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Meng-Meng Dou, Zhi-Hao Zhang, Zhu-Bo Li, Jie Zhang, Xiao-Yan Zhao
Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo has been used for thousands of years to promote body fluid production; however, little is currently known regarding its effects on the heart. The present study aimed to explore the cardioprotective potential of the water extract of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo (DOE) on myocardial ischemia in mice. A mouse model of myocardial ischemia was induced following ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Prior to the operation, mice were administered a vehicle or DOE for 2 weeks...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Mu-Jin Lee, Ho-Kyung Jung, Min-Suk Kim, Ji-Hun Jang, Mi-Ok Sim, Tea-Mook Kim, Ho Park, Byung-Kwan Ahn, Hyun-Woo Cho, Jung-Hee Cho, Won-Seok Jung, Jong-Choon Kim
Dendrobium moniliforme (L.) Sw., an herb of the Orchidaceae family, has long been used in traditional medicine to strengthen bones, nourish the stomach, and promote the production of bodily fluid. Recently, polysaccharides isolated from Dendrobium have been used in functional foods and nutraceutical products. A traditional method to process Dendrobium is to soak fresh stems in an ethanol solution, which is the most important factor to ensure high yields of aqueous-extractable polysaccharides. The present study was carried out to investigate the potential acute toxicity of D...
September 2016: Laboratory Animal Research
Xue-Ming Zhou, Cai-Juan Zheng, Jia-Ting Wu, Guang-Ying Chen, Jun Chen, Chong-Ge Sun
Five new lactone derivatives decumbic acids A and B (1 and 2), (-)-decumbic acid (3a), (-)- and (+)-dendrolactone (4a and 4b) together with four known compounds (3b and 5-7) were isolated from the stems of Dendrobium nobile. Their structures were elucidated using comprehensive spectroscopic methods. Compounds 3a and 3b, 4a and 4b were isolated as two pair of enantiomers by chiral HPLC. The absolute configurations of 1, 2, 3a, 4a and 4b were determined by optical rotation and X-ray crystallographic analysis...
October 6, 2016: Fitoterapia
Ji Chen, Feng Deng, Mengsheng Deng, Jincheng Han, Jianbin Chen, Li Wang, Shen Yan, Kai Tong, Fan Liu, Mengliang Tian
Bacterial homologous chloroplast-targeted Obg GTPases (ObgCs) belong to the plant-typical Obg group, which is involved in diverse physiological processes during chloroplast development. However, the evolutionarily conserved function of ObgC in plants remains elusive and requires further investigation. In this study, we identified DoObgC from an epiphytic plant Dendrobium officinale and demonstrated the characteristics of DoObgC. Sequence analysis indicated that DoObgC is highly conserved with other plant ObgCs, which contain the chloroplast transit peptide (cTP), Obg fold, G domain, and OCT regions...
October 6, 2016: DNA and Cell Biology
Xue-Qiang Zha, Yuan-Yuan Deng, Xiao-Long Li, Jing-Fei Wang, Li-Hua Pan, Jian-Ping Luo
The aim of this work was to investigate the core structure of a Dendrobium huoshanense polysaccharide DHPD1 required for the inhibition of lens epithelial cell apoptosis. In order to obtain the fragments containing the core domain, pectinase was employed to hydrolyze DHPD1. After 24h reaction, it is interesting that the hydrolyzation seemed to be stopped, leading to a final enzymatic fragment DHPD1-24 with molecular weight about 1552Da. Compared to DHPD1, although the bioactivity is decreased, DHPD1-24 remained the ability to inhibit the H2O2-induced apoptosis of human lens epithelial (HLE) cells via suppressing the MAPK signaling pathways...
January 2, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Zengyang Yu, Tianyu Zhang, Chenyuan Gong, Yuchen Sheng, Bin Lu, Lingyu Zhou, Lili Ji, Zhengtao Wang
Erianin is a natural compound found in Dendrobium chrysotoxum Lindl. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious and common microvascular complication of diabetes. This study aims to investigate the inhibitory mechanism of erianin on retinal neoangiogenesis and its contribution to the amelioration of DR. Erianin blocked high glucose (HG)-induced tube formation and migration in choroid-retinal endothelial RF/6A cells. Erianin inhibited HG-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) translocation into nucleus and ERK1/2 activation in RF/6A and microglia BV-2 cells...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Thitita Unahabhokha, Pithi Chanvorachote, Boonchoo Sritularak, Jutarat Kitsongsermthon, Varisa Pongrakhananon
Lung cancer remains a leading public health problem as evidenced by its increasing death rate. The main cause of death in lung cancer patients is cancer metastasis. The metastatic behavior of lung cancer cells becomes enhanced when cancer cells undergo epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). Gigantol, a bibenzyl compound extracted from the Thai orchid, Dendrobium draconis, has been shown to have promising therapeutic potential against cancer cells, which leads to the hypothesis that gigantol may be able to inhibit the fundamental EMT process in cancer cells...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Nimisha Pulikkal Sukumaran, R Hiranmai Yadav
CONTEXT: D. macrostachyum is an epiphytic orchid abundant in Southern India and is reported for pain relief in folklore. AIMS: The objective of the present study was to determine in vitro free radical scavenging and anti-inflammatory activity of D. macrostachyum and to perform LCMS based metabolic profiling of the plant. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Sequential stem and leaf extracts were assessed for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity by in vitro methods...
April 2016: Ancient Science of Life
Tsui-Hwa Tseng, Wea-Lung Lin, Zi-Hui Chen, Yean-Jang Lee, Ming-Shiun Shie, Kam-Fai Lee, Chien-Heng Shen, Hsing-Chun Kuo
BACKGROUND: Moniliformediquinone (MFD), a phenanthradiquinone in Dendrobium moniliforme, was synthesized in our laboratory. Beyond its in vitro inhibitory effects on cancer cells, other biological activity of MFD is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of MFD on hepatic fibrogenesis in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Hepatic stellate HSC-T6 was cultured. Cell viability assay and western blot analyses were performed. Male ICR mice were evaluated on CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity using both histological examination and immunohistochemical staining...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Rui Zhan, Zhi-Chong Wang, Ben-Lin Yin, Ying Liu, Ye-Gao Chen
The present study was designed to identify bioactive compounds similar to those isolated from Dendrobium genus from its relative specie Eria bambusifolia. Compounds 1-10 were isolated and purified using silica gel, MCI CHP-20 gel, Sephadex LH-20, and Lichroprep RP-18 chromatography methods. Their structures were elucidated by means of extensive spectroscopic analyses. The cytotoxicity of these compounds against five human cancer cell lines was tested. Erathrins A and B (1 and 2) were new compounds, and compound 1 represented a novel carbon framework having a phenanthrene-phenylpropane unit with a dioxane moiety...
August 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
M S Lim, J J J Antony, S M Shahinul Islam, Z Suhana, S Sreeramanan
Dendrobium hybrid orchid is popular in orchid commercial industry due to its short life cycle and ability to produce various types of flower colours. This study was conducted to identify the morphological, biochemical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis in the Dendrobium sonia-28 orchid plants. In this study, 0.05 and 0.075 % of colchicine-treated Dendrobium sonia-28 (4-week-old culture) protocorm-like bodies (PLBs) were treated in different concentrations of melatonin (MEL) posttreatments (0, 0...
July 26, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Nannan Zhu, Shen Han, Chunning Yang, Jixu Qu, Zhirong Sun, Wenjie Liu, Xiaomin Zhang
Rare studies have been performed to trace the mineral elements in Dendrobium officinale. In this study, we aim to trace the mineral elements in D. officinale collected from ten geographical locations in China. ICP-MS system was used for simultaneous determination of mineral elements. Principal component analysis was performed using the obtained data in the quantification of mineral contents. Cluster analysis was performed using the Ward's method. Several of essential microelments were detected in D. officinale, including ferrum (Fe), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni) and vanadium (V)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Yong Deng, Ling-Xiao Chen, Bang-Xing Han, Ding-Tao Wu, Kit-Leong Cheong, Nai-Fu Chen, Jing Zhao, Shao-Ping Li
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of specific polysaccharides from ten batches of Dendrobium huoshanense were performed using high performance size exclusion chromatography coupled with multi-angle laser light scattering and refractive index detector (HPSEC-MALLS-RID), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and saccharide mapping based on polysaccharides analysis by using carbohydrate gel electrophoresis (PACE) and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC)...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Yi Zhang, Hongxin Wang, Peng Wang, ChaoYang Ma, Md Ramim Tanver Rahman
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a green solvent was employed to extract polysaccharide. The optimal conditions for PEG-based ultrasonic extraction of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. polysaccharide (JCP) were determined by response surface methodology. Under the optimal conditions: extraction temperature of 58.5°C; ultrasound power of 193W, and the concentration of polyethylene glycol-200 (PEG-200) solution of 45%, the highest JCP yield was obtained as 15.23±0.57%, which was close to the predicted yield, 15.57%. UV and FT-IR analysis revealed the general characteristic absorption peaks of both JCP with water extraction (JCPw) and PEG-200 solvent extraction (JCPp)...
July 11, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ying Liao, Wen-yu Yuan, Wen-ke Zheng, Ao-xue Luo, Yi-jun Fan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the radical scavenging activity of five different acidic polysaccharides, and to find the correlation with the functional groups. METHODS: Alkali extraction method and Stepwise ethanol precipitation method were used to extract and concentrate the five Dendrobium polysaccharides, and to determine the contents of sulfuric acid and uronic acid of each kind of acidic polysaccharides, and the scavenging activity to ABTS+ radical and hydroxyl radical...
November 2015: Zhong Yao Cai, Zhongyaocai, Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials
Shi-Jian Yang, Mei Sun, Qiu-Yun Yang, Ren-Yi Ma, Jiao-Lin Zhang, Shi-Bao Zhang
Epiphytes are an important component of tropical and subtropical flora, and serve vital ecological functions in forest hydrology and nutrient fluxes. However, they often encounter water deficits because there is no direct contact between their roots and the soil. The strategies employed by epiphytes for maintaining water balance in relatively water-limited habitats are not completely understood. In the present study, we investigated the anatomical traits, water loss rates, and physiology of leaves and pseudobulbs of four Dendrobium species with different pseudobulb morphologies to understand the roles of leaf and pseudobulb in maintaining water balance of epiphytic orchids...
2016: AoB Plants
Arparporn Mittraphab, Chawanphat Muangnoi, Kittisak Likhitwitayawuid, Pornchai Rojsitthisak, Boonchoo Sritularak
From the whole plant of Dendrobium signatum, a new bibenzyl-dihydrophenanthrene derivative, named dendrosignatol was isolated, together with the known compounds 3,4-dihydroxy-3,4'-dimethoxybibenzyl, dendrocandin B, dendrocandin I and dendrofalconerol A. The structure of the new compound was elucidated through analysis of its spectroscopic and mass spectrometric data. All of the isolates showed appreciable cytotoxic activity against three human cancer cell lines, including MDA-23 1, HepG2 and HT-29 cells.
May 2016: Natural Product Communications
Alexandra Flynn, Jana Lincoln, Michael Burke
The authors examine the role that unregulated dietary supplements may have had in a young man who presented with psychotic and homicidal ideations.
June 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
Xue-Ming Zhou, Cai-Juan Zheng, Li-She Gan, Guang-Ying Chen, Xiao-Peng Zhang, Xiao-Ping Song, Gao-Nan Li, Chong-Ge Sun
A new enantiomeric pair of spirodiketones, (+)- and (-)-denobilone A (1 and 2), three new phenanthrene derivatives (3-5), and three new biphenanthrenes (22-24), along with 11 known phenanthrene derivatives (6-16), five known bibenzyl derivatives (17-21), and four known biphenanthrenes (25-28), were isolated from Dendrobium nobile. The structures of 1-5 and 22-24 were elucidated using comprehensive spectroscopic methods. (+)-Denobilone and (-)-denobilone A (1 and 2) were isolated as a pair of enantiomers by chiral HPLC...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Rahul S Pawar, Erich Grundel
The multi-billion dollar dietary supplement industry is global in reach. The industry has been criticized for problems related to poor quality control, safety, misbranding, and adulteration. In this review, we describe how the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates dietary supplements within the framework of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA), which amended the FD&C Act, gave the FDA the authority to promulgate Good Manufacturing Practices for dietary supplements and required that manufacturers provide the FDA information supporting a conclusion that the ingredients are reasonably expected to be safe if the dietary ingredients were not marketed in the USA before 15 October 1994...
June 3, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
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