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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550785/gender-gaps-and-glass-ceilings-a-survey-of-gender-specific-publication-trends-in-psychiatry-between-1994-and-2014
#1
S Süßenbacher, M Amering, A Gmeiner, B Schrank
BACKGROUND: Within academic psychiatry, women are underrepresented in the higher academic ranks. However, basic determinants of women's lack of academic advancement such as publication activity are poorly understood. The present study examines women's publication activity in high-impact psychiatry journals over two decades and reports developments in the numbers of male and female authorship over time and across cultural areas. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective bibliometric review of all articles published in 2004 and 2014 in three high-ranking general psychiatry journals...
April 6, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550770/laparoscopic-versus-open-radical-nephrectomy-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Gang Liu, Yulei Ma, Shouhua Wang, Xiancheng Han, Dianjun Gao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to summarize and quantify the current evidence on the therapeutic efficacy of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) compared with open radical nephrectomy (ORN) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in a meta-analysis. METHODS: Data were collected by searching Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect for reports published up to September 26, 2016. Studies that reported data on comparisons of therapeutic efficacy of LRN and ORN were included...
May 24, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550764/mechanical-properties-of-crossed-lamellar-structures-in-biological-shells-a-review
#3
REVIEW
X W Li, H M Ji, W Yang, G P Zhang, D L Chen
The self-fabrication of materials in nature offers an alternate and powerful solution towards the grand challenge of designing advanced structural materials, where strength and toughness are always mutually exclusive. Crossed-lamellar structures are the most common microstructures in mollusks that are composed of aragonites and a small amount of organic materials. Such a distinctive composite structure has a fracture toughness being much higher than that of pure carbonate mineral. These structures exhibiting complex hierarchical microarchitectures that span several sub-level lamellae from microscale down to nanoscale, can be grouped into two types, i...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550713/state-of-the-art-on-oocyte-cryopreservation-in-female-cancer-patients-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Claudia Massarotti, Paola Scaruffi, Matteo Lambertini, Valentino Remorgida, Lucia Del Mastro, Paola Anserini
During the last decades, important advances in therapeutic options have led to increased survival rates in cancer patients; however, cancer treatments are associated with several potential adverse effects including infertility in those diagnosed during their reproductive years. A proper discussion about fertility preservation options before the use of therapies with potential gonadotoxicity (i.e. oncofertility counseling) is standard of care and should be offered to all patients of childbearing age. Temporary ovarian suppression with LH-RH analogs, oocyte and embryo cryopreservation are standard strategies for fertility preservation in female cancer patients...
May 9, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550637/breaking-bad-the-structure-and-function-of-the-blood-brain-barrier-in-epilepsy
#5
Hadas Han, Aniv Mann, Dana Ekstein, Sara Eyal
Epilepsy is a neurological disease with variable etiology and clinical manifestation, affecting more than 50 million people worldwide. Although the ultimate precipitators of seizures are neurons, it is becoming evident that epileptic activity is associated with changes in the function of other cell types, including those consisting the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and regulating its permeability. The interrelationships between impaired BBB function and epilepsy are complex, as BBB dysfunction may both lead to seizures and be induced by epileptic activity...
May 26, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550009/digital-support-interventions-for-the-self-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#6
Barbara I Nicholl, Louise F Sandal, Mette J Stochkendahl, Marianne McCallum, Nithya Suresh, Ottar Vasseljen, Jan Hartvigsen, Paul J Mork, Per Kjaer, Karen Søgaard, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability and is ranked as the most burdensome health condition globally. Self-management, including components on increased knowledge, monitoring of symptoms, and physical activity, are consistently recommended in clinical guidelines as cost-effective strategies for LBP management and there is increasing interest in the potential role of digital health. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to synthesize and critically appraise published evidence concerning the use of interactive digital interventions to support self-management of LBP...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549854/an-empirical-review-of-antimalarial-quality-field-surveys-the-importance-of-characterising-outcomes
#7
REVIEW
James Grech, James Robertson, Jackson Thomas, Gabrielle Cooper, Mark Naunton, Tamsin Kelly
For decades, thousands of people have been dying from malaria infections because of poor-quality medicines (PQMs). While numerous efforts have been initiated to reduce their presence, PQMs are still risking the lives of those seeking treatment. This review addresses the importance of characterising results of antimalarial medicine field surveys based upon the agreement of clearly defined definitions. Medicines found to be of poor quality can be falsified or counterfeit, substandard or degraded. The distinction between these categories is important as each category requires a different countermeasure...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549846/physical-activity-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Myra B McGuinness, Jerome Le, Paul Mitchell, Bamini Gopinath, Ester Cerin, Nicole T M Saksens, Tina Schick, Carel B Hoyng, Robyn H Guymer, Robert P Finger
PURPOSE: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the main cause of irreversible severe vision loss in developed countries. It has been suggested that a healthy lifestyle may assist in delaying the onset and progression of AMD, however evidence for an association between physical activity and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) remains inconclusive. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis METHODS: Medline, EMBASE and Google Scholar were systematically searched for studies up to May 2015...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549789/systematic-approaches-to-adverse-events-in-obstetrics-part-i-event-identification-and-classification
#9
Christian M Pettker
Despite our best intentions to improve health when a patient presents for care, adverse events are ubiquitous in medical practice today. Known complications related to the course of a patient's illness or condition or to the characteristics of the treatment have been an openly stated part of taking care of patients for centuries. However, it is only in the past decade that preventable adverse events, instances of harm related to error and deviations in accepted practice have become a primary part of these conversations...
May 23, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549757/mobile-phone-applications-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#10
M Linares-Del Rey, L Vela-Desojo, R Cano-de la Cuerda
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease. However, diagnosing, assessing, and treating these patients is a complex process requiring continuous monitoring. In this context, smartphones may be useful in the management of patients with PD. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to perform a systematic review of the literature addressing the use of mobile phone applications (apps) in PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a literature search of articles published in English or Spanish between 2011 and 2016 analysing or validating apps specifically designed for or useful in PD...
May 23, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549737/organizational-intellectual-capital-and-the-role-of-the-nurse-manager-a-proposed-conceptual-model
#11
Jason H Gilbert, Diane Von Ah, Marion E Broome
BACKGROUND: Nurse managers must leverage both the human capital and social capital of the teams they lead in order to produce quality outcomes. Little is known about the relationship between human capital and social capital and how these concepts may work together to produce organizational outcomes through leadership of nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to explore the concepts of human capital and social capital as they relate to nursing leadership in health care organizations...
April 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549608/current-challenges-with-proximal-hypospadias-we-have-a-long-way-to-go
#12
REVIEW
Edward M Gong, Earl Y Cheng
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Proximal hypospadias repair has continued to challenge the pediatric urologist despite great efforts to develop better techniques for repair. METHODS: In this article, we review the literature regarding modern proximal hypospadias repair approaches and outcomes. We also present our current approach to proximal hypospadias repair surgery and outcome tracking. Finally, we review the literature on surgical outcome tools that may help us standardize research...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549391/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-therapy-for-post-stroke-non-fluent-aphasia-a-critical-review
#13
Arunima Kapoor
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for post-stroke non-fluent aphasia through a review of current literature. METHODS: Three electronic databases (Medline, Embase & Scopus) were searched for articles. Relevant studies were further evaluated and studies that met inclusion criteria were reviewed. RESULTS: The literature search yielded 4713 studies. Thirty-five articles were further evaluated to be included...
May 26, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549263/prevalence-reasons-perceived-effects-and-correlates-of-medical-marijuana-use-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Ji-Yeun Park, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: The use of marijuana for medical purposes is now legal in some U.S. states and other jurisdictions, such as Canada, and Israel. Despite the widespread legalization of medical marijuana globally, there is limited information on patterns and correlates of medical marijuana use (MMU). We conducted a literature review to assess prevalence, reasons, perceived effects, and correlates of MMU among adolescents and adults. METHODS: We searched peer-reviewed articles in English between January 1996 and August 2016 from several databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) using different combinations of keywords...
May 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549140/the-relationships-between-income-inequality-welfare-regimes-and-aggregate-health-a-systematic-review
#15
Ki-Tae Kim
: When analysing the relationships between income inequality, welfare regimes and aggregate health at the cross-national level, previous primary articles and systematic reviews reach inconsistent conclusions. Contrary to theoretical expectations, equal societies or the Social Democratic welfare regime do not always have the best aggregate health when compared with those of other relatively unequal societies or other welfare regimes. This article will shed light on the controversial subjects with a new decomposition systematic review method...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549059/elimination-diet-and-the-development-of-multiple-tree-nut-allergies
#16
Arnon Elizur, Jennifer B Bollyky, Whitney M Block
BACKGROUNDDespite its high prevalence, relatively little is known about the characteristics of patients with multiple tree-nuts allergies.METHODSPatients (n=60, aged 4-15 years), recruited for a multiple food (tree-nuts, peanut, milk, egg, soy, sesame and wheat) oral immunotherapy (OIT) study, filled a questionnaire on their initial allergy evaluation. Medical records were reviewed. At OIT enrollment (median interval, 7.5 years), patients underwent oral food challenges (OFC) to foods still eliminated.RESULTSThere was significantly less evidence for eliminating tree-nuts compared to other foods, as reflected by lower rate of acute reaction to the offending food, either as the trigger for initial allergy evaluation (5...
May 26, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549053/does-incremental-positioning-weight-shifts-reduce-pressure-injuries-in-critical-care-patients
#17
Lee Ann Krapfl, Julia Langin, Caitlin A Pike, Patricia Pezzella
BACKGROUND: Incremental positioning or weight shifts are often suggested as an alternative to standard repositioning/turning in critical care patients deemed clinically unstable. OBJECTIVE: This evidence-based report card reviews whether incremental positioning and/or weight shifts reduce hospital-acquired sacral/buttocks pressure injuries in critical care patients deemed too unstable to turn. METHODS AND SEARCH STRATEGY: A scoping review of the literature was conducted for studies related to repositioning and hospital-acquired pressure injuries in high-risk, critical care patients...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549006/laparoscopic-heller-myotomy-versus-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-poem-for-achalasia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Francisco Schlottmann, Daniel J Luckett, Jason Fine, Nicholas J Shaheen, Marco G Patti
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) and laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for the treatment of esophageal achalasia. BACKGROUND: Over the last 2 decades, LHM has become the primary form of treatment in many centers. However, since the first description of POEM in 2010, this technique has widely disseminated, despite the absence of long-term results and randomized trials. METHODS: A systematic Medline literature search of articles on LHM and POEM for the treatment of achalasia was performed...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549003/noninvasive-thermometry-in-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation
#19
Yufeng Zhou
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is emerging as an effective and promising treatment modality for the formation of coagulative necrosis inside the cancer/tumor noninvasively. To guarantee the efficacy and efficiency of HIFU ablation, the temperature field and consequent thermal dose should be monitored accurately in a high temporal and spatial resolution in real time. However, because of the significant variations of the tissue properties and deep penetration of HIFU beam, especially in the abdominal application, noninvasive thermometry is a very challenging topic, which may hamper the wide acceptance of HIFU by physicians worldwide...
May 25, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548971/allergic-contact-dermatitis-in-preservatives-current-standing-and-future-options
#20
Gustavo Deza, Ana M Giménez-Arnau
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Preservatives are well known skin sensitizers and represent one of the main causes of contact allergy. The purpose of this article is to review the current state of contact sensitization induced by preservatives and point future alternatives for products' preservation. RECENT FINDINGS: Isothiazolinones currently are the most common preservatives responsible of contact allergy in Europe and in the United States, and although some regulatory interventions have been taken place, the current contact allergy outbreak is not yet under control...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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