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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151197/impact-of-the-dapivirine-vaginal-ring-on-sexual-experiences-and-intimate-partnerships-of-women-in-an-hiv-prevention-clinical-trial-managing-ring-detection-and-hot-sex
#1
Nicole D Laborde, Elizabeth Pleasants, Krishnaveni Reddy, Millicent Atujuna, Teopista Nakyanzi, Miria Chitukuta, Sarita Naidoo, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Jared M Baeten, Elizabeth T Montgomery
Vaginally-inserted HIV prevention methods have been reported to impact the sexual experience for women and their partners, and hence impacts acceptability of and adherence to the method. We analyzed in-depth interviews and focus group discussions about participants' sexual experiences while wearing the ring, collected during the MTN-020/ASPIRE phase 3 safety and effectiveness trial of a dapivirine vaginal ring for HIV prevention in Malawi, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Most women reported that partners did not feel the ring during sex, however, women felt they had to manage their partners' interaction with or reaction to the ring...
November 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149602/specification-of-physiologic-and-disease-states-by-distinct-proteins-and-protein-conformations
#2
REVIEW
Daniel F Jarosz, Vikram Khurana
Protein conformational states-from intrinsically disordered ensembles to amyloids that underlie the self-templating, infectious properties of prion-like proteins-have attracted much attention. Here, we highlight the diversity, including differences in biophysical properties, that drive distinct biological functions and pathologies among self-templating proteins. Advances in chemical genomics, gene editing, and model systems now permit deconstruction of the complex interplay between these protein states and the host factors that react to them...
November 16, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149538/psychologic-intimate-partner-violence-and-the-risk-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rio-de-janeiro
#3
Gustavo Lobato, Michael E Reichenheim, Claudia L Moraes, Fernando M Peixoto-Filho, Lívia S Migowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether psychologic intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 810 randomly selected mothers of infants younger than 5 months attending basic health services in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from January to July 2007. Psychologic and physical IPV were evaluated by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; IUGR was defined as below the 10th percentile of the Alexander curve...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145594/wellbeing-of-gay-fathers-with-children-born-through-surrogacy-a-comparison-with-lesbian-mother-families-and-heterosexual-ivf-parent-families
#4
L Van Rijn-van Gelderen, H W M Bos, T D Jorgensen, K Ellis-Davies, A Winstanley, S Golombok, B Rubio, M Gross, O Vecho, M E Lamb
STUDY QUESTION: Are there differences in levels of parental wellbeing (parental stress, psychological adjustment and partner relationship satisfaction) between gay-father families with infants born through surrogacy, lesbian-mother families with infants born through donor insemination, and heterosexual-parent families with infants born through IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER: There were no differences in parental wellbeing. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The only other study of parental wellbeing in gay-father families formed through surrogacy (mean age children: 4 years old) found no difference in couple relationship satisfaction between these families and lesbian-mother families formed through donor insemination and heterosexual-parent families formed without assisted reproductive technologies...
November 14, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140526/risk-and-protective-factors-for-family-violence-among-low-income-fathers-implications-for-violence-prevention-and-fatherhood-programs
#5
R Anna Hayward, Laura Honegger, Amy Cristina Hammock
Over the last decade there has been an increased focus on improving father engagement to improve child and family outcomes. Recent research suggests that child and family outcomes improve with increased fatherhood engagement. This exploratory study examined risk and protective factors associated with approval of family violence among a sample of low-income fathers (N = 686) enrolled in a responsible fatherhood program. The program goals include increasing father involvement and economic stability and encouraging healthy relationships-with a focus on preventing intimate partner violence...
November 13, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138279/the-secreted-neurotrophin-sp%C3%A3-tzle-3-promotes-glial-morphogenesis-and-supports-neuronal-survival-and-function
#6
Jaeda C Coutinho-Budd, Amy E Sheehan, Marc R Freeman
Most glial functions depend on establishing intimate morphological relationships with neurons. Significant progress has been made in understanding neuron-glia signaling at synaptic and axonal contacts, but how glia support neuronal cell bodies is unclear. Here we explored the growth and functions of Drosophila cortex glia (which associate almost exclusively with neuronal cell bodies) to understand glia-soma interactions. We show that cortex glia tile with one another and with astrocytes to establish unique central nervous system (CNS) spatial domains that actively restrict glial growth, and selective ablation of cortex glia causes animal lethality...
November 14, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136106/cell-type-specific-burst-firing-interacts-with-theta-and-beta-activity-in-prefrontal-cortex-during-attention-states
#7
B Voloh, T Womelsdorf
Population-level theta and beta band activity in anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortices (ACC/PFC) are prominent signatures of self-controlled, adaptive behaviors. But how these rhythmic activities are linked to cell-type specific activity has remained unclear. Here, we suggest such a cell-to-systems level linkage. We found that the rate of burst spiking events is enhanced particularly during attention states and that attention-specific burst spikes have a unique temporal relationship to local theta and beta band population-level activities...
November 9, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134325/spatial-context-and-health-inequity-reconfiguring-race-place-and-poverty
#8
Elizabeth L Tung, Kathleen A Cagney, Monica E Peek, Marshall H Chin
Intimate connections among race, place, and poverty are increasingly featured in the health disparities literature. However, few models exist that can guide our understanding of these interconnections. We build on the Chicago School of Sociology's contributions in urban research and one of its contemporary elaborations, often described as the "neighborhood effects approach," to propose a three-axis model of health inequity. This model, in alignment with Chicago School theory, postulates a dynamic and adaptive relationship between spatial context and health inequity...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132284/love-matters-exploring-conceptions-of-love-in-rwanda-and-swaziland-and-relationship-to-hiv-and-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Allison Ruark, Erin Stern, Thandeka Dlamini-Simelane, Marie Fidele Kakuze
Health risks such as intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV infection often occur within intimate sexual relationships, yet the study of love and intimacy is largely absent from health research on African populations. This study explores how women and men in Rwanda and Swaziland understand and represent love in their intimate sexual partnerships. In Rwanda, 58 in-depth interviews with 15 couples, 12 interviews with activists, and 24 focus group discussions were carried out during formative and evaluative research of the Indashyikirwa programme, which aims to reduce IPV and support healthy couple relationships...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132281/constrained-relationship-agency-as-the-risk-factor-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-different-models-of-transactional-sex
#10
Rebecca Fielding-Miller, Kristin Dunkle
Women who engage in transactional sex are more likely to experience intimate partner violence (IPV) and are at higher risk of HIV. However, women engage in transactional sex for a variety of reasons and the precise mechanism linking transactional sex and IPV is not fully understood. We conducted a behavioural survey with a cross-sectional sample of 401 women attending 1 rural and 1 urban public antenatal clinic in Swaziland between February and June 2014. We used structural equation modelling to identify and measure constrained relationship agency (CRA) as a latent variable, and then tested the hypothesis that CRA plays a significant role in the pathway between IPV and transactional sex...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129122/convergence-and-divergence-an-analysis-of-mechanical-restraints
#11
Jean Daniel Jacob, Dave Holmes, Désiré Rioux, Pascale Corneau, Colleen MacPhee
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric nurses are regularly confronted with the uses and effects of control interventions such as mechanical restraints. Although there are evident tensions in the literature regarding the use of mechanical restraints, very little research has focused on the lived and embodied experience of their use, whether from the patient's perspective or the perspective of nursing staff responsible for their application. Research aims: (1) to gain access to the bodily phenomenon of being placed in mechanical restraints; (2) to give voice to the intimate experiential understanding of this experience; and (3) through phenomenological interpretation, to understand the subjective processes and meaning-making of this experience...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128271/predictors-of-patient-and-partner-satisfaction-following-radical-prostatectomy
#12
REVIEW
Cailey Guercio, Akanksha Mehta
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer adversely affects the physical and emotional well-being of patients and partners and has been associated with sexual dysfunction in patients and their intimate partners. AIM: To identify predictors of sexual satisfaction in prostate cancer survivors and their partners based on a review of the current literature. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive review of the PubMed database from January 2000 to May 2017 focused on the (i) prevalence of patient and partner sexual dysfunction related to radical prostatectomy, (ii) differences in patient and partner perspectives of sexual function and dysfunction, and (iii) predictors of patient and partner sexual satisfaction after radical prostatectomy...
November 8, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122644/a-neo-virus-lifestyle-exhibited-by-a-ssrna-virus-hosted-in-an-unrelated-dsrna-virus-taxonomic-and-evolutionary-considerations
#13
REVIEW
Sakae Hisano, Rui Zhang, Md Iqbal Faruk, Hideki Kondo, Nobuhiro Suzuki
Recent studies illustrate that fungi as virus hosts provides a unique platform for hunting viruses and exploring virus/virus and virus/host interactions. Such studies have revealed a number of as-yet-unreported viruses and virus/virus interactions. Among them is a unique intimate relationship between a (+)ssRNA virus, yado-kari virus (YkV1) and an unrelated dsRNA virus, yado-nushi virus (YnV1). YkV1 dsRNA, a replicated form of YkV1, and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, are trans-encapsidated by the capsid protein of YnV1...
November 6, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119129/aging-partners-managing-chronic-illness-together-introducing-the-content-collection
#14
Alexandra C H Nowakowski, J E Sumerau
Prior literature on illness management within intimate relationships demonstrates a variety of benefits from supportive partnership. Indeed, much of the earliest research in this field engaged older adults with and without chronic conditions. However, this pioneering literature gave little consideration to relationships in which multiple partners were coping with chronic illness. By contrast, the majority of published manuscripts presented a "sick partner/well partner" model in which caregiving flowed only in one direction...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111310/everyday-couples-communication-research-overcoming-methodological-barriers-with-technology
#15
Maija Reblin, Richard E Heyman, Lee Ellington, Brian R W Baucom, Panayiotis G Georgiou, Susan T Vadaparampil
Relationship behaviors contribute to compromised health or resilience. Everyday communication between intimate partners represents the vast majority of their interactions. When intimate partners take on new roles as patients and caregivers, everyday communication takes on a new and important role in managing both the transition and the adaptation to the change in health status. However, everyday communication and its relation to health has been little studied, likely due to barriers in collecting and processing this kind of data...
October 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108507/-they-love-us-just-the-way-they-love-a-woman-gender-identity-power-and-transactional-sex-between-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-timor-leste
#16
Hamish Niven, Hayden Jose, Patrick Rawstorne, Sally Nathan
There has been limited research on the experiences of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Previous research has suggested a phenomenon by which same-sex-attracted men and transgender women have sexual and intimate relationships with straight-identifying men or mane-forte. Transactional sex has also been reported to be common. This paper, which complements a larger national size estimation among key populations at risk of HIV, further investigates sexual and social identities and roles, including sexual practices, among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste...
November 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104021/police-violence-among-women-in-four-u-s-cities
#17
Lisa Fedina, Bethany L Backes, Hyun-Jin Jun, Roma Shah, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link, Jordan E DeVylder
Police violence has been identified as a public health concern in the U.S., yet few studies have assessed the prevalence and nature of police violence among women. Furthermore, increasing evidence suggests that women reporting intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) to police are often met with harmful or neglectful police responses and thus, women's exposures to police violence may be associated with experiences of IPV and SV; however, this has not yet been empirically tested. This study assesses lifetime prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of police violence among women and investigates potential associations between IPV, SV, and police violence...
November 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100611/saving-the-birds-oliver-l-austin-s-collaboration-with-japanese-scientists-in-revising-wildlife-policies-in-us-occupied-japan-1946-1950
#18
Annika A Culver
In postwar Tokyo, ornithologist Oliver L. Austin's leadership of the Wildlife Branch of the Natural Resources Section (NRS) for the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP) serves as an intriguing lens into the reconstruction of Japanese conservation activities. His experiences as a scientist working on wildlife policies in US-occupied Korea (1945-1946) and Japan (1946-1949) illuminate the war's impact on individuals and their environment. Austin collaborated closely with elite Japanese colleagues, despite their ruined laboratories, burnt collections, inadequate shelter, and despair...
October 31, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098784/describing-the-healthcare-experiences-and-strategies-of-women-survivors-of-violence
#19
Elizabeth A Reeves, Janice C Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Survivors of traumatic life events are at increased risk for an array of negative health consequences, which can be complicated when distressing healthcare experiences act as a barrier to accessing needed care. Implications for trauma-informed and sensitive practice are well established, but evidence to-date on survivors' healthcare experiences and patient engagement is limited. DESIGN: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to develop knowledge on women survivors' healthcare experiences and strategies...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098627/exercise-training-and-epigenetic-regulation-multilevel-modification-and-regulation-of-gene-expression
#20
Ursula Paula Renó Soci, Stephano Freitas Soares Melo, João Lucas Penteado Gomes, André Casanova Silveira, Clara Nóbrega, Edilamar Menezes de Oliveira
Exercise training elicits acute and adaptive long term changes in human physiology that mediate the improvement of performance and health state. The responses are integrative and orchestrated by several mechanisms, as gene expression. Gene expression is essential to construct the adaptation of the biological system to exercise training, since there are molecular processes mediating oxidative and non-oxidative metabolism, angiogenesis, cardiac and skeletal myofiber hypertrophy, and other processes that leads to a greater physiological status...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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