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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346908/different-effects-of-biochar-and-a-nitrification-inhibitor-application-on-paddy-soil-denitrification-a-field-experiment-over-two-consecutive-rice-growing-seasons
#1
Shuwei Wang, Jun Shan, Yongqiu Xia, Quan Tang, Longlong Xia, Jinghui Lin, Xiaoyuan Yan
Biochar and nitrification inhibitors are increasingly being proposed as amendments to improve nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). However, their effects on soil denitrification and the major N loss in rice paddies over an entire rice-growing season are not well understood. In this study, using intact soil core incubation combined with N2/Ar technique, the impacts of biochar and a nitrification inhibitor (Ni), 2-chloro-6-(trichloromethyl)-pyridine, on rice yield and soil denitrification, as well as ammonia (NH3) volatilization, were investigated over two rice-growing seasons in the Taihu Lake region of China...
March 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346385/intelligent-diagnosis-method-for-rotating-machinery-using-dictionary-learning-and-singular-value-decomposition
#2
Te Han, Dongxiang Jiang, Xiaochen Zhang, Yankui Sun
Rotating machinery is widely used in industrial applications. With the trend towards more precise and more critical operating conditions, mechanical failures may easily occur. Condition monitoring and fault diagnosis (CMFD) technology is an effective tool to enhance the reliability and security of rotating machinery. In this paper, an intelligent fault diagnosis method based on dictionary learning and singular value decomposition (SVD) is proposed. First, the dictionary learning scheme is capable of generating an adaptive dictionary whose atoms reveal the underlying structure of raw signals...
March 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346312/using-technology-to-enhance-discharge-teaching-and-improve-coping-for-patients-after-stroke
#3
Melissa A Schneider, Katrina A Howard
BACKGROUND: A diagnosis of stroke is a life-changing event. Effective discharge teaching after a stroke is crucial for recovery, but the overload of information can be overwhelming for patients and caregivers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in discharge readiness and postdischarge coping in patients admitted for stroke after the use of individualized postdischarge information/education provided via a technology package (including patient online portal access, e-mail/secure messaging) compared with current standard discharge teaching methods (verbal/written instructions)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346219/semiconductor-devices-for-entangled-photon-pair-generation-a-review
#4
Adeline Orieux, Marijn A M Versteegh, Klaus Jöns, Sara Ducci
Entanglement is one of the most fascinating properties of quantum mechanical systems; when two particles are entangled the measurement of the properties of one of the two allows to instantaneously know the properties of the other, whatever the distance separating them. In parallel with fundamental research on the foundations of quantum mechanics performed on complex experimental set-ups, we assist today to a bourgeoning of quantum information technologies bound to exploit entanglement for a large variety of applications such as secure communications, metrology and computation...
March 27, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346164/affiliative-interpersonal-behaviors-during-stress-are-associated-with-sleep-quality-and-presleep-arousal-in-young-healthy-adults
#5
Heather E Gunn, Kenneth L Critchfield, Julia E Mackaronis, Holly K Rau, Matthew R Cribbet, Wendy M Troxel, Paula G Williams
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between stress-related interpersonal behaviors, presleep arousal (PSA), and sleep quality. METHODS: Sixty-four participants (53% female) described a recent stressful interpersonal event that was coded for overall degree of affiliation (warmth vs hostility) and autonomy (independence vs interdependence). Cognitive and somatic PSA and sleep quality were examined using regression with affiliation and autonomy scores as predictors...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346163/sleep-and-mental-health-the-moderating-role-of-perceived-adolescent-parent-attachment
#6
Kelly M Tu, Brian T Marks, Mona El-Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated whether the effects of sleep duration and quality on adolescent adjustment were moderated by perceived attachment to mothers and fathers. DESIGN: The study used a cross-sectional design. SETTING: Participants were recruited from small town and semirural communities in Alabama. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 106 adolescents (mean age=13.61 years, SD=.73; 55% girls; 28% African American, 72% European American) and their parents...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346007/lipid-emulsion-improves-survival-in-animal-models-of-local-anesthetic-toxicity-a-meta-analysis
#7
Michael R Fettiplace, Daniel J McCabe
INTRODUCTION: The Lipid Emulsion Therapy workgroup, organized by the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, recently conducted a systematic review, which subjectively evaluated lipid emulsion as a treatment for local anesthetic toxicity. We re-extracted data and conducted a meta-analysis of survival in animal models. METHODS: We extracted survival data from 26 publications and conducted a random-effect meta-analysis based on odds ratio weighted by inverse variance...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345964/end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-as-a-prognostic-feature-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#8
Caitlin E Welch, Evan L Brittain, Alexander L Newman, Ivan M Robbins, Meredith E Pugh, John H Newman, Anna R Hemnes
RATIONALE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized in part by increased dead space ventilation, which can be estimated noninvasively at the bedside by measurement of end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2). OBJECTIVES: Prior work has demonstrated that ETCO2 is lower in PAH than control patients, but whether ETCO2 has prognostic value is unknown. We hypothesized that lower measurements of ETCO2 in patients with PAH correlate with worse long-term outcomes. METHODS: Patients with PAH seen in our referral clinic were prospectively recruited for ETCO2 measurement between September 2009 and February 2010...
March 27, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345463/computational-and-mechanistic-studies-on-the-effect-of-galactoxyloglucan-imatinib-nanoconjugate-in-imatinib-resistant-k562-cells
#9
Alphy Rose James, B S Unnikrishnan, R Priya, Manu M Joseph, T K Manojkumar, K Raveendran Pillai, R Shiji, G U Preethi, P Kusumakumary, T T Sreelekha
Imatinib mesylate, a BCR/ABL fusion protein inhibitor, is the first-line treatment against chronic myelogenous leukemia. In spite of its advantageous viewpoints, imatinib still has genuine impediments like undesirable side effects and tumor resistance during chemotherapy. Nanoparticles with sustainable release profile will help in targeted delivery of anticancer drugs while minimizing deleterious side effects and drug resistance. The use of biopolymers like galactoxyloglucan (PST001) for the fabrication of imatinib mesylate nanoparticles could impart its use in overcoming multidrug resistance in chronic myelogenous leukemia patients with minimal side effects...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345051/aflatoxin-free-transgenic-maize-using-host-induced-gene-silencing
#10
Dhiraj Thakare, Jianwei Zhang, Rod A Wing, Peter J Cotty, Monica A Schmidt
Aflatoxins, toxic secondary metabolites produced by some Aspergillus species, are a universal agricultural economic problem and a critical health issue. Despite decades of control efforts, aflatoxin contamination is responsible for a global loss of millions of tons of crops each year. We show that host-induced gene silencing is an effective method for eliminating this toxin in transgenic maize. We transformed maize plants with a kernel-specific RNA interference (RNAi) gene cassette targeting the aflC gene, which encodes an enzyme in the Aspergillus aflatoxin biosynthetic pathway...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344842/effectiveness-of-direct-safety-regulations-on-manufacturers-and-users-of-industrial-machines-its-implications-on-industrial-safety-policies-in-republic-of-korea
#11
Gi Heung Choi
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable efforts made in recent years, the industrial accident rate and the fatality rate in the Republic of Korea are much higher than those in most developed countries in Europe and North America. Industrial safety policies and safety regulations are also known to be ineffective and inefficient in some cases. METHODS: This study focuses on the quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of direct safety regulations such as safety certification, self-declaration of conformity, and safety inspection of industrial machines in the Republic of Korea...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344545/music-improves-subjective-feelings-leading-to-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-modulation-a-pilot-study
#12
Satoshi Kume, Yukako Nishimura, Kei Mizuno, Nae Sakimoto, Hiroshi Hori, Yasuhisa Tamura, Masanori Yamato, Rika Mitsuhashi, Keigo Akiba, Jun-Ichi Koizumi, Yasuyoshi Watanabe, Yosky Kataoka
It is widely accepted that listening to music improves subjective feelings and reduces fatigue sensations, and different kinds of music lead to different activations of these feelings. Recently, cardiac autonomic nervous modulation has been proposed as a useful objective indicator of fatigue. However, scientific considerations of the relation between feelings of fatigue and cardiac autonomic nervous modulation while listening to music are still lacking. In this study, we examined which subjective feelings of fatigue are related to participants' cardiac autonomic nervous function while they listen to music...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344359/privacy-and-security-in-mobile-health-a-research-agenda
#13
David Kotz, Carl A Gunter, Santosh Kumar, Jonathan P Weiner
Mobile health technology has great potential to increase healthcare quality, expand access to services, reduce costs, and improve personal wellness and public health. However, mHealth also raises significant privacy and security challenges.
June 2016: Computer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344196/design-of-the-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-australasia-network-registry-creating-opportunities-for-greater-international-collaboration
#14
Matthew I Bellgard, Caroline E Walker, Kathryn R Napier, Leanne Lamont, Adam A Hunter, Lee Render, Maciej Radochonski, Jing Pang, Annette Pedrotti, David R Sullivan, Karam Kostner, Warrick Bishop, Peter M George, Richard C O'Brien, Peter M Clifton, Frank M Van Bockxmeer, Stephen J Nicholls, Ian Hamilton-Craig, Hugh Js Dawkins, Gerald F Watts
Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most common and serious monogenic disorder of lipoprotein metabolism that leads to premature coronary heart disease. There are over 65,000 people estimated to have FH in Australia, but many remain undiagnosed. Patients with FH are often under-treated, but with early detection, cascade family testing and adequate treatment, patient outcomes can improve. Patient registries are key tools for providing new information on FH and enhancing care worldwide. The development and design of the FH Australasia Network Registry is a crucial component in the comprehensive model of care for FH, which aims to provide a standardized, high-quality and cost-effective system of care that is likely to have the highest impact on patient outcomes...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343648/women-s-experiences-of-undergoing-total-knee-joint-replacement-surgery
#15
Åsa Engström, Jonas Boström, Ann-Christin Karlsson
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to describe women's experiences of undergoing total knee joint replacement surgery. DESIGN: A qualitative approach was used. METHOD: A content analysis of the text from interviews with five women was conducted. FINDINGS: The time before surgery was marked by the experience of constant pain, which affected the women negatively in their everyday lives. During surgery, the information provided by the staff gave each woman a sense of security; the women handed over responsibility to the staff and experienced a sensation of relief...
April 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343404/emerging-from-the-database-shadows-characterizing-undocumented-immigrants-in-a-large-cohort-of-hiv-infected-persons
#16
Jonathan Ross, David B Hanna, Uriel R Felsen, Chinazo O Cunningham, Viraj V Patel
Little is known about how HIV affects undocumented immigrants despite social and structural factors that may place them at risk of poor HIV outcomes. Our understanding of the clinical epidemiology of HIV-infected undocumented immigrants is limited by the challenges of determining undocumented immigration status in large data sets. We developed an algorithm to predict undocumented status using social security number (SSN) and insurance data. We retrospectively applied this algorithm to a cohort of HIV-infected adults receiving care at a large urban healthcare system who attended at least one HIV-related outpatient visit from 1997 to 2013, classifying patients as "screened undocumented" or "documented"...
March 27, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343207/-liability-for-damages-resulting-from-hospital-falls
#17
Anita Gałęska-Śliwka, Marcin Śliwka
The aim of the work is to analyze the conditions for liability of medical institutions for damages resulting from hospital fails. The study identifies achievements of polish jurisprudence. The authors also pointed to factors specific for claims of this type. The paper discusses: legal consequences of failure to provide security of patient stay and the responsibilities of hospitals in relation to patients especially vulnerable to falls. It also analyzes the problems faced by patients claiming compensation for damages resulting from such events: constraints of the evidence in establishing the conditions for liability, the argument unpredictability of event and the detrimental impact of the actions taken in the hospital to reduce the risk of falling...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343204/-risk-management-of-hospital-infections-as-a-supporting-tool-for-the-improvement-of-hospital-quality-some-european-examples
#18
Mateusz Sitek, Izabela Witczak, Dorota Kiedik
Prevention and control of nosocomial infections is one of the main pillars of security in each medical facility. This affects the quality of services and helps to minimize the economic losses incurred as a result of such infections. (Prolonged hospitalization, expensive antibiotic therapies, court costs of damages). Nosocomial infections occur in every medical facility in the hospitals in terms of risk of infection compared to other medicinal entities are at greater risk of environmental (number of hospitalizations for one bed, the amount of disinfectants, etc...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342617/a-study-of-stigma-among-iranian-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-descriptive-explorative-qualitative-study
#19
Reza Masoudi, Fereydoon Khayeri, Leili Rabiei, Kourosh Zarea
AIM: This study was done to investigate the experiences of family caregivers of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) about stigmatization in Iranian health care context. BACKGROUND: Stigmatization has been observed obviously among patients with MS but few studies have been conducted on stigma among the family caregivers of these patients. METHODS: This qualitative study with thematic analysis was done to explore this issue. Fourteen family caregivers of patients with MS were selected by purposive sampling...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342025/social-media-physicians-to-physicians-education-and-communication
#20
EDITORIAL
Keith A Fehring, Ivan De Martino, Alexander S McLawhorn, Peter K Sculco
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Physician to physician communication is essential for the transfer of ideas, surgical experience, and education. Social networks and online video educational contents have grown exponentially in recent years changing the interaction among physicians. RECENT FINDINGS: Social media platforms can improve physician-to-physician communication mostly through video education and social networking. There are several online video platforms for orthopedic surgery with educational content on diagnosis, treatment, outcomes, and surgical technique...
March 24, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
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