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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331960/pregnancy-loss-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-mexican-women
#1
Sandra A Hartasanchez, Mario Flores-Torres, Adriana Monge, Elsa Yunes, Beatriz Rodriguez, Carlos Cantu-Brito, Daniela Colaci, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Martin Lajous
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease in women often develops without conventional risk factors. Prenatal loss is a common pregnancy outcome that may result in physiological changes can increase the potential future risk of cardiovascular disease. Insufficient information exists regarding the impact of pregnancy loss on early markers of cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1767 disease-free women from the MTC (Mexican Teachers' Cohort) who had been pregnant was used to evaluate the relationship between pregnancy loss and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330812/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-alogliptin-on-tissue-characteristics-of-the-carotid-wall-subanalysis-of-the-spead-a-trial
#2
Yoko Irie, Naoto Katakami, Tomoya Mita, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Taka-Aki Matsuoka, Masahiko Gosho, Hirotaka Watada, Iichiro Shimomura
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonic tissue characterization of the carotid wall using gray-scale median (GSM) reflects its composition and low-GSM plaque is considered to be unstable. The present study evaluated the effect of alogliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, on the longitudinal change in GSM, an index of the tissue characteristics of the carotid wall, in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: This is a post hoc subanalysis using data obtained from the SPEAD-A trial, a randomized controlled trial that demonstrated the beneficial effect of alogliptin treatment on the progression of carotid intima-media thickness in patients with T2DM with no past history of apparent cardiovascular disease...
January 12, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330707/effects-of-periodontal-treatment-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-lifestyle-related-diseases-japanese-prospective-multicentre-observational-study
#3
Chieko Kudo, Wee Soo Shin, Nobuhiro Sasaki, Kazuo Harai, Kai Kato, Hiroaki Seino, Eiji Goke, Takemasa Fujino, Nobuichi Kuribayashi, Youko Onuki Pearce, Masato Taira, Ryoji Matsushima, Masato Minabe, Shogo Takashiba
Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disease in arterial blood vessels, is one of the major causes of death in worldwide. Meanwhile, periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by infection with periodontal pathogens such as P. gingivalis (Porphyromonas gingivalis). Several studies have reported association between periodontal infection and atherosclerosis, but direct investigation about the effects of periodontal treatment on atherosclerosis has not been reported. We have planned Japanese local clinics to determine the relationship between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis under collaborative with medical and dental care...
January 12, 2018: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329827/effect-of-serum-adiponectin-levels-on-the-association-between-childhood-body-mass-index-and-adulthood-carotid-intima-media-thickness
#4
Yang Du, Tao Zhang, Dianjianyi Sun, Changwei Li, Lydia Bazzano, Lu Qi, Marie Krousel-Wood, Jiang He, Paul K Whelton, Wei Chen, Shengxu Li
Childhood obesity predicts adult cardiovascular risk. We hypothesized that the association between childhood body mass index (BMI) and adult carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) may be modified by levels of adiponectin, an adipocytokine that connects body fatness with cardiovascular risk. The study sample included 1,052 adults (71% white and 29% black, 57% female) aged 23.8 to 43.5 years who were previously examined as children in the Bogalusa Heart Study cohort, with an average follow-up period of 26.5 (range 14...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327164/incremental-predictive-value-of-carotid-arterial-strain-in-patients-with-stroke
#5
Woo-In Yang, Ki-Woon Kang, Hye Young Lee, Chi-Young Shim, Geu-Ru Hong, Namsik Chung, Jong-Won Ha
Although increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a well-known risk factor for stroke, carotid IMT alone is not sufficient for risk stratification. The assessment of arterial properties using velocity vector imaging (VVI) represents a new method for quantifying structural changes. We sought to investigate the characteristics and the clinical value of carotid arterial mechanics using VVI in patients with stroke. Fifty male patients (55 ± 5 years) with stroke, 30 healthy age-matched volunteers (54 ± 8 years), and 30 healthy young male volunteers (29 ± 5 years) were evaluated...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325542/visceral-adipose-tissue-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hiv-infected-patients-undergoing-cart-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Maria Teresa Beires, André Silva-Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, António José Madureira, Jorge Pereira, Davide Carvalho, António Sarmento, Paula Freitas
BACKGROUND: Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients has been associated with lipodystrophy, metabolic abnormalities, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Ultrasound measures of carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) have been used as a valid measure of subclinical atherosclerosis and as a tool to predict the risk of cardiovascular events. Our aim was to evaluate the progression of cIMT in HIV-infected patients subjected to cART, with and without lipodystrophy, over a one-year period...
January 11, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325340/-association-between-small-dense-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-carotid-atherosclerosis
#7
X F Li, X Xu, G W Liang, D H Shao
Objective: To explore the association between small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) and carotid atherosclerosis. Methods: 1 578 subjects were enrolled in an annual health check-up program in aerospace center hospital from 2016 to 2017, and these patients were divided into 471 cases (men 343 and women 128) with carotid atherosclerosis (subjects with increased carotid artery intima-media thickness or carotid atherosclerosis plaque) and 1 107 cases (men 567 and women 540) with non- carotid atherosclerosis according to ultrasonography...
December 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325045/mean-high-dose-l-thyroxine-treatment-is-efficient-and-safe-to-achieve-a-normal-iq-in-young-adult-patients-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#8
Paulina Aleksander, Michaela Brückner-Spieler, Anne-Marie Stöhr, Erwin Lankes, Peter Kühnen, Dirk Schnabel, Andrea Ernert, Walter Stäblein, Maria E Craig, Oliver Blankenstein, Annette Grüters, Heiko Krude
Context: The optimal levothyroxine (LT4) dose required to treat congenital hypothyroidism (CH) remains unclear, with a debate if higher starting doses (>10µg/kg) are necessary and safe for normal Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Objective: To examine the psychomotor, metabolic and quality of life outcome in patients with CH treated with a mean high initial LT4 dose. Design, settings, participants: A cross- sectional cohort study of CH patients identified in the Berlin newborn screening programme from 1979-2003...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324459/discordance-between-lipoprotein-particle-number-and-cholesterol-content-an-update
#9
Eric P Cantey, John T Wilkins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The cholesterol content within atherogenic apolipoprotein-B (apoB) containing lipid particles is the center of consensus guidelines and clinicians' focus whenever evaluating a patient's risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The pathobiology of atherosclerosis requires the retention of lipoprotein particles within the vascular intima over time followed by maladaptive inflammation resulting in plaque formation and rupture in some. The cholesterol content is widely variable within each particle creating either cholesterol-deplete or cholesterol-enriched particles...
January 10, 2018: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322004/thoughts-modulate-the-expression-of-inflammatory-genes-and-may-improve-the-coronary-blood-flow-in-patients-after-a-myocardial-infarction
#10
Carlo Dal Lin, Mariela Marinova, Giorgio Rubino, Elisabetta Gola, Alessandra Brocca, Giorgia Pantano, Laura Brugnolo, Cristiano Sarais, Umberto Cucchini, Biancarosa Volpe, Chiara Cavalli, Maura Bellio, Emilia Fiorello, Sofia Scali, Mario Plebani, Sabino Iliceto, Francesco Tona
Background: Mental stress is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Meditation and music listening are two techniques that are able to counteract it through the activation of specific brain areas, eliciting the so-called Relaxing Response (RR). Epidemiological evidence reveals that the RR practice has a beneficial prognostic impact on patients after myocardial infarction. We aimed to study the possible molecular mechanisms of RR underlying these findings. Methods: We enrolled 30 consecutive patients after myocardial infarction and 10 healthy controls...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321582/serum-podocalyxin-levels-correlate-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-implicating-its-role-as-a-novel-biomarker-for-atherosclerosis
#11
Mayumi Shoji, Minoru Takemoto, Kazuki Kobayashi, Toshihiro Shoji, Satoka Mori, Jun-Ichi Sagara, Hiroyuki Kurosawa, Yoshiaki Hirayama, Kenichi Sakamoto, Takahiro Ishikawa, Masaya Koshizaka, Yoshiro Maezawa, Koutaro Yokote
Podocalyxin is a cell surface sialomucin, which is expressed in not only glomerular podocytes but also vascular endothelial cells. Urinary podocalyxin is used as a marker for glomerular disease. However, there are no reports describing serum podocalyxin (s-Podxl) levels. Therefore, the association between s-Podxl levels and clinical parameters were examined with 52 patients. s-Podxl level was evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The median s-Podxl level was 14.2 ng/dL (interquartile range: 10...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321430/new-onset-takayasu-s-arteritis-as-acute-myocardial-infarction
#12
Yusuke Ishiyama, Kazuo Eguchi, Katsuaki Yokota, Tomokazu Ikemoto, Kazuomi Kario
We herein report the case of a 25-year-old Japanese woman with left-main-trunk acute myocardial infarction (LMT-AMI). She had cardiogenic shock, so emergency percutaneous intervention was performed. Intravascular ultrasound of LMT-AMI showed that the three-layered structure of the intima, tunica media, and adventitia was not clearly visible, and the vessel was concentrically thickened; unstable plaque and calcification were not seen. AMI is rarely seen in young women, but Takayasu's arteritis is one major cause...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320957/cardiovascular-and-metabolic-health-of-74-children-from-women-previously-diagnosed-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-comparison-with-a-population-based-reference-cohort
#13
Marlieke A de Wilde, Jacobien B Eising, Marlise N Gunning, Maria P H Koster, Annemieke M V Evelein, Geertje W Dalmeijer, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Cornelis K van der Ent, Folkert J Meijboom, Bart C J M Fauser
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have compromised cardiovascular health profiles and an increased risk of pregnancy complications. In order to evaluate potential consequences, we aim to compare the cardiovascular and metabolic health of the children from women with PCOS with a population-based reference cohort. We included children from women with PCOS between the age of 2.5 to 4 years (n = 42) and 6 to 8 years (n = 32). The reference groups consisted of 168 (3-4 years old) and 130 children (7-8 years old)...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320845/subcutaneous-administration-of-tocilizumab-is-effective-in-myointimal-hyperplasia-remodelling-in-refractory-takayasu-arteritis
#14
A Lo Gullo, G Mandraffino, C O Aragona, A Molica Colella, A Saitta, E Imbalzano
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown origin that involves large and mediumsized arteries, primarily the aorta and its major branches. TA is a therapeutic challenge because corticosteroids and conventional immunosuppressive agents are not always effective or safe. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) has emerged as a key cytokine in the pathogenesis of TA and its serum levels have been shown to well correlate with disease activity. We report a 19 years old female patient with TA refractory to conventional immunosuppressive agents, successfully treated with subcutaneous tocilizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against IL-6 receptor, in which ultrasonography (US) was used as imaging tool to follow up the patient...
December 21, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320547/dyslipidemia-chronic-inflammation-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-children-and-adolescents-infected-with-hiv-the-posithive-health-study
#15
Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak de Lima, Edio Luiz Petroski, Yara Maria Franco Moreno, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Erasmo Benício de Moraes Santos Trindade, Aroldo Prohmann de Carvalho, Isabela de Carlos Back
HIV-infected children and adolescents may be at risk for cardiovascular disease due to chronic inflammation and exacerbation of risk factors. The aim of this study was as follows: 1) compare cardiovascular risk factors, chronic inflammation, and carotid intima-media thickness (IMTc) between the HIV and control groups; 2) determine the association of HIV and antiretroviral (ART) regimens with cardiovascular risk factors, chronic inflammation, and IMTc; and 3) identify variables associated with elevated IMTc...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318960/the-role-of-inflammation-in-epicardial-adipose-tissue-in-heart-diseases
#16
Zdenek Matloch, Anna Cinkajzlova, Milos Mraze, Martin Haluzik
Epicardial adipose tissue is not only a specific adipose tissue depot but also an active endocrine organ producing numerous substances with an important role in the development of obesity-related heart diseases. It is located between myocardium and visceral pericardium and consists predominantly of adipocytes, immunocompetent cells, ganglia and interconnecting nerve branches. Several studies documented a positive correlation between pericardial and epicardial fat and left ventricular hypertrophy and septal thickening, leading to diastolic dysfunction, electrocardiographic abnormalities and facilitating cardiac failure...
January 9, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318407/optical-frequency-domain-imaging-findings-to-predict-good-stent-expansion-after-rotational-atherectomy-for-severely-calcified-coronary-lesions
#17
Norihiro Kobayashi, Yoshiaki Ito, Masahiro Yamawaki, Motoharu Araki, Tsuyoshi Sakai, Yasunari Sakamoto, Shinsuke Mori, Masakazu Tsutsumi, Masahiro Nauchi, Yohsuke Honda, Takahiro Tokuda, Kenji Makino, Shigemitsu Shirai, Keisuke Hirano
We aimed to evaluate the optical frequency-domain imaging (OFDI) findings after rotational atherectomy (RA) that predict good stent expansion for severely calcified coronary lesions. Fifty consecutive calcified lesions were subjected to RA under OFDI guidance. We performed OFDI just after RA and stenting. We measured the morphology of calcium after RA, and assessed how these factors influence stent expansion. The stent expansion index was defined as the minimum stent area divided by the average of the proximal and distal reference lumen areas...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316186/organ-damage-changes-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-randomized-to-renal-denervation-or-spironolactone-the-denervhta-denervaci%C3%A3-n-en-hipertensi%C3%A3-n-arterial-study
#18
Anna Oliveras, Pedro Armario, Laia Sans, Albert Clarà, Susana Vázquez, Luis Molina, Júlia Pareja, Alejandro de la Sierra, Julio Pascual
Renal denervation and spironolactone have both been proposed for the treatment of resistant hypertension, but their effects on preclinical target organ damage have not been compared. Twenty-four patients with 24-hour systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg despite receiving three or more full-dose antihypertensive drugs, one a diuretic, were randomized to receive spironolactone or renal denervation. Changes in 24-hour blood pressure, urine albumin excretion, arterial stiffness, carotid intima-media thickness, and left ventricular mass index were evaluated at 6 months...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315645/a-preliminary-study-of-pulmonary-vein-implant-applicability-and-safety-as-a-potential-ablation-platform-in-a-follow-up-study-in-pigs
#19
Tim Vandecasteele, Stijn Schauvliege, Matthew Philpott, Eli Clement, Gunther van Loon, Lisse Vera, Tim Boussy, Thomas van Bergen, Wim Van Den Broeck, Pieter Cornillie, Glenn Van Langenhove
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of atrial fibrillation after an ablation procedure remains a major problem which emphasizes the need for improved pulmonary vein isolation techniques. AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe an implantation procedure of a pulmonary vein-stent which may possibly serve as an ablation technique in the future and to examine stent safety in a follow-up study in pigs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight pigs were catheterized and nine self-expanding nitinol stents were implanted through a transfemoral or transatrial approach into the antra of the pulmonary veins...
January 8, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313298/dimensions-of-and-responses-to-perceived-discrimination-and-subclinical-disease-among-african-americans-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#20
Victoria I Okhomina, LáShauntá Glover, Herman Taylor, Mario Sims
BACKGROUND: Although discrimination among African Americans (AAs) has been linked to various health outcomes, few studies have examined associations of multiple measures of discrimination with prevalent subclinical disease in a large sample of AAs. OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of measures of discrimination and coping responses to discrimination with prevalent subclinical disease among AAs in the Jackson Heart Study (JHS); and whether this association is modified by sex...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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