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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550770/laparoscopic-versus-open-radical-nephrectomy-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Gang Liu, Yulei Ma, Shouhua Wang, Xiancheng Han, Dianjun Gao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to summarize and quantify the current evidence on the therapeutic efficacy of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) compared with open radical nephrectomy (ORN) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in a meta-analysis. METHODS: Data were collected by searching Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect for reports published up to September 26, 2016. Studies that reported data on comparisons of therapeutic efficacy of LRN and ORN were included...
May 24, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550769/mk-8776-a-novel-chk1-inhibitor-exhibits-an-improved-radiosensitizing-effect-compared-to-ucn-01-by-exacerbating-radiation-induced-aberrant-mitosis
#2
Motofumi Suzuki, Tohru Yamamori, Tomoki Bo, Yuri Sakai, Osamu Inanami
Checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) is an evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in G2/M checkpoint signaling. Here, we evaluate the radiosensitizing effects of a novel selective Chk1 inhibitor MK-8776, comparing its efficacy with a first-generation Chk1 inhibitor UCN-01, and attempt to elucidate the mechanism of radiosensitization. In a clonogenic survival assay, MK-8776 demonstrated a more pronounced radiosensitizing effect than UCN-01, with lower cytotoxicity. Importantly, radiosensitization by MK-8776 can be achieved at doses as low as 2...
May 24, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550753/catalase-loaded-cisplatin-prodrug-constructed-liposomes-to-overcome-tumor-hypoxia-for-enhanced-chemo-radiotherapy-of-cancer
#3
Rui Zhang, Xuejiao Song, Chao Liang, Xuan Yi, Guosheng Song, Yu Chao, Yu Yang, Kai Yang, Liangzhu Feng, Zhuang Liu
Aiming at improved therapeutic efficacies, the combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy (chemo-radiotherapy) has been widely studied and applied in clinic. However, the hostile characteristics of tumor microenvironment such as hypoxia often limit the efficacies in both types of cancer therapies. Herein, catalase (CAT), an antioxidant enzyme, is encapsulated inside liposomes constituted by cisplatin (IV)-prodrug-conjugated phospholipid, forming CAT@Pt (IV)-liposome for enhanced chemo-radiotherapy of cancer...
May 18, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550736/piperine-attenuates-uv-r-induced-cell-damage-in-human-keratinocytes-via-nf-kb-bax-bcl-2-pathway-an-application-for-photoprotection
#4
Ankit Verma, Hari N Kushwaha, Ajeet K Srivastava, Saumya Srivastava, Naseem Jamal, Kriti Srivastava, Ratan Singh Ray
Chronic ultraviolet radiation (UV-R) exposure causes skin disorders like erythema, edema, hyperpigmentation, photoaging and photocarcinogenesis. Recent research trends of researchers have focused more attention on the identification and use of photo stable natural agents with photoprotective properties. Piperine (PIP), as a plant alkaloid, is an important constituent present in black pepper (Piper nigrum), used widely in ayurvedic and other traditional medicines and has broad pharmacological properties. The study was planned to photoprotective efficacy of PIP in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cell line...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550735/clarithromycin-inhibits-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-muc5ac-mucin-gene-expression-via-the-mkp-1-p38mapk-dependent-pathway
#5
Said Ahmad Shah, Hajime Ishinaga, Kazuhiko Takeuchi
Clarithromycin is a 14-membered macrolide antibiotic. Low-dose, long-term macrolide therapy is effective in patients with chronic airway diseases, such as diffuse panbronchitis, chronic bronchitis, and chronic sinusitis. However, the mechanism underlying this clinical efficacy remains unclear. The dual specificity phosphatase MKP-1 (MAPK phosphatase-1), also called DUSP (dual specificity phosphatase-1), was initially identified as an in vitro ERK-specific phosphatase, but depending on the cell type, it can also dephosphorylate other members of the MAPK family, such as p38 and JNK, and thus suppress downstream signaling of these kinases...
May 24, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550716/ex-vivo-measurement-of-scalp-follicular-infundibulum-delivery-of-zinc-pyrithione-and-climbazole-from-an-anti-dandruff-shampoo
#6
Guoqiang Chen, Chengdong Ji, Miao Miao, Kang Yang, Yajun Luo, Michael Hoptroff, Luisa Z Collins, Hans-Gerd Janssen
Efficient delivery of anti-dandruff (AD) actives into the scalp follicular infundibulum as well as onto the scalp surface is critical for the efficacy of AD shampoos. A method involving scalp cyanoacrylate (CA) biopsy sampling, a tailor made cutting device, ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurement and Raman imaging has been developed for the measurement of delivery of zinc pyrithione (ZPT) and climbazole (CBZ) from an AD shampoo into the scalp follicular infundibulum...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550714/adherence-to-oral-cancer-therapy-in-older-adults-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology-siog-taskforce-recommendations
#7
REVIEW
Anna Rachelle Mislang, Tanya M Wildes, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Capucine Baldini, Holly M Holmes, Ginah Nightingale, Annemarie Coolbrandt, Laura Biganzoli
There is an increasing trend towards using oral systemic therapy in patients with cancer. Compared to parenteral therapy, oral cancer agents offer convenience, have similar efficacy, and are preferred by patients, consequently making its use appealing in older adults. However, adherence is required to ensure its efficacy and to avoid compromising treatment outcomes, especially when the treatment goal is curative, or in case of symptomatic/rapidly progressing disease, where dose-intensity is important. This opens a new challenge for clinicians, as optimizing patient adherence is challenging, particularly due to lack of consensus and scarcity of available clinical evidence...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550713/state-of-the-art-on-oocyte-cryopreservation-in-female-cancer-patients-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Claudia Massarotti, Paola Scaruffi, Matteo Lambertini, Valentino Remorgida, Lucia Del Mastro, Paola Anserini
During the last decades, important advances in therapeutic options have led to increased survival rates in cancer patients; however, cancer treatments are associated with several potential adverse effects including infertility in those diagnosed during their reproductive years. A proper discussion about fertility preservation options before the use of therapies with potential gonadotoxicity (i.e. oncofertility counseling) is standard of care and should be offered to all patients of childbearing age. Temporary ovarian suppression with LH-RH analogs, oocyte and embryo cryopreservation are standard strategies for fertility preservation in female cancer patients...
May 9, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550712/combined-immune-checkpoint-blockade-anti-pd-1-anti-ctla-4-evaluation-and-management-of-adverse-drug-reactions
#9
REVIEW
Jessica C Hassel, Lucie Heinzerling, Jens Aberle, Oliver Bähr, Thomas K Eigentler, Marc-Oliver Grimm, Victor Grünwald, Jan Leipe, Niels Reinmuth, Julia K Tietze, Jörg Trojan, Lisa Zimmer, Ralf Gutzmer
Combined immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) provides unprecedented efficacy gains in numerous cancer indications, with PD-1 inhibitor nivolumab plus CTLA-4 inhibitor ipilimumab in advanced melanoma as first-ever approved therapies for combined ICB. However, gains in efficacy must be balanced against a higher frequency and severity of adverse drug reactions (ADR). Because delays in diagnosis and management might result in symptom worsening and further complications, clinicians shall be well trained to identify ADR promptly and monitor patients adequately...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550701/patient-centred-care-in-canada-key-components-and-the-path-forward
#10
Terrence Montague, Amédé Gogovor, John Aylen, Lisa Ashley, Sara Ahmed, Lesli Martin, Bonnie Cochrane, Owen Adams, Joanna Nemis-White
Canadians' health and its care continue to evolve. Chronic diseases affect more than 50% of our aging population, but the majority of public and professional stakeholders retain a sense of care quality. An emergent issue, however, is generating an increasingly wide debate. It is the concept of patient-centred care, including its definition of key components, and efficacy. To advance the evidence base, the 2013-2014 and 2016 Health Care in Canada (HCIC) surveys measured pan-stakeholder levels of support and implementation priorities for frequently proposed components of patient centricity in healthcare...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550662/-effects-of-simvastatin-on-the-proliferation-invasion-and-radiosensitivity-in-lewis-lung-cancer-cell-line
#11
S F Yu, J Cheng, S Geng, S Gao
Objective: To investigate the effects of simvastatin on proliferation, invasion and radiosensitivity of mouse Lewis lung cancer cell line in vitro. Methods: The inhibitory effects of simvastatin on proliferation of Lewis lung cancer cells were detected by MTT assay. Matrigel invasion and migration assay was used to determine the invasion and motility ability of the Lewis cells. P38 activity was measured by p38 activity detection kit, and the expressions of p-p38, MKP-1, RhoA and MMP-2 were analyzed by Western blot...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550660/achieving-smoking-cessation-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-special-considerations
#12
REVIEW
Corinne Cather, Gladys N Pachas, Kristina M Cieslak, A Eden Evins
Premature mortality due to cardiovascular disease in those with schizophrenia is the largest lifespan disparity in the US and is growing; adults in the US with schizophrenia die, on average, 28 years earlier than those in the general population. The rate of smoking prevalence among individuals with schizophrenia is estimated to be from 64 to 79%. Smokers with schizophrenia have historically been excluded from most large nicotine-dependence treatment studies. However, converging evidence indicates that a majority of smokers with schizophrenia want to quit smoking, and that available pharmacotherapeutic smoking cessation aids are well tolerated by this population of smokers and are effective when combined with behavioral treatment...
May 26, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550638/erratum-to-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-sorafenib-on-overall-survival-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-using-ft-rate-a-devised-index
#13
Takamasa Ohki, Mayuko Kondo, Yuki Karasawa, Satoshi Kawamura, Shuuya Maeshima, Kentaro Kojima, Michiharu Seki, Nobuo Toda, Yoshinobu Shioda, Kazumi Tagawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550592/certolizumab-pegol-for-treating-rheumatoid-arthritis-following-inadequate-response-to-a-tnf-%C3%AE-inhibitor-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#14
REVIEW
Iñigo Bermejo, Matt Stevenson, Rachel Archer, John W Stevens, Edward Goka, Mark Clowes, David L Scott, Adam Young
As part of its single technology appraisal (STA) process, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer (UCB Pharma) of certolizumab pegol (CZP; Cimzia(®)) to submit evidence of its clinical and cost effectiveness for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) following inadequate response to a tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi). The School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group at the University of Sheffield was commissioned to act as the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG)...
May 26, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550589/carbon-dioxide-co2-angiography-as-an-option-for-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-evar-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd
#15
Chiara De Angelis, Francesco Sardanelli, Matteo Perego, Marco Alì, Francesco Casilli, Luigi Inglese, Giovanni Mauri
To assess feasibility, efficacy and safety of carbon dioxide (CO2) digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to guide endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in a cohort of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). After Ethical Committee approval, the records of 13 patients (all male, mean age 74.6 ± 8.0 years) with CKD, who underwent EVAR to exclude an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) under CO2 angiography guidance, were reviewed. The AAA to be excluded had a mean diameter of 52.0 ± 8.0 mm. CO2 angiography was performed by automatic (n = 7) or hand (n = 6) injection...
May 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550482/efficacy-of-rasagiline-and-selegiline-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-head-to-head-3-year-retrospective-case-control-study
#16
Emanuele Cereda, Roberto Cilia, Margherita Canesi, Silvana Tesei, Claudio Bruno Mariani, Anna Lena Zecchinelli, Gianni Pezzoli
Monoamine oxidase type B (MAO-B) inhibitors, such as selegiline and rasagiline, can be used as monotherapy or adjuvant therapy to levodopa in Parkinson's disease (PD). Data on long-term efficacy of MAO-B inhibitors are limited with no head-to-head comparison available to date. The aim of this case-control retrospective study was to analyze data from patients with PD attending the Parkinson Institute (Milan, Italy) over a 6-year period (2009-2015) and compare the effects of selegiline and rasagiline on levodopa treatment outcomes...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550481/antiplatelet-pretreatment-and-outcomes-in-intravenous-thrombolysis-for-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Georgios Tsivgoulis, Aristeidis H Katsanos, Ramin Zand, Vijay K Sharma, Martin Köhrmann, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Efthymios Dardiotis, Anne W Alexandrov, Panayiotis D Mitsias, Peter D Schellinger, Andrei V Alexandrov
Since there are contradictory data regarding the association of antiplatelet pretreatment (AP) with safety and efficacy outcomes of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS), we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of available randomized-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) to investigate the association of AP with outcomes of AIS patients treated with intravenous alteplase. The outcome events of interest included symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), fatal ICH, complete recanalization (CR), 3-month favorable functional outcome (FFO, mRS score 0-1), 3-month functional independence (FI, mRS score 0-2), and mortality...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550457/treatment-of-juvenile-dermatomyositis-an-update
#18
REVIEW
Charalampia Papadopoulou, Lucy R Wedderburn
The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies of childhood consist of a heterogeneous group of autoimmune diseases characterised by proximal muscle weakness and pathognomonic skin rashes. The overall prognosis of juvenile myositis has improved significantly over recent years, but the long-term outcome differs substantially from patient to patient, suggestive of distinct clinical phenotypes with variable responses to treatment. High doses of corticosteroids remain the cornerstone of therapy along with other immunosuppressant therapies depending on disease severity and response...
May 26, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550447/trends-in-surgical-research-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Genrich Tolstonog, Christian Simon
The task of surgical research is to improve the efficacy of available surgical therapeutic modalities, develop new ones, and balance this well with favorable functional outcome. Therefore, surgical research is composed of a translational and a clinical component. In translational surgical research, animal models are used to better understand the biology of head and neck cancers, but even more importantly, the biology of changes to the disease and the microenvironment created by surgical interventions. Animal models additionally allow for the development of image-guided surgery systems, novel strategies of intraoperative adjuvant treatment, and patient "avatars" to test innovative anticancer drug combinations...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550434/flagellin-fljb-as-an-adjuvant-to-the-recombinant-adenovirus-rabies-glycoprotein-vaccine-increases-immune-responses-against-rabies-in-mice
#20
Xingxing Xiao, Yun Zhang, Qiaolin Wei, Xiangping Yin
Rabies virus (RABV) causes an acute progressive viral encephalitis. Although currently licensed vaccines have an excellent safety and efficacy record, the development of a safer and more cost-effective vaccine is still being sought. An E1-deleted, replication-defective human adenovirus type 5 (HAd5) vector expressing RABV glycoprotein (HAd5-G) is thought to be a promising candidate vaccine for immune prophylaxis against rabies. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) flagellin is a well-known immune adjuvant...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Virology
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