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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238692/management-of-pruritus-in-primary-biliary-cholangitis-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Hirsh D Trivedi, Blanca Lizaola, Elliot B Tapper, Alan Bonder
Primary biliary cholangitis is an autoimmune condition characterized by destruction of intrahepatic bile ducts. It causes debilitating symptoms, which dramatically affect the patient's quality of life. Pruritus affects 60% to 70% of individuals with primary biliary cholangitis and leads to sleep disturbances, fatigue, depression and suicidal ideation. A complete search was done with studies from PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane database, Countway library and CINAHL with specific search terms. This narrative review was prepared after a comprehensive literature review...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238103/association-between-overweight-obesity-and-periodontal-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
L Martens, S De Smet, M Y P M Yusof, S Rajasekharan
AIM: To provide a systematic review and meta-analyses investigating the association between overweight/obesity as defined by Body Mass Index (BMI) and periodontal disease in terms of clinical periodontal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted by two authors (SR and SD) independently in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science (ISI), Scopus, Scielo, Lilacs and System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe (SIGLE) for full articles published until September 2015...
February 25, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236962/the-effectiveness-and-cost-of-lifestyle-interventions-including-nutrition-education-for-diabetes-prevention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Yu Sun, Wen You, Fabio Almeida, Paul Estabrooks, Brenda Davy
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a significant public health concern. With the completion of the Diabetes Prevention Program, there has been a proliferation of studies attempting to translate this evidence base into practice. However, the cost, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of these adapted interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis to synthesize the effectiveness, cost, and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle diabetes prevention interventions and compare effects by intervention delivery agent (dietitian vs non-dietitian) and channel (in-person vs technology-delivered)...
March 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236651/intravenous-fluid-rate-for-reduction-of-cesarean-delivery-rate-in-nulliparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Robert M Ehsanipoor, Gabriele Saccone, Neil S Seligman, Rebecca Pierce-Williams, Andrea Ciardulli, Vincenzo Berghella
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine have emphasized the need to promote vaginal delivery and have offered recommendations to safely prevent primary cesarean delivery. However, there has been limited discussion regarding management of intravenous fluids and other aspects of labor management that may influence labor. Therefore the aim of our study was to determine if an intravenous fluid rate of 250 vs 125 mL/hour is associated with a difference in cesarean delivery rate MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches were performed in Medline, OVID, Scopus, ClinicalTrials...
February 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236648/molecular-assays-for-the-diagnosis-of-sepsis-in-neonates
#5
REVIEW
Mohan Pammi, Angela Flores, James Versalovic, Mariska Mg Leeflang
BACKGROUND: Microbial cultures for diagnosis of neonatal sepsis have low sensitivity and reporting delay. Advances in molecular microbiology have fostered new molecular assays that are rapid and may improve neonatal outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of various molecular methods for the diagnosis of culture-positive bacterial and fungal sepsis in neonates and to explore heterogeneity among studies by analyzing subgroups classified by gestational age and type of sepsis onset and compare molecular tests with one another...
February 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236201/indoor-air-quality-in-public-utility-environments-a-review
#6
Monika Śmiełowska, Mariusz Marć, Bożena Zabiegała
Indoor air quality has been the object of interest for scientists and specialists from the fields of science such as chemistry, medicine and ventilation system design. This results from a considerable number of potential factors, which may influence the quality of the broadly understood indoor air in a negative way. Poor quality of indoor air in various types of public utility buildings may significantly affect an increase in the incidence of various types of civilisation diseases. This paper presents information about a broad spectrum of chemical compounds that were identified and determined in the indoor environment of various types of public utility rooms such as churches, museums, libraries, temples and hospitals...
February 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235670/comparison-of-endoscopic-and-conventional-open-thyroidectomy-for-graves-disease-a-meta-analysis
#7
Yichao Zhang, Zhiyong Dong, Jinyi Li, Jingge Yang, Wah Yang, Cunchuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite experience with the use of endoscopic surgical technology, there is controversy over the role of endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET) for Graves' disease (GD). This study aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the cosmetic and safety outcomes of ET versus conventional open thyroidectomy (OT) for GD with respect to short-term consequences. METHODS: We searched the following English language databases (Ovid MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library), and Chinese language databases (CNKI, CBMdisc, and SinoMed) between January 1996 and November 2015...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231287/effect-of-high-dose-rosuvastatin-loading-before-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-chinese-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Ziliang Ye, Haili Lu, Qiang Su, Wenqin Guo, Weiran Dai, Hongqing Li, Huafeng Yang, Lang Li
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important disease threatening human life and health. Many studies have shown that the loading dose of atorvastatin can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with ACS, and reduce the mortality. However, this conclusion is not consistent. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effect of high-dose rosuvastatin loading before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Chinese patients with ACS using a meta-analysis based on a systematic review of published articles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229924/outcomes-in-adults-and-children-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-requiring-dialysis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#9
Gloria Ashuntantang, Charlotte Osafo, Wasiu A Olowu, Fatiu Arogundade, Abdou Niang, John Porter, Saraladevi Naicker, Valerie A Luyckx
BACKGROUND: The burden of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in sub-Saharan Africa is unknown but is probably high. Access to dialysis for ESKD is limited by insufficient infrastructure and catastrophic out-of-pocket costs. Most patients remain undiagnosed, untreated, and die. We did a systematic literature review to assess outcomes of patients who reach dialysis and the quality of dialysis received. METHODS: We searched PubMed, African Journals Online, WHO Global Health Library, and Web of Science for articles in English or French from sub-Saharan Africa reporting dialysis outcomes in patients with ESKD published between Jan 1, 1990, and Dec 22, 2015...
February 17, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228371/dance-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-what-do-we-know-about-it-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#10
Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Angela J Busch, Suelen M Goes, Soo Kim, Emily Knight
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread muscular tenderness, pain, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties. Nonpharmacological treatment options, such as physical activity, are important for people with fibromyalgia. There are strong recommendations to support engagement in physical activity for symptom management among adults with fibromyalgia. Dance is a mode of physical activity that may allow individuals with fibromyalgia to improve their physical function, health, and well-being...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228347/effect-of-hyaluronic-acid-on-the-regulation-of-inflammatory-mediators-in-osteoarthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
V Iturriaga, T Bornhardt, C Manterola, P Brebi
Osteoarthritis is one of the most frequent pathologies affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). There is evidence that the use of intra-articular hyaluronic acid (HA) for the treatment of this disorder achieves positive effects through a reduction in inflammatory mediators. A systematic review of the available evidence regarding the regulation of inflammatory mediators when applying HA in osteoarthritis of the TMJ in humans was performed. The Web of Science, Embase, ScienceDirect, MEDLINE, Scopus, EBSCOhost, and LILACS databases, SciELO library, and search engine Trip Database were searched systematically...
February 19, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225501/the-effect-of-induction-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-who-received-chemoradiotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Hui Luo, Xinshuang Yu, Ning Liang, Jian Xie, Guodong Deng, Qiqi Liu, Jingxin Zhang, Jiandong Zhang, Hong Ge
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and toxicity of induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in patients with locally advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unclear, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published papers to quantitatively evaluate the potential benefit of induction chemotherapy. METHODS: Eligible studies of induction chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy were retrieved through extensive searches of the PubMed, Science Direct, Embase, and Cochrane library databases from 1994 to 2015...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225440/the-effect-of-different-exercise-programs-on-size-and-function-of-deep-cervical-flexor-muscles-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Somayeh Amiri Arimi, Mohammad Ali Mohseni Bandpei, Khodabakhsh Javanshir, Asghar Rezasoltani, Akbar Biglarian
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is one of the major public health problems, which has a great impact on people's lives. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to systematically review published studies conducted on the effect of different exercise programs on activity, size, endurance, and strength of deep cervical flexor (DCF) muscles in patients with chronic neck pain. METHODS: The PubMed, Science Direct, OVID, Google scholar, Cochrane Library, and Physiotherapy Evidence Databases were searched to determine relevant articles published from 1990 to March 2016...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223049/outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-and-stents-for-unprotected-left-main-coronary-stenosis
#14
Yin-Shu Chang, Jia-Xiang Wang, Da-Wei Chang
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the short-, medium-, and long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting vs stenting for patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease through a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and major conference proceedings databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials of coronary artery bypass grafting compared with stents in unprotected left main coronary artery disease...
February 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222798/fracture-risk-in-dialysis-and-kidney-transplanted-patients-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Aboubacar Sidibé, Lynne Moore, Sonia Jean, Fabrice Mac-Way
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increased risk of fracture and cardiovascular mortality. The risk of fracture in hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD), and kidney transplantation (KT) is higher when compared to the general population. However, uncertainties remain about which group has the highest risk of fracture. We aim to identify the risk of fracture and cardiovascular mortality post-fracture in HD compared to PD or KT and in PD compared to KT population...
February 22, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222709/combined-application-versus-topical-and-intravenous-application-of-tranexamic-acid-following-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#16
Pei Zhang, Yuan Liang, Pengtao Chen, Yongchao Fang, Jinshan He, Jingcheng Wang
BACKGROUND: The use of intravenous (IV) or topical tranexamic acid (TXA) in total hip arthroplasty has been proven to be effective and safe in total hip arthroplasty. However, which of these two administration routes is better has not been determined. The combined administration of TXA has been used in total knee arthroplasty with satisfactory results. We hypothesized that combined application of TXA may be the most effective way without increased rate of thrombotic events such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolisms (PE) in patients subjected to primary total hip replacement (THA)...
February 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222570/communication-vulnerable-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#17
Lavoisier Leite Neto, Ana Carolina Constantini, Regina Yu Shon Chun
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) exhibits speech disorders since the early stages that decrease the communication rate and interfere in social participation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on communication vulnerable and Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. METHOD: Descriptors of the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) were used: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Health Vulnerability, Communication Barriers, Nonverbal Communication, and Communication Aids for Disabled...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222074/integrative-review-on-the-effectiveness-of-internet-based-interactive-programs-for-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-treatment
#18
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Internet-based interactive programs have been developed to address health needs for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment, but evidence has been inadequate to establish the effectiveness of these programs. This article aims to synthesize studies published in English or Chinese regarding the effectiveness of these programs on the outcomes of symptom distress, social support, self-efficacy, quality of life, and psychological well-being for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219937/a-meta-analysis-of-prognostic-roles-of-molecular-markers-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#19
Huy Gia Vuong, Uyen N P Duong, Ahmed M A Altibi, Hanh T T Ngo, Thong Quang Pham, Hung Minh Tran, Greta Gandolfi, Lewis Hassell
The prognostic role of molecular markers in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a matter of ongoing debate. The aim of our study is to investigate the impact of RAS, BRAF, TERT promoter mutations and RET/PTC rearrangements on prognosis of PTC patients. We performed a search in four electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Virtual Health Library (VHL). Data of hazard ratio (HR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) for Disease-specific survival (DSS) and Disease-free survival (DFS) were directly obtained from original papers or indirectly estimated from Kaplan Meier curve (KMC)...
February 20, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219026/cognitive-remediation-and-social-cognitive-training-for-violence-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
: A significant correlation exists between violence and schizophrenia (SCZ). Recent studies matched some cognitive deficits like strong risk factors for violence with interesting applications in terms of treatment. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of cognitive remediation (CR) and social cognitive training (SCT) in the management of violent and aggressive behaviors in SCZ. METHODS: The electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and ScienceDirect were searched in, using combinations of terms relating to SCZ, CR and violence...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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