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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324796/individual-mental-health-life-course-events-and-dynamic-neighbourhood-change-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#1
Noli Brazil, William A V Clark
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examines the relationship between significant changes in neighbourhood poverty during the transition to adulthood and shifts in depressive symptoms. We found that associations between changes in neighbourhood poverty and mental health disappeared after controlling for contemporaneous life course events, specifically transitions associated with intimate relationship building and human capital formation. The exception is a decrease in depressive symptoms for females moving into lower poverty neighbourhoods across the entire transition to adulthood period...
March 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320078/comparison-of-the-sensitivity-to-change-of-the-36-item-short-form-health-survey-and-the-lupusqol-using-various-definitions-of-minimal-clinically-important-differences-in-patients-with-active-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#2
Stephanie G Nantes, Vibeke Strand, Jiandong Su, Zahi Touma
OBJECTIVES: Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36 (SF-36) and LupusQoL are Health-Related Quality-of-Life (HRQoL) questionnaires used in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We determined the hypothesis testing construct validity of SF-36 and LupusQoL against disease activity in patients with active SLE and 2) compared the sensitivity to change of SF-36 and LupusQoL domains according to different definitions of Minimal Clinically Important Differences (MCID) for improvement and worsening in the current cohort...
March 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319692/development-and-properties-of-a-brief-scale-to-assess-intimate-partner-relationship-in-the-postnatal-period
#3
Karen Wynter, Thach Duc Tran, Heather Rowe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Poor quality intimate partner relationship is associated with postnatal depression and anxiety among women. Existing scales assessing the quality of this relationship are long and measure stable aspects of the relationship rather than specific behaviours which may respond to targeted interventions. The aim was to develop and investigate the properties of a brief, life stage-specific scale to assess potentially modifiable partner behaviours in the postpartum period. METHODS: Participants were primiparous women from diverse geographical and socio-economic backgrounds in Victoria, Australia...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318411/predicting-a-dissociative-disorder-from-type-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-abuser-abused-relational-tie
#4
Christa Krüger, Lizelle Fletcher
We investigate the types of childhood maltreatment and abuser-abused relational ties that best predict a dissociative disorder (DD). Psychiatric inpatients (n = 116; mean age = 35; F:M = 1.28:1) completed measures of dissociation and trauma. Abuse type and abuser-abused relational ties were recorded in the Traumatic Experiences Questionnaire. Multidisciplinary team clinical diagnosis or administration of the SCID-D-R to high dissociators confirmed DD diagnoses. Logit models described the relationships between abuser-abused relational tie and the diagnostic grouping of patients, DD present (n = 16) or DD absent (n = 100)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317513/trait-anger-and-partner-specific-anger-management-moderate-the-temporal-association-between-alcohol-use-and-dating-violence
#5
Ryan C Shorey, James K McNulty, Todd M Moore, Gregory L Stuart
OBJECTIVE: Research demonstrates alcohol temporally precedes and increases the odds of violence between intimate partners. However, despite an extensive theoretical literature on factors that likely moderate the relationship between alcohol and dating violence, minimal empirical research has examined such moderators. METHOD: The purpose of the present study was to examine two potential moderators of this association: trait anger and partner-specific anger management...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316178/-relationship-between-multi-slice-spiral-ct-angiography-imaging-features-and-in-hospital-death-of-patients-with-aortic-dissection
#6
Z Y Xiao, H J Wang, C L Yao, G R Gu, Y Xue, J Yin, J Chen, C Zhang, C Y Tong, Z J Song
Objective: To explore the imaging manifestations of multi-slice spiral CT angiography (CTA) and relationship with in-hospital death in patients with aortic dissection (AD). Methods: The clinical data of 429 patients with AD who underwent CTA in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University between January 2009 and January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. AD patients were divided into 2 groups, including operation group who underwent surgery or interventional therapy (370 cases) and non-operation group who underwent medical conservative treatment(59 cases)...
March 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301763/lovesick-how-couples-relationships-influence-health
#7
Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser, Stephanie J Wilson
This review highlights recent advances in research addressing intimate partner relationships and health. Consideration of the strong mutual influences that the members of a couple have on each other's mental and physical health trajectories provides a new way to view the health implications of couples' convergence or interdependence; marital closeness can have a clear downside when one partner has mental or physical health problems. Couples' interconnectedness can also be leveraged to promote better treatment outcomes...
March 16, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301038/shame-dissociation-and-complex-ptsd-symptoms-in-traumatized-psychiatric-and-control-groups-direct-and-indirect-associations-with-relationship-distress
#8
Martin J Dorahy, Mary Corry, Rebecca Black, Laura Matheson, Holly Coles, David Curran, Lenaire Seager, Warwick Middleton, Kevin F W Dyer
OBJECTIVES: Elevated shame and dissociation are common in dissociative identity disorder (DID) and chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and are part of the constellation of symptoms defined as complex PTSD. Previous work examined the relationship between shame, dissociation, and complex PTSD and whether they are associated with intimate relationship anxiety, relationship depression, and fear of relationships. This study investigated these variables in traumatized clinical samples and a nonclinical community group...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298129/a-rural-shelter-in-ontario-adapting-to-address-the-changing-needs-of-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence-a-qualitative-case-study
#9
Tara Mantler, Barat Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem, with shelters offering the predominant community-based solution. Shelters in Canada are mandated to provide a safe place, protection planning, advocacy and counseling among other services. Recently it has been noted the role of the shelter was shifting from an inpatient to outpatient model with a focus on increased integration of health and social services. This changing role of the shelter is amplified within the rural context where resources and cultural norms may be limited or incompatible with help-seeking behaviors...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291482/understanding-post-deployment-reintegration-concerns-among-en-route-care-nurses-a-mixed-methods-approach
#10
Felecia M Rivers, Susan Dukes, Jennifer Hatzfeld, Linda H Yoder, Sandra Gordon, Angela Simmons
The objective of this study was to better understand the post-deployment behavior health symptoms and readjustment/reintegration experienced by military nurses who provided en route care while serving in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom. Employing an exploratory, concurrent, mixed-methods design with an electronic survey consisting of several valid instruments and single, face-to-face interviews; data were gathered from 119 surveys and 22 interviews. Four qualitative themes aligned with the Post-Deployment Readjustment Inventory items...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#11
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289397/are-older-adults-less-embodied-a-review-of-age-effects-through-the-lens-of-embodied-cognition
#12
REVIEW
Matthew C Costello, Emily K Bloesch
Embodied cognition is a theoretical framework which posits that cognitive function is intimately intertwined with the body and physical actions. Although the field of psychology is increasingly accepting embodied cognition as a viable theory, it has rarely been employed in the gerontological literature. However, embodied cognition would appear to have explanatory power for aging research given that older adults typically manifest concurrent physical and mental changes, and that research has indicated a correlative relationship between such changes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282597/intimate-partner-violence-and-the-overlap-of-perpetration-and-victimization-considering-the-influence-of-physical-sexual-and-emotional-abuse-in-childhood
#13
Tara N Richards, Marie Skubak Tillyer, Emily M Wright
Using data from Wave 4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examined the independent relationship of childhood maltreatment type (emotional, sexual, physical) on IPV victimization and perpetration; then mutually exclusive categories of IPV involvement (victimization, perpetration, and victimization/perpetration) were investigated. IPV victimization and perpetration were assessed using items from the revised Conflict Tactics Scales. A series of binary regression models and multinomial regression models were estimated...
March 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279890/the-impact-of-genital-self-image-on-sexual-function-in-women-with-pelvic-floor-disorders
#14
Jonathan E Handelzalts, Tal Yaakobi, Sigal Levy, Yoav Peled, Arnon Wiznitzer, Haim Krissi
OBJECTIVE: There is conflicting evidence regarding the impact of urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse on overall sexual function. However, psychological variables thought to be associated with sexual function, have not been fully explored. We assessed the sexual functioning of women with pelvic floor disorders while measuring for psychological factors such as distress and genital self-image. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, 155 women in an urogynecology outpatient clinic of a tertiary health center completed a demographic questionnaire, the Brief Symptom Index-18 (BSI-18), Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 (PFDI-20), Genital Self-Image Scale-20 (GSIS-20) and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
February 28, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278022/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-female-genital-cutting-among-west-african-male-immigrants-in-new-york-city
#15
Adeyinka M Akinsulure-Smith, Tracy Chu
In this project, we explored knowledge and attitudes towards FGC in a survey of 107 West African immigrants, including 36 men. Men in this study were as knowledgeable about the health consequences of FGC as women, though with a less nuanced understanding. They also rejected the practice at rates comparable to women. Despite this knowledge and rejection of FGC, most men did not express a personal preference for women with or without FGC in intimate relationships. Future research and interventions must explore men's opposition to FGC and emphasize the impact of FGC on their partners' gynecological and reproductive health...
February 13, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277952/agricultural-intensification-is-linked-to-constitutive-innate-immune-function-in-a-wild-bird-population
#16
Clarence Schmitt, Dany Garant, Marc Bélisle, Fanie Pelletier
Immunity represents an important defense mechanism against pathogens and is intimately linked to fitness. Previous studies have found significant interindividual variation of immune responses in wild populations and have emphasized the importance of ecological factors in explaining this variability. A deterioration of environmental conditions, such as agricultural intensification, can modify resource availability and, as a result, alter immune functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of agricultural intensification on innate immune functions in breeding adult tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) over 6 yr...
March 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277947/dissociation-in-families-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#17
Alison Miller
This paper, using an illustrative case study, presents the hypothesis that cyclical spouse abusers suffer from a dissociative condition (or perhaps a personality disorder in which dissociation is a prominent feature) that results from disorganized attachment. The partner of the spouse abuser tries various unsuccessful strategies to appease her spouse in order to change his behavior. If the relationship lasts for years, she adapts by developing a milder but parallel dissociative process, developing chains of state-dependent memory and resultant ego states for the different phases of the domestic abuse cycle...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276707/automatic-affective-motivational-regulation-processes-underlying-supportive-dyadic-coping-the-role-of-increased-implicit-positive-attitudes-toward-communal-goals-in-response-to-a-stressed-relationship-partner
#18
Nicolas Koranyi, Peter Hilpert, Veronika Job, Guy Bodenmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We examined the implicit affective mechanisms underlying provision of support in intimate dyads. Specifically, we hypothesized that in individuals with high relationship satisfaction, the perception that one's partner is stressed leads to increased implicit positive attitudes toward communal goals. In turn, this change in implicit attitudes facilitates supportive behavior. DESIGN AND METHODS: In two studies, we induced partner stress by instructing participants to either recall a situation where their partner was highly stressed (Study 1; N = 47 university students) or imagine a specific stressful event (excessive workload; Study 2; N = 85 university students)...
February 20, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276255/evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-intervention-implemented-with-african-american-women-to-prevent-substance-abuse-strengthen-relationship-skills-and-reduce-risk-for-hiv-aids
#19
David A Collins, Stephen R Shamblen, Ted N Strader, Brooke B Arnold
African-American females in the U.S. are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS, and a large majority of new infections in this population are attributed to heterosexual contact. Risk factors include substance abuse, lack of knowledge about male partners' possible HIV infection risk, incarceration, disruptions of social networks, and intimate partner violence. This study assessed the effects of a comprehensive, evidence-based prevention intervention, Creating Lasting Family Connections (CLFC) that was implemented with sensitivity to African-American females, using a quasi-experimental design...
February 7, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276079/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effects-of-the-tackling-teenage-psychosexual-training-program-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Kirsten Visser, Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Nouchka T Tick, Frank C Verhulst, Athanasios Maras, Esther J M van der Vegt
BACKGROUND: Previous research underscores the importance of psychosexual guidance for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Such guidance is provided in the Tackling Teenage Training (TTT) program, in which adolescents with ASD receive psycho-education and practice communicative skills regarding topics related to puberty, sexuality, and intimate relationships. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of the TTT program on (a) cognitive outcomes (i.e. psychosexual knowledge, and insight in interpersonal boundaries) and (b) behavioral outcomes (i...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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