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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292383/mucopolysaccharidoses-clinical-spectrum-and-frequency-of-different-types
#1
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative frequency and clinical features of different varieties of mucopolysaccharidosis. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children's Hospital and The Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from January 2013 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: All patients who had any feature suggestive of mucopolysaccharidosis were screened with detailed history, clinical examination and skeletal survey...
February 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287195/-pilot-study-on-nutritional-and-eating-disorders-in-children-and-mood-disorders-comorbidity-or-prodromal-traits
#2
Paola Cimbolli, Álvaro Quiñones, Carla Ugarte, Adele De Pascale
INTRODUCTION: Both children affected by nutritional and eating disorders (ED) and adults with bipolar disorder (BD) display symptoms of deficient emotional self-regulation, which can present in different forms. If we observe the clinical and developmental histories of individuals affected by EDs and BD, based on a cognitive systemic post-rationalist approach, we can hypothesise a continuum between the two disorders. The aim of this pilot study is to support the hypothesis - from an explanatory rather than a non-descriptive approach - that EDs and BD are the possible result of issues tied to biological and psychological self-regulation...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286164/changing-children-s-eating-behaviour-a-review-of-experimental-research
#3
REVIEW
Patricia DeCosta, Per Møller, Michael Bom Frøst, Annemarie Olsen
The interest in children's eating behaviours and how to change them has been growing in recent years. This review examines the following questions: What strategies have been used to change children's eating behaviours? Have their effects been experimentally demonstrated? And, are the effects transient or enduring? Medline and Cab abstract (Ovid) and Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) were used to identify the experimental studies. A total of 120 experimental studies were identified and they are presented grouped within these 11 topics; parental control, reward, social facilitation, cooking programs, school gardens, sensory education, availability and accessibility, choice architecture and nudging, branding and food packaging, preparation and serving style, and offering a choice...
March 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282063/lower-urinary-cotinine-level-is-associated-with-a-trend-toward-more-myopic-refractive-errors-in-korean-adolescents
#4
G E Nam, B E Hwang, Y-C Lee, J-S Paik, S-W Yang, Y-H Chun, K Han, Y G Park, S H Park
PurposeTo investigate the association between urinary cotinine levels as an objective biological marker for exposure to nicotine and refractive status.Patients and methodsThis cross-sectional study analyzed data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2008 and 2011. A total of 1139 Korean adolescents aged 12-18 years were enrolled. Urinary cotinine concentrations and other potential risk factors for myopia were examined. Correlation analyses and multivariate regression analysis were performed to investigate the association between urinary cotinine level and refractive error...
March 10, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260244/lessons-learned-from-the-implementation-of-brighter-bites-a-food-co-op-to-increase-access-to-fruits-and-vegetables-and-nutrition-education-among-low-income-children-and-their-families
#5
Shreela V Sharma, Joanne Chow, Michael Pomeroy, Margaret Raber, David Salako, Christine Markham
BACKGROUND: Food co-op models have gained popularity as a mechanism for offering affordable, quality produce. We describe the challenges, successes, and lessons learned from implementation of a school-based program using a food co-op model combined with nutrition education to improve access to and intake of fresh fruits and vegetables among low-income children and their families. METHODS: Brighter Bites is a 16-week intervention comprising of fresh produce deliveries, recipe demonstrations, and nutrition education...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244709/diet-quality-and-eating-behavioural-patterns-in-preschool-children-in-hong-kong
#6
Pui-Sze Yip, Vivian Wai-Yen Chan, Queenie Kwan-Yee Lee, Hang-Mei Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the diet quality and eating behaviour of preschool children, investigate parents' feeding practices, and obtain information on the kindergarten nutrition environment of Hong Kong children aged 30-60 months. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Dietary information was obtained using multiple 24-hour recalls. Questionnaires were developed to obtain information on children' seating behaviour, parents' feeding practices and preschool nutrition environment...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217587/is-small-town-india-falling-into-the-nutritional-trap-of-metro-cities-a-study-in-school-going-adolescents
#7
Tabassum Nawab, Zulfia Khan, Iqbal Mohammed Khan, Mohammed Athar Ansari
INTRODUCTION: There has been an increasing secular trend in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in developing countries. The prevalence reported among children and adolescents of some metro cities in India are comparable to that in some developed countries. Westernization of culture, rapid mushrooming of fast food joints, lack of physical activity, and increasing sedentary pursuits in the metro cities are some of the reasons implicated for this. The nutritional changes in small town school children might be following the same pattern of larger cities...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199319/development-of-food-photographs-for-use-with-children-aged-18-months-to-16-years-comparison-against-weighed-food-diaries-the-young-person-s-food-atlas-uk
#8
Emma Foster, Adrian Hawkins, Karen L Barton, Elaine Stamp, John N S Matthews, Ashley J Adamson
Traditional dietary assessment methods, used in the UK, such as weighed food diaries impose a large participant burden, often resulting in difficulty recruiting representative samples and underreporting of energy intakes. One approach to reducing the burden placed on the participant is to use portion size assessment tools to obtain an estimate of the amount of food consumed, removing the need to weigh all foods. An age range specific food atlas was developed for use in assessing children's dietary intakes. The foods selected and portion sizes depicted were derived from intakes recorded during the UK National Diet and Nutrition Surveys of children aged 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193168/genome-wide-snp-identification-linkage-map-construction-and-qtl-mapping-for-seed-mineral-concentrations-and-contents-in-pea-pisum-sativum-l
#9
Yu Ma, Clarice J Coyne, Michael A Grusak, Michael Mazourek, Peng Cheng, Dorrie Main, Rebecca J McGee
BACKGROUND: Marker-assisted breeding is now routinely used in major crops to facilitate more efficient cultivar improvement. This has been significantly enabled by the use of next-generation sequencing technology to identify loci and markers associated with traits of interest. While rich in a range of nutritional components, such as protein, mineral nutrients, carbohydrates and several vitamins, pea (Pisum sativum L.), one of the oldest domesticated crops in the world, remains behind many other crops in the availability of genomic and genetic resources...
February 13, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098057/totally-implantable-catheter-migration-and-its-percutaneous-retrieval-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
E Intagliata, F Basile, R Vecchio
Totally subcutaneous intravascular portals have been increasingly used to administer long-term chemotherapy and parental nutrition. The reported complications are rare. Accidental endovascular rupture of a fragment of catheter is one of the most formidable complications of the central vein catheterization. The Authors report a case of deployment of a Port-a-Cath catheter and its percutaneous retrieval. The catheter accidentally detached and migrated from the reservoir of the port-a-cath placed in the left subclavian vein to the right heart cavities through the blood stream...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095929/the-provision-of-healthy-food-in-a-school-tuck-shop-does-it-influence-primary-school-students-perceptions-attitudes-and-behaviours-towards-healthy-eating
#11
Francette Bekker, Maritha Marais, Nelene Koen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate students' tuck shop buying behaviour, choices of lunchbox items and healthy eating perceptions and attitudes at a school with a nutritionally regulated tuck shop and a school with a conventional tuck shop. DESIGN: Mixed-methods research comprising a cross-sectional survey and focus groups. SETTING: Bloemfontein, South Africa. SUBJECTS: Randomly selected grade 2 to 7 students from a school with a nutritionally regulated tuck shop (school A; n 116) and a school with a conventional tuck shop (school B; n 141) completed a self-administered questionnaire about perceptions, attitudes, buying behaviours and lunchbox content...
January 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080325/adequacy-of-parent-packed-lunches-and-preschooler-s-consumption-compared-to-dietary-reference-intake-recommendations
#12
Maria Jose Romo-Palafox, Nalini Ranjit, Sara J Sweitzer, Cindy Roberts-Gray, Courtney E Byrd-Williams, Margaret E Briley, Deanna M Hoelscher
BACKGROUND: U.S. preschool children consume inadequate amounts of key nutrients. Understanding the contents of lunches packed by parents and consumed by their children can help identify areas of opportunity for the development of healthy food preferences. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutrient adequacy of lunches packed by parents and consumed by children attending early care and education (ECE) centers. METHODS: Baseline data from 607 parent-child dyads in the "Lunch Is in the Bag" cluster-randomized controlled trial in Central Texas were examined...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077151/multi-strategic-intervention-to-enhance-implementation-of-healthy-canteen-policy-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole Nathan, Lisa M Janssen, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Tessa Delaney, Christopher M Williams, Colin Bell, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Libby Campbell, Christophe Lecathelinais, Chris Oldmeadow, Megan Freund, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: Internationally, governments have implemented school-based nutrition policies to restrict the availability of unhealthy foods from sale. The aim of the trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multi-strategic intervention to increase implementation of a state-wide healthy canteen policy. The impact of the intervention on the energy, total fat, and sodium of children's canteen purchases and on schools' canteen revenue was also assessed. METHODS: Australian primary schools with a canteen were randomised to receive a 12-14-month, multi-strategic intervention or to a no intervention control group...
January 11, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075147/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-the-feeding-exercise-randomized-trial-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents
#14
Anna Patsopoulou, Zoi Tsimtsiou, Antonios Katsioulis, Eleni Malissiova, George Rachiotis, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
BACKGROUND: The Feeding Exercise Trial in Adolescents (FETA) aimed to evaluate whether a community-based, parents-involving, combined physical activity and nutritional education program was effective in improving adiposity profiles in overweight and obese adolescents. METHODS: A total of 181 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-15 years old were randomized in the three study groups ("Diet & Activity," "Activity," and Control). The Activity intervention included a 45-minute, 3-day per week supervised training program, while the Diet & Activity intervention included a supplementary 15 minutes of group-based sessions attended by the parents...
January 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074329/dietary-adequacy-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-to-healthy-developing-children
#15
Nagwa A Meguid, Mona Anwar, Geir Bjørklund, Adel Hashish, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Maha Hemimi, Eman Sultan
Although the etiology and pathology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is still poorly understood, a number of environmental, anthropological, neurobiological and genetic factors have been related to the pathophysiology of ASD, even the impact of oxidative stress response related to the environment and nutrition intake. Usual recommended dietary habits are based on the combination of behavioral and dietary or nutraceutical interventions together with pharmacotherapy. Investigations about a reliable relationship between diet and ASD are still lacking...
April 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070760/the-generation-r-study-design-and-cohort-update-2017
#16
Marjolein N Kooijman, Claudia J Kruithof, Cornelia M van Duijn, Liesbeth Duijts, Oscar H Franco, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Johan C de Jongste, Caroline C W Klaver, Aad van der Lugt, Johan P Mackenbach, Henriëtte A Moll, Robin P Peeters, Hein Raat, Edmond H H M Rings, Fernando Rivadeneira, Marc P van der Schroeff, Eric A P Steegers, Henning Tiemeier, André G Uitterlinden, Frank C Verhulst, Eppo Wolvius, Janine F Felix, Vincent W V Jaddoe
The Generation R Study is a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life until adulthood. The study is designed to identify early environmental and genetic causes and causal pathways leading to normal and abnormal growth, development and health from fetal life, childhood and young adulthood. This multidisciplinary study focuses on several health outcomes including behaviour and cognition, body composition, eye development, growth, hearing, heart and vascular development, infectious disease and immunity, oral health and facial growth, respiratory health, allergy and skin disorders of children and their parents...
December 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061521/quality-of-life-after-surgical-treatment-for-esophageal-atresia-long-term-outcome-of-154-patients
#17
Alice Catherine Hölscher, Michael Laschat, Vera Choinitzki, Nadine Zwink, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Oliver Münsterer, Ralf Kurz, Marcus Pauly, Ulrike Brokmeier, Andreas Leutner, Benno Ure, Martin Lacher, Johannes Schumacher, Heiko Reutter, Thomas Michael Boemers
Background The short- and long-term surgical results in patients with esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have been described in depth from a physician's perspective. Contrarily, the perception and coping strategies of affected patients and their parents have rarely been reported. The aim of this study was to generate data on this matter. Patients and Methods A total of 154 patients who had operative reconstruction for EA between 1971 and 2012 were evaluated for demographic data, surgical technique, affection of daily life, and coping strategies...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058102/prevalence-demographic-characteristics-and-associated-risk-factors-of-malnutrition-among-0-5-aged-children-a-cross-sectional-study-from-van-eastern-turkey
#18
Baran Serdar Kizilyildiz, Bülent Sönmez, Kamuran Karaman, Burhan Beger, Adnan Mercen, Süleyman Alioglu, Yasar Cesur
Malnutrition in childhood is a dramatic indicator of poor socio-economical status worldwide. To recognize and reveal the socio-demographic features is crucial, especially for developing countries. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and association with sociodemographic variables of malnutrition in 0-5 years old children in Van, Turkey. A total of 702 children are included in this cross-sectional study. Demographic features of subject including age, gender, family characteristics and other data were obtained...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027636/a-social-cognitive-theory-based-programme-for-eating-patterns-and-sedentary-activity-among-overweight-adolescents-in-makassar-south-sulawesi-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Healthy Hidayanty, Saptawati Bardosono, Helda Khusun, Rita Damayanti, Risatianti Kolopaking
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social cognitive theory provides the opportunity for program development to enhance healthy personal behvioural characteristics. We devised study to employ social cognitive theory to reduce snacking habits and sedentary activity among overweight adolescents . METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eight junior high schools in Makassar city were randomly assigned as intervention and control schools. A total of 238 overweight students aged 11-15 years (BMI z-score >=1 SD, according to a 2007 report from the WHO) were recruited...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992977/-measurement-of-dietary-sodium-intake-in-a-group-of-children-from-one-to-18-months-of-age-in-a-pediatric-service-in-cali-colombia
#20
Adela Isabel Herrera, Kelly Bolaños, Javier Torres, Beatriz Gracia
INTRODUCTION: The fatty streaks in an arterial wall can appear from the third year of age, and they show an association with atherogenic risk factors such as hypertension and sodium in the diet. Given the difficulty of data gathering, few studies report the intake of sodium in the diet. OBJECTIVE: To determine average sodium intake in the diet of children between one and 18 months of age through a three-day dietary survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 48 children without renal disease or diet restrictions seen in pediatric practice between January and June, 2011...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
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