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Water birth

Lucy Lewis, Yvonne L Hauck, Janice Butt, Chloe Western, Helen Overing, Corrinne Poletti, Jessica Priest, Dawn Hudd, Brooke Thomson
BACKGROUND: There is limited research examining midwives' education, knowledge and practice around immersion in water for labour or birth. Our aim was to address this gap in evidence and build knowledge around this important topic. METHODS: This mixed method study was performed in two phases, between August and December 2016, in the birth centre of a tertiary public maternity hospital in Western Australia. Phase one utilised a cross sectional design to examine perceptions of education, knowledge and practice around immersion in water for labour or birth through a questionnaire...
June 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fang Fang, Yu Bai, Yu Zhang, Andrew Faramand
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the using oil-soluble contrast material (OSCM) vs. water-soluble contrast material (WSCM) for hysterosalpingography on pregnancy rates in infertile women. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Infertile women. INTERVENTION(S): We included randomized controlled trials comparing pregnancy outcomes in women with infertility undergoing hysterosalpingography using OSCM and WSCM...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Anthony Lathrop, Carrie F Bonsack, David M Haas
BACKGROUND: Water birth has become an increasingly popular childbirth option, but has also come under scrutiny because of its possible risks and benefits. The primary objective of this study was to explore potential benefits of water birth by comparing the experiences of women who gave birth in water versus conventionally. We also compared maternal and newborn outcomes. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 66 women who had water births and 132 who had conventional births...
June 13, 2018: Birth
Manoja Kumar Das, Chetna Chaudhary, Sadhu Charan Mohapatra, Vinod Kumar Srivastava, Najam Khalique, Santosh Kumar Kaushal, Rajesh Khanna, Surojit Chatterji
Background: Neonatal death remains a global challenge contributing to 45% of underfive deaths. With rising institutional delivery, to accelerate decline in neonatal mortality rate (NMR) improvement in the quality of perinatal care requires attention. Objectives: This implementation research targeted improving service delivery readiness for quality of newborn care at public health facilities in three districts of Uttar Pradesh, India, with high NMR. Materials and Methods: This before-after study assessed the facility readiness and quality of newborn services at 42 health facilities...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Jep Lokesh, Viswanath Kiron, Detmer Sipkema, Jorge M O Fernandes, Truls Moum
Host-associated microbiota undergoes a continuous transition, from the birth to adulthood of the host. These developmental stage-related transitions could lead to specific microbial signatures that could impact the host biological processes. In this study, the succession of early-life and intestinal bacterial communities of Atlantic salmon (starting from embryonic stages to 80-week post hatch; wph) was studied using amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA. Stage-specific bacterial community compositions and the progressive transitions of the communities were evident in both the early life and the intestine...
June 13, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
Mina Riahi, Ali Akbar Mohammadi, Vahid Kazemi Moghadam, Zahra Sadat Robati, Mohammad Bidkhori
The present study investigated the effect of human development index (HDI) on diarrheal deaths per 1000 live births in children under 5 years old in 2015. In addition, the association between HDI, and the use of improved drinking-water sources and sanitation facilities were evaluated in this year. 75 countries that their information was available in Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) were included in this study. The data required was obtained from WHO and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) websites...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Pasquale De Palo, Aristide Maggiolino, Marzia Albenzio, Elisabetta Casalino, Gianluca Neglia, Gerardo Centoducati, Alessandra Tateo
Dairy donkey milking procedures require separating foals from their dams for a few hours a day. Artificial suckling in this species is a good technique for improving milk production and foal welfare. The aim of the work is to compare the effect of two different diets on donkey foals when separated from jennies for milking procedures with and without a milk replacer. Forty newborn Martina Franca donkey foals were subdivided into two experimental groups. Both groups were separated from their respective dams from 8...
2018: PloS One
Sarah L Walton, Marc Q Mazzuca, Marianne Tare, Helena C Parkington, Mary E Wlodek, Karen M Moritz, Linda A Gallo
Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system in early postnatal life is a potential therapeutic approach to prevent long-term cardiovascular and kidney diseases in individuals born small. We determined the long-term effects of juvenile losartan treatment on cardiovascular and kidney function in control male rat offspring and those exposed to uteroplacental insufficiency and born small. Bilateral uterine vessel ligation (Restricted) or sham (Control) surgery was performed in late gestation in Wistar Kyoto rats...
June 2, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
A John Spencer, Loc G Do, Diep H Ha
BACKGROUND: Water fluoridation's effectiveness has been reaffirmed by systematic reviews. However, most of the included nonrandomised controlled before and after studies were conducted pre-1975. Opportunity for such studies is limited in a steady state of community fluoridation programmes. As an alternative for evidence to support or refute the effectiveness of water fluoridation, this study used data from a recent national child oral health study to examine associations between lifetime exposure to fluoridated water (%LEFW) and childhood caries...
June 5, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Jacqueline Wallace
The world is becoming increasingly urban. For the first time in history, more than 50% of human beings live in cities (United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, ed. (2015)). Rapid urbanization is often chaotic and unstructured, leading to the formation of informal settlements or slums. Informal settlements are frequently located in environmentally hazardous areas and typically lack adequate sanitation and clean water, leading to poor health outcomes for residents. In these difficult circumstances women and children fair the worst, and reproductive outcomes for women living in informal settlements are grim...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
M T Haag, K D Wells, W R Lamberson
In standard laboratory conditions, inbred mouse strains with normal kidney function show a four-fold range of daily water consumption.  This study uses two strains of inbred mice identified as high and low consumers, their reciprocal F1 crosses, and inter se bred F2s.  Daily consumption data were collected on 607 animals for four ds during the 4th, 5th, and 6th wks using custom water bottles.  Animals were weighed at the beginning of the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th wks.  Consumption data were corrected for metabolic body weight (Bwt0...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
C Gerbert, D Frieten, C Koch, G Dusel, K Eder, T Stefaniak, J Bajzert, P Jawor, A Tuchscherer, H M Hammon
Animal welfare in dairy calf husbandry depends on calf rearing and is probably improved by intensive milk feeding programs. In addition, butyrate supplementation in milk replacer (MR) stimulates postnatal growth and may affect the immune system in calves. We have investigated the combined effects of ad libitum MR feeding and butyrate supplementation on feeding behavior, health, and the immune responses in calves. Holstein calves (n = 64) were examined from birth until wk 11 of age. Calves received MR either ad libitum (Adl) or restrictively (Res) with (AdlB+, ResB+) or without (AdlB-, ResB-) 0...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Klaudia Modlinska, Rafał Stryjek, Anna Chrzanowska, Wojciech Pisula
Stress associated with social isolation in early life can lead to disturbances in the emotional regulation in adult rats. However, there are no reports on the impact of isolation from the mother while providing contact with peers. Under such conditions, young individuals have the opportunity to interact with others, are able to develop social behaviour, etc. Yet, there is no stimulation and care provided by the mother. We examined the relative impact of maternal contact and sibling contact in the rarely studied pre-juvenile (3rd and 4th week post birth) period on subsequent development...
May 16, 2018: Behavioural Processes
X-S Wang, H Huang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the reversion of the excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists against the impairment of learning-memory and the hyperphosphorylation of protein Tau induced by fetal intrauterine distress in neonatal rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis of variance of factorial design set up two intervention factors, fetal intrauterine distress (two levels: no fetal intrauterine distress and a course of fetal intrauterine distress) and the excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists (three levels: Saline; NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801; astragalosides)...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Ty Beal, Alison Tumilowicz, Aang Sutrisna, Doddy Izwardy, Lynnette M Neufeld
Child stunting reduction is the first of 6 goals in the Global Nutrition Targets for 2025 and a key indicator in the second Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger. The prevalence of child stunting in Indonesia has remained high over the past decade, and at the national level is approximately 37%. It is unclear whether current approaches to reduce child stunting align with the scientific evidence in Indonesia. We use the World Health Organization conceptual framework on child stunting to review the available literature and identify what has been studied and can be concluded about the determinants of child stunting in Indonesia and where data gaps remain...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Elizabeth R Cluett, Ethel Burns, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Water immersion during labour and birth is increasingly popular and is becoming widely accepted across many countries, and particularly in midwifery-led care settings. However, there are concerns around neonatal water inhalation, increased requirement for admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal and/or neonatal infection, and obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). This is an update of a review last published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of water immersion during labour and/or birth (first, second and third stage of labour) on women and their infants...
May 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
J K van Niekerk, M Middeldorp, M A Steele
The objectives of this study were to develop a methodology for biopsying the rumen and colon of young dairy calves and to collect suitable quality tissue samples for microscopic and gene expression analysis. Six Holstein dairy bull calves (45.0 ± 1.5 kg birth weight) were ruminally cannulated during the second week of life and weaned at the end of wk 6. Ruminal and colon tissue samples were collected at the end of wk 5, 6, 7, 8, and 12. Calves were not sedated but were restrained in a chute for sampling. The endoscope (100 cm length, 9...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Sandra W Jacobson, R Colin Carter, Christopher D Molteno, Mark E Stanton, Jane Herbert, Nadine M Lindinger, Catherine E Lewis, Neil C Dodge, H Eugene Hoyme, Steven H Zeisel, Ernesta M Meintjes, Christopher P Duggan, Joseph L Jacobson
BACKGROUND: We recently demonstrated the acceptability and feasibility of a randomized, double-blind choline supplementation intervention for heavy drinking women during pregnancy. In this paper, we report our results relating to the efficacy of this intervention in mitigating adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on infant growth and cognitive function. METHODS: 69 Cape Coloured (mixed ancestry) heavy drinkers in Cape Town, South Africa, recruited in mid-pregnancy, were randomly assigned to receive a daily oral dose of either 2 g of choline or placebo from time of enrollment until delivery...
May 11, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Jasper Most, Kara Lynn Marlatt, Abby Duhé Altazan, Leanne Maree Redman
The prevalence of excess gestational weight gain is increasing worldwide and is associated with pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes mellitus, pre-eclampsia, preterm birth, macrosomia, and development of obesity in offspring. Whereas gestational weight gain positively correlates with the gain in fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM) gain is relatively consistent across pregnancies. Commonly used methods to assess body composition include anthropometry, densitometry (air displacement plethysmography, underwater weighing), and hydrometry (isotope dilution, bioimpedance analysis)...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ida E J Aasebø, Ameya Sanjay Kasture, Marzia Passeggeri, Ayumu Tashiro
It has been suggested that the dentate gyrus, particularly its new neurons generated via adult neurogenesis, is involved in memory acquisition and recall. Here, we trained rats in two types of Morris water maze tasks that are differentially associated with these two memory processes, and examined whether new neurons are differently affected by the two tasks performed during the second week of neuronal birth. Our results indicate that the task involving more opportunities to acquire new information better supports the survival of new neurons...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
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