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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780936/clinical-and-pathological-correlation-of-cotton-wool-spots-in-secondary-angle-closure-glaucoma
#1
Anand Bhatt, Christine Nguyen, Sameh Mosaed, Don Minckler
Purpose: Cotton Wool Spots (CWS) are a commonly described retinal finding in the posterior segment associated with an extensive number of systemic diseases. The appearance of a CWS in the setting of glaucoma has rarely been reported and has not been correlated with pathology to localized loss of the nerve fiber layer previously. In this case report, we augment a previous report of an 18 year old female with a diagnosis of low grade ciliary body melanoma. This patient experienced eventual mechanical angle closure with a CWS appearing in the posterior pole in the setting of acute elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP)...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767716/soft-tissue-contraction-in-body-contouring-with-radiofrequency-assisted-liposuction-a-treatment-gap-solution
#2
Spero J Theodorou, Daniel Del Vecchio, Christopher T Chia
Radiofrequency-assisted liposuction is a relatively new concept in energy-assisted body contouring techniques and has received instrument approval. This supplemental article reviews the clinical application of electromagnetic energy via the BodyTite (InMode Corporation, Toronto, Canada) device on soft tissues during suction lipectomy, its effect on soft tissue contraction, and its use in aesthetic body contouring in various clinical scenarios.
May 15, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764769/comparison-of-computed-tomography-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-imaging-based-clinical-target-volume-contours-in-cervical-cancer-brachytherapy
#3
Agnieszka Zolciak-Siwinska, Adam Kowalczyk, Katarzyna Sikorska, Michal Bijok, Wojciech Michalski, Ewelina Gruszczynska
PURPOSE: To compare CT- and MRI-based brachytherapy (BT) target volumes for patients with advanced cervical cancer so as to identify those who benefit most from MRI-based planning. We also studied how the natural mobility of the organ at risks (OARs) affects the given doses. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Subjects were 60 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Stage IB-IVA cervical cancer. The CT high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV) was first delineated, then the MRI HR-CTV, with volume discrepancies calculated by subtraction...
May 12, 2018: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763486/update-on-noninvasive-body-contouring-techniques
#4
Alexandra K Rzepecki, Aaron S Farberg, Peter W Hashim, Gary Goldenberg
Noninvasive body contouring is the fastest growing area of cosmetic dermatology. It entails the use of specific technology to optimize the definition, smoothness, and shape of the human body in a safe and effective manner. There are currently 4 leading modalities used for noninvasive body contouring: cryolipolysis, radiofrequency, high-intensity focused ultrasound, and laser therapy. This article provides an overview of each modality.
April 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762259/precise-and-automatic-patient-positioning-in-computed-tomography-avatar-modeling-of-the-patient-surface-using-a-3-dimensional-camera
#5
Natalia Saltybaeva, Bernhard Schmidt, Andreas Wimmer, Thomas Flohr, Hatem Alkadhi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a 3-dimensional (3D) camera algorithm for automatic and individualized patient positioning based on body surface detection and to compare the results of the 3D camera with manual positioning performed by technologists in routinely obtained chest and abdomen computed tomography (CT) examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included data of 120 patients undergoing clinically indicated chest (n = 68) and abdomen (n = 52) CT...
May 14, 2018: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756323/primary-mediastinal-histiocytic-sarcoma-presenting-as-pleural-effusion
#6
Jie-Yang Jhuang, Wei-Yu Chen, Shih-Sung Chuang
Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare malignant neoplasm showing morphological and immunophenotypic features of mature tissue histiocytes. As HS may mimic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) pathologically, before the era of immunohistochemistry, many previously reported cases were misdiagnosed NHL. Up to date, there are only a few reports delineating the cytological features in fine-needle aspiration or bronchoalveolar lavage, but not in the effusion fluid yet. Herein, we report the case of a 61-year-old male with a mediastinal tumor presenting with malignant pleural effusion...
May 13, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750699/implementation-of-closed-loop-assisted-intra-operative-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-during-major-abdominal-surgery-a-case-control-study-with-propensity-matching
#7
Alexandre Joosten, Sean Coeckelenbergh, Amelie Delaporte, Brigitte Ickx, Jean Closset, Thierry Roumeguere, Luc Barvais, Luc Van Obbergh, Maxime Cannesson, Joseph Rinehart, Philippe Van der Linden
BACKGROUND: Goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) has been associated with improved patient outcomes. However, implementation of GDFT protocols remains low despite growing published evidence and the recommendations of multiple regulatory bodies in Europe. We developed a closed-loop-assisted GDFT management system linked to a pulse contour monitor to assist anaesthesiologists in applying GDFT. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of our closed-loop system in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery in an academic hospital without a GDFT programme...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748100/impact-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-on-gross-tumor-volume-delineation-in-non-spine-bony-metastasis-treated-with-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#8
Srinivas Raman, Lee Chin, Darby Erler, Eshetu G Atenafu, Patrick Cheung, William Chu, Hans Chung, Andrew Loblaw, Ian Poon, Joel Rubenstein, Hany Soliman, Arjun Sahgal, Chia-Lin Tseng
PURPOSE: This study investigates the inter-observer variability of contouring non-spine bone metastases using the planning CT alone vs. the addition of MRI T1 and T2 imaging sequences. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 10 cases of non-spine bone metastases treated with SBRT at our institution were selected. The gross tumor volume (GTV) for each case was delineated by six SBRT radiation oncologists (RO) and one diagnostic radiologist (DR) on the treatment planning CT. After a minimum of three months, each case was re-contoured on the CT fused with a MRI T1 sequence followed by a MRI T2 sequence...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745269/biophysical-and-photobiological-basics-of-water-filtered-infrared-a-hyperthermia-of-superficial-tumors
#9
Peter Vaupel, Helmut Piazena, Werner Müller, Markus Notter
Thermography-controlled, water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) is a novel, effective and approved heating technique listed in the ESHO quality assurance guidelines for superficial hyperthermia clinical trials (2017). In order to assess the special features and the potential of wIRA-hyperthermia (wIRA-HT), detailed and updated information about its physical and photobiological background is presented. wIRA allows for (a) application of high irradiances without skin pain and acute grade 2-4 skin toxicities, (b) prolonged, therapeutically relevant exposure times using high irradiances (150-200 mW/cm2 ) and (c) faster and deeper heat extension within tissues...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734405/effects-of-cryolipolysis-on-abdominal-adiposity-of-women
#10
P F Meyer, A C G Furtado, S F T Morais, L G de Araujo Neto, R M Valentim da Silva, R Marcel, M L Medeiros, C A Maciel de Queiroz
  BACKGROUND: The cryolipolysis is on the spotlight as a non-invasive method which reduces fat layer thickness with no damage to surrounding tissues. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to verify the effectiveness of cryolipolysis in the reduction of localized adiposity in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an experimental study, without a control group, with pre- and post- treatment evaluation through a single application on the lower abdominal area. SETTING: Research conducted in the period from July to December 2015 at the University Potiguar...
September 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733103/improvement-in-abdominal-and-flank-contouring-by-a-novel-adipocyte-selective-non-contact-radiofrequency-device
#11
Sun Young Choi, Young Jae Kim, So Yeon Kim, Woo Jin Lee, Sung Eun Chang, Mi Woo Lee, Jee Ho Choi, Chonghyun Won
BACKGROUND: The demand for undergoing subcutaneous fat reduction has been gradually increasing, and there are many methods and devices for performing non-surgical and non-invasive fat reduction, such as high-intensity focused ultrasound, cryolipolysis, radiofrequency (RF) devices, and lasers. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a novel adipocyte-selective non-contact RF device for improving abdominal contouring in Asian subjects. METHODS: Twenty-four Asian subjects with abundant subcutaneous abdominal and love handle fat tissues were enrolled in this prospective clinical study...
May 7, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731654/synergistic-effects-of-combined-therapy-nonfocused-ultrasound-plus-aussie-current-for-noninvasive-body-contouring
#12
Vivianne Carvalho Canela, Cinthia Nicoletti Crivelaro, Luciane Zacchi Ferla, Gisele Marques Pelozo, Juliana Azevedo, Richard Eloin Liebano, Caroline Nogueira, Renata Michelini Guidi, Clóvis Grecco, Estela Sant'Ana
Background and objectives: Nowadays, there are several noninvasive technologies being used for improving of body contouring. The objectives of this pilot study were to verify the effectiveness of the Heccus® device, emphasizing the synergism between nonfocused ultrasound plus Aussie current in the improvement of body contour, and to determine if the association of this therapy with whole-body vibration exercises can have additional positive effects in the results of the treatments. Subjects and methods: Twenty healthy women aged 20-40 years participated in the study...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730777/closed-incision-negative-pressure-therapy-cinpt-reduces-minor-local-complications-in-post-bariatric-abdominoplasty-body-contouring-a-retrospective-case-control-series
#13
Silvio Abatangelo, Elisabetta Saporiti, Giorgio Giatsidis
BACKGROUND: Over 30% of the US population is obese and nearly 300,000 patients undergo bariatric surgery every year. Patients seeking body-contouring procedures face a staggering rate of surgical complications caused by obesity-associated systemic and local factors impairing wound healing. Closed incision negative-pressure therapy (ciNPT) systems could improve surgical outcomes in these patients. Here, we tested this hypothesis in a retrospective case-control series of post-bariatric patients undergoing an abdominoplasty...
May 5, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710318/a-3-dimensional-printed-short-segment-template-prototype-for-mandibular-fracture-repair
#14
Parul Sinha, Gary Skolnick, Kamlesh B Patel, Gregory H Branham, John J Chi
Importance: After reduction of complex mandibular fractures, contouring of the fracture plates to fixate the reduced mandibular segments can be time-consuming. Objective: To explore the potential application of a 3-dimensional (3-D)-printed short-segment mandibular template in the management of complex mandibular fractures. Design, Setting, and Participants: A feasibility study was performed at a tertiary academic center using maxillofacial computed tomography data of 3 patients with comminuted mandibular fractures who required preoperative planning with a perfected complete mandible model...
April 26, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686207/a-new-and-four-known-species-of-diphtherophora-nematoda-diphtherophoridae-from-iran-with-a-diagnostic-compendium-of-its-species
#15
Reza Ghaderi, Leila Kashi, Hossein Mirbabaei Karani, Akbar Karegar
A new and four known species of the genus Diphtherophora-D. geraerti sp. n., D. caudata, D. obesa, D. perplexans and D. tenera-were collected and identified from different plants and localities in Iran. Morphological and morphometric characters of Diphtherophora geraerti sp. n. are compared with those of closely-related species, including D. siddiqii, D. brevicollis, D. lata, D. obesa, D. citri, D. vasilevi and D. vitoshae. Females of the new species have a head continuous with the body contour, spear 11-14 µm in length, rod-shaped spermatozoa and conical tail with bluntly rounded to hemispherical terminus...
December 18, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678414/breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy
#16
Thierry Tondu, Wiebren A A Tjalma, Filip E F Thiessen
Reconstructive surgery aims to improve quality of life by recreating a natural-looking breast that is warm to the touch. To obtain symmetry and body contour alignment, restoration of volume within the skin envelope is mandatory. The chosen reconstruction technique depends on the characteristics of the diseased breast, the shape and volume of the contralateral breast, and the technical skills of the surgical team. Timing, type and different possibilities of breast reconstruction are discussed.
April 14, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668508/ultrasound-and-plastic-surgery-clinical-applications-of-the-newest-technology
#17
John P Miller, Martin J Carney, Soobin Lim, John T Lindsey
BACKGROUND: Color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) has not been routinely used in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Barriers to use have included large, cumbersome equipment, low-definition images, cost, and availability. In addition, programs in plastic surgery have not included training with ultrasound (US); thus, many current-day practitioners are unfamiliar with and reluctant to use this technology. Nevertheless, recent studies have demonstrated the utility of US in surgical planning. With the miniaturization, clearer imaging, and decreased costs of the latest US technology, previous barriers to use have largely been eliminated...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664825/outcomes-analysis-of-chief-cosmetic-clinic-over-13-years
#18
Nicholas J Walker, John C Crantford, Megan A Rudolph, Lisa R David
BACKGROUND: Adequate resident training in aesthetic surgery has become increasingly important with rising demand. Chief resident aesthetic clinics allow hands on experience with an appropriate amount of autonomy. The purpose of this study was to compare resident cosmetic clinic outcomes to those reported in the literature. Furthermore, we sought to assess how effective these clinics can be in preparing residents in performing common aesthetic surgery procedures. METHOD: A retrospective chart review of 326 patients and 714 aesthetic procedures in our chief cosmetic clinic over a 13-year period was performed, and complication and revision rates were recorded...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652765/using-the-body-q-to-understand-impact-of-weight-loss-excess-skin-and-the-need-for-body-contouring-following-bariatric-surgery
#19
Anne F Klassen, Manraj Kaur, Trisia Breitkopf, Achilles Thoma, Stefan Cano, Andrea Pusic
BACKGROUND: A consequence of bariatric surgery is redundant skin for most patients. We measured health-related quality of life and appearance following bariatric surgery in relation to weight loss, excess skin and need for body contouring. METHODS: The sample included participants from the BODY-Q field-test study recruited between November 2013 and July 2014 from a bariatric program in Canada. Participants were invited to complete BODY-Q scales and questions to assess weight loss, amount of excess skin and need for body contouring, between 7 June 2016 and 29 November 2016...
March 28, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649200/hypercalcemia-in-a-bodybuilder-with-cosmetic-silicone-injections
#20
Majdi Hamadeh, Jawad Fares, Khalil Maatouk, Mohamad Darwish
Granulomatous hypercalcemia due to silicone injections is a rare disease with scarce literature. We present a case of a 35-year-old Caucasian male bodybuilder with multiple silicone injections in his upper extremities who developed hypercalcemia and urinary symptoms. He necessitated two sessions of dialysis. A biopsy of the upper arm showed granulomatous tissue. Corticosteroids were administered to relieve symptoms and reverse laboratory abnormalities. Silicone-induced hypercalcemia should be on high alert because of the increasing trend of body contour enhancements with injections, implants and fillers...
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
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