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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776784/100-juice-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-children-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-and-nonparticipants
#1
Kelsey A Vercammen, Alyssa J Moran, Laura Y Zatz, Eric B Rimm
INTRODUCTION: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides monthly food packages to low-income children (aged 1-4 years) in the U.S., including 128 ounces of 100% fruit juice and an $8 cash value voucher for purchasing fruits and vegetables. The fruit juice allowance translates to 71%-107% of the maximum intake recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics (4-6 ounces/day). Careful examination of WIC food package allocations is necessary because overconsumption of fruit juice among young children has been linked to weight gain and juice lacks important nutrients found in whole fruit (e...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759796/factors-associated-with-anthropometric-indicators-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-hemodialysis-and-after-kidney-transplant
#2
Julieta García De Alba Verduzco, Erika Fabiola Hurtado López, Consuelo Pontón Vázquez, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Enrique Romero Velarde, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to demonstrate that there are differences in the factors associated with anthropometric indicators of nutritional status, with particular emphasis on arm indicators, in children with end-stage kidney disease undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD), and after kidney transplant (KT). METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study of consecutive cases included 130 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease undergoing substitutive treatment: 49 patients who underwent KT, 33 undergoing PD, and 47 undergoing HD...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695211/continuation-of-oral-nutritional-supplementation-supports-continued-growth-in-nutritionally-at-risk-children-with-picky-eating-behaviour-a-post-intervention-observational-follow-up-study
#3
Apurba K Ghosh, Bala Kishore, Irfan Shaikh, Vinita Satyavrat, Anil Kumar, Tapan Shah, Prahlad Pote, Sandeep Shinde, Yatin Berde, Yen Ling Low, Verena M H Tan, Dieu T T Huynh
Objectives To evaluate the 120-day post-intervention growth trajectory of picky-eating children aged 2 to 6 years who previously completed a 90-day, randomized, controlled trial of oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) plus dietary counselling (DC) (SDC, n = 98) compared with DC alone (n = 105). Methods A total of 203 children were included. Children were free to consume ONS during follow-up. Information on ONS consumption was collected. Weight-for-age percentile (WAP) and height-for-age percentile (HAP) were measured at Day 90 (beginning) and Day 210 (end point)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680117/changes-in-nutrition-policies-and-dietary-intake-in-child-care-homes-participating-in-healthy-eating-and-active-living-initiative
#4
Gail Woodward-Lopez, Janice Kao, Elena S Kuo, Paula James, Kitty Lenhart, Christina Becker, Kathryn Boyle, Dana Williamson, Suzanne Rauzon
INTRODUCTION: From 2012 to 2014, a total of 17 family child care homes participated in a multisector, community-wide initiative to prevent obesity. Strategies included staff workshops, materials, site visits, and technical assistance regarding development and implementation of nutrition policies. The purpose of the evaluation was to examine the impact of the initiative on family child care home nutrition-related policies and practices and child dietary intake. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post-intervention without control group...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676928/effect-of-reflexology-on-infantile-colic
#5
Sibel Icke, Rabia Genc
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of reflexology on infantile colic. DESIGN: A total of 64 babies with colic were included in this study (n = 31: study group; n = 33: control group). Following a pediatrician's diagnosis, two groups (study and control) were created. Sociodemographic data (including mother's age, educational status, and smoking habits of parents) and medical history of the baby (including gender, birth weight, mode of delivery, time of the onset breastfeeding after birth, and nutrition style) were collected...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670260/familial-clustering-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-via-shared-environment-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2012
#6
Namki Hong, Young Ki Lee, Yumie Rhee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Familial correlation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration (25(OH)D) was reported in twin- or parent-offspring studies. However, data on relative contribution of environmental factors on familial clustering of 25(OH)D in extended families are limited. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We performed cross-sectional study using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2012. Familial correlations of 25(OH)D were estimated in 28,551 subjects from 10,882 families...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650942/-a-case-of-successful-management-of-postoperative-chylous-ascites-by-combination-therapy-with-octreotide-and-etilefrine
#7
Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Junzo Shimizu, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Akihiro Takata, Chizu Kameda, Ryohei Kawabata, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Junichi Hasegawa
We have report a case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic body cancer. Chy- lous ascites with high triglyceride(TG)level, 201mg/dL, occurred on postoperative day 2. Continuous drainage and conservative management, such as low fat diet, fasting, total parental nutrition, and octreotide monotherapy, could not resolve the problem. Successful treatment was achieved using subcutaneous octreotide injection and intravenous etilefrine infusion without any adverse side-effect. These medications were able to cause smooth muscle contraction in the thoracic duct, and also to reduce chyle flow...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606021/wastage-of-standardised-parenteral-nutrition-solution-a-challenge-for-neonatal-units
#8
Mangesh Deshmukh, Jessica Grzejszczyk, Shailender Mehta, Sanjay Patole
BACKGROUND: Standardised parental nutrition (PN) has been used in many neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Easy accessibility, better provision of nutrients, reduced prescription errors and cost savings are some of its benefits. Fixed large volume (e.g. 750-1000 mL) and short expiry limit (48 hrs) along with changing metabolic needs of neonates leads to significant wastage of PN solution. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate wastage of PN solution in our 22-bedded NICU. METHODS: The audit was conducted over 21-month period (July 2015-April 2017)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596284/a-case-of-wernicke-encephalopathy-developing-after-ileal-bypass-surgery
#9
Tülay Kamaşak, Sibel Kul, Mustafa Tuşat, Nezir Ozgun, Ali Cansu
Wernicke encephalopathy is an acute neurological problem resulting from thiamine deficiency and manifesting with mental confusion, oculomotor dysfunction, and ataxia. It is associated with alcohol dependence in adults. Preparatory factors include hyperemesis gravidarum, prolonged diarrhea, prolonged parental nutrition without vitamin support, absorption disorders, anorexia, cancer, and chemotherapy. Failure to consider the clinical findings and preparatory factors of this disease, which is rare in children, can delay diagnosis...
March 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574570/identification-and-validation-of-genomic-regions-influencing-kernel-zinc-and-iron-in-maize
#10
Vemuri Hindu, Natalia Palacios-Rojas, Raman Babu, Willy B Suwarno, Zerka Rashid, Rayalcheruvu Usha, Gajanan R Saykhedkar, Sudha K Nair
Genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 923 maize lines and validation in bi-parental populations identified significant genomic regions for kernel-Zinc and-Iron in maize. Bio-fortification of maize with elevated Zinc (Zn) and Iron (Fe) holds considerable promise for alleviating under-nutrition among the world's poor. Bio-fortification through molecular breeding could be an economical strategy for developing nutritious maize, and hence in this study, we adopted GWAS to identify markers associated with high kernel-Zn and Fe in maize and subsequently validated marker-trait associations in independent bi-parental populations...
March 24, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558321/effect-of-a-pilot-multi-component-intervention-on-motor-performance-and-metabolic-risks-in-overweight-obese-youth
#11
Dominique Silva Silveira, Luis Filipe Gomes Barbosa Ferreira Lemos, Rafael Miranda Tassitano, Maria Teresa Cattuzzo, Anderson Henry Pereira Feitoza, Luisa Maria Seara Moreira Carneiro Aires, Jorge Augusto Pinto Silva Mota, Clarice Maria de Lucena Martins
This study evaluated the effect of a multi-component intervention on motor performance (MP) and metabolic risk markers (MRM) in overweight/obese youth. A secondary aim was to examine whether changes in MP are associated to changes in MRM. A 3-month multi-component intervention was performed, consisting of physical exercise sessions (twice/week;1h), nutritional education sessions (once/month), and parental support (twice/week). The sample included 35 volunteers (7-13 y.o), allocated to intervention (INT, n = 17) and control (CONT, n = 18) group...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514329/validation-of-the-subjective-global-nutrition-assessment-sgna-and-screening-tool-for-the-assessment-of-malnutrition-in-paediatrics-stamp-to-identify-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-malaysian-children
#12
Shu Hwa Ong, Winnie Siew Swee Chee, L Mageswary Lapchmanan, Shan Ni Ong, Zhi Chin Lua, Jowynna Xia-Ni Yeo
Background: Early detection of malnutrition in hospitalized children helps reduce length of hospital stay and morbidity. A validated nutrition tool is essential to correctly identify children at risk of malnutrition or who are already malnourished. This study compared the use of the Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment (SGNA, nutrition assessment tool) and Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Paediatrics (STAMP, nutrition screening tool) with objective nutritional parameters to identify malnutrition in hospitalized children...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505965/promoting-physical-activity-healthy-eating-and-gross-motor-skills-development-among-preschoolers-attending-childcare-centers-process-evaluation-of-the-healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-intervention-using-the-re-aim-framework
#13
Stéphanie Ward, Amanda Froehlich Chow, M Louise Humbert, Mathieu Bélanger, Nazeem Muhajarine, Hassan Vatanparast, Anne Leis
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention was developed to promote physical activity, gross motor skills and healthy eating among preschoolers attending childcare centers. This process evaluation aimed to report the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation and maintenance of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention. METHODS: The RE-AIM framework was used to guide this process evaluation. Data were collected across 140 childcare centers who received the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention in the provinces of Saskatchewan and New Brunswick, Canada...
June 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494489/galacto-oligosaccharide-polidextrose-enriched-formula-protects-against-respiratory-infections-in-infants-at-high-risk-of-atopy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Giusy Ranucci, Vittoria Buccigrossi, Eleonora Borgia, Daniela Piacentini, Federica Visentin, Luigi Cantarutti, Paola Baiardi, Mariagrazia Felisi, Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Stefania Zanconato, Eugenio Baraldi, Carlo Giaquinto, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Early nutrition affects the risk of atopy and infections through modifications of intestinal microbiota. The Prebiotics in the Prevention of Atopy (PIPA) study was a 24-month randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. It aimed to evaluate the effects of a galacto-oligosaccharide/polydextrose (GOS/PDX)-formula (PF) on atopic dermatitis (AD) and common infections in infants who were born to atopic parents and to investigate the relationship among early nutrition, gut microbiota and clinical outcomes...
March 1, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493122/the-longitudinal-relationship-between-community-programmes-and-policies-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-bmi-in-children-the-healthy-communities-study
#15
W J Strauss, J Nagaraja, A J Landgraf, S S Arteaga, S B Fawcett, L D Ritchie, L V John, M Gregoriou, E A Frongillo, C M Loria, S A Weber, V L Collie-Akers, K L McIver, J Schultz, R D F Sagatov, E S Leifer, K Webb, R R Pate
BACKGROUND: Although a national epidemic of childhood obesity is apparent, how community-based programmes and policies (CPPs) affect this outcome is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the longitudinal relationship between the intensity of CPPs in 130 communities over 10 years and body mass index (BMI) of resident children. We also examined whether these relationships differ by key family or community characteristics. METHODS: Five thousand one hundred thirty-eight children in grades K-8 were recruited through 436 schools located within 130 diverse US communities...
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470360/oral-supplementation-with-bovine-colostrum-prevents-septic-shock-and-brain-barrier-disruption-during-bloodstream-infection-in-preterm-newborn-pigs
#16
Anders Brunse, Päivi Worsøe, Susanne Elisabeth Pors, Kerstin Skovgaard, Per Torp Sangild
Preterm infants have increased risk of neonatal sepsis, potentially inducing brain injury, and they may benefit from early initiation of enteral milk feeding. Using preterm pigs as models, we hypothesized that early provision of bovine colostrum to parentally nourished newborns protects against sepsis and neuroinflammation during bloodstream infection. Preterm newborn pigs were administered 10 CFU/kg of intra-arterial Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE, an opportunistic pathogen often causing sepsis in preterm infants), followed by administration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN, SE + TPN, n = 15) or oral provision of bovine colostrum with supplementary parenteral nutrition (SE + COL, n = 14), and compared with uninfected, TPN-nourished controls (CON + TPN, n = 11)...
February 21, 2018: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396153/no-improvements-in-postnatal-dietary-outcomes-were-observed-in-a-two-arm-randomized-controlled-comparative-impact-trial-among-rural-southern-african-american-women
#17
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Alicia S Landry, Melissa H Goodman
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal diet quality, prevalent among postpartum women, is troubling for mothers and their children because positive relationships between maternal and child diet quality exist. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine whether postnatal diet quality scores of participants in the two treatment arms differed or changed over time. DESIGN: Delta Healthy Sprouts was a two-arm, randomized, controlled, comparative impact trial...
January 27, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393863/risk-factors-for-obesity-and-overfat-among-primary-school-children-in-mashonaland-west-province-zimbabwe
#18
George Kambondo, Benn Sartorius
Associated childhood obesity risk factors are not well established in developing countries such as Zimbabwe and this information is essential for tailored intervention development. This study aimed to identify prominent risk factors for overweight/obese and overfat/obese among primary school children of Mashonaland West Province in Zimbabwe. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted using multi-stage random cluster sampling approach (30 × 30). Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was employed and identified the risk factors for overweight/obese and overfat/obese...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385769/the-great-child%C3%A2-trial-a-quasi-experimental-intervention-on-whole-grains-with-healthy-balanced-diet-to-manage-childhood-obesity-in-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#19
Hui Chin Koo, Bee Koon Poh, Ruzita Abd Talib
Background: The GReat-Child Trial was a quasi-experimental intervention that has emphasized whole grain as a strategy to manage childhood obesity. Methods: Two schools in Kuala Lumpur with similar demographic characteristics were assigned as intervention (IG) and control (CG). Eligibility criteria were overweight/obese children aged 9 to 11 years who had no serious co-morbidity. Children who reported consuming wholegrain foods in their 3-day diet-recall during screening were excluded. A total of 63 children (31 IG; 32 CG) completed the entire intervention program...
January 30, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381899/identification-of-quantitative-trait-loci-for-the-fatty-acid-composition-in-korean-native-chicken
#20
Shil Jin, Dongwon Seo, Nu Ri Choi, Prabuddha Manjula, Muhammad Cahyadi, Samooel Jung, Cheorun Jo, Jun Heon Lee, Hee Bok Park
Objective: Fatty acid composition is one of the most important meat quality traits because it can contribute to functional, sensorial, and nutritional factors. In this study, quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses for fatty acid composition traits were investigated in thigh and breast meat of Korean native chicken (KNC). Methods: In total, 18 fatty acid composition traits were investigated from each meat sample using 88 parents, and 595 F1 chicks of 20 week old...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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