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One Health Initiative

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913227/assisted-partner-services-for-hiv-in-kenya-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Peter Cherutich, Matthew R Golden, Beatrice Wamuti, Barbra A Richardson, Kristjana H Ásbjörnsdóttir, Felix A Otieno, Ann Ng'ang'a, Peter Maingi Mutiti, Paul Macharia, Betsy Sambai, Matt Dunbar, David Bukusi, Carey Farquhar
BACKGROUND: Assisted partner services for index patients with HIV infections involves elicitation of information about sex partners and contacting them to ensure that they test for HIV and link to care. Assisted partner services are not widely available in Africa. We aimed to establish whether or not assisted partner services increase HIV testing, diagnoses, and linkage to care among sex partners of people with HIV infections in Kenya. METHODS: In this cluster randomised controlled trial, we recruited non-pregnant adults aged at least 18 years with newly or recently diagnosed HIV without a recent history of intimate partner violence who had not yet or had only recently linked to HIV care from 18 HIV testing services clinics in Kenya...
November 29, 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913160/psychological-well-being-and-mental-health-recovery-in-the-nimh-raise-early-treatment-program
#2
Julia Browne, David L Penn, Piper S Meyer-Kalos, Kim T Mueser, Sue E Estroff, Mary F Brunette, Christoph U Correll, James Robinson, Robert A Rosenheck, Nina Schooler, Delbert G Robinson, Jean Addington, Patricia Marcy, John M Kane
Recovery-oriented practices that promote client-centered care, collaboration, and functional outcome have been recommended to improve treatment engagement, especially for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Psychological well-being (PWB) is related to recovery and refers to experiencing purpose and meaning in life through realizing one's potential. The recently completed Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program (RAISE ETP) study sought to improve quality of life, functional outcome, and well-being in individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP)...
November 29, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912783/exploring-levers-and-barriers-to-accessing-primary-care-for-marginalised-groups-and-identifying-their-priorities-for-primary-care-provision-a-participatory-learning-and-action-research-study
#3
Patrick O'Donnell, Edel Tierney, Austin O'Carroll, Diane Nurse, Anne MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: The involvement of patients and the public in healthcare has grown significantly in recent decades and is documented in health policy documents internationally. Many benefits of involving these groups in primary care planning have been reported. However, these benefits are rarely felt by those considered marginalised in society and they are often excluded from participating in the process of planning primary care. It has been recommended to employ suitable approaches, such as co-operative and participatory initiatives, to enable marginalised groups to highlight their priorities for care...
December 3, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911071/severe-brain-injury-in-massachusetts-assessing-the-continuum-of-care
#4
Laura Lorenz, Gabrielle Katz
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a major public health problem in Massachusetts (Hackman et al, 2014) and includes traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, ABI-related infectious diseases, metabolic disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and brain tumor. Advances in emergency medical care and neurosurgery mean that more people are surviving severe traumatic brain injury (Trexler et al, 2014). Yet many patients with severe TBI in particular, are not receiving inpatient services after initial treatment (Hackman et al, 2014; CDC, 2014) or later that are known to be effective (Malec & Kean, 2015; Lewis & Horn, 2015; BI Commission, 2011; Kolakowsky-Hayner et al, 2000; Interviews)...
December 10, 2015: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909562/educating-restaurant-owners-and-cooks-to-lower-their-own-sodium-intake-is-a-potential-strategy-for-reducing-the-sodium-contents-of-restaurant-foods-a-small-scale-pilot-study-in-south-korea
#5
Sohyun Park, Heeseung Lee, Dong-Il Seo, Kwang-Hwan Oh, Taik Gun Hwang, Bo Youl Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of a sodium reduction program at local restaurants through nutrition education and examination of the health of restaurant owners and cooks. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study was a single-arm pilot intervention using a pre-post design in one business district with densely populated restaurants in Seoul, South Korea. The intervention focused on improving nutrition behaviors and psychosocial factors through education, health examination, and counseling of restaurant personnel...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908286/cost-analysis-of-large-scale-implementation-of-the-helping-babies-breathe-newborn-resuscitation-training-program-in-tanzania
#6
Sumona Chaudhury, Lauren Arlington, Shelby Brenan, Allan Kaijunga Kairuki, Amunga Robson Meda, Kahabi G Isangula, Victor Mponzi, Dunstan Bishanga, Erica Thomas, Georgina Msemo, Mary Azayo, Alice Molinier, Brett D Nelson
BACKGROUND: Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) has become the gold standard globally for training birth-attendants in neonatal resuscitation in low-resource settings in efforts to reduce early newborn asphyxia and mortality. The purpose of this study was to do a first-ever activity-based cost-analysis of at-scale HBB program implementation and initial follow-up in a large region of Tanzania and evaluate costs of national scale-up as one component of a multi-method external evaluation of the implementation of HBB at scale in Tanzania...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907898/obstetrical-and-perinatal-outcomes-following-blastocyst-transfer-compared-to-cleavage-transfer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
W P Martins, C O Nastri, L Rienzi, S Z van der Poel, C R Gracia, C Racowsky
STUDY QUESTION: Is blastocyst transfer safe when compared to cleavage stage embryo transfer regarding obstetric and perinatal outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: The clinical equipoise between blastocyst and cleavage stage embryo transfer remains as the evidence associating blastocyst transfer with some adverse perinatal outcomes is of low/very low quality. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Extended embryo culture to the blastocyst stage provides some theoretical advantages and disadvantages...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907084/community-art-support-groups-in-mozambique-the-potential-of-patients-as-partners-in-care
#8
Kebba Jobarteh, Ray W Shiraishi, Inacio Malimane, Paula Samo Gudo, Tom Decroo, Andrew F Auld, Vania Macome, Aleny Couto
BACKGROUND: High rates of attrition are stymying Mozambique's national HIV Program's efforts to achieve 80% treatment coverage. In response, Mozambique implemented a national pilot of Community Adherence and Support Groups (CASG). CASG is a model in which antiretroviral therapy (ART) patients form groups of up to six patients. On a rotating basis one CASG group member collects ART medications at the health facility for all group members, and distributes those medications to the other members in the community...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906948/cervical-interlaminar-epidural-injections-at-high-doses-do-not-increase-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-on-a-long-term-basis
#9
Hyunzu Kim, Joo Hyeon O, Sung-Jun Hong, Keun Man Shin, JungChan Park, Sang Soo Kang
BACKGROUND: Cervical epidural injection (CEI) is widely performed on patients with pain originating from the cervical spine. Studies have shown a good relationship between the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and the intracranial pressure (ICP). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the ONSD as a non-invasive surrogate marker of ICP after CEI. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Hospital and ambulatory pain clinic...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906924/reducing-harm-from-falls
#10
Shelley Jones, Sandy Blake, Richard Hamblin, Carmela Petagna, Carl Shuker, Alan F Merry
Serious adverse event reporting from district health boards (DHBs) brought in-hospital falls to the attention of the Health Quality & Safety Commission (the Commission) when it was incepted in 2010. In 2012, responding to the large numbers reported, the Commission began planning for a three-year programme to reduce harm from falls, initially to run 2013-2015. In this article we discuss the serious consequences of falls, and the challenges and practical considerations involved in reducing the risk of falling and the rate of falls...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906920/the-electronic-tracking-of-referral-and-attendance-at-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-counties-manukau-health-a-potential-model-for-new-zealand
#11
Andy McLachlan, Fiona Doolan-Noble, Mildred Lee, Katherine McLean, Andrew J Kerr
AIM: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes for patients surviving an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event are important and recommended by clinical guidelines. Referral and attendance, however, remain suboptimal and tracking both of these aspects to inform quality improvement has been difficult. The aim of this study was to describe the use of an electronic registry to capture referral and attendance at CR in CMH and to report the characteristics of the initial cohort. METHOD: We developed and implemented an electronic tracking tool, designed to be compatible with ANZAC-QI to monitor referral and attendance in a cohort of patients with confirmed ACS between 1 January 2013 and 1 January 2015...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906121/one-health-training-and-research-activities-in-western-europe
#12
REVIEW
Reina Sikkema, Marion Koopmans
INTRODUCTION: The increase in emerging human infectious diseases that have a zoonotic origin and the increasing resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobial drugs have shown the need for collaborations between the human, animal and environmental health sectors. The One Health concept increasingly receives recognition from policy makers and researchers all over the world. This overview compiled research and education activities in the area of One Health in Western Europe (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Iceland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Portugal, Scandinavia, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom (UK), with a focus on infectious diseases...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906120/one-health-training-research-and-outreach-in-north-america
#13
REVIEW
Cheryl Stroud, Bruce Kaplan, Jenae E Logan, Gregory C Gray
BACKGROUND: The One Health (OH) concept, formerly referred to as 'One Medicine' in the later part of the 20th century, has gained exceptional popularity in the early 21st century, and numerous academic and non-academic institutions have developed One Health programs. OBJECTIVES: To summarize One Health training, research, and outreach activities originating in North America. METHODS: We used data from extensive electronic records maintained by the One Health Commission (OHC) (www...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906048/comparative-effectiveness-of-abatacept-versus-tocilizumab-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-prior-tnfi-exposure-in-the-us-corrona-registry
#14
Leslie R Harrold, George W Reed, Daniel H Solomon, Jeffrey R Curtis, Mei Liu, Jeffrey D Greenberg, Joel M Kremer
BACKGROUND: We compared the effectiveness of abatacept (ABA) vs tocilizumab (TCA) in tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) experienced patients. METHODS: We identified rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients from a large observational US cohort (1 January 2010-31 May 2014) who had discontinued at least one TNFi and initiated ABA or TCZ in moderate or high disease activity based on the Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) and had no prior exposure to the comparator drug...
December 1, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905651/-current-evidence-on-health-benefits-of-the-mediterranean-diet
#15
Catalina Dussaillant, Guadalupe Echeverría, Inés Urquiaga, Nicolás Velasco, Attilio Rigotti
The Mediterranean diet is currently considered a functional diet with an increasing amount of scientific evidence that supports its beneficial effects in human health. Several observational cross-sectional and prospective cohort studies show an association between this diet and a lower prevalence and incidence of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases as well as a reduced overall mortality. Additionally, clinical interventional studies, particularly the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) initiative, have shown, with high quality scientific evidence, that a Mediterranean diet -supplemented either with olive oil or nuts- can lower by 30% the incidence of cardiovascular disease, reverse the metabolic syndrome, and prevent the development of diabetes and aging-related cognitive decline...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904626/respect-for-woman-s-decision-making-in-spontaneous-birth-a-thematic-synthesis-study
#16
Firoozeh MirzaeeRabor, Fattaneh Mirzaee, Khadigeh MirzaiiNajmabadi, Ali Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Participation of woman in decision-making processes is one of the key indicators of an appropriate relationship between a woman and the health care professionals. This study aimed to recognize the factors facilitating respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper employed a meta-synthesis on articles published in four biomedical databases including MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. All qualitative studies published after 1990 and directly or indirectly discussing the women's and the health care professional's attitudes toward respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth were searched...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904302/the-missing-link-evolving-accessibility-to-formulary-related-information
#17
Alison Van Rossum, Megan Holsopple, Julie Karpinski, Jordan Dow
BACKGROUND: Formulary management is a key component to ensuring the safe, effective, and fiscally responsible use of medications for health systems. One challenge in the formulary management process is making the most relevant formulary information easily accessible to practitioners involved in medication therapy decisions at the point of care. In September 2014, Froedtert and the Medical College of Wisconsin (F&MCW) implemented a commercial formulary management tool (CFMT) to improve accessibility to the recently aligned health-system formulary...
November 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903929/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-particulated-juvenile-articular-cartilage-and-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-for-articular-cartilage-lesions-of-the-talus
#18
Nathan S Lanham, John J Carroll, Minton T Cooper, Venkat Perumal, Joseph S Park
Background Articular cartilage lesions of the talus remain a challenging clinical problem because of the lack of natural regeneration and limited treatment options. Microfracture is often the first-line therapy, however lesions larger than 1.5 cm(2) have been shown to not do as well with this treatment method. Methods The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of iliac crest bone marrow aspirate concentrate/collagen scaffold (ICBMA) and particulated juvenile articular cartilage (PJAC) for larger articular cartilage lesions of the talus...
November 30, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903156/american-society-of-clinical-oncology-obesity-initiative-rationale-progress-and-future-directions
#19
Jennifer A Ligibel, Dana Wollins
Obesity is increasingly being linked to the risk of developing and dying from cancer. In recognition of the growing contribution of obesity to cancer risk and outcomes, ASCO made obesity and cancer one of its core initiatives in 2014. The goals of this initiative included raising awareness of the relationship between obesity and cancer, providing tools and resources to oncology providers and patients to help encourage conversations regarding weight management in cancer survivors, fostering a robust research agenda, and advocating for access to evidence-based weight management programs for cancer survivors...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903144/parent-burden-in-accessing-outpatient-psychiatric-services-for-adolescent-depression-in-a-large-state-system
#20
Kaitlin P Gallo, S Serene Olin, Amy Storfer-Isser, Briannon C O'Connor, Emma D Whitmyre, Kimberly E Hoagwood, Sarah McCue Horwitz
OBJECTIVE: This study examined barriers facing parents who seek outpatient psychiatric care in a large state system for adolescents with depression. METHODS: A total of 264 outpatient facilities licensed to treat youths in New York were contacted by using a mystery shopper methodology. Callers tracked the number of call attempts, in-person appointments, and other steps required prior to seeing a psychiatrist. RESULTS: Fewer than two-thirds of parents made a psychiatry, therapy, or intake appointment...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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