keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

One Health Initiative

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792516/budget-impact-of-adding-lesinurad-for-second-line-treatment-of-gout-a-us-health-plan-perspective
#1
Robert W Klein, Shaum Kabadi, Frank N Cinfio, Christopher A Bly, Douglas Ca Taylor, Keith A Szymanski
AIM: Estimate budget impact of adopting lesinurad as add-on to allopurinol for urate-lowering therapy in gout. METHODS: A budget impact model was developed for a US payer perspective, using a Markov model to estimate costs, survival and discontinuation in a one-million-member health plan. The population included patients failing first-line gout therapy, followed for 5 years. RESULTS: Incremental costs of adding lesinurad versus no lesinurad were US$241,907 and US$1,098,220 in first and fifth years, respectively...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791487/patients-experiences-of-coping-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-their-recommendations-for-its-clinical-management
#2
Sameera Senanayake, Kim Harrison, Michael Lewis, Melitta McNarry, Joanne Hudson
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and life-limiting condition. From a healthcare perspective it is vital to establish effective methods of improving the quality of remaining life in these patients. This requires a detailed understanding of the multiple impacts of an IPF diagnosis on the individual. METHODS: We sought to understand how patients coped with their initial diagnosis, how they live with the disease day-to-day, and their experiences and opinions of the professional support they receive...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791433/the-belfast-youth-development-study-byds-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-initiation-persistence-and-desistance-of-substance-use-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-in-northern-ireland
#3
Kathryn Higgins, Aisling McLaughlin, Oliver Perra, Claire McCartan, Mark McCann, Andrew Percy, Julie-Ann Jordan
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse persists as a major public health issue worldwide with significant costs for society. The development of interventions requires methodologically sound studies to explore substance misuse causes and consequences. This Cohort description paper outlines the design of the Belfast Youth Development (BYDS), one of the largest cohort studies of its kind in the UK. The study was established to address the need for a long-term prospective cohort study to investigate the initiation, persistence and desistance of substance use, alongside life course processes in adolescence and adulthood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790923/missed-opportunities-to-prescribe-preexposure-prophylaxis-in-south-carolina-2013-2016
#4
Dawn K Smith, Man-Huei Chang, Wayne A Duffus, Stella Okoye, Sharon Weissman
Introduction: Expanding use of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in ways that address current racial/ethnic disparities is an important HIV prevention goal. We investigated missed opportunities to provide PrEP during healthcare visits occurring prior to HIV infection. Methods: This retrospective cohort study linked South Carolina HIV case surveillance data to 3 statewide healthcare databases. Characteristics of patients, health care visits and providers, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), and other diagnoses, were assessed for medical encounters occurring before an initial HIV diagnosis...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790603/hyperkalaemia-in-people-with-diabetes-occurrence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-a-danish-population-based-cohort-study
#5
R W Thomsen, S K Nicolaisen, K Adelborg, E Svensson, P Hasvold, E Palaka, L Pedersen, H T Sørensen
AIMS: To examine the incidence, risk factors and clinical outcomes of hyperkalaemia in people with diabetes in a real-world setting. METHODS: Using Danish health registries, we identified a population-based cohort of people with first-time drug-treated diabetes, in the period 2000-2012. First, the cumulative incidence of hyperkalaemia, defined as first blood test with potassium level >5.0 mmol/l after diabetes treatment initiation, was ascertained. Second, in a case-control analysis, risk factors were compared in people with vs without hyperkalaemia...
May 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790448/enhancing-outpatient-appointment-scheduling-system-performance-when-patient-no-show-percent-and-lateness-rates-are-high
#6
Mahmoud Barghash, Hanan Saleet
Purpose High lateness and no-show percentages pose great challenges on the patient scheduling process. Usually this is addressed by optimizing the time between patients in the scheduling process and the percent of extra patients scheduled to account for absent patients. However, since the patient no-show and lateness is highly stochastic we might end up with many patients showing up on time which leads to crowded clinics and high waiting times. The clinic might end up as well with low utilization of the doctor time...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789257/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-exploring-the-potential-for-expanding-the-role-of-pharmacists-in-public-health
#7
Olihe Okoro, Lisa Hillman
OBJECTIVES: The study objectives were to a) assess knowledge and experience; b) describe perceptions and attitudes; and c) identify training needs of community-based pharmacists regarding HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional survey study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The survey was administered online to pharmacists practicing in a community setting in the state of Minnesota. OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures included knowledge of and experience with HIV PrEP, perceptions and attitudes towards pharmacists' involvement, and HIV PrEP-specific training needs for pharmacists...
May 19, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788982/tisu-extracorporeal-shockwave-lithotripsy-as-first-treatment-option-compared-with-direct-progression-to-ureteroscopic-treatment-for-ureteric-stones-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Samuel McClinton, Sarah Cameron, Kathryn Starr, Ruth Thomas, Graeme MacLennan, Alison McDonald, Thomas Lam, James N'Dow, Mary Kilonzo, Robert Pickard, Ken Anson, Frank Keeley, Neil Burgess, Charles Terry Clark, Sara MacLennan, John Norrie
BACKGROUND: Urinary stone disease is very common with an estimated prevalence among the general population of 2-3%. Ureteric stones are associated with severe pain as they pass through the urinary tract and have significant impact on patients' quality of life due to the detrimental effect on their ability to work and need for hospitalisation. Most ureteric stones can be expected to pass spontaneously with supportive care. However, between one-fifth and one-third of cases require an intervention...
May 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788972/inequity-in-the-utilization-of-antenatal-and-delivery-care-in-yangon-region-myanmar-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Aye Nyein Moe Myint, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Thein Thein Htay, Myint Myint Wai, Johanne Sundby, Espen Bjertness
BACKGROUND: Equity of access to and utilization of healthcare across socio-economic groups is important to achieve universal health coverage. Although the utilization of antenatal and delivery care has been increasing in low- and middle-income countries, inequities in the utilization of antenatal and delivery care have been reported in many countries, but have not yet been studied in Myanmar. This study aimed to determine whether inequities in the utilization of antenatal and delivery care existed in Yangon region, Myanmar...
May 22, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788396/injury-surveillance-and-reporting-for-trainees-with-bone-stress-injury-current-practices-and-recommendations
#10
Scott C Dembowski, Bradley S Tragord, Amy F Hand, Iván R Rohena-Quinquilla, Ian E Lee, David C Thoma, Joseph M Molloy
Background: Musculoskeletal injuries, including lower extremity bone stress injuries (BSI) significantly impact initial entry training (IET) in the U.S. Army due to limited duty days, trainee attrition, early medical discharge, and related financial costs. Factors complicating trainee BSI surveillance include inconsistent BSI coding practices, attrition documentation as both administrative separations and medical discharges and the inability to code for BSI grade or severity when using International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th revision (ICD-10) codes...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788111/acute-assessment-of-traumatic-brain-injury-and-post-traumatic-stress-after-exposure-to-a-deployment-related-explosive-blast
#11
Monty T Baker, John C Moring, Willie J Hale, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Richard A Bryant, Donna K Broshek, Jeffrey T Barth, Robert Villarreal, Cynthia L Lancaster, Steffany L Malach, Jose M Lara-Ruiz, William Isler, Alan L Peterson
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are two of the signature injuries in military service members who have been exposed to explosive blasts during deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan. Acute stress disorder (ASD), which occurs within 2-30 d after trauma exposure, is a more immediate psychological reaction predictive of the later development of PTSD. Most previous studies have evaluated service members after their return from deployment, which is often months or years after the initial blast exposure...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787323/the-role-of-vaccines-in-fighting-antimicrobial-resistance-amr
#12
Kathrin U Jansen, Annaliesa S Anderson
The problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the associated morbidity and mortality due to antibiotic resistant bacterial pathogens is not new. However, AMR has been increasing at an alarming rate with appearances of diseases caused by bacteria exhibiting resistance to not just one but multiple classes of antibiotics. The World Health Organization (WHO) supported by governments, health ministries and health agencies has formulated global action plans to combat the rise in AMR, supporting a number of proven initiatives such as antimicrobial stewardship, investments in development of new classes of antibiotics, and educational programs designed to eliminate inappropriate antibiotic use...
May 22, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785617/heat-shock-but-not-temperature-is-a-biological-trigger-for-the-exsheathment-of-third-stage-larvae-of-haemonchus-contortus
#13
Kiliana Bekelaar, Tania Waghorn, Michael Tavendale, Catherine McKenzie, Dave Leathwick
Gastrointestinal parasites are an important health issue in grazing ruminants. Understanding the processes involved in the transition from the free living to the parasitic life stage of these nematodes is one avenue to identifying new targets amenable to future intervention. The transition to parasitism is initiated by exsheathment and is triggered by the sudden change in environment after ingestion of the infective larva by the host. Two major changes in environment are the increases in temperature and carbon dioxide (CO2 ) levels...
May 21, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785517/optimization-and-enhancement-of-textile-reactive-remazol-black-b-decolorization-and-detoxification-by-environmentally-isolated-ph-tolerant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-ky284155
#14
Rasha A Hashem, Reham Samir, Tamer M Essam, Amal E Ali, Magdy A Amin
Azo dyes are complex derivatives of diazene used in food and textile manufacture. They are highly recalcitrant compounds, and account for severe environmental and health problems. Different strains of Pseudomonas species were isolated from textile wastewater effluents. The bioconversion of Remazol black B (a commonly used water soluble dye) by Pseudomonas aeruginosa was observed in static conditions. The bio-decolorization process was optimized by a multi factorial Plackett-Burman experimental design. Decolorization of 200 mg L-1 reached 100% in 32 h...
May 21, 2018: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784742/nccn-frameworks-for-resource-stratification-of-nccn-guidelines-adult-cancer-pain-and-palliative-care
#15
Robert A Swarm, Maria Dans
The NCCN Framework aims to provide adapted guidelines for low- and middle-resource countries to improve the experience of patients with cancer. In particular, the NCCN Frameworks for Adult Cancer Pain and Palliative Care and were designed to help expand access to pain management and palliative care for patients in low-resource countries. The NCCN Framework is one of several tools that can improve cancer care in the developing world. The NCCN Harmonized Guidelines for Sub-Saharan Africa, a collaborative effort between NCCN, American Cancer Society, Clinton Health Access Initiative, and African Cancer Coalition, was developed to harmonize NCCN recommendations with local guidelines across Africa and to make best use of available services and resources...
May 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784635/acceptability-of-an-mhealth-app-intervention-for-persons-with-type-2-diabetes-and-its-associations-with-initial-self-management-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Astrid Torbjørnsen, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Anne Karen Jenum, Eirik Årsand, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: Mobile health interventions are increasingly used in health care. The level of acceptability may indicate whether and how such digital solutions will be used. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore associations between the level of acceptability of a mobile diabetes app and initial ability of self-management for patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Participants with type 2 diabetes were recruited from primary health care settings to a 3-armed randomized controlled trial in the Norwegian study in the RENEWING HEALTH project...
May 21, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783974/pathways-to-prevention-protocol-for-the-cap-climate-and-preventure-study-to-evaluate-the-long-term-effectiveness-of-school-based-universal-selective-and-combined-alcohol-misuse-prevention-into-early-adulthood
#17
Nicola C Newton, Lexine Stapinski, Tim Slade, Katrina E Champion, Emma L Barrett, Catherine Chapman, Anna Smout, Siobhan Lawler, Marius Mather, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Patricia J Conrod, Maree Teesson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and associated harms are among the leading causes of burden of disease among young people, highlighting the need for effective prevention. The Climate and Preventure (CAP) study was the first trial of a combined universal and selective school-based approach to preventing alcohol misuse among adolescents. Initial results indicate that universal, selective and combined prevention were all effective in delaying the uptake of alcohol use and binge drinking for up to 3 years following the interventions...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783911/can-predictive-modeling-identify-head-and-neck-oncology-patients-at-risk-for-readmission
#18
Amy M Manning, Keith A Casper, Kay St Peter, Keith M Wilson, Jonathan R Mark, Ryan M Collar
Objective Unplanned readmission within 30 days is a contributor to health care costs in the United States. The use of predictive modeling during hospitalization to identify patients at risk for readmission offers a novel approach to quality improvement and cost reduction. Study Design Two-phase study including retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data followed by prospective longitudinal study. Setting Tertiary academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Prospectively collected data for patients undergoing surgical treatment for head and neck cancer from January 2013 to January 2015 were used to build predictive models for readmission within 30 days of discharge using logistic regression, classification and regression tree (CART) analysis, and random forests...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783793/summary-of-u-s-injuries-and-fatalities-involving-entrapment-and-suffocation-in-grain-transport-vehicles
#19
Yuan-Hsin Cheng, William E Field, Salah F Issa, Kevin Kelley, Matthew Heber, Robert Turner
Since 1978, the Purdue University Agricultural Safety and Health Program has managed a surveillance effort and database to collect information on documented injuries and fatalities in all forms of U.S. agricultural confined spaces. The database currently contains 1,968 cases documented in the U.S. between 1964 and 2016. Of these cases, 174 (8.8%) involved entrapment or suffocation in grain transport vehicles (GTVs), including gravity-flow wagons, semi-truck trailers, and other agricultural transport vehicles that have limited access and are not considered normal work spaces or are classified as confined spaces...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782308/activation-of-herpes-simplex-infection-after-tattoo
#20
Antigona Begolli Gerqari, Mybera Ferizi, Merita Kotori, Aferdita Daka, Syzana Hapciu, Ilir Begolli, Mirije Begolli, Idriz Gerqari
Tattooing is a procedure where ink is applied to an area of the skin, mostly intraepidermally (1). This procedure is carried out mainly for aesthetic purposes. Lately, it has been used as a corrective medical procedure following amputation of mammilla. The procedure is aggressive (2), and the fact that skin is punctured many times with the same needle which cannot be fully sterilized may cause infection of the treated area with bacterial, fungal, or viral agents that may lead to health consequences manifesting in the form of verrucae vulgaris, molluscum contagiosum, and herpes simplex...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
keyword
keyword
21235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"