keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nausea and vomitting

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907226/paravertebral-block-associated-with-decreased-opioid-use-and-less-nausea-and-vomiting-after-reduction-mammaplasty
#1
David D Rivedal, Harry S Nayar, Jacqueline S Israel, Glen Leverson, Andrew J Schulz, Tamara Chambers, Ahmed M Afifi, Jocelyn M Blake, Samuel O Poore
BACKGROUND: In light of data finding that postoperative pain, nausea, and vomiting worsen outcomes, a renewed emphasis has been placed on optimizing the perioperative period. Use of preoperative paravertebral block (PVB) has been shown to reduce opioid administration and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in many surgical populations, though its role in reduction mammaplasty remains undefined. Therefore, we seek to evaluate PVB as an adjunct to general anesthesia (GA) for reduction mammaplasty...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907086/potential-risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-among-adult-patients-with-dyspepsia-symptoms-in-cameroon
#2
Laure Brigitte Kouitcheu Mabeku, Michelle Larissa Noundjeu Ngamga, Hubert Leundji
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a Gram negative bacterium that colonizes the stomach of approximately two-thirds of the human population and it is involved in the pathogenesis of gastroduodenal diseases. This study sought to determine potential risk factors associated with seroprevalence of H. pylori among dyspepsia patients in Cameroon for a better management of the disease. METHODS: The study was carried out from August to December 2014 at Laquintinie Hospital and District Hospital of Bonassama in Douala metropolis...
June 15, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906709/short-term-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-lurasidone-in-the-treatment-of-acute-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Wei Zheng, Dong-Bin Cai, Xin-Hu Yang, Lu Li, Qing-E Zhang, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Xian-Bin Li, Yu-Ping Ning, Yu-Tao Xiang
BACKGROUND: Lurasidone, an azapirone derivative, is a novel second generation antipsychotic with potent binding affinity for dopamine D2, serotonin 5-HT2A , 5-HT7, 5-HT1A, and noradrenaline alpha2C receptors. This updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examined the short-term efficacy and tolerability of lurasidone in the treatment of acute schizophrenia. METHODS: Double-blinded RCTs reporting on the short-term effects of lurasidone were included...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906570/randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-iii-trial-of-fosaprepitant-ondansetron-dexamethasone-fond-versus-fond-plus-olanzapine-fond-o-for-the-prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-receiving-highly-emetogenic
#4
Amber B Clemmons, Julianne Orr, Benjamin Andrick, Arpita Gandhi, Claude Sportes, David DeRemer
Evidence supports olanzapine for prophylaxis of chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting (CINV) for highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC); however, most studies focus on solid malignancies and single day regimens. A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to compare addition of olanzapine to triplet therapy (fosaprepitant, ondansetron, dexamethasone; FOND-O) versus triplet therapy alone (FOND) in preventing CINV in hematology patients receiving single and multi-day HEC and hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) regimens (NCT02635984)...
June 12, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906236/the-effect-of-preparative-solid-food-status-on-the-occurrence-of-nausea-vomiting-and-aspiration-symptoms-in-enhanced-ct-examination-prospective-observational-study
#5
Xue Li, Heng Liu, Li Zhao, Junling Liu, Li Cai, Letian Zhang, Lei Liu, Weiguo Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between preparative solid food status and the incidence of nausea, vomiting and aspiration symptoms in contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination, and to provide direction for standardizing the preparative dietary policies. METHODS: Patients who underwent routine enhanced CT examination at our hospital between June 2015 and June 2017 (110,836 cases) were enrolled and allocated into solid food fasting group (51,807 cases) and solid food non-fasting group (59,029 cases)...
June 15, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906034/schmidt%C3%A2-s-syndrome-a-difficult-diagnosis-in-the-latin-american-context
#6
Claudia Barreda-Velit, Rodrigo Salcedo-Pereda, Jesús Ticona
Background: Schmidt’s syndrome, also known as poliglandular autoimmune syndrome type 2, is a rare disease that has a prevalence between 1.5-4.5 cases per 100 000 inhabitants. The diagnosis consists in the concomitant presentation of Addison disease, autoimmune thyroid disease and other autoimmune endocrinological conditions. The aim of this paper is to describe a case of Schmidt’s syndrome in the peruvian context and to analyze the difficulties in the diagnosis. Clinical case: We present the case of a 43-year-old woman that presents to the emergency room with headache, nausea, vomits and a “syncope episode”...
March 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905976/pharmacokinetics-safety-and-tolerability-of-rolapitant-administered-intravenously-following-single-ascending-and-multiple-ascending-doses-in-healthy-subjects
#7
Xiaodong Wang, Zhi-Yi Zhang, Jing Wang, Dan Powers, Sujata Arora, Sharon Lu, Vikram Kansra
Rolapitant is a selective and long-acting neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist approved in an oral formulation in combination with dexamethasone and a 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptor antagonist for the prevention of delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in adults. The pharmacokinetic and safety profiles of intravenous (IV) rolapitant were evaluated in two open-label, phase 1 trials in healthy subjects. Single ascending dose (SAD) and multiple ascending dose studies were conducted in one trial (PR-11-5012-C), and a supratherapeutic SAD study was conducted in a separate trial (PR-11-5022-C)...
June 15, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905918/ocular-symptoms-and-signs-of-chikungunya-fever-in-puerto-rico
#8
Jan P Ulloa-Padilla, Pedro J Dávila, Natalio J Izquierdo, Omar García-Rodríguez, Ivonne Z Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: To determine what ocular symptoms and signs are most common and if there are any associations with comorbid conditions in patients with Chikungunya fever. METHODS: A retrospective data review and analysis of the ocular symptomatology of 139 patients with Chikungunya fever who visited a local emergency room from August through September 2014. Frequencies were calculated, and Pearson's chisquare test employed. All the patients were confirmed as having Chikungunya with IgM (ELISA) before admittance into the study...
June 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905898/phase-i-study-of-the-anti-%C3%AE-5%C3%AE-1-monoclonal-antibody-mint1526a-with-or-without-bevacizumab-in-patients-with-advanced-solid-tumors
#9
Colin D Weekes, Lee S Rosen, Anna Capasso, Kit Man Wong, Weilan Ye, Maria Anderson, Bruce McCall, Jill Fredrickson, Eric Wakshull, Steve Eppler, Quyen Shon-Nguyen, Rupal Desai, Mahrukh Huseni, Priti S Hegde, Tony Pourmohamad, Ina Rhee, Alberto Bessudo
PURPOSE: MINT1526A is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 (α5β1) with its extracellular matrix ligands. This phase I study evaluated the safety and pharmacokinetics of MINT1526A with or without bevacizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors. METHODS: MINT1526A was administered every 3 weeks (Q3W) as monotherapy (arm 1) or in combination with bevacizumab 15 mg/kg, Q3W (arm 2). Each arm included a 3 + 3 dose-escalation stage and a dose-expansion stage...
June 15, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904615/acute-pericarditis-as-a-presentation-of-adrenal-insufficiency
#10
Sukesh Manthri, Sindhura Bandaru, Abdisamad Ibrahim, Chaitanya K Mamillapalli
Acute pericarditis as a presenting sign of adrenal insufficiency is rarely reported. We present a rare case that highlights pericarditis as a clinical presentation of secondary adrenal insufficiency later complicated by cardiac tamponade. A 44-year-old lady who presented to the hospital with a one-day history of pleuritic chest pain and shortness of breath. In the emergency room, she had a blood pressure of 70/35 mmHg. Laboratory evaluation revealed white blood cell count of 16.08 k/cumm with neutrophilia, normal renal function and elevated troponin (0...
April 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904455/high-grade-atrioventricular-block-in-von-recklinghausen-disease-a-rare-phenomenon
#11
Glenmore Lasam, Marcelina Lasam
A case of a 73-year-old woman with a history of von Recklinghausen disease (neurofibromatosis type 1) who presented initially with a gradual onset of shortness of breath and lightheadedness with no associated fever, chills, angina, palpitations, cough, weight loss, night sweats, nausea, vomiting, or constipation. She was found to be severely bradycardic and in third degree atrioventricular block by her primary care physician. She was admitted in the hospital because of intermittent bouts of lightheadedness and progression of the shortness of breath...
June 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904454/a-rare-case-of-native-mitral-valve-bacillus-cereus-endocarditis-culminating-into-a-cerebrovascular-infarction
#12
Bibai Ren, Glenmore Lasam
We report a case of a 56-year-old man who presented initially with a sudden onset of right-sided facial droop and weakness, aphasia, and confusion with no associated fever, chills, syncope, fatigue, weight loss, night sweats, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, odontalgia, palpitations, cough, or dyspnea. Code stroke was called and the patient received tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) with subsequent resolution of his symptoms. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed left frontal punctate cortical restricted diffusion consistent with subacute to acute infarction...
June 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903459/single-injection-adductor-canal-block-with-multiple-adjuvants-provides-equivalent-analgesia-when-compared-with-continuous-adductor-canal-blockade-for-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-equivalency-trial
#13
James D Turner, Sean W Dobson, Daryl S Henshaw, Christopher J Edwards, Robert S Weller, Jon W Reynolds, Gregory B Russell, Jonathan D Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve blockade is used to provide analgesia for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. This study compared a single-injection adductor canal block (SACB) with adjuvants to continuous adductor canal blockade (CACB). The hypothesis was that the 2 groups would have equivalent analgesia at 30 hours after neural blockade. METHODS: This was a double-blinded, randomized, controlled, equivalency trial. Sixty patients were randomized to either the SACB group (20 mL of 0...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902610/modified-extended-suboccipital-subtonsillar-clipping-of-a-ruptured-proximal-pica-aneurysm-technical-note-with-relevant-anatomical-demonstration
#14
Alberto Di Somma, Paloma Cancela, Magdalena Olivares, Teresa Somma, Antonio López-González, Alvaro Campero, Juan Emmerich, Javier Márquez-Rivas
BACKGROUND: and importance: Lesions located lateral to the lower brainstem, such as proximal posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms, are surgically challenging. In this study we report a case of a patient with a left proximal PICA aneurysm that was successfully clipped via a so-called "extended" suboccipital subtonsillar approach, which allowed to obtain proper vascular control without removal of the atlas. The anatomy relevant for this approach has been studied...
June 11, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902215/clinical-analgesic-efficacy-of-dexamethasone-as-a-local-anesthetic-adjuvant-for-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-a-meta-analysis
#15
Qi Chen, Ran An, Ju Zhou, Bin Yang
BACKGROUND: Perineural dexamethasone has been shown to prolong the duration of local anesthetic (LA) effect in regional anesthesia; however, the use of perineural dexamethasone as an adjuvant to to the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block remains controversial. This meta-analysis sought to assess the efficacy of dexamethasone in prolonging the TAP block and enhancing recovery after abdominal surgery. METHODS: We identified and analyzed 9 RCTs published on or before September 30, 2017, regardless of the original language, after searching the following 6 bibliographic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, Springer, Ovid, and the Cochrane Library...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898082/a-review-of-50-cases-of-bath-related-headache-clinical-features-and-possible-diagnostic-criteria
#16
Raimundo Pereira Silva-Néto
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical features and possible diagnostic criteria of the 50 bath-related headache (BRH) cases that have been published in the literature to date. METHODS: Based on a literature search in the major medical databases, we analyzed all case reports or case series on BRH that were published between 2000 and 2017. RESULTS: We describe 48 women and two men diagnosed with BRH. Of these 50 patients, 90% were from Asian countries...
May 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893452/aprepitant-for-the-prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-paediatric-subjects-an-analysis-by-age-group
#17
Hyoung Jin Kang, Susan Loftus, Cara DiCristina, Stuart Green, Annpey Pong, Christian Michel Zwaan
BACKGROUND: This was a subgroup analysis of age group, dexamethasone use, and very highly emetogenic chemotherapy (VHEC) use from a randomised, multicentre, double-blind, Phase 3 study of oral aprepitant in paediatric subjects. METHODS: Subjects aged 6 months to 17 years scheduled to receive chemotherapeutic agents associated with at least moderate risk for emesis were randomly assigned to receive either aprepitant plus ondansetron (aprepitant regimen) or placebo plus ondansetron (control regimen); both could be administered with or without dexamethasone...
June 12, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892482/selective-embolisation-for-intractable-bladder-haemorrhages-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Diaa-Eldin Taha, Ahmed A Shokeir, Omar A Aboumarzouk
Objective: To establish the current evidence and assess the effectiveness and safety of selective transarterial embolisation (STE) to control intractable bladder haemorrhage (IBH). Materials and methods: With a rise in the use of STE for the treatment of IBH, a systematic review was performed according to the Cochrane reviews guidelines and in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Results: The literature search yielded 38 studies, of which 11 were excluded because of irrelevance of data...
June 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891441/adverse-events-associated-with-infusion-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-products-a-prospective-and-multicenter-surveillance-study
#19
REVIEW
Kazuhiko Ikeda, Hitoshi Ohto, Yoshiki Okuyama, Minami Yamada-Fujiwara, Heiwa Kanamori, Shin-Ichiro Fujiwara, Kazuo Muroi, Takehiko Mori, Kinuyo Kasama, Tohru Iseki, Tokiko Nagamura-Inoue, Nobuharu Fujii, Takashi Ashida, Kazuaki Kameda, Junya Kanda, Asao Hirose, Tsutomu Takahashi, Kazuhiro Nagai, Keiji Minakawa, Ryuji Tanosaki
Adverse events (AEs) associated with blood transfusions, including component-specific red cell, platelet, and plasma products, have been extensively surveyed. In contrast, surveillance of AEs associated with hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) products in HSC transplantation (HSCT) has been less rigorous, even though HSC products include a diversity of immature and mature hematopoietic cells, substantial plasma, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in the case of cryopreserved HSC products. HSC infusion-related AEs have been attributed to DMSO toxicity, but AEs associated with the infusion of noncryopreserved HSC products are not uncommon...
June 1, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891044/the-first-reported-case-of-cytomegalovirus-gastritis-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#20
REVIEW
Chi-Hao Liu, An-Hang Yang, Shuo-Ming Ou, Der-Cherng Tarng
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a common infectious complication in immunocompromised patients. The colon is the most common site of CMV infection in the gastrointestinal tract. Rarely, however, invasion of the upper gastrointestinal tract, such as the esophagus or stomach, has been reported. Herein, we describe the first reported case of CMV gastritis in a patient with end-stage renal disease and uremic symptoms (including nausea, vomiting, and poor appetite) who had begun hemodialysis therapy. This patient was not a transplant recipient and was not receiving immunosuppressant treatment...
June 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
keyword
keyword
21255
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"