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total parental nutrition

Dominique Silva Silveira, Luis Filipe Gomes Barbosa Ferreira Lemos, Rafael Miranda Tassitano, Maria Teresa Cattuzzo, Anderson Henry Pereira Feitoza, Luisa Maria Seara Moreira Carneiro Aires, Jorge Augusto Pinto Silva Mota, Clarice Maria de Lucena Martins
This study evaluated the effect of a multi-component intervention on motor performance (MP) and metabolic risk markers (MRM) in overweight/obese youth. A secondary aim was to examine whether changes in MP are associated to changes in MRM. A 3-month multi-component intervention was performed, consisting of physical exercise sessions (twice/week;1h), nutritional education sessions (once/month), and parental support (twice/week). The sample included 35 volunteers (7-13 y.o), allocated to intervention (INT, n = 17) and control (CONT, n = 18) group...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Shu Hwa Ong, Winnie Siew Swee Chee, L Mageswary Lapchmanan, Shan Ni Ong, Zhi Chin Lua, Jowynna Xia-Ni Yeo
Background: Early detection of malnutrition in hospitalized children helps reduce length of hospital stay and morbidity. A validated nutrition tool is essential to correctly identify children at risk of malnutrition or who are already malnourished. This study compared the use of the Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment (SGNA, nutrition assessment tool) and Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Paediatrics (STAMP, nutrition screening tool) with objective nutritional parameters to identify malnutrition in hospitalized children...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Stéphanie Ward, Amanda Froehlich Chow, M Louise Humbert, Mathieu Bélanger, Nazeem Muhajarine, Hassan Vatanparast, Anne Leis
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention was developed to promote physical activity, gross motor skills and healthy eating among preschoolers attending childcare centers. This process evaluation aimed to report the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation and maintenance of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention. METHODS: The RE-AIM framework was used to guide this process evaluation. Data were collected across 140 childcare centers who received the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention in the provinces of Saskatchewan and New Brunswick, Canada...
February 14, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Giusy Ranucci, Vittoria Buccigrossi, Eleonora Borgia, Daniela Piacentini, Federica Visentin, Luigi Cantarutti, Paola Baiardi, Mariagrazia Felisi, Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Stefania Zanconato, Eugenio Baraldi, Carlo Giaquinto, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Early nutrition affects the risk of atopy and infections through modifications of intestinal microbiota. The Prebiotics in the Prevention of Atopy (PIPA) study was a 24-month randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. It aimed to evaluate the effects of a galacto-oligosaccharide/polydextrose (GOS/PDX)-formula (PF) on atopic dermatitis (AD) and common infections in infants who were born to atopic parents and to investigate the relationship among early nutrition, gut microbiota and clinical outcomes...
March 1, 2018: Nutrients
W J Strauss, J Nagaraja, A J Landgraf, S S Arteaga, S B Fawcett, L D Ritchie, L V John, M Gregoriou, E A Frongillo, C M Loria, S A Weber, V L Collie-Akers, K L McIver, J Schultz, R D F Sagatov, E S Leifer, K Webb, R R Pate
BACKGROUND: Although a national epidemic of childhood obesity is apparent, how community-based programmes and policies (CPPs) affect this outcome is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the longitudinal relationship between the intensity of CPPs in 130 communities over 10 years and body mass index (BMI) of resident children. We also examined whether these relationships differ by key family or community characteristics. METHODS: Five thousand one hundred thirty-eight children in grades K-8 were recruited through 436 schools located within 130 diverse US communities...
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Anders Brunse, Päivi Worsøe, Susanne Elisabeth Pors, Kerstin Skovgaard, Per Torp Sangild
Preterm infants have increased risk of neonatal sepsis, potentially inducing brain injury, and they may benefit from early initiation of enteral milk feeding. Using preterm pigs as models, we hypothesized that early provision of bovine colostrum to parentally nourished newborns protects against sepsis and neuroinflammation during bloodstream infection. Preterm newborn pigs were administered 10 CFU/kg of intra-arterial Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE, an opportunistic pathogen often causing sepsis in preterm infants), followed by administration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN, SE + TPN, n = 15) or oral provision of bovine colostrum with supplementary parenteral nutrition (SE + COL, n = 14), and compared with uninfected, TPN-nourished controls (CON + TPN, n = 11)...
February 21, 2018: Shock
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Alicia S Landry, Melissa H Goodman
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal diet quality, prevalent among postpartum women, is troubling for mothers and their children because positive relationships between maternal and child diet quality exist. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine whether postnatal diet quality scores of participants in the two treatment arms differed or changed over time. DESIGN: Delta Healthy Sprouts was a two-arm, randomized, controlled, comparative impact trial...
January 27, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
George Kambondo, Benn Sartorius
Associated childhood obesity risk factors are not well established in developing countries such as Zimbabwe and this information is essential for tailored intervention development. This study aimed to identify prominent risk factors for overweight/obese and overfat/obese among primary school children of Mashonaland West Province in Zimbabwe. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted using multi-stage random cluster sampling approach (30 × 30). Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was employed and identified the risk factors for overweight/obese and overfat/obese...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Hui Chin Koo, Bee Koon Poh, Ruzita Abd Talib
Background: The GReat-Child Trial was a quasi-experimental intervention that has emphasized whole grain as a strategy to manage childhood obesity. Methods: Two schools in Kuala Lumpur with similar demographic characteristics were assigned as intervention (IG) and control (CG). Eligibility criteria were overweight/obese children aged 9 to 11 years who had no serious co-morbidity. Children who reported consuming wholegrain foods in their 3-day diet-recall during screening were excluded. A total of 63 children (31 IG; 32 CG) completed the entire intervention program...
January 30, 2018: Nutrients
Shil Jin, Dongwon Seo, Nu Ri Choi, Prabuddha Manjula, Muhammad Cahyadi, Samooel Jung, Cheorun Jo, Jun Heon Lee, Hee Bok Park
Objective: Fatty acid composition is one of the most important meat quality traits because it can contribute to functional, sensorial, and nutritional factors. In this study, quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses for fatty acid composition traits were investigated in thigh and breast meat of Korean native chicken (KNC). Methods: In total, 18 fatty acid composition traits were investigated from each meat sample using 88 parents, and 595 F1 chicks of 20 week old...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Desheng Qi, Bo Yu, Jia Huang, Milin Peng
BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition (EN) is more beneficial than parenteral nutrition (PN) in reducing organ failure, infectious complications, and mortality of acute pancreatitis (AP), but its timing is controversial. We attempted to evaluate the safety and clinical outcomes of early EN within 24 hours of admission in patients with AP, especially in predicted severe or severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE Databases, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for relevant articles before June 2016 using RevMan 5...
January 26, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Kurt D Piggott, Anne Liu, Jessica Monczka, Harun Fakioglu, Sukumar Suguna Narasimhulu, Kamal Pourmoghadam, William DeCampli
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition is vital for maintaining optimal cellular and organ function, particularly in neonates who undergo cardiac surgery. Achieving nutritional goals preoperatively can be challenging because of fluid restrictions, suboptimal oral intake, and concerns for inadequate gastrointestinal circulation. We examined preoperative caloric intake and its effects on postoperative course in neonates who underwent cardiac surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of neonates (younger than 30 days) who underwent congenital heart surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass from 2008 to 2014 at Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Alexis A Tazinya, Gregory E Halle-Ekane, Lawrence T Mbuagbaw, Martin Abanda, Julius Atashili, Marie Therese Obama
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in under-five children worldwide. About 6.6 million children less than 5 years of age die every year in the world; 95% of them in low-income countries and one third of the total deaths is due to ARI. This study aimed at determining the proportion of acute respiratory infections and the associated risk factors in children under 5 years visiting the Bamenda Regional Hospital in Cameroon. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytic study involving 512 children under 5 years was carried out from December 2014 to February 2015...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Erica Weintraub Austin, Bruce W Austin, Brian F French, Marilyn A Cohen
Interventions addressing links between media exposure and obesity risk for school-age youth have not explicitly addressed the role of family communication about media. Youths' influence attempts on parents to purchase advertised foods can create conflict and negatively affect parental food choices. This study tested whether a family-based media literacy curriculum improves parents' media management skills and decreases youths' susceptibility to appealing but unrealistic food marketing. A matched-group pretest/posttest field experiment of parent-youth dyads with control group (N = 100 dyads, youth M = 11 years of age) tested the six-session curriculum...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Mohammad Bagherniya, Manoj Sharma, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Mohammad Safarian, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Vida Bitarafan, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
Background Nowadays childhood obesity has become one the most challenging issue which is considered as a principle public health problem all around the world. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the impact of a 7-month school-based nutrition education intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. Method In this cluster randomized community trial after choosing schools, a total of 172 overweight and obese girl students participated in the study (87 in the intervention and 85 in the control group)...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Sriram Gubbi, Nir Barzilai, Jill Crandall, Joe Verghese, Sofiya Milman
BACKGROUND: Individuals with exceptional longevity and their offspring manifest a lower prevalence of age-related diseases than families without longevity. However, the contribution of dietary habits to protection from disease has not been systematically assessed in families with exceptional longevity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare dietary patterns between individuals with parental longevity and individals without parental longevity. METHODS: Dietary intake was evaluated using the Block Brief Food Frequency Questionnaire in 234 community dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish adults aged 65 years and older who were participants of the LonGenity study, which enrolls the offspring of parents with exceptional longevity (OPEL) and offspring of parents with usual survival (OPUS)...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition and Healthy Aging
José Villar, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Eleonora Staines Urias, Francesca Giuliani, Eric O Ohuma, Cesar G Victora, Aris T Papageorghiou, Douglas G Altman, Cutberto Garza, Fernando C Barros, Fabien Puglia, Roseline Ochieng, Yasmin A Jaffer, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Manorama Purwar, Ruyan Pang, Ann Lambert, Cameron Chumlea, Alan Stein, Michelle Fernandes, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Stephen H Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends that human growth should be monitored with the use of international standards. However, in obstetric practice, we continue to monitor fetal growth using numerous local charts or equations that are based on different populations for each body structure. Consistent with World Health Organization recommendations, the INTERGROWTH-21st Project has produced the first set of international standards to date pregnancies; to monitor fetal growth, estimated fetal weight, Doppler measures, and brain structures; to measure uterine growth, maternal nutrition, newborn infant size, and body composition; and to assess the postnatal growth of preterm babies...
December 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sylwia Merkiel-Pawłowska, Wojciech Chalcarz
BACKGROUND: Nutrition in children has an important influence on health both in childhood and adulthood. Actions aimed at improving children's nutrition are essential, not only to the children and their families, but also to the whole society. The aim of the study was to present the results of nutrient intake before starting a nutrition and physical activity intervention programme, to investigate gender differences in nutrient intake and to discuss whether the preschoolers' nutrient intake is similar to the intake of their peers from other countries...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
Anthony D Sung, Syed Hassan, Diana M Cardona, Daniel Wild, Krista Rowe Nichols, Hossein Mehdikhani, Bryan Balmadrid, Claire J Detweiler, Michael Shealy, Constance Cirrincione, Zhiguo Li, Martin Poleski, Tara E Dalton, Sharareh Siamakpour-Reihani, Nelson J Chao, Keith M Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal (GI) complications including graft versus host disease (GVHD) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in allogenic stem transplant recipients. While several studies have previously looked into the acute gastrointestinal complications, fewer smaller studies have reported late complications. In this large study, we focus on the late (100 days post-transplant) gastrointestinal complications in allogenic stem transplant recipients METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective study, of all of the adult allogenic stem cell transplant recipients who had their transplant at Duke University over a six year period...
December 12, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Dogus Hemsinli, Hasan Mutlu, Gokalp Altun, Zerrin Pulathan, Ahmet C Ozdemir
Introduction Central venous catheterisation is an essential component of patient care in hospital. A forgotten complete guide-wire is a rare complication, although the reported incidence has increased rapidly over the last decade. Case report We report a 72-year-old man with a complete guide-wire inadvertently overlooked during catheter insertion. A central venous catheter had been inserted for total parental nutrition during treatment for pancreatitis. Five years later, the patient was readmitted with a painful lesion on his neck and the sensation of a sharp object under his skin...
November 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
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