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Intimate Relationships

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230392/two-roads-diverged-distinct-mechanisms-of-attentional-bias-differentially-predict-negative-affect-and-persistent-negative-thought
#1
Sandersan Onie, Steven B Most
Attentional biases to threatening stimuli have been implicated in various emotional disorders. Theoretical approaches often carry the implicit assumption that various attentional bias measures tap into the same underlying construct, but attention itself is not a unitary mechanism. Most attentional bias tasks-such as the dot probe (DP)-index spatial attention, neglecting other potential attention mechanisms. We compared the DP with emotion-induced blindness (EIB), which appears to be mechanistically distinct, and examined the degree to which these tasks predicted (a) negative affect, (b) persistent negative thought (i...
February 23, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228630/social-activities-of-older-men-who-require-daily-support-and-the-purpose-of-such-activities
#2
Michiyo Hirano, Kazuko Saeki, Izumi Ueda, Hikaru Honda, Yoshiko Mizuno
Objectives The purpose of this study was to analyze the social activities of older men who require daily support, and to clarify the purpose of such activities, in order to develop effective living support and preventive long-term care service, suitable for this population.Methods Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 older men. Data were analyzed using inductive and qualitative methods.Results Four categories of social activities were identified, and four categories of purposes of these social activities were extracted...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225908/intimate-partner-violence-reported-by-female-and-male-users-of-healthcare-units
#3
Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Lilia Blima Schraiber
OBJECTIVE: To analyze nonfatal violence suffered and committed by adult men and women, in an intimate relationship. METHODS: The participants in the research were women aged between 15 and 49 years and men between 18 and 60 years, interviewed by face-to-face questionnaire application. The sample selection was of consecutive type, according to the order of arrival of the users. We conducted temporarily independent investigations and covered different health services to avoid couples and relationships in which the retaliation could be overvalued...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223244/frailty-and-sarcopenia-the-potential-role-of-an-aged-immune-system
#4
REVIEW
Daisy Wilson, Thomas Jackson, Elizabeth Sapey, Janet M Lord
Frailty is a common negative consequence of ageing. Sarcopenia, the syndrome of loss of muscle mass, quality and strength, is more common in older adults and has been considered a precursor syndrome or the physical manifestation of frailty. The pathophysiology of both syndromes is incompletely described with multiple causes, inter-relationships and complex pathways proposed. Age-associated changes to the immune system (both immunesenescence, the decline in immune function with ageing, and inflammageing, a state of chronic inflammation) have been suggested as contributors to sarcopenia and frailty but a direct causative role remains to be established...
February 18, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220150/gene-environment-interplay-in-the-context-of-romantic-relationships
#5
Mark A Whisman, Susan C South
A growing body of research supports an important role for genetic factors on intimate, romantic relationships. In this article, we review research that has examined the interplay between genetic and environmental influences on romantic relationships and the associations between relationship outcomes and important individual differences related to relationships. We first elaborate on how behavioral genetic and molecular genetic methods can be used to understand the etiology of relationship outcomes. We then review empirical studies that have examined gene-environment correlations and gene-by-environment interactions in predicting romantic relationship outcomes (e...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219288/the-human-figure-and-urban-ground-cyborgs-and-the-city
#6
Aaron Parkhurst
Recent years have seen developments in cyborgian movements in which people play and experiment with the boundaries of human flesh and aesthetic realities. Some individuals develop novel intimate relationships with devices that, each in their own way, interfere with human subjectivity. Public dissemination of these movements often proposes notions of transcendence, therapy, post-humanism and trans-humanism, but often fails to outline the lived-experience of those who explore cyborgian identity as an alternative mode of being in the world...
July 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213723/differences-in-orgasm-frequency-among-gay-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-men-and-women-in-a-u-s-national-sample
#7
David A Frederick, H Kate St John, Justin R Garcia, Elisabeth A Lloyd
There is a notable gap between heterosexual men and women in frequency of orgasm during sex. Little is known, however, about sexual orientation differences in orgasm frequency. We examined how over 30 different traits or behaviors were associated with frequency of orgasm when sexually intimate during the past month. We analyzed a large US sample of adults (N = 52,588) who identified as heterosexual men (n = 26,032), gay men (n = 452), bisexual men (n = 550), lesbian women (n = 340), bisexual women (n = 1112), and heterosexual women (n = 24,102)...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208946/the-impact-of-intimate-male-partner-violence-on-women-s-sexual-function-a-study-in-iran
#8
Safieh Jamali, Shohreh Javadpour
INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is an integral part of a woman's life. A variety of factors can affect a woman's sexuality, among them physical disorders, social-religious beliefs, age, psychological factors, depression, mental tension, disbelief, an unfulfilling relationship with one's spouse and emotional and physical violence. AIM: The present study aimed to explore the rate of domestic violence against women and its impact on women's sexuality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 813 women referring to the gynaecology clinics of Jahrom, Iran, from April to October 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208098/-don-t-think-i-m-going-to-leave-you-over-it-accounts-of-changing-hepatitis-c-status-among-couples-who-inject-drugs
#9
Jake Rance, Carla Treloar, Suzanne Fraser, Joanne Bryant, Tim Rhodes
BACKGROUND: While the health-related benefits of intimate partnership are well documented, little attention has been paid to couples exposed to high levels of social stigma and exclusion. In this project we investigated an important site of stigma for partnerships by collecting accounts of changing hepatitis C (HCV) status ("sero-change") among couples that inject drugs. We explored what these accounts reveal about the meaning of HCV for these couples, and how this understanding contributes to our collective efforts at prevention and care...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207914/memories-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-the-process-of-change
#10
Matan White, David E Pollio, Barry A Hong, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: One in 4 U.S. women experience intimate partner violence (IPV) during their lives. Despite the magnitude of this problem, little is known about the natural history of relationships involving IPV and how women exit them. METHODS: Narrative interviews were conducted using open-ended qualitative narrative techniques with a convenience sample of 7 women who had ended a relationship of ≥6 months' duration involving IPV at least 6 months ago. The interviews were audio recorded and transcribed...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205237/coupling-processes-and-experiences-of-never-married-heterosexual-black-men-and-women-a-phenomenological-study
#11
Christiana I Awosan, Kenneth V Hardy
Over the past decades, the decline in Black marriages and the upsurge of never-married Blacks have stimulated much theoretical focus, but researchers conducted few studies on never-married heterosexual Black adults' coupling unions. Guided by an integrated framework of Africana womanism and symbolic interactionism, this qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological study used comprehensive individual interviews to explore the experiences of 26 never-married heterosexual Black men and women between the ages 25 and 35 about their attempts to cultivate and maintain intimate romantic relationships as well as their desire for marriage...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199918/factors-associated-with-alcohol-use-prior-to-and-during-pregnancy-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-cape-town-south-africa
#12
Kirsty Brittain, Robert H Remien, Tamsin Phillips, Allison Zerbe, Elaine J Abrams, Landon Myer, Claude A Mellins
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use during pregnancy is prevalent in South Africa, but there are few prospectively-collected data exploring patterns of consumption among HIV-infected women, which may be important to improve maternal and child health outcomes. We examined patterns of and factors associated with alcohol use prior to and during pregnancy among HIV-infected pregnant women in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Participants were enrolled when entering antenatal care at a large primary care clinic, and alcohol use was assessed using the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test)...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191632/from-fathers-to-sons-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-parenting-behavior-among-african-american-young-men
#13
Geoffrey L Brown, Steven M Kogan, Jihyoung Kim
This study examined the intergenerational transmission of fathering among young, African American fathers in rural communities. A sample of 132 African American young men living in the rural South reported on the quality of their relationship with their biological and social fathers in the family of origin, their own involvement with their young children, and relational schemas of close, intimate relationships. Results of path analyses supported the hypothesized mediational model, such that a better relationship with one's biological (but not social) father predicted increased father involvement in the next generation, and this association was partially mediated through positive relational schema after controlling for a range of covariates...
February 13, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186957/violence-before-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-violence-during-pregnancy
#14
Vislava Globevnik Velikonja, Miha Lučovnik, Tanja Premru Sršen, Vesna Leskošek, Megie Krajnc, Lucija Pavše, Ivan Verdenik, Natasa Tul, Isaac Blickstein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships among different forms of violence before and during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire (adapted NorAQ) was given to 1269 women after childbirth. RESULTS: The response rate was 80% (n=1018). Different forms of violence were experienced by 46.9% of the women; 9.2% reported violence in pregnancy. Suffering from the consequences of violence was reported by 43.8% of the women; sexual (76...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185670/the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-males-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#15
Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Tracie O Afifi
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), co-occurrence with other types of maltreatment and adult mental health outcomes, specifically among males. The objectives of this study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of males who have experienced a) childhood maltreatment without CSA; b) CSA without other forms of childhood maltreatment; and c) CSA along with other forms of childhood maltreatment; and 2) determine the relationship between CSA among males and mood, anxiety, substance and personality disorders and suicide attempts...
February 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182709/320-row-ct-renal-perfusion-imaging-in-patients-with-aortic-dissection-a-preliminary-study
#16
Dongting Liu, Jiayi Liu, Zhaoying Wen, Yu Li, Zhonghua Sun, Qin Xu, Zhanming Fan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical value of renal perfusion imaging in patients with aortic dissection (AD) using 320-row computed tomography (CT), and to determine the relationship between renal CT perfusion imaging and various factors of aortic dissection. METHODS: Forty-three patients with AD who underwent 320-row CT renal perfusion before operation were prospectively enrolled in this study. Diagnosis of AD was confirmed by transthoracic echocardiography...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182645/between-a-rock-and-a-soft-place-using-optical-ages-to-date-ancient-clam-gardens-on-the-pacific-northwest
#17
Christina M Neudorf, Nicole Smith, Dana Lepofsky, Ginevra Toniello, Olav B Lian
Rock-walled archaeological features are notoriously hard to date, largely because of the absence of suitable organic material for radiocarbon dating. This study demonstrates the efficacy of dating clam garden wall construction using optical dating, and uses optical ages to determine how sedimentation rates in the intertidal zone are affected by clam garden construction. Clam gardens are rock-walled, intertidal terraces that were constructed and maintained by coastal First Nation peoples to increase bivalve habitat and productivity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176169/receipt-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-condomless-anal-intercourse-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-atlanta
#18
Rob Stephenson, Catherine Finneran
Intimate partner violence (IPV) rates are disproportionately high among sexual minority populations, with increasing evident that gay men experience IPV at the same rates as heterosexual women. This study examines the relationship between self-reported condomless anal intercourse (CAI) and IPV among a sample of 750 gay and bisexual men. Participants answered questions regarding recent receipt and perpetration of IPV using the IPV-GBM Scale (Cronbach Alpha 0.90). Of the sample, 46.1% reported recent receipt of any type of IPV and 33...
February 7, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174364/evaluation-of-periodontal-changes-adjacent-to-extraction-sites-during-upper-canine-retraction
#19
Azzam Al-Jundi, Basem Al Sabbagh, Jagan K Baskaradoss
INTRODUCTION: There is an intimate relationship between orthodontic therapy and the periodontal changes that occur during tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial aims at investigating the movement of both the free and attached gingiva, as well as the movement of the alveolar bone in the extraction site of the upper 1st premolars during the retraction of the upper canines. In this study, 17 patients (10 female, 7 male) requiring 1st premolar extraction before orthodontic tooth movement were selected and treated at the Department of Orthodontics in the Faculty of Dentistry in University of Hama, Hama, Syria...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167947/the-heme-connection-linking-erythrocytes-and-macrophage-biology
#20
REVIEW
Md Zahidul Alam, Samir Devalaraja, Malay Haldar
Erythroid function and development is intimately linked to macrophages. The primary function of erythrocytes is oxygen delivery, which is mediated by iron-containing hemoglobin. The major source of this iron is a recycling pathway where macrophages scavenge old and damaged erythrocytes to release iron contained within the heme moiety. Macrophages also promote erythropoiesis by providing a supportive niche in the bone marrow as an integral component of "erythorblastic islands." Importantly, inflammation leads to alterations in iron handling by macrophages with significant impact on iron homeostasis and erythropoiesis...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
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