keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infection Elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724043/compulsory-notification-at-skilled-nursing-facilities
#1
Milton Luiz Gorzoni, Márcia Regina Valadares Aguado, Sueli Luciano Pires, Lilian de Fátima Costa Faria
Introduction: Notifiable diseases (NDs) encompass conditions of high clinical severity and/or contagious. Being closed communities, long-term care facilities (LTCF) are places that deserve attention on their own, but one might be left wondering: what is the reality of NDs at Brazilian LTCFs? Objective: To determine the prevalence and type of NDs at large LTCF. Method: Active search for NDs conducted by the Hospital Infection Control Committee (HICC) in 459 beds...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723664/detecting-the-genetic-link-between-alzheimer-s-disease-and-obesity-using-bioinformatics-analysis-of-gwas-data
#2
Qi-Shuai Zhuang, Hao Zheng, Xiao-Dan Gu, Liang Shen, Hong-Fang Ji
Alzheimer's disease (AD) represents the major form of dementia in the elderly. In recent years, accumulating evidence indicate that obesity may act as a risk factor for AD, while the genetic link between the two conditions remains unclear. This bioinformatics analysis aimed to detect the genetic link between AD and obesity on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), gene, and pathway levels based on genome-wide association studies data. A total of 31 SNPs were found to be shared by AD and obesity, which were linked to 7 genes...
July 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720319/safety-and-efficacy-of-anti-influenza-drugs-intravenous-peramivir-against-influenza-virus-infection-in-elderly-patients-with-underlying-disease
#3
Kazufumi Takamatsu, Satoshi Marumo, Motonari Fukui, Atsuko Hata
We retrospectively analyzed data of 38 elderly patients, each with an underlying disease, to evaluate peramivir safety and efficacy. Six patients (15.8%) experienced adverse events, all tolerated. Median time from administration until the return to normal temperatures was 31.5 h (95% CI: 22.4-40.6). Results confirm intravenous peramivir's usefulness.
June 26, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714847/modulation-of-the-transcription-factor-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-antigen-presenting-cells-by-bovine-respiratory-syncytial-virus-small-hydrophobic-protein
#4
Nicola Pollock, Geraldine Taylor, Fatoumatta Jobe, Efrain Guzman
Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is an important cause of respiratory disease in young cattle and is closely related to human RSV (HRSV), which causes severe respiratory disease in infants and the elderly. The RSV genome encodes a small hydrophobic (SH) protein with viroporin activity. Previous studies have shown that recombinant BRSV lacking the SH gene (rBRSVΔSH) is attenuated in the lungs, but not in the upper respiratory tract, of calves and mucosal vaccination with rBRSVΔSH induced long-lasting protective immunity...
July 17, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713837/the-predictive-role-of-tooth-extractions-oral-infections-and-hs-c-reactive-protein-for-mortality-in-individuals-with-and-without-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-a-12-1-2-year-follow-up
#5
Lise Lund Håheim, Kjersti S Rønningen, Morten Enersen, Ingar Olsen
The predictive role of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), number of tooth extractions, and oral infections for mortality in people with and without diabetes is unclear. This prospective cohort study is a 12 1/2-year follow-up of the Oslo II study, a health survey in 2000. In all, 12,764 men were invited. Health information was retrieved from 6434 elderly men through questionnaire information, serum measurements, and anthropometric and blood pressure measurements. Diabetes was reported by 425 men...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712673/extract-critical-factors-affecting-the-length-of-hospital-stay-of-pneumonia-patient-by-data-mining-case-study-an-iranian-hospital
#6
Naghmeh Khajehali, Somayeh Alizadeh
MOTIVATION: Pneumonia is a prevalent infection of lower respiratory tract caused by infected lungs. Length of stay (LOS) in hospital is one of the simplest and most important indicators in hospital activity that is used for different purposes. The aim of this study is to explore the important factors affecting the LOS of patients with pneumonia in hospitals. METHODS: The clinical data set for the study were collected from 387 patients in a specialized hospital in Iran between 2009 and 2015...
July 13, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712204/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-corona-virus-alert-verification-in-mirpur-azad-kashmir
#7
Mumtaz Ali Khan, Muhammad Ishaq, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Asim Altaf, Mirza Aamir Baig, Safdar Rana, Jaleel Kamran, Muazam Abbas Ranjha, Jawad Asgher Rana
BACKGROUND: Middle East Respiratory-Corona virus (MERS-CoV), SARS like virus, identified in September 2012 in Middle-East. February 2013, an elderly man, who visited Pakistan and KSA, was confirmed as MRS-CoV in UK. A team visited Mirpur to assess current and past SARI trends in major indoor facilities, to explore possible contact of the patient with known or suspected SARI case during his stay in Pakistan and enlist close contacts. METHODS: Review of indoor records in hospitals, interviews with relatives & physicians and active contact tracing using operational case definition...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710491/ageing-and-latent-cmv-infection-impact-on-maturation-differentiation-and-exhaustion-profiles-of-t-cell-receptor-gammadelta-t-cells
#8
Martine J Kallemeijn, Anne Mieke H Boots, Michèle Y van der Klift, Elisabeth Brouwer, Wayel H Abdulahad, Jan A N Verhaar, Jacques J M van Dongen, Anton W Langerak
Ageing is a broad cellular process, largely affecting the immune system, especially T-lymphocytes. Additionally to immunosenescence alone, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is thought to have major impacts on T-cell subset composition and exhaustion. These impacts have been studied extensively in TCRαβ+ T-cells, with reduction in naive, increase in effector (memory) subsets and shifts in CD4/CD8-ratios, in conjunction with morbidity and mortality in elderly. Effects of both ageing and CMV on the TCRγδ+ T-cell compartment remain largely elusive...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709555/repeated-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-among-elderly-in-europe-effects-on-laboratory-confirmed-hospitalised-influenza
#9
Marc Rondy, Odile Launay, Jesus Castilla, Simona Costanzo, Joan Puig-Barberà, Giedre Gefenaite, Amparo Larrauri, Caterina Rizzo, Daniela Pitigoi, Ritva K Syrjänen, Ausenda Machado, Sanja Kurečić Filipović, Judit Krisztina Horváth, Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Sierk Marbus, Alain Moren
In Europe, annual influenza vaccination is recommended to elderly. From 2011 to 2014 and in 2015-16, we conducted a multicentre test negative case control study in hospitals of 11 European countries to measure influenza vaccine effectiveness (IVE) against laboratory confirmed hospitalised influenza among people aged ≥65years. We pooled four seasons data to measure IVE by past exposures to influenza vaccination. We swabbed patients admitted for clinical conditions related to influenza with onset of severe acute respiratory infection ≤7days before admission...
July 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708810/role-of-normalized-t-cell-subsets-in-predicting-comorbidities-in-a-large-cohort-of-geriatric-hiv-infected-patient
#10
A Calcagno, S Piconi, E Focà, S Nozza, F Carli, C Montrucchio, A M Cattelan, G Orofino, B M Celesia, V Morena, G V De Socio, G Guaraldi
BACKGROUND: Adults aging with HIV are at greater risk for several comorbidities. The CD4+ cell count and CD4+/CD8+ ratio often fail to normalize in elderly patients despite prolonged antiretroviral therapy; this has been associated with concomitant diseases and poor prognosis. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis in antiretroviral-treated HIV-positive patients aged ≥65 years. Aim of the study was to describe the predictors of normalized T cell subsets ("nT", CD4+/CD8+ ratio ≥1 and CD4+ ≥500 cells/uL) in a cohort of geriatric HIV-positive patients and its association with HIV-associated non-AIDS conditions (HANA)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705211/streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-due-to-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subspecies-equisimilis-in-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-a-case-report
#11
Makoto Sumazaki, Fumi Saito, Hideaki Ogata, Miho Yoshida, Yorichika Kubota, Syunsuke Magoshi, Hironori Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer-related lymphedema often causes cellulitis and is one of the most common complications after breast cancer surgery. Streptococci are the major pathogens underlying such cellulitis. Among the streptococci, the importance of the Lancefield groups C and G is underappreciated; most cases involve Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis. Despite having a relatively weak toxicity compared with group A streptococci, Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis is associated with a mortality rate that is as high as that of group A streptococci in cases of invasive infection because Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis mainly affects elderly individuals who already have various comorbidities...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702025/cellular-and-molecular-defects-underlying-invasive-fungal-infections-revelations-from-endemic-mycoses
#12
REVIEW
Pamela P Lee, Yu-Lung Lau
The global burden of fungal diseases has been increasing, as a result of the expanding number of susceptible individuals including people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hematopoietic stem cell or organ transplant recipients, patients with malignancies or immunological conditions receiving immunosuppressive treatment, premature neonates, and the elderly. Opportunistic fungal pathogens such as Aspergillus, Candida, Cryptococcus, Rhizopus, and Pneumocystis jiroveci are distributed worldwide and constitute the majority of invasive fungal infections (IFIs)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701087/epidemiological-characteristics-associated-with-uptake-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-among-older-adults-living-in-the-community-in-singapore-results-from-the-national-health-surveillance-survey-2013
#13
Li Wei Ang, Jeffery Cutter, Lyn James, Kee Tai Goh
AIMS: In Singapore, pneumococcal vaccination is recommended for the elderly (i.e. those ≥65 years of age) and people with chronic medical conditions. We investigated epidemiological characteristics associated with the uptake of pneumococcal vaccine based on a nationally representative cross-sectional sample of community-living adults aged ≥50 years. METHODS: The data were obtained from the National Health Surveillance Survey (NHSS) 2013. Associations between pneumococcal vaccination and sociodemographic and health-related variables were analysed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression models...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700679/aged-associated-cytomegalovirus-and-epstein-barr-virus-reactivation-and-cytomegalovirus-relationship-with-the-frailty-syndrome-in-older-women
#14
Ronaldo Luis Thomasini, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Fabiana Souza Máximo Pereira, Elvis Cueva Mateo, Thamires Nader Mota, Gabrielle Gontijo Guimarães, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira, Cristiano Xavier Lima, Mauro Martins Teixeira, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira
Immunosenescence is an age-related reduction of immune system activity that can be associated with frailty. This study aimed to compare cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivations (based on viremias) between young and elderly women who had a chronic CMV and/or EBV infection (i.e., an IgG+ serostatus) without an acute infection (i.e., an IgM- serostatus), and among the elderly group categorized according to frailty status. DNA was extracted from plasma using standard protocols and serostatus was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700495/immune-recovery-of-middle-aged-hiv-patients-following-antiretroviral-therapy-an-observational-cohort-study
#15
Ngai Sze Wong, Kenny Chi Wai Chan, Edward Ka Hin Cheung, Ka Hing Wong, Shui Shan Lee
In HIV-infected persons, age is negatively associated with optimal CD4 recovery following antiretroviral therapy. Our understanding of the situation in older adults, especially the middle-aged is, however, limited. We undertook to examine the latter's pattern of CD4/CD8 recovery following antiretroviral therapy.Retrospective clinical cohort data of HIV patients diagnosed between 1985 and 2014 in Hong Kong were collected. They were categorized by age at treatment initiation, viz., young adults (age 18-49), middle-aged (age 50-64), and elderly (≥65 years' old)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700153/-frequent-uro-geriatric-symptoms-helpful-tools-for-general-practitioners
#16
Guillaume Altwegg, Jacques Klein, Grégory Wirth, Christophe E Iselin
Each developed country faces an aging population. Increase of age rises the risk to develop urologic pathology especially in men. Routine investigation and diagnostic of urologic pathology important, however must take into account the patient in his globality (including age, comorbidities, drug medication as well as sociocultural environment). The aim of this article is to help the general practitioner in taking decisions with frequent uro-geriatric symptoms. Bladder catheterization remains an invasive treatment and indication should be regularly re-evaluated...
November 30, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699240/the-prevalence-of-peripheral-intravenous-cannulae-and-pattern-of-use-a-point-prevalence-in-a-private-hospital-setting
#17
Kelvin Wong, Alannah Cooper, Janie Brown, Leanne Boyd, Michele Levinson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence and pattern of use of peripheral intravenous cannula (PIVC) in hospital wards. BACKGROUND: PIVC are commonly used in acute health care to directly access the bloodstream for the administration of medications, intravenous fluids (IVF) and blood products. PIVC are associated with multiple adverse events including hospital acquired bloodstream infection, thrombophlebitis, and pain/discomfort. Administration of IVF is associated with impaired mobility and nocturia which may increase falls risk in the elderly...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699225/intensive-consolidation-with-g-csf-support-tolerability-safety-reduced-hospitalization-and-efficacy-in-aml-patients-%C3%A2-60-years
#18
Wolfgang R Sperr, Susanne Herndlhofer, Karoline Gleixner, Michael Girschikofsky, Ansgar Weltermann, Sigrid Machherndl-Spandl, Thamer Sliwa, Rainer Poehnl, Veronika Buxhofer-Ausch, Karin Strecker, Gregor Hoermann, Paul Knoebl, Ulrich Jaeger, Klaus Geissler, Michael Kundi, Peter Valent
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of intensified consolidation therapy employing fludarabine and ARA-C in cycle 1 and intermediate-dose ARA-C (IDAC) in cycles 2 through 4, in elderly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and to analyze the effects of pegfilgrastim on the duration of neutropenia, overall toxicity, and hospitalisation-time during consolidation in these patients. Thirty nine elderly patients with de novo AML (median age 69.9 years) who achieved complete remission (CR) after induction-chemotherapy were analyzed...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696597/-sepsis-particularities-in-the-elderly-patients
#19
Xavier Roux, Benedikt Huttner, Jérôme Pugin, Virginie Prendki, Jean-Luc Reny
Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to an infection. The clinical presentation of sepsis in the elderly is very variable and sepsis is therefore challenging to diagnose in this population. The new sepsis definitions published in 2016, which are based on objective clinical and biological scores, should lead to earlier recognition and diagnosis. Treatment should start as soon as possible because the specific pathophysiological changes of aging increase the risk of a sudden deterioration to septic shock...
November 9, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690634/preventive-effect-of-rifampicin-on-alzheimer-disease-needs-at-least-450-mg-daily-for-1-year-an-fdg-pet-follow-up-study
#20
Tomomichi Iizuka, Kozo Morimoto, Yuka Sasaki, Masashi Kameyama, Atsuyuki Kurashima, Kazumasa Hayasaka, Hideo Ogata, Hajime Goto
BACKGROUND: Rifampicin was reported to inhibit amyloid-β oligomerization and tau hyperphosphorylation in mouse models and could serve as a promising available medicine for the prevention of Alzheimer disease (AD). To examine whether rifampicin has such preventive effects in humans, we retrospectively reviewed (18)F-FDG-PET findings of elderly patients with mycobacterium infection treated with rifampicin. METHODS: Forty nondemented elderly patients treated with rifampicin for mycobacterium infections who showed AD-type hypometabolism were enrolled...
May 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
keyword
keyword
21294
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"