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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742979/adult-attachment-and-drinking-context-as-predictors-of-alcohol-problems-and-relationship-satisfaction-in-college-students
#1
Elise C Hocking, Raluca M Simons, Jeffrey S Simons, Harry Freeman
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that for young adults, intimate partners influence each other's drinking patterns. Therefore, exploration of variables related to intimate partner relationships (such as attachment style) could broaden the current understanding of risk factors for alcohol problems in this demographic. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined the role of drinking context in the relationships among insecure attachment, alcohol problems, and relationship satisfaction...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741262/maternal-mental-quality-of-life-mediates-the-associations-between-intimate-partner-abuse-against-mothers-and-their-children-s-behaviours-and-quality-of-life-in-low-income-chinese-families
#2
Vivian Yawei Guo, Esther Yee Tak Yu, Rosa Sze Man Wong, Patrick Ip, Agnes Fung Yee Tiwari, Carlos King Ho Wong, Colman Siu Cheung Fung, Wilfred Hing Sang Wong, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
PURPOSE: To explore the association between maternal intimate partner abuse (IPA) and their children's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and behavioural problem, and to establish a mediation model and investigate the mediating role of mothers' HRQOL on this association. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 197 mothers of 227 children (112 boys and 115 girls) from low-income Chinese families. The mothers were asked to complete the 5-item abuse assessment screen questionnaire for the presence of IPA, the Chinese (Hong Kong) version of 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) for their HRQOL and a structured socio-demographics questionnaire...
July 24, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741135/hiv-positive-diagnosis-during-pregnancy-increases-risk-of-ipv-postpartum-among-women-with-no-history-of-ipv-in-their-relationship
#3
Allison K Groves, H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Dhayendre Moodley, Suzanne Maman
There has been limited study of whether and for whom physical intimate partner violence (IPV) is a consequence of an HIV-positive diagnosis. Per the diathesis stress model, the consequences of HIV infection may be worse for women with a history of IPV. We hypothesize that the positive association between HIV diagnosis in pregnancy and postpartum IPV will be exacerbated for women with a history of IPV. Data come from a prospective cohort study with 1015 participants who completed a baseline antenatal and 9-month postpartum visit...
July 24, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739370/molecular-systematics-species-delimitation-and-diversification-patterns-of-the-phyllodactylus-lanei-complex-gekkota-phyllodactylidae-in-mexico
#4
Tonatiuh Ramírez-Reyes, Daniel Piñero, Oscar Flores-Villela, Ella Vázquez-Domínguez
The description of cryptic gecko species worldwide has revealed both that many putative species are, in fact, conformed by a complex of morphologically conserved species that are genetically distinct and highly divergent, and that gecko species diversity could be underestimated. The taxonomy and species delimitation of geckos belonging to the genus Phyllodactylus is still controversial, 16 of which are distributed in Mexico and 13 are endemic. Although the large morphological variation shown by the Phyllodactylus species from Mexico has been amply documented, little is known about their genetic diversity and evolutionary relationships, and much less regarding cryptic speciation...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728642/a-latent-profile-analysis-of-aggression-and-victimization-across-relationship-types-among-veterans-who-use-substances
#5
RaeAnn E Anderson, Erin E Bonar, Maureen A Walton, Jason E Goldstick, Sheila A M Rauch, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Stephen T Chermack
OBJECTIVE: This study examined patterns of violence victimization and aggression in both intimate partner and nonpartner relationships among U.S. military veterans using latent profile analysis to identify subtypes of violence involvement. METHOD: Participants were 839 substance use treatment-seeking veterans (93% male) from a large Veterans Affairs Medical Center who completed screening measures for a randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: Past-year violence involvement, including both intimate partner violence (IPV) and nonpartner violence (NPV), was common in the sample, although NPV occurred at somewhat higher rates...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727838/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-recent-intimate-partner-violence-and-relationships-between-disability-and-depression-in-post-partum-women-in-one-clinic-in-ethekwini-municipality-south-africa
#6
Andrew Gibbs, Bradley Carpenter, Tamaryn Crankshaw, Jill Hannass-Hancock, Jennifer Smit, Mark Tomlinson, Lisa Butler
Intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by pregnant and post-partum women has negative health effects for women, as well as the foetus, and the new-born child. In this study we sought to assess the prevalence and factors associated with recent IPV amongst post-partum women in one clinic in eThekwini Municipality, South Africa, and explore the relationship between IPV, depression and functional limitations/disabilities. Past 12 month IPV-victimisation was 10.55%. Logistic regression modelled relationships between IPV, functional limitations, depressive symptoms, socio-economic measures, and sexual relationship power...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715699/gambling-and-negative-life-events-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-uk-men
#7
Amanda Roberts, Stephen Sharman, Jeremy Coid, Raegan Murphy, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Sean Cowlishaw, Jason Landon
INTRODUCTION: The links between gambling problems, trauma and life stressors are known to exist but understanding the extent of these relationships will allow for greater efficacy in early intervention and treatment. We investigated these relationships among men and sought to determine whether links were attenuated by alcohol and drug use problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional UK representative general population survey was conducted in 2009 with 3025 men aged 18-64years...
July 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715233/betrayals-in-emerging-adulthood-a-developmental-perspective-of-infidelity
#8
Jerika C Norona, Spencer B Olmstead, Deborah P Welsh
Infidelity is associated with considerable distress and discord in dating relationships. The current mixed methods study examined both the written narratives and survey responses of 104 (59.6% women) emerging adults to investigate reasons for engaging in infidelity (i.e., sexual and emotional infidelity). Emerging adults' reasons for engaging in infidelity were attributed primarily to their primary relationships and/or their romantic partners not fulfilling their needs for interdependence and thus feeling motivated to fulfill these needs elsewhere...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714393/interrelationships-between-gut-microbiota-and-host-paradigms-role-in-neurodegenerative-diseases-and-future-prospects
#9
Javier Caballero-Villarraso, Alberto Galvan, Begoña M Escribano, Isaac Túnez
Advances in the knowledge of the microbiota and concepts related to it have triggered a wake-up call in biomedicine. The development in various scientific areas has enabled a better and broader approach to everything concerning the set of families of microorganisms that coexist with an individual and are able to function as one more organ in its body. Among the aforementioned scientific areas, those worth mentioning are the advances/progress in biotechnological resources and, in particular, molecular biology and related areas...
July 14, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714129/coevolution-between-flight-morphology-vertical-stratification-and-sexual-dimorphism-what-can-we-learn-from-tropical-butterflies
#10
M B Graça, P A C L Pequeno, E Franklin, J W Morais
Occurrence patterns are partly shaped by the affinity of species with habitat conditions. For winged organisms, flight-related attributes are vital for ecological performance. However, due to the different reproductive roles of each sex, we expect divergence in flight energy budget, and consequently different selection responses between sexes. We used tropical frugivorous butterflies as models to investigate coevolution between flight morphology, sex dimorphism and vertical stratification. We studied 94 species of Amazonian fruit-feeing butterflies sampled in seven sites across 3341 ha...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706725/avatars-and-virtual-agents-relationship-interfaces-for-the-elderly
#11
REVIEW
Nava A Shaked
In the Digital Era, the authors witness a change in the relationship between the patient and the care-giver or Health Maintenance Organization's providing the health services. Another fact is the use of various technologies to increase the effectiveness and quality of health services across all primary and secondary users. These technologies range from telemedicine systems, decision making tools, online and self-services applications and virtual agents; all providing information and assistance. The common thread between all these digital implementations, is they all require human machine interfaces...
June 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705228/cleanliness-in-context-reconciling-hygiene-with-a-modern-microbial-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Roo Vandegrift, Ashley C Bateman, Kyla N Siemens, May Nguyen, Hannah E Wilson, Jessica L Green, Kevin G Van Den Wymelenberg, Roxana J Hickey
The concept of hygiene is rooted in the relationship between cleanliness and the maintenance of good health. Since the widespread acceptance of the germ theory of disease, hygiene has become increasingly conflated with sterilization. In reviewing studies across the hygiene literature (most often hand hygiene), we found that nearly all studies of hand hygiene utilize bulk reduction in bacterial load as a proxy for reduced transmission of pathogenic organisms. This treatment of hygiene may be insufficient in light of recent microbial ecology research, which has demonstrated that humans have intimate and evolutionarily significant relationships with a diverse assemblage of microorganisms (our microbiota)...
July 14, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700637/contingent-association-between-the-size-of-the-social-support-network-and-osteoporosis-among-korean-elderly-women
#13
Seungwon Lee, Da Hea Seo, Kyoung Min Kim, Eun Young Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Chang Oh Kim, Yoosik Youm, Yumie Rhee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the number of personal ties (or the size of the social support network) and the incidence of osteoporosis among older women in Korea. METHODS: Data from the Korean Urban Rural Elderly Study were used. Bone density was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine (L1-L4) and femur neck. T-score, the standardized bone density compared with what is normally expected in a healthy young adult, was measured and the presence of osteoporosis was determined, if the T-score was < -2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697655/functional-ulnar-nerve-paraganglioma-first-documented-occurrence-in-the-extremity-with-hitherto-undescribed-associated-extensive-glomus-cell-hyperplasia-and-tumorlet-formation
#14
Louis Tsun Cheung Chow, Michael Ho Ming Chan, Simon Kwok Chuen Wong
Extra-adrenal paraganglioma has never been described in the extremities. A 34-year-old woman complained of an enlarging mass in the right forearm for 18 months. Imaging showed a circumscribed vascular tumor attached to the ulnar nerve; biopsy revealed features of paraganglioma. The resected tumor consisted of zellballen pattern of chief cells staining positively for chromogranin with surrounding S100-positive sustentacular cells. The chief cells contained many neurosecretory granules and mitochondria, whereas the sustentacular cells contained a large amount of rough endoplasmic reticulum and some microfilaments...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687475/double-jeopardy-predictors-of-elevated-lethality-risk-among-intimate-partner-violence-victims-seen-in-emergency-departments
#15
Laura Brignone, Anu Manchikanti Gomez
Many intimate partner homicide victims visit emergency departments (EDs) prior to their deaths, yet their lethality risk is not well understood. eHealth interventions for intimate partner violence (IPV) improve provider information, tailor care to victim need and link victims to services. We analyzed ED patients' lethality risk using one such intervention, Domestic Violence Report and Referral (DVRR). DVRR records were assessed for 263 female patients aged 16 and older seen for IPV at an urban, high-traffic, Northern California ED in 2014-15...
July 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687415/age-related-changes-in-the-morphological-relationship-between-the-supratubal-recess-and-the-eustachian-tube
#16
Juan Hong, Keguang Chen, Huiying Lyu, Dongming Yin, Lin Yang, Tianyu Zhang, Peidong Dai
OBJECTIVE: To study age-related changes in the morphology of the supratubal recess (STR) and its relationship with the Eustachian tube (ET). METHODS: Seventy randomly selected computed tomography (CT) images of non-pathological temporal bones of 49 patients were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were grouped according to age into 4 age groups: group A (0-3 years), group B (4-8 years), group C (9-18 years) and group D (19-50 years). Space analytic geometry was assessed to directly calculate the morphology of the STR and the ET...
July 4, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677273/infertility-related-communication-and-coping-strategies-among-women-affected-by-primary-or-secondary-infertility
#17
Taina Sormunen, Arthur Aanesen, Bjöörn Fossum, Klas Karlgren, Margareta Westerbotn
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a worldwide problem and is experienced as psychologically stressful. Communication about infertility varies depending on clinical aspects, personal relationships and culture. The aim of this study was to explore infertility-related communication and coping strategies among women affected by, primary or secondary fertility problems. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study design was used. One hundred ninety-nine women affected by primary and secondary infertility were recruited from one fertility clinic in Stockholm...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675999/subduing-the-green-eyed-monster-bridging-the-psychopharmacological-and-psychosocial-treatment-perspective-in-understanding-pathological-jealousy
#18
Farah Deena Abdul Samad, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Nurul Hazwani Hatta
Human being is not spared from a broad-ranged emotional state, including being jealous. Jealousy has both affective-cognitive and behavioural-evaluative dimension where the person perceives, or experiences a real threat on a valued relationship. As this complex emotion becomes irrational and not amenable to reason, it later transforms into a dangerously 'green-eyed monster'. This perilous situation which is viewed as pathological jealousy is a form of delusion, which is maintained by a fixed and false reasoning in an originally entrusted intimate relationship...
July 4, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675823/endothelial-immunocytochemical-expression-of-pituitary-il-1%C3%AE-and-its-relation-to-acth-positive-cells-is-regulated-by-corticosterone-in-the-male-rat
#19
María Carmen Iglesias-Osma, Enrique J Blanco, Marta Carretero-Hernández, María José García-Barrado, Leonardo Catalano-Iniesta, Manuel Carretero, Virginia Sánchez-Robledo, José Carretero
Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) is a cytokine linking the neuroendocrine system and metabolic homeostasis. We have previously demonstrated the relevance of IL-1β for maintaining the pituitary ACTH-producing cells by immuno-blocking its effects in pituitary cultures. However, the morphological characteristics and the intimate relationship of the pituitary cells expressing IL-1β and ACTH remain unknown. For determining pituitary variations of immunoreactivity for IL-1β and its relation with ACTH-positive cells under stress situations, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis of the expression of IL-1β and ACTH in the pituitary gland of adult rats, in the absence or presence of corticosterone, by establishing different groups: untreated, sham-operated, and bilaterally adrenalectomized animals...
July 1, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675814/gender-violence-and-resilience-among-ugandan-adolescents
#20
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Andrea Norcini Pala, Devin Faris, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Karen Devries, Dipak Naker
Resilience, commonly understood as the ability to maintain adaptive functioning in the face of adversity, has emerged as a salient entry point in the field of positive youth development. This study makes a unique contribution by exploring dimensions of resilience among adolescents in Uganda, examining associations between violence from different perpetrators and resilience, and testing whether sex moderates these relationships. Analyses are based on data from 3706 primary school students. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) identified five factors underlying the construct of resilience: Emotional Support; Family Connectedness; School Connectedness; Social Assets; and Psychological Assets...
July 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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