keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

phonology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335558/modeling-the-development-of-audiovisual-cue-integration-in-speech-perception
#1
Laura M Getz, Elke R Nordeen, Sarah C Vrabic, Joseph C Toscano
Adult speech perception is generally enhanced when information is provided from multiple modalities. In contrast, infants do not appear to benefit from combining auditory and visual speech information early in development. This is true despite the fact that both modalities are important to speech comprehension even at early stages of language acquisition. How then do listeners learn how to process auditory and visual information as part of a unified signal? In the auditory domain, statistical learning processes provide an excellent mechanism for acquiring phonological categories...
March 21, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333506/language-switching-across-modalities-evidence-from-bimodal-bilinguals
#2
Patricia Dias, Saúl Villameriel, Marcel R Giezen, Brendan Costello, Manuel Carreiras
This study investigated whether language control during language production in bilinguals generalizes across modalities, and to what extent the language control system is shaped by competition for the same articulators. Using a cued language-switching paradigm, we investigated whether switch costs are observed when hearing signers switch between a spoken and a signed language. The results showed an asymmetrical switch cost for bimodal bilinguals on reaction time (RT) and accuracy, with larger costs for the (dominant) spoken language...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326994/effects-of-lexical-competition-and-dialect-exposure-on-phonological-priming
#3
Cynthia G Clopper, Abby Walker
A cross-modal lexical decision task was used to explore the effects of lexical competition and dialect exposure on phonological form priming. Relative to unrelated auditory primes, matching real word primes facilitated lexical decision for visual real word targets, whereas competing minimal pair primes inhibited lexical decision. These effects were robust across two English vowel pairs (mid-front and low-front) and for two listener groups (mono-dialectal and multi-dialectal). However, both the most robust facilitation and the most robust inhibition were observed for the mid-front vowel words with few phonological competitors for the mono-dialectal listener group...
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326993/imitation-of-non-speech-oral-gestures-by-8-month-old-infants
#4
Heidi Diepstra, Sandra E Trehub, Alice Eriks-Brophy, Pascal Hhm van Lieshout
This study investigates the oral gestures of 8-month-old infants in response to audiovisual presentation of lip and tongue smacks. Infants exhibited more lip gestures than tongue gestures following adult lip smacks and more tongue gestures than lip gestures following adult tongue smacks. The findings, which are consistent with predictions from Articulatory Phonology, imply that 8-month-old infants are capable of producing goal-directed oral gestures by matching the articulatory organ of an adult model.
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326990/native-and-non-native-perception-of-stress-in-mapudungun-assessing-structural-maintenance-in-the-phonology-of-an-endangered-language
#5
Benjamin J Molineaux
Today, virtually all speakers of Mapudungun (formerly Araucanian), an endangered language of Chile and Argentina, are bilingual in Spanish. As a result, the firmness of native speaker intuitions-especially regarding perceptually complex issues such as word-stress-has been called into question. Even though native intuitions are unavoidable in the investigation of stress position, efforts can be made in order to clarify what the actual sources of the intuitions are, and how consistent and 'native' they remain given the language's asymmetrical contact conditions...
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326989/perception-of-nonnative-accented-sentences-by-5-to-8-year-olds-and-adults-the-role-of-phonological-processing-skills
#6
Tessa Bent, Eriko Atagi
To acquire language and successfully communicate in multicultural and multilingual societies, children must learn to understand speakers with various accents and dialects. This study investigated adults' and 5- to 8-year-old children's perception of native- and nonnative-accented English sentences in noise. Participants' phonological memory and phonological awareness were assessed to investigate factors associated with individual differences in word recognition. Although both adults and children performed less accurately with nonnative talkers than native talkers, children showed greater performance decrements...
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326896/investigating-the-effect-of-regional-native-accents-on-sentence-comprehension-in-children-with-language-impairment
#7
Pauline Frizelle, Jennifer Harte, Paul Fletcher, Fiona Gibbon
PURPOSE: Research has shown that accent variation can affect typically developing (TD) children's understanding of language, as well as that of children with speech difficulties, neuro-typical adults and those with aphasia and dementia. This study aims to investigate the effect of regional native accents on sentence comprehension in children with language impairment (LI), an area not previously explored. METHOD: Forty-three children with LI (mean age 6.04) and forty-five younger TD children (mean age 4...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321956/mapping-the-brain-network-of-the-phonological-loop
#8
Costanza Papagno, Alessandro Comi, Marco Riva, Alberto Bizzi, Mirta Vernice, Alessandra Casarotti, Enrica Fava, Lorenzo Bello
The cortical and subcortical neural correlates underlying item and order information in verbal short-term memory (STM) were investigated by means of digit span in 29 patients with direct electrical stimulation during awake surgery for removal of a neoplastic lesion. Stimulation of left Broca's area interfered with span, producing significantly more item than order errors, as compared to the stimulation of the supramarginal/angular gyrus, which also interfered with span but, conversely, produced more order than item errors...
March 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321196/connected-speech-in-neurodegenerative-language-disorders-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Veronica Boschi, Eleonora Catricalà, Monica Consonni, Cristiano Chesi, Andrea Moro, Stefano F Cappa
Language assessment has a crucial role in the clinical diagnosis of several neurodegenerative diseases. The analysis of extended speech production is a precious source of information encompassing the phonetic, phonological, lexico-semantic, morpho-syntactic, and pragmatic levels of language organization. The knowledge about the distinctive linguistic variables identifying language deficits associated to different neurodegenerative diseases has progressively improved in the last years. However, the heterogeneity of such variables and of the way they are measured and classified limits any generalization and makes the comparison among studies difficult...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319684/what-do-we-do-with-what-we-learn-statistical-learning-of-orthographic-regularities-impacts-written-word-processing
#10
Fabienne Chetail
Individuals rapidly become sensitive to recurrent patterns present in the environment and this occurs in many situations. However, evidence of a role for statistical learning of orthographic regularities in reading is mixed, and its role has peripheral status in current theories of visual word recognition. Additionally, exactly which regularities readers learn to be sensitive to is still unclear. To address these two issues, three experiments were conducted with artificial scripts. In Experiments 1a and 1b, participants were exposed to a flow of artificial words (five characters) for a few minutes, with either two or four bigrams occurring very frequently...
March 16, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318160/-phonological-characteristics-and-rehabilitation-training-of-abnormal-velar-in-children-with-functional-articulation-disorders
#11
Xu Lina, Li Feng, Zhang Yanyun, Gao Nan, Hu Mingfang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the phonological characteristics and rehabilitation training of abnormal velar in patients with functional articulation disorders (FAD). METHODS: Eighty-seven patients with FAD were observed of the phonological characteristics of velar. Seventy-two patients with abnormal velar accepted speech training. The correlation and simple linear regression analysis were carried out on abnormal velar articulation and age. RESULTS: The articulation disorder of /g/ mainly showed replacement by /d/, /b/ or omission...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306754/factors-influencing-consonant-acquisition-in-brazilian-portuguese-speaking-children
#12
Marizete Ilha Ceron, Marileda Barichello Gubiani, Camila Rosa de Oliveira, Márcia Keske-Soares
Purpose: We sought to provide valid and reliable data on the acquisition of consonant sounds in speakers of Brazilian Portuguese. Method: The sample comprised 733 typically developing monolingual speakers of Brazilian Portuguese (ages 3;0-8;11 [years;months]). The presence of surface speech error patterns, the revised percentage consonants correct, and the age of sound acquisition were evaluated using phonological assessment software. The normative values for these variables were reported using means and standard deviations...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306348/differences-in-dyslexic-students-before-and-after-a-remediation-program-a-clinical-neuropsychological-and-event-related-potential-study
#13
Nikolaos C Zygouris, Elias Avramidis, Argyris V Karapetsas, George I Stamoulis
Developmental dyslexia is defined as an unexpected specific and persistent failure to acquire efficient reading skills despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence and sociocultural opportunity. This article reports the outcomes of a study that evaluated the implementation of a 4-month intervention program. The intervention consisted of structured activities aiming at improving (a) the children's phonological awareness, (b) their visual and auditory memory, (c) their visual discrimination ability, and (d) their text comprehension...
March 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306339/working-memory-in-school-age-children-with-and-without-a-persistent-speech-sound-disorder
#14
Kelly Farquharson, Tiffany P Hogan, John E Bernthal
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the role of working memory processes as a possible cognitive underpinning of persistent speech sound disorders (SSD). METHOD: Forty school-aged children were enrolled; 20 children with persistent SSD (P-SSD) and 20 typically developing children. Children participated in three working memory tasks - one to target each of the components in Baddeley's working memory model: phonological loop, visual spatial sketchpad and central executive...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301854/pre-low-raising-in-japanese-pitch-accent
#15
Albert Lee, Santitham Prom-On, Yi Xu
Japanese has been observed to have 2 versions of the H tone, the higher of which is associated with an accented mora. However, the distinction of these 2 versions only surfaces in context but not in isolation, leading to a long-standing debate over whether there is 1 H tone or 2. This article reports evidence that the higher version may result from a pre-low raising mechanism rather than being inherently higher. The evidence is based on an analysis of F0 of words that varied in length, accent condition and syllable structure, produced by native speakers of Japanese at 2 speech rates...
March 17, 2017: Phonetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301184/the-phonological-unit-of-japanese-kanji-compounds-a-masked-priming-investigation
#16
Masahiro Yoshihara, Mariko Nakayama, Rinus G Verdonschot, Yasushi Hino
Using the masked priming paradigm, we examined which phonological unit is used when naming Kanji compounds. Although the phonological unit in the Japanese language has been suggested to be the mora, Experiment 1 found no priming for mora-related Kanji prime-target pairs. In Experiment 2, significant priming was only found when Kanji pairs shared the whole sound of their initial Kanji characters. Nevertheless, when the same Kanji pairs used in Experiment 2 were transcribed into Kana, significant mora priming was observed in Experiment 3...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290103/cross-linguistic-differences-in-the-use-of-durational-cues-for-the-segmentation-of-a-novel-language
#17
Mikhail Ordin, Leona Polyanskaya, Itziar Laka, Marina Nespor
It is widely accepted that duration can be exploited as phonological phrase final lengthening in the segmentation of a novel language, i.e., in extracting discrete constituents from continuous speech. The use of final lengthening for segmentation and its facilitatory effect has been claimed to be universal. However, lengthening in the world languages can also mark lexically stressed syllables. Stress-induced lengthening can potentially be in conflict with right edge phonological phrase boundary lengthening...
March 13, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287166/pitch-discrimination-associated-with-phonological-awareness-evidence-from-congenital-amusia
#18
Yanan Sun, Xuejing Lu, Hao Tam Ho, William Forde Thompson
Research suggests that musical skills are associated with phonological abilities. To further investigate this association, we examined whether phonological impairments are evident in individuals with poor music abilities. Twenty individuals with congenital amusia and 20 matched controls were assessed on a pure-tone pitch discrimination task, a rhythm discrimination task, and four phonological tests. Amusic participants showed deficits in discriminating pitch and discriminating rhythmic patterns that involve a regular beat...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286543/a-psychometric-tool-for-a-virtual-reality-rehabilitation-approach-for-dyslexia
#19
Elisa Pedroli, Patrizia Padula, Andrea Guala, Maria Teresa Meardi, Giuseppe Riva, Giovanni Albani
Dyslexia is a chronic problem that affects the life of subjects and often influences their life choices. The standard rehabilitation methods all use a classic paper and pencil training format but these exercises are boring and demanding for children who may have difficulty in completing the treatments. It is important to develop a new rehabilitation program that would help children in a funny and engaging way. A Wii-based game was developed to demonstrate that a short treatment with an action video game, rather than phonological or orthographic training, may improve the reading abilities in dyslexic children...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283312/language-disorders-in-victims-of-domestic-violence-in-children-s-homes
#20
Martha Cobos-Cali, Valentina Ladera, María Victoria Perea, Ricardo García
Studies that deal with child maltreatment have become relevant during these past years. One important aspect to consider is the impact of maltreatment on the cognitive functioning and more precisely on language. Our objective is to analyze the different components in the comprehension and production of language in children victims of domestic abuse in Childreńs Homes. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consists of 104 participants divided in two groups. A group of children who have just been institutionalized due to domestic abuse (VG) (Age: 8 years 2 months with a standard deviation of 1, 5 years) without previous treatment; a group of comparison (CG) made up by children who have not been victim of domestic violence (Age: 8 years 6 months with a standard deviation of 2 years and a month), with similar characteristics of gender, age and schooling...
March 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
keyword
keyword
21296
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"