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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169167/structural-pulmonary-abnormalities-still-evident-in-schoolchildren-with-new-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#1
Eveliina Ronkainen, Marja Perhomaa, Lauri Mattila, Mikko Hallman, Teija Dunder
BACKGROUND: A new pattern of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has emerged with the improved survival of preterm children. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to characterize structural abnormalities associated with new BPD and to evaluate whether the severity of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) changes is associated with lung function. METHODS: HRCT scans were performed on 21 schoolchildren with a history of new BPD (mild, n = 9; moderate, n = 4; and severe, n = 8) with a mean age of 12...
November 24, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168335/prostate-cancer-biomarkers-new-scenarios-in-the-multi-parametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-era
#2
EDITORIAL
Francesco Porpiglia, Stefano De Luca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167985/short-term-outcome-after-cystectomy-comparison-of-early-oral-feeding-in-an-enhanced-recovery-protocol-and-feeding-using-bengmark-nasojejunal-tube
#3
C S Voskuilen, E E Fransen van de Putte, J Bloos-van der Hulst, E van Werkhoven, W M de Blok, B W G van Rhijn, S Horenblas, R P Meijer
PURPOSE: Cystectomy for bladder cancer is associated with a high risk of postoperative complications. Standardized perioperative protocols, such as enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols, aim to improve postoperative outcome. Postoperative feeding strategies are an important part of these protocols. In this two-centre study, we compared complications and length of hospital stay (LOS) between an ERAS protocol with early oral nutrition and a protocol with early enteral feeding with a Bengmark nasojejunal tube...
November 22, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167601/tectonic-evolution-and-paleokarstification-of-carbonate-rocks-in-the-paleozoic-tarim-basin
#4
Xuhui Xu, Qianglu Chen, Chenglin Chu, Guorong Li, Cunge Liu, Zheng Shi
Thick carbonate rocks were developed in the depression of the Tarim craton during the Cambrian-Middle Ordovician periods. The compressional tectonic movement during the Middle Caledonian-Hercynian created the paleouplifts, which became the base for the paleokarst in the Ordovician carbonate rocks. Based on the large quantity of seismic, drilling, and geological outcrop data, this study analyzed the paleokarst development in relation to the multi-stage tectonic movements in the Paleozoic Era and different stages of karstification and hypothesized paleogeomorphology and paleokarst water system of those stages...
2017: Carbonates and Evaporites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167467/chinese-co2-emission-flows-have-reversed-since-the-global-financial-crisis
#5
Zhifu Mi, Jing Meng, Dabo Guan, Yuli Shan, Malin Song, Yi-Ming Wei, Zhu Liu, Klaus Hubacek
This study seeks to estimate the carbon implications of recent changes in China's economic development patterns and role in global trade in the post-financial-crisis era. We utilised the latest socioeconomic datasets to compile China's 2012 multiregional input-output (MRIO) table. Environmentally extended input-output analysis and structural decomposition analysis (SDA) were applied to investigate the driving forces behind changes in CO2 emissions embodied in China's domestic and foreign trade from 2007 to 2012...
November 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167420/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-hepatitis-b-virus-reactivation-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-in-an-era-with-novel-agents-a-nationwide-retrospective-study-in-japan
#6
Yutaka Tsukune, Makoto Sasaki, Takeshi Odajima, Kazutaka Sunami, Tomomi Takei, Yukiyoshi Moriuchi, Masaki Iino, Atsushi Isoda, Aya Nakaya, Tsuyoshi Muta, Takaaki Miyake, Koji Miyazaki, Takayuki Shimizu, Kei Nakajima, Aiko Igarashi, Koji Nagafuji, Taro Kurihara, Tomonori Aoyama, Hiroki Sugimori, Norio Komatsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167226/surgical-enlargement-of-the-aortic-root-does-not-increase-the-operative-risk-of-aortic-valve-replacement
#7
Rodolfo V Rocha, Cedric Manlhiot, Christopher M Feindel, Terrence M Yau, Brigitte Mueller, Tirone E David, Maral Ouzounian
Background -Surgical aortic root enlargement (ARE) during aortic valve replacement (AVR) allows for larger prosthesis implantation and may be an important adjunct to surgical AVR in the transcatheter valve-in-valve era. The incremental operative risk of adding ARE to AVR has not been established. We sought to evaluate the early outcomes of patients undergoing AVR with or without ARE. Methods -From January 1990 to August 2014, 7039 patients underwent AVR (AVR + ARE, n=1854; AVR, n=5185) at a single institution...
November 22, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166670/age-related-differences-in-the-respiratory-microbiota-of-chickens
#8
Laura Glendinning, Gerry McLachlan, Lonneke Vervelde
In this era of next generation sequencing technologies it is now possible to characterise the chicken respiratory microbiota without the biases inherent to traditional culturing techniques. However, little research has been performed in this area. In this study we characterise and compare buccal, nasal and lung microbiota samples from chickens in three different age groups using 16S rRNA gene analysis. Buccal and nasal swabs were taken from birds aged 2 days (n = 5), 3 weeks (n = 5) and 30 months (n = 6). Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples were also collected alongside reagent only controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166504/moderate-to-severe-psoriasis-treatment-challenges-through-the-era-of-biological-drugs
#9
Júlia Vide, Sofia Magina
Biological therapy has revolutionized moderate to severe psoriasis treatment. However, despite being more effective than conventional systemic treatments, some patients do not respond or lose response to biotechnological treatments or develop drug-antibodies, interfering with its safety and efficacy. There are also clinical forms of the disease and patient profiles for which is pending further scientific evidence for more sustained therapeutic interventions. The continuous and more detailed knowledge of psoriasis pathophysiology has allowed identifying new therapeutic targets, which is expected to help overcome the challenges of individualized psoriasis treatment...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166352/more-learners-finite-resources-and-the-changing-landscape-of-procedural-training-at-the-bedside
#10
Michael A Gisondi, Linda Regan, Jeremy Branzetti, Laura R Hopson
There is growing competition for non-operative, procedural training in teaching hospitals, due to an increased number of individuals seeking to learn procedures from a finite number of appropriate teaching cases. Procedural training is required by students, post-graduate learners, and practicing providers who must maintain their skills. These learner groups are growing in size as the number of medical schools increase and advance practice providers expand their skills to include complex procedures. These various learner needs occur against a background of advancing therapeutic techniques that improve patient care, but also act to reduce the overall numbers of procedures available to learners...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166151/biomarkers-and-imaging-of-breast-cancer
#11
Olena Weaver, Jessica W T Leung
OBJECTIVE: The goals of this review are to provide background information on the definitions and applications of the general term "biomarker" and to highlight the specific roles of breast imaging biomarkers in research and clinical breast cancer care. A search was conducted of the main electronic biomedical databases (PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, MEDLINE [Ovid], Scopus, and Web of Science). The search was focused on review literature in general radiology and biomedical sciences and on reviews and primary research articles on biomarkers in breast imaging over the 15 years ending in June 2017...
November 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165942/-delegation-of-medico-administrative-tasks-what-do-medical-interns-and-secretaries-think
#12
Julien Castioni, Angélique Hagenbuch, Johann Tâche, Milva Cappai, Milica Jovanovic, Claudio Sartori
The hospital activity of physicians in training mainly consists in direct contacts with patients, tasks indirectly linked to patients such as administration, as well as clinical and theoretical training. In our era of digitalization, an important administrative work load without any added medical value fills their daily chores. In parallel activities of medical secretaries are getting more partitioned, with their desks situated far from physicians' and tasks often limited to finalizing discharge letters. Added to multiple overtime, this reduces physicians' and secretaries' work satisfaction...
November 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165684/can-biomarkers-advance-hiv-research-and-care-in-the-art-era
#13
Amy C Justice, Kristine M Erlandson, Paolo G Miotti, Alan Landay, Peter W Hunt, Russell P Tracy
Despite achieving HIV-1 RNA suppression below levels of detection and, for most, improved CD4 counts, those aging with HIV experience excess low-level inflammation, hypercoagulability, and immune dysfunction (chronic inflammation) compared to demographically and behaviorally similar uninfected individuals. A host of biomarkers that are linked to chronic inflammation are also associated with HIV-associated non-AIDS events including cardiovascular disease, many forms of cancer, liver disease, renal disease, neurocognitive decline, and osteoporosis...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165505/-evolutionary-interactions-as-a-possible-mechanism-of-drug-interactions-an-approach-to-the-control-of-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria
#14
Héctor Holguín, Pedro Amariles, William Ospina
In the 21st century, the world is facing a post-antibiotic era, in which the appearance of infections with a minor or no therapeutic alternative is common. In this context, it is essential to implement measures that optimize the available therapeutic tool, thus generating new strategies that strengthen the fight against growing bacterial resistance. The evolutionary interactions suggest that the development of sensitivity or resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial will have an inverse effect (collateral sensitivity) or similar (cross resistance) in a second antimicrobial that is involved in this system...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164762/recalibrated-meld-and-hepatic-encephalopathy-are-prognostic-factors-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-acute-variceal-bleeding
#15
Marika Rudler, Christophe Bureau, Nicolas Carbonell, Philippe Mathurin, Faouzi Saliba, Arianne Mallat, Julien Massard, Jean-Louis Golmard, Brigitte Bernard-Chabert, Nina Dib, Dominique Thabut
BACKGROUND: Early TIPS placement must be considered in patients with Child-Pugh B and active bleeding at endoscopy or in patients with Child-Pugh C 10-13 and variceal bleeding. However, active bleeding at endoscopy is a subjective criterion. Moreover, a previous study has shown that a MELD-based score accurately predicted 6-week mortality and helped to stratify patients. Using a prospective series of patients included in a multicentre study before the era of early TIPS, we aimed (1) to identify factors associated with 6-week mortality, focusing on the prognostic value of active bleeding; and (2) to assess whether a recalibrated MELD-based score accurately predicted 6-week mortality...
November 22, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164568/cystic-hygroma-of-the-neck-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#16
C Damaskos, N Garmpis, M Manousi, A Garmpi, G-A Margonis, E Spartalis, C Doula, C Michail-Strantzia, N Patelis, D Schizas, P-T Arkoumanis, N Andreatos, G Tsourouflis, N Zavras, K Markatos, K Kontzoglou, E A Antoniou
OBJECTIVE: Malformations of the lymphatic system are recognized as benign congenital tumors that affect infant and children in the perinatal era. In children, these abnormalities usually found in the neck and the axillary region, but they can present in other parts of the body such as mediastinum, pelvis, retroperitoneum as well as in solid organs (e.g., adrenal glands, pancreas, stomach). Our aim is to report our experience on cystic hygromas via two cases and review the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Herein we present two cases of cystic hygroma, the first of female children and the second of a female adult patient respectively...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164541/-the-application-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-in-nursing-education
#17
Shwu-Fen Chiou, Hsiu-Chuan Su, Ean-Wen Huang
With the rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the 21st century, all walks of life have experienced disruptive changes, including the healthcare profession. Although nurses represent the largest number of professionals in medical institutions, it is doubtful whether nurses possess sufficient capabilities to face challenges in this era of rapid medical informatization. Currently, the courses necessary to cultivate information literacy in nursing students are insufficient in Taiwan, and traditional instruction methods are largely adopted as nursing teaching strategies...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164517/the-mycoestrogen-zearalenone-in-portuguese-flowing-waters-and-its-potential-environmental-impact
#18
Célia S M Laranjeiro, Liliana João Gatões da Silva, André M P T Pereira, Angelina Pena, Celeste M Lino
This study provides the first environmental risk assessment (ERA) for zearalenone (ZEN), the only known mycoestrogen, based on a broad-scale investigation on its occurrence in rivers and creeks from Portugal. Water sample filtration and immunoaffinity columns (IAC) clean-up followed by liquid chromatograph with tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS (n) ) provided an analytical method with good analytical performance. ZEN levels were determined for seven Portuguese rivers and one creek, during two different seasons, in a total of 38 samples collected upstream wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs)...
November 21, 2017: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164471/the-era-of-human-induced-diseases
#19
EDITORIAL
Anne-Lise Chaber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164408/long-term-clinical-outcome-of-early-generation-versus-new-generation-drug-eluting-stents-in-481-patients-undergoing-rotational-atherectomy-a-retrospective-analysis
#20
Abdelhakim Allali, Erik W Holy, Dmitry S Sulimov, Ralph Toelg, Gert Richardt, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab
INTRODUCTION: New-generation drug-eluting stents (NG-DES) are superior to early generation DES (EG-DES) in the majority of lesion and patient subsets, but comparative data in patients with severely calcified coronary lesions are lacking. This study aims to compare clinical outcomes of EG-DES and NG-DES in patients undergoing rotational atherectomy (RA) in calcified lesions. METHODS: Data of 268 patients (288 lesions) treated with EG-DES and 213 patients (225 lesions) receiving NG-DES after RA were retrospectively analyzed from a single-center registry...
November 21, 2017: Cardiology and Therapy
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