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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527001/the-relative-abundance-of-dimethylsulfoniopropionate-dmsp-among-other-zwitterions-in-branching-coral-at-heron-island-southern-great-barrier-reef
#1
Hilton B Swan, Elisabeth S M Deschaseaux, Graham B Jones, Bradley D Eyre
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and eleven other target zwitterions were quantified in the branch tips of six Acropora species and Stylophora pistillata hard coral growing on the reef flat surrounding Heron Island in the southern Great Barrier Reef (GBR), Australia. Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS) was used for sample analysis with isotope dilution MS applied to quantify DMSP. The concentration of DMSP was ten times greater in A. aspera than A. valida, with this difference being maintained throughout the spring, summer and winter seasons...
May 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526900/abundance-of-corals-on-offshore-oil-and-gas-platforms-in-the-gulf-of-mexico
#2
Stephan R Kolian, Paul W Sammarco, Scott A Porter
Scleractinian, octocoral, and antipatharian corals have colonized many of the offshore oil and gas platforms in the northern Gulf of Mexico. We surveyed 25 offshore oil and gas platforms for these cnidarians. Few to no corals were detected on inshore, shallow-water structures at <25 m depth; however, the abundance of corals increased, ranging from 14 to 194/m(2), on platforms in waters deeper ≥25 m. The most common coral encountered were Tubastraea coccinea (Scleractinia) and Telesto spp. (Octocorallia)...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526853/response-of-coral-calcification-and-calcifying-fluid-composition-to-thermally-induced-bleaching-stress
#3
J P D'Olivo, M T McCulloch
Severe, global-scale thermal stress events like those of 1998 and 2016, are becoming more frequent and intense, potentially compromising the future of coral reefs. Here we report the effects of the 1998 bleaching event on coral calcification as well as the composition of the calcifying fluid (cf) from which corals precipitate their calcium carbonate skeletons. This was investigated by using the Sr/Ca, Li/Mg (temperature), and boron isotopes (δ(11)B) and B/Ca (carbonate chemistry) proxies in a Porites sp. coral...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526526/nuclear-weapons-produced-236-u-239-pu-and-240-pu-archived-in-a-porites-lutea-coral-from-enewetak-atoll
#4
M B Froehlich, S G Tims, S J Fallon, A Wallner, L K Fifield
A slice from a Porites Lutea coral core collected inside the Enewetak Atoll lagoon, within 15 km of all major nuclear tests conducted at the atoll, was analysed for (236)U, (239)Pu and (240)Pu over the time interval 1952-1964 using a higher time resolution than previously reported for a parallel slice from the same core. In addition two sediment samples from the Koa and Oak craters were analysed. The strong peaks in the concentrations of (236)U and (239)Pu in the testing years are confirmed to be considerably wider than the flushing time of the lagoon...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526200/nickel-and-ocean-warming-affect-scleractinian-coral-growth
#5
T Biscéré, A Lorrain, R Rodolfo-Metalpa, A Gilbert, A Wright, C Devissi, C Peignon, R Farman, E Duvieilbourg, C Payri, F Houlbrèque
The sensitivity of corals and their Symbiodinium to warming has been extensively documented; however very few studies considered that anthropogenic inputs such as metal pollution have already an impact on many fringing reefs. Thus, today, nickel releases are common in coastal ecosystems. In this study, two major reef-building species Acropora muricata and Pocillopora damicornis were exposed in situ to ambient and moderate nickel concentrations on a short-term period (1h) using benthic chamber experiments. Simultaneously, we tested in laboratory conditions the combined effects of a chronic exposure (8weeks) to moderate nickel concentrations and ocean warming on A...
May 17, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526119/effects-of-temperature-salinity-and-composition-of-the-dinoflagellate-assemblage-on-the-growth-of-gambierdiscus-carpenteri-isolated-from-the-great-barrier-reef
#6
Leanne Sparrow, Paolo Momigliano, Garry R Russ, Kirsten Heimann
Increases in reported incidence of ciguatera fish poisoning (hereafter ciguatera) have been linked to warmer sea temperatures that are known to trigger coral bleaching events. The drivers that trigger blooms of ciguatera-causing dinoflagellates on the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) are poorly understood. This study investigated the effects of increased temperatures and lowered salinities, often associated with environmental disturbance events, on the population growth of two strains of the potentially ciguatera-causing dinoflagellate, Gambierdiscus carpenteri (NQAIF116 and NQAIF380)...
May 2017: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526118/effects-of-elevated-nutrients-and-co2-emission-scenarios-on-three-coral-reef-macroalgae
#7
Dorothea Bender-Champ, Guillermo Diaz-Pulido, Sophie Dove
Coral reef macroalgae are expected to thrive in the future under conditions that are deleterious to the health of reef-building corals. Here we examined how macroalgae would be affected by exposure to future CO2 emission scenarios (pCO2 and temperature), enriched nutrients and combinations of both. The species tested, Laurencia intricata (Rhodophyta), Turbinaria ornata and Chnoospora implexa (both Phaeophyceae), have active carbon-concentrating mechanisms but responded differently to the treatments. L. intricata showed high mortality under nutrient enriched RCP4...
May 2017: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522997/biogeographic-comparison-of-lophelia-associated-bacterial-communities-in-the-western-atlantic-reveals-conserved-core-microbiome
#8
Christina A Kellogg, Dawn B Goldsmith, Michael A Gray
Over the last decade, publications on deep-sea corals have tripled. Most attention has been paid to Lophelia pertusa, a globally distributed scleractinian coral that creates critical three-dimensional habitat in the deep ocean. The bacterial community associated with L. pertusa has been previously described by a number of studies at sites in the Mediterranean Sea, Norwegian fjords, off Great Britain, and in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). However, use of different methodologies prevents direct comparisons in most cases...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522534/21st-century-rise-in-anthropogenic-nitrogen-deposition-on-a-remote-coral-reef
#9
Haojia Ren, Yi-Chi Chen, Xingchen T Wang, George T F Wong, Anne L Cohen, Thomas M DeCarlo, Mira A Weigand, Horng-Sheng Mii, Daniel M Sigman
With the rapid rise in pollution-associated nitrogen inputs to the western Pacific, it has been suggested that even the open ocean has been affected. In a coral core from Dongsha Atoll, a remote coral reef ecosystem, we observe a decline in the (15)N/(14)N of coral skeleton-bound organic matter, which signals increased deposition of anthropogenic atmospheric N on the open ocean and its incorporation into plankton and, in turn, the atoll corals. The first clear change occurred just before 2000 CE, decades later than predicted by other work...
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515667/measurement-of-azimuthal-correlations-of-d-mesons-with-charged-particles-in-pp-collisions-at-formula-see-text-%C3%A2-tev-and-p-pb-collisions-at-formula-see-text-%C3%A2-tev
#10
J Adam, D Adamová, M M Aggarwal, G Aglieri Rinella, M Agnello, N Agrawal, Z Ahammed, S Ahmad, S U Ahn, S Aiola, A Akindinov, S N Alam, D S D Albuquerque, D Aleksandrov, B Alessandro, D Alexandre, R Alfaro Molina, A Alici, A Alkin, J R M Almaraz, J Alme, T Alt, S Altinpinar, I Altsybeev, C Alves Garcia Prado, C Andrei, A Andronic, V Anguelov, T Antičić, F Antinori, P Antonioli, L Aphecetche, H Appelshäuser, S Arcelli, R Arnaldi, O W Arnold, I C Arsene, M Arslandok, B Audurier, A Augustinus, R Averbeck, M D Azmi, A Badalà, Y W Baek, S Bagnasco, R Bailhache, R Bala, S Balasubramanian, A Baldisseri, R C Baral, A M Barbano, R Barbera, F Barile, G G Barnaföldi, L S Barnby, V Barret, P Bartalini, K Barth, J Bartke, E Bartsch, M Basile, N Bastid, S Basu, B Bathen, G Batigne, A Batista Camejo, B Batyunya, P C Batzing, I G Bearden, H Beck, C Bedda, N K Behera, I Belikov, F Bellini, H Bello Martinez, R Bellwied, R Belmont, E Belmont-Moreno, L G E Beltran, V Belyaev, G Bencedi, S Beole, I Berceanu, A Bercuci, Y Berdnikov, D Berenyi, R A Bertens, D Berzano, L Betev, A Bhasin, I R Bhat, A K Bhati, B Bhattacharjee, J Bhom, L Bianchi, N Bianchi, C Bianchin, J Bielčík, J Bielčíková, A Bilandzic, G Biro, R Biswas, S Biswas, S Bjelogrlic, J T Blair, D Blau, C Blume, F Bock, A Bogdanov, H Bøggild, L Boldizsár, M Bombara, M Bonora, J Book, H Borel, A Borissov, M Borri, F Bossú, E Botta, C Bourjau, P Braun-Munzinger, M Bregant, T Breitner, T A Broker, T A Browning, M Broz, E J Brucken, E Bruna, G E Bruno, D Budnikov, H Buesching, S Bufalino, S A I Buitron, P Buncic, O Busch, Z Buthelezi, J B Butt, J T Buxton, J Cabala, D Caffarri, X Cai, H Caines, L Calero Diaz, A Caliva, E Calvo Villar, P Camerini, F Carena, W Carena, F Carnesecchi, J Castillo Castellanos, A J Castro, E A R Casula, C Ceballos Sanchez, J Cepila, P Cerello, J Cerkala, B Chang, S Chapeland, M Chartier, J L Charvet, S Chattopadhyay, S Chattopadhyay, A Chauvin, V Chelnokov, M Cherney, C Cheshkov, B Cheynis, V Chibante Barroso, D D Chinellato, S Cho, P Chochula, K Choi, M Chojnacki, S Choudhury, P Christakoglou, C H Christensen, P Christiansen, T Chujo, S U Chung, C Cicalo, L Cifarelli, F Cindolo, J Cleymans, F Colamaria, D Colella, A Collu, M Colocci, G Conesa Balbastre, Z Conesa Del Valle, M E Connors, J G Contreras, T M Cormier, Y Corrales Morales, I Cortés Maldonado, P Cortese, M R Cosentino, F Costa, J Crkovská, P Crochet, R Cruz Albino, E Cuautle, L Cunqueiro, T Dahms, A Dainese, M C Danisch, A Danu, D Das, I Das, S Das, A Dash, S Dash, S De, A De Caro, G de Cataldo, C de Conti, J de Cuveland, A De Falco, D De Gruttola, N De Marco, S De Pasquale, R D De Souza, A Deisting, A Deloff, E Dénes, C Deplano, P Dhankher, D Di Bari, A Di Mauro, P Di Nezza, B Di Ruzza, M A Diaz Corchero, T Dietel, P Dillenseger, R Divià, Ø Djuvsland, A Dobrin, D Domenicis Gimenez, B Dönigus, O Dordic, T Drozhzhova, A K Dubey, A Dubla, L Ducroux, P Dupieux, R J Ehlers, D Elia, E Endress, H Engel, E Epple, B Erazmus, I Erdemir, F Erhardt, B Espagnon, M Estienne, S Esumi, J Eum, D Evans, S Evdokimov, G Eyyubova, L Fabbietti, D Fabris, J Faivre, A Fantoni, M Fasel, L Feldkamp, A Feliciello, G Feofilov, J Ferencei, A Fernández Téllez, E G Ferreiro, A Ferretti, A Festanti, V J G Feuillard, J Figiel, M A S Figueredo, S Filchagin, D Finogeev, F M Fionda, E M Fiore, M G Fleck, M Floris, S Foertsch, P Foka, S Fokin, E Fragiacomo, A Francescon, A Francisco, U Frankenfeld, G G Fronze, U Fuchs, C Furget, A Furs, M Fusco Girard, J J Gaardhøje, M Gagliardi, A M Gago, K Gajdosova, M Gallio, C D Galvan, D R Gangadharan, P Ganoti, C Gao, C Garabatos, E Garcia-Solis, C Gargiulo, P Gasik, E F Gauger, M Germain, M Gheata, P Ghosh, S K Ghosh, P Gianotti, P Giubellino, P Giubilato, E Gladysz-Dziadus, P Glässel, D M Goméz Coral, A Gomez Ramirez, A S Gonzalez, V Gonzalez, P González-Zamora, S Gorbunov, L Görlich, S Gotovac, V Grabski, O A Grachov, L K Graczykowski, K L Graham, A Grelli, A Grigoras, C Grigoras, V Grigoriev, A Grigoryan, S Grigoryan, B Grinyov, N Grion, J M Gronefeld, J F Grosse-Oetringhaus, R Grosso, L Gruber, F Guber, R Guernane, B Guerzoni, K Gulbrandsen, T Gunji, A Gupta, R Gupta, R Haake, C Hadjidakis, M Haiduc, H Hamagaki, G Hamar, J C Hamon, J W Harris, A Harton, D Hatzifotiadou, S Hayashi, S T Heckel, E Hellbär, H Helstrup, A Herghelegiu, G Herrera Corral, B A Hess, K F Hetland, H Hillemanns, B Hippolyte, D Horak, R Hosokawa, P Hristov, C Hughes, T J Humanic, N Hussain, T Hussain, D Hutter, D S Hwang, R Ilkaev, M Inaba, E Incani, M Ippolitov, M Irfan, V Isakov, M Ivanov, V Ivanov, V Izucheev, B Jacak, N Jacazio, P M Jacobs, M B Jadhav, S Jadlovska, J Jadlovsky, C Jahnke, M J Jakubowska, M A Janik, P H S Y Jayarathna, C Jena, S Jena, R T Jimenez Bustamante, P G Jones, A Jusko, P Kalinak, A Kalweit, J H Kang, V Kaplin, S Kar, A Karasu Uysal, O Karavichev, T Karavicheva, L Karayan, E Karpechev, U Kebschull, R Keidel, D L D Keijdener, M Keil, M Mohisin Khan, P Khan, S A Khan, A Khanzadeev, Y Kharlov, B Kileng, D W Kim, D J Kim, D Kim, H Kim, J S Kim, J Kim, M Kim, M Kim, S Kim, T Kim, S Kirsch, I Kisel, S Kiselev, A Kisiel, G Kiss, J L Klay, C Klein, J Klein, C Klein-Bösing, S Klewin, A Kluge, M L Knichel, A G Knospe, C Kobdaj, M Kofarago, T Kollegger, A Kolojvari, V Kondratiev, N Kondratyeva, E Kondratyuk, A Konevskikh, M Kopcik, M Kour, C Kouzinopoulos, O Kovalenko, V Kovalenko, M Kowalski, G Koyithatta Meethaleveedu, I Králik, A Kravčáková, M Krivda, F Krizek, E Kryshen, M Krzewicki, A M Kubera, V Kučera, C Kuhn, P G Kuijer, A Kumar, J Kumar, L Kumar, S Kumar, P Kurashvili, A Kurepin, A B Kurepin, A Kuryakin, M J Kweon, Y Kwon, S L La Pointe, P La Rocca, P Ladron de Guevara, C Lagana Fernandes, I Lakomov, R Langoy, K Lapidus, C Lara, A Lardeux, A Lattuca, E Laudi, R Lea, L Leardini, S Lee, F Lehas, S Lehner, R C Lemmon, V Lenti, E Leogrande, I León Monzón, H León Vargas, M Leoncino, P Lévai, S Li, X Li, J Lien, R Lietava, S Lindal, V Lindenstruth, C Lippmann, M A Lisa, H M Ljunggren, D F Lodato, P I Loenne, V Loginov, C Loizides, X Lopez, E López Torres, A Lowe, P Luettig, M Lunardon, G Luparello, M Lupi, T H Lutz, A Maevskaya, M Mager, S Mahajan, S M Mahmood, A Maire, R D Majka, M Malaev, I Maldonado Cervantes, L Malinina, D Mal'Kevich, P Malzacher, A Mamonov, V Manko, F Manso, V Manzari, Y Mao, M Marchisone, J Mareš, G V Margagliotti, A Margotti, J Margutti, A Marín, C Markert, M Marquard, N A Martin, P Martinengo, M I Martínez, G Martínez García, M Martinez Pedreira, A Mas, S Masciocchi, M Masera, A Masoni, A Mastroserio, A Matyja, C Mayer, J Mazer, M A Mazzoni, D Mcdonald, F Meddi, Y Melikyan, A Menchaca-Rocha, E Meninno, J Mercado Pérez, M Meres, S Mhlanga, Y Miake, M M Mieskolainen, K Mikhaylov, L Milano, J Milosevic, A Mischke, A N Mishra, D Miśkowiec, J Mitra, C M Mitu, N Mohammadi, B Mohanty, L Molnar, L Montaño Zetina, E Montes, D A Moreira De Godoy, L A P Moreno, S Moretto, A Morreale, A Morsch, V Muccifora, E Mudnic, D Mühlheim, S Muhuri, M Mukherjee, J D Mulligan, M G Munhoz, K Münning, R H Munzer, H Murakami, S Murray, L Musa, J Musinsky, B Naik, R Nair, B K Nandi, R Nania, E Nappi, M U Naru, H Natal da Luz, C Nattrass, S R Navarro, K Nayak, R Nayak, T K Nayak, S Nazarenko, A Nedosekin, R A Negrao De Oliveira, L Nellen, F Ng, M Nicassio, M Niculescu, J Niedziela, B S Nielsen, S Nikolaev, S Nikulin, V Nikulin, F Noferini, P Nomokonov, G Nooren, J C C Noris, J Norman, A Nyanin, J Nystrand, H Oeschler, S Oh, S K Oh, A Ohlson, A Okatan, T Okubo, L Olah, J Oleniacz, A C Oliveira Da Silva, M H Oliver, J Onderwaater, C Oppedisano, R Orava, M Oravec, A Ortiz Velasquez, A Oskarsson, J Otwinowski, K Oyama, M Ozdemir, Y Pachmayer, D Pagano, P Pagano, G Paić, S K Pal, P Palni, J Pan, A K Pandey, V Papikyan, G S Pappalardo, P Pareek, J Park, W J Park, S Parmar, A Passfeld, V Paticchio, R N Patra, B Paul, H Pei, T Peitzmann, X Peng, H Pereira Da Costa, D Peresunko, E Perez Lezama, V Peskov, Y Pestov, V Petráček, V Petrov, M Petrovici, C Petta, S Piano, M Pikna, P Pillot, L O D L Pimentel, O Pinazza, L Pinsky, D B Piyarathna, M Płoskoń, M Planinic, J Pluta, S Pochybova, P L M Podesta-Lerma, M G Poghosyan, B Polichtchouk, N Poljak, W Poonsawat, A Pop, H Poppenborg, S Porteboeuf-Houssais, J Porter, J Pospisil, S K Prasad, R Preghenella, F Prino, C A Pruneau, I Pshenichnov, M Puccio, G Puddu, P Pujahari, V Punin, J Putschke, H Qvigstad, A Rachevski, S Raha, S Rajput, J Rak, A Rakotozafindrabe, L Ramello, F Rami, R Raniwala, S Raniwala, S S Räsänen, B T Rascanu, D Rathee, K F Read, K Redlich, R J Reed, A Rehman, P Reichelt, F Reidt, X Ren, R Renfordt, A R Reolon, A Reshetin, K Reygers, V Riabov, R A Ricci, T Richert, M Richter, P Riedler, W Riegler, F Riggi, C Ristea, E Rocco, M Rodríguez Cahuantzi, A Rodriguez Manso, K Røed, E Rogochaya, D Rohr, D Röhrich, F Ronchetti, L Ronflette, P Rosnet, A Rossi, F Roukoutakis, A Roy, C Roy, P Roy, A J Rubio Montero, R Rui, R Russo, E Ryabinkin, Y Ryabov, A Rybicki, S Saarinen, S Sadhu, S Sadovsky, K Šafařík, B Sahlmuller, P Sahoo, R Sahoo, S Sahoo, P K Sahu, J Saini, S Sakai, M A Saleh, J Salzwedel, S Sambyal, V Samsonov, L Šándor, A Sandoval, M Sano, D Sarkar, N Sarkar, P Sarma, E Scapparone, F Scarlassara, C Schiaua, R Schicker, C Schmidt, H R Schmidt, M Schmidt, S Schuchmann, J Schukraft, Y Schutz, K Schwarz, K Schweda, G Scioli, E Scomparin, R Scott, M Šefčík, J E Seger, Y Sekiguchi, D Sekihata, I Selyuzhenkov, K Senosi, S Senyukov, E Serradilla, A Sevcenco, A Shabanov, A Shabetai, O Shadura, R Shahoyan, A Shangaraev, A Sharma, M Sharma, M Sharma, N Sharma, A I Sheikh, K Shigaki, Q Shou, K Shtejer, Y Sibiriak, S Siddhanta, K M Sielewicz, T Siemiarczuk, D Silvermyr, C Silvestre, G Simatovic, G Simonetti, R Singaraju, R Singh, V Singhal, T Sinha, B Sitar, M Sitta, T B Skaali, M Slupecki, N Smirnov, R J M Snellings, T W Snellman, J Song, M Song, Z Song, F Soramel, S Sorensen, F Sozzi, E Spiriti, I Sputowska, M Spyropoulou-Stassinaki, J Stachel, I Stan, P Stankus, E Stenlund, G Steyn, J H Stiller, D Stocco, P Strmen, A A P Suaide, T Sugitate, C Suire, M Suleymanov, M Suljic, R Sultanov, M Šumbera, S Sumowidagdo, A Szabo, I Szarka, A Szczepankiewicz, M Szymanski, U Tabassam, J Takahashi, G J Tambave, N Tanaka, M Tarhini, M Tariq, M G Tarzila, A Tauro, G Tejeda Muñoz, A Telesca, K Terasaki, C Terrevoli, B Teyssier, J Thäder, D Thakur, D Thomas, R Tieulent, A Tikhonov, A R Timmins, A Toia, S Trogolo, G Trombetta, V Trubnikov, W H Trzaska, T Tsuji, A Tumkin, R Turrisi, T S Tveter, K Ullaland, A Uras, G L Usai, A Utrobicic, M Vala, L Valencia Palomo, S Vallero, J Van Der Maarel, J W Van Hoorne, M van Leeuwen, T Vanat, P Vande Vyvre, D Varga, A Vargas, M Vargyas, R Varma, M Vasileiou, A Vasiliev, A Vauthier, O Vázquez Doce, V Vechernin, A M Veen, A Velure, E Vercellin, S Vergara Limón, R Vernet, M Verweij, L Vickovic, J Viinikainen, Z Vilakazi, O Villalobos Baillie, A Villatoro Tello, A Vinogradov, L Vinogradov, T Virgili, V Vislavicius, Y P Viyogi, A Vodopyanov, M A Völkl, K Voloshin, S A Voloshin, G Volpe, B von Haller, I Vorobyev, D Vranic, J Vrláková, B Vulpescu, B Wagner, J Wagner, H Wang, M Wang, D Watanabe, Y Watanabe, M Weber, S G Weber, D F Weiser, J P Wessels, U Westerhoff, A M Whitehead, J Wiechula, J Wikne, G Wilk, J Wilkinson, G A Willems, M C S Williams, B Windelband, M Winn, S Yalcin, P Yang, S Yano, Z Yin, H Yokoyama, I-K Yoo, J H Yoon, V Yurchenko, A Zaborowska, V Zaccolo, A Zaman, C Zampolli, H J C Zanoli, S Zaporozhets, N Zardoshti, A Zarochentsev, P Závada, N Zaviyalov, H Zbroszczyk, I S Zgura, M Zhalov, H Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhang, Z Zhang, C Zhao, N Zhigareva, D Zhou, Y Zhou, Z Zhou, H Zhu, J Zhu, A Zichichi, A Zimmermann, M B Zimmermann, G Zinovjev, M Zyzak
The azimuthal correlations of D mesons with charged particles were measured with the ALICE apparatus in pp collisions at [Formula: see text] and p-Pb collisions at [Formula: see text] at the Large Hadron Collider. [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], and [Formula: see text] mesons and their charge conjugates with transverse momentum [Formula: see text] and rapidity in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass system [Formula: see text] (pp collisions) and [Formula: see text] (p-Pb collisions) were correlated to charged particles with [Formula: see text]...
2017: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515376/carotenoids-of-red-brown-and-black-specimens-of-plectropomus-leopardus-the-coral-trout-suziara-in-japanese
#11
Takashi Maoka, Wataru Sato, Hidetada Nagai, Toshiyuki Takahashi
This study investigated the carotenoids occurring in the integument of Plectropomus leopardus, the coral trout. For a red specimen, the major carotenoids included astaxanthin diester and monoester, as well as α-cryptoxanthin ester, tunaxanthin diester, adonixanthin diester, adonirubin ester, and adonirubin; for brown and black specimens, tunaxanthin diester was the main carotenoid. (1)H-NMR and MS spectral analyses showed that docosahexaenoic acid was the sole fatty acid esterified with xanthophylls in the coral trout...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515334/central-acting-therapeutics-alleviate-respiratory-weakness-caused-by-heart-failure-induced-ventilatory-overdrive
#12
Andrew J Foster, Mathew J Platt, Jason S Huber, Ashley L Eadie, Alicia M Arkell, Nadya Romanova, David C Wright, Todd E Gillis, Coral L Murrant, Keith R Brunt, Jeremy A Simpson
Diaphragmatic weakness is a feature of heart failure (HF) associated with dyspnea and exertional fatigue. Most studies have focused on advanced stages of HF, leaving the cause unresolved. The long-standing theory is that pulmonary edema imposes a mechanical stress, resulting in diaphragmatic remodeling, but stable HF patients rarely exhibit pulmonary edema. We investigated how diaphragmatic weakness develops in two mouse models of pressure overload-induced HF. As in HF patients, both models had increased eupneic respiratory pressures and ventilatory drive...
May 17, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515171/mutualistic-damselfish-induce-higher-photosynthetic-rates-in-their-host-coral
#13
Nur Garcia-Herrera, Sebastian C A Ferse, Andreas Kunzmann, Amatzia Genin
Coral reefs are amongst the most diverse ecosystems on Earth where complex inter-specific interactions are ubiquitous. An example of such interactions is the mutualistic relationship between damselfishes and branching corals in the Northern Red Sea, where the fish use corals as shelter and provide them with nutrients, enhance the flow between their branches, and protect them from predators. By enhancing the flow between the coral branches, the fish ventilate the coral's inner zone, mitigating hypoxic conditions that otherwise develop within that zone during the night...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515166/damselfish-are-coral-fans
#14
Kathryn Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513777/population-dynamics-of-siderastrea-stellata-verrill-1868-from-rocas-atoll-rn-implications-for-predicted-climate-change-impacts-at-the-only-south-atlantic-atoll
#15
Barbara R Pinheiro, Natan S Pereira, Paula G F Agostinho, Manuel J F Montes
Coral reefs are one of the most vulnerable ecosystems to ocean warming and acidification, and it is important to determine the role of reef building species in this environment in order to obtain insight into their susceptibility to expected impacts of global changes. Aspects of the life history of a coral population, such as reproduction, growth and size-frequency can contribute to the production of models that are used to estimate impacts and potential recovery of the population, acting as a powerful tool for the conservation and management of those ecosystems...
May 15, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512344/ecological-relevance-of-skeletal-fatty-acid-concentration-and-composition-in-mediterranean-scleractinian-corals
#16
Chiara Samorì, Erik Caroselli, Fiorella Prada, Michela Reggi, Simona Fermani, Zvy Dubinsky, Stefano Goffredo, Giuseppe Falini
The intra-skeletal fatty acid concentration and composition of four Mediterranean coral species, namely Cladocora caespitosa, Balanophyllia europaea, Astroides calycularis and Leptopsammia pruvoti, were examined in young and old individuals living in three different locations of the Mediterranean Sea. These species are characterized by diverse levels of organization (solitary or colonial) and trophic strategies (symbiotic or non-symbiotic). Fatty acids have manifold fundamental roles comprehensive of membrane structure fluidity, cell signaling and energy storage...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510705/crystal-structure-of-octocoral-lectin-sll-2-complexed-with-forssman-antigen-tetrasaccharide
#17
Akiko Kita, Mitsuru Jimbo, Ryuichi Sakai, Yukio Morimoto, Ryota Takeuchi, Hiroshi Tanaka, Takashi Takahashi, Kunio Miki
A symbiosis-related lectin, SLL-2, from the octocoral Sinularia lochmodes, distributes densely on the cell surface of microalgae, Symbiodinium sp., an endosymbiotic dinoflagellate of the coral, and is also shown to be a chemical cue that transforms dinoflagellates into a non-motile (coccoid) symbiotic state. SLL-2 binds to the sugar chain of the molecule similar to Forssman antigen pentasaccharide (GalNAcα1-3GalNAcβ1-3 Galα1-4 Galβ1-4Glc) on the surface of microalgae with high affinity. Here we report the crystal structure of the complex between SLL-2 and Forssman antigen tetrasaccharide (GalNAcα1-3GalNAcβ1-3 Galα1-4 Galβ) at 3...
May 16, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510601/reproductive-biology-of-the-deep-brooding-coral-seriatopora-hystrix-implications-for-shallow-reef-recovery
#18
Rian Prasetia, Frederic Sinniger, Kaito Hashizume, Saki Harii
Mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs, between 30 and 150 m depth) are hypothesized to contribute to the recovery of degraded shallow reefs through sexually produced larvae (referred to as Deep Reef Refuge Hypothesis). In Okinawa, Japan, the brooder coral Seriatopora hystrix was reported to be locally extinct in a shallow reef while it was found abundant at a MCE nearby. In this context, S. hystrix represents a key model to test the Deep Reef Refuge Hypothesis and to understand the potential contribution of mesophotic corals to shallow coral reef recovery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509908/microbial-contributions-to-the-persistence-of-coral-reefs
#19
Nicole S Webster, Thorsten B H Reusch
On contemplating the adaptive capacity of reef organisms to a rapidly changing environment, the microbiome offers significant and greatly unrecognised potential. Microbial symbionts contribute to the physiology, development, immunity and behaviour of their hosts, and can respond very rapidly to changing environmental conditions, providing a powerful mechanism for acclimatisation and also possibly rapid evolution of coral reef holobionts. Environmentally acquired fluctuations in the microbiome can have significant functional consequences for the holobiont phenotype upon which selection can act...
May 16, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507301/erratum-molecular-characterization-reveals-the-complexity-of-previously-overlooked-coral-exosymbiont-interactions-and-the-implications-for-coral-guild-ecology
#20
H Rouzé, M Leray, H Magalon, L Penin, P Gélin, N Knowlton, C Fauvelot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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