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Library science

Jinbo Chen, Uwe Scholz, Ruonan Zhou, Matthias Lange
In order to access and filter content of life-science databases, full text search is a widely applied query interface. But its high flexibility and intuitiveness is paid for with potentially imprecise and incomplete query results. To reduce this drawback, query assistance systems suggest those combinations of keywords with the highest potential to match most of the relevant data records. Widespread approaches are syntactic query corrections that avoid misspelling and support expansion of words by suffixes and prefixes...
March 12, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Jian-Ying Zhang, Yan Liu, Hong-Yan Liu, Long Chen, Dai-Wen Su, Yun-Bing Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the recurrence rates of nonparasitic hepatic cysts that were treated with laparoscopy or open fenestration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wan-fang data, CNKI, CqVip, and CBM were searched for randomized controlled trials, cohort, and case-control studies that reported on the treatment of nonparasitic hepatic cysts with laparoscopy or with open fenestration. Studies that were published from the establishment of the databases to October 1, 2016 were retrieved...
March 9, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Wenke Cheng, Weijun Liu, Bin Li, Dongfang Li
BACKGROUND: Currently, it is considered that atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for cognitive impairment and dementia, which is independent of stroke. However, the relationship between anticoagulant drugs and cognitive function in patients with atrial fibrillation is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to complete a meta-analysis, and investigate the association between Anticoagulant therapy and cognitive impairment in patients undergoing AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two investigators systematically searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase databases and Web of Science for all studies showing associations...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Marianne Smith Edge, Mary Elizabeth Kunkel, Jennifer Schmidt, Constantina Papoutsakis
In the late 20th century, plant breeders began using molecular biology techniques such as recombinant DNA, also known as genetic engineering, along with traditional cross-breeding. Ten plant and one animal food have been approved for commercialization in the United States. Today, foods and ingredients from genetically engineered (GE) crops are present throughout the food supply, which has led to varying levels of acceptance. Much discussion exists among consumers and health professionals about the believability of statements made regarding benefits or risks of GE foods...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Manasi Murthy Mittinty, Amy Marshall, Gillian Harvey
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2013 WHO Global Forum on Innovation for Ageing Populations, disabilities and morbidities associated with ageing could be minimised by accessing preventive care. One way of improving the management of multimorbidity in the older population is through the provision of 'integrated care'. Although integrated care means different things to different people, it typically symbolises continuity in care, thus preventing older patients' from falling through gaps in the health care system...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Javad Heshmati, Reza Omani-Samani, Samira Vesali, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Maryam Razavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish
Recently, the effects of nutritional supplementation on improvement or prevention of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been considered. Several studies have been carried out on the effect of chromium supplementation in improving PCOS patients. This study aimed to summarize the available findings regarding the effect of chromium on improving the polycystic ovary syndrome. The review includes randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing chromium treatment with placebo or other treatments in women with PCOS...
March 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Erynne A Faucett, Jonnae Y Barry, Hilary C McCrary, Ahlam A Saleh, Audrey B Erman, Stacey L Ishman
Importance: To date, there have been no reports in the current literature regarding the use of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies in otolaryngology residency training. An evaluation may help educators address these core competencies in the training curriculum. Objectives: To examine the quantity and nature of otolaryngology residency training literature through a systematic review and to evaluate whether this literature aligns with the 6 core competencies...
March 8, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Huimin Tao, Yafeng Li, Tingting Wang, Changhui Zhou
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of umbilical cord blood stem cells (USCs) transplantation combined with routine supportive therapy (RST) for liver cirrhosis (LC). Materials and methods: Clinical trials involved in this research were searched from Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Wanfang and CNKI database. Treatment effects, quality of life (QoL), adverse events and other outcome measures were extracted and evaluated...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Wissam Shalish, Samantha Latremouille, Jesse Papenburg, Guilherme Mendes Sant'Anna
CONTEXT: A variety of extubation readiness tests have already been incorporated into clinical practice in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictor tests of successful extubation and determine their accuracy compared with clinical judgement alone. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched between 1984 and June 2016. Studies evaluating predictors of extubation success during a period free of mechanical inflations in infants less than 37 weeks' gestation were included...
March 8, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Gianluca Tomasello, Sandro Barni, Luca Turati, Michele Ghidini, Ezio Pezzica, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Fausto Petrelli
CDX2 is a homeobox gene encoding transcriptional factors for intestinal organogenesis and represents a specific marker of colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRC) differentiation. We have evaluated if CDX2 expression is associated with better overall and disease-free survival (OS and DFS) in patients with CRC. PubMed, SCOPUS, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, and Web of Science (from inception to July 2017) were systematically reviewed for relevant studies on adult patients with CRC where OS and DFS were calculated according to CDX2 expression in uni- or multivariate analysis were included...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Mohammed S Al-Omary, Allan J Davies, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Bruce Bastian, Peter J Fletcher, John Attia, Andrew J Boyle
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a common, costly condition with an increasing burden on Australian health care system resources. Knowledge of the burden of HF on patients and on the health system is important for resource allocation. This study is the first systematic review to estimate the mortality and readmission rates after hospitalisation for HF in the Australian population. METHODS: We searched for studies of HF hospitalisation in Australia published between January 1990 and May 2016, using a systematic search of PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library databases...
February 5, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Aziz Rezapour, Saeed Bagheri Faradonbeh, Vahid Alipour, Mani Yusefvand
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyopathies is a group of heart diseases that directly affects the heart muscle, and their causes is not just high blood pressure, congenital and pericardial diseases but ischemic cardiomyopathy disease are also caused by vascular disorders, and to confirm the diagnosis, angiography is required. There are several methods for treating and controlling ischemic cardiomyopathy in world health systems and especially in the Iran health system, which include medical treatment, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ying Cheng, Bifeng Gao, Yuhao Jin, Na Xu, Taipin Guo
BACKGROUND: The common cold (CC) is the most common syndromes of infection in human beings, but there is currently no special treatment. For this reason, acupuncture is used to relieve the symptoms of the CC. Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy that has been used for over 2000 years to treat various diseases. However, few studies have provided evidence for the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for the CC. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture on CC periods and its symptoms...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lara M de A Coutinho, Wanderley M Bernardo, Rodrigo S Rocha, Fabio R Marinho, Aureo Delgado, Eduardo T H Moura, Sergio E Matuguma, Dalton Chaves, Tomazo A P Franzini, Paulo Sakai, Eduardo G H de Moura
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the treatment of acute biliary pancreatitis, in comparison with conservative treatment. METHODS: Systematic review via databases (MEDLINE [PubMed], Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, Embase, Cochrane Central, and the [Brazilian] Regional Library of Medicine) is conducted. We analyzed 10 randomized controlled trials (1091 patients)...
April 2018: Pancreas
Chengjun Sun, Jicheng Sun, Minmin Tan, Bo Hu, Xiang Gao, Jinlin Song
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this systematic review were to compare the incidence and intensity of postoperative pain after single-visit root canal treatment using manual, rotary and reciprocating instruments. METHODS: An extensive literature search in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science was performed to identify investigations that evaluated the effects of different instruments on post-endodontic pain. Meta-analyses and additional analyses, including subgroup and sensitivity analyses, were conducted...
March 7, 2018: Oral Diseases
Justyna O Ekert, Rebecca L Gould, Gemma Reynolds, Robert J Howard
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of tumour necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors (TNF-αI) on Alzheimer's disease-associated pathology. DESIGN: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library databases for human and animal studies that evaluated the use of TNF-αI was performed on 26 October 2016. RESULTS: The main outcomes assessed were cognition and behaviour, reduction in brain tissue mass, presence of plaques and tangles, and synaptic function...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Yizhong Peng, Yuenan Liu, Donghua Huang, Wei Huang, Zengwu Shao
PURPOSE: The association between TNF-α-308(G/A) and -238(G/A) polymorphisms and the susceptibility of non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (NONFH) was investigated in many studies with conflicting results. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between them comprehensively. METHODS: Relevant literatures published in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane library databases, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WANFANG Data, and China Science and Technology Journal Database (CSTJ) updated to January 30, 2018, were reviewed by two investigators independently...
March 7, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Mark Hofmeister, Ally Memedovich, Laura E Dowsett, Laura Sevick, Tamara McCarron, Eldon Spackman, Tania Stafinski, Devidas Menon, Tom Noseworthy, Fiona Clement
BACKGROUND: The aim of palliative care is to improve the quality of life of patients and families through the prevention and relief of suffering. Frequently, patients may choose to receive palliative care in the home. The objective of this paper is to summarize the quality and primary outcomes measured within the palliative care in the home literature. This will synthesize the current state of the literature and inform future work. METHODS: A scoping review was completed using PRISMA guidelines...
March 7, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
Tao Jiang, Xiaofeng Xu, Meng Qiao, Xuefei Li, Chao Zhao, Fei Zhou, Guanghui Gao, Fengying Wu, Xiaoxia Chen, Chunxia Su, Shengxiang Ren, Changyun Zhai, Caicun Zhou
BACKGROUND: CD73 is one of the critical component in the formation of immunosuppressive microenvironment in cancers. We aimed to provide an overview of the current status of CD73 expression and its relationship with clinicopathlogical features and prognosis in different cancers. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE and Cochrane library were searched to identify the relevant studies. CD73 expression level in distinct cancers and its relationship with clinicopathlogical characteristics and prognosis were investigated using online database...
March 7, 2018: BMC Cancer
Aileen Eugenia Scully, Edwin Choon Wyn Lim, Pei Pei Teow, Dawn May Leng Tan
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence regarding the diagnostic value of simple ancillary tests post cerebrospinal fluid drainage in normal pressure hydrocephalus. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane library databases; last searched on 12 September 2017. REVIEW METHODS: This review was performed applying the steps of the PRISMA statement. The QUADAS 2 tool was used to assess the risk of bias. Prospective and retrospective trials were systematically reviewed, and data on diagnostic accuracy were extracted...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
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