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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908914/muscle-mania-the-quest-for-the-perfect-body
#1
Maira Hameed, Ajay Sahu, Maria B Johnson
We describe the case of a young man with repeated hospital presentations for a variety of symptoms related to excessive bodybuilding and associated behaviours. He presented to our department (radiology) with right arm pain and loss of function. Ultrasound showed complete triceps rupture, rare in young patients and multiple cystic areas within the muscles of the arm. MRI revealed these to be multiple proteinaceous lesions within the muscle bellies and the possibility of self-innoculation was raised by the reporting radiologist...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896191/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-ablative-and-non-ablative-fractional-laser-treatments-for-early-stage-thyroidectomy-scars
#2
Jin-Uk Jang, Soo-Young Kim, Eul-Sik Yoon, Woo-Kyung Kim, Seung-Ha Park, Byung-Il Lee, Deok-Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Open thyroidectomy is conventionally performed at the anterior side of neck, which is a body part with a comparatively great degree of open exposure; due to this, postoperative scarring may cause distress in patients. We aimed to compare the effects of ablative and nonablative fractional laser treatments on thyroidectomy scars. We examined medical records in a retrospective manner and analyzed scars based on their digital images by using the modified Manchester Scar Scale (mMSS)...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889486/abdominoplasty-with-scarpa-fascia-preservation-comparative-study-in-a-bariatric-population
#3
Inês Correia-Gonçalves, Rita Valença-Filipe, Jorge Carvalho, Marco Rebelo, Helena Peres, José Amarante, António Costa-Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Abdominoplasty techniques using a more superficial plane of dissection with Scarpa fascia preservation have been shown to improve recovery and reduce complications in nonbariatric patients. Patients who have experienced massive weight loss frequently need body contour procedures and represent a high-risk group. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of this technique in patients with massive weight loss after bariatric surgery. SETTING: University hospital, Portugal...
September 28, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879586/separation-aspiration-and-fat-equalization-safe-liposuction-concepts-for-comprehensive-body-contouring
#4
Simeon H Wall, Michael R Lee
BACKGROUND: Separation, aspiration, and fatty equilibration (SAFE) liposuction uses a process approach to body contouring and minimizes injury to surrounding structures. The multistep process allows for (1) fat separation, (2) lipoaspiration, and (3) fat equalization. The purpose of this study was to review both outcomes and complications of primary SAFE liposuction. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was completed of patients undergoing SAFE liposuction from January of 2006 to January of 2011...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875329/classical-and-quantum-many-body-effects-on-the-critical-properties-and-thermodynamic-regularities-of-silicon
#5
C Desgranges, P W Anderson, J Delhommelle
Using molecular simulation, we determine the critical properties of Si as well as the loci for several remarkable thermodynamic contours spanning the supercritical region of the phase diagram. We consider a classical three-body potential as well as a quantum (tight-binding) many-body model, and determine the loci for the ideality contours, including the Zeno line and the H line of ideal enthalpy. The two strategies (classical or quantum) lead to strongly asymmetric binodals and to critical properties in good agreement with each other...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870353/eye-size-and-set-in-small-bodied-fossil-primates-a-three-dimensional-method
#6
Alfred L Rosenberger, Tim D Smith, Valerie B DeLeon, Anne M Burrows, Robert Schenck, Lauren B Halenar
We introduce a new method to geometrically reconstruct eye volume and placement in small-bodied primates based on the three-dimensional contour of the intraorbital surface. We validate it using seven species of living primates, with dry skulls and wet dissections, and test its application on seven species of Paleogene fossils of interest. The method performs well even when the orbit is damaged and incomplete, lacking the postorbital bar and represented only by the orbital floor. Eye volume is an important quantity for anatomic and metabolic reasons, which due to differences in eye set, or position within (or outside) the bony orbit, can be underestimated in living and fossil forms when calculated from aperture diameter...
December 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857516/sentinel-lymph-node-scintigraphy-in-cutaneous-melanoma-using-a-planar-calibration-phantom-filled-with-tc-99m-pertechnetate-solution-for-body-contouring
#7
Claudiu Peştean, Elena Bărbuş, Andra Piciu, Maria Iulia Larg, Alexandrina Sabo, Cristina Moisescu-Goia, Doina Piciu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Melanoma is a disease that has an increasing incidence worldwide. Sentinel lymph node scintigraphy is a diagnostic tool that offers important information regarding the localization of the sentinel lymph nodes offering important input data to establish a pertinent and personalized therapeutic strategy. The golden standard in body contouring for sentinel lymph node scintigraphy is to use a planar flood source of Cobalt-57 (Co-57) placed behind the patients, against the gamma camera...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853687/the-effect-of-body-mass-index-on-outcome-of-abdominoplasty-operations
#8
Wagih Ghnnam, Ashraf Elrahawy, Magdy El Moghazy
BACKGROUND: Increased body mass index (BMI) increase the incidence of seroma formation and wound infection rates and subsequently increases wound dehiscence and ugly scar formation following abdomenoplasty and body contour surgery and also many other aesthetic and plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of BMI on the outcome of abdominoplasty operation. METHODS: We carried out a prospective study of all patients who underwent abdominoplasty at our institution...
September 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843035/consensus-contouring-guidelines-for-postoperative-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-metastatic-solid-tumor-malignancies%C3%A2-to-the-spine
#9
Kristin J Redmond, Scott Robertson, Simon S Lo, Scott G Soltys, Samuel Ryu, Todd McNutt, Samuel T Chao, Yoshiya Yamada, Amol Ghia, Eric L Chang, Jason Sheehan, Arjun Sahgal
PURPOSE: To develop consensus contouring guidelines for postoperative stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for spinal metastases. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ten spine SBRT specialists representing 10 international centers independently contoured the clinical target volume (CTV), planning target volume (PTV), spinal cord, and spinal cord planning organ at risk volume (PRV) for 10 representative clinical scenarios in postoperative spine SBRT for metastatic solid tumor malignancies...
September 17, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836500/ex-vivo-loading-of-trussed-implants-for-spine-fusion-induces-heterogeneous-strains-consistent-with-homeostatic-bone-mechanobiology
#10
Jason P Caffrey, Esther Cory, Van W Wong, Koichi Masuda, Albert C Chen, Jessee P Hunt, Timothy M Ganey, Robert L Sah
A truss structure was recently introduced as an interbody fusion cage. As a truss system, some of the connected elements may be in a state of compression and others in tension. This study aimed to quantify both the mean and variance of strut strains in such an implant when loaded in a simulated fusion condition with vertebral body or contoured plastic loading platens ex vivo. Cages were each instrumented with 78 fiducial spheres, loaded between platens (vertebral body or contoured plastic), imaged using high resolution micro-CT, and analyzed for deformation and strain of each of the 221 struts...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834494/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-non-contact-radiofrequency-device-for-body-contouring-in-asians
#11
Dong Hye Suh, Chang Min Kim, Sang Jun Lee, Hyunjoo Kim, Suk Keu Yeom, Hwa Jung Ryu
BACKGROUND: The non-invasive reduction of subcutaneous abdominal fat became popular. Radiofrequency, non-contact, selective-field device Vanquish® has been developed to selectively induce deep fat tissue heating to reduce waist circumference. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of clinical, radiological results of the radiofrequency, non-contact, selective-field device treatment. METHODS: 12 healthy individuals with no underlying medical problem were treated with 5 sessions of radiofrequency treatment to reduce abdominal subcutaneous fat...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825592/immediate-effects-of-foot-orthoses-on-pain-during-functional-tasks-in-people-with-patellofemoral-osteoarthritis-a-cross-over-proof-of-concept-study
#12
Natalie J Collins, Rana S Hinman, Hylton B Menz, Kay M Crossley
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to determine whether prefabricated foot orthoses immediately reduce pain during functional tasks in people with patellofemoral osteoarthritis, compared to flat insoles and shoes alone. METHODS: Eighteen people with predominant lateral patellofemoral osteoarthritis (nine women; mean [SD] age 59 [10]years; body mass index 27.9 [3.2]kg/m(2)) performed functional tasks wearing running sandals, and then wearing foot orthoses and flat insoles (random order)...
November 4, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805927/management-of-gynecomastia-in-patients-with-different-body-types-considerations-on-312-consecutive-treated-cases
#13
Alessandro Innocenti, Dario Melita, Francesco Mori, Francesco Ciancio, Marco Innocenti
BACKGROUND: Gynecomastia is a common finding in male subjects which incidence varies widely in the world population. In adolescents, it is frequently temporary but, if it becomes persistent, it generates considerable embarrassment, inducing the patients to seek surgical consultation. Even in patients with good body contour, gynecomastia creates even greater distress considering the special attention given by these subjects to their physical appearance. The authors present their experience in the treatment of gynecomastia comparing different body types of patients with the aim to investigate dissimilar expectations, needs and surgical outcomes thus optimizing the management of the pathological condition, achieving high levels of agreement and reducing unsatisfied patients arising from cosmetic surgery...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796596/computerized-assessment-of-body-image-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-comparison-with-standardized-body-image-assessment-tool
#14
Asaf Caspi, Revital Amiaz, Noa Davidson, Efrat Czerniak, Eitan Gur, Nahum Kiryati, Daniel Harari, Miriam Furst, Daniel Stein
: Body image disturbances are a prominent feature of eating disorders (EDs). Our aim was to test and evaluate a computerized assessment of body image (CABI), to compare the body image disturbances in different ED types, and to assess the factors affecting body image. The body image of 22 individuals undergoing inpatient treatment with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN-R), 22 with binge/purge AN (AN-B/P), 20 with bulimia nervosa (BN), and 41 healthy controls was assessed using the Contour Drawing Rating Scale (CDRS), the CABI, which simulated the participants' self-image in different levels of weight changes, and the Eating Disorder Inventory-2-Body Dissatisfaction (EDI-2-BD) scale...
October 29, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788956/a-study-of-pseudoprogression-after-spine-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#15
Houda Bahig, Dany Simard, Laurent Létourneau, Philip Wong, David Roberge, Edith Filion, David Donath, Arjun Sahgal, Laura Masucci
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of pseudoprogression (PP) after spine stereotactic body radiation therapy based on a detailed and quantitative assessment of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) morphologic tumor alterations, and to identify predictive factors distinguishing PP from local recurrence (LR). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective analysis of 35 patients with 49 spinal segments treated with spine stereotactic body radiation therapy, from 2009 to 2014, was conducted...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788952/comparison-of-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-clinical-target-volume-contours-at-brachytherapy-for%C3%A2-cervical-cancer
#16
Cameron W Swanick, Katherine O Castle, Sastry Vedam, Mark F Munsell, Lehendrick M Turner, Gaiane M Rauch, Anuja Jhingran, Patricia J Eifel, Ann H Klopp
PURPOSE: We prospectively compared computed tomography (CT)- and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV) contours at the time of brachytherapy for cervical cancer in an effort to identify patients who might benefit most from MRI-based planning. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty-seven patients who had undergone a pretreatment diagnostic MRI scan were included in the analysis. We delineated the HR-CTV on the brachytherapy CT and brachytherapy MRI scans independently for each patient...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783016/comprehensive-body-contouring-theory-and-practice
#17
Alan Matarasso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782732/flexible-radioluminescence-imaging-for-fdg-guided-surgery
#18
Martin T King, Cesare H Jenkins, Conroy Sun, Colin M Carpenter, Xiaowei Ma, Kai Cheng, Quynh-Thu Le, John B Sunwoo, Zhen Cheng, Guillem Pratx, Lei Xing
PURPOSE: Flexible radioluminescence imaging (Flex-RLI) is an optical method for imaging (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid tumors. The authors hypothesize that a gadolinium oxysulfide: terbium (GOS:Tb) flexible scintillator, which loosely conforms to the body contour, can enhance tumor signal-to-background ratio (SBR) compared with RLI, which utilizes a flat scintillator. The purpose of this paper is to characterize flex-RLI with respect to alternative modalities including RLI, beta-RLI (RLI with gamma rejection), and Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI)...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780812/the-impact-of-abdominal-contouring-with-monsplasty-on-sexual-function-and-urogenital-distress-in-women-following-massive-weight-loss
#19
Michael R Bykowski, J Peter Rubin, Jeffrey A Gusenoff
BACKGROUND: Monsplasty treats massive weight loss (MWL) patients with redundant tissues in the mons region. Monsplasty, however, is not a routine component of abdominal contouring. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the changes in urinary and sexual functioning in patients who undergo abdominal contouring with monsplasty vs non-operated controls. METHODS: A prospective study was performed of patients who underwent abdominal contouring + monsplasty or no surgery...
October 25, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771259/implementation-of-national-body-contouring-surgery-guidelines-following-massive-weight-loss-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-commissioning-in-england
#20
Jonathan A Dunne, Justin C R Wormald, Reshma Ghedia, Mark Soldin
INTRODUCTION: National guidelines for commissioning of body contouring surgery (BCS) following massive weight loss (MWL) in England were published in 2014. Nearly three-quarters of patients who have MWL seek BCS; however, access is known to vary according to the region. The aim of national guidelines was to standardise access. The purpose of this study was to determine implementation of the national guidelines by clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) in England. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, web-based survey was sent to all CCG chairs in England...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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