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Hemoptysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213604/efficacy-and-safety-of-super-selective-bronchial-artery-coil-embolisation-for-haemoptysis-a-single-centre-retrospective-observational-study
#1
Hideo Ishikawa, Masahiko Hara, Misaki Ryuge, Jun Takafuji, Mihoko Youmoto, Masanori Akira, Yukio Nagasaka, Daijiro Kabata, Kouji Yamamoto, Ayumi Shintani
OBJECTIVES: Evidence on the safety and long-term efficacy of super selective bronchial artery embolisation (ssBAE) using platinum coils in patients with haemoptysis is insufficient. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the safety and the 3-year postprocedure haemoptysis-free survival rate of de novo elective ssBAE using platinum coils rather than particles for the treatment of haemoptysis. DESIGN: A single-centre retrospective observational study. SETTING: Hemoptysis and Pulmonary Circulation Center in Japan...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213068/an-unusual-cause-of-severe-dyspnea-a-laryngeal-live-leech-case-report
#2
Said Anajar, Rachid Ansari, Jawad Hassnaoui, Reda Abada, Mohammed Roubal, Mohammed Mahtar
INTRODUCTION: Foreign bodies in the upper airways are one of the most challenging otolaryngology emergencies, leeches present a very rare cause of airway foreign bodies around the world. CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old girl was referred to our otolaryngology department at a tertiary university hospital with a severe dyspnea and hemoptysis. Nasofibroscopy revealed a dark living leech in the supraglottic area which extends to the glottis. The patient was urgently admitted to the operating room, the leech was grasped and removed with a foreign body forceps with a full length of more than 6cm...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203432/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-and-chemical-burns-after-exposure-to-chlorine-containing-bleach-a-case-report
#3
Hong-Joon Shin, Jin-Sun Chang, Seong Ahn, Tae-Ok Kim, Cheol-Kyu Park, Jung-Hwan Lim, In-Jae Oh, Yu-Il Kim, Sung-Chul Lim, Young-Chul Kim, Yong-Soo Kwon
Chlorine-containing bleach can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and chemical burns. However, simultaneous occurrence of the two conditions caused by this agent is very rare. We describe the case of a 74-year-old female who presented with shortness of breath and hemoptysis following accidental exposure to chlorine-containing bleach. She had second- to third-degree chemical burns on both buttocks and thighs, and received mechanical ventilation because of the development of ARDS. Mechanical ventilation was discontinued on day 6 of hospitalization because of the rapid improvement of hypoxemia, and the patient was transferred to another hospital for further management of the chemical burns on day 18...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202343/endobronchial-brachytherapy-for-metastasis-from-extrapulmonary-malignancies-as-an-effective-treatment-for-palliation-of-symptoms
#4
E Donovan, E Timotin, T Farrell, B Donde, S Puksa, R Sur
PURPOSE: Endobronchial metastasis (EBM) originating from primary cancers outside the lung is rare. External beam radiotherapy is often attempted for control of symptoms with variable effectiveness and retreatment is challenging if symptoms recur. There is limited documentation of high-dose-rate brachytherapy for EBM in the literature. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A prospective database was created from 2006 to 2015. Patients with EBM who received high-dose-rate brachytherapy were included...
February 12, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197278/patent-ductus-arteriosus-with-eisenmenger-syndrome-difficult-diagnosis-made-easily-with-saline-contrast-echocardiography
#5
Prakash Kumar, Santosh Kumar Sinha, Umeshwar Pandey, Ramesh Thakur, Chandra Mohan Varma, Mohit Sachan, Amit Goel
The diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with Eisenmenger syndrome is difficult. We report a case of 35-year-old male who came to our outpatient department (OPD) for evaluation of repeated hemoptysis and dyspnea on exertion. He had already completed two courses of ATT. On examination, grade 3 ejection systolic murmur was audible over precordium. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed enlargement of right atrium (RA) and right ventricular (RV) with severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR). On agitated saline contrast injection, agitated saline was seen in pulmonary artery followed by filling of abdominal aorta without filling of ascending aorta, thus confirming the diagnosis of right to left shunt with PDA...
June 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193079/correlation-between-mmp-9-and-mmp-9-timps-complex-with-pulmonary-function-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-civilians-sardasht-iran-cohort-study
#6
Sara Ghaffarpour, Tooba Ghazanfari, Sussan Kabudanian Ardestani, Shahryar Pourfarzam, Faramarz Fallahi, Jalaleddin Shams, Ensieh Sadat Mirsharif, Ali Mohammad Mohseni Majd, Soghrat Faghihzadeh
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteinases and have the vigorous capacity to degrade all parts of the extracellular matrix. MMP enzymes strongly participate in physiological processes such as normal tissue remodeling and wound healing and in pathology of pulmonary diseases. They are released in response to environmental stimuli such as toxins and regulated by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Sulfur mustard (SM) is a chemical toxic which can cause severe permanent damages to lung tissues...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184273/hemoptysis-during-general-anesthesia-in-a-diabetic-patient-with-healed-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#7
Mee Young Chung, Hyeon-Do Jeong, Seul-Gi Kim, Chang Jae Kim
Hemoptysis is a common complication of pulmonary tuberculosis. Most of the cases of hemoptysis originate from hypertrophied bronchial arteries. Also, diabetes induces pulmonary vascular abnormalities such as endothelial dysfunction, inflammatory infiltration and pulmonary vascular remodeling. A 27-year-old male, with diabetes and a history of tuberculosis, underwent the procedure of pars plana vitrectomy under general anesthesia. After an uneventful intra-operative period, he had hemoptysis prior to extubation...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176954/coil-therapy-for-patients-with-severe-emphysema-and-bilateral-incomplete-fissures-effectiveness-and-complications-after-1-year-follow-up-a-single-center-experience
#8
Konstantina Kontogianni, Vasiliki Gerovasili, Daniela Gompelmann, Maren Schuhmann, Hans Hoffmann, Claus Peter Heussel, Felix Jf Herth, Ralf Eberhardt
BACKGROUND: Lung volume reduction coil (LVRC) treatment is established in daily endoscopic lung volume reduction routine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of LVRC treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 86 patients (male/female: 40/46, mean age: 64±7 years) with severe COPD and bilateral incomplete fissures. A total of 10 coils were unilaterally implanted in a single lobe, and 28 out of 86 patients were treated bilaterally...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166077/a-rare-case-of-bilateral-aspergillomas-in-a-patient-of-ankylosing-spondylitis
#9
A Das, S Pandit, S K Das, S Basuthakur, S Das
Pulmonary involvement by Aspergillus sp. mainly includes allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, aspergilloma, and invasive aspergillosis. Aspergilloma (Fungal ball) is the most common form of aspergillous pulmonary involvement, which occurs in preexisting pulmonary cavities, especially secondary to pulmonary tuberculosis. Ankylosing spondylitis is a rare cause of upper lobe fibro-cavitary lesions in pulmonary parenchyma. It may also lead to development of fungal balls in pulmonary cavities. Most common presentation is mild to massive hemoptysis; dyspnoea, chronic cough, expectoration may be other presentation; even the patient may remain asymptomatic...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165678/rare-cause-for-hemoptysis-in-an-adolescent-bronchial-capillary-hemangioma
#10
Susanne Hämmerling, Sebastian Becker, Marcus A Mall
Hemoptysis is rare in children and adolescents. We describe an 11-year-old girl who presented with hemoptysis, cough, and exertional dyspnea. Radiologic and bronchoscopic assessment revealed a pedunculated mass in the right main stem bronchus with a ball valve effect. Carcinoid or hemangioma was suspected as cause of the mass. The tumor could be excised bronchoscopically, and histologic examination showed a capillary hemangioma. In the literature, bronchial hemangiomas are described in infants and adults. This case demonstrates that bronchial hemangioma should also be taken into consideration as a cause of hemoptysis in adolescents...
February 6, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162798/-endobronchial-tuberculosis
#11
E Manal, Z Nahid, B Hanane, Y Najiba
BACKGROUND/AIM: The endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) is an uncommon type of tuberculosis. The respiratory symptoms in EBTB are usually nonspecific and misleading. The aim of the study is to determine the clinical features and diagnostic aspects of EBTB. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight cases of endobronchial tuberculosis collected from January 2009 to October 2015. RESULTS: EBTB was found in 16 females and 12 males. The mean age was 48 years...
February 2, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152775/quality-of-life-qol-by-response-an-interim-analysis-of-patients-pts-with-squamous-scc-nsclc-treated-with-nab-paclitaxel-carboplatin-nab-p-c-induction-therapy-in-the-phase-iii-abound-sqm-study
#12
Vera Hirsh, Katayoun Amiri, Amy Ko, Jeanna L Knoble, Melissa Lynne Johnson, Robert M Jotte, Michael McCleod, Teng Jin Ong, Ray D Page, David R Spigel, Howard Jack West
: 63 Background: The correlation of radiological response and pt-reported outcomes (PROs) in advanced NSCLC remains underreported. This interim analysis evaluated QoL by response (RECIST v1.1) in SCC NSCLC pts treated with nab-P/C during the induction part of the ABOUND.sqm study. METHODS: In the ongoing phase III ABOUND.sqm study, pts with advanced SCC NSCLC are treated with first-line nab-P 100 mg/m(2) d 1, 8, 15 and C AUC 6 mg•min/mL d 1 (21-d cycles) for 4 cycles (induction)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152774/quality-of-life-qol-in-patients-pts-with-squamous-scc-nsclc-treated-with-nab-paclitaxel-with-carboplatin-nab-p-c-induction-therapy-interim-analysis-of-the-phase-iii-abound-sqm-study
#13
Corey J Langer, Robert M Jotte, Edward S Kim, Amy Ko, Teng Jin Ong, Mark A Socinski, Peter Staib, Nataliya Trunova, David R Spigel
: 64 Background: Recent data on QoL in pts with advanced NSCLC treated with platinum-doublets are limited. This interim analysis evaluated QoL in pts with SCC NSCLC treated with nab-P/C during the induction part of the ABOUND.sqm study. METHODS: In the ongoing phase III ABOUND.sqm study, pts with advanced SCC NSCLC are treated with first-line nab-P 100 mg/m(2) d 1, 8, 15 and C AUC 6 mg•min/mL d 1 (21-d cycles) for 4 cycles (induction). Pts not progressing after 4 cycles are randomized 2:1 to maintenance nab-P 100 mg/m(2)d 1 and 8 of each 21-d cycle + best supportive care (BSC) or BSC alone until progression...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151860/dieulafoy-disease-of-the-trachea-with-recurrent-episodes-of-massive-hemoptysis-a-case-report
#14
Danrong Yang, Chaohui Rong, Jie Gu, Ling Xu, Jiayin Zhang, Guobin Zhang, Ce Shen
RATIONALE: Dieulafoy disease is characterized by the presence of dilated, tortuous arteries that project into the submucosa of the gastrointestinal tract and less frequently the bronchus. PATIENT CONCERNS: Dieulafoy disease of the trachea has not been previously described. A 60-year-old woman with recurrent episodes of massive hemoptysis. DIAGNOSES: Dieulafoy disease of the trachea. INTERVENTIONS: Selective arterial embolization was undertaken...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146378/a-moroccan-cattleman-with-chronic-cough-persistent-hemoptysis-and-a-cavitary-lung-mass
#15
Juan A Muñoz-Largacha, Helene M Sterbling, Israa Laklouk, Qing Zhao, Virginia R Litle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144077/fatal-hemoptysis-due-to-ruptured-peripheral-pulmonary-artery-pseudoaneurysm
#16
Bhumika Vaishnav, Arvind Bamanikar, Vivek Singh Rathore, Vinit Kumar Khemka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144074/flexible-bronchoscopic-argon-plasma-coagulation-for-management-of-massive-hemoptysis-in-bronchial-dieulafoy-s-disease
#17
Karan Madan, Ashesh Dhungana, Vijay Hadda, Anant Mohan, Randeep Guleria
Dieulafoy's disease is an uncommon condition, the usual site of occurrence being the gastrointestinal tract. The condition refers to the presence of a dysplastic submucosal artery with mucosal vascular branches that has propensity to cause recurrent bleeding. Dieulafoy's disease of the bronchus is rare. Herein, we describe the case of a 26-year-old male who presented with recurrent bouts of hemoptysis and bronchial Dieulafoy's disease was diagnosed. Flexible bronchoscopy was performed, and argon plasma coagulation (APC) of the bleeding lesion was done...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138424/a-unilateral-hyperlucent-lung-swyer-james-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Ahmed Dirweesh, Chikezie Alvarez, Muhammad Khan, Nrupa Shah
Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome (SJMS) is a rare etiology of a unilateral hyperlucent hemithorax but an important one, which should be considered in any individual with such findings. Presentation usually occurs in adulthood with an asymptomatic history in many cases or with a history of childhood infections. Clinically, symptomatic patients may present with productive cough, dyspnea on exertion, hemoptysis, decreased exercise tolerance and recurrent pulmonary infections. Many individuals are asymptomatic only requiring conservative management...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125133/acute-wt1-positive-promyelocytic-leukemia-with-hypogranular-variant-morphology-bcr-3-isoform-of-pml-rar%C3%AE-and-flt3-itd-mutation-a-rare-case-report
#19
Xi Zhang, Cheng Yang, Xiangui Peng, Xinghua Chen, Yimei Feng
CONTEXT: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) accounts for 8% to 10% of cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Remission in cases of high-risk APL is still difficult to achieve, and relapses occur readily. CASE REPORT: Here, we describe a case of APL with high white blood cell counts in blood tests and hypogranular variant morphology in bone marrow, together with fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 with internal tandem duplication mutations (FLT3-ITD), and bcr-3 isoform of PML-RARα...
January 23, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104995/spontaneous-rupture-of-hepatic-epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma-a-case-report
#20
Jun-Wu Yang, Yong Li, Kai Xie, Wei Dong, Xian-Tong Cao, Wei-Dong Xiao
Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEH) is a rare tumor of vascular endothelial origin. Spontaneous rupture of HEH is a life-threatening complication and is extremely rare. HEH has variable malignant potential, and the clinical diagnosis remains challenging. Here we report a case of HEH with spontaneous rupture. A 44-year-old man presented with constant cutting pains over the right upper abdomen after eating. He had hemoptysis 11 d previously. Diagnostic abdominal puncture demonstrated active bleeding...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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