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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655086/-clinical-study-of-smt-%C3%A2-video-laryngoscope-with-difficult-airway-intubation-in-emergency-department
#1
J H Yu, Y Wang
Objective: To observe the clinical feasibility and security of SMT-Ⅱ video laryngoscope in difficult airway intubation in emergency department. Methods: This study took 90 adults with difficult airway who were admitted to the rescue room of Jingxi court of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2015 to December 2016.The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups(SMT-Ⅱ video laryngoscope group: n=45, Macintosh direct laryngoscope group: n=45), which were treated with endotracheal intubation and ventilator assisted ventilation...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655049/video-game-rehabilitation-of-velopharyngeal-dysfunction-a-case-series
#2
Gabriel J Cler, Talia Mittelman, Maia N Braden, Geralyn Harvey Woodnorth, Cara E Stepp
Purpose: Video games provide a promising platform for rehabilitation of speech disorders. Although video games have been used to train speech perception in foreign language learners and have been proposed for aural rehabilitation, their use in speech therapy has been limited thus far. We present feasibility results from at-home use in a case series of children with velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) using an interactive video game that provided real-time biofeedback to facilitate appropriate nasalization...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654689/a-high-density-intraspecific-snp-linkage-map-of-pigeonpea-cajanas-cajan-l-millsp
#3
Sheetal Arora, Ajay Kumar Mahato, Sangeeta Singh, Paritra Mandal, Shefali Bhutani, Sutapa Dutta, Giriraj Kumawat, Bikram Pratap Singh, A K Chaudhary, Rekha Yadav, K Gaikwad, Amitha Mithra Sevanthi, Subhojit Datta, Ranjeet S Raje, Tilak R Sharma, Nagendra Kumar Singh
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) is a major food legume cultivated in semi-arid tropical regions including the Indian subcontinent, Africa, and Southeast Asia. It is an important source of protein, minerals, and vitamins for nearly 20% of the world population. Due to high carbon sequestration and drought tolerance, pigeonpea is an important crop for the development of climate resilient agriculture and nutritional security. However, pigeonpea productivity has remained low for decades because of limited genetic and genomic resources, and sparse utilization of landraces and wild pigeonpea germplasm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654317/federal-funding-for-health-security-in-fy2018
#4
Crystal Watson, Matthew Watson, Tara Kirk Sell
This article is the latest in an annual series analyzing federal funding for health security programs. It examines proposed funding in the President's Budget Request for FY2018 and provides updated amounts for FY2017 and actual funding for FY2010 through FY2016. The proposed FY2018 budget for health security-related programs represents a significant decrease in funding from prior years and previous administrations. In total, the President's proposed FY2018 budget includes $12.45 billion for health security-related programs, an estimated decrease in funding of $1...
June 27, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654006/algorithms-for-lightweight-key-exchange-%C3%A2
#5
Rafael Alvarez, Cándido Caballero-Gil, Juan Santonja, Antonio Zamora
Public-key cryptography is too slow for general purpose encryption, with most applications limiting its use as much as possible. Some secure protocols, especially those that enable forward secrecy, make a much heavier use of public-key cryptography, increasing the demand for lightweight cryptosystems that can be implemented in low powered or mobile devices. This performance requirements are even more significant in critical infrastructure and emergency scenarios where peer-to-peer networks are deployed for increased availability and resiliency...
June 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653379/only-one-small-sin-how-self-construal-affects-self-control
#6
Janina Steinmetz, Thomas Mussweiler
Past research has shown that self-construal can influence self-control by reducing interdependent people's impulsivity in the presence of peers. We broaden these findings by examining the hypothesis that an interdependent (vs. independent) self-construal fosters self-control even in the absence of peers and for non-impulsive decisions. We further explore whether this effect could be mediated by the more interrelated (vs. isolated) processing style of interdependent (vs. independent) people. Such an interrelated (vs...
June 26, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653132/food-insecurity-and-aging-outcomes-in-older-adults-living-with-hiv
#7
Nancy A Hessol, Roland Zepf, Elizabeth Zobell, Sheri D Weiser, Malcolm D John
Little is known about food insecurity and its association with geriatric outcomes in older people living with HIV (PLWH). This was a cross-sectional study of 230 HIV-infected patients aged 50 and older recruited in December 2012 through June 2016. Poisson logistic regression models estimated the prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between food insecurity and the following geriatric outcomes: frailty, physical health and function, social support, mental health and cognition, and behavioral health...
June 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653049/precision-and-security-in-restorative-dentistry-the-synergy-of-isolation-and-magnification
#8
Stephane Browet, David Gerdolle
It is often presumed that, since its introduction in 1864, the use of rubber dam in multiple dental procedures has increased. However, its use is not as widespread as one might expect. There still seem to be many obstacles that prevent clinicians from adopting it as a standard of care. Furthermore, it appears very difficult to scientifically prove the impact of its use on the final outcome of a given procedure. The fundamental idea of isolating the operatory field and preventing contamination is simple; the practical execution of it is more demanding...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652786/rifampicin-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-among-tuberculosis-presumptive-cases-at-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#9
Kefyalew N Jaleta, Mucheye Gizachew, Baye Gelaw, Habtie Tesfa, Alem Getaneh, Belete Biadgo
BACKGROUND: Various studies have reported that the emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis poses a significant threat to tuberculosis-control programs worldwide. Rifampicin resistance is a surrogate marker of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, since it reveals the presence of greater than 90% isoniazid resistance. Evidence on rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis is scarce in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of rifampicin-resistant M...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652495/quantum-photonic-network-and-physical-layer-security
#10
Masahide Sasaki, Hiroyuki Endo, Mikio Fujiwara, Mitsuo Kitamura, Toshiyuki Ito, Ryosuke Shimizu, Morio Toyoshima
Quantum communication and quantum cryptography are expected to enhance the transmission rate and the security (confidentiality of data transmission), respectively. We study a new scheme which can potentially bridge an intermediate region covered by these two schemes, which is referred to as quantum photonic network. The basic framework is information theoretically secure communications in a free space optical (FSO) wiretap channel, in which an eavesdropper has physically limited access to the main channel between the legitimate sender and receiver...
August 6, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652491/quantum-communication-with-coherent-states-of-light
#11
REVIEW
Imran Khan, Dominique Elser, Thomas Dirmeier, Christoph Marquardt, Gerd Leuchs
Quantum communication offers long-term security especially, but not only, relevant to government and industrial users. It is worth noting that, for the first time in the history of cryptographic encoding, we are currently in the situation that secure communication can be based on the fundamental laws of physics (information theoretical security) rather than on algorithmic security relying on the complexity of algorithms, which is periodically endangered as standard computer technology advances. On a fundamental level, the security of quantum key distribution (QKD) relies on the non-orthogonality of the quantum states used...
August 6, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652373/materials-and-processing-approaches-for-foundry-compatible-transient-electronics
#12
Jan-Kai Chang, Hui Fang, Christopher A Bower, Enming Song, Xinge Yu, John A Rogers
Foundry-based routes to transient silicon electronic devices have the potential to serve as the manufacturing basis for "green" electronic devices, biodegradable implants, hardware secure data storage systems, and unrecoverable remote devices. This article introduces materials and processing approaches that enable state-of-the-art silicon complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) foundries to be leveraged for high-performance, water-soluble forms of electronics. The key elements are (i) collections of biodegradable electronic materials (e...
June 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652316/the-modified-jo-burg-technique-for-securing-intercostal-chest-drains
#13
Daniel J Ablett, L Navaratne, D Chua, C G Streets, N R M Tai
Insertion of an intercostal chest drain (ICD) is a common intervention in the management of either blunt or penetrating thoracic trauma. It is frequently performed by junior medical personnel as an emergency procedure during the initial resuscitation period and often within a stressful environment. Approximately one-fifth of all ICD insertions are associated with complications. In a retrospective review of over 1000 ICD insertions, 7% of the complications observed were due to inadequate fixation, resulting in dislodgement...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651777/barriers-and-benefits-to-using-mobile-health-technology-after-operation-a-qualitative-study
#14
Jonathan S Abelson, Elinore Kaufman, Matthew Symer, Alexander Peters, Mary Charlson, Heather Yeo
BACKGROUND: Recently, mobile health technology has emerged as a promising avenue for improving physician-patient communication and patient outcomes. The objective of our study was to determine the public's perception of barriers and benefits to using mobile health technology technologies to enhance recovery after operation. METHODS: We used the Empire State Poll to ask 2 open-ended questions to 800 participants assessing their perceptions of benefits and barriers to use mobile health technology after operation...
June 23, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651765/gingival-crevicular-fluid-bone-turnover-biomarkers-how-postmenopausal-women-respond-to-orthodontic-activation
#15
Sorapan Smuthkochorn, J Martin Palomo, Mark G Hans, Corey S Jones, Leena Palomo
INTRODUCTION: Bone turnover associated with orthodontic tooth movement is evidenced by increased bone turnover markers in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). Postmenopausal women have an increased concentration of serum bone turnover markers. The filtrate of this serum makes up GCF, but little is known of the bone turnover around teeth in this cohort. The objective of this investigation was to compare the GCF bone turnover markers in premenopausal vs postmenopausal women receiving orthodontic treatment at baseline and at orthodontic activation...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651658/the-impact-of-diet-based-glycaemic-response-and-glucose-regulation-on-cognition-evidence-across-the-lifespan
#16
Sandra I Sünram-Lea, Lauren Owen
The brain has a high metabolic rate and its metabolism is almost entirely restricted to oxidative utilisation of glucose. These factors emphasise the extreme dependence of neural tissue on a stable and adequate supply of glucose. Whereas initially it was thought that only glucose deprivation (i.e. under hypoglycaemic conditions) can affect brain function, it has become apparent that low-level fluctuations in central availability can affect neural and consequently, cognitive performance. In the present paper the impact of diet-based glycaemic response and glucose regulation on cognitive processes across the lifespan will be reviewed...
June 27, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651602/rapid-sociometric-mapping-of-community-health-workers-to-identify-opinion-leaders-using-an-sms-platform-a-short-report
#17
Thomas A Odeny, Maya Petersen, Charles T Muga, Jayne Lewis-Kulzer, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Elvin H Geng
BACKGROUND: Using opinion leaders to accelerate the dissemination of evidence-based public health practices is a promising strategy for closing the gap between evidence and practice. Network interventions (using social network data to accelerate behavior change or improve organizational performance) are a promising but under-explored strategy. We aimed to use mobile phone technology to rapidly and inexpensively map a social network and identify opinion leaders among community health workers in a large HIV program in western Kenya...
June 26, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651504/critical-care-management-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-in-australia-and-new-zealand-what-are-we-doing-and-where-to-from-here
#18
Andrew A Udy, Sacha Schweikert, James Anstey, Matthew Anstey, Jeremy Cohen, Oliver Flower, Edward Saxby, Andrew van der Poll, Anthony Delaney
Patients with an aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) frequently require admission to the intensive care unit. There, a variety of therapeutic strategies are initiated, in addition to definitive procedures aimed at securing the aneurysm. Despite a substantial investment in caring for these patients, outcomes for this group remain poor. Although the severity of the initial bleed is crucial in this context, many patients undergo further deterioration in the ICU. Delayed cerebral ischaemia is a significant cause of longterm morbidity and mortality after SAH...
June 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651001/pptfdb-a-pigeonpea-transcription-factor-database-for-exploring-functional-genomics-in-legumes
#19
Akshay Singh, Ajay Kumar Sharma, Nagendra Kumar Singh, Tilak Raj Sharma
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), a diploid legume crop, is a member of the tribe Phaseoleae. This tribe is descended from the millettioid (tropical) clade of the subfamily Papilionoideae, which includes many important legume crop species such as soybean (Glycine max), mung bean (Vigna radiata), cowpea (Vigna ungiculata), and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). It plays major role in food and nutritional security, being rich source of proteins, minerals and vitamins. We have developed a comprehensive Pigeonpea Transcription Factors Database (PpTFDB) that encompasses information about 1829 putative transcription factors (TFs) and their 55 TF families...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650952/novel-patient-positioning-apparatus-for-retinal-surgery-in-a-case-of-severe-kyphosis
#20
Douglas S M Iaboni, Mark E Seamone, Mary S Stairs, Daniel M OʼBrien, M Sheldon Bisson, R Rishi Gupta
PURPOSE: To describe a novel patient positioning apparatus for intraocular surgery capable of accommodating patients with thoracic kyphosis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 60-year-old man presented with a macula-off retinal detachment and severe ankylosing spondylitis. The patient was scheduled for combined pars plana vitrectomy and scleral buckle. Because of the patient's severe kyphosis, a custom-designed positioning apparatus was built...
June 23, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
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