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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936391/evaluation-of-a-multi-year-policy-focused-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-related-behaviors-in-lower-resourced-early-care-and-education-settings-active-early-2-0
#1
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Jill Hoiting, Abbe Braun, Tara L LaRowe, Alexandra K Adams
Physical activity is a critical component of obesity prevention, but few interventions targeting early childhood have been described. The Active Early guide was designed to increase physical activity in early care and education (ECE) settings. The purpose of Active Early 2.0 was to evaluate the effectiveness of Active Early along with provider training, microgrant support, and technical assistance over 2 years (2012-2014) to increase physical activity and related behaviors (e.g., nutrition) in settings serving a high proportion of children from underserved groups in recognition of significant disparities in obesity and challenges meeting physical activity recommendations in low-resource settings...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924002/variations-in-infant-and-childhood-vitamin-d-supplementation-programs-across-europe-and-factors-influencing-adherence
#2
Suma Uday, Ardita Kongjonaj, Magda Aguiar, Ted Tulchinsky, Wolfgang Hoegler
BACKGROUND: Nutritional rickets is a growing global public health concern despite existing prevention programs and health policies. We aimed to compare infant and childhood vitamin D supplementation policies, implementation strategies and practices across Europe and explore factors influencing adherence. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Bone and Growth Plate Working Group members and other specialists completed a questionnaire on country-specific vitamin D supplementation policy and child healthcare programs, socioeconomic factors, policy implementation strategies, and adherence...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#3
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893188/developing-genome-reduced-pseudomonas-chlororaphis-strains-for-the-production-of-secondary-metabolites
#4
Xuemei Shen, Zheng Wang, Xianqing Huang, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The current chassis organisms or various types of cell factories have considerable advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, it is necessary to develop various chassis for an efficient production of different bioproducts from renewable resources. In this context, synthetic biology offers unique potentialities to produce value-added products of interests. Microbial genome reduction and modification are important strategies for constructing cellular chassis and cell factories...
September 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890794/engaging-experts-and-patients-to-refine-the-nutrition-literacy-assessment-instrument
#5
Heather D Gibbs, Susan Harvey, Sarah Owens, Diane Boyle, Debra K Sullivan
BACKGROUND: An objective measure of nutrition literacy is unavailable for use in the primary care population. The Nutrition Literacy Assessment instrument (NLit) is a tool designed to measure nutrition literacy across six domains and has been previously piloted in breast cancer and parent populations. The purpose of this research was to engage nutrition experts and patients to guide revisions of the NLit for use in adult primary care. METHODS: Experts (n=5) reviewed each item in the NLit using a survey to assign rankings of their agreement according to relevance, clarity, and reading difficulty...
2017: BMC Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874047/concentration-of-beneficial-phytochemicals-in-harvested-grain-of-us-yellow-dent-maize-zea-mays-l-germplasm
#6
Carrie J Butts-Wilmsmeyer, Rita H Mumm, Martin O Bohn
Although previous studies have examined the concentration of various nutritional compounds in maize, little focus has been devoted to the study of commercial maize hybrids or their inbred parents. In this study, a genetically and phenotypically diverse set of maize hybrids and inbreds relevant to U.S. commercial maize germplasm was evaluated for its variability in phytochemical content. Total protein, unsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols, soluble phenolics, and insoluble-bound phenolics were evaluated in this study...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835364/home-and-community-based-growth-monitoring-to-reduce-early-life-growth-faltering-an-open-label-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Günther Fink, Rachel Levenson, Sarah Tembo, Peter C Rockers
Background: Despite the continued high prevalence of faltering growth, height monitoring remains limited in many low- and middle-income countries.Objective: The objective of this study was to test whether providing parents with information on their child's height can improve children's height and developmental outcomes.Design: Villages in Chipata District, Zambia (n = 127), were randomly assigned with equal probability to 1 of 3 groups: home-based growth monitoring (HBGM), community-based growth monitoring including nutritional supplementation for children with stunted growth (CBGM+NS), and control...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821388/a-case-control-analysis-investigating-risk-factors-and-outcomes-for-nephrocalcinosis-and-renal-calculi-in-neonates
#8
Melissa Huynh, Roderick Clark, Jenny Li, Guido Filler, Sumit Dave
INTRODUCTION: Studies on outcomes and risk factors for neonatal nephrocalcinosis (NC) and renal calculi (RC) are limited, and often do not include controls for comparison. We conducted a case-control analysis to identify risk factors associated with NC and/or RC in neonates and studied the natural course of these anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: Infants diagnosed with NC/RC on ultrasound within the first year of life and corresponding gestational age- and gender-matched controls were identified from the neonatal intensive care unit database at our institution over a 10-year period...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805096/perioperative-nursing-of-tracheal-silicon-stent-implantation-in-infants-report-on-four-cases
#9
Deli Li, Xiaoqing Li, Xiuli Yan, Yue Gu, Xueqin Yang, Fanzheng Meng
Since the middle of 2014, totally four tracheal silicon stent implantation were performed in our center. Of them, one case was recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula and the other three cases were tracheomalacia. Specifically, parents' psychological support, infants' nutrition support and airway care were key responses for a nurse before implantation. During the procedure of stent implantation, it was responsible for a nurse to closely monitor the infants and to support operator. After the implantation, airway care and prevention of intra-airway bacterial colonization were important to avoid complications such as hemoptysis or hemorrhage, airway obstruction, and stent displacement...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799009/genome-wide-survey-and-characterization-of-fatty-acid-desaturase-gene-family-in-brassica-napus-and-its-parental-species
#10
Yufei Xue, Baojun Chen, Rui Wang, Aung Naing Win, Jiana Li, Yourong Chai
Rapeseed (Brassica napus) is an important oilseed crop worldwide, and fatty acid (FA) compositions determine the nutritional and economic value of its seed oil. Fatty acid desaturases (FADs) play a pivotal role in regulating FA compositions, but to date, no comprehensive genome-wide analysis of FAD gene family in rapeseed and its parent species has been reported. In this study, using homology searches, 84, 45, and 44 FAD genes were identified in rapeseed, Brassica rapa, and Brassica oleracea genomes, respectively...
August 10, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797704/preventing-weight-related-problems-among-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomized-trial-comparing-the-brazilian-new-moves-program-versus-observation
#11
Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
PURPOSE: To conduct a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the Brazilian version of the New Moves program (NMP) versus observation among Brazilian adolescent girls. METHODS: Ten schools were randomly allocated to the Brazilian NMP or the observation arm. Study participants included 12-14-year-old girls. Recruitment occurred between February 2014 and March 2015. The NMP included sports, nutritional support, motivational interviews, collective lunch, and parental information materials...
August 7, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758956/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-patterns-and-their-associations-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-anthropometric-status-and-nutrient-intake-profiles-among-malaysian-children-aged-1-6-years
#12
Kar Hau Chong, Shoo Thien Lee, Swee Ai Ng, Ilse Khouw, Bee Koon Poh
This study aimed to assess fruit and vegetable intake patterns and their associations with sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric status and nutrient intake profiles among Malaysian children aged 1-6 years. Using the Malaysian dataset of South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS Malaysia), a total of 1307 children aged 1-6 years with complete datasets were included in this analysis. Dietary intake was assessed using age-specific, validated food frequency questionnaires. On average, Malaysian children consumed 0...
July 31, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754485/prevalence-and-incidence-of-pressure-injuries-in-pediatric-hospitals-in-the-city-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-sp-brazil
#13
Donata Maria de Souza Pellegrino, Julieta Maria Ferreira Chacon, Leila Blanes, Lydia Masako Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence and prevalence of pressure injuries (PIs) in children admitted to hospitals in the city of São Paulo, and assess the association between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics with hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 543 children were evaluated, and their sociodemographic and clinical data were recorded. Student's t, Wilcoxon, chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests were used to assess associations between risk factors and the occurrence of HAPIs...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#14
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739490/are-single-children-more-likely-to-be-overweight-or-obese-than-those-with-siblings-the-influence-of-china-s-one-child-policy-on-childhood-obesity
#15
Jungwon Min, Hong Xue, Vivian H C Wang, Miao Li, Youfa Wang
China's one-child policy (1979-2015) has affected Chinese parenting practices and children's health behaviors and also may have contributed to increased childhood obesity. However, very limited research has investigated the association between one-child policy and childhood obesity. We examined characteristics of single-child families and the influence of one-child policy (indicated by single-child status) on children's weight status and related health behaviors. Data from children aged 6-18years old in the 2011 (n=1580) and 2000 (n=2317) China Health and Nutrition Survey were cross-sectionally analyzed with multilevel models...
July 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737424/facilitator-and-participant-use-of-facebook-in-a-community-based-intervention-for-parents-the-infant-extend-program
#16
Katherine L Downing, Karen J Campbell, Paige van der Pligt, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites such as Facebook afford new opportunities for behavior-change interventions. Although often used as a recruitment tool, few studies have reported the use of Facebook as an intervention component to facilitate communication between researchers and participants. The aim of this study was to examine facilitator and participant use of a Facebook component of a community-based intervention for parents. METHODS: First-time parent groups participating in the intervention arm of the extended Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) Program were invited to join their own private Facebook group...
July 24, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731642/utility-of-a-brief-index-to-measure-diet-quality-of-australian-preschoolers-in-the-feeding-healthy-food-to-kids-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Kerith Duncanson, Yu Qi Lee, Tracy Burrows, Clare Collins
AIM: The aim was to evaluate the utility of a brief dietary intake assessment tool in measuring nutritional adequacy of preschoolers and differences in food and nutrient intake between quartiles stratified by overall diet quality. METHODS: Dietary intakes of preschoolers (n = 146) from the Feeding Healthy Food to Kids trial were reported by parents/caregivers using a 120-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Diet quality was assessed using the Australian Recommended Food Score for Preschoolers...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#18
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729201/assessing-parents-receptiveness-to-a-vegetable-focussed-in-school-nutrition-intervention
#19
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Iain S Pratt, Shannon Wright, Gael Myers
OBJECTIVE: Crunch&Sip is an Australian school-based initiative designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables, and water among primary school children. To address the significant deficiencies in children's vegetable intake, the present study aimed to examine the responsiveness of parents (the main providers of food for Crunch&Sip) to a modified version of the program that focuses primarily on vegetable consumption. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 329 Western Australian parents completed an online questionnaire examining their support for a vegetable focus for Crunch&Sip and any perceived barriers, motivators, and facilitators...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723611/parent-reported-nutritional-risk-and-laboratory-indices-of-cardiometabolic-risk-and-in-preschool-aged-children
#20
Navindra Persaud, Hedyeh Ziai, Gerald Lebovic, Jonathon L Maguire, Marina Khovratovich, Janis A Randall Simpson, Khosrow Adeli, Jill Hamilton, Brian W McCrindle, Patricia C Parkin, Catherine S Birken
BACKGROUND: Eating habits formed during childhood may contribute to the increasing prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders. Assessing nutritional risk in young children may help to prevent later cardiometabolic disease. The objective of this study was to determine whether parent-reported nutritional risk in preschool-aged children was associated with laboratory indices of cardiometabolic risk, namely leptin and insulin. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the relationship between nutritional risk as determined by the parent-completed NutriSTEP® questionnaire was assessed and compared to the serum leptin and insulin concentrations, hormones involved in regulation of food intake and biomarkers of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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