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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551485/spontaneous-submental-hematoma-a-pseudo-ludwig-s-phenomenon-in-101-year-old-patient-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Uthman Alamoudi, Yasser Alsallumi, Matthew H Rigby, S Mark Taylor, Jonathan R B Trites, Robert D Hart
OBJECTIVE: Submental hematoma or pseudo-Ludwig's phenomenon, is a rare entity seen in anticoagulated patients and can precipitate upper airway obstruction. Our objective is to present a rare case of spontaneous submental hematoma due to poorly controlled hypertension in elderly patient and to perform a literature review. CASE REPORT: 101-year-old female presented to emergency room with sudden painful swelling in the floor of mouth and slurred speech. Not on anticoagulation and no history of trauma or known allergies...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551187/gait-of-dairy-cows-on-floors-with-different-slipperiness
#2
E Telezhenko, M Magnusson, C Bergsten
This study assessed the slip resistance of different types of solid flooring in cattle housing using a range of technical tests and gait analysis. Dynamic and static coefficient of friction, skid resistance, and abrasiveness were tested on concrete flooring with a smooth finish, a grooved pattern, or a tamped pattern, acid-resistant mastic asphalt, soft rubber mats, and a worn slatted concrete floor. Coefficients of friction and skid resistance were tested under clean and slurry-soiled conditions. Linear kinematic variables were assessed in 40 cows with trackway measurements after the cows passed over the floors in a straight walk...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551165/securing-extraocular-muscles-in-strabismus-surgery-how-strong-is-the-sclera
#3
Steven E Brooks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551005/electronic-health-record-use-in-an-affluent-region-in-india-findings-from-a-survey-of-chandigarh-hospitals
#4
Adam C Powell, Jasmine K Ludhar, Yuri Ostrovsky
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the electronic health record (EHR) systems in use in an affluent region of India in order to understand the state-of-the-art within the Indian market. METHODS: A survey on EHR features was created by combining an instrument developed by the Organisation for International Cooperation and Development and an instrument developed by an American team of researchers. An interviewer directly administered the survey to leaders from hospitals in greater Chandigarh which possessed electronic health information systems...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550526/fetoscopic-patch-coverage-of-experimental-myelomenigocele-using-a-two-port-access-in-fetal-sheep
#5
Lucie Guilbaud, Nathalie Roux, Stéphanie Friszer, Charles Garabedian, Ferdinand Dhombres, Bettina Bessières, Catherine Fallet-Bianco, Federico Di Rocco, Michel Zerah, Jean-Marie Jouannic
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the feasibility and the effectiveness of a fetoscopic myelomeningocele (MMC) coverage using a sealed inert patch through a two-port access, in the sheep model. METHODS: Forty-four fetuses underwent surgical creation of a MMC defect at day 75 and were divided into four groups according to the MMC repair technique, performed at day 90. Group 1 remained untreated. Group 2 had an open surgery using suture of the defect. Groups 3 and 4 underwent defect coverage using a Gore®-polytetrafluoroethylene patch secured with surgical adhesive (Bioglue®), with an open approach (group 3) and a fetoscopic one (group 4)...
May 26, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550503/secure-data-aggregation-in-wireless-sensor-network-fujisaki-okamoto-fo-authentication-scheme-against-sybil-attack
#6
K Nirmal Raja, M Maraline Beno
In the wireless sensor network(WSN) security is a major issue. There are several network security schemes proposed in research. In the network, malicious nodes obstruct the performance of the network. The network can be vulnerable by Sybil attack. When a node illicitly assertions multiple identities or claims fake IDs, the WSN grieves from an attack named Sybil attack. This attack threatens wireless sensor network in data aggregation, synchronizing system, routing, fair resource allocation and misbehavior detection...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550008/prioritizing-measures-of-digital-patient-engagement-a-delphi-expert-panel-study
#7
Lynn A Garvin, Steven R Simon
BACKGROUND: Establishing a validated scale of patient engagement through use of information technology (ie, digital patient engagement) is the first step to understanding its role in health and health care quality, outcomes, and efficient implementation by health care providers and systems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and prioritize measures of digital patient engagement based on patients' use of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)'s MyHealtheVet (MHV) portal, focusing on the MHV/Blue Button and Secure Messaging functions...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550005/perceptions-of-patient-engagement-applications-during-pregnancy-a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-patient-s-perspective
#8
Maren Goetz, Mitho Müller, Lina Maria Matthies, Jenny Hansen, Anne Doster, Akos Szabo, Jan Pauluschke-Fröhlich, Harald Abele, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Stephanie Wallwiener
BACKGROUND: With growing demand for medical information and health applications in pregnancy, the potential of electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) solutions in clinical care is increasingly unfolding. However, we still do not know how pregnant women engage with mobile apps, how such apps impact routine medical care, and whether benefit expectations are met. Whereas recent research has raised the subject of user distribution and analyzed the content of pregnancy applications, there is still a significant knowledge gap regarding what pregnant women like and dislike about pregnancy tools, along with how such interventions could be improved...
May 26, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549397/assessment-of-distal-radioulnar-joint-stability-after-reconstruction-with-the-brachioradialis-wrap
#9
Charity S Burke, Keith A Zoeller, Seid W Waddell, John A Nyland, Michael J Voor, Amitava Gupta
BACKGROUND: The brachioradialis (BR) wrap technique is an option to restore the stability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). The technique capitalizes on the BR's advantageous insertion point on the radial styloid and the ability of the BR to be harvested with minimal to no deficit. The tendon can then be wrapped around the radius and ulna, tunneling under the pronator quadratus and extensor compartments and secured back into its insertion to provide stability. In this cadaveric study, we used micro-computed tomography (CT) to assess the stability restored by this procedure...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549369/safety-analysis-of-occupational-exposure-of-healthcare-workers-to-residual-contaminations-of-cytotoxic-drugs-using-fmeca-security-approach
#10
Laetitia Minh Mai Le, Delphine Reitter, Sophie He, Franck Té Bonle, Amélie Launois, Diane Martinez, Patrice Prognon, Eric Caudron
Handling cytotoxic drugs is associated with chemical contamination of workplace surfaces. The potential mutagenic, teratogenic and oncogenic properties of those drugs create a risk of occupational exposure for healthcare workers, from reception of starting materials to the preparation and administration of cytotoxic therapies. The Security Failure Mode Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA) was used as a proactive method to assess the risks involved in the chemotherapy compounding process. FMECA was carried out by a multidisciplinary team from 2011 to 2016...
May 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548927/the-impact-of-delayed-commencement-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-eight-or-more-weeks-on-survival-in-stage-ii-and-iii-colon-cancer-a-national-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Young Wan Kim, Eun Hee Choi, Bo Ra Kim, Woo-Ah Ko, Yeong-Mee Do, Ik Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: To examine the impact of chemotherapy delay on survival in patients with stage II or III colon cancer and the factors associated with the delay (≥8 weeks) of adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients undergoing curative resection and adjuvant chemotherapy in a national population-based cohort were included. RESULTS: Among 5355 patients, 154 (2.9%) received chemotherapy more than 8 weeks after surgery. Based on a multivariate analysis, the risk factors associated with chemotherapy delay ≥8 weeks were older age [65 to 74 years (hazard ratio [HR]=1...
May 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548093/all-pure-bipartite-entangled-states-can-be-self-tested
#12
Andrea Coladangelo, Koon Tong Goh, Valerio Scarani
Quantum technologies promise advantages over their classical counterparts in the fields of computation, security and sensing. It is thus desirable that classical users are able to obtain guarantees on quantum devices, even without any knowledge of their inner workings. That such classical certification is possible at all is remarkable: it is a consequence of the violation of Bell inequalities by entangled quantum systems. Device-independent self-testing refers to the most complete such certification: it enables a classical user to uniquely identify the quantum state shared by uncharacterized devices by simply inspecting the correlations of measurement outcomes...
May 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547850/detection-of-contact-traces-of-powdery-substances
#13
Wojciech Pawłowski, Łukasz Matyjasek, Monika Karpińska
The current practice in securing the contact traces of chemical substances taken from clothes belonging to a person suspected of manual handling explosives is focused on pockets and cuffs. The outerwear worn by people who had contact with fluorescent powders that simulate explosives and drugs was the subject of this study. Clothes were first exposed to the test substance for a period of time and then analyzed by fluorescence methods to determine the location of the highest quantity of traces. The results obtained from the study confirm that the areas with the highest concentration of powdery traces are different from those suggested by current forensic practice...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547568/biofertilizers-and-sustainable-agriculture-exploring-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi
#14
REVIEW
Nicholas O Igiehon, Olubukola O Babalola
Worldwide agricultural food production has to double in 2050 so as to feed the global increasing population while reducing dependency on conventional chemical fertilizers plus pesticides. To accomplish this objective, there is the need to explore the several mutualistic interactions between plant roots and rhizosphere microbiome. Biofertilization is the process of boosting the abundance of microorganisms such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in the natural plant rhizosphere which depicts a beneficial alternative to chemical fertilization practices...
May 25, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547116/groove-binding-of-vanillin-and-ethyl-vanillin-to-calf-thymus-dna
#15
Kaixin Xia, Guowen Zhang, Song Li, Deming Gong
Vanillin (VAN) and ethyl vanillin (EVA) are widely used food additives as flavor enhancers, but may have a potential security risk. In this study, the properties of binding of VAN or EVA with calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) were characterized by multi-spectroscopic methods, multivariate curve resolution-alternating least-squares (MCR-ALS) algorithm and molecular simulation. The concentration profiles for the components (VAN or EVA, ctDNA and VAN-ctDNA or EVA-ctDNA complex) by the MCR-ALS analysis showed that VAN or EVA interacted with ctDNA and formed VAN-ctDNA or EVA-ctDNA complex...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546974/predicting-body-mass-index-in-women-the-value-of-the-psychological-components-of-depression-anxiety-dietary-restraint-and-nutritional-habits
#16
Behnaz Nikkar Esfahani, Majid Kolahdouzan, Abdulaziz Aflakseir, Mojgan Gharipour
BACKGROUND: Understanding the association between psychological affective disturbances and anthropometric parameters, including body mass index (BMI), is important. These issues may have potential preventive effects on weight reduction in relation to different aspects of women's lifestyles and psychopathological states. The present study aimed to predict BMI based on psychological factors including; depression, anxiety, dietary restraint, and nutritional habits, in a sample of women with sedentary jobs in several Iranian governmental organizations...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546972/the-survey-of-mindfulness-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-and-its-association-with-attachment-style
#17
Soheila Mohamadirizi, Vahid Shaygannejad, Shahla Mohamadirizi
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness may be conceptualized as a dispositional trait which differs across individuals, so this study was, therefore, designed to determine the survey of mindfulness in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and its association with attachment style. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study which was conducted in Kashani Hospital affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2013. Samples were 210 adult patients who suffered from MS completed demographic and disease characteristics questionnaire, Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire and adult attachment style...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545539/the-role-of-nature-in-cancer-patients-lives-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#18
Sarah Blaschke
BACKGROUND: A systematic review and meta-synthesis was conducted to identify, compare and synthesize the published qualitative literature contributing to our understanding of the role of nature in cancer patients' lives. METHOD: An electronic search of Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Cochrane Databases was conducted to identify qualitative studies focused on cancer patients' nature experiences published between January 1985 and May 2015. Records were assessed according to pre-defined inclusion criteria...
May 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545537/efficacy-of-prophylactic-splenectomy-for-proximal-advanced-gastric-cancer-invading-greater-curvature
#19
Yu Ohkura, Shusuke Haruta, Junichi Shindoh, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Masaki Ueno, Harushi Udagawa
BACKGROUND: For proximal gastric cancer invading the greater curvature, concomitant splenectomy is frequently performed to secure the clearance of lymph node metastases. However, prognostic impact of prophylactic splenectomy remains unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the oncological significance of prophylactic splenectomy for advanced proximal gastric cancer invading the greater curvature. METHODS: Retrospective review of 108 patients who underwent total or subtotal gastrectomy for advanced proximal gastric cancer involving the greater curvature was performed...
May 25, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545519/staff-s-normative-attitudes-towards-coercion-the-role-of-moral-doubt-and-professional-context-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#20
Bert Molewijk, Almar Kok, Tonje Husum, Reidar Pedersen, Olaf Aasland
BACKGROUND: The use of coercion is morally problematic and requires an ongoing critical reflection. We wondered if not knowing or being uncertain whether coercion is morally right or justified (i.e. experiencing moral doubt) is related to professionals' normative attitudes regarding the use of coercion. METHODS: This paper describes an explorative statistical analysis based on a cross-sectional survey across seven wards in three Norwegian mental health care institutions...
May 25, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
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