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Hemoptysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771050/-fibrous-hemangioma-of-esophagus-portal-a-case-report
#1
Y P Wang, L X Li
A 33 year old male patient has found in the oral cavity tumor with nausea and vomiting after 20 days ago. The patients feel pharyngeal foreign body sensation, occasional sense of suffocation, the oropharyngeal tumor disappeared and foreign body sensation disappeared after swallowing. The patients without angina, no hemoptysis, no hoarseness, no acid reflux symptoms and weight loss phenomenon. The gastroscope showed giant tumor, esophagus smooth surface, visible local gray blue blood vessels, from the entrance of esophagus has been extended to the esophagus from the upper incisors 25 cm...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768339/foreign-body-aspiration-as-a-cause-of-cryptogenic-hemoptysis-in-a-child-a-case-report
#2
Li Qiu, Yiheng Zan, Lin Zhong, Hanmin Liu, Qingfen Tao, Lina Chen
RATIONALE: Hemoptysis is rare but potentially life-threatening condition in children. The most common cause of pediatric hemoptysis is lower respiratory tract infections. Sometimes foreign body aspiration may result in hemoptysis too. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 4-year old girl suffered from recurrent cryptogenic hemoptysis for almost 2 years. DIAGNOSES: The wheatear was finally found to be the underlying cause. INTERVENTIONS: The girl received multiple bronchoscopy...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765235/fatal-hemoptysis-in-patients-with-advanced-esophageal-cancer-treated-with-apatinib
#3
Wei Wang, Lin Zhang, Yan Xie, Tianchang Zhen, Gongzhang Su, Qi Zang
Targeted therapy is commonly used for treating advanced malignant tumors. Compared with cytotoxic drugs, targeted drugs have the characteristics of good curative results, less adverse effects, and convenient oral administration. Hence, they are especially suitable for patients with cancer who are not able to tolerate chemotherapy. Anti-angiogenic therapy can achieve the objective by inhibiting the formation of new blood vessels in tumors. Apatinib is a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting the intracellular domain of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755814/massive-hemoptysis-from-a-pulmonary-artery-pseudoaneurysm-during-cardiac-surgery
#4
Alfredo Giuseppe Cerillo, Elisa Barberi, Francesca Amoretti, Sergio Berti
Massive hemoptysis is a life-threatening condition usually related to a pathology of the bronchial arteries. Pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysms represent a relatively rare cause of severe airway bleeding, but are associated with a mortality rate of over 50%. A case of massive intraoperative hemoptysis treated with temporary occlusion of the right pulmonary artery and delayed endovascular occlusion of the feeding segmental artery is described.
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755806/massive-hemoptysis-danger-is-real-promptness-is-essential
#5
EDITORIAL
Ufuk Çağırıcı, Oğuz Kılınç
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755095/-mediastinal-bronchial-artery-aneurysm-associated-with-bronchiectasis-report-of-a-case
#6
Katsutoshi Adachi, Tomohito Tarukawa
The patient was a 66-year-old man who had treated with bronchiectasis. He was admitted to our hospital because of hemoptysis. A chest plain computed tomography (CT) showed bronchiectasis in the left lower lobe and nodular lesion in the mediastinum. Chest contrast CT revealed a left bronchial artery aneurysm, and hyperplastic left bronchial arteries dilating and winding toward the left lower lobe. We performed selective angiography of the bronchial artery, revealing an aneurysm, and we performed 3 times of bronchial arterial embolization( BAE)...
May 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749991/pulmonary-embolism-as-a-rare-complication-of-liver-hydatid-cyst-report-of-two-cases
#7
Omar Toumi, Randa Salem, Sadok Ben Jabra, Ghedira Abdesslem, Faouzi Noomen, Abdel Aziz Hamdi
Hydatid cyst is a helminth infection. The rupture of a hepatic hydatid cyst in inferior vena cava is a rare and lethal complication. Pulmonary embolism is the commonest manifestation. The diagnosis of hydatid cyst is made by histopathological or serological examination, and imaging may suggest the probability of hydatid cyst. Surgical treatment should be performed with caution and always under vascular control. We present two cases of hydatid cyst ruptured into the inferior vena cava. The patients also presented with dyspnea, hemoptysis, and intermittent cough at the time of admission...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748841/characteristics-of-pulmonary-mucormycosis-and-predictive-risk-factors-for-the-outcome
#8
Jun Feng, Xuefeng Sun
PURPOSE: Little is known about risk factors for the outcome of pulmonary mucormycosis. We summarized characteristics of this rare disease, and systemically explored risk factors for the outcome. METHODS: Ninety-two patients with pulmonary mucormycosis, including 12 patients at Peking Union Medical College Hospital and 80 patients published in 62 articles between 2006 and 2016, were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The median age was 47.5 years, and the male to female ratio was 2...
May 10, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747951/surgery-for-intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-using-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-navigation-a-case-report
#9
Keiji Yamanashi, Norihito Okumura, Chiaki Nakazono, Tomoaki Matsuoka
A 38-year-old man with bilateral Pryce III intralobar sequestration was admitted. At first, left lower lobectomy and division of the aberrant artery were performed because of continuous hemoptysis after admission. Two months later, we planned a video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection of the right sequestration and a division of the 2 aberrant arteries. We chose indocyanine green fluorescence navigation because of the small volume of the right sequestration, with a goal to reduce respiratory functional loss as much as possible...
April 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745038/intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-originating-from-the-intercostal-arteries-treated-with-surgical-resection
#10
Xin Li, Hui Du, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Ming Dong, Minghui Liu, Hongyu Liu, Jun Chen
Intralobar pulmonary sequestration originating from the intercostal arteries is rarely reported. Herein, we report an unusual case of a 56-year-old male patient with intralobar pulmonary sequestration supplied from the intercostal arteries on the left lower lobe who presented after a month of a repeated cough and massive hemoptysis. Although transcatheter arterial embolization was performed three times, the patient's symptoms were not relieved. A left lower lobectomy was performed with video-assisted thoracic surgery...
May 9, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742224/massive-hemoptysis-successfully-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-and-endobronchial-thrombolysis
#11
Antônio Aurélio de Paiva Fagundes Júnior, Renato Bueno Chaves, Amanda Robassini Dos Santos, Humberto Alves de Oliveira, Marcello Henrique Paschoal
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been used to treat refractory hypoxemia in numerous clinical scenarios. The fundamental principles for the management of massive hemoptysis patients include protecting the airway and healthy lung, locating the source of bleeding and controlling the hemorrhage. We report the case of a patient with acute respiratory failure associated with massive hemoptysis secondary to lung laceration during cardiac surgery. The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation allowed patient survival...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740732/successful-treatment-with-idarucizumab-for-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-induced-by-dabigatran-etexilate-a-case-report
#12
Akihiro Shiroshita, Kei Nakashima, Yu Tanaka, Akiko Tateishi, Masahiro Nemoto, Masahiro Aoshima
We report the case of an 81-year-old man taking dabigatran etexilate (dabigatran) for chronic atrial fibrillation, who presented with acute-onset hemoptysis and hypoxia. Chest high-resolution computed tomography showed bilateral ground grass opacities. After admission, his respiratory failure progressed rapidly and bronchoalveolar lavage was performed immediately, which showed copious amounts of bloody fluid and hemosiderin-laden macrophages with Prussian blue staining. He was diagnosed as having diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738753/acute-management-of-infected-chronic-thromboembolic-disease
#13
Donna May Kimmaliardjuk, Carole Dennie, Sean Dickie, Eric C Belanger, Fraser Rubens
A 29-year-old male with chronic pulmonary emboli presented to hospital with progressive pleuritic chest pain. He was in acute right ventricular failure, and thus underwent intra-pulmonary arterial tissue plasminogen (tPA). He developed massive hemoptysis requiring emergent thromboendarterectomy. A clot was visualized in the main left pulmonary artery which had formed a bronchovascular fistula into the left upper lobe bronchus. Pathology of the clot revealed fibrinopurulent exudate and Gram-positive cocci. The left pulmonary artery was repaired with a pericardial patch, and the left upper lobe was oversewn with subsequent left upper lobectomy...
May 5, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736629/hemoptysis-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-syndrome-from-bedside-to-bench
#14
Giovanni Maria Rossi, Giacomo Emmi, Augusto Vaglio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735258/outcomes-of-pulmonary-artery-embolization-and-stent-graft-placement-for-the-treatment-of-hemoptysis-caused-by-lung-tumors
#15
Clément Marcelin, Jérome Soussan, Florian Desmots, Jean-Yves Gaubert, Vincent Vidal, Jean Michel Bartoli, Jean Izaaryene
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular management of pulmonary artery lesions caused by lung tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients (15 men, 4 women; average age: 60.3 years, range, 51-86 years) treated for massive or recurrent hemoptysis with transarterial pulmonary artery embolization between 2010 and 2016 were included in this multicenter, retrospective study. Inclusion criteria were: patients with lung cancer and at least 1 episode of hemoptysis with a pulmonary artery lesion detected by computed tomography (CT) angiography or after failed bronchial artery embolization...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734831/ipsilateral-pulmonary-infarction-after-major-lung-resection
#16
Vasileios K Kouritas, Emmanuel M Kefaloyannis, Nilanjan Chaudhuri, Richard Milton
Background Lung infarction is a rare complication of lung resection, developing mainly because of technical errors. In some cases, a specific reason cannot be identified. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence, characteristics, and outcome of this pathology in a series of patients. Methods The medical records of patients who underwent reoperation for lung infarction without an apparent cause (based on imaging, reoperation findings, and histopathology) after major lung resection at our institution from 2006 to 2015, were investigated...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731498/a-case-of-anti-glomerular-basement-membrane-antibody-positive-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-with-pulmonary-hemorrhage-successfully-treated-at-an-early-stage-of-the-disease
#17
Takehisa Yamada, Koji Mugishima, Seiichiro Higo, Yukie Yoshida, Fumiaki Itagaki, Shizuka Yui, Tetsuya Kashiwagi, Yoko Endo, Akira Shimizu, Shuichi Tsuruoka
We report here a case of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with pulmonary hemorrhage and anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibodies. A 42-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of exanthema, arthralgia, shortness of breath, and hemoptysis. Plain chest computed tomography (CT) scan revealed pericardial effusion, bilateral pleural effusions, and pulmonary hemorrhage. Laboratory findings on admission revealed proteinuria, microscopic hematuria, anemia, leukopenia, hypoalbuminemia, hypocomplementemia, and slightly elevated levels of serum creatinine...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731050/a-56-year-old-woman-with-multiple-pulmonary-cysts-and-severe-chest-pain
#18
Takafumi Kato, Hideharu Muto, Tsunekazu Hishima, Masahiro Kawashima, Hideaki Nagai, Hirotoshi Matsui, Masahiro Shimada, Akira Hebisawa, Noriko Doki, Shuichi Miyawaki, Kazuteru Ohashi
A 56-year-old woman presented to our hospital with a 4-month history of worsening chest pain. She denied having any respiratory symptoms, such as dyspnea, sputum, cough, or hemoptysis, or any history of smoking or exposure to dusts. One year previously she had a vertebral fracture. There was no specific family history, including pulmonary or autoimmune diseases. Chest CT performed 3 years earlier showed multiple thin-walled pulmonary cysts, although no further investigations were performed.
May 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728719/percutaneous-embolization-of-a-pulmonary-vein-pseudoaneurysm-secondary-to-vascular-erosion-of-a-metastatic-mass
#19
Samuel L Rice, Amy R Deipolyi, Ernesto Santos Martin
Fifty-two-year-old female with high-grade undifferentiated pleomorphic left thigh sarcoma and bilateral metastatic soft tissue lesions to the lungs consistent with metastases, presented with recurrent, anemia, and worsening hemoptysis. Cross-sectional imaging demonstrated erosion of a right lower lobe metastatic mass into an adjacent right inferior lower lobe pulmonary vein with formation of a pseudoaneurysm. We report the successful treatment of this pseudoaneurysm via direct image-guided percutaneous access with subsequent coil embolization...
May 4, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727208/indications-and-complications-of-rigid-bronchoscopy
#20
Hitesh Batra, Lonny Yarmus
Rigid bronchoscopy is an invaluable tool for the management of airway disorders and an essential skill for an interventional pulmonologist. Since its introduction in the late 19th century, it has remained an important technique for the management of central airway obstruction, foreign body aspiration and massive hemoptysis. Areas covered: This article will review the history, indications, contraindication, technique and complications of rigid bronchoscopy. We will also briefly discuss the methods of anesthesia and ventilation and finally our perspective on the future of rigid bronchoscopy...
May 4, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
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