keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

One Health Initiative

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331280/-jurisdictions-on-the-reimbursement-of-new-medical-technologies-by-public-health-insurance-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Patricia Ex, Susanne Felgner, Cornelia Henschke
BACKGROUND: In Germany reimbursement for new medical technologies is often enforced before a social court. It is likely that these judicial decisions also affect the sickness funds' decisions on requests for reimbursement and thus patient access to new technologies in general. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the technologies that have repeatedly generated court actions and whether these actions have been successful. The focus was on differences between sectors, technology groups and indications...
January 10, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#2
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330676/quantitative-outcomes-of-a-one-health-approach-to-study-global-health-challenges
#3
REVIEW
Laura C Falzon, Isabel Lechner, Ilias Chantziaras, Lucie Collineau, Aurélie Courcoul, Maria-Eleni Filippitzi, Riikka Laukkanen-Ninios, Carole Peroz, Jorge Pinto Ferreira, Merel Postma, Pia G Prestmo, Clare J Phythian, Eleonora Sarno, Gerty Vanantwerpen, Timothée Vergne, Douglas J C Grindlay, Marnie L Brennan
Having gained momentum in the last decade, the One Health initiative promotes a holistic approach to address complex global health issues. Before recommending its adoption to stakeholders, however, it is paramount to first compile quantitative evidence of the benefit of such an approach. The aim of this scoping review was to identify and summarize primary research that describes monetary and non-monetary outcomes following adoption of a One Health approach. An extensive literature search yielded a total of 42,167 references, of which 85 were included in the final analysis...
January 12, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330583/utilization-of-active-surveillance-and-watchful-waiting-for-localized-prostate-cancer-in-the-daily-practice
#4
Jan Herden, Lothar Weissbach
PURPOSE: To analyze the utilization of Active Surveillance (AS) and Watchful Waiting (WW) in the daily routine setting, since both are non-invasive treatment options for localized prostate cancer (PCa), which are used in a curative (AS) or palliative (WW) setting. Since differentiation of both strategies is not always clear, patients were compared with respect to the inclusion criteria, frequency of follow-up examinations (Prostate Specific Antigen = PSA tests, rebiopsies), and initiation of a deferred treatment...
January 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330009/the-almanach-project-preliminary-results-and-potentiality-from-afghanistan
#5
A Bernasconi, F Crabbé, R Rossi, I Qani, A Vanobberghen, M Raab, S Du Mortier
INTRODUCTION: ALMANACH (ALgorithms for the MANagement of Acute CHildhood illnesses) is an electronic version of IMCI (Integrated Management of Childhood Illness) running on tablets. ALMANACH enhances its concept, it integrates well into health staff's daily consultation work and facilitates diagnosis and treatment. ALMANACH informs when to refer a child or to perform a rapid diagnostic test (RDT), recommends the right treatment dosage and synchronizes collected data real time with a Health Management Information System (DHIS2) for epidemiological evaluation and decision making...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329763/efficacy-and-safety-of-varenicline-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-france-anrs-144-inter-activ-a-randomised-controlled-phase-3-clinical-trial
#6
Patrick Mercié, Julie Arsandaux, Christine Katlama, Samuel Ferret, Aurélie Beuscart, Christian Spadone, Claudine Duvivier, Jacques Reynes, Nathalie Wirth, Laetitia Moinot, Antoine Bénard, David Zucman, Xavier Duval, Jean-Michel Molina, Bruno Spire, Catherine Fagard, Geneviève Chêne
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is common in people living with HIV, but high-quality evidence on interventions for smoking cessation is not available in this population. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of varenicline with counselling to aid smoking cessation in people living with HIV. METHODS: The ANRS 144 Inter-ACTIV randomised, parallel, double-blind, multicentre, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial was done at 30 clinical hospital sites in France. People living with HIV who had smoked at least ten cigarettes per day for 1 year or longer, were motivated to stop smoking, were not dependent on another psychoactive substance, and had no history of depression or suicide attempt were eligible...
January 9, 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329396/patient-level-benefits-associated-with-decentralization-of-antiretroviral-therapy-services-to-primary-health-facilities-in-malawi-and-uganda
#7
George Abongomera, Levison Chiwaula, Paul Revill, Travor Mabugu, Edward Tumwesige, Misheck Nkhata, Fabian Cataldo, J van Oosterhout, Robert Colebunders, Adrienne K Chan, Cissy Kityo, Charles Gilks, James Hakim, Janet Seeley, Diana M Gibb, Deborah Ford
Background: The Lablite project captured information on access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) at larger health facilities ('hubs') and lower-level health facilities ('spokes') in Phalombe district, Malawi and in Kalungu district, Uganda. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among patients who had transferred to a spoke after treatment initiation (Malawi, n=54; Uganda, n=33), patients who initiated treatment at a spoke (Malawi, n=50; Uganda, n=44) and patients receiving treatment at a hub (Malawi, n=44; Uganda, n=46)...
January 10, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329325/classification-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-in-clinical-phenotypes-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#8
A Dell'Isola, M Steultjens
OBJECTIVES: The existence of phenotypes has been hypothesized to explain the large heterogeneity characterizing the knee osteoarthritis. In a previous systematic review of the literature, six main phenotypes were identified: Minimal Joint Disease (MJD), Malaligned Biomechanical (MB), Chronic Pain (CP), Inflammatory (I), Metabolic Syndrome (MS) and Bone and Cartilage Metabolism (BCM). The purpose of this study was to classify a sample of individuals with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) into pre-defined groups characterized by specific variables that can be linked to different disease mechanisms, and compare these phenotypes for demographic and health outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327604/strategies-to-improve-recruitment-of-people-with-dementia-to-research-studies
#9
Ruth Bartlett, Richard Milne, Rebecca Croucher
Background Low participation in research is one of the key challenges to advancing understanding of dementia, and improving the care and treatment of those who live with this condition. Nurses and nurse researchers play a vital role in recruiting people with dementia to studies, as several countries including the United States and the United Kingdom set national targets and develop initiatives to encourage more people with dementia to take part in research. Aim To highlight the challenges to recruiting people with dementia to studies, and to identify strategies that nurses, and in particular, nurse researchers can use for overcoming them...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327445/don-t-just-do-something-stand-there-the-value-and-art-of-deliberate-clinical-inertia
#10
Gerben Keijzers, Louise Cullen, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Daniel M Fatovich
It can be difficult to avoid unnecessary investigations and treatments, which are a form of low-value care. Yet every intervention in medicine has potential harms, which may outweigh the potential benefits. Deliberate clinical inertia is the art of doing nothing as a positive response. This paper provides suggestions on how to incorporate deliberate clinical inertia into our daily clinical practice, and gives an overview of current initiatives such as 'Choosing Wisely' and the 'Right Care Alliance'. The decision to 'do nothing' can be complex due to competing factors, and barriers to implementation are highlighted...
January 12, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327442/transplantation-or-rurality-migration-and-hiv-risk-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-urban-areas
#11
Chuncheng Liu, Rong Fu, Weiming Tang, Bolin Cao, Stephen W Pan, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker, M Kumi Smith
INTRODUCTION: Migration of men who have sex with men (MSM) from rural to urban areas is common across low- and middle-income countries and is widely believed to contribute to elevated HIV risk among migrant MSM in urban areas. Little consensus exists on whether their risk is due to their transplantation or their being from resource-constrained rural areas. This study seeks to clarify the relationship between migration and HIV risks by comparing differences in HIV-related risky sexual behaviours and healthcare utilization across competing conceptualizations of migratory statuses...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327367/the-free-healthcare-initiative-in-sierra-leone-evaluating-a-health-system-reform-2010-2015
#12
Sophie Witter, Nouria Brikci, Tim Harris, Richard Williams, Sarah Keen, Ana Mujica, Alex Jones, Alex Murray-Zmijewski, Barbara Bale, Bailah Leigh, Ade Renner
This article presents the findings of a theory-based evaluation of the Sierra Leone Free Health Care Initiative (FHCI), using mixed methods. Analytical approaches included time-series analysis of national survey data to examine mortality and morbidity trends, as well as modelling of impact using the Lives Saved Tool and expenditure trend analysis. We find that the FHCI responded to a clear need in Sierra Leone, was well designed to bring about needed changes in the health system to deliver services to the target beneficiaries, and did indeed bring funds and momentum to produce important systemic reforms...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326094/a-shared-decision-making-tool-to-prevent-substance-abuse-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Ju Long, Juntao Michael Yuan, Ron Kim Johnson
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder (SUD) affects over 20 million adults and costs over $700 billion annually in the United States. It is one the greatest health care challenges we face. OBJECTIVE: This research project seeks to enhance the standard practice of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) through a mobile solution easily incorporated into primary care that will promote shared decision making and increase referral and adherence to specialty care through continued follow-up care...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325912/impact-of-the-childhood-vaccine-discussion-format-over-time-on-immunization-status
#14
Douglas J Opel, Chuan Zhou, Jeffrey D Robinson, Nora Henrikson, Katherine Lepere, Rita Mangione-Smith, James A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Presumptive formats to initiate childhood vaccine discussions (e.g. "Well we have to do some shots.") have been associated with increased vaccine acceptance after one visit compared to participatory formats (e.g. "How do you feel about vaccines?"). We characterize discussion format patterns over time and the impact of their repeated use on vaccine acceptance. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal prospective cohort study of children of vaccine-hesitant parents enrolled in a Seattle-based integrated health system...
January 8, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325160/implementing-electronic-health-record-default-settings-to-reduce-opioid-overprescribing-a-pilot-study
#15
Kara Zivin, Jessica O White, Sandra Chao, Anna L Christensen, Luke Horner, Dana M Petersen, Morgan R Hobbs, Grace Capreol, Kevin A Halbritter, Christopher M Jones
Objective: To pilot test the effectiveness, feasibility, and acceptability of instituting a 15-pill quantity default in the electronic health record for new Schedule II opioid prescriptions. Design: A mixed-methods pilot study in two health systems, including pre-post analysis of prescribed opioid quantity and focus groups or interviews with prescribers and health system administrators. Methods: We implemented a 15-pill electronic health record default for new Schedule II opioids and assessed opioid quantity before and after implementation using electronic health record data on 6,390 opioid prescriptions from 448 prescribers...
January 9, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324562/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-pre-frailty-and-frailty-progression-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#16
João Apóstolo, Richard Cooke, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Silvina Santana, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten, Federico Germini, Barbara D'Avanzo, Holly Gwyther, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions for preventing frailty progression in older adults. INTRODUCTION: Frailty is an age-related state of decreased physiological reserves characterized by an increased risk of poor clinical outcomes. Evidence supporting the malleability of frailty, its prevention and treatment, has been presented. INCLUSION CRITERIA: The review considered studies on older adults aged 65 and over, explicitly identified as pre-frail or frail, who had been undergoing interventions focusing on the prevention of frailty progression...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324539/trial-of-optimal-personalised-care-after-treatment-gynaecological-cancer-topcat-g-a-randomized-feasibility-trial
#17
Val Morrison, Llinos H Spencer, Nikki Totton, Kirstie Pye, Seow Tien Yeo, Caryl Butterworth, Liz Hall, Rhiannon Whitaker, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Laura J Timmis, Zoe Hoare, Richard D Neal, Clare Wilkinson, Simon Leeson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of completing a parallel-group randomized controlled trial to compare usual follow-up care for women who have completed treatment of gynecological cancer against a nurse-led telephone intervention, known as Optimal Personalised Care After Treatment-Gynaecological. METHODS: The unblinded trial aimed to recruit patients who had completed treatment of cervical, endometrial, epithelial ovarian, or vulval cancer within the previous 3 months at 3 North Wales hospitals...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324318/a-feasibility-study-of-a-multidimensional-breastfeeding-support-intervention-in-ireland
#18
Goiuri Alberdi, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Helena Scully, Niamh Kelly, Regina Kincaid, Rosie Murtagh, Stephanie Murray, Denise McGuinness, Ashamole Clive, Mary Brosnan, Lucille Sheehy, Elizabeth Dunn, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimum mode of infant feeding. Despite this, most global populations do not achieve the World Health Organisation's recommendation of exclusive breast milk for the first 6 months of life. Irish breastfeeding rates are among the lowest in Europe, necessitating a well-designed breastfeeding-support intervention. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a multidimensional breastfeeding intervention in a rural and an urban maternity setting in Ireland...
December 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323622/enhancing-health-care-professionals-and-trainees-knowledge-of-physical-activity-guidelines-for-adults-with-and-without-sci
#19
Celina H Shirazipour, Jennifer R Tomasone, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
BACKGROUND: Health care providers (HCPs) are preferred sources of physical activity (PA) information; however, minimal research has explored HCPs' knowledge of spinal cord injury (SCI) PA guidelines, and no research has examined HCP trainees' PA guideline knowledge. OBJECTIVE: The current study explored HCPs' and trainees' initial knowledge of PA guidelines for both adults with SCI and the general population, and the utility of an event-based intervention for improving this knowledge...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321029/association-of-caries-experience-and-dental-plaque-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-elementary-school-aged-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Saeed Bashirian, Samaneh Shirahmadi, Shabnam Seyedzadeh-Sabounchi, Ali Reza Soltanian, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Farshid Vahdatinia
BACKGROUND: Dental caries among Iranian elementary school children aged 6-12 years continue to rise. To estimate treatment needs and guide health initiatives, current epidemiologic data are required. Such data are currently unavailable for dental health. The purpose of this study was to assess caries experience, dental plaque, and associated factors in elementary school-aged children from Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 988 elementary school children aged 7-12 years were selected by multistage cluster sampling...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
keyword
keyword
21235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"