keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Water birth

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676801/prolonged-prenatal-hypoxia-selectively-disrupts-collecting-duct-patterning-and-postnatal-function-in-male-mouse-offspring
#1
Sarah L Walton, Reetu R Singh, Melissa H Little, Josephine Bowles, Joan Li, Karen M Moritz
KEY POINTS SUMMARY: In this study we investigated whether hypoxia during late pregnancy impairs kidney development in mouse offspring, and also whether this has long-lasting consequences affecting kidney function in adulthood. Hypoxia disrupted growth of the kidney, particularly the collecting duct network, in juvenile male offspring. By mid-late adulthood, these mice developed early signs of kidney disease, notably a compromised response to water deprivation. Female offspring showed no obvious signs of impaired kidney development and did not develop kidney disease, suggesting a underlying protection mechanism from the hypoxia insult...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676634/impact-of-seasonal-winter-air-pollution-on-health-across-the-lifespan-in-mongolia-and-some-putative-solutions
#2
David Warburton, Nicole Warburton, Clarence Wigfall, Ochir Chimedsuren, Delgerzul Lodoisamba, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Badarch Jargalsaikhan
Environmental pollution of the air, water, and soil comprise an increasingly urgent challenge to global health, well-being, and productivity. The impact of environmental pollution arguably has its greatest impact across the lifespan on children, women of childbearing age, and pregnant women and their unborn children, not only because of their vulnerability during development, but also because of their subsequent longevity. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is a highly instructive, perhaps extreme, example of what happens with recent, rapid urbanization...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671895/visitor-effects-on-a-zoo-population-of-california-sea-lions-zalophus-californianus-and-harbor-seals-phoca-vitulina
#3
Amber J de Vere
The effects of visitor presence on zoo and aquarium animals have become increasingly well studied, using measures such as behavioral responses and exhibit usage. Many taxa remain underrepresented in this literature; this is the case for marine mammals, despite widespread public concern for their welfare in managed care settings. The current study therefore used behavioral activity budgets and exhibit usage to assess the responses of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) to visitors at the Seal Cove exhibit at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom, Vallejo CA...
April 19, 2018: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607448/silicone-wristbands-compared-with-traditional-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-exposure-assessment-methods
#4
Holly M Dixon, Richard P Scott, Darrell Holmes, Lehyla Calero, Laurel D Kincl, Katrina M Waters, David E Camann, Antonia M Calafat, Julie B Herbstman, Kim A Anderson
Currently there is a lack of inexpensive, easy-to-use technology to evaluate human exposure to environmental chemicals, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). This is the first study in which silicone wristbands were deployed alongside two traditional personal PAH exposure assessment methods: active air monitoring with samplers (i.e., polyurethane foam (PUF) and filter) housed in backpacks, and biological sampling with urine. We demonstrate that wristbands worn for 48 h in a non-occupational setting recover semivolatile PAHs, and we compare levels of PAHs in wristbands to PAHs in PUFs-filters and to hydroxy-PAH (OH-PAH) biomarkers in urine...
April 2, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596925/association-of-pesticide-exposure-with-human-congenital-abnormalities
#5
REVIEW
Charikleia Kalliora, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Eleni Vasilopoulos, George A Stamatiades, Lydia Kalafati, Roza Barouni, Triantafyllia Karakousi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Aristidis Tsatsakis
Human pesticide exposure can occur both occupationally and environmentally during manufacture and after the application of indoor and outdoor pesticides, as well as through consumption via residues in food and water. There is evidence from experimental studies that numerous pesticides, either in isolation or in combination, act as endocrine disruptors, neurodevelopmental toxicants, immunotoxicants, and carcinogens. We reviewed the international literature on this subject for the years between 1990 and 2017...
March 26, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596733/skin-barrier-in-the-neonate
#6
Alain Taïeb
The purpose of this review is to focus on determinants of skin barrier function in neonates at molecular and cellular levels. The skin barrier is critical in terms of water and gas exchanges during fetal life and undergoes rapid changes at birth, followed by a progressive maturation. Consequences of skin barrier disruption can be extremely detrimental or lethal, as shown in severe genetic epidermal defects. In this context, the fine-tuned rapid adaptation from a liquid to a gaseous milieu is not fully understood...
March 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583066/naturally-occurring-hair-growth-peptide-water-soluble-chicken-egg-yolk-peptides-stimulate-hair-growth-through-induction-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-production
#7
Toshio Nakamura, Haruo Yamamura, Kyungho Park, Caroline Pereira, Yoshikazu Uchida, Noriko Horie, Mujo Kim, Satoshi Itami
Alopecia is divided into two categories: androgenic alopecia and nonandrogenic alopecia. An androgen-dependent abnormality of biological functions causes alopecia in males, but the role of androgens is not yet elucidated in female pattern hair loss (FPHL). Modulation of androgenic activity is not effective in certain kinds of androgenic alopecia in females, as well as in cases of nonandrogenic alopecia in males and females. The hair growth drug, minoxidil, stimulates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production as well as vascularization and hair growth in females...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577252/a-survey-of-northern-victorian-dairy-farmers-to-investigate-dairy-calf-management-calf-rearing-practices
#8
A J Phipps, D S Beggs, A J Murray, P D Mansell, M F Pyman
OBJECTIVES: To describe the calf-rearing practices carried out in northern Victorian dairy herds and to identify weaknesses that may affect calf health and welfare by comparing the results with current industry recommendations. METHODS: Survey of dairy farms from Rochester and the surrounding farming area. RESULTS: The response rate was 39% (58/150). Many dairy producers were not meeting the current industry recommendations in the following areas: (1) delayed access to pellets and roughage, (2) failing to provide access to water from birth, (3) delayed disbudding of calves, (4) delayed timing of booster vaccinations, (5) weaning based on age alone, (6) failing to isolate sick calves and (7) early sale age of excess calves...
April 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574671/impact-of-prenatal-and-postnatal-treatment-of-sodium-fluoride-and-aluminum-chloride-on-some-hormonal-and-sensorimotor-aspects-in-rats
#9
Amal A Kinawy, Ahoud A Al-Eidan
In most communities, there is a constant exposure to environmental pollutants with probable negative impact on the development of the nervous system. Among these pollutants are the sodium fluoride (NaF) and aluminum chloride (AlCl3 ) which may represent a real threat to the proper functioning of the brain. This study comprises two fundamentally different strategies; in the first one, pregnant rats were administered a daily dose of NaF (0.15 g /L) or AlCl3 (500 mg/L) in the drinking water either separately or in combination with each other from day 6 of gestation until just after weaning...
March 24, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568707/games-between-stakeholders-and-the-payment-for-ecological-services-evidence-from-the-wuxijiang-river-reservoir-area-in-china
#10
Lin Shu
A gambling or "game" phenomenon can be observed in the complex relationship between sources and receptors of ecological compensation among multiple stakeholders. This paper investigates the problem of gambling to determine payment amounts, and details a method to estimate the ecological compensation amount related to water resources in the Wuxijiang River reservoir area in China. Public statistics and first-hand data obtained from a field investigation were used as data sources. Estimation of the source and receptor amount of ecological compensation relevant to the water resource being investigated was achieved using the contingent valuation method (CVM)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562206/semipermeable-membranes-and-hypernatremic-dehydration-in-preterms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Valentina Cardiello, Enrico Zecca, Mirta Corsello, Teresa Pianini, Francesca Serrao, Simonetta Costa, Francesco Cota
BACKGROUND: Hypernatremic dehydration is a complication of preterm infants with reportedly high morbility. In preterm infants, this happens due to a combination of low fluid intake, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and immaturity of kidney function. Semipermeable membranes are self-adhesive membranes that can be applied as an artificial skin to reduce TEWL. AIMS: To test the hypothesis that early application of a semipermeable membrane (Tegaderm™) in preterm infants ≤30 weeks could result in a significant reduction of hypernatremia (serum Na > 145 mEq/l) during the first 15 days of life...
March 18, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543884/listening-to-the-community-using-formative-research-to-strengthen-maternity-waiting-homes-in-zambia
#12
Nancy A Scott, Taryn Vian, Jeanette L Kaiser, Thandiwe Ngoma, Kaluba Mataka, Elizabeth G Henry, Godfrey Biemba, Mary Nambao, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: The WHO recommends maternity waiting homes (MWH) as one intervention to improve maternal and newborn health. However, persistent structural, cultural and financial barriers in their design and implementation have resulted in mixed success in both their uptake and utilization. Guidance is needed on how to design a MWH intervention that is acceptable and sustainable. Using formative research and guided by a sustainability framework for health programs, we systematically collected data from key stakeholders and potential users in order to design a MWH intervention in Zambia that could overcome multi-dimensional barriers to accessing facility delivery, be acceptable to the community and be financially and operationally sustainable...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529859/the-effects-of-water-pipe-smoking-on-birthweight-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-%C3%A2-study-in-the-south-of-iran
#13
Shahrzad Nematollahi, MohammadAli Mansournia, Abbas Rahimi-Foroushani, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Azin Alavi, Mohammad Shekari, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni
Objectives: Consecutive community health assessments revealed that water pipe smoking in ‎women as well as child impaired growth are amongst the main health concerns of the ‎suburban communities in south of Iran. The aim of the present study was to identify the ‎effects of water pipe smoking during pregnancy on birthweight of the infant.‎. Methods: The data of a population-based prospective cohort study in 714 singleton live ‎pregnancies in the suburbs of Bandar Abbas, south of Iran in 2016-2018 were used in this ‎study...
March 13, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527340/determinants-of-neonatal-infant-and-under-five-mortality-in-a-war-affected-country-analysis-of-the-2010-household-health-survey-in-south-sudan
#14
Ngatho Samuel Mugo, Kingsley E Agho, Anthony B Zwi, Eliaba Yona Damundu, Michael J Dibley
Background: Under-five children born in a fragile and war-affected setting of South Sudan are faced with a high risk of death as reflecting in high under-five mortality. In South Sudan health inequities and inequitable condition of daily living play a significant role in childhood mortality. This study examines factors associated with under-five mortality in South Sudan. Methods: The study population includes 8125 singleton, live birth, under-five children born in South Sudan within 5 years prior to the 2010 South Sudan Household Survey...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519238/glyphosate-exposure-in-pregnancy-and-shortened-gestational-length-a-prospective-indiana-birth-cohort-study
#15
S Parvez, R R Gerona, C Proctor, M Friesen, J L Ashby, J L Reiter, Z Lui, P D Winchester
BACKGROUND: Glyphosate (GLY) is the most heavily used herbicide worldwide but the extent of exposure in human pregnancy remains unknown. Its residues are found in the environment, major crops, and food items that humans, including pregnant women, consume daily. Since GLY exposure in pregnancy may also increase fetal exposure risk, we designed a birth-cohort study to determine exposure frequency, potential exposure pathways, and associations with fetal growth indicators and pregnancy length...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501570/exposure-to-mephedrone-during-gestation-increases-the-risk-of-stillbirth-and-induces-hippocampal-neurotoxicity-in-mice-offspring
#16
Gholamreza Naseri, Alireza Fazel, Mohammad Jafar Golalipour, Hossein Haghir, Hamid Sadeghian, Majid Mojarrad, Mahmoud Hosseini, Shokouh Shahrokhi Sabzevar, Farimah Beheshti, Ahmad Ghorbani
In recent years, abuse of synthetic cathinones, in particular, mephedrone, has increased among young adults worldwide. The study aim is to investigate the effects of mephedrone exposure during the gestational period on mice offspring outcomes, focusing on hippocampal neurotoxicity. The pregnant mice received mephedrone (50 mg/kg, sc) on a regular schedule (once daily on all days, from day 5 to 18 of gestation) or repeated schedule (thrice daily on day 5, 6, 11, 12, 17, and 18 of gestation) to simulate regular or recreational use of mephedrone, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495148/-effects-of-fluoride-exposure-on-thyroid-hormone-level-and-intelligence-in-rats
#17
Y S Cui, Q Zhong, W F Li, Z H Liu, Y Wang, C C Hou
Objective: To investigate the effects of fluoride exposure on the thyroid hormone level and intelligence in rats and to investigate the biomarkers of intellectual impairment induced by high fluoride exposure. Methods: A total of 24 clean healthy Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group (tap water containing 0.344 mg/L fluoride) and low-, medium-, and high-fluoride exposure groups (tap waters containing 10, 50, and 100 mg/L sodium fluoride, respectively). One male rat was cohabited with two female rats in the same group...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480734/the-persian-cohort-providing-the-evidence-needed-for-healthcare-reform
#18
Sareh Eghtesad, Zahra Mohammadi, Amaneh Shayanrad, Elnaz Faramarzi, Farahnaz Joukar, Behrooz Hamzeh, Mojtaba Farjam, Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi, Mohammadreza Miri-Monjar, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Hamid Hakimi, Salar Rahimi Kazerooni, Bahman Cheraghian, Ali Ahmadi, Azim Nejatizadeh, Iraj Mohebbi, Farhad Pourfarzi, Farzin Roozafzai, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Seyed Ali Montazeri, Sahar Masoudi, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Navid Danaie, Seyed Reza Mirhafez, Hasan Hashemi, Hossein Poustchi, Reza Malekzadeh
In the past, communicable diseases caused the highest mortality in Iran. Improvements in socioeconomic status and living standards including access to safe drinking water, along with the inception of Health Houses in the 1980s, have changed disease patterns, decreasing the spread of and deaths from infectious and communicable diseases. The incidence and prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCD), however, have now increased in Iran, accounting for nearly 80% of deaths and disabilities. Without interventions, NCD are predicted to impose a substantial human and economic burden in the next 2 decades...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478202/activation-of-aqp2-water-channels-without-vasopressin-therapeutic-strategies-for-congenital-nephrogenic-diabetes-insipidus
#19
REVIEW
Fumiaki Ando, Shinichi Uchida
Congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is characterized by defective urine concentrating ability. Symptomatic polyuria is present from birth, even with normal release of the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin by the pituitary. Over the last two decades, the aquaporin-2 (AQP2) gene has been cloned and the molecular mechanisms of urine concentration have been gradually elucidated. Vasopressin binds to the vasopressin type II receptor (V2R) in the renal collecting ducts and then activates AQP2 phosphorylation and trafficking to increase water reabsorption from urine...
February 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472987/adult-female-with-symptomatic-avpr2-related-nephrogenic-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuresis-nsiad
#20
Jennifer Hague, Ruth Casey, Jonathan Bruty, Tom Legerton, Stephen Abbs, Susan Oddy, Andrew S Powlson, Mohamed Majeed, Mark Gurnell, Soo-Mi Park, Helen Simpson
Activating mutations in AVPR2 are associated with nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD). NSIAD causes hyponatremia, decreased serum osmolality and clinical symptoms, which may present from birth or in infancy and include hypotonia, irritability, vomiting and/or seizures. Symptoms in later life are often less specific and include malaise, dizziness, confusion, tiredness and headache. NSIAD is a rare X-linked condition, which is associated with a variable phenotype in males, of whom some present in infancy but others do not become symptomatic until adulthood, or occasionally, never...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
keyword
keyword
2130
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"