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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138194/the-costs-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-related-signs-and-symptoms-in-infants-a-systematic-literature-review-and-cost-calculation-for-england
#1
James Mahon, Carlos Lifschitz, Thomas Ludwig, Nikhil Thapar, Julie Glanville, Mohamad Miqdady, Miguel Saps, Seng Hock Quak, Irene Lenoir Wijnkoop, Mary Edwards, Hannah Wood, Hania Szajewska
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and related signs and symptoms in infants to the third party payer and to parents. STUDY DESIGN: To estimate the cost of illness (COI) of infant FGIDs, a two-stage process was applied: a systematic literature review and a COI calculation. As no pertinent papers were found in the systematic literature review, a 'de novo' analysis was performed. For the latter, the potential costs for the third party payer (the National Health Service (NHS) in England) and for parents/carers for the treatment of FGIDs in infants were calculated, by using publicly available data...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135819/prophylactic-rtpa-in-the-prevention-of-line-associated-thrombosis-and-infection-in-short-bowel-syndrome
#2
Lynn M Malec, James Cooper, Jeffrey Rudolph, Marian G Michaels, Margaret V Ragni
BACKGROUND: Central venous access devices (CVADs) are essential for total parenteral nutrition administration in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). However, they are fraught with complications including infection and venous thromboembolism (VTE), which increases associated morbidity and mortality in this population. There is evidence linking the development of CVAD-associated thrombosis and line-related infection. Thus, it has been postulated that prevention of catheter-related clot formation could minimize the risk of infection originating from the catheter...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134507/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-orthorexia-nervosa-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-italy
#3
L Dell'Osso, Barbara Carpita, D Muti, I M Cremone, G Massimetti, E Diadema, C Gesi, C Carmassi
AIMS: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been recently defined as a pathological approach to feeding related to healthiness concerns and purity of food and/or feeding habits. This condition recently showed an increasing prevalence particularly among young adults. In order to investigate the prevalence of ON and its relationship with gender and nutritional style among young adults, we explored a sample of students from the University of Pisa, Italy. METHODS: Assessments included the ORTO-15 questionnaire and a socio-demographic and eating habits form...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130290/parent-patient-and-health-professional-perspectives-regarding-enteral-nutrition-in-paediatric-oncology
#4
Jennifer Cohen, Claire E Wakefield, Linda C Tapsell, Karen Walton, Richard J Cohn
AIM: Enteral tube feeding (ETF) is an important part of treatment for paediatric cancer patients. Without nutritional therapy, the prevalence of under-nutrition during treatment for childhood cancer may be as high as 50%. To ensure that the appropriate initiation of ETF is optimised, information on the views of key stakeholders regarding ETF is needed. METHODS: In total, 48 interviews were conducted with parents of paediatric cancer patients (n = 20), patients (n = 10) and members of the paediatric oncology health-care team (n = 18)...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118775/accumulation-profiles-of-embryonic-salt-soluble-proteins-in-maize-hybrids-and-parental-lines-indicate-matroclinous-inheritance-a-proteomic-analysis
#5
Fen Ning, Xiaolin Wu, Hang Zhang, Zhaokun Wu, Liangjie Niu, Hao Yang, Wei Wang
Maize is one of the most widely cultivated crops. It accumulates a large quantity of seed storage proteins, which are important for seed development and germination, and contribute to the nutritional quality of seeds. Based on solubility, the storage proteins are divided into albumins (water-soluble), globulins (salt-soluble), prolamins (alcohol-soluble), and glutelins (acid- or alkali-soluble). Maize hybrids are cultivated due to the superior performance of F1 hybrids than that of their parents, a phenomenon known as heterosis...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112090/clear-liquid-versus-low-fibre-diet-in-bowel-cleansing-for-colonoscopy-in-children-a-randomized-trial
#6
Aleksandra Mytyk, Izabella Lazowska-Przeorek, Katarzyna Karolewska-Bochenek, Dariusz Kakol, Marcin Banasiuk, Jaroslaw Walkowiak, Piotr Albrecht, Aleksandra Banaszkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: In light of a paucity of data on the role of diet in colonoscopy preparation in paediatric population, the present study was designed to compare the effectiveness of clear-liquid and low-fibre diets for breakfast and lunch on the day preceding colonoscopy in children. METHODS: This prospective, randomized trial was conducted at the Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition in Warsaw, Poland. Eligible patients, referred for colonoscopies, were 6 to 18 years old...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099476/assessment-of-a-health-promotion-model-on-obese-turkish-children
#7
Berna Eren Fidanci, Nalan Akbayrak, Filiz Arslan
BACKGROUND: Studies of childhood obesity have shown that fostering healthy life behaviors is more important than losing weight. However, studies reporting this result did not use a theoretical nursing model, which offers a systematic approach and scientific basis for studying the concepts and principles of nursing practice. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of an intervention that is based on Nola J. Pender's Health Promotion Model (HPM) on the healthy life behaviors and self-confidence of obese children...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068599/body-composition-in-13-year-old-adolescents-with-abdominal-obesity-depending-on-the-bmi-value
#8
Zuzanna S Goluch-Koniuszy, Magdalena Kuchlewska
BACKGROUND: Excessive adipocyte growth during the pubertal transition predisposes to the development and persistence of obesity in adulthood. Visceral accumulation of body fat is particularly disadvantageous when it is correlated with insulin resistance, secondary hyperinsulinaemia, dysglicaemia, and atherogenic dyslipidemia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to conduct a nutritional status assessment and body composition analysis in 13-year-old adolescents of both genders with visceral fat accumulation (WC ≥ 90th percentile) and different BMI values...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031581/parent-perceptions-of-mobile-device-use-among%C3%A2-preschool-aged-children-in-rural-head%C3%A2-start-centers
#9
Morgan McCloskey, Susan L Johnson, Cristen Benz, Darcy A Thompson, Barbara Chamberlin, Lauren Clark, Laura L Bellows
OBJECTIVE: To describe child use and parents' beliefs and comfort with young children's use of mobile devices in low-income, rural communities. METHODS: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. The survey, which consisted of 18 multiple-part questions, was distributed to families at 5 Head Start/preschool centers in Colorado. RESULTS: In total, 192 surveys were returned (28.5% response rate). Most children (92%) used a smartphone or tablet at some frequency and most parents (90%) had downloaded apps specifically for their child...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989577/creating-a-school-nutrition-environment-index-and-pilot-testing-it-in-elementary-and-middle-schools-in-urban-south-korea
#10
Sohyun Park, Kwang-Il Kwon, Soon Ju Kweon, Youfa Wang, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The role of a school's nutrition environment in explaining students' eating behaviors and weight status has not been examined in an Asian setting. The purpose of this study was to create a school nutrition environment index and to pilot test the index in elementary and middle schools in urban South Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study used a mixed-methods approach. Environment assessment tools were developed based on formative research, which comprised literature reviews, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970765/prevalence-and-determinants-of-stunting-among-primary-school-children-in-rural-and-urban-communities-in-obafemi-owode-local-government-area-southwestern-nigeria
#11
W U Adenuga, T A Obembe, K O Odebunmi, M C Asuzu
BACKGROUND: Studies on stunting in children have largely focused on the underfive, establishing it as a strong predictor of mortality in these children. Few studies have documented the prevalence or determinants of stunting among school children in southwestern Nigeria. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of stunting among selected primary school children in rural and urban communities of Obafemi Owode Local Government Area, Ogun State. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of rural and urban primary school children was conducted...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969899/factors-affecting-nutrition-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-hispanic-families-with-young-children-implications-for-obesity-policies-and-programs
#12
Jamie Stang, Zobeida Bonilla
OBJECTIVE: To determine preferred policies and programs to prevent obesity and diabetes as identified by parents and caregivers of 3- to 5-year-old Latino children. DESIGN: Constructs from the Social Ecological Model were used to develop 10 focus group and key informant interview questions. SETTING: Community venues and schools in St Paul, MN. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 64 parents and caregivers and 20 key informants provided comments...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936391/evaluation-of-a-multi-year-policy-focused-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-related-behaviors-in-lower-resourced-early-care-and-education-settings-active-early-2-0
#13
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Jill Hoiting, Abbe Braun, Tara L LaRowe, Alexandra K Adams
Physical activity is a critical component of obesity prevention, but few interventions targeting early childhood have been described. The Active Early guide was designed to increase physical activity in early care and education (ECE) settings. The purpose of Active Early 2.0 was to evaluate the effectiveness of Active Early along with provider training, microgrant support, and technical assistance over 2 years (2012-2014) to increase physical activity and related behaviors (e.g., nutrition) in settings serving a high proportion of children from underserved groups in recognition of significant disparities in obesity and challenges meeting physical activity recommendations in low-resource settings...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924002/variations-in-infant-and-childhood-vitamin-d-supplementation-programmes-across-europe-and-factors-influencing-adherence
#14
Suma Uday, Ardita Kongjonaj, Magda Aguiar, Ted Tulchinsky, Wolfgang Högler
BACKGROUND: Nutritional rickets is a growing global public health concern despite existing prevention programmes and health policies. We aimed to compare infant and childhood vitamin D supplementation policies, implementation strategies and practices across Europe and explore factors influencing adherence. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Bone and Growth Plate Working Group members and other specialists completed a questionnaire on country-specific vitamin D supplementation policy and child health care programmes, socioeconomic factors, policy implementation strategies and adherence...
November 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#15
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893188/developing-genome-reduced-pseudomonas-chlororaphis-strains-for-the-production-of-secondary-metabolites
#16
Xuemei Shen, Zheng Wang, Xianqing Huang, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The current chassis organisms or various types of cell factories have considerable advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, it is necessary to develop various chassis for an efficient production of different bioproducts from renewable resources. In this context, synthetic biology offers unique potentialities to produce value-added products of interests. Microbial genome reduction and modification are important strategies for constructing cellular chassis and cell factories...
September 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890794/engaging-experts-and-patients-to-refine-the-nutrition-literacy-assessment-instrument
#17
Heather D Gibbs, Susan Harvey, Sarah Owens, Diane Boyle, Debra K Sullivan
BACKGROUND: An objective measure of nutrition literacy is unavailable for use in the primary care population. The Nutrition Literacy Assessment instrument (NLit) is a tool designed to measure nutrition literacy across six domains and has been previously piloted in breast cancer and parent populations. The purpose of this research was to engage nutrition experts and patients to guide revisions of the NLit for use in adult primary care. METHODS: Experts (n=5) reviewed each item in the NLit using a survey to assign rankings of their agreement according to relevance, clarity, and reading difficulty...
2017: BMC Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874047/concentration-of-beneficial-phytochemicals-in-harvested-grain-of-u-s-yellow-dent-maize-zea-mays-l-germplasm
#18
Carrie J Butts-Wilmsmeyer, Rita H Mumm, Martin O Bohn
Although previous studies have examined the concentration of various nutritional compounds in maize, little focus has been devoted to the study of commercial maize hybrids or their inbred parents. In this study, a genetically and phenotypically diverse set of maize hybrids and inbreds relevant to U.S. commercial maize germplasm was evaluated for its variability in phytochemical content. Total protein, unsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols, soluble phenolics, and insoluble-bound phenolics were evaluated in this study...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835364/home-and-community-based-growth-monitoring-to-reduce-early-life-growth-faltering-an-open-label-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Günther Fink, Rachel Levenson, Sarah Tembo, Peter C Rockers
Background: Despite the continued high prevalence of faltering growth, height monitoring remains limited in many low- and middle-income countries.Objective: The objective of this study was to test whether providing parents with information on their child's height can improve children's height and developmental outcomes.Design: Villages in Chipata District, Zambia (n = 127), were randomly assigned with equal probability to 1 of 3 groups: home-based growth monitoring (HBGM), community-based growth monitoring including nutritional supplementation for children with stunted growth (CBGM+NS), and control...
October 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821388/a-case-control-analysis-investigating-risk-factors-and-outcomes-for-nephrocalcinosis-and-renal-calculi-in-neonates
#20
Melissa Huynh, Roderick Clark, Jenny Li, Guido Filler, Sumit Dave
INTRODUCTION: Studies on outcomes and risk factors for neonatal nephrocalcinosis (NC) and renal calculi (RC) are limited, and often do not include controls for comparison. We conducted a case-control analysis to identify risk factors associated with NC and/or RC in neonates and studied the natural course of these anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: Infants diagnosed with NC/RC on ultrasound within the first year of life and corresponding gestational age- and gender-matched controls were identified from the neonatal intensive care unit database at our institution over a 10-year period...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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