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Yang Hu, Jie Ren, Lei Wang, Xin Zhao, Mian Zhang, Kuniyoshi Shimizu, Chaofeng Zhang
Dendrobium crepidatum was one of the sources of Herba Dendrobii, a famous and precious traditional Chinese medicine. Indolizine-type alkaloids are the main characteristic ingredients of D. crepidatum, which possesses a variety of changeable skeletons. In the present study, we found that the total alkaloids of D. crepidatum (TAD) can inhibit the production of nitric oxide (NO) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated macrophages and showed protective effects against LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice through downregulating the TLR4-mediated MyD88/MAPK signaling pathway...
February 10, 2018: Phytochemistry
Onsurang Wattanathamsan, Surassawadee Treesuwan, Boonchu Sritularuk, Varisa Pongrakhananon
The life-threatening potential of lung cancer has increased over the years due to its acquisition of chemotherapeutic resistance, especially to cisplatin, a first-line therapy. In response to this development, researchers have turned their attention to several compounds derived from natural origins, including cypripedin (CYP), a phenanthrenequinone substance extracted from Dendrobium densiflorum. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of CYP to induce apoptosis and enhance cisplatin-mediated death of human lung cancer NCI-H460 cells using cell viability and apoptosis assays...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Jian Liang, Shuxian Chen, Jianhui Chen, Jizong Lin, Qingping Xiong, Yiqi Yang, Jun Yuan, Lian Zhou, Lian He, Shaozhen Hou, Shijie Li, Song Huang, Xiaoping Lai
Polysaccharide, as a promising candidate to meet the medication requirement of ulcerative colitis (UC), is increasingly attracting extensive interest. Dendrobium officinale has been widely used to treat gastrointestinal sickness in the clinical treatment of Traditional Chinese Medicine. However, it remains largely unknown whether polysaccharides (DOPS) from Dendrobium officinale can treat UC. The purpose of this paper is to confirm therapeutic action of DOPS to UC and explored its underlying mechanisms. We noted that DOPS could dramatically improve clinical signs and symptoms, decrease mortality, alleviate colonic pathological damage, and reestablish the balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in DSS-induced acute UC mice...
April 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Qiang Liu, Shi-Shun Zhou, Xiao-Hua Jin, Bo Pan, Kyaw Win Maung, Myint Zyaw, Ren Li, Rui-Chang Quan, Yun-Hong Tan
Dendrobium naungmungense, a new species from Naungmung, Kachin State, North Myanmar, is described and illustrated. It is morphologically similar to D. ciliatilabellum and D. vexabile, but the epichile is oblong with three long-ciliate laminae and the column wing has significant denticulation. A preliminary risk-of-extinction assessment shows that the new species should be regarded as Critically Endangered (CR) according to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria.
2018: PhytoKeys
Jing-Wen Hao, Nai-Dong Chen, Cun-Wu Chen, Fu-Cheng Zhu, De-Liang Qiao, Yong-Jun Zang, Jun Dai, Xiang-Wen Song, Han Chen
A rapid, green, low cost and nondestructive attenuated total reflection near infrared (ATR NIR) method was developed to quantify the total polysaccharide and the main monosaccharides mannose and glucose in Dendrobium huoshanense. Total 100 D. huoshanense samples from different places were analyzed using ATR NIR method. Potential outlying samples were initially removed from the collected NIR data using the PCA-Mahalanobis distance method. Spectral data preprocessing was studied in the construction of a partial least squares (PLS) model and six different signal pretreatment methods, including multiplicative scattering correction (MSC), standard normal transformation (SNV), first and second derivatives, the combination of MSC with the first derivative, and the combination of SNV with the first derivative, were compared...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Napat Kyokong, Chawanphat Muangnoi, Wuttinont Thaweesest, Virunh Kongkatitham, Kittisak Likhitwitayawuid, Pornchai Rojsitthisak, Boonchoo Sritularak
A new phenanthrene dimer, namely dendropalpebrone (1), was isolated from the whole plant of Dendrobium palpebre, along with nine known compounds (2-10). All of the isolates were evaluated for their hydroxyl radical scavenging effects using a deoxyribose assay. Dendroflorin (10) showed an appreciable activity, and therefore was selected for further studied in RAW264.7 cells. Compound 10 significantly decreased ROS in H2O2-stimulated RAW264.7 cells in a dose-dependent manner, and improved activity of SOD, GPx, and CAT enzymes...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Veronika Cakova, Frederic Bonte, Annelise Lobstein
Dendrobium represents one of the most important orchid genera, ornamentally and medicinally. Dendrobiums are sympodial epiphytic plants, which is a name they are worthy of, the name coming from Greek origin: "dendros", tree, and "bios", life. Dendrobium species have been used for a thousand years as first-rate herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). They are source of tonic, astringent, analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory substances, and have been traditionally used as medicinal herbs in the treatment of a variety of disorders, such as, nourishing the stomach, enhancing production of body fluids or nourishing Yin...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
Dan Yang, Zhong-Quan Cheng, Liu Yang, Bo Hou, Jing Yang, Xiao-Nian Li, Cheng-Ting Zi, Fa-Wu Dong, Zheng-Hua Liu, Jun Zhou, Zhong-Tao Ding, Jiang-Miao Hu
Investigation of the 95% EtOH extract of stems of Dendrobium findlayanum afforded four new seco-dendrobines, findlayines A-D (1-4); two known dendrobines, dendrobine (5) and 2-hydroxydendrobine (6); and four new phenolic compounds, dendrofindlaphenols A-C (7, 9, and 10) and 6″-de-O-methyldendrofindlaphenol A (8). Compounds 1 and 2 are the first seco-dendrobines possessing a seven-membered lactam moiety, with 3 and 4 derived from the oxidative cleavage of the C-2-C-3 bond of dendrobine. The structures were established using spectroscopic methods and by comparison with literature data...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
Xue-Ming Zhou, Bin Zhang, Guang-Ying Chen, Chang-Ri Han, Kun-Chi Jiang, Ming-Yue Luo, Bo-Zheng Meng, Wen-Xin Li, Shi-Dai Lin
A new benzocoumarin derivative, dendrocoumarin (1), along with itolide A were isolated from the stems of Dendrobium nobile. The structure of the new compound 1 elucidated on the basis of NMR and mass spectroscopic data. Compounds 1 and 2 showed broad spectrum antibacterial activity against five terrestrial pathogenic bacteria.
January 7, 2018: Natural Product Research
Hui Huang, Xiao-Meng Zi, Hua Lin, Jiang-Yun Gao
All orchids maintain an obligate relationship with mycorrhizal symbionts during seed germination. In most cases, germination-enhancing fungi have been isolated from roots of mature plants for conservation and cultivation purposes. To understand the germination biology of Dendrobium devonianum, an over-collected medicinal orchid, the seeds of D. devonianum were inoculated with a fungal strain (FDd1) isolated from naturally occurring protocorms of D. devonianum and two other germination-enhancing fungal strains (FDaI7 and FCb4) from D...
January 2018: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Nareerat Petpiroon, Boonchoo Sritularak, Pithi Chanvorachote
BACKGROUND: The conversion of the epithelial phenotype of cancer cells into cells with a mesenchymal phenotype-so-called epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-has been shown to enhance the capacity of the cells to disseminate throughout the body. EMT is therefore becoming a potential target for anti-cancer drug discovery. Here, we showed that phoyunnanin E, a compound isolated from Dendrobium venustum, possesses anti-migration activity and addressed its mechanism of action. METHODS: The cytotoxic and proliferative effects of phoyunnanin E on human non-small cell lung cancer-derived H460, H292, and A549 cells and human keratinocyte HaCaT cells were investigated by MTT assay...
December 29, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ming Hu, Xue-Qiong Yang, Qing-Yan Zhou, Shu-Quan Li, Bang-Yan Wang, Bao-Hui Ruan, Ya-Bin Yang, Zhuo-Xi Zhang, Hao Zhou, Zhong-Tao Ding
Five new benzopyran derivatives (2-6) and a new natural product (1) were isolated from endophytic Daldinia eschscholzii in Dendrobium chrysotoxum and determined as (R)-2,3-dihydro-2,5-dihydroxy-2-methylchromen-4-one (1), (2R, 4S)-2,3-dihydro-2-methyl-benzopyran-4,5-diol (2), (R)-3-methoxyl-1-(2,6-dihydroxy phenyl)-butan-1-one (3), 7-O-α-d-ribosyl-5-hydroxy-2-methyl-4H-chromen-4-one (4), 7-O-α-d-ribosyl-2,3-dihydro-5-hydroxy-2-methyl-chromen-4-one (5), daldinium A (6). These compounds were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity, anti-acetylcholinesterase, nitric oxide inhibition, anticoagulant, photodynamic antimicrobial activities and glucose uptake of adipocytes...
December 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
Si-Jie Zhang, Zheng Qian, Jing-Jing Liu, Xin-Feng Zhang, Jin-Ping Si
In order to provide new information on polysaccharide in Dendrobium officinale flowers,the monosaccharide composition and relative molecular mass distribution of 11 families of flowers were investigated and analyzed by high performance gel filtration chromatography (HPGFC) and pre-column derivatization ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) in this study. Then cluster analysis was carried out for the monosaccharide peak areas by utilizing SPSS 19.0 software. The results showed that the polysaccharides of all the above 11 hybrid families of D...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Qi Wang, Jing-Jing Liu, Jin-Ping Si, Yu-Qiu Zhu, Lang Qin, Ju-Ling Zhang
In order to reveal the accumulation trend of polysaccharides in Dendrobium catenatum and determine the effect of sampling time on polysaccharides, D. Catenatum D21 clone was harvested from January to December after culturing for 2 to 5 months in the growth chamber with constant temperature. Polysaccharides were determined by phenol-sulfuric acid method and the monosaccharide compositions were analyzed by pre-column derivative-UPLC. The results showed that the content of polysaccharide and its key component mannose was positively correlated with the culture time, but the contents of polysaccharides in all kinds of culture peaked from 5 to 6 months, which were consistent with the trend of field planting...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Wen-Chieh Tsai, Anne Dievart, Chia-Chi Hsu, Yu-Yun Hsiao, Shang-Yi Chiou, Hsin Huang, Hong-Hwa Chen
Among 300,000 species in angiosperms, Orchidaceae containing 30,000 species is one of the largest families. Almost every habitats on earth have orchid plants successfully colonized, and it indicates that orchids are among the plants with significant ecological and evolutionary importance. So far, four orchid genomes have been sequenced, including Phalaenopsis equestris, Dendrobium catenatum, Dendrobium officinale, and Apostaceae shengen. Here, we review the current progress and the direction of orchid research in the post genomics era...
December 12, 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
Narumol Bhummaphan, Varisa Pongrakhananon, Boonchoo Sritularak, Pithi Chanvorachote
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been recognized as rare populations driving cancer progression, metastasis, and drug resistance in leading cancers. Attempts have been paid toward identifying compound that specifically targets these CSCs. Therefore, the investigations of the novel therapeutic strategies for CSCs targeting is required. The cytotoxic effects of Chrysotoxine on human NSCLC-derived H460 and H23 cells were tested by MTT assay. The Effect of Chrysotoxine suppresses CSC-like phenotypes was determined in CSC-rich populations and primary CSCs in 3D culture and Extreme limiting dilution assay...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Jin-Ling Li, Zhi Zhao, Hong-Chang Liu, Chun-Li Luo, Hua-Lei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the influence of light intensity and water content of medium on the total dendrobine of Dendrobium nobile (D. nobile). METHOD: The principal component analysis combined with total dendrobine accumulation was conducted to assess the yield and quality of D. nobile in all treatments. In the experiment, D. nobile plants were cultivated in greenhouse as tested materials, and complete test of 9 treatments was adopted with relative light intensities 75...
November 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Yanwen Wang, Lu Liu, Shiyong Song, Yan Li, Lisha Shen, Hao Yu
FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) in Arabidopsis encodes the florigen that moves from leaves to the shoot apical meristem to induce flowering, and this is partly mediated by FT-INTERACTING PROTEIN 1 (FTIP1). Although FT orthologs have been identified in some flowering plants, their endogenous roles in Orchidaceae, which is one of the largest families of flowering plants, are still largely unknown. In this study, we show that DOFT and DOFTIP1, the orchid orthologs of FT and FTIP1, respectively, play important roles in promoting flowering in the orchid Dendrobium Chao Praya Smile...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Xiaoyue Wang, Xiaochen Chen, Pei Yang, Lili Wang, Jianping Han
Many species belonging to the genus Dendrobium are of great commercial value. However, their difficult growth conditions and high demand have caused many of these species to become endangered. Indeed, counterfeit Dendrobium products are common, especially in medicinal markets. This study aims to assess the suitability of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) region as a marker for identifying Dendrobium and to evaluate its intragenomic variation in Dendrobium species. In total, 29,624 ITS2 copies from 18 species were obtained using 454 pyrosequencing to evaluate intragenomic variation...
2017: BioMed Research International
Yi-Kai Lin, Yu-Qiu Zhu, Jin-Ping Si, Lang Qin, Yan Zhu, Ling-Shang Wu, Jing-Jing Liu
The study was aimed to clarify the effect of three cultivation environments on the growth and metabolism of Dendrobium catenatum C13 group. There were three different cultivation conditions including rock epiphytic cultivation, pear epiphytic cultivation and pot cultivation. Morphological characteristics and agronomic characters of D. catenatum were observed and measured. Microstructure, contents of polysaccharide and alcohol-soluble extracts were measured by paraffin section method, phenol-sulfuric acid method and hot-dip method, respectively...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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