keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

phonology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775094/developmental-dyslexia-and-specific-language-impairment-distinct-syntactic-profiles
#1
Hélène Delage, Stephanie Durrleman
Recent work exploring syntax in developmental dyslexia (DD) has identified morphosyntactic deficits, striking parallelisms between children with DD and specific language impairment (SLI). The question remains open if the underlying causes for such deficits are related to difficulties in phonology, which is affected in DD, or to working memory, as has been previously reported for SLI. We focus on the production of third person accusative clitic pronouns (ACC3) and of homophonous definite determiners in French-speaking children with DD and SLI as well as typically developing (TD) controls...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773920/effects-of-emergent-literacy-interventions-for-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Roxanne F Hudson, Elizabeth A Sanders, Rosanne Greenway, Sharon Xie, Maya Smith, Colin Gasamis, Jay Martini, Ilene Schwartz, Jacob Hackett
Combining data from a series of three planned, consecutive independent randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the present study investigates two literacy interventions for preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). For the first cohort, children were randomized to interactive book reading treatment (IBR)or a business-as-usual (BAU) control condition; in Cohort 2, children were randomized to phonological awareness treatment (PA)or BAU; in Cohort 3, children were randomized to IBR or PA. Both treatments were implemented weekly in the classroom from November to May...
October 2017: Exceptional Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772935/the-effects-of-literacy-interventions-on-single-word-reading-for-individuals-who-use-aided-aac-a-systematic-review
#3
Kelsey Mandak, Janice Light, Susannah Boyle
The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of instruction on single-word reading of individuals who use aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). A systematic search identified nine single-case experimental design studies that involved 24 individuals who used aided AAC. Overall, the evidence indicated that instruction had positive effects on reading at the single-word level for individuals across ages and diagnostic categories (i.e., autism spectrum disorder (ASD), cerebral palsy (CP), Down syndrome, and intellectual disability)...
May 18, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765620/reducing-language-to-rhythm-amazonian-bora-drummed-language-exploits-speech-rhythm-for-long-distance-communication
#4
Frank Seifart, Julien Meyer, Sven Grawunder, Laure Dentel
Many drum communication systems around the world transmit information by emulating tonal and rhythmic patterns of spoken languages in sequences of drumbeats. Their rhythmic characteristics, in particular, have not been systematically studied so far, although understanding them represents a rare occasion for providing an original insight into the basic units of speech rhythm as selected by natural speech practices directly based on beats. Here, we analyse a corpus of Bora drum communication from the northwest Amazon, which is nowadays endangered with extinction...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764295/acoustic-sources-of-accent-in-second-language-japanese-speech
#5
Kaori Idemaru, Peipei Wei, Lucy Gubbins
This study reports an exploratory analysis of the acoustic characteristics of second language (L2) speech which give rise to the perception of a foreign accent. Japanese speech samples were collected from American English and Mandarin Chinese speakers ( n = 16 in each group) studying Japanese. The L2 participants and native speakers ( n = 10) provided speech samples modeling after six short sentences. Segmental (vowels and stops) and prosodic features (rhythm, tone, and fluency) were examined. Native Japanese listeners ( n = 10) rated the samples with regard to degrees of foreign accent...
May 1, 2018: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758388/second-language-learners-who-are-at-risk-for-reading-disabilities-a-growth-mixture-model-study
#6
Susanna S Yeung
This one-year longitudinal study examined the developmental trajectories of English reading in Chinese children learning English as a second language (ESL) and identified cognitive profiles of children who are at risk for English reading disability. One hundred and eighty-four Chinese ESL children from eight Hong Kong kindergartens were measured four times during their last year of kindergarten for phonological awareness, letter knowledge, vocabulary and English word reading. Growth mixture modeling was applied to classify the children based on their growth trajectories in English word reading...
May 11, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754464/clapping-in-time-parallels-literacy-and-calls-upon-overlapping-neural-mechanisms-in-early-readers
#7
Silvia Bonacina, Jennifer Krizman, Travis White-Schwoch, Nina Kraus
The auditory system is extremely precise in processing the temporal information of perceptual events and using these cues to coordinate action. Synchronizing movement to a steady beat relies on this bidirectional connection between sensory and motor systems, and activates many of the auditory and cognitive processes used when reading. Here, we use Interactive Metronome, a clinical intervention technology requiring an individual to clap her hands in time with a steady beat, to investigate whether the links between literacy and synchronization skills, previously established in older children, are also evident in children who are learning to read...
May 12, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748842/the-similarities-between-the-target-and-the-intruder-in-naturally-occurring-person-naming-errors-a-comparison-between-repeated-and-single-naming-confusions
#8
Manuel Dupont
This study investigated the phenomenon of personal name confusion, i.e. calling a familiar person by someone else's name. Two types of name confusion were considered: single confusions (i.e. confusions that appeared only once) and repeated confusions (i.e. confusions that appeared repeatedly). The main purpose of the present study was to compare these two types of personal name confusion and to identify the similarities and differences between them. Participants were asked to fill in two questionnaires (one for each type of confusion) in order to collect information about the properties of the confusions...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741459/the-importance-of-correctly-characterising-the-english-spelling-system-when-devising-and-evaluating-methods-of-reading-instruction-comment-on-taylor-davis-and-rastle-2017
#9
Jeffrey S Bowers, Peter N Bowers
Taylor, Davis, and Rastle employed an artificial language learning paradigm to compare phonics and meaning-based approaches to reading instruction. Adults were taught consonant, vowel, and consonant (CVC) words composed of novel letters when the mappings between letters and sounds were completely systematic and the mappings between letters and meaning were completely arbitrary. At test, performance on naming tasks was better following training that emphasised the phonological rather than the semantic mappings, whereas performance on semantic tasks was similar in the two conditions...
May 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738874/phonological-processes-in-the-speech-of-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss-comparisons-with-children-with-normal-hearing
#10
Areej Nimer Asad, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard, Liz Fairgray, Caroline Bowen
PURPOSE: In this descriptive study, phonological processes were examined in the speech of children aged 5;0-7;6 (years; months) with mild to profound hearing loss using hearing aids (HAs) and cochlear implants (CIs), in comparison to their peers. A second aim was to compare phonological processes of HA and CI users. METHOD: Children with hearing loss (CWHL, N = 25) were compared to children with normal hearing (CWNH, N = 30) with similar age, gender, linguistic, and socioeconomic backgrounds...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738440/prevalence-of-developmental-dyslexia-in-spanish-university-students
#11
Carmen López-Escribano, Judith Suro Sánchez, Fernando Leal Carretero
A recent concern in the field of dyslexia studies is the lack of awareness and attention to university students suffering from this condition. If this problem is serious in countries where the relative opacity of the writing system allows for an early detection and, therefore, effective interventions, it is most critical in countries where transparent spelling makes such detection difficult, except in the most severe cases. In Spain, the diagnosis of dyslexia is rare among university-level adults. The present study pursues three aims: (a) to put forward a screening instrument for the detection of university students at risk of dyslexia, (b) to determine the ratio of university students that could be at risk of dyslexia by means of two different procedures, and (c) to create awareness for a disorder that causes hitherto unrecognized difficulties for an important subgroup of the college population...
May 8, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736907/multisensory-integration-processing-during-olfactory-visual-stimulation-an-fmri-graph-theoretical-network-analysis
#12
Isabelle Ripp, Anna-Nora Zur Nieden, Sonja Blankenagel, Nicolai Franzmeier, Johan N Lundström, Jessica Freiherr
In this study, we aimed to understand how whole-brain neural networks compute sensory information integration based on the olfactory and visual system. Task-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data was obtained during unimodal and bimodal sensory stimulation. Based on the identification of multisensory integration processing (MIP) specific hub-like network nodes analyzed with network-based statistics using region-of-interest based connectivity matrices, we conclude the following brain areas to be important for processing the presented bimodal sensory information: right precuneus connected contralaterally to the supramarginal gyrus for memory-related imagery and phonology retrieval, and the left middle occipital gyrus connected ipsilaterally to the inferior frontal gyrus via the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus including functional aspects of working memory...
May 7, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736593/pinyin-and-english-invented-spelling-in-chinese-speaking-students-who-speak-english-as-a-second-language
#13
Yi Ding, Ru-De Liu, Catherine A McBride, Chung-Hau Fan, Le Xu, Jia Wang
This study examined pinyin (the official phonetic system that transcribes the lexical tones and pronunciation of Chinese characters) invented spelling and English invented spelling in 72 Mandarin-speaking 6th graders who learned English as their second language. The pinyin invented spelling task measured segmental-level awareness including syllable and phoneme awareness, and suprasegmental-level awareness including lexical tones and tone sandhi in Chinese Mandarin. The English invented spelling task manipulated segmental-level awareness including syllable awareness and phoneme awareness, and suprasegmental-level awareness including word stress...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730501/language-skills-in-children-with-benign-childhood-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Joana Teixeira, Maria Emília Santos
Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is the epileptic syndrome that most affects preschool and school-age children. Despite being usually considered a benign condition, several studies have shown that this epileptic syndrome is responsible for cognitive morbidities in children, namely at the level of attention and memory, as well as language. However, language disorders are still superficially addressed by the literature. This review aimed to compile and synthesize recent literature in this area...
May 3, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730484/current-perspectives-on-the-cerebellum-and-reading-development
#15
REVIEW
Travis A Alvarez, Julie A Fiez
The dominant neural models of typical and atypical reading focus on the cerebral cortex. However, Nicolson et al. (2001) proposed a model, the cerebellar deficit hypothesis, in which the cerebellum plays an important role in reading. To evaluate the evidence in support of this model, we qualitatively review the current literature and employ meta-analytic tools examining patterns of functional connectivity between the cerebellum and the cerebral reading network. We find evidence for a phonological circuit with connectivity between the cerebellum and a dorsal fronto-parietal pathway, and a semantic circuit with cerebellar connectivity to a ventral fronto-temporal pathway...
May 3, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728176/the-linguistic-aspects-of-the-speech-of-jordanian-children-who-stutter
#16
Mazin Alqhazo, Sawsan Al-Dennawi
BACKGROUND: The influence of linguistic variables on moments of stuttering has been a popular area of research for several years. The purpose of this study is to assess the linguistic factors of the speech of children who stutter. METHODS: Forty-one children who stutter (31 males, 10 females) were selected from 14 schools with age range of 6-13 years. Phonological and morphological variables were measured using spontaneous speech task, whereas syntactic variables were measured using sentence completion task...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728160/comparison-of-the-reynell-developmental-language-scale-ii-and-the-galker-test-of-word-recognition-in-noise-in-danish-day-care-children
#17
Jørgen Lous, Maj-Britt Glenn Lauritsen
OBJECTIVE: To search for predictive factors for language development measured by two receptive language tests for children, the Galker test (a word-recognition-in-noise test) testing hearing and vocabulary, and the Danish version of Reynell Developmental Language Scale (2nd revision, RDLS II) test, a language comprehension test. The study analysed if information about background variables and parents and pre-school teachers was predictive for test scores; if earlier middle ear disease, actual hearing loss and tympanometry was important for language development; and if the two receptive tests differed in terms of the degree to which variables were able to predict test scores at the age of three to five years...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727819/alterations-in-white-matter-pathways-underlying-phonological-and-morphological-processing-in-chinese-developmental-dyslexia
#18
Mengmeng Su, Jingjing Zhao, Michel Thiebaut de Schotten, Wei Zhou, Gaolang Gong, Franck Ramus, Hua Shu
Chinese is a logographic language that is different from alphabetic languages in visual and semantic complexity. Thus far, it is still unclear whether Chinese children with dyslexia show similar disruption of white matter pathways as in alphabetic languages. The present study focused on the alteration of white matter pathways in Chinese children with dyslexia. Using diffusion tensor imaging tractography, the bilateral arcuate fasciculus (AF-anterior, AF-posterior and AF-direct segments), inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus (IFOF) and inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF) were delineated in each individual's native space...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725839/executive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-3
#19
Itaru Tamura, Asako Takei, Shinsuke Hamada, Hiroyuki Soma, Michio Nonaka, Sanae Homma, Fumio Moriwaka
The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive functions of patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3(SCA3). We examined 15 patients with genetically confirmed SCA3 and 15 healthy control subjects matched for age, years of education, and intellectual ability. We administered verbal memory (word recall and word recognition) and executive function tasks (word fluency test, forward and backward digit and visual span tests, Kana Pick-out Test, Trail Making Test, and conflicting instructions and a Go/NoGo task from the Frontal Assessment Battery)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725313/what-is-the-influence-of-morphological-knowledge-in-the-early-stages-of-reading-acquisition-among-low-ses-children-a-graphical-modeling-approach
#20
Pascale Colé, Eddy Cavalli, Lynne G Duncan, Anne Theurel, Edouard Gentaz, Liliane Sprenger-Charolles, Abdessadek El-Ahmadi
Children from low-SES families are known to show delays in aspects of language development which underpin reading acquisition such as vocabulary and listening comprehension. Research on the development of morphological skills in this group is scarce, and no studies exist in French. The present study investigated the involvement of morphological knowledge in the very early stages of reading acquisition (decoding), before reading comprehension can be reliably assessed. We assessed listening comprehension, receptive vocabulary, phoneme awareness, morphological awareness as well as decoding, word reading and non-verbal IQ in 703 French first-graders from low-SES families after 3 months of formal schooling (November)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
21296
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"