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One Health Initiative

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214912/-the-active-offering-of-measles-rubella-and-mumps-vaccine-in-new-mothers-the-experience-of-health-facilities-in-one-of-the-local-health-unit-of-rome-lazio-italy
#1
Viviana Santoro, Valentina Pettinicchio, Andreina Lancia, Cristiana Vazzoler, Francesca De Luca, Elisabetta Franco
Rubella is a contagious disease that can be very serious, especially in unvaccinated pregnant women. The best way to be protected is getting vaccinated: MMR vaccine is very effective at protecting people against measles, mumps, and rubella, and preventing the complications caused by these diseases. According to PASSI 2012-2015 (the Italian behavioral risk factor surveillance system) in the territory of ex ASL Roma C only 56% of women between 18 and 49 years were immunized against rubella, thanks to vaccination (34%) or past infection detected by rubeotest (22%); 2% was susceptible and 42% of respondents did not know their immune status against rubella...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213634/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-social-norm-interventions-to-increase-physical-activity
#2
Christopher M Wally, Linda D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Physical activity confers numerous health benefits, yet few adults meet recommended physical activity guidelines. PURPOSE: The impact of brief messages providing descriptive and injunctive social norm feedback on physical activity was tested in this conceptual pilot study. METHODS: Young adults (N = 111) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: descriptive norm feedback, descriptive-plus-injunctive norm feedback, or no social feedback (control condition)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212848/major-vectors-and-vector-borne-diseases-in-small-ruminants-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Kassahun Asmare, Takele Abayneh, Berhanu Sibhat, Dessie Shiferaw, Barbara Szonyi, Randi I Krontveit, Eystein Skjerve, Barbara Wieland
Vector-borne diseases are among major health constraints of small ruminant in Ethiopia. While various studies on single vector-borne diseases or presence of vectors have been conducted, no summarized evidence is available on the occurrence of these diseases and the related vectors. This systematic literature review provides a comprehensive summary on major vectors and vector-borne diseases in small ruminants in Ethiopia. Search for published and unpublished literature was conducted between 8th of January and 25th of June 2015...
February 14, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212641/local-constraints-to-access-appropriate-malaria-treatment-in-the-context-of-parasite-resistance-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#4
Jesse Verschuere, Tom Decroo, Dara Lim, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Chea Nguon, Rekol Huy, Yasmine Alkourdi, Koen Peeters Grietens, Charlotte Gryseels
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging drug resistance in Cambodia, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is still the most efficacious therapy. ACT is available free of charge in the Cambodian public sector and at a subsidized rate in the private sector. However, un- and mistreated cases in combination with population movements may lead to the further spread of resistant parasites, stressing the importance of understanding how the perceived aetiology of malaria and associated health-seeking behaviour may delay access to appropriate treatment...
February 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211039/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-epidemiological-review
#5
REVIEW
A C Green, C M Olsen
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common cancer in white populations and its disease burden is often substantially underestimated. SCC occurs more often in men than women and increases dramatically with age; those affected often develop multiple primaries over time, which increases the burden. The main external cause is solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with immunosuppression being the other established risk factor, shown by the high SCC rates in organ transplant recipients. Sunbed use and certain genetic disorders and medical conditions are also associated with SCC, while associations with human papillomavirus infection and high bodyweight are not established...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209905/diagnostic-value-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-versus-mri-in-the-setting-of-antibody-specific-autoimmune-encephalitis
#6
Lilja B Solnes, Krystyna M Jones, Steven P Rowe, Puskar Pattanayak, Abhinav Nalluri, Arun Venkatesan, John C Probasco, Mehrbod Som Javadi
Introduction: Diagnosis of autoimmune encephalitis presents some challenges in the clinical setting due to varied clinical presentations and delay in obtaining antibody panel results. We examined the role of neuroimaging in the setting of autoimmune encephalitides comparing the utility (18)F-FDG PET/CT versus conventional brain imaging with MRI. Methods: A retrospective study was performed assessing the positivity rate of MRI versus (18)F-FDG PET/CT during the initial work-up of 23 patients proven to have antibody positive autoimmune encephalitis...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208905/n-acetylcysteine-combined-with-home-based-physical-activity-effect-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-stable-copd-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Vijay Tukaram Salve, Jitesh S Atram
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life is adversely affected in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), due to irreversible, progressive nature of the disease and limitations of current treatment options available. One of the important aim of treatment of COPD is to improve Quality of Life (QoL). Cigarette smoke contains numerous free radicals and other oxidants. Oxidative stress has been implicated in pathogenesis, progression of disease and exacerbation in COPD. Pulmonary tuberculosis, outdoor and indoor air pollution and many others are aetiologies of COPD in non-smokers...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208745/astrocytic-pathological-calcium-homeostasis-and-impaired-vesicle-trafficking-in-neurodegeneration
#8
REVIEW
Nina Vardjan, Alexej Verkhratsky, Robert Zorec
Although the central nervous system (CNS) consists of highly heterogeneous populations of neurones and glial cells, clustered into diverse anatomical regions with specific functions, there are some conditions, including alertness, awareness and attention that require simultaneous, coordinated and spatially homogeneous activity within a large area of the brain. During such events, the brain, representing only about two percent of body mass, but consuming one fifth of body glucose at rest, needs additional energy to be produced...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207664/descriptive-analysis-of-spinal-neuroaxial-injections-surgical-interventions-and-physical-therapy-utilization-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-within-medicare-beneficiaries-from-2000-to-2011
#9
Joseph A Sclafani, Alexandra Constantin, Pei-Shu Ho, Venu Akuthota, Leighton Chan
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the utilization of various treatment modalities in the management of degenerative spondylolisthesis within Medicare beneficiaries. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis is a condition often identified in symptomatic low back pain. A variety of treatment algorithms including physical therapy and interventional techniques can be used to manage clinically significant degenerative spondylolisthesis...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204947/an-empirical-assessment-of-the-relationship-between-official-development-aid-and-child-mortality-2000-2015
#10
Taylor Fahy Winkleman, Grace Bagwell Adams
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of Official Development Aid (ODA) dollars on child mortality over the course of the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals initiative. METHODS: The relationship between child mortality and Official Development Aid over the duration of the Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015) is examined here using a longitudinal panel of country-level data from the World Bank and the United Nations. An Ordinary Least Squares regression approach was used with country-level fixed effects...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202428/patient-use-of-electronic-prescription-refill-and-secure-messaging-and-its-association-with-undetectable-hiv-viral-load-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
D Keith McInnes, Stephanie L Shimada, Amanda M Midboe, Kim M Nazi, Shibei Zhao, Justina Wu, Casey M Garvey, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Electronic personal health records (PHRs) can support patient self-management of chronic conditions. Managing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load, through taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial to long term survival of persons with HIV. Many persons with HIV have difficulty adhering to their ART over long periods of time. PHRs contribute to chronic disease self-care and may help persons with HIV remain adherent to ART. Proportionally veterans with HIV are among the most active users of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) PHR, called My HealtheVet...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202089/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-community-and-health-care-seeking-populations-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
M Jordans, S Rathod, A Fekadu, G Medhin, F Kigozi, B Kohrt, N Luitel, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, J Ssebunnya, V Patel, C Lund
: Aims Suicidal behaviour is an under-reported and hidden cause of death in most low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to lack of national systematic reporting for cause-specific mortality, high levels of stigma and religious or cultural sanctions. The lack of information on non-fatal suicidal behaviour (ideation, plans and attempts) in LMIC is a major barrier to design and implementation of prevention strategies. This study aims to determine the prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour within community- and health facility-based populations in LMIC...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202031/making-sense-of-complexity-in-context-and-implementation-the-context-and-implementation-of-complex-interventions-cici-framework
#13
Lisa M Pfadenhauer, Ansgar Gerhardus, Kati Mozygemba, Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Andrew Booth, Bjørn Hofmann, Philip Wahlster, Stephanie Polus, Jacob Burns, Louise Brereton, Eva Rehfuess
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of complex interventions, as well as their success in reaching relevant populations, is critically influenced by their implementation in a given context. Current conceptual frameworks often fail to address context and implementation in an integrated way and, where addressed, they tend to focus on organisational context and are mostly concerned with specific health fields. Our objective was to develop a framework to facilitate the structured and comprehensive conceptualisation and assessment of context and implementation of complex interventions...
February 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202029/sustained-diabetes-risk-reduction-after-real-life-and-primary-health-care-setting-implementation-of-the-diabetes-in-europe-prevention-using-lifestyle-physical-activity-and-nutritional-intervention-de-plan-project
#14
Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska, Jaana Lindström, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Beata Piwońska-Solska, Roman Topór-Mądry, Zbigniew Szybiński, Markku Peltonen, Peter E H Schwarz, Adam Windak, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk
BACKGROUND: Real life implementation studies performed in different settings and populations proved that lifestyle interventions in prevention of type 2 diabetes can be effective. However, little is known about long term results of these translational studies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the maintenance of diabetes type 2 risk factor reduction achieved 1 year after intervention and during 3 year follow-up in primary health care setting in Poland. METHODS: Study participants (n = 262), middle aged, slightly obese, with increased type 2 diabetes risk ((age 55...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199923/assistance-at-mealtimes-in-hospital-settings-and-rehabilitation-units-for-patients-65years-from-the-perspective-of-patients-families-and-healthcare-professionals-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Deborah Edwards, Judith Carrier, Jane Hopkinson
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is one of the key issues affecting the health of older people (>65years). With an aging population the problem is expected to increase further since the prevalence of malnutrition increases with age. Studies worldwide have identified that some older patients with good appetites do not receive sufficient nourishment because of inadequate feeding assistance. Mealtime assistance can enhance nutritional intake, clinical outcomes and patient experience. OBJECTIVES/AIM: To determine the effectiveness of meal time assistance initiatives for improving nutritional intake and nutritional status for older adult patients (>65years) in hospital settings and rehabilitation units...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197848/follow-up-after-curative-treatment-for-colorectal-cancer-longitudinal-evaluation-of-patient-initiated-follow-up-in-the-first-12%C3%A2-months
#16
L Batehup, K Porter, H Gage, P Williams, P Simmonds, E Lowson, L Dodson, N J Davies, R Wagland, J D Winter, A Richardson, A Turner, J L Corner
PURPOSE: To compare patient-triggered follow-up (PTFU) for curatively treated colorectal cancer against traditional outpatient follow-up (OPFU). METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed at four time points over one-year post-treatment to two prospectively-recruited cohorts: A, patients entering follow-up and receiving OPFU pre-implementation of PTFU; B, patients entering follow-up (FU) and receiving either OPFU (B1) or PTFU (B2) post-implementation of PTFU. Bi-variate tests were used to compare patient characteristics and outcomes eight months after entering follow-up (generic and cancer-specific quality of life (QoL), satisfaction)...
February 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#17
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196579/realisation-of-a-joint-consumer-engagement-strategy-in-the-nepean-blue-mountains-region
#18
Ilse Blignault, Diana Aspinall, Lizz Reay, Kay Hyman
Ensuring consumer engagement at different levels of the health system - direct care, organisational design and governance and policy - has become a strategic priority. This case study explored, through interviews with six purposively selected 'insiders' and document review, how one Medicare Local (now a Primary Health Network, PHN) and Local Health District worked together with consumers, to establish a common consumer engagement structure and mechanisms to support locally responsive, integrated and consumer-centred services...
February 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196518/a-comparison-of-how-behavioral-health-organizations-utilize-training-to-prepare-for-health-care-reform
#19
Victoria Stanhope, Mimi Choy-Brown, Stacey Barrenger, Jennifer Manuel, Micaela Mercado, Mary McKay, Steven C Marcus
BACKGROUND: Under the Affordable Care Act, States have obtained Medicaid waivers to overhaul their behavioral health service systems to improve quality and reduce costs. Critical to implementation of broad service delivery reforms has been the preparation of organizations responsible for service delivery. This study focused on one large-scale initiative to overhaul its service system with the goal of improving service quality and reducing costs. The study examined the participation of behavioral health organizations in technical assistance efforts and the extent to which organizational factors related to their participation...
February 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196459/care-provision-and-prescribing-practices-of-physicians-treating-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#20
Ayush Patel, Rohan Medhekar, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Rajender R Aparasu, Wenyaw Chan, Jeffrey T Sherer, Joy Alonzo, Hua Chen
OBJECTIVE: Care provision and prescribing practices of physicians treating children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with the 1995-2010 General Electric Centricity Electronic Medical Record database. The sample included children (≤18 years) with newly diagnosed ADHD (ICD-9-CM code 314.XX) who received a prescription for a stimulant or atomoxetine. Identification of comorbid psychiatric disorders, duration from initial ADHD diagnosis to treatment, prescription of other psychotropic medications, and follow-up care during the ten months after the ADHD treatment initiation were compared across provider type (primary care physicians [PCPs], child psychiatrists, and physicians with an unknown specialty)...
February 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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