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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777382/mood-sexuality-and-relational-intimacy-after-starting-androgen-deprivation-therapy-implications-for-couples
#1
Lauren M Walker, Pablo Santos-Iglesias, John Robinson
BACKGROUND: Patients on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), a common treatment for prostate cancer, report significant declines in quality of life and detrimental impact on their intimate relationships. ADT depresses a man's testosterone to castrate levels, leading to declines in sexual function, and changes in mood. These changes can have profound impact on couples' intimate relationships. METHOD: Patients undergoing ADT, and their consenting partners, were followed on a variety of outcomes relating to mood, sexual changes, and relational intimacy...
May 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776796/-stalking-from-romantic-pursuit-to-sexual-predation
#2
Virginie Cailleau, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Alexia Delbreil, Nematollah Jaafari
Deriving from the English verb "to stalk", stalking denotes an unwelcome, repetitive, and intrusive harassing and/or threatening behavior directed toward a specific individual, and can result in physical and/or sexual offending - even leading to homicide. French harassment legislation has evolved over the years, and the last law closest to the international anti-stalking laws had been promulgated in 2014. According to a review, up to 16% of women and 7% of men are stalked in their life, and 80% of the stalkers are known to their victims...
May 15, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776479/nursing-child-assessment-satellite-training-parent-child-interaction-scales-comparing-american-and-canadian-normative-and-high-risk-samples
#3
Nicole L Letourneau, Panagiota D Tryphonopoulos, Jason Novick, J Martha Hart, Gerald Giesbrecht, Monica L Oxford
PURPOSE: Many nurses rely on the American Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST) Parent-Child Interaction (PCI) Teaching and Feeding Scales to identify and target interventions for families affected by severe/chronic stressors (e.g. postpartum depression (PPD), intimate partner violence (IPV), low-income). However, the NCAST Database that provides normative data for comparisons may not apply to Canadian families. The purpose of this study was to compare NCAST PCI scores in Canadian and American samples and to assess the reliability of the NCAST PCI Scales in Canadian samples...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774352/a-novel-efficient-g-c-3-n-4-bioi-p-n-heterojunction-photocatalyst-constructed-through-the-assembly-of-g-c-3-n-4-nanoparticles
#4
Zengyu You, Chenyan Wu, Qianhong Shen, Yang Yu, Hao Chen, Yuxuan Su, Hui Wang, Chunchun Wu, Fang Zhang, Hui Yang
An efficient and facile method to fabricate a surficial dispersive heterojunction based on the assembly of g-C3N4 nanoparticles was proposed. A p-n nano heterojunction composed of BiOI and g-C3N4 was constructed by simply loading g-C3N4 nanoparticles on flower-like BiOI nanosheets. The structure-dependent optical, electronic and photoelectric properties were investigated, and the structure-property relationship was discussed. The results show that the g-C3N4 nanoparticles are uniformly loaded on the surface of BiOI nanosheets and thus form a p-n heterojunction with an intimate interface...
May 18, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773921/race-ethnicity-union-status-and-change-in-body-mass-index-in-young-adulthood
#5
Rhiannon A Kroeger, Reanne Frank
This study used data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) and fixed-effects regression to consider whether associations between change in union status and change in BMI were moderated by race/ethnicity. The results indicated that intimate unions were differentially associated with gains in BMI along race/ethnic lines, especially for women. Compared to White women, marriage was associated with larger increases in BMI for Black, Hispanic and Multiracial women, and cohabitation was associated with larger increases for Black and Hispanic women...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773149/paradoxical-effect-of-social-support-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-diary-study-investigating-the-buffering-hypothesis
#6
Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Gruszczyńska
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the buffering role of time-varying received and provided support in the relationship between stress and end-of-day mood among people living with HIV. In addition, the moderating role of intimate relationships in this buffering effect was verified. METHODS: The participants included 115 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HIV infection. The data were collected using an online diary method. For five consecutive days (from Monday to Friday), participants completed an online time-stamped questionnaire in the evening to assess their end-of day-mood, stress related to a central hassle on any given day and social support that was received and provided...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768993/levels-of-coercive-control-differentiate-between-groups-of-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-colombia
#7
Ana L Jaramillo-Sierra, Luz A Carvajal-Villalobos
The authors used Johnson's typology of intimate partner violence (IPV) to examine groupings of women experiencing physical violence within their intimate relationships according to coercive control levels. Analyses were conducted using data from the 2010 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey. In particular, the authors used a subsample of 12,237 ever-married (or cohabitating) women between the ages of 14 and 49 years, who reported at least one experience of physical violence. Exploratory and confirmatory cluster analyses demonstrated a good fit for a two-cluster solution based on coercive-control levels...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768992/the-effect-of-sex-and-perpetrator-victim-relationship-on-perceptions-of-domestic-homicide
#8
Linda C Karlsson, Tuulia Malén, Johanna K Kaakinen, Jan Antfolk
Previous research on how stereotypes affect perceptions of intimate partner violence and domestic homicide has found that violence committed by men is perceived as more severe and judged more harshly than violence committed by women. The present mock jury study investigated how perpetrator sex (male or female), crime type (familicide or filicide), and relatedness between perpetrator and child victims (biological or step) affect laypeople's perceptions of the appropriate consequence of the crime, the reason for the offense, responsibility of the perpetrator, the likelihood of certain background factors being present, and the risk of future violence...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768991/mediating-justice-women-s-perceptions-of-fairness-in-the-civil-protection-order-process
#9
M Kristen Hefner, Aneesa A Baboolal, Ruth E Fleury-Steiner, Susan L Miller
Mediation use has grown rapidly in the past few decades as an efficacious method of civil dispute resolution. However, early research suggests that civil mediation may cause further harm to victims of intimate partner abuse because, based on the inherent power dynamics of abusive relationships, they are not able to effectively advocate on their own behalf. In addition, organizational efficiency concerns have led to the development of consent processes for civil protection orders (POs). However, research has yet to examine the extent to which victims of intimate partner violence who take part in these consent processes perceive the process and associated outcomes as fair...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766755/the-role-of-maternal-acceptance-in-mediating-child-outcomes-among-substance-using-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#10
Laura Cully, Qiong Wu, Natasha Slesnick
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent in the United States, and many women who experience IPV have children in their care. Substance use is common among this population and affects parenting behaviors such as maternal acceptance and child outcomes. Maternal experience of IPV affects a mother's ability to parent and interact with her child. Little is known about the combined influence of both maternal substance use and IPV on parenting behaviors and child problem behaviors. The current study examined differences in maternal acceptance and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors among mothers who reported experiencing IPV to mothers who never reported experiencing IPV...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764882/postnatal-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-nationwide-clinic-based-cross-sectional-study-in-malaysia
#11
Noor Ani Ahmad, Umi Adzlin Silim, Azriman Rosman, Majdah Mohamed, Ying Ying Chan, Noraida Mohd Kasim, Muslimah Yusof, Mohamad Aznuddin Abd Razak, Maisarah Omar, Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Rasidah Jamaluddin, Fatanah Ismail, Nurashikin Ibrahim, Tahir Aris
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 13% of women in the postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression (PND) worldwide. In addition to underprivileged women, women who are exposed to violence are at higher risk of PND. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and PND in Malaysia. METHODS: This survey was conducted as a nationwide cross-sectional study using a cluster sampling design. Probable PND was assessed using a self-administered Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760679/hematocrit-values-predict-carotid-intimal-media-thickness-in-obese-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Giovanni Tarantino, Luigi Barrea, Domenico Capone, Vincenzo Citro, Teresa Mosca, Silvia Savastano
Background: Literature data suggest with some criticism that full-fledged cardiovascular (CV) events (acute or chronic) are likely predicted by blood components, which are reported to be associated with the presence/severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study was aimed at determining which marker(s) derived from blood count, such as white blood cells, neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet count, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, hematocrit values were associated with ear or subclinical atherosclerosis, in obese patients of various classes suffering from NAFLD...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757677/microrna-dysregulation-in-pulmonary-arteries-from-copd-relationships-with-vascular-remodeling
#13
Melina M Musri, Núria Coll-Bonfill, Bradley A Maron, Víctor I Peinado, Ruisheng Wang, Jordi Altirriba, Isabel Blanco, William M Oldham, Olga Tura-Ceide, Jessica García-Lucio, Benjamin de la Cruz-Thea, Gunter Meister, Joseph Loscalzo, Joan A Barberà
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vascular remodeling is an angiogenic-related process involving changes in smooth muscle cell (SMC) homeostasis, which is frequently observed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate mRNA expression levels of many genes leading to the manifestation of cell identity and specific cellular phenotypes. Here we evaluate the miRNA expression profiles of pulmonary arteries (PA) of patients with COPD and its relationship with the regulation of SMC phenotypic change...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757109/losing-a-partner-do-continuing-bonds-bring-solace-or-sorrow
#14
Kristine L Florczak, Nancy Lockie
The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study, underpinned by the humanbecoming paradigm, was to bring forth a deeper understanding about continuing bonds with a deceased spouse and describe the transformative process of losing a partner. Each of six participants dialogued with researchers on three to four occasions about the life and death of their loved one, continuing bonds with the deceased, struggles they have encountered, and dreams of the future. It was discovered that participants told a story that changed over time, struggled with continuing bonds, suffered with loneliness and desired new intimate relationships...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756559/help-seeking-behaviors-for-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-by-men-receiving-substance-use-treatment-a-mixed-methods-secondary-analysis
#15
Nozomu Hashimoto, Polly Radcliffe, Gail Gilchrist
Despite the high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration by men receiving substance use treatment, little is known about their help-seeking behaviors for IPV. A secondary analysis of a mixed-methods study of men receiving substance use treatment who perpetrated IPV examined the prevalence, characteristics, and barriers associated with IPV perpetration disclosure and help-seeking. In total, 170 men were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, and a subsample of 20 were interviewed in-depth about their experiences...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756558/social-integration-and-domestic-violence-support-in-an-indigenous-community-women-s-recommendations-of-formal-versus-informal-sources-of-support
#16
G Robin Gauthier, Sara C Francisco, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
Throughout North America, indigenous women experience higher rates of intimate partner violence and sexual violence than any other ethnic group, and so it is of particular importance to understand sources of support for Native American women. In this article, we use social network analysis to study the relationship between social integration and women's access to domestic violence support by examining the recommendations they would give to another woman in need. We ask two main questions: First, are less integrated women more likely to make no recommendation at all when compared with more socially integrated women? Second, are less integrated women more likely than more integrated women to nominate a formal source of support rather than an informal one? We use network data collected from interviews with 158 Canadian women residing in an indigenous community to measure their access to support...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752749/preliminary-evidence-that-androgen-signaling-is-correlated-with-men-s-everyday-language
#17
Jennifer S Mascaro, Kelly E Rentscher, Patrick D Hackett, Adriana Lori, Alana Darcher, James K Rilling, Matthias R Mehl
OBJECTIVES: Testosterone (T) has an integral, albeit complex, relationship with social behavior, especially in the domains of aggression and competition. However, examining this relationship in humans is challenging given the often covert and subtle nature of human aggression and status-seeking. The present study aimed to investigate whether T levels and genetic polymorphisms in the AR gene are associated with social behavior assessed via natural language use. METHODS: We used unobtrusive, behavioral, real-world ambulatory assessments of men in partnered heterosexual relationships to examine the relationship between plasma T levels, variation in the androgen receptor (AR) gene, and spontaneous, everyday language in three interpersonal contexts: with romantic partners, with co-workers, and with their children...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751754/examining-diffusion-to-understand-the-how-of-sasa-a-violence-against-women-and-hiv-prevention-intervention-in-uganda
#18
Elizabeth Starmann, Lori Heise, Nambusi Kyegombe, Karen Devries, Tanya Abramsky, Lori Michau, Tina Musuya, Charlotte Watts, Martine Collumbien
BACKGROUND: A growing number of complex public health interventions combine mass media with community-based "change agents" and/or mobilisation efforts acting at multiple levels. While impact evaluations are important, there is a paucity of research into the more nuanced roles intervention and social network factors may play in achieving intervention outcomes, making it difficult to understand how different aspects of the intervention worked (or did not). This study applied aspects of diffusion of innovations theory to explore how SASA!, a community mobilisation approach for preventing HIV and violence against women, diffused within intervention communities and the factors that influenced the uptake of new ideas and behaviours around intimate partner relationships and violence...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751752/a-community-based-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-and-understandings-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-vulnerability-from-the-perspectives-of-female-sex-workers-and-male-intimate-partners-in-north-karnataka-state-india
#19
Andrea K Blanchard, Sapna G Nair, Sharon G Bruce, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Raghavendra Thalinja, Srikanta Murthy, Prakash Javalkar, Priya Pillai, Martine Collumbien, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac, Parinita Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Research has increasingly documented the important role that violence by clients and the police play in exacerbating HIV vulnerability for women in sex work. However few studies have examined violence in the intimate relationships of women in sex work, or drawn on community partnerships to explore the social dynamics involved. A community-based participatory research study was undertaken by community and academic partners leading intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV prevention programs in Bagalkot district, Karnataka state, India...
May 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749299/dyadic-reporting-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-male-couples-in-three-u-s-cities
#20
Nicolas A Suarez, Matthew J Mimiaga, Robert Garofalo, Emily Brown, Anna Marie Bratcher, Taylor Wimbly, Marco A Hidalgo, Samuel Hoehnle, Jennie Thai, Erin Kahle, Patrick S Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent and pressing public health concern that affects people of all gender and sexual identities. Though studies have identified that male couples may experience IPV at rates as high as or higher than women in heterosexual partnerships, the body of literature addressing this population is still nascent. This study recruited 160 male-male couples in Atlanta, Boston, and Chicago to independently complete individual surveys measuring demographic information, partner violence experience and perpetration, and individual and relationship characteristics that may shape the experience of violence...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
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