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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634702/rectus-abdominis-fat-transfer-raft-in-lipoabdominoplasty-a-new-technique-to-achieve-fitness-body-contour-in-patients-that-require-tummy-tuck
#1
Stefan Danilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique to achieve a fit-look in lipoabdominoplasty patients through liposculpture and rectus abdominis fat transfer (RAFT). METHODS: Patients with a body mass index under 26 and of both genders scheduled for abdominoplasty or body lift were selected for this procedure. Fat was transferred directly to the rectus abdominis muscle after flap elevation during lipoabdominoplasty. RESULTS: A total of 26 patients were operated on with this technique...
June 20, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633959/characterization-of-the-superior-olivary-complex-of-canis-lupus-domesticus
#2
Tatiana Fech, Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Randy J Kulesza
The superior olivary complex (SOC) is a collection of brainstem auditory nuclei which play essential roles in the localization of sound sources, temporal coding of vocalizations and descending modulation of the cochlea. Notwithstanding, the SOC nuclei vary considerably between species in accordance with the auditory needs of the animal. The canine SOC was subjected to anatomical and physiological examination nearly 50 years ago and was then virtually forgotten. Herein, we aimed to characterize the nuclei of the canine SOC using quantitative morphometrics, estimation of neuronal number, histochemistry for perineuronal nets and immunofluorescence for the calcium binding proteins calbindin and calretinin...
June 15, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628686/off-face-usage-of-poly-l-lactic-acid-for-body-rejuvenation
#3
Ahmad Jabbar, Suleima Arruda, Neil Sadick
<p>Injectable soft-tissue augmentation agents have become popular alternatives to surgical procedures for the aging face and body. In contrast to temporary, space-occupying replacement fillers such as collagen-based and hyaluronic acid products, poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) has been demonstrated to gradually promotes deposition of collagen via a biostimulatory response, with therapeutic effects lasting approximately two years. In 2004, the FDA approved its use for rejuvenation of facial contours secondary to lipoatrophy associated with antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628684/megasessions-efficacy-of-fewer-longer-treatment-sessions-for-fat-reduction-in-noninvasive-body-contouring-using-a-radiofrequency-based-device
#4
Diane Duncan
<p>While the field of noninvasive body contouring is booming, many patients still note a lesser result than they might achieve with a single session of liposuction or dermolipectomy. The duration of a noninvasive fat reduction treatment series can be daunting. Patients have questioned the worth of these procedures when the expected benefit is modest and the time they devote to the project is significant. An eight-patient mini-study was performed to see if two or three "megasessions" could be substituted for eight weekly sessions of bipolar radiofrequency based fat reduction treatments...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625758/body-contouring-after-obesity-surgery-is-associated-with-a-weight-loss-benefit-among-patients
#5
Shailesh Agarwal, Deana Shenaq, Chad M Teven, Vivek Prachand, Michelle Roughton, Lawrence Zachary
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo obesity surgery often require body contouring procedures to eliminate excess skin. Recent studies suggest that body contouring surgery may provide psychological benefits to patients after obesity surgery. However, it remains unclear how body contouring may affect weight loss maintenance after obesity surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients who underwent obesity surgery with or without body contouring at a single institution from 2000 to 2005...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610335/rhigonema-naylae-n-sp-rhigonematomorpha-rhigonematidae-a-new-parasitic-nematode-from-a-japanese-polydesmid-millipede-polydesmida-xystodesmidae
#6
Jans Morffe, Koichi Hasegawa
Rhigonema naylae n. sp. (Rhigonematomorpha: Rhigonematidae) is described from the hindgut of the polydesmid millipede Parafontaria laminata (Attems, 1909) (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae), from Aichi prefecture, Japan. The new species is characterized by having a medium sized body in both sexes, the cephalic collar partially fused to the body cuticle, but not overhanging the body contour; cervical region densely covered in short, fine microtrichs that extend from the posterior margin of the cephalic collar to ca...
May 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604545/gluteal-augmentation-with-intramuscular-implants-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-with-lipoatrophy-related-to-the-use-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#7
Guilherme Augusto Andrade, Pedro Soler Coltro, Mário Eduardo Barros, Bruno Francisco Müller Neto, Renan Victor Lima, Jayme Adriano Farina
INTRODUCTION: Lipodystrophy syndrome associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may lead to low self-esteem and poor compliance with the drug treatment on patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which is a matter of concern for the health system. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients with HIV submitted to gluteal augmentation with intramuscular silicone implants to correct gluteal lipoatrophy related to the use of HAART. METHODS: This is a retrospective evaluation of 10 patients submitted to gluteal augmentation with intramuscular silicone implant for correction of gluteal lipoatrophy related to the use of HAART, operated between 2012 and 2015...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600616/utilization-of-body-contouring-procedures-following-weight-loss-surgery-a-study-of-37-806-patients
#8
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Jihye Park, David Novikov, Lijuan Kang, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Andrew Bates, Mark Talamini, Aurora Pryor
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has substantial health benefits; however, some patients desire body contouring (BC) procedures following rapid weight loss. There is a paucity of data regarding the true rate of BC following bariatric procedures. The purpose of our study is to examine the utilization of two common procedures, abdominoplasty, and panniculectomy, following bariatric surgery in New York State. METHODS: The SPARCS longitudinal administrative database was used to identify bariatric procedures by using ICD-9 and CPT codes between 2004 and 2010...
June 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600269/gait-recognition-based-on-normal-distance-maps
#9
Hazem El-Alfy, Ikuhisa Mitsugami, Yasushi Yagi
Gait is a commonly used biometric for human recognition. Its main advantage relies on its ability to identify people at distances at which other biometrics fail. In this paper, we develop a new approach for gait recognition that combines the distance transform with curvatures of local contours. We call our gait feature template the normal distance map. Our method encodes both body shapes and boundary curvatures into a novel feature descriptor that is more robust than existing gait representations. We evaluate our approach on the widely used and challenging USF and CASIA-B datasets...
June 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593613/effects-of-distributional-information-on-categorization-of-prosodic-contours
#10
Chigusa Kurumada, Meredith Brown, Michael K Tanenhaus
Although prosody clearly affects the interpretation of utterances, the mapping between prosodic representations and acoustic features is highly variable. Listeners may in part cope with this variability by adapting to distributions of acoustic features in the input. We examined whether listeners adapt to distributional changes using the construction It looks like an X. When pronounced with an H* pitch accent on the final noun and a low boundary tone, the construction supports an affirmative interpretation (e...
June 7, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587082/natural-products-as-alternative-choices-for-p-glycoprotein-p-gp-inhibition
#11
REVIEW
Saikat Dewanjee, Tarun K Dua, Niloy Bhattacharjee, Anup Das, Moumita Gangopadhyay, Ritu Khanra, Swarnalata Joardar, Muhammad Riaz, Vincenzo De Feo, Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is regarded as one of the bottlenecks of successful clinical treatment for numerous chemotherapeutic agents. Multiple key regulators are alleged to be responsible for MDR and making the treatment regimens ineffective. In this review, we discuss MDR in relation to P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and its down-regulation by natural bioactive molecules. P-gp, a unique ATP-dependent membrane transport protein, is one of those key regulators which are present in the lining of the colon, endothelial cells of the blood brain barrier (BBB), bile duct, adrenal gland, kidney tubules, small intestine, pancreatic ducts and in many other tissues like heart, lungs, spleen, skeletal muscles, etc...
May 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580383/resection-of-granulomatous-tissue-resolves-silicone-induced-hypercalcemia
#12
Beatrice J Edwards, Smita Saraykar, Ming Sun, William A Murphy, Pei Lin, Robert Gagel
Because of the increasing trend of body contour enhancements with injections, implants, and fillers, clinicians should be on high alert for the possibility of silicone-induced hypercalcemia as one of the differential diagnoses in a patient with history of silicone use. Hypercalcemia as a result of silicone injections has been reported, and there is concern that there will be more cases given the popularity of cosmetic silicone. Cases involved a mother and daughter (70 & 55 years) who presented in 2013 with hypercalcemia after cosmetic silicone injections in 2007...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572514/cell-surface-copper-transporters-and-superoxide-dismutase-1-are-essential-for-outgrowth-during-fungal-spore-germination
#13
Samuel Plante, Vincent Normant, Karla M Ramos-Torres, Simon Labbe
During fungal spore germination, a resting spore returns to a conventional mode of cell division and resumes vegetative growth, but the requirements for spore germination are incompletely understood. Here, we show that copper is essential for spore germination in Schizosaccharomyces pombe Germinating spores develop a single germ tube that emerges from the outer spore wall in a process called outgrowth. Under low copper conditions, the copper transporters Ctr4 and Ctr5 are maximally expressed at the onset of outgrowth...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571622/reprint-of-development-of-methods-for-avian-oil-toxicity-studies-using-the-double-crested-cormorant-phalacrocorax-auritus
#14
Fred Cunningham, Karen Dean, Katie Hanson-Dorr, Kendal Harr, Kate Healy, Katherine Horak, Jane Link, Susan Shriner, Steven Bursian, Brian Dorr
Oral and external dosing methods replicating field exposure were developed using the double crested cormorant (DCCO) to test the toxicity of artificially weathered Deepwater Horizon Mississippi Canyon 252 oil. The majority of previous oil dosing studies conducted on wild-caught birds used gavage methods to dose birds with oil and determine toxicity. However, rapid gut transit time of gavaged oil likely reduces oil absorption. In the present studies, dosing relied on injection of oil into live feeder fish for oral dosing of these piscivorous birds, or applying oil to body contour feathers resulting in transdermal oil exposure and oral exposure through preening...
May 29, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569361/hypertrophic-scars-are-vitamins-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-related-with-the-pathophysiology-of-wound-healing
#15
Inês Correia-Sá, Paula Serrão, Marisa Marques, Maria A Vieira-Coelho
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic scars are a consequence of wound healing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to evaluate vitamin D and inflammatory biomarker plasma levels during wound healing. METHODS: A prospective study was performed in patients (n = 63) submitted to body contouring surgery. Blood samples were collected before (t 0) and 5 days after surgery (t 5). Blood cell count, protein inflammatory biomarkers, and circulating plasma levels of 25(OH)D, vitamin A and vitamin E were quantified...
June 1, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567473/body-contouring-after-massive-weight-loss-a-personal-integrated-approach
#16
Manuel Maia, Diana Costa Santos
BACKGROUND: After massive weight loss, patients typically presented with skin redundancy, which causes enormous esthetic, physical, medical and psychological problems. The growing number of patients with these sequelae triggered an increase in the search for body contouring procedures, which in turn produced an important development in the post-bariatric reconstructive surgery. METHODS: The author describes the principles of a personal approach in post-bariatric reconstructive surgery...
May 31, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545600/hydrocarbon-assessment-and-prediction-due-to-the-gulf-war-oil-disaster-north-kuwait
#17
Yohannes Yihdego, Radwan A Al-Weshah
  Oil spill in the Gulf was the biggest disaster in history. The scale of damage was enormous, ranging from destruction caused by oil fires and oil spills, to economic decline for the Kuwaiti oil industry. The transport modelling of the freshwater aquifers in north Kuwait was undertaken to assess potential remediation scenarios using the MODFLOW-SURFACT numerical code. Three interlinked models were calibrated: flow, density (salinity), and transport. The model domain is a subregional area encompassing the Al-Raudhatain and Umm Al-Aish Basins...
June 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543777/efficacy-and-safety-of-non-invasive-body-tightening-with-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-hifu
#18
E J Ko, J Y Hong, T-R Kwon, E J Choi, Y-J Jang, S Y Choi, K H Yoo, S Y Kim, B J Kim
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive skin-tightening devices have become increasingly popular in response to increasing demand for improvements in skin laxity and tightening with minimal risk and recovery time. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of HIFU for skin tightening in the face and body. METHODS: A total of 32 Korean subjects enrolled in this prospective clinical trial. The subjects were treated with HIFU to both cheeks, lower abdomen, and thigh...
May 22, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542544/development-and-characterization-of-an-experimental-model-of-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rabbit
#19
Oscar Julián Arias-Mutis, Vannina G Marrachelli, Amparo Ruiz-Saurí, Antonio Alberola, Jose Manuel Morales, Luis Such-Miquel, Daniel Monleon, Francisco J Chorro, Luis Such, Manuel Zarzoso
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has become one of the main concerns for public health because of its link to cardiovascular disease. Murine models have been used to study the effect of MetS on the cardiovascular system, but they have limitations for studying cardiac electrophysiology. In contrast, the rabbit cardiac electrophysiology is similar to human, but a detailed characterization of the different components of MetS in this animal is still needed. Our objective was to develop and characterize a diet-induced experimental model of MetS that allows the study of cardiovascular remodeling and arrhythmogenesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538559/a-review-of-101-consecutive-subcutaneous-mastectomies-and-male-chest-contouring-using-the-concentric-circular-and-free-nipple-graft-techniques-in-female-to-male-transgender-patients
#20
Aaron D C Knox, Adelyn L Ho, Leslie Leung, Sally Hynes, A Yashar Tashakkor, Yoon Soo Park, Sheina A Macadam, Cameron C Bowman
BACKGROUND: Many techniques exist for subcutaneous mastectomy in female-to-male transgender patients. The authors review outcomes for two techniques and present an algorithm to aid surgeons in technique selection. METHODS: One hundred one consecutive female-to-male transgender patients undergoing subcutaneous mastectomy using the concentric circular or free nipple graft technique were retrospectively reviewed. An algorithm for procedure selection was created using classification and regression tree analysis...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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