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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927200/epidemiology-of-invasive-fungal-disease-in-children
#1
Zoi Dorothea Pana, Emmanuel Roilides, Adilia Warris, Andreas H Groll, Theoklis Zaoutis
Considerable progress has been made in the prevention, diagnosis, and management of pediatric patients with invasive fungal disease (IFD). The reported decreasing trend in the incidence of invasive candidiasis (IC) over the past 15 years in both neonates and children has been encouraging. Nevertheless, due to the growing number of immunocompromised children at risk for IFD, this disease continues to be associated with significant morbidity and death and with increased financial burden to the health care system...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926560/hiv-and-hcv-in-u-s-prisons-and-jails-the-correctional-facility-as-a-bellwether-over-time-for-the-community-s-infections
#2
Anne C Spaulding, Emeli J Anderson, Mohammed A Khan, Cesar A Taborda-Vidarte, Jennifer A Phillips
Screening and treating correctional populations for HIV and HCV infections is essential to successfully addressing both epidemics in the USA. The prevalence of HIV and HCV infection is high in prisons and jails due to increased rates of incarceration among disproportionately affected groups such as injection drug users. Through a search of the published and grey literature and surveying persons overseeing health programs in prisons, we collected data on efforts to determine prevalence first for HIV and then for HCV...
September 19, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926505/do-all-clavicle-fractures-in-children-need-to-be-managed-by-orthopedic-surgeons
#3
John Adamich, Andrew Howard, Mark Camp
OBJECTIVES: Although many uncomplicated pediatric fractures do not require routine long-term follow-up with an orthopedic surgeon, practitioners with limited experience dealing with pediatric fractures will often defer to a strategy of frequent clinical and radiographic follow-up. Development of an evidence-based clinical care pathway can help unnecessary radiation exposure to this patient population and reduce costs to patient families and the health care system. METHODS: A retrospective analysis including patients who presented to the Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) for management of clavicle fractures was performed...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925913/how-underserviced-rural-communities-approach-physician-recruitment-changes-following-the-opening-of-a-socially-accountable-medical-school-in-northern-ontario
#4
Oxana Mian, John C Hogenbirk, Wayne Warry, Roger P Strasser
INTRODUCTION: The Northern Ontario School of Medicine (NOSM) opened in 2005 with a social accountability mandate to address a long history of physician shortages in northern Ontario. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand the school's effect on recruitment of family physicians into medically underserviced rural communities of northern Ontario. METHODS: We conducted a multiple case study of 8 small rural communities in northern Ontario that were considered medically underserviced by the provincial ministry of health and had successfully recruited NOSM-trained physicians...
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924623/the-effectiveness-of-pharmacist-provided-telephonic-medication-therapy-management-on-emergency-department-utilization-in-home-health-patients
#5
Stephanie A Gernant, Margie E Snyder, Heather Jaynes, Jason M Sutherland, Alan J Zillich
BACKGROUND: Preventable emergency department (ED) use may be targeted with interventions for improving the medication use process, as medication misadventures and non-adherence frequently cause preventable ED utilization. One intervention that could prevent ED visits is Medication Therapy Management (MTM). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a telephonic medication therapy management (MTM) service on reducing emergency department utilization within a Medicare insured home health population...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Technology: JPT: Official Publication of the Association of Pharmacy Technicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#6
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923813/bidirectional-text-messaging-to-improve-adherence-to-recommended-lipid-testing
#7
Laura-Mae Baldwin, Caitlin Morrison, Jonathan Griffin, Nick Anderson, Kelly Edwards, Jeff Green, Cleary Waldren, William Reiter
BACKGROUND: Synergies between technology and health care in the United States are accelerating, increasing opportunities to leverage these technologies to improve patient care. METHODS: This study was a collaboration between an academic study team, a rural primary care clinic, and a local nonprofit informatics company developing tools to improve patient care through population management. Our team created a text messaging management tool, then developed methods for and tested the feasibility of bidirectional text messaging to remind eligible patients about the need for lipid testing...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923640/pregnancy-after-liver-transplantation-risks-and-outcomes
#8
A Baskiran, S Karakas, V Ince, M Kement, F Ozdemir, O Ozsay, K Kutluturk, V Ersan, C Koc, B Barut, S Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of liver transplant recipients who became pregnant after transplantation. METHODS: The clinical data of all patients who underwent liver transplantation between January 2007 and December 2016 in our liver transplantation institute were reviewed. The following data were analyzed: indications for transplantation, recipient age at the beginning of pregnancy, the interval between transplantation and pregnancy, maternal and fetal complications, type of delivery, the health condition of neonates, and modifications in immunosuppressive therapy...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923394/a-contemporary-phone-based-cardiac-coaching-program-evolution-and-cross-cultural-utility
#9
Peita Price, Mark Tacey, Voula Koufariotis, Daniela Stramandinoli, Ruth Vincent, Leeanne Grigg, Dominica Zentner
BACKGROUND: The Hospital Admission Risk Program (HARP) Cardiac Coach Program at Royal Melbourne Hospital has evolved to include a Greek and Italian service, developed in response to the diverse local community and supported by evidence that Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) groups both perceive health and respond to health care services and information, differently. This paper aims to evaluate if a phone-based cardiac coaching program can be adapted to the Greek and Italian populations using the English cohort as a comparator...
August 14, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923180/menopause-in-latin-america-symptoms-attitudes-treatments-and-future-directions-in-costa-rica
#10
REVIEW
T D Locklear, B J Doyle, A L Perez, S M Wicks, G B Mahady
Similar to their US counterparts, Costa Rican women enter menopause at ∼50 years of age, have similar symptoms, including hot flashes and night sweats, as well as an overall negative attitude toward the menopausal transition. One study of rural women in Monteverde reported that women knew little about the menopausal transition, as the subject was not discussed. Similar to other Latin American women, the use of hormone therapy by Costa Rican women is low and instead they use alternative therapies, including massage, dietary changes and herbal medicines...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923076/improving-the-performance-of-community-health-workers-in-swaziland-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#11
Pascal Geldsetzer, Jan-Walter De Neve, Chantelle Boudreaux, Till Bärnighausen, Thomas J Bossert
BACKGROUND: The performance of community health workers (CHWs) in Swaziland has not yet been studied despite the existence of a large national CHW program in the country. This qualitative formative research study aimed to inform the design of future interventions intended to increase the performance of CHW programs in Swaziland. Specifically, focusing on four CHW programs, we aimed to determine what potential changes to their program CHWs and CHW program managers perceive as likely leading to improved performance of the CHW cadre...
September 18, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923037/asthma-hospitalisation-trends-from-2010-to-2015-variation-among-rural-and-metropolitan-australians
#12
Daniel Terry, Shalley Robins, Samantha Gardiner, Ruby Wyett, Md Rafiqul Islam
BACKGROUND: Asthma remains a leading cause of illness, where primary care can assist to reduce hospitalisations through prevention, controlling acute episodes, and overall management of asthma. In Victoria, Asthma hospitalisations were as high as 3.1 hospitalisations per 1000 population in 1993-94. The primary aims of this study are to: determine if changes in asthma hospitalisations have occurred between 2010 and 2015; determine the key factors that impact asthma hospitalisation over time; and verify whether rural and urban asthma hospitalisations are disparate...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922992/policy-maker-attitudes-to-the-ageing-of-the-hiv-cohort-in-botswana
#13
Kabo Matlho, Refelwetswe Lebelonyane, Tim Driscoll, Joel Negin
BACKGROUND: The roll out of antiretroviral therapy in Botswana, as in many countries with near universal access to treatment, has transformed HIV into a complex yet manageable chronic condition and has led to the emergence of a population aging with HIV. Although there has been some realization of this development at international level, no clear defined intervention strategy has been established in many highly affected countries. Therefore we explored attitudes of policy-makers and service providers towards HIV among older adults (50 years or older) in Botswana...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922228/anesthesia-capacity-in-ghana-a-teaching-hospital-s-resources-and-the-national-workforce-and-education
#14
Mark A Brouillette, Alfred J Aidoo, Maria A Hondras, Nana A Boateng, Akwasi Antwi-Kusi, William Addison, Alec R Hermanson
BACKGROUND: Quality anesthetic care is lacking in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Global health leaders call for perioperative capacity reports in limited-resource settings to guide improved health care initiatives. We describe a teaching hospital's resources and the national workforce and education in this LMIC capacity report. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana, during 4 weeks in August 2016...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922046/supraorbital-electrical-stimulation-in-management-of-chronic-type-tension-headache-a-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Nashwa S Hamed
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Headache disorders are considered one of the ten most disabling conditions, for both males and females, according to the World Health Organization. Chronic type tension headache (CTTH) has a prevalence of 2-3% within the general population. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of stimulating noninvasively the trigeminal nerve in the supraorbital area (SOES) for treatment of CTTH. METHODS: In an 8-week period of intervention, 45 patients were divided equally into three groups...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921707/a-visual-approach-of-care-pathways-from-the-french-nationwide-snds-database-from-population-to-individual-records-the-epeps-toolbox
#16
André Happe, Erwan Drezen
Secondary use of medical and administrative databases has become a powerful tool for epidemiological studies. In that respect, the recent access opening of French nationwide health record database or SNDS (Système National des Données de Santé) is a great opportunity to carry out comprehensive health studies at the country level. However, using this database is far from being straightforward for non-expert data scientists; so, dedicated tools needed to be developed. Our contribution is focused on data management and visualization tools able to query and cope with the complexity of care pathways of patients...
September 16, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920890/exercise-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
REVIEW
Robert W Motl, Brian M Sandroff, Gert Kwakkel, Ulrik Dalgas, Anthony Feinstein, Christoph Heesen, Peter Feys, Alan J Thompson
Exercise can be a beneficial rehabilitation strategy for people with multiple sclerosis to manage symptoms, restore function, optimise quality of life, promote wellness, and boost participation in activities of daily living. However, this population typically engages in low levels of health-promoting physical activity compared with adults from the general population, a fact which has not changed in the past 25 years despite growing evidence of the benefits of exercise. To overcome this challenge, the main limitations to promoting exercise through the patient-clinician interaction must be addressed...
October 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920887/the-chronic-and-evolving-neurological-consequences-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
REVIEW
Lindsay Wilson, William Stewart, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Lindsay Horton, David K Menon, Suzanne Polinder
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have lifelong and dynamic effects on health and wellbeing. Research on the long-term consequences emphasises that, for many patients, TBI should be conceptualised as a chronic health condition. Evidence suggests that functional outcomes after TBI can show improvement or deterioration up to two decades after injury, and rates of all-cause mortality remain elevated for many years. Furthermore, TBI represents a risk factor for a variety of neurological illnesses, including epilepsy, stroke, and neurodegenerative disease...
October 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920521/implementing-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-psychosocial-care-units-caps-in-brazil
#19
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Nilson R da Silva, Marta Rd Campos, Helena F Moura, Gustavo Zabert, Beatriz M Champagne, Katherine E Kemper, J Taylor Hays
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking among mental health and addiction (MHA) patients is 3 times higher than it is in the general population, yet this patient population has received little help to combat smoking. Considering this, psychosocial care centers (CAPS - Centros de Atenção Psicossocial) are strategic locations for integrating tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) into existing treatment activities. METHODS: Our team provided an 8-hour training package to the staff of CAPS that have not been providing specialized TDT for smokers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920106/self-tracking-for-mental-wellness-understanding-expert-perspectives-and-student-experiences
#20
Christina Kelley, Bongshin Lee, Lauren Wilcox
Previous research suggests an important role for self-tracking in promoting mental wellness. Recent studies with college student populations have examined the feasibility of collecting everyday mood, activity, and social data. However, these studies do not account for students' experiences and challenges adopting self-tracking technologies to support mental wellness goals. We present two studies conducted to better understand self-tracking for stress management and mental wellness in student populations. First, focus groups and card sorting activities with 14 student health professionals reveal expert perspectives on the usefulness of tracking for three scenarios...
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
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