Chiara Catozzi, Francesca Ravanetti, Xabier Murgia, Francesco D'Aló, Natalia Macchidani, Elisa Sgarbi, Valentina Di Lallo, Federica Saccani, Marisa Pertile, Antonio Cacchioli, Silvia Catinella, Gino Villetti, Maurizio Civelli, Francesco Amadei, Franco Stellari Fabio, Barbara Pioselli, Fabrizio Salomone
BACKGROUND: The intratracheal (IT) administration of budesonide using surfactant as a vehicle has been shown to reduce the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the in vitro characteristics and in vivo safety and efficacy of the extemporaneous combination of budesonide and poractant alfa. METHODS: The stability, minimum surface tension, and viscosity of the preparation were evaluated by means of HPLC, Wilhelmy balance, and Rheometer, respectively...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
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