keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Review article

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102972/evaluating-the-clinical-copd-questionnaire-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Zijing Zhou, Aiyuan Zhou, Yiyang Zhao, Ping Chen
The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) is recommended by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) to evaluate health status in patients with COPD. The objective of this work was to systemically assess the reliability, validity, responsiveness and minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of the CCQ. A structured search was conducted in three databases to identify articles that evaluated the psychometric properties of the CCQ in individuals with COPD. Two investigators screened the title, abstract and full text of the articles to determine study eligibility and performed the data extraction...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102971/how-is-physical-activity-measured-in-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-outcome-measures-and-their-psychometric-properties
#2
REVIEW
Lara Edbrooke, Linda Denehy, Selina M Parry, Ronan Astin, Sandy Jack, Catherine L Granger
Physical activity (PA) levels are low in patients with lung cancer. Emerging evidence supports the use of interventions to increase PA in this population. We aimed to (1) identify and synthesize outcome measures which assess PA levels in patients with lung cancer and (2) to evaluate, synthesize and compare the psychometric properties of these measures. A systematic review of articles from searches was conducted of five electronic databases and personal records. Eligible studies were those which assessed PA using either performance-based or patient-reported measures...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102939/what-is-the-relationship-between-increased-access-to-haart-relationship-status-and-fertility-decisions-amongst-hiv-positive-women-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Abigail Burgess, Edward Purssell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between fertility decisions, to have already had a child or to desire to have one in the future, and the prognostic factors of; access to antiretrovirals, the time since these became widely available (year of the study) and relationship status. BACKGROUND: There have been significant advances in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) with the advent of antiretroviral therapy which has been used to successfully reduce the rate of mother to child transmission; leading researchers to hypothesise that HIV positive women may desire to have children more so now than in the past...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102935/ectopic-cushing-syndrome-in-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Hang-Yu Zhang, Jun Zhao
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a neuroendocrine tumor with the potential to secrete various peptides or hormones that can lead to paraneoplastic syndromes, such as Ectopic Cushing syndrome (ECS). Because of the aggressive nature of the syndrome and its atypical features, ECS in small-cell lung cancer is difficult to diagnose and has a poor prognosis. We report a case of a 74-year-old male patient who presented with severe hypokalemia, proximal muscle weakness, peripheral edema, metabolic alkalosis, and worsening hyperglycemia...
November 8, 2016: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102927/complex-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-in-the-setting-of-active-infection-and-contamination-a-systematic-review-of-hernia-and-fistula-recurrence-rates
#5
REVIEW
Jonathan D Hodgkinson, Yasuko Maeda, Cosimo A Leo, Janindra Warusavitarne, Carolynne J Vaizey
INTRODUCTION: Minimal evidence exists to guide the surgeon on the risk of complications when performing abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR) in the presence of active infection, contamination or enterocutaneous fistula. This study aims to establish the outcomes of contaminated complex AWR. METHODS: Analysis was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Pubmed databases was performed. Studies reporting exclusively on single-staged repair of contaminated complex AWR were included...
January 19, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102917/sexual-violence-in-the-college-population-a-systematic-review-of-disclosure-and-campus-resources-and-services
#6
REVIEW
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To synthesize research examining college student sexual violence disclosure and campus sexual violence resources and services. BACKGROUND: Recently, the issue of sexual violence within the college population has garnered attention worldwide. The prevalence of sexual violence within college students is alarmingly high. Survivors often experience negative outcomes (e.g., health-related consequences, impact on education). Efforts have been made to address this significant public health concern...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102902/cover-image-volume-232-number-5-may-2017
#7
Toshiaki Tanaka, Kaoru Goto, Mitsuyoshi Iino
Cover: The cover image, by Toshiaki Tanaka, Kaoru Goto, and Mitsuyoshi Iino, is based on the Review Article Diverse Functions and Signal Transduction of the Exocyst Complex in Tumor Cells, DOI 10.1002/jcp.25619.
May 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102893/the-evolving-health-policy-landscape-and-suggested-geriatric-tenets-to-guide-future-responses
#8
Robert L Kane, Debra Saliba, Peter Hollmann
Speculation is rampant about what the new leadership in the White House and continued Republican leadership of both houses of Congress will do about health care. The concordance in party affiliation between President Trump and the congressional majority makes revisions in policy that is relevant to the health of older adults a virtual certainty. Past Republican legislative proposals and the current appointments to lead Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) presage several potential areas of change...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102879/the-conservative-and-pharmacological-management-of-chronic-subdural-haematoma
#9
Jehuda Soleman, Fabio Noccera, Luigi Mariani
Chronic subdural haematoma (cSDH), one of the most common neurosurgical entities, occurs typically in elderly patients. The incidence is expected to double by the year 2030, owing to the continuous aging of the population. Surgery is usually the treatment of choice, but conservative treatment may be a good alternative in some situations. We provide a systematic review of studies analysing the conservative treatment options and the natural history of cSDH. Of 231 articles screened, 35 were included in this systematic review...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102739/perceptions-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults-a-scoping-review
#10
Katie Mah, Andrea Hickling, Nick Reed
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to synthesise the scholarly literature related to perceptions of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and health outcomes in an adult population. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken. An electronic search of seven databases was conducted. Studies were included if (1) they related to perceptions of mild traumatic brain injury, (2) the population was adults with mild traumatic brain injury, and (3) health outcomes were reported...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102695/application-of-modified-atmosphere-packaging-on-aquacultured-fish-and-fish-products-a-review
#11
Achilleas D Bouletis, Ioannis S Arvanitoyannis, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
Aquaculture industry has undergone a rapid and continuous growth during the last decade due to increased demands in seafood consumption and reduced pelagic fish production. Aquaculture sector can provide products with a consistent flow and quality standards to cover the market's needs. Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) technique has evolved over the last two decades and many reports indicate its beneficial effect on many quality parameters during fish and shellfish preservation. The use of MAP can clearly offer an advantage to the safer distribution of quality aqua cultured fishery products...
January 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102610/outcomes-of-hiv-positive-patients-lost-to-follow-up-in-african-treatment-programs
#12
REVIEW
Kathrin Zürcher, Anne Mooser, Nanina Anderegg, Olga Tymejczyk, Margaret J Couvillon, Denis Nash, Matthias Egger
OBJECTIVE: The retention of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is key to achieving global targets in response to the HIV epidemic. Loss to follow-up (LTFU) can be substantial, with unknown outcomes for patients lost to ART programs. We examined changes in outcomes of patients LTFU over calendar time, assessed associations with other studies and program characteristics, and investigated the relative success of different tracing methods. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and logistic random-effects meta-regression analysis of studies that traced adults or children who started ART and were LTFU in sub-Saharan African treatment programs...
January 19, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102563/multiscale-modeling-methods-in-biomechanics
#13
REVIEW
Pinaki Bhattacharya, Marco Viceconti
More and more frequently, computational biomechanics deals with problems where the portion of physical reality to be modeled spans over such a large range of spatial and temporal dimensions, that it is impossible to represent it as a single space-time continuum. We are forced to consider multiple space-time continua, each representing the phenomenon of interest at a characteristic space-time scale. Multiscale models describe a complex process across multiple scales, and account for how quantities transform as we move from one scale to another...
January 19, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102546/ataluren-and-similar-compounds-specific-therapies-for-premature-termination-codon-class-i-mutations-for-cystic-fibrosis
#14
REVIEW
Aisha A Aslam, Colin Higgins, Ian P Sinha, Kevin W Southern
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a common life-shortening genetic disorder in the Caucasian population (less common in other ethnic groups) caused by the mutation of a single gene that codes for the production of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein. This protein coordinates the transport of salt (and bicarbonate) across cell surfaces and the mutation most notably affects the airways. In the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis, defective protein results in a dehydrated surface liquid and compromised mucociliary clearance...
January 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102541/tgf-%C3%AE-regulation-of-encephalitogenic-and-regulatory-t-cells-in-multiple-sclerosis
#15
REVIEW
Priscilla W Lee, Mary E Severin, Amy E Lovett-Racke
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) is a pleiotropic cytokine that has been shown to influence the differentiation and function of T cells. The role that TGF-β plays in immune-mediated disease, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), has become a major area of investigation since CD4(+) T cells appear to be a major mediator of autoimmunity. This review provides an analysis of the literature on the role that TGF-β plays in the generation and regulation of encephalitogenic and regulatory T cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS, as well as in T cells of MS patients...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102535/circus-disaster-case-report-response-and-review-of-injuries
#16
Nicholas Asselin, Lawrence Proano, Kenneth Williams, Robert Partridge
Circus acts with human artists performing acrobatic feats are a popular spectator pastime in the United States and in international venues. There is little data in the literature regarding injuries sustained during circus acts. Some injuries are minor, but others can be serious, or even fatal. This article describes a recent circus disaster, a review of the relevant literature, and an analysis of the disaster response.
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102055/role-of-regulatory-cells-in-oral-tolerance
#17
REVIEW
Marcin Wawrzyniak, Liam O'Mahony, Mübeccel Akdis
The immune system is continuously exposed to great amounts of different antigens from both food and intestinal microbes. Immune tolerance to these antigens is very important for intestinal and systemic immune homeostasis. Oral tolerance is a specific type of peripheral tolerance induced by exposure to antigen via the oral route. Investigations on the role of intestinal immune system in preventing hypersensitivity reactions to innocuous dietary and microbial antigens have been intensively performed during the last 2 decades...
March 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102020/families-experiences-of-involvement-in-care-planning-in-mental-health-services-an-integrative-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Owen Doody, Mary Pat Butler, Rosemary Lyons, Daniel Newman
INTRODUCTION: Mental health service policy stipulates that family carers be involved in care planning. AIM: To identify families experiences of care planning involvement in adult mental health services. METHOD: An integrative review where electronic databases and grey literature were searched for papers published between 01 Jan 2005 and 10 February 2016. RESULTS: Fifteen papers met the inclusion criteria. Thematic analysis generated three themes: (1)families experience of collaboration, (2)families perceptions of professionals and (3)families impressions of the care planning process...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101972/an-evaluation-of-the-quality-of-evidence-available-to-inform-current-bone-conduction-hearing-device-national-policy
#19
Rishi Mandavia, Alex Carter, Nadine Haram, Elias Mossialos, Anne Gm Schilder
OBJECTIVES: In 2016 NHS England published the commissioning policy on Bone Conducting Hearing Devices (BCHDs). This policy was informed by updated evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of BCHDs as well as by the 2013 Bone Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA) policy. Commissioning policies set the criteria for service delivery and therefore have a major impact on the care received by patients. It is important that stakeholders have a good appreciation of the available evidence informing policy, since this will promote engagement both with the policy as well as with future research leading on from the policy...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101954/task-sharing-with-nurses-to-enhance-access-to-hiv-treatment-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#20
Margaret L McNairy, Jules B Bashi, Hannah Chung, Louise Wemin, Marie-Nicole Akpro Lorng, Hermann Brou, Cyprien Nioble, A Lokossué, Kouame Abo, Delphine Achi, Kiyali Ouattara, Daniel Sess, Pongathie Adama Sanogo, Alexandre Ekra, Virginie Ettiegne-Traore, Conombo J Diabate, Elaine J Abrams, Wafaa M El-Sadr
OBJECTIVE: We report the first national program in Côte d'Ivoire to evaluate the feasibility of nurse-led HIV care as a model of task-sharing with nurses to increase coverage and decentralization of HIV services. METHODS: Twenty-six public HIV facilities implemented either a nurse-with-onsite-physician or a nurse-with-visiting-physician model of HIV task-sharing. Routinely collected patient data were reviewed to analyze patient characteristics of those enrolling in care and initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
January 18, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
keyword
keyword
2125
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"